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The watchman and southron. [volume] (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, September 21, 1912, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1912-09-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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>n in i iMjiuiY into Aiuiian
of \l W \okk (.1 \mi \
Ihm i n i \tt?**ne)'s niiiir Su*pcvt> Po?
lice of >?u|?|?ro^liiK Document
I .. in,i in Prisoner's Hut.
New York, sept l ?i A gfgfi t
John Doe luv estimation of circum.
stunce*. surrounding the arrest Satur
doy night of "Off Ifce Flood" and
"Lefty Lule." two of the f.?tir gun?
men who are alleged p. ha\e slain
Herman Los? nth ?I. the gambler, was
begun tcda\ before Justice. Ooff. The
purpose of the Investigation, ac
cording to Acting District Attorn*
Mom. Is to determine whether the
police suppressed or destroyed any
evidence, principally letters Implicat?
ing the two In the murder, and when
and h<>w the clues to their where?
abouts were obtained.
Pleading to the murder indictment
?gainst the defendants was put over
until Wednesday.
Justice Goflf called successively Info
Sis chambers Deputy Police Commis?
sioner Dougherty. Sergeant Young.
Dougherty's secretary, and Detective
Younge. Myers. Cassassa and McKen
na, all members of the police squad
that took "Gyp" nnd "Lefty" Into
Tl.ey were questioned by the Jus?
tice and Mr. Moss. What they told
was not revealed, but It was learned
that Commissioner Dougherty turned
over to Justice Ooff a book contain
lag papers, memoranda and other
documents found fn the gunmen's
flat whb h Mr. Moss said tonight had
furnished the prosecution "some evi?
dence of Importance." Included in
this evidence. Mr. Mou said, were
clues by which he hoped to establish
the Identity of the persona who sup?
plied the gunmen with funds. It was
reported today, however, that 4 0 let?
ters containing Incriminating refer?
ences to the Hosen thai murder had
been found In the dat. and although
Deputy Commissioner Dougherty In
dlgnantly denied that such missives
had been discovered. Mr. Moss de?
clared tonight he purposed to have
the tru'h or falsity of the report
legally established before the Jus
Another matter which the pro.
tutor said was being Investigated was
whether the police ? xamined the two
gunmen and their wives at any time
before the arrival of Mr. Mos* at po?
lice headquarters Saturday nigat. In
this connection the district attorney
has le rnel that contr.ir. to th
story told by the police hut they
"burst Into" the apartment. there
were no signs on the door of the gun?
men's IIa? that force had been used.
The two young wives of the prison?
ers. who today were held In $2.500
bar. hs material witness**. Involved
iliem/nhf In contradictions Mr.
Mos? x Id tonight, when he qiasthm
td them separately as to V/bi t they
knew of the murder.
MaA Kahn, who a No w is h? Id as a
material witness today, may face a
serious charge. Mr. Moss said further
Kahn SJSJI identified in court today
by Krese. the waiter, who h la made
several other Important identihea
tlons ss having bmi n ne.tr the Hotel
Metrop.,1. lt ihr t.me of th.? murder.
Jo> ? I Mclntyre. counsel for Po?
lice Lieut. Charles Itecker expects to
pa\e for Hot Springs. Ark., tomor?
row to appear for his tttCSjl before
the commission appointed to hear the
?estin on> of persons who talked |g
8am Schepps. a State's w:tm - ? In the
_^ i
VMM k on \o|M iivyi il i K\.
( oMihinuiloti touch Turn- 0\?r with
Stunt* r of i oh.ml t^gSseiMS*rs in It
M> CMafl 1 aln' geveff Idn on a
train bsfs w h.-n h? wich " ft it 1
sjgewlat on of un old eolef %i tu.? i
Tnesd. v mormnK as he sciambh d out
of the half turned *SOg4 h OS the
Northwestern railroad. There Were
other and n.ore emphatic eX< Ml i
tbms from the doSSS, or so CulOfed
persons In the coach as they ( limbed
UUt through the wami ws ,.r came out
through the door* of the e.ir, which
had SjggftJ toppled oVeff when It left
Ihe proper track at a ?q-ht switch iri
the Atluntic Const Line freight ysrd
ne .r S in r street.
