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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 02, 1912, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1912-11-02/ed-1/seq-2/

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ffyl MSAsSgtw ?4 Itc?: -r tj
RcsJIsed Until Country is 51
W HH Genuine Ta..* Rsfor
(LOwet A. FUeae kl pr%*:<' rc
*as A Son. B?eto? vi
\ retail dry focxL
He Is a former pr*
Ahe I' mh?r of comm?rc>
\hmr ' hs Nati nal Council of Comi
<9?0<>'u; tvc 'eraMon. National S
eKr lo**ue. < eland chamber of
pas lad n n t ir of i scors of
rsA ? , -.. ? ons; te ths aut
teas, civic, lttb
Rfc) twm Merchants and BtntMM Mi
of the l
John Wi. m PPOgl to
?ft* New Yerfc H. ild o! t>*i 4**11
for n contlnen * ta tb
of Mr. Tn. ?.
shams and go g|
I eon a try, has no a
gsgtons attention. It hs
nan that those of up
toils is Mr. Wanamak i
aalataken should make k
I attlons and the reasons I
snailf that the buslneaa of th<
wOl be beet served by the I jtlon of
Governor Wilson to the presidency.
There Is every n ason to believe that
are are on the eve of abundant pros
parity, and In my opinion one thing
likely to prevent the setting In of
WLmii a period woulJ be the re-election
of President Taft and the one thing
that would make prosperity moat car
Cain would be the ilection of Governor
WQaon. This opinion la baaed upon
any belief that tor the business world
earthing else Is so Important as sta
: jfcfcbillty Is Impossible with Mr. Taft
as president; there has been no feeling
of stability during his administration.
It la not that the president Is a dts
of conditions or that hs Is not
sufficiently careful of the, business in
Ingests of the country- Tne absence
?* any feeling of stability during the
?/nit administration has been and Is
#me tn a widespread belief that there
gre cert sin reforms which the great
testy of people want and that ths gen
ami fearing of unrest will not maujrt
tjtty lessen until these reforms are ac
President Tsft's re-election would ?
nol crests any feeling of ggsssjgj:?
JBSU there would be s BAtlsfaorr, B>
jgtton of the tariff question liy n is
lefactpry m httloii i rn^a i * rernovu] of
U*^ ..... w? ? I ?
\fc ? r. ;> apart from u n veto < f 'ar
tsT legislation th. -n . ? hstf thai -
ggwsldciit signed the Paym- AMrl. ?.
.nnrtff and )?trr tester if] tlsal
wgs tu? if*m%, ta*ltf liiii ever writ sg
has made It Impossible for the public
to have any considerable confidence
that they may si pect real relief from
Roosevelt's Record.
Upon this matter Mr Roosevelt's >
record Is not much better then that
of Mr. Taft, nor Is his present Posi?
tion on the tariff much more promts
Ing tbsu that of the president. The
agitation for reform began while Pros?
it McKinley was still In office and
then reached such proportions
the country in general approved
of the advanced position McKinley
took In bis Buffalo speech. It in
cressi d steadily during the seven and <
a half years In which Roosevelt was
president, hot he made no attempt to
give the people sny relief from tariff
exactions. He does not now offer any
de Unite tariff program. These things ,
me to believe thst his election
\ like the re-election of Taft, would
in four years more of tariff aglta
With Wllaou elected one may rea
ibly eipect a satlsfsctory solution
of the tariff question. His expres?
sions on this matter sbow s full con?
ception of the country wide demand
for tariff reform, s thorough knowl- |
edge of the ways In which tariff laws
are made and a determination to se
eore an promptly u? possible the much
needed legislation At the same time
Governor Wilson has Hhown that he
recognises ss a fact the Intimate re?
lation ggggg tariff has been made to
have to the utructure of business In
this country and that be would keep
this fact in mind in handling tariff
Ooveroor Wilsons election would
mean u?<l would be taken by the
soontry st Urge to mean that we
wocld have very early In his adtnln
tstrstion s revision of the tariff which
would give the country the relief it is
demanding and which st the same
tlroe would be made carefully and
with i view to preventing business
t'ntll this Is done, or at least until
BAOJBU7J hp 1^ sure that It Is to be
th*re cannot be that stability
which Is so necesMary to the fullest
grveiopro nt of an ers of pronperlty.
