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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 31, 1917, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1917-01-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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THE atJMTKR WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850.
*<B? Junt and Frnr not?Dot ?II the endo
Consolidated Au*. 2,1801.
Atomt ht b? thy Conntr/'s. Thj God * and Truth's,"
THE TKCF SOUTHRON. Estabttshod Juni, ) ttfk
Vol. XLIII. No. 48.
Appeal for Peace la Behalf of Uu
msnttj Written by Dom Pedro la in
Spirit aa Message of President
to Senate,
London. .Jan. 26.?A hitherto un?
published summons to peace, ad?
dressed to President Lincoln during
the War Between the States by Em?
peror Dom Pedro of Brasil, and clos?
er paralleling President Wilson's
speech before the senate. Is publish?
ed in The Morning Post by Fred?
erick Harrison, founder of the Posl
tlvist society. Mr. Harrison says that
ho nan had access to unpublished
documents In the archives of the
United States and found among them
the Brazilian emperor's communica?
tion. The Poet heads the article,
"President Wilson's Pose." and fives
It the subheading, "An Interesting
. Mr% Harrfeon says the langt age by
ale Braailian majesty so ototely re
aenuhlea the rescript to the eenate
Jest delivered by President Wilson
that "one thinks that the president
recently looked up the emperor'a
mandate and its words were etche I
In hie mind."
Mr. Harrison then quotes the fol?
lowing passages from the Brazilian
I **X speak In the name of humanity
and the neutrals of South America.
Industry and commerce are se
affected by this most unac
war between the States of
America. The Confederate
ire me they are quite ready
to dlomiea terms of peace ....
the nggrenelve federals can
the name attitude peace will
he made. It is Inconceivable that
fjHj mighty elate of which I am em
fRfor should have oo part la thut en
fertee." s .
Rafter demanding <4to have a voice
I the eandHlsne em which.
I penoe i shall be made perma
because a peace which did not
le Brasil could not prevent a re
U of the war, the emperor cop
'There must bo peace I say nithou
victory . . . , . Both of you want the
name object aad neither of you run
feet all you want. The foundation ol
pence le the equality of State*,
whether they are slave-holding or
aot. and equality Implies freedom.'
After defending slave-holding, the
emperor concluded: "I speak for the
friends of humanity in every nation.
My voice le that of true liberty
throughout the world. These are
Brusllian principles, Braailian poli?
cies and they are the sacred princi?
ples of mankind."
Mr. Harrison adds that President
Lincoln did not reply to the emperor
end Is reported to have mid to his
"Take no notice of this hypocritical
swaggerer. The devil might as well
preach a sermon that the only godly
peace was to give meo and nations
free play to break the decalogue."
Republicans Applaud While Demo?
crats Row About Guardsmen.
Washington, Jan. 26.?Congress?
man Ragsdale In the house today at?
tacked the poiicy of the Secretary of
war as to State troops on the Mexi?
can border, saying that when he
(Ragsdale) called on the Seeretar:
with regard to the returning of th
South Carolina troops now there, h?
could not get even the aatlsfacttoi
of learning at what points the Caro
llnians are stationed.
Representative Heflln. of Alabama
came to the defr of Secretary Ba
k?r and brought ' .o president, say
Ing that he was willing to rely o
their wisdom and thought that if the
needed his advice about the troon
they would send for him.
Congressman Ragsdalo thereupo'
couvulsed the house by declaring: "
t>ruv God that the South Carolin
troops will not have to stay on th
border until the president sends fo
Tht colloquy between t 3 Alabam
l?n and Carolinian was at times heat
?d, and characterized by sharp e>
Changes of wit and sarcasm. Th
Republican side of the houso was d(
lighted and indulged In much ap
Pleuse, hoping to embsrrnsH th'
Democrats by spreading the "row."
New York, Jan. 2?.?Mrs. Kth<
Byrne Is gradually weakening ns th
result of the hunger strike which sh
started when she was placed In t)
penitentiary on Monday to serve .t
days for teaching birth control. Sh
has fasted nearly ninety hours.
Effort Being Made to Hove all of Col?
leges and Schools Represented.
(By Joe Sparks.) t"
Columbia, Jan. 26.?South Caro?
lina's section in the inaugural pa?
rade in Washington, March 6, will be
a representative one, if the wishes of
Qov. Manning are carried out. The
governor was delighted with the state?
ment from Charleston that the Cita?
del cadets are to take part in the
parade. It was pointed out by Gov.