No one was Injun d. hut |t|| ol the
negroes wees tumbled ug nd were
badly frightened until thc\ got out
and f und I hot lho| had escaped In
Jury. The coaeh Was 'he combina?
tion I'HKK'U.'* and pass*) no r.h fa
the colored p is ?? ' ? ih N ? dm .. ??
was don*- b| MM Wfeehi although M
took < OSJSt b rabb time to got the I if
MfSjIghtSgsd Up md b o k on th*
?rn? k o that the n ilg eouhl proceed.
A New York BJiag II proud ? ' ?'?.
? f o t tb it h? ? on itu? ! n ne nd a hall
poun i- of MeaM nineteen rolls and
efsi eg rose of ? off et iti > hreakfii
eollog ' out- st. So. b . u lb M as that
ts a ggf logg fa< lot in the high eosl
of |f Bjg SltU -li":. CB ii ? MOB Pi Iii
Prof Franklin. - f l.. |gh RSI d I
. o ant d ib- sofft ol ' uffes, Hold
on l mlmite, ?iri*; tbtt refsri la best
ball.?LeeevUle Advocate.
Mi?*l Kile statement- <ii>ing KgfUcS
of Mm hi Charge and of BtOCktlOld?
arg, circulation
Wash lagton, Sept. Ii.?Postmastei
General Hit? hock todkj issueJ in
ttoni for ? irrylng Into sfttct ins
m w newspaper ige! periodical law,
first rtturni under which must be
made by < October 1.
The law required that publtthsn
shall tile on tin- tirst days Ol April
and October of each year, both with
the postmaster foneral and with the
locul pott matter, under penalty of
dt alal of |hi Ott of the mails, a sworn |
ftateno nt of tie- names and address. -
of the OWntr, publisher, editor, man- .
aging editor and business manager of
their newspapers and periodicals, i
Religious, fraternal, temperance and j
scientific publications are excepted.
For a corporation, the names of the j
holders of more than 1 per cent of |
the stocks, bonds or other securities ]
must be given and, in the case of
dally newspapers, a statement of the '
average paid circulation for Uli
preceding six months is required.
All editorial or other reading mat?
ter appearing in a newspaper or j
magazine for the publication of which
pay Is accepted, or promised, must
he marked ' Advertisement" under
penalty of a fine of not less than $50
"r more than $500.
"Although this law was not favored
by the postolflce department,' said
PoataaaaCOl General Hitchcock todav,
"it will be administered faithfully
and impartially. In framing the 40t,
congress doubtless had in mind the
leading daily newspapers, but it will
affect also nearly IS,000 weeklies.
Many of these publications are hav?
ing a hard struggle for existence and
will ttnd the making of returns a
? QTisidifnblt burden.
"In my judgment?and I so ex?
plained it to the congress?the pr >
vision will be harmful, as It will re?
quire the continuous use of valuable
spa. e in the publication! and, at the
.me time, be resented as a censor?
ship of the pi ess. bme. of the greatest
dithcultie* now encountered in the
enforcement of the law relating to
the second class mail is that the post
oftlce department is compelled by law
to ... ike Inquiry into so many aspect?
of the private business of publishers.
This gi\es !..??? to the complaint ?
ill-founded in my opinion ? that the
government interferes needlessly with
the privileges of the press. My judg?
ment is thai !t should be the constant
aim. not only of COUgrsSS, but of the
poetofBci deportmtut, to 1 caeca the
ascttelt) i supervision of the public
press in the enactment and admtnis?
tration of postal laws.'
July I. 1 '.' 11, there \\ ere |8, it ?
newspapers and periodical! enjoying
second class mall prlvlltges, Thtrc
were L'514 d.tilles. 11,117 WOCkllC
."..JT", monthlies. |,Sil quarterlies in I
1.7^5 having other periods of Issue.
Of these, all except abOUl 1,600 ig?
smpttd publications w in bs sits >d
the new law,
Mr. K, l\ i oie Ippuinted >\gcut at
Colnmbla to Huvcccd Mr. Jno, i .
Mom oe.
