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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 11, 1913, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1913-01-11/ed-1/seq-2/

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ii-inii? <.rm111<?41?|>|m?um*ion Con
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The County Hoard hehl its regular
monthly meeting Tuesday, with nil
mem be is present. Only a smelt
amount of business was n a be
fore the board adjourned to meet
again Thursday for their regular an
nual meeting. ?
After the meeting was tailed to or?
der the board took a short rece^
from their regular routine business t.>
adopt the following resolutions of re?
spect upon the death of the late F.
K. Thomas, a former member of the
hoard, which had been prepared by
Mr. Jno. It Sumter. former clerk to
the county board:
Whereas. It has pleased Almighty
Ood in His Infinite wisdom to remove
from the sphere of his earthly use?
fulness. Frank Klvsan Thomas, a
fellow member of the County Hoard
of Commissioners.
And Whereas. We realize that by
his d??th Sumter County has lost a
valuable cltlaen, a faithful and ef?
ficient public servant and one who
has given to her In years of servV
unswerving honesty, a true devotion
to her Interest and a loyalty which
ever strove to guard her welfare and
increase her prosperity.
And Whereas. We feel that we have
loot a personr.1 friend as well as a
wise counselor and co-worker for th"
public good) And deploring her loss
would weave round his memory the
garland of sffectlon whose flowers
eannot fade nor wither while we con?
tinue to honor Integrity of character
and uprightness of dealing In our
fellow man.
Therefore, be It resolved: <
We order that a page of our min- I
ate book be Inscribed to his, mem?
ory, with the date of h's birth and
death and the period of his services
as County Commissioner. And that
these resolutions be spread upon the
pages of our minute book and that
a copy thereof be sent to his family
and that they bo published In the
newspapers of the county.
IV M. Pitts. Supervisor,
J. I. Drogdon.
W. J. Young.
E. T. Mims.
- I
Petl-e ii* fn.m J F. Mayer an.1 J ,
A Dennis for ex-Confederate BWP>
^wiu ...u .uv.id <?l4U gf?uilcd.
Mr. Rmlth, of the Parley Jail Com?
pany, appeared before the board to
gsake a statement concerning im?
provements on the present Jail or the
building of a new Jail. Mr. Smith
advised that a new Jail be erected
and stated thut he would confer with
architects of his company concerning
the cost of erecting such a Jail as
Would be needed by the county. His
proposition was heard and approved
b> the board. I
Annual Meeting of \^-><* i.umn to lie
m.i.i a Columbia, Maren 13-15.
All arrangements are being made
for the annuul geSOttai of the state
Teachers' Association si Booth Caro?
lina, to be held in Columbia Mart h IS,
14. IS. The programs of the differ?
ent depi-tnents are being ptopared
and will be published wtthin a low
weeks An effort Is being ma le to
have discussed at these meeting* many
questions of interest and practical
value to the teachers of ?he State.
Quite a number of prominent edu?
cators and speaker-, have ilready ac?
cepted Invitations to deliver addresses
and all who come will lie gives much
helpful information es ?vll inspp -
stion for their work
? Fifteen hundred teachers 11*13."
has been adopted aa the slogan and
?very effort im being mad- to bring to?
gether this number. The county hav?
ing the largest percentage of its
teachers will be announced as the
banner at unty. The annual member?
ship fee la $1.00 for men and 60c for
l.idu* lee* should be sent C. V.
Nsuffer. Hennettsvllle Already IhOfS
Is a good d? al ..f Interest in the sev?
eral counties und there will no doubt
be a good i of friendly rivalry be?
tween counties
The State Hoard of Kdueation has
recommended two days holiday for
ell teaches with pay and the rail?
roads have offered special rates for
the meeting.
I m I \- I \\\ V UifD.
W iHhir.irfofi. .Tin The right of
eitles Is Impose lleeaes taxes upon
state osjohsess of sgpfoss eompanlec
end their SSjl W k I N II nphoM lodof
by the gapgosae sonst Ni efewmtng the
Sec Is W i of the supn 10.rt of K kfl
?a*, ?hat an osdlaaace t<? that affect
In LsaweaWOftk, Kan. was valid The
*ourt distinguished this case fro*]
those where ||M BU wms tipon inte?
state und governmental business
?pstrsasj subject or Special Report to
i ongro* by Socretnr.x of Agrhlll
Washington, Jan. 7 Systems of
marketing farm product! ami the
osasend (or them at trade oenten are
the subjects of a special report to
Congress by the Secretary of Agricul?
ture, recently published. The leport
was made by special direction of Con?
gress in order that Information might
be at hand concerning the establish?
ment of a dtvtetotl of markets in the
Department Of Agriculture. The Sec?
ret.iry ipeolflee various Itemi of ser?
vice that could be performed by such
ai oSsOO, fflth recommendations that
they he adopted, if it is created. The
l eport covers 391 pages and is crowd?
ed with information with regard to
the subjects treated.
