Newspaper Page Text
a^Manfced Wcdnemlay And Saturday.
QSTEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY
SUhfTBR, *. C.
11.M R?r annum?tn advaace.
Advert Isens ewts:
Omm Square first Insertion.$1.00
?very subsequent Insert loo.SO
Contracts for three moot a a, or
Isagsr will be made at reduced raise.
AH communications mhlsh cub
ssjrve private InUraata will be oha.ged
far aa advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect
aria he charged far.
The ?irotir Watchman was found
ad la lilt snd ths True Southron In
lift The Wstchn.an and Southron
asw has the combined circulation and
fcaluenct cf both of ths old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
medium tn Sumter.
t-l i ,. .1,
John T. D mean, who also run for
Govern, r. alleges that he was told
by a Mr. W A Lea that the Jones
crowd sptni flOH.000 during tho last
few day* before the primary trying
to elect Jones. Mr. Lee says he never
made auch a statement to Duncan.
The story Is preposterous and Dun
^aaa himself can not believe It.
The question having been raised ss
to who organised the primary system
In South Carolina and when. It may
he of Interest to know that a primary
for members of the leglalature and
county officers was held In Sumter
County ss early as 194 4?and per?
haps earlier. We have not the com?
plete record available beyond 1 884,
but the Indications are that the first
primary was held ?n Sumter County In
1881. At that time Senator Tlllman
had never been heard of in Sumter
County and he 1? entitled to none of
ths credit for the adoption of the
primary system of nominations by the
itlc party of this County.
s s a
rime which C. M. Young, at
8h >e one of the Rural Policemen
st er County, and Mack Morris,
ec ?)??.?' .*) for Magistrate Player of
Ph. . i. are charged with having com
ant" on Friday last, Is one of the
?M Jtrageous In the criminal an
Sumter County. They were
l with having committed
I assault on two negro girls
aj] re In their custody, and a war
as Issued for their arrest by
ate Plsyer. They have fled,
tl t said to be hiding In the
in . biloh township. The ef
f ? tat have been made to capture
lt>- ritlvee have thus far been
fruit t and the reports that have
? ?celved Indicate *hat they will
irrested until it suits their c?n
e to surrender. Without un
g t*? express an opinion as t<?
??.ilt or innocence of ne ac
? used men. for we have no desire t"
I rejudhe the case of m*n und? ; mali?
gn ao heinous, we feel that it Is our
duty t?> itay that the law-abiding paopls
of Sumter Cssjaty owe ic to thaaigahrai
h> see that these gang arc spoodll) tl
rested and brought to trial. If Utsj
are gut'ty. *? ehaT| I IhO) should hi
Speed 11, and Severely pum-do I that
lhe?r fate will hi ? warning to othOf
IjawleiM men Thin is ? < .se that can?
not be ignored, and. Youmc Morrh
are allowed to eaca pe. If they are not
hrou* it Into . o.rt and BMtds 10 an?
swer t > the ehafgm alleged Ig 'ha
wsrrant. th?- ras, arg wi shunts! Cotta?
ty for law. order and deOShCy will hi
damn* ! for hut and i da\. If the
officers of Sumter Count>. whose duty
It Is to enforce the law* and appre?
hend * nrntnal*. do th.ir duty. Toung
and Morris win he arrested and
brought to tili, .t Mm ipproichmg
Urm ?i oasjrt. If the) are not ar?
rested speedily. If he cannot effect the
arrest al'h his present f .r< e the sher?
iff ?houhl ask for .^.hmi, a. The
white p -ople rub- Sumter County, and
they owe it thi nr ' . - t<> |.| < I
the n-?;r< ? i m all then rights and to
see? that tbe> ir.' ? i. ..i I luatl) Tl
father ?f the two k,irl who are al?
leged to have been an grossly and
brutally mtatfoatsd bj two white men
?and they . !c.ti of the I .w \\ h ?
