PtihU?*HMf Wednesday end tteiuronv.
OerTKKN PlIlJLlsHl >i? COMPANY
?umtkr, a a
11 M e?s em. j --to %<1v*o? ?
im? Ogv?r* nr?i loMi-tlun. . ....li.i".
?.??r? ?u'>?*')ti?nt insertion.M'
i'oatrmeu for thrt<? loobthi . i
?"i|?r wti1 h? ?i.h'H at redu? ??.1 rsos?.
a? vmroni u i'lnni OfJveh sub?
let ?0 ertv%|. !r>"*r^tt? wtll Charged
'??' ?<1 vrr f I**?r>er i*
? 0?? r*od irlhutrM of r-?i
?'U . h^r-j.-o for.
r_? sumttu ?'ii'htn?? w?* fnu:i<i
it. ao. tb* Tru? Southron Is
? v** rn# vvurhuuk'. and Southr>
? ? *>m* ih? ?<orr.Mne?i circulation and
? ? 4jsi?j*? ?f ?'?rih if the p?P"i"
. ?o u?t?*'(-^*il? rr?- !.???! irti wrbtlil
- ""'um ? *<iitat?i
Library for Darlington.
Darlington. Feb. *.?The early ?
tabllnhment of a Carnegie library in
Darlington la assured. A very
fdrable lot on Main street, betwcon "
square and St. John's High school,
has been secured for the buil III
Half of tbe lot was given to the li?
brary association by Mr. Bright Wil?
liamson and Mr. D. T. McKeithar.
and the other half was given by the
town. Andrew Carnegie has agre d i >
donate $10,000 for the building, pro?
vided the association will furnish the
lot and maintain the library* Dar- j
ll'igton has had for a ndmber of years
a library that has been Kept up by 11?
Civic I<eague and this collection
books will now bo donated to the iv ?
library. Work will start on the new
building as soon as suitable plans can
be drawn and the contract given out.
Bedding Sweet Potatoes.
Clemson College, Fcb 9.?The
sweet potato blooms under fa vorn' Ii
conditions, but produces no seed. It
is propagated from the tuberous root!
and vine cuttings. Sweet potato ?
may be bedded the lattor part 61
March or early April, according to
the advancement of the season or t'
latitude. The roots are bodded on I
warm exposure, as follows: The soil
should be excavated four feet wide by
four inches deep and of sufficient
length to receive the quantity to be
beddod. This excavation should be
filled with unfermentod stable ma- j
nure, over which soil to bo spread vo
depth of two Inches. Place the tu
f m Mfpaiafgrji uJ.i
sound tuber?. Into the
porous soft. Du not allow them to
touch ea^h other, covering evenly,
to a depth of four Inches, with
porous soil. Mulch the bed P/Ith
clean straw to prevent washing or I
baking when watered. When the
first plants begin to ePPOatf reJttdvi
the straw and stir the soil ligh>;
sufficient to destroy the gras? and
weeds. The bed should be w;
late In the afternoon, and if noct
eery, -sprinkle with a watering pot.
Kolng over twice; In order to gfi I
time for the first sprinkling to ? 1
For furthor Information wir*
the i Extension Division, Clcins<*n
<*<dlegs\ 9. C.
FORD PEACE Bl'BEAt' ENDS
W*11 go Out of ExUtcrM-e Murcli 1 SV
i-um? of (iennau- \merican Urea? J.
London, Feb. 10. A Iteutcr's
patch from The Halite say? that tlu '
I o*al peace burenu. established
Mensy Ford, the American manufs -
' irer, sill be closed March 1 on |
count of the breach of diplomatie
latlons between the United State.
To Clone Mnrch 1.
Detro?? Mieh . F< I? 10.?II
Ford's private seeretary today ????
firmed tho l*ondon dkBpatdll thai
Ford peace bureau at The 11.a
would be closed March 1.
THREE SHIPS SI BMAP.IM.D.
One f?arge and Two Small Mlip*
?Xqwi From Western I Vom.
New York, Pol || ?Daring th
only three ships have !>?? n r? :> .
submarined. Tbe British stem
Netherlee. of more Ihf U">i torn, u
the small British steamers Voltfl i
and Olivia have ????. n t??r| i doed.
The British advanced at the fi
more than three-c|uartora of a n
north of Beaumont - Hm no I. in
Omn region on Um Bommt front
ei.rdlng to a London i -port. I ?
reports British <>tta< ; <?>< fr..n'. ? I
Herre to Anere repulsed.
Washington. Pah II.?1 i
Wilson will Ix I to ;i pi !??>'
appropriation of f 'JOw.ooo for th? | ??
rd federal trade rommiss <? ?
agricultural department investli il
of tho high cost of foodstuffs.
