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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 04, 1913, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1913-01-04/ed-1/seq-6/

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na*, a. dl
A Woman of Intuition.
HI tidings, always n heavy burden,
rer weighed more heavily on any
one than on mo tbat dismal, rainy
Sunday morning, on which I stepped
from the* Sibylla's launch to the atone
water sieps of Cragholt. For two days
we had searched the bsys and inlets,
from Provtncetown to Plymouth and
from Slaaoonaet to Providence; ques?
tioning at every pier and landing
making Inquiry in every town
hamlet; but without a thimbleful
of pre (It for our pains. As that olack
craft, with dlmined lights and muffled
engine*, had eluded our pursuit on
the night of ( ameron's disappearance,
so for forty-eight hours succeeding
she had baffled our quest No one
knew her; no one had seen her.
As for that shaken, frayed, pallid
fisherman. Peter Johnson, he ap?
pealed below, rather than above, sus?
picion If my knowledge of men went
for anything be wss too Inferior both
mentally and physically to be a par?
ticipant In any such plot as was here
Involved. Hn seemed to me woefully
weak and wasted, sod with as little
brains as sinew. So, with enough
ly for a new mast and sail, we
put him and his dory ashore at
our btst landing, and had forthwith
forgotten him.
MacLeod bad been Inclined to con?
tinue the search, but I argued that
any further efforts In tbat direction
vould be only a waste of time. The
craft wo were looking for might have
come from any one of a thousand }
places and returned to any one of a >
thousand more. Some more effective,
general and far-reaching steps must
be taken, I held, and taken quickly, j
Indeed I felt now tbat to keep secret 1
Ions?; the conspiracy, as Indicated in j
those mystic letters, would be little
short of criminal. The aid of the po-1
Hoe and the press must be Invoked at
cne\ and nothing left undone to traoe
the crime to Its source.
Bu* my first and most onerous task
was to acquaint Evelyn Gray son with
the facts ss I knew them. How I
shrank from that duty is beyond any?
thing I can put Into words. I know
it would have been far easier for mo
to have carried her definite news of
her uncle's death. What I had to
tell waa horrible in Its stsrk obscurity.
And yet. If I could have foreseen Juft
what wss to follow, I might have
a pa red myself a goodly shsre of dls-,
tress. I
I Imagined I knew Evelyn Orayson,
before this. I thought I had sounded
the profundities of her fortitude end
courage on the night that I spread be?
fore her and read with her that third
and last letter. Hut my fancy did her .
an Injustice. 8hn was even more of
n woman than I dreamed.
Recently 1 chanced upon these lines
by Thomas Dunn English, which must
have been Inspired by such a one as
go much fs clear.
Though little dana^ra they may fear,
When greater peiila man environ.
Th?n woman show a front of Iron,
And. gentl*? In their manner, they
Do hold things In a quiet way.
Evelyn Orayson did a bold thing In
a quiet way that morning. I have not
yet forgotten bow marble white she
was. and yet how bravely she came,
with springing step and lifted chin
and fearless eyes. I bad waited her
coming in the music room, with Its
score of reminders of happy evenings
In which he had participated. The
chair he usually chose, in the corner,
near the* great bow window against
which tbe east wind was now driving
the rain in gusty splaahes, took on a
pathos which moved me to weakness.
The Haulelulre lyric, spread open
paged upon the music rack of tbe pi?
ano, stirred memories scarcely less
harrowing A photograph, an ash
tray, a paper knife, all commonplace
objects of themselves, but so linked
to him by association, became, sud?
denly, Instruments of emotional tor?
In this environment, und?*r things
Influ^nc*?*, I roaw to meet h**r. wor<t
less. Yet my expression und attitude
must have spoken loudly enough to
confirm tho dread that waa in her
heart, for even before she spoke I wal
sure that she) knew. And then I -
had ?aken my two outstretched hands
In hers and raised her brave eyes to
mine, and low-vob?ed, hut sure and
tremorleas. STUS saying:
"1 feared It, Philip. From the ver>
frst. I fenr?d It."
