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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 15, 1913, Image 1

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Tin ^i Mil it v\\itil\?\\, I -1 11 ?I i -i i< 11 April 185?.
He Just and IVar not?I ot all the ends Thou Alms'! ut ho thy Country's, Thy God's and Truth's.'
TILE TKUE SOUTHJU \ Established June,
Consolidated Aup. 3,1881.
Vol. XXXV. No. 41.
I'\^s Kl SMI I I |ON \sKIN(. KIK
TVTION \| \M| \ I >.
Ml N I
laHbdauKc IV W?*? t Ion ltoo,uestcd (o
IliUrtxIu.M Km _ |li?4>UHHl?ni on
Wheaaor ntlwiw should I?h>
all of i^mt or City Pay One-Third
of ? bjgj?< Mhor Point? Brought out
In l>l*ruw?ion?Those Takln? Part.
The mass meeting of cltlxens at the
Court Nouw Friday night to discuss
a proposed constitutional amendment
Allowin? a v. te to be taken at the gen?
eral election two years from now on
whether or not Sumter should be
given the right to tax abutting prop?
erty in order that the streets and
sidewalks b* paved drew out a crowd
of about ftft/ property owne**s, who
set mod much Interested In tho propo?
sition and wlillng to do what would be
**qulr*d of them In order that they
should have paved streets ^nd side?
walks In the near future and not wait
until the city could pave them at its
present rate of progress.
The meeting, while not so very large?
ly attended as was desired, was a
fairly representative gathering of
Humter*! fr*e holders, and the
general concensus of opinion seemed
to he to have the streets paved. The
meeting opened when Mr. D. D. Moise
moved that Mr. R. D. Epps act as
chairman. Mr. Epps then called the
assembly to order and stated In a few
words the object of .?e mass meeting.
The streets, he said, were in a dread?
ful condition at the present time and
he thought that everybody would
agree upon the proposition that bet?
ter ones were needed. The city at
the present time hardly had sufficient
funds to keep up its present streets
sad none to expend In building bet?
ter streets In order to tax abutting
property there must be an amendment
to the constitution. This must be vot?
ed on at the next general election and
it was the object of this meeting to
decide vsh-'het or not the legislative
^^Mf**b?n ^rnMild at? this time he
Siren Instructions to prepare the
proper legislation in order that this
amendment to the constitution be
voted on. other cities had Improved
the streets and abutting property by
paving them 'n under this plan an 1
Sumter should "keep up with t>n
march of progress. The cltlsens of
th*? town paid for the paving when?
ever and wherever It was done And
It was Just as fair and he thought
ae easy to pay In th?& way as by the
present methods of taxation.
Mayor I. 1? Jennings was >.. 1
upon to further explain thin plan and
to state its a^.antages. He thought
that the pres.Tit sand-clay streets were
not satisfactory as permanent streets.
The city had no money to build anv
more of them .or io more than keep
them up. It would be nfty years or
more before any further permanent
paving could be done unless It was
done b> the plan proposed, as the city
was already taxed to its limit. The
question wss whether or not the cltl
s*ns were willing to ugree to the plan
end would vote for the amendment in
1914. He thought that the majority
ought to rule In any case and that
the property owners ought to pay all
of the costs. At the name time that
a vote was taken on allowing the tax?
ation of abuttin . property for im?
provements, an amendment ought to
'?e voted on giving tho city the au?
thority to Increase its bond d In?
debtedness. He thought the matter
ought to he taken up now so bat a
wait' of four instead of two years
would not be necessary,
Mr. q. a. \v>ferman. ga retail of
the Chamber of Commerce, thought
that proprr precaution ouKht to be
taken, us a business no isur? . to make
the tM.nds which would be Issued a
satisfactory Kuauintee,-, and a ton
tract ought to be entered Into be- I
tween the property owners and the
city before the funds were advanced. ;
This method proposed was something
of a novelty and due precaution ,
should be taken to make it a success.