Truth About Prosperity.
i gftslnlj Ihn facts do not warrant
Sir Vs an?m*kcr * BOSSStUSeOS that a
Itepuhlirai admlnlHtration lOBOrOg
prosperity and that the periods of
trade d?'prenHlon whlek the country
has seen fron. Moo |g ttn.o have bOOB
sue la DssBoerntle birirr wvisloo
Mr Wsnamaker I Bgplm\ Is based
tsssjstj as the taeorj thai Pagan
rrs'o tariff revision *an respoie
ntbb- tor ?h? hard It BASS of
j !v f~.ee Sf ?h? fnetH no an
foodrow Wilson's Message
Sea Girt, 19. J., Oct. 19, 1912,
To the Voters of Airerloa:
1 aa glad to have an opportunity to state very
? Imply bud directly vhy I aa seeking to be ?loot?
ed President of the United States. I feel very
deeply that this Is not an ambition a man should
entert Un for hia own aalte. He must seek to
serve a oause, and must know very clearly what
oauae it is ha la seeking to serve.
The oauss I am enlisted la lies very plain
to my cwn view: The Government of the United
States, aa now bound by the policies which havo
become oharactsrlstio of Republican administra?
tion in recent years,, is not free to serve the
whole people impartially, and it ought to be Bet
free. It has been tied up, whether deliberately
or merely by unintentional development, with
particular interests, which have used their pow?
er, both to control the government and to con?
trol the industrial development of the country.
It must be freed from such entanglements nnd al?
liances. Until it is freed, it cannot serve the
people es a whole. Until it is freed, it onnnot
undertake any programme of social and economlo
betterment, but must be ohecked and thwarted at
?very turn by its patrons and masters.'
In practically every speech that I make, I
put ot the front of what I have to say the ques?
tion of the tariff end the question of the trusts,
but not beoauae of any thought of party strategy,
bsoause I believe the solution of these ques?
tions to lie at the very heart of the bigger
'question, whether the government shall be free
or not. The government is not free because it
has granted special favors to particular olasses
by msans of the tariff. The men to whom these
apeolal favors have been granted havo formed
great combinations by vhioh to control enter*
prise and determine the prioes of commodities.
They could not have done this had it not bean for
the tariff. No party, therefore, vhioh doss not
propose to taxs away these special favors and
prevent monopoly absolutely in ths markets qf the
country sees even so much as the most elementary
part of ths method by vhioh the government is
to be set free.
The control to vhioh tariff legislation has
led, both in the field of polltios and in the
field of business, is what has produced the most
odious feature of our present political situa?
tion, namely, the absolute domination of power?
ful bosses. Bosses oannot exist without busi?
ness alllanoes. With theo polltios Is hardly
distinguishable from business. Bosses maintain
their oontrol because they are allied with men
vho vlsh their assistance in order to get con?
tracts,, in order to obtain spsoial legislative
advantages, in order to prevent jeforme which
will interfere Vith monopoly er with their en?
joyment of ?peolal exemptions. Merely as polit?
ical leaders, not booked by money, not supported
by'securely Intrenched special Interests, bosses
would be entirely manageable and comparatively
power lees. By free ins the government, there?
fore, vs at tha same time break the power of the
boas. He trades, he does not govern. He ar?
ranges, he does not lead. He sets the stage for
?hat the people are to do j ha does not eot as
thsir agent or servant, but an their director.
For hin the real business of politics is done
under cover.
The same means that will act ths government
free from the Influences which nov constantly
to the American People
oontrol it would set industry free. Tl.e enter?
prise and initiative of all Americans would bs
substituted for the enterprise and initiative
of a small group of them. Ejonomic democracy
would take the place of monopoly and selfish
management. American industry would have a nev
buoyancy of hope, a new energy, a new variety*
With the restoration of freedom would come the
restoration of opportunity.