u#*c<i tb. r official position to obial i
custody of the ifirls has appsalad '
the courts f. r redrem ol his wrongs
lie has a??ked the white people who
control the courts to gr ?? him Ju*t'i .
and If we fall to brin* IttCN white
men into court to face Iheli iceuasi
we wrong the man w h? asks for Jus*
tlee ander tbe law ar d damn our
telven ,%r pfOtSOtOfl of the laWliSl
The white man wh<. ..-<-.i ulf-< i negro
girl is us vile a ortralasl as the nsgro
who aasnults a white elrl. ami h* i
more to hi ? sandigem d.
so long ai Tseng and af orrti sra
permitted to remain at lthert> in d?
fiance of the law. Humtei Count]
guilts of ? nd< n rik,' lawln n- -m and
falling In the dill it oWOf 11 ? pr.d. ? t
Sil women. ?d i< k al w?l |fl whit..
from thr lust of brutish m< a.
A I tier il h ildt of wasf.-d oppor
tunltlei no n- i general - ? r ditcn for
SPECIAL COUiCH Bi
j. \v. IUVCII, jr.. OP WAYvi s.
villi:, HMMDfl as pos
Si dll city MAN At. Kit.
Work on Ucfsaaj < >rdins nee Caan?
menood?Map M urnlng streets.
Drain?, and Water Main-* i "resent?
ed by Major W. I*
A special meeting of city council
was held Tuesday ca ning for the
purp??*?- of discuss* ng with Mr. J. W.
\ ? r. Jr.. of Waynesville. N. C.
the city manager's Job and the pos?
sibility of his being secured as city
manager for Sumter. The matter
was discussed informally but no de?
cision w >? ' u bod. action being post?
poned for further consideration.
Jo*, f J ?c'iuesbt.-ke applied for an
annual license as a street photograph?
er instead of a dally lie >n>e. His re
4Uat1 WM refused.
Mr. W. L. Lee presented I copy
of the map he is preparing, showing
the streets, dr..ins and water mains.
with the land slevaUons Indicated,
ids woik was approved.
The aaat matter taken up was the
pr? pa ration Ol th< annual license or?
dinance, Matters relating to this
w, r dls*t -sod for some time and
somt work doao <?n the ordinance.
The Sehulw-I>< litz.-ch t o-opcratlve
Hanks In Germany.
Co-operative banking in Germany
and in other countries abroad is not
confined to the agriculturists. Side
by side with the Raiffeisen type of
agricultural banks there has grown
up another type, intended to me<*t the
needs of laborers and artisans, which
is known under the name of its
founder, Fran* Hermann Sehulse
Delltzach. This economic and social
leader was born in 1808 at Delitzsch.
In Prussian Saxony, and died at the
age of 75 in 1883. He began his pub
lie life as an assessor of a court of
Justice In Perlin. and it was not until
after he had completed his fortieth
year that he entered upon what prov?
ed to be hie life work. As a member
of the National Assembly of 1848 he
was made chairman of a parliamen?
tary committee to inquire into the
condition of laborers and artisans.
As the result of the Inquiry he became
impressed with the necessity of co?
operation to enable the smaller trades?
men and artisans to improve their
economic codltlon. In 1850 he es?
tablished the first cooperative bank
?t his native place, from which he de?
rived the later part of the name by
which he is now known. In the fol?
lowing year he resigned his pub'le
appointments and devoted himself to
the furtherance cf his plan of co?
operative banking. A decade after
wards he became a legislator again,
and the subsquent legislation dealing
wl?* cooperative banking was largely
his .\ork. In view of the importance
nhich his system >f banks has attain?
ed, and the fact that at present farm?
ers constitute about one-fourth of the
total membership of those banks.
