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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 04, 1913, Image 1

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(Sl)t t?ntcl)m?n and Soutljron.
MM M MTKH ? \l? KM \V RMSMMMd April 1830. - H.- .lust Md IViir not?! <? ull the cikIs Thou Aims-! nt be thy Country's, Thy God's and Truth'*." THE TKUE SOCTHltON. Established June, 1IM
Consolidated Aug. 3.1881. SUMTER, S. C, SATURDAY. JANUARY 4. 1013. Vol. XXXV. No. 38^"
Ml"< Ks WM?MM>\\ \rTKK
Hwvere I? Some litwtanorM Chimneys
Are Caianed to Topple and Vase*
Fail Worn M ante**?-Shock of Short
Colt mbl*. Jan. S.?An earthquake,
la some laatancea severe enough fco
?hake down chimneys and breuk vases.
OOOurred in many parts of 801.th Car?
olina between 1 and 1 o'clocs yester?
day afternoon The shock was quite
general, being- felt throughout, most
?f the State. The earthquake was
especially severe In the Piedmont sec?
tion, although it was felt in other pans
of the State la a less*,, degree.
At Oaffney chimneys were caused
to topple and at Tnlon chimneys fell.
At Greenville the shock proved severe
enough to cause \^aea to crash from
snaasshv The shock at Chester was
sufficient to move the linotype ma
Chine |r? the office of The Lantern.
Th< ?arthquake visited Kdgefield
and caused old residents to think of
the 1 hock of 1888
Mo ser..*ua damage is reported from
the quake. In almost all the communi?
ties visited the cltisena were greatly
alarmed during the few seconds the
reeking and rolling of the earth
went on.
suvvim: \r < hi sti it
Li*v'4jpr? Machine ts Moved by the
Cheater. Jan. 1.?A number of peo?
ple were alarmed here this afternoon
when two sharp and very dlatlnct
?arthquake ?hock* were perceptibly
felt A number of residences were
shaken and arc Idea moved about In
The Lantern's mechanical depart
?aeat the heavy linotype machine was
Slightly moved. The shock was like?
wise felt at Lowryvllle. nine miles
from here. The first shock came at
1.11 and the second at 2 o'clock, last
lag snore than a few seconds. No
damage was rei.irt*d.
I'M* AT 1 M .? 1 1.1?.
VHkwtu* Arc Itcmimhsd of Slunk of
?igt field, Jan. 1.?About 1.30
e/oJoek this afternoon an earthquake
waa felt h?re very perceptibly. The
Shock we* preceded by a tour or
rumbling but it was impossible to tell
from what direction the sound 1 in,.
The vibration or shock was of suffi?
cient duration to be suggestive of the
earthquake of 118?.
MioitT Hl I si \ KHK.
Karthqoakr Pay* VW; to Kock Hill
Yestcrda y \ ftcrnoon.
Rock Hill. Jan. 1 ?Rock Hill start?
ed off the New Tear with a genuine
earthquake, a severe shock occurring
he.e this afternoon about 1.32 o'clock,
lasting about five seconds. The vi?
brations were very distinct, In the di?
rection of east to west In many
homes the effect Was very noticeable
In the swaying of the electric light fix
si \ 1 it 1 \ 1 <. \n \i^
Pari? ..f ? lilmn. >- It*- k und l all
s.'hk k Last* Ten Second*.
1, f*n. v. Jin 1 i'?uffnc> wax \isii
ed thin afternoon at 1.18 o'clock by
a severe earthquake. Udldings shook
and In some parts of the city parts of
chimney* fell. The shock lasted fur
about ten seconds Ilcports from
Hlacksburg und other sections of the
country indicate that the ?hock whs
also very severe, but no serious d.im?
age Is reported In any part of the
spun v\n 1 1 1 1 \1.\1iMi 1?
Ku?h Into street* Wlcr tin- She* k
Wm Ml
Spurtanburg, Jan 1.?A severe
? trthuuuke HboeU wus felt here at
1.28 thl* nft?rnoon Many buttdlngl
In the tonn trOSnOtOO1 from founda?
tion to roof, causing hurulreds of per?
sons to rush Into the street*. The
trenw.r* lusted several second*. I ut no
damage was reported.