The report treats of the movement
of farm products from the farm to
POnOtimer through a great variety of
channels. The simplest distribution
is the direct one of delivery by farm?
er to consumer, and next after this is
the deliveiy by individual farmers or
ass,.nations of farmers to Individual
consumers cr associations of consum?
ers. In these direct forms of distri?
bution, the middleman is eliminated,
although of course Intermediate ser?
vices are performed either by pro?
ducers or by consumers or by both
Among the varieties of middle?
men concerned in the marketing of
farm products ore the traveling huk
sters who go from farm to farm
gathering eggs, butter, poultry, calves,
and other commodities, which they
sell to shippers, jobbers, or retail deal?
ers. The country merchant Is often
the tirst reeeiver of such products us
eggs, farm-made butter, poultry,
wool, hides, cotton, and sometimes
grain and hay. In regions where
I grain is the staple product, the ten?
dency has been to displace the eoun
1 try merchant by the grain buyer ami
' the local elevator man.
Kanners commonly sell through
commission merchants and to some
extent directly to whoesale dealers
and also to retail dealers. The farm?
er who employs a trustworthy com?
mission merchant who will handle by?
products honestly and honorably will
get the current prices for them with?
in the range of the commission mer?
chant's business, but the farmer of?
ten tinds himself in the hands of a
commissi! n merchant who falsely ro
on't? th?*t th*? r>roA
u -b.fi ig? ? ? ? :d.t "\ or tl.:it t m y
w?re of a grs ? loi - r than,they were
n met, or he reports receiving pri< a
lower than those a tuafly received b 1
....a ... pi jets. Worse than
this, it is by no means rare that the
commission merchant has sold the
products and failed to return ist net
Samples of transactions in which
only one middleman lnterv*nes be?
tween producer and consume;- include
the commission man at large market
who receives consignments of live
stock from farmers and sells to pack?
ers; the factor to whom the planter
consigns his rice or cotton and from
whom purchases are made by m?h is;
the warehousemen who manage the
sab- of a Virginia plat ter's tobacc. .
The Intervention cf two men be?
tween producer and consumer is a
common occurrence. Fruits and vege?
tables are often marketed through
the aid of two middlemen, the city
commission dealer nnd i retail Hier
A series of three middlemen may
Include li st the local buyer of the
shipper; second, the commission
dealer or the wholesale men hant; and
third, the retail merchant in the
?ale "f fruit by auction, which Is
Common in larg.- Oltlei east of the
Mississippi River, the Auctioneer is an
additional middleman He may sell
foi i ommissioti deah-r. to whom the
C< aslgnmsnl may have been made by
a Country buyei ; and the purchaser at
sm h hi auction may be a jobber, who
In turn sells to a retail merchant,
Five middlemen are thus concerned in
such a transaction.
?mions raised in Kentucky are
sometimes bought by a local mer?
chant atid shipped to LOUlSVillSI here
the) maj be pat int.? sacks and eon
signed to a New York wholesaler or
a commision man who in turn sells
to a New York retailer. Kggs and
poultry frequently pass through the
hands of at least four middlemen.
Tin- marketing of clover teed i* an
example ol a transfer from one farm?
er to another through a number of
middlemen. The nrsl middleman may
be an Indiana jobber, who consigns
to a commission desler in Toledo,
ohlo; here the seed may be puren*
ased by a merchant and shipped to a
wholesale dealer in a distant nty
The last middleman in this course of
distribution is a country storekeeper
or a cltj dealer In igrleultural sup?
plos Public market places are est ah
iished in a number of cities and
towns, ami in these places consumer!
may buy sm h articles as fruit, vege
lablea dairy products, poultry, am
eggs dlreel from farmers as well a
from deal era
Another institution which aids tin
producer to dispose of his crop tl tin
public warehouse. Illustration! of
this are afforded in tile marketing of
tobacco In Virginia ami North Caro?
lina, wool from the northern Rocky
Mountain States, and to some extent
rice in Louisiana ami Texas. The
growers or their representatives) with
their produce, meet the buyers at
these warehouses.
While farm products are in tran?
sit by rail, there ate certain points at
Which the COnSgnor may designate a
final destination. The purpose of this
practice is to enable the consignor to
find the best market for his goods.
This is the plan followed in shipping
fruits and vegetables by rail from
California to the Bast and from
Southern States to the North,
The Secretary of Agriculture lias
much to say concerning associative
marketing by farmers, and the eco?
nomic advantages are stated in de?
tail. "A survey of the systems of
marketing farm products clearly dis?
covers wh.at the farmers can best do
to their advantage. They must as?
sociate themselves together for the
purpose of assembling theii individual
contributions of products, of shipping
in carload lots, of obtaining market
nOWJ at places to which it is practical
to send their products, to sell in a con?
siderable number of markets, if not
in many markets, and to se?
cure the various other economic gains
of associative selling."