Manning that military and school
bodies can secure very low rates to
Washington for the Inauguration. The
entire expenses for the trip will not
be more than $15, or $18 and the stu?
dents in the various Institutions will
not be out of school for more than
two days.
"The inaugural parade will mark
an important event In the history of
the nation. It means so much for
the South and South Carolina and I
am anxious for this State to make as
good a showing as possible," said
! Gov. Manning. "I think that the mili?
tary schools of South Carolina should
send aa many students as possible to
Washington to take part in the event
It would show to the people of the
nation the work that is being done for
preparedness in South Carolina."
The matter of making the trip to
Washington will be taken up with the
officials of Clemeon college. Bailey
Military Institute at Greenwood, the
Chick Springe Military School, Por?
ter Military Academy and the other
schools and colleges of the State.
It le probable that several special
trains will be operated from South
Carolina for the occasion. Oov. Man?
ning haa already accepted an Invita?
tion to attend the Inauguration. With
his staff, the governor will head the
South Carolina section of the parade,
atorerel companies of the First regt
White Citizens Invited to Attend The
Negro Conference This Tear at Co?
lumbia, February 7-9.
A few prominent colored as well
as many white citizens have suggest?
ed that wo should invite the leading
white mean farmers and others, to
nttend the South Carolina Negro Race
Conference in Columbia, February 8.
This conference was organized 10
years ago by myself for the purpose
of discussing vital subjects relative to
race adjustment and the betterment
of race relationship. Among other im?
portant subjects to be discussed at
this conference Is the migration of the
negro from the south to the north.
Beginning with the month of
March efforts will bo made in the
Southern States as never before, to
persuade laborers from the South to
go to the north and the west. The
slogan, by northern agents, is "one
million colored laborers from the
South to the North bv spring." Cer?
tain sections of Georgia and Alabama
have been almost wholly depleted.
The race conference will meet Feb?
ruary 7-9 and the subject of the mi?
gration of the negro will be taken up
at 11 o'clock on the 8th. Among the
prominent colored speakers are: W.
T. Andrews of Sumter and Rev. C. T.
Walker, D. D., of Augusta, Ga. Among
the white men who will speak on the
same subject are: Dr. Weston Bruner
of the Southern Baptist Home Mis?
sion Board. Atlanta, Ga., who will
discuss "Settling the Hace Problem
Through the Gospel." Dr. B. F.
Riley of Birmingham, Ala., Rev. C. C.
Brown, D. D., Mr. J. W. Norwood,
president of the Norwood National
Hank of Greenville, S. C.J Mr. J. M.
Klnard. president of the Commercial
Ha ik of Newbcrry and His Excellency,
Gov. R. I. Manning will speak also.
W. T. Andrews one of the lending ne?
groes of the Stuto asked nie to invite
prominent white men from every
county in the State to attend the con?
ference on the 8th. We hope every
leading colored man, preacher, teach
ind business man will be present. 1
now extend an invitation to our white
people to attend this oonforcm o. Bpe<
rial seats will be provided for them
at First Calvary Baptist ehurrh. We
are offered the use of the opera house
for the 9th.
Hew Richard Carroll.
Presdent South Carolina Negro Hace
New York, Jan. 27.?The record
of stock brokers' transactions this
morning began reaching the leak in
tulry committee representatives. Tli#
brokers have been informed that the
committee expected to make no more
modifications In its demands.
Resolution in Regard to
League Scheme Introduced in
ate by Borah.
Washington, ? Jan. 25.?(
work for the expected attack
senate on President Wilson's pro(
that the United States join a
for peace was laid today In Svj
lution introduced by Senator
reaffirming as a national poll
doctrine of no entangling
laid down by Washington and
I Unlike the pending Cumml
I lution, Senator Borah's pi
makes no direct reference to the,]
ident's peace address but It*
tion would commit the sei
"all matters coming before it
ing the intent or affairs of
countries, to conform its aots ft&jj
time honored principles so loi
so happily a part of our owfl^
There was no debate . the;*
lution but after its introduction;
ocratlc members of the forel
tions committee, went into il
conference and made plans
stall discussion of the matter
floor before the committee
sidered it. The Democrats
that the president had proi
departure from national
and that there is nothing In th{
lution to reflect on his utt<
Some leaders oven predicted
the resolution came to a vote
Democrat would support it;
declared discussion at thistloM
be futile and needlessly woul
rupt senate business.
Senator Borah, in present
resolution, asked that it go <yfi
a day but he did hot reveal
he would make an effort to
tomorrow.~||?enator Cummins*
cllaed to say whether he woull
at topwrow's 9?uAo? tyktei '
{ setting astric next fem
the president's address.