Moreover, an administration would at last be
set up in Washington, and a legislative regime,
under which real programmes of social better?
ment could be undertaken as they cannot now.
The government might be serviceable for many
things. It might assist in a hundred ways to
safeguard the lives and the health and promote
the comfort and the happiness of the people ; but
it can do these*things only if its actions be
distinterested, only if they respond to publio
opinion, only if those who lead government see
the country as a whole, feel a deep thrill of
intimate sympathy with every cldss and every in?
terest in it, know how to hold an even hand and
listen to men of every sort and quality and
origin, in taking counsel what is to*be done.
Interest must not fight against interest. There
must be a common understanding and a free ac?
tion all together.
The reason that I feel Justified in appeal?
ing to the voters of this country to support the
Democratic party at thi3 critical Juncture in
its affairs is that the leaders of neither of
the other parties propose to attack the problem
of a free government at its heart. Neither pro?
poses to make a fuhdamental change in the policy
of the government with regard to tariff duties*
It is with both of them in respect of the tariff
merely a question of more or les3, merely a ques?
tion of lopping off a little here and amending
a little there; vhile with the Democrats it is
a question of principle. Their object is to out
every apeolal favor out, and cut it out Just as
fast as it can be out out without upsetting the
business processes of tho country. Neither does
either of the other parties propose seriously te
disturb the Bupremaoy of the trusts. Their only
remedy is to aooept the trusts and regulate
them, notwithstanding the fact that most of ths
trusts are so constructed as to insure high
prioes, because they are not based upon effici?
ency but upon monopoly. Their success lies in
control. The competition of more effioient com?
petitors, not loaded down by the debts created
when the combinations vere made, vould embarrass
end conquer them. Th8 Trusts vant the protest ion
of the government,.and are likely to get it if
either the Republican or the so-called 1 'Progres?
ses' 1 party prevails.
Surely this la.a cause. Surely ths questions
of the pending election, looked at from this
point of viev, rise into a cause. They are not
merely the debates of a casual party oontest.
They are the issues of life and death to a na?
tion which must bs free in order to be strong.
What will patriotic men do?
tbortty, bvwevef tiaUM>ot, tai. reason?
ably ask that as icoepl the theory.
Now iggori .r l (a I ie panic
which was coiuiD'M.iy known as that
of ISN might vc property h;ive been i
- r.o?u mm that of 1800 or 1891, because
vas under the McKinley tariff bill, j
Ich became a law on Oct. 6, 1890.
t the first signs of this disturbance !
, .wared.
)l Nov. 17, 1890, Barker Bros.,
bankers, of Philadelphia, suspended
with liabilities of $5,000,000, and the {
clearing houses of both New York and
Boston voted their certificates to
banks In need of assistance. There
wem other big suspensions and fail?
ures In this year and the next
In 1892, while the country was still
under the Republican administration
and a Republican tariff law, strike aft- '
er strike broke out as a result of the .
worklngmen's attempt to resist reduc?
tions in wages, and these strikes cul- !
mlnsted in the great Homestead
strike and riot. In other words, the
panic of 1893 was well under way ,
when Cleveland came into office
Under the same tariff law in 1893
there were more than 15,000 failures
In the United .States, involving losses
amounting to $34C.O<)0.000.
On the other hand, after the Dem- |
ocratlc revision bad gone Into effect In j
1894 the number of failures fell to j
1S.0O0, and the amount involved fell I
to $173.000.000, or less than half. In
1895 the number of failures was near?
ly 1,000 less, and the amount Involved
remained about half. There wore more
failures than this In 1911 under Taft
Mr. Wann maker Is silent regarding
the Republlean panics of 1873 and
In view of the facts, then, is Mr
Wanamaker Justified in his appeal?
IX) not the facts prove quite the op?
posite of his contention?