To carry out this suggestion, it is
recommended that if Congress es?
tablishes a division of markets, a
corps of traveling held agents be main?
tained to assist farmers to form as?
sociations for marketing their pro?
it is also recommended that esti?
mates of the prospective supply Of
fruits and vegetables, and perhaps
other products not now represented
in the quantitative estimates of the
Department's crop reporting service,
be made a short time before hurvest,
so that tin- farmer may "have in
mind a fairly detinite Idea of the vol?
ume of the crop throughout the
country in order that he may occupy
a place In the market that is fair to
himself or, as the case may be, a
place in the market that is fair to the
General maiket news service is not
recommended. If such service were
derived from telegraphic reports, the
expense would be enormous. One
farmers' marketing association spends
$25,000 a year in telegraphing alone
and a fruit growers' organization
spend i $75,000 for into
I, I. proper thai a corp. of uav
sling field agent mj] v large coaps
lo ? fenls an I rr< sj ondeni - be
esi bllshi t for the * Uowing Items of
service: To help producers organize
for associative marketing; to eXAin
inc and remove local dilllcultles in the
way of such marketing; to help pro?
ducers to find markets; to report the
current descriptive condition of cropsy
In addition to the work already done
by the Department's crop reporting
service; to estimate the probable pro?
duction of crops a short time before
harvesting; to report the beginning
and ending of the shipping season; to
report the crop movement from pro?
ducing point! through "gateways'' to
principal markets.
Among the subjects whose investi
gation Is suggested are the storage of
farm products either on the farm or
? where pending their sab-; the bus?
iness of commission dealers; the va
rloui cost of marketing, properly
Itemised, and compared with prices
of products at the farm and with con?
sumers' prtces; a description of prin?
cipal markets and of chief producing
regions; and some problems of trans?
Some information with regard to
foreign markets, it is advised, might
be made useful to producers. It Is
proposed also to keep an elaborate
record of prices of farm products In
Which prices at the farm shall be par?
alleled by wholesale and retail prices.
Among the other recommendations
are the maintenance of a list of mar?
keting associations and the collection
of statistics concerning the business
done by them; the investigation of
systems of marketing farm products
in other countries, with special atten?
tion to those features which it may be
assumed might be adopted beenficlally
in this country.
The Secretary of Agriculture closes
his recommendations by making one
concerning the participation of con?
sumers in the solution of marketing
problems. "A cheapening of farm?
ers' cost of marketing will naturally
result in gam to the producer rather
than to the consuno r. If the consum?
er Is to gain by change! in the costs
of distribution, it seems probable
that he must do so through cheapening
or eliminating costa at his end of the
chain of distribution. The consum?
ers can cheapen the costs of farm
products by co-operative buying and
by reducing the expenees of retail and
other local distribution. The con?
sumer's aspect of the pr oblems of the
distribution of farm products is a
conspicuous one at the present lime,
and problems In distribution thai are
concerning the consumer rather than
the producer may well be Included
within the service of a division of
1 markets." I
Prisoner Gains Liberty After Being
Chained Hand and Foot and Se?
cured to Floor.
Ridgeland. Jan. 7.?Two negroes be?
lieved to be the murderers of E. X.
Hanklnaon, the Barnwell county mer?
chant who was beaten to death Sat?
urday night at his store m ar Black
Ville, were apprehended yesterday at
Hardeeville, near here. One was kill?
ed in resisting arrest. The other was
captured, but later escaped.
Willie Hubbard, marshal of Hardee?
ville, saw the negroes beating a ride
on a freight train. He mounted the
car on which they were riding and
was about to make the arrest when
the two negros jumped fr? m the car
and ran.
Hubbard commanded a halt, and
shot to frighten them and when no
halt was made he shot above their
heads. One of them announced that It
would be necessary to kill him in or?
der to get him, whereupon Hubbard
slo t again and killed one.
The other escaped, but was later
captured, after a long chase. The
town authorities of Hardeeville
shackled the prisoner securely, placed
a heavy guard around the jail. The
prisoner was this morning turned over
to the sheriff of Barnwell, who se?
curely manacled him hand and foot
and fastened him to the floor. Upon
going back about oO minutes later
the sheriff found that the prisoner
had escaped.
It is evident that the negro had out
Bide help from others of his color.
Bloodhounds on the scene failed to
take the trail, and it is thought that
the prisoner was taken off in a buggy.
The negroes at Ha: deville have been
much excited since the arrests, but
the town is quiet today.