Ambassador Lelshman has included
ag a? < ount of the working of the sys?
tem in hi* laveattcaUoa of agrieui
lural credit institution-" la Germany,
Owtgjg to the fact that the social
structure ?l the town is more complex
than that of ihs farming community,
the striu ture of the s< -hu'r/.e-1 tolitSSOh
o Nj>pei itivi banks, whose function*
an- mainly connected with the towns,
i.- mors complex than that of the ru
rel banks of the Raiffeisen type, of
which son e account has already boon
en. The membership of the urban
bank.- Includes men from many walks
Of hfe and oi varying degrees of tin
nnclal Stand inf. These banks are
Ipplled with a larger foundation oap
ii il than the rural banks. The mem?
bers of the fOimer are required to
subscribe a comparative!) largo
smounl f?>r cnpl "i stockt and they
?perah- upon th h basis more after
the fashion of other banks than M the
? i-e with those of the Raiffeisen t>'lM ?
They also do rriore of a general bank?
ing businsoBi as Iholf larger cash
capital enables them to do, They do
not d< pend for their funds upon oen?
tral .peratlvs bmks. but roeotve
loans fron? outside Institutions. They
maintain a no re sxpehslvs manage*
meal than tho rural banks, and pav
dividends upon thslf Capital stork.
ranging generali) from ;, t,, 7 per cent
a fee of them. Indeed, pay dividend!
of 10 per e, nt. and it ap| its tbit a
duldend of if. per cent is not un
Capital shar?s in theas banks avsr?
age a llttls over $!?'?. The rate of in
lersot paid by them for thetf mone)
IVsraSJSS about 3 3 I per COnl Of the
total working ? pltal, and 'bo kv>>^
profits ai-out *? 1 I pel cent, After de?
ducting the cog! ?o* operation and
other expensei ihers is b it n not pro
nt for distribution, which averages
shout *"> 1 - per sen! of the 1 ire
capital Pan of mis is carried over
.? s reserve aad 'be remainder is dls
? 1 bated m dh blend* Ttu bank* i" 111
money on corronl .iunl and for
nxed periods, loans on the former bs
^is amounting to over 10 pot cenl
of their business* Loans for nxed p<
riods it mads on pled*;e or by dr
GARS RUN IN AUGUSTA.
OPERATIONS RESUMED AFTER
SUSPENSION Foil STRIKE.
Doputto* <>ni> PMaonjferi as Public
Declines to Take Advantage of Bar?
Viet?Mayor Satisfied With Condi?
Augusta, Oa., Oct. -.---Cars were
op, rat? ?l today from about 11 o'clock
for the tlrst time since the strike went
into effect, more than a week ago,
bill the only passengers were the
Imported motormtn and conductors,
and three imported deputies to-each
Though Obstruction! were found at
numerous points along the right of
way, a frog was torn out of a switch
on May avenue, near Fifteenth street,
and one car was rocked on East
Boundary( no disorders of moment oc?
curred at any point along the line.
Neither the Lake View line nor Aiken
line has yet bean opened, but it is
the purpose of the company?since it
?uccseded in pulling the spike out of
the kiru: trill bridge today?to put
cars on th Lake View line tomorrow
morning. The interurban service will
probably not be started this week, in
view of the fact that the protection
afforded by the city, county and
municipal authorities does not extend
beyond the North Augusta bridge.
At intervals along the entire right
of way of the belt line special depu?
ties, sworn in this morning by the
sheriff from the prominent business
men of the city, patrolled the streets
on horseback, in addition to these
special officers the entire police force
was on duty throughout the day, but
only the single company of militia
encamped at the power house remains
Tonight. Mayor Marrett expressed a
high degree of satisfaction and says ;
the situation is. he believes, consid- 1
erably Improved. I
DECOMPOSED oil ?ROTTKX
department of Agriculture Defends
Killing AgalMM KiinsaN Company.