And when 1 toM h? r all, to the
?malles? detail. It was as th??ugh gfcS
were the man and I the WOsnunj fUfl
the recltsl had bang fttf ges a \?ry
painful angef?gt log ( bjj pe, n i r> com?
petence, and - < u< lislon U ft n *
more Reffeejajf un -rung than tit . r \
time iftncn the night of the
sjsassftfgnjshc? Wtti vihul heroic fortt
till!-- ? ' ? \ '!(?? ;,arta'i\e ?na;, b !
be Indna'ed bf tho ?tgtemenl tin*
throughout it .ri lbs tut ealml) ?ttes>
tlve, hut aUjoni it toning, and with no
sign or emotion Deyona nor continued
pallor and a recurrent tensing of her
email white hands. At the end 1
U med forward and with left elbow on
knee rested my forehend in my palm.
8he sat beside me on the same settee;
and now she drew closer, and laying
her cool right hand over my own dis?
engaged one, began stroking my hair
with her left. For a full minute sh?
said norhlng. Then, In soothing ac?
"I am glad you dWn't Und the boat.
That means he Is on it. If you had
found It, It would have been some or
dlnary thing having no connection
with this affair, whatever."
It was odd reasoning, but very fem?
inine, and In an esoteric way, forceful.
"But you made one mistake, Philip,'1
she went on. "You should not hnve
let that fisherman, Peter Johnson, go."
At this I raised my head and regard?
ed her with something like astonish?
"He was one of them," she explained
In a tone of conviction.
"How can you say that?" I asked,
a little nettled. It annoyed me that
she should be so positive, knowing ao
more of the man than that which 1
had told her.
"I feel it," she answered. And that
was all the reason she could give.
I had not expected to find such de*
relopment of Intuition regarding world?
ly matters In one so young, and so
fresh from conventual seclusion. And
then her Judgment seemed to keep
pace with her auguries; for when 1
?poke of inviting the aid of detectives
and the newspapers, she begged me
to consider.
"I am afraid for him," she pursued
gravely. "Publicity might mean death. |
If they discover hey are being sought,
they may murder him. Somehow, I
feel he Is still alive; and so we must
do nothing that will Incite them to
further violence,"
"But," I returned, conscious of the
force of her argument, yet falling tc
eee how this caution could very well
be exercised, "<*<> can't And him with?
out seeking."
"No, but we can seek him in se?
cret The newspapers must not tell
the world."
"The police would of course tell the
newspapers," I added.
**We can do some things, without
the police," was her next assertion.
"There are some things lhat 1 can do;
and there are more that you can do.'
Slid Wal 111 ughtful for a moment, ?. r?
I :i: "I a n so sorry about Peter
Johnson! You should never have iast j
eight of him."
"We gave him money and God |
speed," I reminded her.
"Captain MacLeod must go br.cl: i
there, where you left him. Where '
was it? Slasconset? He must trace
him. His trail won't lead to Glouces
ter, I'm sure of that."
My self-erteem was not being vigor- ,
ously stimulated by the young lady
at this Juncture, 'ndeed. I was being
made to feel more and more my stra?
tegical inferiority. j
"And I," she continued, with the
methodical expediency of a command
er-in-chief, so curiously inapposite in
ose so young and inexperienced as
she: "and I shall find out about those
"Find out what?" I asked in aston?
"Find out what manner of man
wrote them," she amplified.
"Rut how can you?" I inquired.
"That seems a pretty big undertaking
of itself, for one so small." i
"I have thought of a way," she de?
clared, noneommlttally. I
"And what am I to do?" was my
next question, feeling miserably small
beside this efficient child.
"You must give me the letter you
have, and help me look for the oth?
The first part of the command was
easy enough of obedience; for the
letter was in my pocket at the mo-1
ment. But my assistance in searching
for the first two communications was
more energetic than successful. To?
gether we ransacked desks, bureaus,
tables, closets, trunks, clothes. In?
deed, every possible hiding place both
at Cragholt and on the Sibylla was
carefully and systematically delved
into and exhausted without reward.