He mentioned the unequal tax returns
hlch wen current throughout this
Htate and * d\ ?s d radical tax reform i
legislation, in order that taxes could
r?e made more equal and Just.
Mr. I? I? Moise did not think
that any of the points brought up
should frighten ritlsens so that they
rould be opposed to the plan Offered
for street Improvement. All Si the
minor points could be satisfactorily
adjusted by council later on after the
amendment waa granted. Bank aar?
?on. be thought, was willing to pay
Mb proportionate share In order to
???t quick improvements. Th? im?
provements. If they were made, meant
l>.\Tl<>\ DTJIUlfG WEEK.
What lluxlng llu^ BMH Observed. At?
tributed to t ailing by Spinner*.
Some Xcrvousncss.
New York, Jan. 10.?Cotton has de?
clined during the past week under
more or less general liquidation, with
active spring deliveries selling about
$3.60 per buje under the high records
of last month. There "has been a ?jood
deal of trade buying on a scale down,
part of whleh, at least ,is believed to
have red?ct?d "(ailing" hy spinners,
but no general demand has developed
and while values at the close of busl- 1
ness today showed moderate rallies,
sentiment appeared of a decidedly
bearish average. Southern advices
have lndieated very little disposition
on the Vpart of spot holders to meet
the break in futures, but the recent
advance in January is now said to .
have attracted shipments of from II,
000 to 35.000 bales from the South
for contract delivery, and the reports ,
for a continued slack spot demand,
'? ...L'ned with the nearer approach 1
of th ? planting season, have encour- 1
aged increased confidence in predic- I
tlons of ultimate selling pressure from '
primary sources, which are still sup?
posed to be holding 4,000,000 or over.
The decision of the supreme court in
the cotton pool case of 1910 seemed
to add to the nervousness of the scat?
tering long interest, while the census
figures showing 12,919.000 bales gin- j
ned, to January 1, proved slightly in
excess of general expectations. Liv?
erpool has been relatively steady and,
according to advices ,is more impress?
ed by the activity of the goods trade .
with small Southern spot offerings and
the rapidly decreasing movement
than by the predictions of greatly in
creased acreage or of possible weak?
ness among remaining old crop hold?
a 'dg advance in property values and
the quick growth of the town.
air. L\ U. ltowlnnd ataf.d that AlL
members of the city council were un?
animously agreed upon the plan. He
was in favor of 20 year bonds, which
would make the Mum of the money
easier. There was no other way to
get paved streets in the life of this
g? n? ration and he was w illing to get
than now and lei them be paid for
Mr. (Jeo. 1 >. Shore was in favor of
the plan, it snent a big advancement
in values along all of th.- street! which
were paved, as had resub d from the
paving on Main street. It was a Step
for the upbuilding of the town that
all should be willing to share In.
.Mr F.dgar Skinner did not think
that property owners should pay the
same propotionab- shar- of ihr cost
of the paving of the Street! abutting
on ihelr property, when th?- property
Itself was not of the same value. The
i oat! of paving would he the same, but
the Inequality of property values
would make the proposed plan of
taxation unjust.
Mr. Ryttenberg and Mr, Dalaer
e int. <i t.. hnoa erhether or not th?
number of property ownen or s
street should decide whet In , the
street should be paved, or whether it
should be decided by the property
owners holding tin greatest number
of linear lest og the street Mr. Bel?
ief was in favor of the latttr method.
Mr. Belief Also thought that proper?
ty owners ought to pa1 two-thirds of
the cost of the paving end the city
the other one-thit 1. He thought
that a block might tt b.- made the
unit of paving.
Mr. Ii. L ?carbon ugh wai in fav
< i of the < ity paving one-third of the
- eat of tin paving, He thought that
the number of free-holders on ? block
of street ought to decide whether or
not they wanted the paving.
i?r. f. K Holmnn thought that
property owners ought lo be given ths
right to pay cash for the paving, if
the\ so desired, as hy so doing tiny
would not have to pay the interest on
the borrowed money, He stated that
If gumter had good street! which were
kept cleaned end watered thai much
disease would be averted.