Wnahinsjrtoni sept. li.< Mr. b, P.
Cob* has been appointed agent, land
ami industrial department, \v?ti? head
quarters at Columbia, succeeding Mr.
Jim. r. .Voi.ro?. resigned et g <-;<
ii other w >rK.
Ni^ii < oupte Married.
.\ colored ruuplr npplylni at the
? ih? e oi tie ? ounty ? lork of court met
-\ lib un< X] e >tcd i bst o b p. their
? hi K- when they found that a tele?
phone message bad been received by
the clerk Instructing bin not to mar?
rj a e. ita1;, coup'e who would apply
lie I. fu| a license. As the mall'**
name corresponded with that given
Mr, Purr??tl in the me*8ag< heat liest
refused to marry ?hem. but later af?
ter hearing front Manning over Ihc
telephone, it wai dclded lhal IhH
,\as a dlffi r< ni couple ami the two
were married the clerk, The ool?
..red couple was liural Tlndal, of
PnxvtlU and Rachel Hodge, of Man*
\u id. al t lijr.
I be Cltj . f I argO, N. I I ha - de
? 0 dividend of ?; I j pi r cent
v he b will be pfl Id III ? ? h "?i M .VCl
i. i l;:. t ? n ij or it; mnounclni
the 11 vidi ad, si id "Ten thousand do:
i u s ||s . been ss ? cd ' hi < II j durlni
? . lost ' ? ? i .rel a. ha' e de? Id? d t
I'rm'.imJ Thought* lor Practical
1 III II1MI'?.
Conducted by E. vv. Dabbs, Pres?
ident 8, C, Farmers Union.)
some Kamlom Thoughts,
Hon the South May Finance Itself,
by Herbert Myrlck, In the New ((range
Judd, paper, "Southern Farming*
?hould be read by every farmer and
well wi.-her of tii?- farmer, 'The only
real Opposition comes from the lo
cal shylocki ?ommon to every land,
who are driven out the more co?
operation BUCCeedS," expresses the
sann- thought that i have
frequently advanced In these
columns and on ?he platform. Other
opposition comes from not under
standing the full meaning <>f the sub?
ject and what it will be to the farmer
in particular and the people at lai -r .
* * *
"The High Cost of Farming In the
United states." from the Literary Di?
gest is. on the same subject, is it
merely a coincidence that two such
articles should appear in two BUCh pa?
pers on the same day'.' September 7th.
Rather does it not show that the
world is waking tip to the basic prin?
ciples of finance as applied to the
masses and to human industry? If
ur farmers could but see that either
the Farmers' Union has brought about
this lively interest in these vital prin?
ciples of farm economy, or by its or?
ganization and study of them is keep?
ing the subject before the public, it
seems to me every one of them would
join its ranks. Two quotations from
Mr. Voakum's article, which by the
gay can be lead in full in Worlds
Work for September, again bring to
mind some Of the expression* of the
writer. "The only reason we are told
is that the farmer stands alone while
the manufacturer is a member of an
organised trade..rhe great prob?
lem for the farmers to settle is wheth?
er they will be satisfied to light other
trusts or put themselves on a Strong
financial basis and operate their own
* * *
WhatSVSr mistakes we may make
in working up to the ideal of perfect
Organisation and full co-operation.
rest assured n y friends ;t li coming
just as sure as spring time and au?
tumn, summer and winter, for It is
the 10th century progress In ail lines
Of human endeavor, and. WS either
succeed or tin- farmers of trie coun?
try will be set back in the place of
peons and serfs for a thousand years,
i do not believe this degradation will
COmS to us < but it it do,--; It w ill be
because Of our own supineness> for
! am sure the farmer is waking up.
What 1 want to see is the farmers ot
Butnter County and South Carolina at
the head Of the column.