Washington, Oct. t,?li a dscom
possd egg. with:r the meaning Of the
pure food and drug act of I906t the
?an\S thing as i "rotten" Sgg under
the common law? Upon the aarly de?
dsion of that question by the Bu?
premi Court?of ihe United States is
said |0 hang <>ne of the most f ir
reaching dtsput? in regard to the
Federal pure food law slrce Its enact?
ment. Egg men are attacking the
department of Agriculture as seek?
ing to enforce the law according to
arbitrary and ur reasonable standards
Whlli Officials of the department :ir"
defending theli course as Involving
the moil valuable features of the
ligiilatti i againat improper tod.
Thi 1 ?ntroveray aroae over the
sstaure iti Jersey pity, N. J. of M3
oani of f ten products pack* d
In Topeka, by Lha Seymour Packing
Company upon the order ot the H. J.
Keith Company? The pure food law
provides thai an article should be
leei ed adulterated when "decom*
posed." In the r.ai that followed the
government called a number ol gov
eminent chemists who testified that
ihe correct metliod of telling wheth?
er an egg was decomposed was to
count the bacteria In the t^g si i>
The hi? Ith company c mt >nd < n?
grem had not defined what a meant
bj "decomposed* and so the courts
must go hick to the common law for
a definition. Under the common law,
it continued) ? decompoaed egg was a
retten egg ? ad s" Congress oust have
meant to legislate against rotten egg-^
or eggs "unwholesomely decomposed."
counting lulls of exchange, Loans on
mortgage form about 10 per cent of
the total, in addltlon( a small num?
ber of loans are m ole without guar<
? nt.. of any sort, Kurplus funds not
needed for loans to members are de
posited With outside banks and in
veated In flrst-olas* aecurttlea. Cen<
timi banks have been organised In
three provinces In Germany) bul theat
aie characterised as not of much Im"
port.in? i to the working of the ays*
tent) since the local banks have no
difficulty In obtaining money from
outside banks under aittlafactory ar?
rangementa, Tin urban banks, how
ever, maintain current accounts with
the Dresden Hank, i private Institu?
tion, in older t<> fa til I tu e the move?
ment of 'hell funds and to equalise
their debits and credits The urban
bankv are much few." in numhei
tban the i:.iff. Isen banks and the)
h i\ e but little more than half <
many membera, bul their lotal turn
over i-; larger, In lauif-io the Institu
lions of the s. ho /..? polltzsch typ
w ei e i o "? ? it ntintb< r, I hi y h id 01r?,
over amounted to |3,231,80),0.1ft, n<
? nrdllig to figures published hj ih<
International institute ..t Agrlctii
CONVICTS' LYNCHING PARTY.
HAMV AGED WOMAN'S ASSAIL
ANT IN WYOMING PRISON.
While Mob ot* Citizens Out>ide of
Penitentiary Clamor for Prisoner
to Avenge Outrage i"i>on White
Woman, Hundred Infuriated Con?
victs, Inside, Overpower Guard and
Hawlina Wyo., <>ct. i.?Details of
ths lynching of Krank Wlgfall, the I
negro assailant uf Mrs. Esther (Gran?
ny) Iliggins, known as the "prison- I
ers' friend," l>y the convicts of the
state penitentiary here today, while
Sheriff Willis, at the county jail, was
holding off a party of would-be citi?
zen lynchers, may never be known.
The minister threat, "the first man
Who scuta's Is the next man hung,"
silenced .ill the convlcls und prison
guards examined i> a coroner's jur>
today. The jury gave up the task late
this afteri: on without learning any?
Wlgfall was placed in the county
jail late yesterday for safekeeping, af?
ter his capture at Fort Steel. When
the mob surged about the jail early
this morning the sheriff probably
saved tin prisoner's life by Slipping
him out unseen and rushing htm t<.
the penitentiary nearby. Wlgfall
was placed In a cell, which soon af?
ter prisoners marching to breakfast
had to pass. As they tiled by the ne?
gro made slighting remarks of his
With the nu?b at the jail Still clam?
oring for the negro, about one hun?
dred of the prisoners broke loose im?
mediately after breakfast and made
a dash for the negro, who also had
been taken to breakfast. The guard
was overpowered before he could
thrust the negro into a cell ami him?
self locked in the cell by the infu?