Mr. Waterman thought that the
number ??f free-holders ought to de?
cide on the paving <?f the street and
that the unit ought to be made larger
than a brock, as by making it larger
the contract pries would be reduced.
Mr Jennings then proposed u res?
oiuth.n In effect "That the Sumter
county delegation la the General as
eesnbly take the proper steps to pass
an act ( tilling for rote ?>n I COnatltU
I tonal amendment granting Ihs sum
ter the right to t.(X abutting proper
ty. it th! petition Of B majority o
the property owners, for tie cost o
sEWI'oits STILL at odds.
o. l*. Mm Refuse to Accept Com?
promise hy Which Certain Ap?
pnliitniciits Shall Im ConfiriiKHl.
Washington, Jan. 10.?Efforts by
1 >? moeratic senate lea(iers to make
an agreement with the Republican
forct s for a Joint committee to go over
Preslt ent Taft's recent appointments
and select certain nominations that
should be confirmed by the senate met
with failure today.
Attempt at a compromise was the
result of a meeting of the special
committee appointed by the Demo?
cratic caucus in December to solve a
method of handling the hundreds of
appointment that have been sent In
by the president since December 15.
Leaders informally proposed to take
up the task of "weeding out" the
pending nominations. A numb? r of
Republicans were called together to |
consider the proposal, and promptly
rejected it.
The outcome of the failur * will be
a renewal of the tight between the
two parties next week. It is expected
that an executive session of ? .e sen?
ate will be held Tuesday or Wednes?
day. The Republican forces then will
insist that nominations be taken up in
their regular order and that no dis?
crimination be shown against any of
the Taft nominations. A conference of
Democrats will be held tomorrow to
determine what action shall be taken.
Republicans declared today there
would be no attempt to filibuster
against the Democrats or to keep the
senate In continuous executive ses?
sion; but an attempt would he made
at once to force an issue with the
Democrats as to the method of pro?
cedure upon the various appointments.
"To submit the question of nomi?
nations to a committee would require
the holding of a Republican caucus,"
said Senator Smoot tonight. "That was
not practicable and we concluded for
that and other reasons that the pre?
ferable plan was to allow the nomina?
tions to come before the entire sen?
ate in the usual way. We shall insist
that the calendar be taken up in the
order in which the nominations ap?
The refusal of the Republicans to
make any compromise upon the Taft
appointments will have the effect of
halting the plan that the Democratic
leaders had agreed to support for the
confirmation of army, navy and diplo?
matic nominations.
Plenty of Candidates Left, However, ,
in Tennessee Senatorial I'iglit.
Nashville, Tcnn.. Jan. s.?Former
Governor Malcolm R. Patterson, Dem?
ocratic nominee for United states
Senator tonight withdrew from the
contest, having the Held to his sever?
al opponents
Tbe announcement was made at a
c< nference attended by forty-one
Democratic members of the Legisla?
ture. Governor Patterson stated that
his action was due to a desire to pro?
mote party harmony and to render I
more easy the election of a "regular
1 lemoCI it to tbe place.
With the withdrawal of Governor ,
Patterson the Senatorial situation Is
but little simplified. Congressman K.
I?. McKellar, Chancellor John Alli
son, li. D. Tyson ol Knoxville; At?
torney General Charles T. Cates, Chief
Justice John K. Shields, Kx-Congress
man B. A, Bnloe and T. R. Preston,
a Chattanooga banker, are considered
the strongest candidates, Balloting
a iii begin next Tuesday.
paving the streets and sidewalk; and
that also a constitutional amendment
be voted on giving the city of Bum
ter the right to increase its bonded
Indebtedness solely for this purpose."