E. W. D,
Good Howling ConteM Witnessed at
Y. .M. ( . A, Vlonduj Xlgtit.
The Challengers were defeated In
every game of the match Monday
night b) a picked *Quad which went
up against them, Tile bowling wai
fast and a fairly "..i exhibition WSI
seen by the spectators present.
in the first game the Challenger
came out i" pins ahead of their op?
pom tit"?; in the set ond game they heat
their opponents by ::."> pins; the third
me capped the climax when the
challenging team was defeated by 107
Yin player* were, Challengers: Don
White. Turner White. John Mc
Kntght, William Klnard, Hal liarby;
Chellengeed, Creech, Walsh. Cuttlno,
Knmph and Moses. Tin- highest in?
dividual score was bowled by Cut?
tlno In the last game he having sv
cured 189 pins.
Till EH \ ( IG VII \\ ill \ n?7
llllmih lilltckNIItltll Male an Nearly
at Fdtthdax t oh hratioii.
Danville, 111., Sept i?. William
llenr; llarbaugh todaj celebrated
in? I0?th birthday anniversary, He
Is -tin bab ami hearty, ib came to
I lllnolfl and to I lun> Ille ir 1883 and
conducted I lo lira! blacksmith shop
? n l he town. At l hi age of seventy -
i \, h< retired from .?< 11\. work, but
when be rounded oat .1 century he
weid to the blacksmith shop of ins
*on. T< id ij he Htimki d bi^ III si
I u and appeared lo like it.
\ *a 11 i t a r j improvement was made
on w. si Lim rty tree! Tu. sdaj morn
Ing when the old mud and mire on the
edgi ? ' the n ? . 1 w .< sc raped awa>
I ii?i 11 covering of :? 1 m t. -? i e. n 11 ?? -
put in to fill up the spai ? . ThU pat I
Of Libcl ty Street \\{\? g;\ . |, | he tO
uiu< h criticism for 'everal months
II 11 |1 |< hoped that th< itep I 'hell
a ill t. med) condition*,
How the sou.ii Ma) Finance Iself.
CBy Herbert Myrtck, President of
?irang Judd I tompany.)
We must ail take our hats off to
tim farmen of Qermany, They cer?
tainly know, not only bow t?? farm
it, inn how to run their Interests in
politics und In co-operation. One
reason for tim present economic de?
velopment and prosperity of Germany
lies in the fact that for more than i<ju
yean agriculture there has had first
place in the minds of her statesmen
and m her governmental policies,
Hence no deserted farms, no slums In
her cities ,and almost a total cessa?
tion of the ? migration which former?
ly caused her statesmen go much con?
Education in agriculture and other
sciences, also co-operation in inning
farm supplies and. to a less extent
in marketing produce, have made
great strides in Qermany of late years. |
But the basis of economic progress In i
German agriculture |g the successful
development of co-operative finance.
Probably one-third of all the farm- !
ers in the Fatherland are now mem- !
hers ot the co-operative savings and i
loan hanks which supply them with
money or credits, though many of
such hanks do the hulk of their busi- !
ness with townspeople.
This co-operative finance is so fruit?
ful in benefit that these institutions
have Increased prodigiously in num?
bers, accompanied by large growth In
other forms of associated effort. This
is shown by the number of co-opera?
tive concerns reported as members of
the national union at its meeting this
Years. 1890 1900 1106 19 lli
and loan
banks 1,730 9,800 13,200 16,800
Stores . . 540 1,115 1,870; 2,400
eries. . 604 1 900 2.800 3,500
Other. . 100 800 1,450 3,400
Total 3.000 13.600 19.320 26.000
( Uitalde
Union . . . 4.000 4,400 7.000
A eg negate for
Germany ... 17.6?.0 2.;.700 33,000
9s co-operative wholesale societies
supply the stores.
Land-mortgage hanks have increas?
ed slightly in number and vastly in
Why has the nun.her of co-opera?
tive hanks in Germany increased ten?
fold In -0 years, with corresponding
growth in other forms of co-opera?
tion? Why Is their growth greater
from year to year? Because it pays
the farmers and others who thus CO
operatl?pays in saving money and in
making profits, pays by encouraging
thrift, and pays yet more by bringing
the farmers together ami holding
them together.
The first lesson from it all, to our
farmers in the United States, is this:
Get together! Get better acquainted
know and understand each other bet?
ter, bury suspicions and jealousies,
develop mutual confidence, cultivate
charity of views and unity of action
he willing to trust capable men to
manage your co-operative undertak
Ingl and loyally back them up.