The following is a description of
the negro who escaped: About 20
years old, height 5 feet 9 inches, coal
black, with humps on face, at scar
across forehead and a fresh wound on
wrist, wearing a dark brown suit with
initials on side coat pocket and tan
sin >es.
Posses are looking for him all over
this section and with all roads well
guarded it Is hoped that he will soon
be apprehended. The sheriff of Barn?
well Is still on the job with several
Lodge Officers Make Enconr
: ami Interesting Addresses.
The Knights of Pythias installation
and banquet Monday night was one
of the most enjoyable functions giv?
en by the members ef Game Cock
Lodge in many a day. Several of the
[Grand Lodge officers were present to
add dignity to the occasion and the
speeches made by them were full of
interest and encouragement to their
The installation ceremonies were
conducted by the Orand Chaacellor F.
8. Kvans of Gre< DWOOd and were very
solemn and impressive. After the
newly elected officers had been install?
ed short, but inte;eating talks were
made by a number of Knights and
were heard by the v? r> large number
In attendance upon the exercises. The
addresses were very enthusiastic and
the members seemed determined to do
even more zealous work in the en?
suing year than heretofore, work
which has in the past made Game
Cock Budge the banner lodge of the
The lodge then adjourned to
Charlie's Cafe' where nothing short
of a banquet had been prepared for
the knights and their friends. Those
present were fully capable of enjoy?
ing this feature of the occasion as
well as those which had preceded it.
While supper was in progress Grand
Chancellor F. S. Bvans, Grand Pre?
late h. k. Osborne, Deputy Grand
chancellor J. C. Baskina of Btshop
ville were called on by Brother S. H.
Edmunds, who presided and acted as
toastmaster, for speeches, each of
them replying in addessea which were
full and straight to the point and
which were much enjoyed. 1 >r. Qeo.
w Dick, Grand Vice-Chancellor, made
the closing address in his usual fe
lictoua and humorous vein.
So much phased were the knights
With the bountiful and delightful feast
which "Charlie" had prepared for
them that he was called out to make
a speech in reply to the congratula?
tion! of his friends upon his Buccess
In a culinary line. "Charlie" respond?
ed In few, bui well chosen words:
"Even though a foreigner," he said.
"It is |||\ pleasure to set\e the great?
est people of the greatest nation In
the world." 11ist speech called for tie
most liberal applause of the evening
Toolc's Karl) Prolific1 Cotton Seed.
Yields over 10 per cent lint, Fruits
heavily Write for sample and
Alken, s. c.
=\\\ mm=
Can you say that of your financial standing? Paying
your hills by Check la not only ilio only sure way to avoid
errors, hut it shows > oil to be among those who \alue
the preeminence given by a bank account. Open an ac?
count with us and bo Happy,
The Peoples' Bank.
Banking for 1913
The Farmers' Bank & Tru^l
Condensed Statement of
The First National Baik of Sumter,
Sumter, S, C, December 30, 1912.
Loans & Dis'ts, 457,045 89
Overdrafts, 5.831.75
U. S. Bonds at Par, 25,000 00
Bonds & Stocks, 15,300.00
Furn. & Fixtures, 2,500.00
Real Estate, M53-93
Redemption Fund, 1,250.00
Cash and Due
from Banks,
$586,979 40
Capital Stock, S 100,000.00
Surplus and
Due to Bauks,
112, ?17.13
$586.979 40
Organized in 1887 with a capital of $50,000, since
which time it has paid to its stoc holders nearly One
Quarter of a Million Dollars in Di vidends.
We solicit the accounts of corporations, firms
and individuals.
Nei O'Donnell, Pres. R. IT. Lee, Vice P^ -, 1. L. McCallum, Cashier.
The Bank of Sumter'b
Christmas Savings Fund
The Bank of Sumter
We are prepared to furnish this product at prices that will enable
every farmer to use it. We have a very low price this year and
nothing will do your land more good, especially run down lands,
or low and sour land. It is necessary for all leguminous crops
such as Alfalfa, clover, vetch, peas. etc. Get our prices in car
lots or in smaller quantities. Samples on request.
Frost Proof Cabbage Plants
Prices: 1,000 to 1,000 plants at $1.2;. per thousand; 5.000 to 9,000
at |1.00 per thousand; 10,000 at i)0 cents per thousand and special
prio's on larger lots Or to those acting ;>s niir agent*
We have cheapest express rate, we guarantee count, safe delivery,
prompt shipment and satisfaction. Plants grown in open fields and
guaranteed Frost Proof. Ws have all varieties. Tho earliest. Early
Jersey WakeAetd; next earliest, Large Type Charleston Wakenetd;
late varieties, Succession and Late Plat Dutch. Plants now ready for
Cash, mones order or express monej nrder with all orders
The Carr-Carlton Company,

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