Either Cameron had destroyed the let?
ters, or he had them on his person
when he vanished from the yacht.
At Evelyn's request, however, 1
wrote copies of those two strangely
couched, malevolent epistles, as ii"ar
ly as I could remember them; and
save, perhaps, for possibly two or
three verbal errors they were, I think,
quite accurate.
"And now," I asked again, "what am
I to do?"
It was nearly midnight, and I was
leaving her, my ear wuiting in the
sopping driveway to carry me home.
"You are not to worry any more
than yon podslbiy enn help," she told
me, with u brave little sn He, "for W?
are folaf to succeed. And tomorrow
you must go to your ohiee, and k? ej
verv, very sile.it about *hat has bap
pened. And then you are to come tc
me again in the evening, and I ail]
tell you i ll I have learned "
With Which she nave mo her hand
to kiss. In the odd little French way
she had?a way lhat could sc;ir< !>
have been ? part of !'er convent t-' Q
As I come to review these matten
now, it seems singular that I .uh!
have so readily conaented lo be guld
?d by this glrl'i will in ? case of stiel:
grave Importance; jrel l cannol but
believe tit* re was something provld? n
tlal both in her assumption <?t' klid< r
ship and in my own unquestioning ac
quiescence, Por 'he da) of ofllct
w ?.i k ;,tul lUenoa- which she enjoined
i ii exactly \\ hat I n< cdV d lo r< Ion
my net t lo tlelr normal It nalon I
v..is. hi f,<'. a sort of'coon er-lrrltant
which brought me op otatu log, with I
revived solf-confidence and rcctiperat
ed energy.
So when, a little before five O'clocl
that afternoon, Just as I was making
ready to run for my train, I hearc
Evelyn's voice over the telephone, ]
was fairly tingling with ardor for th?
game; and her request to call on Pro
fesaor Griffin, the expert in Oriental
literature, who occupied a chair in Co
lumbia college, and lived a mile 01
more back from the Greenwich sta
tion, was a welcome call to action. i
Very briefly she explained that sh?
had seen the professor that inorning
and had laid before him the original
letter und my copies of the others
and that he had kindly promised tc
make a careful ctudy of them and ac
quaint her with the result later in thi
day. She thought it better, however
that I should call upon him for hi!
conclusions, she said, as they would j
probably be verbal, and she doubted
her own ability to convey them to m<
with entire accuracy. Of course she
had told him nothmg as to the circum?
stances surrounding the letters. A|
they bore no dates, and were unad
dressed, she had him to infer thai
they were autographic curiosities be?
longing to her uncle, in which we
were all three interested.
I had met Professor Griffin on sev?
eral occasions. Once or twice he had
contributed articles to The Week, and
while we were scarcely intimate, we
were on terms of friendly acquaint
anceshlp. Ho was an oldish, white
haired gentleman, of rather the ascet?
ic type, with long, somewhat peaked
face, and light, watery blue eyes, i
which seemed to bulge behind th? j
strong lenses of his gold-bowed spec?
He received me in his study, a spa
clous, book-lined room on the second
floor of his old Colonial stone house.
"I have been deeply interested, Mr.
Clyde," he began, "in the autographi
and copies whlfch Miss Orayson
brought to me. They are unique speci?
mens of English composition, in that
the Oriental influence is so clearly
demonstrated throughout. Do you,
by any chance, know where Mr. Cam?
eron obtained them?"
I was hardly prepared for this ques?
tion, but I answered as promptly as
possible that they had recently come
Into my friend's possession, I be?
lieved, but from Just what source 1
had not learned.
The three sheets lay before him on
the writing-shelf of his old-fashioned
mahogany secretary; and now* he toc!t
up one of the copies, holding It at
some distance from his eyes, as
though his glasses, thick as they were,
were not as powerful as his sight re?
"The three writings," he went on,
In tho tone of a class-room lecturer,
"evidently form a series, of which, 1
take it, this Is the first."