I N I' ? N Is \| \HMl I?
p ,i Kn bl roni ll.oi-e ut - lm< U
4 hlmiH )- Ihinuigcd.
I'rdon. J in. 1.?a twvere i erthquaks
shock wii . * i" rlen? cd here tod Q
|fous< a ' idlv sb iken hi lofio
Instances ? himney* were shak* n down
md people rUOhed '''it of doors In
alarm The \.??rations lusted for sev?
eral seconds, und were the b?rdest
< Lorn \( ( oi nts pan itn with
Twelvemonth Huh Seen Oo\eminent
Recoup ik-Holt of $21,?97,000 and
Sut>Mitutc Surplus of $2,000,000.
Washington. Dec. 29.?Uncle Sam
today closed his accounts for the year
1912 with plenty of money In his
vaults and a balance sheet of receipts
and expenditures that bespoke the
prosperity of the nation.
For the first half of the current
fiscal year, ending today, disburse?
ments exceeded receipts by $2,000,000
to $3,000,000. according to estimates
of treasury officials, the exact figures
for December I] not being available.
The deficit a year ago, on the other
hand, was over $21,397,000.
This Improvement over last y*ar is
due to the increase in customs and in?
ternal revenue during the past six
months. Receipts from all sources
from July to December were au
pioximately $353,000,000, or more
than $23,000,000 greater than during
the corresponding period of 1911.
The aggregate expenditures of the
six months ending today were about
$356,000,000. This was narly $5,
000,000 greater than for the same pe?
riod last year, owing to army and
pension increases.
The general fund of the government
contained upwards of $140,000,000,
while a year ago It held only $126,
926,000. The working balance of
the treasury, which Is the actual cash
in Uncle Sam's pocketbook, today
amounted to about $88,000,000. The
year 1911 closed with a working bal?
ance of $71,475,000. The treasury
holds about $1,253,665,000 in gold
This includes $150,000,000 In the re
serv fund, the greater part of the
remainder being represented by gold
eertlflcates In circulation.
Amount S|KMit In Campaign Again-i
<-rcat White Hague in 1012 Was
STOUtf) ?I4.OOO.00O.
New York. Jan 1. - Mmost $19.
OOo.noo was spent In the anti-tuber
I ulosis c? unpaign in the United gtSlSi
an increase of nearly $4,500,000 or
29 pgf cent over 1911. These figures
an- given in the fourth annual sta?
tistical statement oi expenditures in
this movement issued today by the
National Association for the Study
ami Prevention of Tuberouloeis. <>t
this year's expenditures ?;.",.?; per cent
came from fOdOfeJ, State, count) or
municipal funds.
Neu York heads the list of States
with a total expenditure of $5,162,
316; Pennslyvanla standing second
with IM1MST. Maeeaehusetti is
third with $1,407.319. and Colorado
fourth with $1,105,520. Only $35,000
of Colorado's expenditures wis of
pnhUe funds.
\ia- - u bos. its- pybiv money oontrl
buttons wer? over $1,000,000; Penn
inia's more than $1,500,000, and
Kee Yorks nearly $4,000.000. Illi?
nois, the tirth State, spent a total
of $930.370, of which $111,011 was
public money,
The insurant, department of South
Carolina has OOlleOted and turned
over to ih?- State treasuror $177,
109.II, i 'ling to a letter from
1' H M-.Master, Insurance commis
tioner, tranamltting his annual re?
port le the g? n ral as .-mbly. Tie tO?
t il amount collected by the depart?
ment last v?ar was $165,000.
felt lo re sin e Ism",.
m.h.Iir at URKEXVILLE.
Vases Ire Thrown Proes Mantels in
Several Beatdeneea.
? ; senvllle, Jar. i.?a slight earth
Hal ?? eras felt aere today at 1.1$ p.
m. in several renldencei vases were
thrown from mantels. No damage ol
? oneequi nee is reported.
in Anderson?