There Is another matter, In my opln
Ion very Important, for us as business
men to ke*?p in mind, and that is the
bearing of the cmnlng election upon
the development of a better basis o'
credit. The Republican tariff and Re
publban policies h?v?? fostered gres'
concentrations of capital In monopo
lies and trusts
1'pon this great question also Oov
ernor Wilson Is entitled to our sup
port. Mr. Roosevelt favor* Uih recog?
nition of monopolies gg Inevitable, and
this Is logical, as ho favors a con
trotted oontinnatior. of the conditions
under which th??y have developed Mr
Taft is against monopoly, but he 1h for
a continuation of th?? laws whieh have
brought them Into being Oovornnr
Wilson, alons of thi sendldatee, has
tak^-n a ronslHtent position for the
pieesifatlOB Of ths Individual In tho
business world, he stone of th?? oendl
datas If pledged to legislation which
win previ tit such "nanetal eonfeder
nolei as now oontrol the buslneas and
eredli ol the nation
Therefore, feeing oonvinoed thai
pros perlt) noa ewatta onlj stable run
dltlons and a proper basis of credit,
! am firmly of the opinion thai we, as
'boslneee men. should work and rots
for Governor Wilson
I *;i>\\ Alt!) A riLENK
It Costs S5.50 For Week's Nec?
essaries; $4 In 1904.
The housekeeper and th wage earn?
er can eee at a glance from these fig
urea what the "high cost of living"
means under a monopoly tariff:
nil 11
l?r P
2=3-5 : p
. ! 2
c < 9
1904. 1912. I 1912
liutttr .2*c 37c 2 Iba. 80.54 $0.74
Ijird .12o 15c Hlb. .00 .OS
offee .17c 3<)c 1V4j Iba. .25 .45
Tea .(tic 5oe 1 lb. .50 .50
Ekk-h .2!>c 50c 8 doa. .87 1.5<>
Su*ar .06?4c 06V?c 6 lbs. .2S .2.S
?hee-.?e .14c 20c 1 lb. .14 .2?
l'ruiiv? .f*c 12c 1 lb. .OS 12
Floui .(flVvc "T^c 7 11)8. .24 .2?
f'otatrxM ...."VV 860 1 pk. .SO .35
^r.dnah .10c lie 1 lb. .10 .14
Milk .08c 11c 8 Qta. .64 .88
84.00 85.50
11904 figures from United States bureau
or labor. 1912 quotations from Averaging
current prices of a score of retail stores. 1
Can Btrict oconomy reuuoe the quan?
tity of theee staple articles required
for a family of five who wi?h to main
tain the boasted "American standard
of living?" \jpt the high protection?
ists try to do with less if they will.
Hut let them rellect that it la cost?
ing them $1.50 a week more than It
did eight years ago for $4 worth of
rw'cessarles for the table?37Mr P?r
cent increaae in the span of two pres?
idential terms of Republican "proaper
Have YOUR wages, Mr. Voter, kept
pace with this advance?
Do YOU soe any reason for paying
a tariff tax of 3T> per cent on egga or
2.1 per cent on bexif or G3 per cent on
Pood food alone?coats the aver?
age family now 42Ms per cent of the
total family Bgpenns.
The average coat of food per family
In the United States Iuih risen aa fol?
19<v> .8814
foot . :<47
19T2 . 4S5
President Tuft vetoed bills reducing
the tariff on all such necessaries of
A rots for Wood row Wilson la a
vote to injure an hones! revision of
the tariff and a reduction ??f your gro?
cer bills
The whole business of politics is tr
brhiK classei together upon ;i com mo i
platform <?f accommodation and com
mon Interest Wood row Wilson
Here are the closing words of
Wood row Wilson's address
which brought to their feet the
great audience in Carnegie hall.
New York, on the night of Oc?
tober 19:
It Is not merely a matter of
candidates I should b? abashed
if I supposed that it was a mat?
ter of the wisdom or the discre?
tion of individuals. I do not be?
lieve In government that de?
pends upon the ability and dis?
cretion of a few Individuals.
If I am fit to ho a president it
Is only because I understand
you. [Applause ] And if I do
not understand you I am not fit.