"The one which says, 'Take warning
of what shall happen on the seventh
day'?" I queried.
"Yes. That is the first. The other
of the copies, In which occurs the
phrase 'once more,' is, of course, the
second. And the original autograph
is the last."
"Exactly," I agreed. It seemed to
me that all this was very obvious, but
in courtesy I could not say so.
"All three," he continued sagely,
"begin, as you must have observed,
with the same sentence, 'That which
you have wrought shall In turn be
wrought upon you.' That is a quota?
"A quotation!" I exclaimed, in sur?
"A quotation from Menclus, the
great expositor of Confucius, who
lived D. C. 372 to 289. In the origi?
nal, a word meaning 'Beware' pre?
cedes the warning, and a more literal
translation of the passage would be:
?Beware! What proceeds from you
will return to you again.'"
i It seemed to me this was taking a
great deal for granted. I feared that
the professor, like many savants who
specialize, was straining the fact to
fit his theory, but he very promptly
disabused me.
1 "The supposition that the words are
a paraphrase of Menclus," he ex?
plained, "would not be tenable, per?
haps?the idea is not anomalous?
were It not that wo find running
through the series, other quotations
that are unquestionably of Chinese or?
igin. The first letter, for example,
concludes with: 'The ways of our God
are many. On the righteous he show?
ers blessings; on the evil he pours
forth misery.' This is from the book
of History, or 'Shu King,' in which are
the documents edited by Confucius
himself. It usually has been rendered
In this way: 'The ways of God are
not invariable. On the good doer he
sends down all blessings, and on the
evil doer he sends down all miser?
ies.' That is the more exact render?
ing. And again, In tho second letter
we find?" He paused a moment, tak?
ing up the second sheet, and focusing
his dim eyes upon the lines. "We
find," he went on. " 'Fine words and
a smiling countenance make not vir?
tue,' which is from the Eunhu, or
'Analects' of ConfucluSi In which tin*
views arid maxims of the sage uro
retailed by his disciples. 'Smiling
Countenance1 is hardly the best trans?
lation. 'Insinuating appearance' is
more nearly the English equivalent,
and I should prefer 'are rarely con?
nected, or associated, with virtue' to
'Stake not virtue.' "
"ThoHc, of course, arc unmlstf ..'hi*/
translations," I agreed.
".\nd so ire the concluding sen?
tences of the third) Ihe autograph,
letter," he assured m?\ "'Say not
ib\tven ii high above! Heav< n
gscendi and icends about our deeds,
dally Inspecting us, wheresoever wo
are.' I find Ii In one of ihe sacrificial
OdcS Of Kau, and it Ifl the h<>til ren?
der, d of all the i v<erptg."
"8q your conclusion as to the au
thorship 1b??" I queried.
"Chinese, undouL*.edly," ho an- j
1 swered. "These were vritten, I should |
say, by a Chinaman, educated, prob- |
Hbly, in this country. His English Is j
the English of Hie educated Oriental, \
but the quotations from Confucius and ;
his commentators are characteristic. |
With the average Chinaman, to know I
Confucius is to know all; what he ^
said is all-sufficient; what ho did not ,
say is not worth saying. Another j
identifying feature is the effort to |
make afraid. Their religion is fear." i
Having concluded his exposition,
Profetaor Griffin was disposed to en?
ter upon a more or less lengthy dis?
course on Chinese character and lit
arature in general. However illumi
native this might have been under 1
ordinary conditions, I was assuredly
in no mood to listen to it at this time.
The information he had given me,
while it merely verified suspicions
which I had held from the first, set
me to speculating on the individual
source of the letters; and with so
modern an instance at hand I was nat?
urally disinclined to consider the au?
thorship of writings dating back often
a thousand years and more beyond
the Christian era.
With what grace I could, therefore, I
I discouraged a continuance of the |
j theme, and having thanked him most ;
heartily, pocketed the notes with
which he was good enough to furnish
me, and prepared to depart. But as
I stood at his study door, his lean,
scholarly hand resting in mine, he de- ,
tained me for a final word.