In a long preamble the Borah res?
olution quotes Washington's declara?
tion In his furevell address that "it
must be unwise in us to Implicate our?
selves by artificial ties," in the affairs
of the old world; a letter written by
Jefferson declaring that "our first and
fundamental maxim should be never
to entangle ourselves in the broils of
Europe" and Monroe's historic mes?
sage to congress, laying down the
doctrine of America for Americana
The resolution then says:
"Whereas, the policies thus early
announced by Washington, Jefferson
and Monroe and ever since adhered
to by this country regardless of politi?
cal parties, have contributed greatly
to the peace and happiness of the
people of the United States and,
"Whereas, we believe any material
departure from t _?se . licies would
be fraught with danger to the peace
And happiness of the people of the
United States, involving us, in all
probability in the controversies of
other nations; be it,
"Resolved, That the senate of the
United States reaffirms its faith and
confidence in the permanent worth
and wisdom of these policies and
shall seek in all matters coming be?
fore it touching the intent or affairs
of foreign countries, to conform its
acts to these time honored principles
so long and so happily a part of our
own policies."
If Senator Borah attempts to press
the resolution tomorrow, the foreign
relations committee Democrats will
move immediately that it be referred
to the committee. Should pronounced
opposition to that course develop,
however, the leaders declare that
Democrats will join the Republicans
in passing the measure.
Democratic opposition will be con?
tinued, however, to the Cummins res?
olution, which was discussed in a
general way at last night's conference
between senate leaders and President
Wilson. The president's exact atti?
tude was not revealed, but there were
Indications today that be was not in?
clined to take issue with the plans to
shut out debate on the peace issue at
present In order to prevent side track?
ing of other important legislation.
Chicago, Jan. 21.?May wheat broke
as much as seven cents today as the
result of heavy selling, which was due
largely U peace rumors.
Columbia, Jan. 2G.?The bill pro?
viding for a bond issue of $1.000,000
for the permanent Improvement of
the roads In Spurtanburg county will
bo introduced In the legislature in a
few days. The Spartanburg delegation
will not Introduce the measure until
tho commission provided under the
bill is selected.
Addresses Congress of Constructive
Patriotism on Need for Hacking up
League??Praises Wilson Plan.
Washington, Jan. 25.?The d
peace address of President Will ^ o
the senate was interpreted by : j
Root in a speech here tonight 't \
admission that there is no way- f
war except by preparation foi >
and as a denunciation of the c r
of Germany. He said he was ii ,^
sympathy with the purposes 01
speech, which contained "much |
idealism" ?
Mr. Root spoke before the Nat
Security league's Congress of ^~*t
structive Patriotism, beginning a three
day session. He oppeah^l earnestly
for a return to the "basic principle
upon which this government was
founded," universal military service,
as the only absolute measure of de?
fense. American freedom was threat?
ened, he declared, by the principle oi
"liberty of natonal evolution" as?
serted by Germany, the application
of which had meant the overwhelm?
ing of Servla and Belgium and which,
if advocated by the world, will mean
that "our American freedom will
surely die, and die while we live.*'
The former secretary of State con?
strued Mr. Wilson's proposal for a
league of nations for peace as mean?
ing the formation of a convention un ?
der which liberty of action would be
left to every signatory power to de?
termine its duty towards the mainte
j nance of peace.
"But observe." he added, "that that
agreement is worthless, meaningless,
unless the nations that entor Into it
keep their power behind it. It will
I be a worthless agreement on our part
if we have not a ship or a soldier that
we can contribute to the war, if war
s there be, for the maintenance of that
,i,-.'Miv Root turned also to the preni
' ^fimVs s*tiggestion that the present war
must end in a "peace without vic?
'"Now I sympathize with that," he
declared, "b't the peace that the
president describes involves the ab?
solute destruction and abandonment
of the principles upon which this war
was begun. It does not say Servla, it
does not say Belgium, but there the
chosen head of the American people
has declared the principles of the
American democracy in unmistakable
terms. And every word of that decla?
ration, which I believe truly repre?
sents the conscience and judgment of
the American people, denounces the
sacrifice of Belgium and Servia and
the principles upon which they were
The speaker's plea for universal
service brought his hearers to their
feet cheering time and again.
Alton B. Parker of New York pre?
sided today and Senator Sutherland
of Utah at the night session, the
speakers including S. Stanwood Mel?
ken, first president of the Security
league; Lawrence F. Abbott, Mrs.