Anderson. Ji?n. 1.- A slight earth
ojuake weg fs t in every esotlon of An?
derson County 'Ids afternoon about
|,$$ o loek. So demags was re
l>oi ted
\t < harlotte,
Charlotte, v. C, Jan i A distinct
earthquake ihoeti was f< p here at
I.Si this afternoon. The vibrations
were froni east lo eresl and tasted
about three seconds, No damage has
been H ported
\\ Urcenshnro,
Qreensbof'. Jan I. \ distinct
sarthojuake shock was fell here .'it
i.:.<? this aftrnoon. No damage or
fatalities were reported*
Hut Hold Out fur Retention of Adriun
opto with Adjacent Territory und
Aegean Islands?Wunt Powers to
Settle Albunlaii und Cretan Ques?
London, Jan. 1.?After their pro?
tracted diplomatic .skirmishing the
Turks finally Capitulated to a mu
jority of the demands of the Balken
allies at today's session of the peace
conference in St. James' palace. They
agreed to cede practically the whole
of the Ottoman empire's European do?
minions except Adrianople and the
territory between it and Constanti?
nople to their victorious foes.
The terms the Turkish delegates
presented to the conference, as a
counter proposal to the demands of
the ullles, were:
The rectification of the Turko-Bul
garian frontier by making the boun?
dary weet of the line now occupied by
the tioops of the allies in the vilayet
of Adrianople.
The question of the status of Ad?
rianople to be settled by Turkey and
lulgaria direct.
The cession of the remainder of
European Turkey, including Janina
and Scutari, to the allies.
The Albaninn end Cretan questions
to be solved by the powers.
The Aegean islands to remain Tur?
The announcement Of these terms
was wrung from the Ottoman dele?
gates with the greatest difficulty. They
came only after Rechad Pasha has re
Iterated Turkey*! desire to shift re?
sponsibility foi adjudicating all the
vital QUtStiOnI to the great powers
and the representatives of the allies
had registered their unchangeable ob?
jections to such a course and had
given the Turks plainly to understand
that the failure of the Ottoman dele?
gates to embark upon serious nego?
tiations would mean a resumption of
Today's sitting was the most mo?
mentous and exciting since the be?
ginning of the confer, rv . Tl- ? Oj< ?
premier, M. Veneeeloe, presided and
invited Keehad Pasha to present the
Turkish counter proposals as the
t irks last Monday had agreed to do.
Etechad said his Interpretation of
the badly transmitted telegrams of
the early week h;id been correct.
I His government proposed to submit
all questions at Issue, except Adrian
1 opie. to settlement by the powers.
This caused an outburst of indigna?
tion which M. Veneselos was hardly
' able to put down. Several of the del?
egate* shouted that it was not dig?
nified to turn such vital matters into
a joke, while others observed that
they had not come all the way to
London and remained lone for three
weeks to hear a proposition advanced
which might have made at the time
the armistice was signed.
When relative Calm was restored
M. Venezelos. Or. S. Danen?, leader
of the Bulgarian delegates, If. Nov
akovitch, Servian, and M. Miyus
kovltohi Montenegrin, ?ach for their
respective countries, declared they
would not a?.pt the proposed media?
tion by the poweri and insisted that
the Turkish ?b legati I present prac?
tical ami definite proposal.
keehad then announced that his
Instructions contained another alter?
native ami requested time to formulate
it. After a Short recess Reohad
stated that Turkey, desiring to give
tangible proof of her love Tor peace,
in deference t" advices received from
the powers, was ready to make the
maximum of possible concessions to
the allies by granting rectification
of the frontiers, ceding tin- territories
westward of the lino occupied by the
allies in the vilayet of Adrianople
to them.
\l. Daneff said it would be impos?
sible for Bulgarin to renounce her
claim to possession of Adrianople ami
he could not accept such an indefinit??
M. Veneselos .?-aid tin- proposal < f
Turkey must declare explicitly that
the question of Adrianople must be
settled Independently later. lie add?
ed that the proposed compromise
should even include territory not yet
occupied by the allies, citing as an
Instance Janina, M< Miyuskovltch
made a similar claim on behalf of
Montenegro com < rnlng Scutari.