"The symbol!" he exclaimed, his
pale eyes lighting at the recollection.
"WTe forget the symbol!"
"Oh, yes," I returned, my interest
revived, "that silhouette at the bot- 1
"It is unmistakably Chinese," he
?aid. "I am not very familiar with I
the symbolism of the East, not as fa?
miliar as I should be, possibly; but
Chinese writing, you know, in its or- |
Igin, is picture writing with the addi- :
tion of a limited number of symbolical j
and conventional designs. This figure,
I should say, represents a lcrcha, or 1
small Chinese coasting junk, and you |
can rest assured that the threats con?
tained in the letters were with a view |
to reparation for some crime or injury
connected in some way with such a
vessel. That is as near as I can In?
terpret it. But if you\would like to
know more?if you would like to get
iomething more nearly definite?I can
refer you to one who can, I think, eive
you the information."
"By all means," I implored, "I shall
appreciate it greatly."
"An authority on this subject is liv
! ing not very far from here. He &pent
< many years in China, is something of
I an artist himself, and made, I under
! stand, a study of Oriental symbolism.
Ho lives at Cob Cob, and his name
. "Murphy!" I interrupted, as a flood
. of illumination swept over me,
I "Philetus Murphy. Yes. Do you
I know him?"
I "I have met him," I returned short
I ly. !
I And thanking the professor once
more, I hurried away, with a course of
action already ehaping in my mind.
I _
i _
The Chinese Merchant.
It was while Professor Griffin was
] talking of Chinese characteristics that
? the thought of little Mow Chee first
I occurred to me. The professor said
, something about the average China
\ man's disinclination to speak of death,
1 directly, and how he invariably em
! ployed some euphemism. The phrase
I "pass from sight of men into torment"
j the professor pointed out as an illus
I tration. And then I remembered little
j Mow Chee, who was in my class at
Yale, and how, once, in speaking of
the demise of a fellow classman, he
had used the odd expression, "he has
i saluted old age," which I afterwards
i learned was quite a common form In
; China.
I It was now a year or more since I
had seeto Mow Chee, but I recalled
that at our last meeting I had made a
note of his address; and so on reach?
ing my desk the next morning I
looked it up. Curiously enough a pri
\ vate detective agency which I had
arranged to consult chanced to have
Its office in the same building on low?
er Broadway as the Pacific Transport
company, by which Mow Chee was
j employed; and thus the plan which
had been shaping mentally the previ?
ous afternoon, as I hurried away from
; Professor Griffin's, was readily set In
motion before noon of the day fol?
In the evening I had discussed It
with Evelyn; and though the detec?
tive feature did not at first meet with
her approval, she eventually conceded
that it was a necessary part of the
project, it was agreed, however, that
the real purpose for which that aid
wai invoked should not be divulged.
Philetus Murphy was to be shadowed
and daily reports were to be made to
me. That he ad been under suspi?
cion of brutallj murdering his Chi?
nese servant was sufficient reason for
the proceeding, and to the detective
agency I gave no hint of any further
< onsideratiou.
As for my Celestial classmate, I was
not by any means sure that I should
And Mm at the Pacific Transport of?
fices. 1 knew that tor some time Chi?
na had been calling upon her sons of
western education to return to their
mother country for service, and I
feared that little Mow Chee might al
ready be customs taokal of Shantung,
or Borne Qth< r Imperial province. Bui
my misgivings wero very promptly al
layt (l; for i o Boom r had I Btepped
within the outer office than he saw
me. and came hastily forward, with a
?mile of gre ling on his square, flat
tened, ydlh v\ face.
Ilia desk was lust hack of the^long
counter which ran tho Tet/gth "or the
room, and a glance at Itb piled con?
tents showed mo that h? was very
busy. Moreover, there was no oppor?
tunity here for tho privacy which I
desired; so after an exchange of grex t?
ings, and a few conventional Inquiries,
I invited Mow to lunch with me at the
Savarin, at whatever hour would beet
suit his convenience.