William Cuniming Story, William
Cumming Story, William Roscoe
Thayer, Henry L. Stimson, former
secretary of war; George von L. Mey?
er, former secretary of navy, and Rear
Admiral Fiske, retired. Every speak?
er indorsed proposals of universal
service which will be formally recom?
mended In resolutions later.
Mr. Menken declared that despite
t\vo years of efforts the defense prob?
lem was unsolved. He credited Sec?
retary Daniels with having exercised
every effort to build up the navy, but
declared the Hall bill, known as the
national defense act, contained D
"treasonable" measure of "pork." He
demanded that congress meet in ex?
tra session to work out an adequate
military policy.
Says Wilson's Speech is Most Cour?
ageous Document.
Rome, Jan. 24.?Via Paris.? (De?
layed) Rope Benedict characterised
President Wilson's speech as the
"most Courageous document tbat has
appeared sim-e the beginning of the
war." An Italian translation of the
speech was given to the Pope by Car?
dinal Gasparri and the polnttff read it
with the keenest Interest giving signs
of approval of certain passages which
struck him, saying with much empha
sis, "Very good." and speaking of oth?
er! as "excellent." Concluding the
reading, the Pope said, "it contains
many truths and revives the principle?
of Christian civilization.'*
Paris. Jan. 27.?Eighteen persons
were killed and fifty hurt in a collls
ion between the Bourges-Paris express
and a freight train at Chateau-Neuf.
Reactionary Premier Saved From
Vote of Lack of Confidence by Mi?
kado's Action.
Tokyo, Jan. 25.?The emperor has
dissolved the house of representa?
tives. By a drastic step of dissolu?
tion Premier Terauchi dramatically
ended the existence of the house of
representative before even an op?
portunity was givn for a vote of lack
j of confidence in the ministry.
After the excitement caused by the
attempt to assassinate the leader of
I the constitutional party, Yukio Ozaki,
j the lower house was packed With
j spectators arid the session was a tu ?
multuous one.
Takeshi Yjkai, leader of the Kou
minto (national party), led the at?
tack on the ministry, accusing it of
being unconstitutional.
Confronted with the certainty of
an adverse vote Premier Terauchi
said the situation involved the pros?
perity of the empire and declared j
that while he maintained the confi
j dence of Emperor Yoshihito he could
! not accept the verdict of the house,
I Ozaki mounted the rostrum to con
! tinue his attacks on the government
when an imperial messenger sudden?
ly appeared with the rescript of dis?
solution. The members of the house
dispersed in an uproar.
Elections to the new house prob?
ably will be held in April or May.
There are indications that in view of
the criticism of a non-party ministry,
Premier Terauchi will throw his
forces to the Seiyu-Kai (constitution?
al party) which is said to favor the
new China policy outlined by Pre?
mier Terauchi and Foreign Minister
A political crisis developed at the
opening of the diet Tuesday. The
chief reason was the appointment of
Field Marshal Count Terauchi
premier last October.
This appointment was a surprise
both in and out of Japan and was
criticised unfavorably by Japanese
political leaders who contended the
premier did not command public sup?
port. He is regarded as a represen?
tative of the radical militarist fac?
tion in Japan, although in an inter?
view with the Associated Press short?
ly after his appointment he disavow?
ed any policies of aggression. Japan?
ese newspapers said the premier did
not command a majority in parlia?
ment and predicted that the outcome
would be a dissolution of the house
and a new election.
President Wilson Says That There
Should be Physical Training, But
Not Universal Compulsory Service.
Washington, Jan. 26.?President
Wilson, speaking Thursday to a dele?
gation from the Maryland League for
National Defense, which attacked the
national guarrl and advocated univer?
sal military training, rebuked them for
their "unrestricted language" and
said they would have a better chance
of his support if they were more rea?
sonable in their attitude.
The memor al, read to the president
by Major Rar dolph Barton, spoke of
the national guard system as a "dis?
grace" and "a failure." It urged uni?
versal compulsory military training
and service and mentioned the mobili?
zation of the rational guard along the
Mexican border as an example of the
failure of the system.
President Wilson told the delegation
that their attiuide closed the oppor?
tunity for discussion of the question
and was not helpful.
The president, discussing compul?
sory military service, declared that
unquestionably physical training was
needed and WOUld accomplish a great
deal "but it can be had without com?
pulsory military service."