Reched then said the t ra nslai on
of ids communication had not been
t.in bed but tint the Urs! pal I or it
naturalD mean! th? cession <>\ Ja
nln I .i nd Scutari. He add'd t hat
the question of Albania and < 'rct?
should be solved by the poweri wh<
already had taken up the matter
Several delegates then asserted ttv.i
this meant Turkey'H renunciation u
both Albania and Crete, but Kechad
replied that his instructions did not
extend to that. M. Novakovitch ob?
served that, the Turkish statement did
i not lend itself to any other inter
! pretation, the allies taking it in that
Hechad continuing his enumeration
1 of the Turkish proposals, added that
the Aegean islands should remain with
Turkey. To this M. Venezelos pro?
tested in the name of Greece and also
on behalf of the other allies. Finally
Rechad ended the reading of "his
communication by proposing that
Turky and Bulgaria treat direct con
I cerning Adrianople.
M. Daneff immediately declared it
wou|d be impossible to accept this
proposition saying "the Balkan states
were united en bloc to obtain their in?
dependence; en bloc they conducted
the war and en bloc they intended to
carry on the negotiations and con- J
dude peace on all large or small QUO*- .
tions that may arise."
Rechad then inquired whether the
.illies were ready to discuss peace on
the basis of the Turkish proposals of
today. If. Venezelos replied that he
desired Rechad to put in writing and j
1 deliver to the allies the text of hla j
I propositions so they might return a
written answer.
Thereupon the sitting was sus?
pended. When it was again resumed
Rechad complied with the request of
M. Venezelos and was given the writ?
ten reply of the allies. This, said the j
allies, would maintain their original
terms* but for the sake of d<s? jssion ,
they will invite Rechad to present to
the next sitting of the conference a
map of the district of Adrianople ,
With the frontier line proposed by J
Turkey marked out on it. The con- ,
fereniDC then adjourned until Friday, j
Thus the bone of contention is Ad?
rianople. The Bulgarians are ready to
allow the Turks to retain in Adrian- j
ople the famous mosque of the Sul?
tan Eelim, the greatest m sterpiece of
Ottoman architecture. They also are
willing that the Turks shall keep the
Muradieh, which was built by Murad
1; the Mosque of Murad IV and the
Bay rd Mosque, which are the main
centres in Adrianople for Muhamma
the Balkan allies and the Turk
da vi vfc. rshipt v - - ?r "?"***'*
The peace conferenc - between
ish empire settled down to real
business this afternoon, in spite
of a temporary hitch caused by
Michael Madajaroff, one of the Bul?
garian delegates, departing in Indig?
nation from the meeting .with the de?
clared intention of informing the
British foreign office that the war
would be resumed by the allies.
The Turkish envoy.--, when the con?
ference gathered again later, present
ed in writing new proposals, which
are a great advance on thei. first of?
fer. They now express themselves
as ready to cede absolutely Mace?
donia and Epirus with Saloniki and '
are ready to discuss the question of
the fortress of Adrianople and the j
boundary between Bulgaria and Tur- (
key in the province of Thrace.
They still refuse to give up the isl- i
anda in the Aegean sea and desire to
submit the questions of Albania and
Crete to the European powers.
The conference lasted three hours '
and a half and the delegates then ad?
journed until Friday.
Winthrop. (Iciiixmi. Carolina and
Other Students Leave City to Re?
sume Work.
The holidays for tin- college stu?
dents, or at least for many of them,
ended Thursday. In the morning the
passenger station was crowded with
the Btudentes waiting to board the
trains which took them back to work
and five months of college life, during
which they had small chance of see?
ing their hom? folks and friends, whom
they were having. The homefolks
and friends were also at the station
in large numbers to see the students
off and to wish them success during
their work in the to w- year.