This is the only solid basil upon
which to build co-operation. it is
easier to form such a basis in Ger?
many than in America, because over
there the farmers mostly live in
houses huddled into dorfs, or little
villages, and know eacg other more
Intimately than here, where each far?
mer lives on his own homestead us
lord of his domain,
Iiis independence oi thought and.
action, his marked individuality, his
pride and power are at once the
American farmer's strength and
weakness. These characteristics
haVe enabled him to gubdue the wild?
erness and wrest victory from nature
through iii- own unaided efforts; hut
have made it hard for him to co-oper
ate with his neighbors to do that
which, in tin so days of ? hange ami
combination, can be done better to
g? 11' ? ban separately.
Bui all is not gold that glitters even
in German co-operation. There have
been lomi bad failures; not many,
but enough t" emphasise these ??hl
Good management Is jus! as neces?
sary in a co-operative hank or store
as in one inn for private profit. A
little Village bank, I Uli by and for the
farmers, enlists ail of them as mem?
bers if its management is t ight ; other?
wise, its membership is small, its use
fulness restricted, tlhougti it rarely
fail-. The lark of BUCCCSH, or tll?'
i'W conspicuous failures, have been
among the central organisations that
!.?,i the lot iIs with cash, credits or
? omnrtoditles.
In co-operative business, as m gov*
. ! um. nt. t he t ut ile i things ar?- re
moved from the people, the less di
recl their control b> the members,
nid the neu? careh -.-> their supervis?
ion bj their owners, the greater th<
M > 11 ' etil i ft i? :? s ha i e m>t all til
cientl) einphn Ized lhin point, While
mo t of the stuff eisen In I ?? prim, d
nboul German .pei it Ion gives the
Impression lhat ii works perfectlj
w it houl ti ouble or loss,
i ??. op, ration icceeds in Germany
.is in other countries, only as a result
of loth of hard work, self-sacrificing
devotion, overcoming of obstacles
persistent stfck-to-tt-tveness, educa?
tion, good management and growth
slow but sure!
The German co-operator is willing
to begin small and to await results;
the American would start big, ami is
impatient if the scheme falls to make
him rich iiuick! This is why various
types of co-operation have succeeded
admirably in Europe only to fail in
a merlca,
Control of their finances through as?
sociated effort lias been the easiest
and best form of co-operation among
i German farmers. I believe the same
j will be true among United States far?
lad our farmers pool their cash
1 and credits, through a sound method
of co-operative finance, and their eco
1 nomic progress will astonish the
i world. And this can be done In a way
to benefit all other Interests and in?
dustries, which prosper when the
farmers prosper.
This latter truth is perfectly un?
derstood, especially in Germany. Hig
banks and big business there welcome
the farmers' or peoples' co-operative
batiks, stores and creameries instead
of antagonizing; the movement. The
only real Opposition comes from the
local Shyloeks, common to every land,
w ho are driven out the more co-oper?
ation succeeds.
The same will be true in the United
States, as our people come to recog?
nize the wonderful benefits that will
accrue Jo all classes by a right system
of CO-opefative finance. Already pro?
gress is being made. America's am?
bassadors ;*re reporting to the depart?
ment of State many interesting details
of European co-operative methods. I
was glad to supply mach data to
Minister Herrlck at Paris. Private in?
dividuals and organizations are look- i
ing into the matter, abroad and at ;
home*. The whole public i* interested.
Goody will n^ult ire time.
In my succeeding articles, in this
paper will try to point the way toward
a system of co-opeixtdvo firjance that j
will acasomplCsfi the desired results. '
But this cat not be done by simply
transplanting foreign institutions, nor
by ^rantin^ the farmers petty favors.
The right pystem will safety pro?
vide adiHtuate banking facilities for
all the people all the time. Farmers
want nothing less?not favors to agri?
culture, nut financial justice to all.