Somewhat to my dismay, he fixed
upon one o'clock. As it still wanted
ten minutes of noon I now had over
an hour of leisure, which, as may bo
imagined, promised to hang rather
heavy, the more so, as I was impa?
tient to make some real progress in
my quest.
Wall street being at hand, 1 conclud?
ed to call on a friend there who usu?
ally handles my investments, and
make a convenience of his office. On
the way, I bought an afternoon paper,
and as my broker happened to be at
the Stock Exchange, I bad ample op?
portunity to read it from first column
to last. It proved about aa thrillingly
interesting as the early afternoon re?
prints of what one has already read
at breakfast usually are, and I was
about to drop it to tbe floor, when
my eye caught a group of headlines
on the last page, wLich, up to thst
moment, had escaped me, but which
now suddenly riveted my attention:
Anything concerning Celestials, I
suppose, would have attracted me,
just then, but the burden of this was
so peculiarly pertinent, that it seemed
as If It must have intimate connection
with the tangle I had undertaken to
club Members Given Reception by
Miss Louise Carson.
One of the very pleasant and uni?
que affairs of the Week was the re?
ception given by Miss Louise Carson
! Saturday afternoon to the members
of the PI Sigma Phi club. The enter?
tainment was given at Miss Carson's
home on North Main Street and six
members of the club, who reside in
the city, including Miss Carson, were
present to enjoy the occasion.
The club members at the reception
Were Miss Genevieve Handle. Miss
Gordon Field, Miss Susie Dick, Miss
Alice Hill, Miss Adelle Pitts and Miss
1 OUiSO Carson. The club is one form?
ed at Winthrop College and is con
lined to twelve members, new mem?
bers being added as members grad?
uate or leave the college. Three of
those at he reception are now stu?
dents at the college, Misses Pitts,
Field an<l Dick.
The parlor was tastefully decorated
for the occasion In red and green, the
club colors. Heart dice was the game
! of the evening and was played for
some time, Miss Alice Hill making the
highest score and was awarded the
prize, a beautiful Robespierre collar.
At the close of the game the guests
were invited into tho dining room,
where the table was also appropriate?
ly decorated In red and green.
Her*' a delightful salad course was
served, followed by wine and cake
for a second course During the sup?
per the affairs of the club were dis?
cussed, much interest being manifest?
ed in the experiences of the various
club members as told at the gathering
and much amusement created by the
Dynamit*' Conspirators Leave for
Lcnvenworth on Special Train.
Indianapolis, Dec. 31.?With the
departure this afternoon of the spe?
cial train bearing the S3 convicted
dynamite conspirators to the federal
prise n at Leavenworth, Kan., the
scenes of activity In the famous case
The next move here will come
Thursday morning. When Federal
Judge Albert B. Anderson will rule
on the motions of the defense for a
writ of supersedeas and of e**ror.
judge Seaman of the United states
circuit court of appeals of Chicago
will be here Thursday and has an?
nounced that he will consider the
matter on an appeal for writs to pre?
vent the incarceration in Leaven?
worth pripon of the 33 men, who were
given sentences ranging from one
year ami one day to seven years in
the United states district court here
Th<- wives and relatives, after wav?
ing the prisoners good-by< as they
marched to the special train at 12.10
this afternoon, returned to their
hotels and rooming houses, prepara?
tory to packing their things for tin
l< n< l joui ney h< no ward.
ltc-t Cough Medicine for Children.
? 1 am \ ei \ glad to si > n fen word
in praise of Chamberlain's C< -
Remedy," writes Mrs Lida Dewej
Milwaukee, Wls, "I have used it for
years both for my children and m
and it never falls to relieve and cure
s cough or cold. No famlt) with
children should I - without II as
I .\ m aimoi t [mim diate r. lb C In
eas? s oi croup." Chamberlain's Cough
Uemedy Is pleasant and salt to take,
whit h is of grenl Importance when a
medii ine must he given to young chil
dii ii For aale I \ all d< d< i - \d\ I
tidied states Mar-hail Donned Stripes
In Order to <???! Cliance at "Boot?
Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 30.?it has
just !??--??? m*- known here that Deputy
fnlted States Marshall Robert L. Shir?
ley recently donned the stripes and
entered the penitentiary li<>?-, posing
as a convict in order to effect the
arrest of persons who were bootleg?
ging whiskey behind the prison walls.
So complete was the officer's disguise
that negro trusties reported him to
the warden as a desperate man and
one to be closely watched. The of?
ficer's continued craving for whiskey
failed to secure that commodity, hut
his voluntary prison sentence had the
effect of putting a stop to the illegal
sale of liquor to the convicts. While
behind the prison walls the deputy
underwent all the hardships of the
other inmates.
Two or Three New Caere of Disease
Develop During Day?Quarantine
Line Drawn More Strictly.
Augusta, Ga_, Dec. 28.?A special
from Ifidville tonight says two or
three new cases of meningitis have de?
veloped during the day in the Mid
ville district. The quarantine was made
more stringent during the afternoon
and the line moved to a point within
four miles of the town. Nobody from
the country was allowed in town to?
The case reported at Millen last
night is said now to be in no danger
of spreading. It is thoroughly isolated.
Resembles Sumter Plan.
Chattanooga News.
Under a new constiutional amend?
ment two Caliiornia counties are
makking interesting experiments in
short-ballot government. All Califor?
nia counties, whether of 500 or 50,000
population, have been electing five su?
pervisors, a county school superin?
tendent, a coroner, a public adminis?
trator, a county clerk, a district at?
torney, a sheriff ,an auditor, a treas?
urer, a tax collector, an assessor, a
recorder and a surveyor, besides just
tices of the peace, constables and dis
l trid school commisioners. People of
Tennessee and other States will ob?
serve resemblances to their own in?
stitutions. Under the new home rule
powers conferred on counties, Los
Angeles county, with half a million
people, has adopted a charter. The
elective offices that remain are super?
visors, sheritT, district attorney and
aaaeoeor. Not more than two officials
are to be voted for at any one election.
The supervisors remain responsible
and have the appointive power. Ap?
pointments are on the basis of com?
petitive examinations and there is an
independent civil service hoard. Fees
have been done away with. All offi?
cials receive salaries. Constables are
controlled by Jhc sheriff. A county
counsel advises the supervisors and
helps them hold the other public ser?
vants in place and at work. This
charter is approved by the National
Short Ballot Association, in which Mr.
Wilson has a leading part, although
the public election of sheriff is criti?
cised as unnecessary since he is a
court officer. The retention of the
elective assessor and district attorney
is likewise criticised, since their du?
ties are those of experts. Many will
And these criticisms too refined. The
charter also leaves elective justices of
the peace.
The Tax association of Almeda
county has a more radical plan. Its
dominant notes are the short ballot
and expert administration under an
appointive manager as in Staunton,
Va., and Sumter, S. C. The city and
county relations are readjusted. The
police functions are given to the
People everywhere are beginning
to give attention to the traditional and
somewhat cumbersome county gov?
ernmental system. Alabama is mak?
ing an effort to abolish fees. There
will he other plans of reform.
Every young man who is working
on a salary should subscribe for a
few shares In one of the saving funds
operated in connection with the local
banks, a dollar or two saved each
week for twelve months will not he
seriously missed, ton it will make a
big difference In his financial condi?
tion. Tin re are many uooil things in
Sumter that together make this town
different ami bettei than other towns,
lau among tb. best are the savings
funds originated here about twent)
years ago and successful!) conducted
ever since. 'Hu n are successful bus?
iness men here who nwe muck of
their business success to the savings
tan.i.--. for tt>.\ educated them in the
1 hil of systenuit s:\ir.u and aided
I them t- . amulab ' ? lr initial cap!
Cliamta-rlatii's lough Remedy.
take, it contains no opium or othe

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