The students at Winthrop College,
Converse College, CLcmson College,
DavldBon College, University of South
Carolina, Greenville Female College,
Wofford College, and various other
colleges and schools throughout the
State Wele [UnODg tltOBC WllO left
Mad \nil Amputated.
Lincoln Taylor, colored, the negro
who had h:< arm severely bitten bs
a mule several days ago, was In the
city Wodm sday to h ive his arm am?
putated, this being nect wary as the
,!. ih had begun to mortify where ih.
mule's teeth bad la? erat? d it.
The negro has been In great pain
ulncc the wound w;|s Inflicted and the
amputation relieved him of much of
his suffering
Attempt To Oust "React! >nar>"
Democrats From Chulrnsnn&ltlpe
Will Re Hotly Resented.
Washington, Dec. 31.?The first real
cloud that "has yet lowered above the
victorious Democratic party since the
election, threatening its harmony
program, has come in the form of an
attack upon the seniority plan that
gives this Congressman or that Sena?
tor leadership by reason of long com?
mittee service.
At first this assault upon the once
sacred Congressional institution was
not taken any more seriously than
any of the other frights that preceded
it. Not in fact, until the impression
spread abroad that in declaring war
upon seniority leadership William J.
Bryan was expressing President-elect
Wilson's views was genuine concern
Some ot the Staunton utterances of
the next Executive seem to bar out
this idea and whether or not Mr.
Wilson is now prepared to take a hand
in the organization of the Democratic
majorities of the House and Senate the
fact remains that the opponents of the
old system are finding comfort in his
speeches. They like the "warpaint"
suggestions and interpret them to
mean that Governor Wilson will en?
courage any effort to send the "re?
actionaries" to the rear.
These things, coupled with the con?
stant agitation of a group of progres?
sive Senators, seem to give some sol?
id weight to the prospect of a fi^ht in
the Democratic caucus of the Senat..
If the agitation persists and the Pro?
gressives attempt to take from the
older Senators chairmanships which
may be claimed under the seniority
rule a row is as certain to come as the
caucus is held.
If on the other hand, this move 18
not pressed and the compromise which
mis been outlined in The Sun before
is accepted Senate harmony may re
a'aonnnly ass e*p? ted t** last->???? ^i Htw?
extra session is over. After the first
session another story might have to
be told, for then the party platform
pledge as to the tariff will have been
acted upon and the common bund
now holding the elements together re?
There is no doubt that the older
Democratic Senators moan to light
determinedly f??r the posts of leader?
ship which their b?ng service would
Under ordinary circumstances assure
them. This is not as true of the
House as of the upper body and less
friction may be expected in organising
the next House for that reason.
I But in the Senate it is different.
The margin by which the Democrat!
will control will be so narrow that a
very small group of Democratic in?
surgents can control most any situa?
tion. And they would be encouraged
by the Republicans, who are even
now predicting division and subdivi?
sion in the Senate majority.
The power, therefore, that two or
three individual Democrats could
wield in the Senate is so apparent that
Unless compromises are in order the
co-operation <?f that branch of Con?
gress in tin* Democratic program will
be seriously endangered.
The truth is, the senlorltj rule is al?
most certain to prevail in the new
Senate organization. Senator Till man,
for instance, will get a big chairman?
ship; Senator Martin will get another,
Senator Simmons will come in for one
Senator John Walter Smith tor an?
other ami Senator Bacon for his.
This likely for more reasons than
one. in the first place, then,- Senators
will, under the compromise already
submitted to the caucus, yield their
places on other Important eommlttees
than those which they are to head.
They have already conceded this much
in the interest of harmony ami fair
pla y.
in the second place, the Senate is
about the most sensitiv?? legiflatve
bod) in the world, it resents hearti?
ly any Interference in its affairs from
<>utsi?h> sources. This lue-- ever b? en
so. und it is scarcely less true now. In
spitt of the progressive forces in the
tw o old parties. Colonel Bryan might
w ith success assail the seniority poll* j
of tti?? House, but he would not make
as deep an Impression on the s< n
Then too. there is the old-time
"Senatorial courtesy" Idea which must
be combated iu nn> effort to reform
the [Tnited States Senate This polite
proposition has been scornd from
time to time bj individual Senators,
but it Is a matt? r of r< < ord that th< so
sano Senators hav? turned savagely
upon tie courtesies only when they
All Fourth < lass Matter Comes i nder
Parcels p<>*t Lau?Boomslilngi of
the Method of Sending Parcels and
What ran be Handled.