Dr. Booth at one,- took exception to
this resolution. He was In favor of
the proposed Improvements, butthere
were many property owners who!
could not pay all of the cost of pav?
ing. He thought that the city ought
to pay one-third of the cost. May?
or Jennings Btated that this would
block the winde proposition, as the
( ity did not have the money to pay
one-third of the cost, An earnest
discussion of this point lasted for
several minutes, when the matter was
put to a vote and Dr. Booth's amend?
ment was adopted by a big majority.
Mr. Skinner thought that tWC thirds
of the property owners ought to be
required to sign the petition to have
the stre? t paved, but Ins motion was
Mr Jennings' motion was then of?
fered w ith Dr. Booth's amendment
and was almost unanimously carried.
Threatening Position Assumed by
Roumania Nation Brings Another
Consideration, Which May Event
ually Save Holy City to the Turks
?Ambassadorial Conference Proves
London, Jan. 10.?The pendulum
of peace in the Balkan swings be?
tween the fall of Adrianople and ac?
tion by the powers of Kurope. Ad?
vices, suggestions, good offices, pres?
sure and friendly offers?all that dip?
lomatic terminology includes?has
been attempted by the powers to bring
the conflicting parties to terms over
Adrianople but the reluctance of
Turkey to cede the "holy city" is only
surpassed by the determination of the
allies to win their point to "have it
included in the territory of Bulgaria.
Several so-called intermediate
courses for solving the poblem by
neither entirely separating Adrian?
ople from Turkey nor entirely giving
it to Bulgaria have been refused by
both sides. As an indication of the
stand the allies have taken one of
the Bulgarian delegates said today,
"Adrianople is the Alsace-Lorraine of
our war."
Turkey's hopes that she may be
able to save Adrianople undoubtedly
have been revived by the threaten?
ing attitude of Roumania. In this
attitude Roumania is believed to be
backed by Austria, as otherwise she
would not urge her claim so en?
ergetically against Bulgaria in con?
trast with her pacific position of a
fortnight ago. The powers are await?
ing the result of representations to
be made, to the Constantinople gov?
ernment by their ambassadors in the
Ottoman capital. The note probably ;
will be delivered Monday to the porte.
The ambassadorial conference met
at the foreign office today, but the only !
informtion given out was that the J
meeting had arrived at no important
decivlon and adjourned until, Monday.
The ambassadors would not con?
firm reports that a naval demonstra
tlon had been planned as a last re- j
sort to Influence Turkey.
Turkey's threats to recall her peace j
delegates from London and the men- '
ace of a Roumanian invasion of Bui- j
garla tended today to give the im*
presion that the Balkan situation
had become more grave within tin
last 24 hours.
llUCh was expected from today's 1
meeting of the ambassadors who
planned to reach a decision concern
ing the collective attitude of Europe. '
Reehad Pasha, tin- leader of the
Turkish peace delegation, today
reiterated the immovable determina?
tion of the Turks not to abandon I
the fortress of Adrianople or the isl?
ands in the Aegean sea.
it is not likely that the peace con?
ference will resume its sittings before
next week.
Decides to ( all Army Together if Bui
gaiians Do Not Consent to Rectlfl- 1
cation of Border.
Paris, Jan. 10. ? Roumania decided
today to mobilise her army it she do* a
not (ddain within is hours satisfac?
tion from Bulgaria in regard to recti?
fication of her frontier, according to
a dispatch from Bucharest to The i
Will Retain Prospective Army With
the Colors.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 10.?Orders
are expected from the Russian war
minister soon retaining with the
colors all those time expired BOldiers
who, under ordinary conditions
should have been dismissed to the
reserve two months ago. They will
probably be retained until April 14.
It is understood that tin- failure of
the attempt to arrange a joint Aus?
trian and Russian demobilization has
forced Russia to remain prepared for
eventulaltles. Nevertheless, despite
the disquieting reports received from
Warsaw, tie- ton.- in diplomatic cir?
cles in the closest touch with the sit?
uation Indicates marked optimism.