One of the convicts produced a
rope and while the others held the
negro he tossed a half hitch over the
negro's head and made the other end
fast to the balcony rail of tho cell
house. The negro was tossed over
the railway and the convicts marc hied
back to their work.
Not until the cries of the imprison?
ed guard brought other guards waif
the lynching known to any one ex?
cept those who took part in it.
Sunday night Wlgfall broke into
Mrs. Higgins' house, chopping dow n a
?leor with an axe. About dawn Mon?
day he ieft her In a pitiful condition.
A few hours later she crawled to a
neighbor's house and told what hap?
pened. Fosses searched the hills all
Monday night for the aged woman's
assailant. Late last night he was cap?
tured in an exhausted condition by a
justice of the peace.
THE NEWS OF PI8GAH.
Teachers for Various Sctsools?Union
Has Pleasant Meeting?Other Mat?
Plsgah, ^>ot. ;:. ? The big rain ten
days ago hurt OOttOn by beating it
out. The crop is about open on many
farms and the yield Will be short. If
the price goes lower ths farmers will
be in a bad lix, for this crop has been
very expensive to raise.
A good deal of sickness Is about,
i etly fe\ er and colds,
Miss IIa Mae Evans will resume her
school duties at Cleveland school on
Rev. T. L. Cole Will teach the
Plsgah school this year.
Miss Alhia Bradley will teach the
Nt w Rope school.
a great deal of lawlessness is oc?
curring through the community. A
gentleman told me this morning that
some one shot at bis house last
night, near this place and a police?
man Is badly noedi d to get the law?
less fellow. Pistols and whlskej art
thick through the countr) and we !
may expeel some one to get hurt, for
where those two abound, devilmen!
i- always on hand.
l .1 e County Union had a very tine
uo.ting at Antloch Church last Sat
urda) and Sunday. The re m Union
goes to Mt, /ion ('but ch,
Mr. H H. Evans and his estimable
wife have moved to Blshopvllle.
Many of their friends called on them
t.. bid them farewell, for a short Mme,
u!? hope, Mr. Evans can \\:ilk about
Kcrshau Association will meel at
Swlfl Creek Church on the 16th iust.
Chin Is the church thai Uev. Samuel
Furmati preached al for many years,
an,i he h held In high love and r< -
Hpecl I?) 'In "id members and i.
ph w ho ii ?ed to attend 1 ils pre idl?
I ' .a .ib i 'lltirch and si el Ion, bad the
pleasure of having Uev, J, V Tolar
for some days week before last II 1
sermons were deeplj impres \\>- and
line and produced a th ? u Impi cj h nt.
on th.' church. Man) members and
people utatod to i he s. I Iter I In ir In
i. nt ion of in Ing better i ? ople an I
more useful In the future, Mr Tolar
hn u i i n \ friends here who wjI' ever
he dollghted to ha\ e him conn cjaln
whenever he can do so.
ULTIMATUM EXPECTED TODAY.
Turkey Awaiting Final Word from
London, Oct. 2.?No ultimatum
ha* yet been delivered t ? Turkey from
the Balkan States, hut according to
the most reliable news luch an ulti?
matum will be presented at Constan?
tinople tomorrow. it will demand
autonomy tor Macedonia, Albania,
Old Bervla and date within three
in the event of failure o> comply
with this demand, the Balkan coali?
tion Will repeat it and at the same
time address a collec tive note to the
great Towers, notifying them that af?
ter the expiration ol another three
days the Ba kan States Will enforce
the dem inj I y recourse to arms.
Thus there will be a respite of at
least a week before hostilities open.
Thii respite will be utilised by the
pew eis to Beek to arrange a compro
j mlse with Turkey accept ible to ihe
four Stute.*?, w hieb it i< believed
prefer u way < . \ without bloodshed.
The Austro-Hungari.tn iorelgn min?
ister, fount Von Berchthoid, had o
conference of more than hour with
King George, of Greece, at Vienna to?