From The Daily Item, Jan. 1.
Despite the fact that Wednesday Is
the first day of the parcels post service
and a holiday, too, the clerks at the
postofflce are already experiecmg
.rouble in handling parcels under
rules laid down in the parce1 ? ..
k v
*aw. Of course, it was expec jfi .at
there would be some cor Jt .1 at
first as is the case neces 4? when
a new rule is instituted ^N iume of
the blunders made h C -le Sam's
pat/ons in sending p ^ this morn
inp are blunders 1 which the
public have beer ,ughly caution?
ed for weeks, a,, which not only
cause confusion in the postofflce, but
also delay the dispatch of the article
intended for forwarding. For in?
stance, one package received at the
office this morning did not contain the
name of the sender, and under the
new rules, must therefore be held un?
til marked with the sender's name.
Several packages were dropped in
the receiving basket with ordinary
stamps on them, and they will go to
the dead letter office, the sender los?
ing, too, the common stamps placed
on the package.
" Postmaster Shore, in speaking of
the new parcels post law this morn?
ing said that all patrons of the post
office should familiarize themselves
I with the details of the new ruling,
and should, above all things, bear in
mind that all fourth class matter, in?
cluding parcels and packages, comes
under the parcels post regulations.
Mr. Shore said further, that it would
be very advantageous to all sending
packages, at least for awhile, to have
them stamped at the stamp window
so that the clerk on duty could see
that they were properly fixed up.
Perishables, it should be remem
fcbe??d. wJU bo h-nll''1 l>uo\;srh t*.~.
parcels post system, but thty must
be so encased that they cannot pos?
sibly injure other postal matter.
Official of Gtiffin. Oa.. Said to Have
1 Shot Himself After Destroying k*m
(IrifTin. (la.. Dec. SI.?After investi?
gation of the city record's by expert
accountants it became known here
today that Thomas Nail, for ?,H years
city treaeurer of Criilin, shot and
'killed himself here November 14 after
having it is alleged, burned practi?
cally all of the records of his office.
I'ntil today it was generally believed
that Nail's death was due to apoplexy.
j The suicide is said to have fol
folwed Mayor J. Henry Smith's de-?
mand for an investigation of books
' of all city officials for the purpose
! of installing a new accounting sys?
statements id the city hall janitor
'and the ? 00k in the Nail home
brought out the allegation that Nail
had been burning books at his olfic*?
>nd home just before the tragedy.
W. Pieken? Calient, 7<? Year* of Age.
Cuts Iii?. Throat?Was Confederate
Lexington, Pec. 31.?News reached
Lexington this afternoon of the sui*
Clde of W. Pickt as Cullum, one of
tin best known men < f BsteshttTg.
Mr Cullum cut his thro;.: with a knife
while at his home He was a Con?
federate soldier having fought
through* ut the War Between the Sec?
tions. For many years he ha 1 been
connected with the large men intile
Arm of I. 1? < ullum C 1.. which firm
's now dissoh 1 g partnership. Mi.
Cullum 1M survived by a number of
>1 Idren, his \? 1. having died mans
years age. He was a brother of L.
iv Cullum, od( of the leading busi?
ness men of this s cth i ? the state.
The deeeawd a assuming
man, and numln ; < : friends by the
score, no burial will probably take
place .it Datei tomorrow.
w < 1 < withheld, never whin they \\' : <.
exti mh d
Itegnrdless ol these fa ts, however,
the more or less constant hammering
v tu? h seniority in mntteVi ol House
and Senate honors r< civil g has
caueed ma n ? I lemo > leaders to
forecast trouble when 11 ? r? rganlra
t ion of the two bodies ctually U es
place 1 "or I tall im< >i e Sun.

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