Russia i mow acting in full accord
with several of the other powers in
the matter of bringing pressure to
bear at Constantinople.
\mbaieiaclors Prepare Colorless Not?'
to the Porte.
Constantinople, Jan. 10.?European
I ambassadors in the ottoman capital
Mrs. Benjamin Harrison, Members of
Cleveland^ Cabinets, Widows of
Borne, Mrs. Cleveland's Fiance und
other Distinguished Company
Gather j,, state Dining, Whorei
Years Ago Widow, then Bride, of
Democratic Executive, Sut at Wed*
ding Supper.
Washington, Jan. 11.?Mrs. Grover
Cleveland, as the guest of the Presi?
dent and Mrs. Taft, at a dinner given
in her honor, sat this evening in the
State dining room of the White House,
where more than 26 years ago she sat
at her wedding supper as the bride of
i resident Cele\land. It was Mr?.
Cleveland's tirst visit to the White
House, where she was married June 2,
1886, since she left there March 4,
189 5, after Mr. Cleveland's second
As a compliment to Mrs. Cleveland,
three members of President Cleve?
land's cabinets and two widows of his
Cabinet members were guests of Mr.
and Mrs. Taft, as were also Mrs. Ben?
jamin Harrison, widow of President
Harrison ,and Prof. Thomas J. Pres?
ton, fo whom Mrs. Cleveland is en?
gaged to be married. Covers for fifty
two were laid.
Officials of the Cleveland adminis?
trations present were:
Senator Hoke Smith and David R.
Francis, former secretaries of the in?
terior, and Hilary A. Herbert, former
secretary of the navy.
Mrs. David R. Francis, Mrs. Thom?
as F. Bayard, widow of Cleveland's
Secretary of State, and Mrs. Daniel
S. Lament, widow of Cleveland's Sec?
retary of War, completed the circle
of the Cleveland Administration
guests. Others were: President and
Mrs. John G. Hibbon, of Princeton
University; John W. Griggs, former
Attorney General and Mrs. Griggs;
President and Mrs. John H. Finley, of
the College of the City of New York;
Dean Andrew F. West, of Princeton,
and Robert T. Lincoln, fon of Presi?
dent Lincoln and a former Secretary
of War.
Xumber of Mistakes Made Daily h\
People Who Send off Parcels.
The i.pie are gradually-, although
slowly, catching ?>n to the regulations
governing the parcels post law which
is now In effect. Daily, however, mis?
takes are made by those w* tiding off
packages, mistakes due in large part
to the fact that the senders have not
inquired for Information at the post
office or read any of the printed ar?
ticles relating to the operation of the
parcels post.
The chief mistake made is the
sending of packages by parcels post
without the name of the sender in?
scribed on it. This requirement must
be complied with, or the person to
whom the package is sent will not
receive it. as it Is held and later sent
to the dead letter office, stamps
other than parcels post stamps are
put on packages which < f course
have 11> be turned back to the tender
for the regulation stamps.
It has been noticed at the local
postofflce that not a great many of
the parcels sent off are Insured, the
senders evidently being Willing to
trust to the malls without any extra
The city forces Saturday and Mon?
day ware engaged in repairing the
streets where they had been damaged
by traffic during the recent bad weath?
er. As soon as the pipe can be se?
cured it will be laid in the big ditch
on Mary Street and the ditch will be
cb st d.
todcy succeeded in drawing up a col?
orless note which will probably be
presented .Monday to the Turkish gov?
ernment. The document guardedly
advises Turkey to ylel on the ques?
tion of Adrlanople, but no suggestion
Is made of pressure being brought to
bear by the powers to Induce the ac?
ceptance of this advice.
No Fewer Than 7,000 Killed or
Wounded at Janlna.
Saloniki, Jan. 1".? Losses of the
Greek troops fighting against the
Turks of the vicinity of Janlna have
been very heavy.
To date tiny have lost no fewer
than 7,000 killed and wounded.