If I am not expressing in this
speech tonight the aspirations
uimj the convictions of the men
who sit before me I beg that
& they will not vote for me. I IX)
'?? I rejoice to sav that as I wait*
<*> ed for your grarlous applause to
4* cease I realized that in that sen
w tence I summed my whole phl
??> losophy and my whole desire <i>
# I thank you for your attention.
[from the New York Times. Ort. 23 1
Gov. Wilson has not joined the
Knights of Columbus. Gov. Wlleon
will not join the Knights of Columbus,
Even If he wished to join that organi?
zation ho could not He is not eligible.
We say this for the information ?Jid
comfort of Thomar. E. Watson, of At?
lanta. Ga. In its iB.-ue of Oct. 13 the
Times said that Gov. Wilson joined
the New York chapter of the Knights
of Columbus at dli icr in celebration
of Columbia day on Saturday eve?
ning. Joining the Knights at a dinner
commemorating the discovery of
America is not exactly tho same
thing as entering the membership of
the organization. If Mr. Watson of
Atlanta, being invUed to dine at a
friend's house, should linger with the
gentlemen at the dinner table for
cigars and conversation, he might
thereafter Join the ladles, but that
! would not make him one of them.
' Yet Mr. Watson, totally misunder
i standing and misinterpreting the re?
port of the Columbus day dinner, per
, mitted himself to he scared quite out
of his wits at the notion that Uov.
Wilson had become u Knight of Co?
lumbus, with all that that lmp?les,
and he thereupon made the Important
announcement that hecould no longer
support the governor*! candidacy. We
hope he will be reassured, be calmed,
soothed and quieted When he learns
that his worst fe;ir? cannot be real?
ized We suppose that It 1h only In
wholly pagan countries that political
campaign! are fr??' from fhrn?' tittle
Nothing is more unfortunate, i oth
inK Is im>r?' unwarranted lhan to thins
of politics a1- a contest <<t classed as
made up ??f Interests In competition
with oue nnothi r and In h?>t opposition
to one snotlt t Wi < drov Wilson
"I Wonder Why?
Don't you ever hear people say thai
when rhny are constantly reminded
that they can't afford tin.-- <>r that !!<?
Nino times out of ten the r? I son If
that they never learned the saving
habit; funny too, Isn't it, whe n it >
such an easy habit to acquire. Ju^t
put a dollar ?.r so a week in the hank,
and watch how it grows.
Come and try it at this bank, and
you won't have to "wonder why."
The Peoples' Bank.
Embrace the Opportunity and
Become a Winner.
The Hind-Sighted Man never sees
an OPPORTUNITY until it. is past.
The Farmers' Bank & Trusl:
Equipment and Service.
The man or woman who patronizes a bank, whether de?
positing money in a savings or checking accor ?t, appreciates
prompt service. To render prompt servi e the bank must
have complete equipment. It is because of its modern equip?
ment and efficient service that this bank is constantly enjoy?
ing a steady growth in the number of its patrons. Your ac?
count is invited?checking or savings, 4 per cent interest,
compounded qarterly, being paid en savings.
The Bank of Sumter
Money spent on t , -
Investment and one
daily returns.
Money the Med ism of Exchange. .
is only good eo far as it gives a*
the things which contribute to our
health, comfort and happinees.
When Spent on the Teeth it brings
Us all Three of the Above.
The Sumter Dental Farlors are de?
voting their life work to the care of
the teeth, let them look your mouth,
Sumter Dental Parlors,
Ask For the
Manufactured By
Witherspoon Bros. Shoe Mfg. Co.
Sold by all RESPONSIBLE merchants.
Buy them and cut your Shoe bill 25 per cent.
Satisfaction guaranteed.
We ;ir?' prepared t.. furnish this product at prices that will enable
every farmer to use it \n ?? have a very low price this > < <r and
nothing will do your land nu>r.- good, especially run down Is Is,
or l- m and ?in land, it Is necessary for sll leguminous crop*
such as Alfslfa, clover, vetch, peas, etc, Oet our prices in ear
In smaller quantities. Samples on request.

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