No further news has been received
of the reported frontier conflicts, but
tension c ontinues strain d, ? specially
owing to the seizure by the Turkish
authorities of Greek vessels.
Hamburg;, October 2. The general
clause covering war risks In shipping
policies was cancelled to-day by the
insurance companies here. This step j
does not affect ships already at sea.
special war Insurance Is obtainable]
only at high rates, as it is impossible
to forsee the consequences of a war (
to Mediterranean and Black Sea ship?
Rome, Oct., ?Italy, although at
war with Turkey for a year past, joinv
ed the ranks ??t the peace makers to- ;
day and gave her support to the Pow?
ers trying to prevent the Balkan States
from attacking her enemy. Specific
instructions have? bean sent to the
Italian ministers .-it. Athens, Sofia, Bel?
grade and C'ettinje, to join in repre?
sentations of othss great powers in
urging moderation and avoidance of
The Balkan crisis umJI hasten peace
between Italy and Turkey, according
to the prevalent opinion in Italian dip?
lomatic circles. Tho removal of the
Italian fleet sa a rded n?
the only way ir
claim a free ruin ?
mit the transpo
from Asiatic Tu
Cation brought 1 1.85 for best
graded on th*- street Thursday. The
receipts were- something over 400
HOW TO ESCAPE HIGH RATES.
Ootunuesloner McMaster Ha*> no \n
Utortty in .Matter, but Points '?ut
in answer to a letter fr?>m 111? -
Chamber of Commerce, in whic h in?
quiries were made as to the cause of
certain Increases in rates of insurance
on household goods ami tenant dwel?
lings, Mr. a. v. Bnoll of the Cham?
ber of Commerce has received the
following letter from Mr. r. H. He
Master of Columbia, Insurance Com?
missioner <( South Carolina:
Columbia, Sept. SO, lilt.
Mr. a. v. Bnoll, Secretary Chamber o;
Commerce, Bumter, S. C.
Dear Sir: i regret to say that I
have no power to Bid you in prevent?
ing the charging of additional rates
on household goods and tenant dwel?
The only thing for you to do Is In
advise your citizens to take a decided
Stand and place their insurance only
in st,eh companies as do not charge
this additional rate.
I am advised that the Southern
Home, Charleston. B. C, the Ameri?
can Home of Greenville and the Au
gusta Fire of Augusta, Ga? and I oe
lieve several other companies not
members of the Southeastern Under*
writers* Associati ?n, do not charge
additional rates, j am enclosing list
of all companies licensed in this State;
those marked net being members of
the .Association. I would suggest
your taking the matter up with tv.e
Companies marked and, such i s
agree not to make the additional
charge, advise your citizens to place
their insurance with them.
F. H. McMaster.
Liquor ami Pita hi.
From the quantity of liquor that is
being t^dered, we judge that there
is something doing in the neighbor
hoed of the pi.*tol shots that are
nightly heard in the country. We are
told the firing of pistols at night is a
signal widerstood by those who want
liquor to mean tnere is a fresh sup?
ply just arrived.?Manning Times.
?>?^l9MiwsPSWa%,*,iMMa** ?w???*v?~ ? res ? .?
FOR SALE-?One or two milk cows
with young calves, kind ar.d gentle.
Will be glad to show them to pros?
pective buyers. Also Berkshire
and graded pigs, lam be and kids.
Apply to E. W. B*at>bs, Pineland
Endorsed by it* Agricultural colleges
and Experiment Stations.
D. M. BLANDIXG,
Ajrem Sumter County.
Advance Models for
Fall and Winter
?^?MBVMHMVMi Mv-jrjnMMMmyM __
IN ALL Vi f-EW FABRICS JRE SOW READY F?R
Ladies' and Misses' Coat Suits. Coat i.
Skirts and Dresses in newest and ex?
Ranging in Price from S5 to 850.
New Shipments Coming in I lily.