The sixth division >f the Greek
army left here today un r orders to
assist in the subjection of the Turkish
fortress of Janlna.
Congnmmmn Lerer Writes That lie
Will Vom for Confer-noo With
Chamber of Cnsnmctci?.-iieaker of
House. ? hump ( lark, Ininiiisl?
Private CJtlacns Entfosslastic.
The Chamber of Commerce is be?
ginning to la ar in no uncertain tones
of the advance copies of its pistol
resolution: recently r * out.
President Taft' .secretary has
acknowledged th? Mjy sent Mr. Taft,
with assurance ' j?*the President will
give prompt e .ycion to the sugges?
tions made. V the members of the
Cabinet eXC ^ die Postmaster Gener?
al have a? ? wledged, and the Post?
master f ?b ral's delay may be aus?
picious, among the many steps
SUggtf by the resolutions, the
singl i p that would go furthest to
kill t i pistol traffic and the habit
of pistol carrying is the suggestiom
that the mails be c osed to advertise?
ments and correspondence in con?
nection \.th the pistol traffic.
Speak- Champ Clark writes that
he read the resolutions with great in?
terest, and has referred them to the
propei channels of legislative action.
As far as the prohibition of pistol im?
porting ?s concerned, that would be
the ways and means committee, of
which I Wear Cnderwood is chair?
Mr. le er writes that he is inter?
ested r. the resolutions, but that ne
legtelatioa not already mapped out Is
apt to be considered during this short
session; ,Jid that before the regular
session opens in the spring he will
come 1* Sumter to go Into the pistol
resolutions and plans, suggested, with
the m< ?nbers of the Chamber of Com?
Seve'al letters have been received
fron? pnvate citizens enthusiastically
endors-ng the resolutions. They have
all beer, in return asked to get behind
their ounty members' of trie State
1 Sollt?.cistern States Ia\\ Ml Other
! Seeth os In Construction During
Washington, Jan. 8.?President
Finley of the Southern Railway Com?
pany, commenting today upon the
recor? of cotton mill construction dur?
ing the calendar year litt, said:
?The Southeastern States led all
other si 11 ? ns of the country in eoton
mill development in 1912. There
were ' . new mills built in the United
State- during the year Of these 20
were u the Southeastern States, out
.f " MOO new spindles 427.000, or
80 per cent, were in Southeastern
mills, and out of 9,744 new looms, 6,
450, or ti6 per cent, were in south
eastem mills. These QsjUreS refer
only to m W mills and take no ac?
count of the large additions made
during the year to existing plants by
which the manufatcurlng capacity of
the section was largely nu r. seed. The
ag^ gate increase has been so great
as practically to insure the maintc
nan of the record mads by the cot?
ton-producing states in the year end?
ed .UgllSt 11, 1912, when the mills
of the South consumed more cotton
tra'i those ,?f all other sections of
thi United States.1
Wo k Will Open With Cold Wave
i atf or the: Mississippi River and
Lower Tempera tu rev.
Washington, Jan. 12. The week
v 1 open with a cold wave east of the
Ittsisslppi river and lower tcinpere
tu.i will continue during the A rat
hall of the week, with gnerally fair
w? ither. according to the weekly bul?
letin Issued b) the weather bureau
tod. y
"In the Middle West? 1 says the bul?
letin, 'temperatures will be rising by
Tuesday, preceding and attending the
eastward movement of a ow pressure
over the Pacific const
"Snow will ?? oinpany this depres?
sion and b| T.ieedaj will cover the
western portion of the West Gulf
States to the rast word Lain and snow
.ltd risinK temperature may be expei t
after the middle of the week, while
111 the West there will be a r? turn to
I kir and colder weather with the sast
s ml movement. Another high prea
ire area now is over Alabama. To?
ward the end of the Week another dis?
turbance will appear over the far
f ort h cast, accompanied by rising
i temperatures and unsettled weather.

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