For as a people?, we and all cear inter?
ests are ladissolwbly bound together. ]
Yet it is fOU, fuLTTne-rs. who BSUSt lead
in til.* reform, as you have fn bo many
? ' ?..-. Vou can do it. and I kn >w
?< u will,
.*... ultimate result of -?d this \v??rk
will hf t<> remedy existing defoota In
commercial banking, -?ri <i provide a
method of co-operative credit,
a-hereby even the gimall farmer with
the most limited cash resource! may
l?ooj in with Iiis m ighbors, and upon,
their joint security obtain seasonal
advances upon reasonable terms.
The co-operative land mortgage
banking ?yst< m is to make it possible
ior farmers to obtain permanent
loans at low rates of interest,
through the Issuance and sale of farm
bonds, which are destined to so com?
bine safety ami Stability, collateral
v;?lue and marketability as to via with
government bonds. Vet co-operative
farm finance will pr< mote thrift and
debt paying .rather than extrava?
gance ami speculation.
Death of Mrs. I A an-.
PlSfjah, Sept. IT,.?Mrs. J. I). Evans
lied at her home here early Friday
morning after a few day- illness and
was burled at 1'isirah church. Satur?
day m< rnlng, after funeral serrtce^
by Rev; Mr. Sharp and in the pres?
ence ut a large number of people who
? ante to pay the last sad tribute to
her memory.
In early 1109 *he joined the Bap?
tist church and was active in the
work of th* church. She had a bright
mind ami was well versed in literary
and the -urrent topics cd" the day
and was a true friend to education.
of lhte ye;i?rs her health has been
fe. blc. so she rarely went out. The
death of Her husband Bve years ngo
and recenc'ty of a daughter made in?
roads on a. conatftntton that was frail
and she did! not have strength to re?
sist the disease. She leaves six chil?
dren, numerous relatives and
friends n* mourn Usat sh? has passed
"Them is not dnath, 'tis only s>ep.-*
A drnsntng of. 'Th.* Imperial," the
hotel being erected by Mr. A. L. Jack?
son on Harvin streckt, has been on
display n the P. J. Chandler Cloth?
ing Conrsgany store windows for sev?
eral days where it has attracted con?
siderable* attention. The building, if it
is like \he colored draft of it which
is on v:ww, will be a very handsome
Cotti n brought 11." ? . - nts on the
local market Tuesday. There was
? oily ., small amount of the staple on.
the itnsots.
M**v fln'lTk i'.liv F, ?j. ^1:;,m^. Kran.
?L?t>. UrfHIU, Mix?>d <"?? and Chic too t-Yed.
Horses. Mules. *?
Booth-Harby Live Stock Co.
m If Its Merchandise
^ Just In from the S?rth, the finest ll*ae of Hats, Caps, Clothing,
* etc. you could a*ish to see. and the pri.res are RIGHT. Come with
? the crowd to oar special bargain days-?Wednesday and Satarday.
S D. Harrelson. St. Charles. S C.
Removed with M.'ii i soi l', without pain or danger, no matter
how large, or how far raised above die surface vi tin? skin. Ami
tlicy t\ill never return, and no trace <w scar will be left. MOLE6
orr is applied dlrec.Zy to the MOIJC or WART, whidi ratlrelj
disappears about -i? days, hilling the germ %ud leaving tlie *kiu
smooth ..nd isatural.
MOLKSOFF i* put up out) in tine f*?llai fa tile*
Bach bottle is neatly packed In a plain case, accompanied by full
directions and contains enough rented) to remove eight or ten
ordinary MOLEr- or WARTS. We sell MOLESOFF under a positive
GUARANTEE If it falls \ > remove your MOLE or WART ae will
promptly refund ihe dollar.
Florida Dbuributlttg Company Department, r< nssu ? its ria.
Tfcl III Wl> MOM \
Money spent on t-?Hi is s goo^
>ivi ?i mi. at und one that gives rot
. ly returns.
v:. ii? \ it c Medium of i Kchange
is only ?od s? far as it ?i\u?
the things which contributs to om
health. * omfort and happiness.
Ilium S|h?iii oil iltc Teeth it bring1
t * all I ItM of ihr AIkhc.
The Sumter IVntal Parlors sre ds
x ? ? tii> ; i!. ;:- life \\ rk to the care ol
Sumter Dental Parlors*
DR. C, H. COUR rNi V, :*toP.

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