He added that he was desirous of
doing the wise thing and that the sub?
ject was receiving his utmost consid?
eration. He vigorously defended the
effort Oeing made In congress to build
up proper military service.
Representative Gardae* of Massachu?
setts Does Not Want United States
in Lea gm?.
Washington, Jan. 27.?The United
Btates would not be a free nation it*
it had had to defend upon the arbi?
tration of disputes With other na?
tions, declared Representative Gardn?
er, of Massachusetts today in ad?
dressing the congress of constructive
patriotism here. He protested agalnsl
the United States entering the inter?
national league to enforce peace.
(jKHMANS attack and captcre
french trenches.
Five Hundred French Captured and
Counter Attack Repidsed?Germans
are Driving for Riga.
New York, Jan. 26.?The Ger?
mans stormed a line of French
trenches over approximately a mile
front near Hill 304 on the Verdun
front, Berlin announces. a French
counterattack during the night failed
to drive the Germans out. The Ger?
mans took about five hundred prison?
The Paris war office reports that
the German attack was delivered at
four points between Avocuurt wood
on the extreme left of the French
lines .about Verdun and Dead Man
Hill. This covers an aera of more
than three and a-half miles.
German advances in the Riga re?
gion on the Rusian front are report?
ed by Berlin. It is said that Russian
positions were taken on both sides
the river Aa. The Germans are ap?
parently striking for Riga. Berlin
j says the Germans took five hundred
; prisoners.
escaped from officer.
Desperado Rubs Red pep per in Deputy
Sheriff's Eyes,
i ?????
Spartanburg, Jan. 25.?After blind
, ing the deputy sheriff with a double
j handful of red pepper, a desperado
1 charged with a serious offense; in
North Carolina snatched the officer's
pistol away from the representative
j of the law, ran the conductor out of
j the car, and held all passengers terri?
fied until he could jump from the
, train, according to the story told here
, by people who were on a Southern
' Railway train this morning betvreen
? Spartanburg and Asheville, N. C. 1
Geter Davis, alias Joe Bennett,
j alias Joe Henson, was tried in Bun?
combe County, N. C. about two
?months 'JglT.-^nrd sentenced to sarve
' two years on the chain gang/ Ai of
! fleers were taking him to Jail he mftda
a break for liberty and succeeded in
reaching South Carolina. Here he
, chanced to run against an officer and
when searched a pistol was found on
his person. For carrying unlawful
j weapons he was sentenced to serve
; thirty days on the Spartanburg chain
! gang, and that sentence was complet?
ed Wednesday.
When the North Carolina authori
(ties were notified they dispatched
I Deputy Sheriff Bell to Spartanburg to
! secure the prisoner and bring him
! back, first warning the officer that
j .
I the offender was a dangerous man.
} Officer Bell secured his man about. 10
o'clock this morning and took passage
on a Southern train for Asheville, :irst
seeing to it that Davis had heavy
handcuffs on his wrists.
When Melrose was reached where
the heavy grade begins on the rail
j road the prisoner asked permission to
visit the toilet and the officer removed
the handcuff from the left hand.
Deputy Bell meanwhile stationed him?
self outside the door and as the train
lurched around a curve on the moun?
tain side running: approximately five
miles per hour, the prisoner stepped
from the toilet and flung the red pep?
per in the officer's face. Before Mr.
Bell could see or get his breath Da?
vis had snatched the officer's pistol
from the holster and notified every
man iii the car that one move meant
instant death. As the conductor en?
tered the car his life was also threat?
ened and the railroad official was
forced to retreat in haste from that
j coach. A few minutes later Davis
i swung from the train and is now sup?
posed to be at liberty in the North
; Carolina mountains.
, Ft ah Cavalry Trooi>ers Shoot Across
Border and Shots are Returned.
Tucson, Ariz., Jan. 27.?Forty mem?
bers of Troop B. First Utah cavalry,
commanded by Lieut. Arns, were ccn
i neeted with the firing at Mexican sol
I diers across the International line five
miles south of Ruby, Ariz., the Mex?
icans returning the ^hc * a tele?
phone message from Aravtea said the
Mexicans were from the Carrflnza
garrison at Sasabe. As far as known
none of the American troops were
wounded or killed. Reinforcements
are being rushed to the scene from
Nogales. Soldiers and civilians from
the scene reported seeing several
Mexican soldiers fall.
New York. Jan. 27.?The prison an?
thoritlee today forcibly fed Mrs. Ethel
Byrne, the birth control advocate who
is serving a term of imprisonment.
She collapsed after a "hunger strike"
lasting since Monday.

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