Washington. FeY The pre
le i i acuminated t ii Pope of * if
'e to he post ma st r at thai "
vfee D. B. Traxler, resigned.
TO INPUT PAPER MAKERS,
Federal Investigation Reveals Buffi
elcnt Evidence lor Action.
Washington, Fob. 10.?Federal in
vcstigation of the news print papor
situation has uncovered enough evi?
dence, it was made known today.
\ arrant the Department of Justlc?
asking indictments of paper manufn<
I i rs for alleged anti-trust law Vlo?
lations. Already, it was learned, a
tederal grand jury in Now York i
taking testimony to determine if t! ?
has been a criminal conspiracy in re ?
straint of trade. Rainbridge Colby
i and Mark Hyman have been retained
is special assistants to the attorney
' general to aid in the inquiry.
The Federal Trade Commission,
Ahich has furnished much inform
tion on which the depurtment of iu
tire is acting, announced today tha
Francis J. Heney, of California, hi 1
been engaged as a special attorney in
the commission's inquiry into high
news print pru es, and that Under Ills
recommendation the OOmmlSSlon
would continue its investigation after
a preliminary report is made to ("it
gress early next week. Additional da?
ta will be supplied to the department
of justice as fast as it is obtained.
The report to congress, which
to have been made Monday, probably
will bo delayed for some days on ac?
count of the illness of one of the pom
missioners. It will be in the nature of
an interim report and will cover (hi
comm ssion's efforts to find a solution
for an apparent n? ws print short.i
and rellof for publishers from almost
prohibitive prices Which have obtains I
for about a year.
The trade commission, it is um' n ?
stood, will report that it has found
that Increases In nu?vs print pr
within the year are from four to twen?
ty times thai advance in production
costs. It will say there never has be m
ansactual news print shortage and thai
manufacturers have helped create
panic among publishers by Intimating
there was one.
MR. RICHARDSON'S FUNERAL.
The Funerul of the Principal oi" The
Calhoun School at Durham, N. C
Mr. E. D. Whisonant of the be
high school returned from Durh an
yesterday morning, where he bad
gone ns the official representative oJ
the schools to attend tho funeral oi
the principal of this school, Mr. J. ''
The funeral was held at 2 o'clock
on Saturday afternoon and was at?
tended by a large number of friend.-.
TTfr aodmilU uf tte WtTlttT^TreY^^
the illness of one of the other sons,
tho funeral was held nt tho\ hom^. A <
though threo of the rooms wer?? Open
ed for the friends, there were so
many present that there was a gres
number on the outside than could
accommodated within. Tho flora' -
fertngs were many and beautiful
tenting the esteem in which the
COnsral was held in his home town.
Telegrams were sent to Mr. Wh
onant from Sumter to purchase lb. -
Sri for friends here and these w. >
U'-eially beautiful. There were tl
i tributes from the City Board of
Kdttcatlon, from the touchers of the
SChOOl, fmm the gentlemen Wl 0 ha- ?
rooms in the building of the Toun |
Men*! Christian Association. fi
five of tho classes of the Calhe m
school building, and from individual -
Mr. Whisonant says that he w as a hi
to Ret beautiful flowers in Durham
and he reports that all of the m? i i
btigf of the family were very da y
touched and moved by this manit* si I
tion of esteem and sympathy.
The mother has sent a personal re
quest that her sincere thanks be
royal to the people of Sumter. v h
were so khld to her son, sick and a\.
from his home and loved ones,
wishes all of them to know how hl, :
ly she printf the kindness shown ?
her pon and bow greatly she vulu?
tiie indication of esteem. In Which I
s 11 hold by those who bau learned I
know and to appreciate him.
DROWN DOWN FARMER REG \
Writes of Almovt Incredulous l\vv*
cry of Health.
"From four yean of nervo
and weakness coupled with pclla
and total inability to work, to heal
and strength which enables. IIP
chop all day, is an almost unbeli
able step writes Mr. u. B, Lathen
prosperous farmer of TownvlUc, S.
"I ut i am here lo ''ear witness to
marvelous eurative power of Hulf<
NFor four Vi an i have sc u
Known what it was to be uble t"
any work, but now thanks lo Bulft .
Sol, of w hb h l have taken lhr< o
ties. I am able to do a bar-; tl
1 work every day. Until Juni re< m
waa hardly able to even write
ferro-Hol has done for me ahut
other remedies, seemed able to do,
i consider this Wonderful r-i<
? blessing to mankind."
Bulferro*8o1 's s,,bt and recomuv
??d by every Druggist i?? Bumicr
? < , ty Murray Drug Co , Mate
I ? nlmton
HOW TO FIG1IT THE HOLL WE
To the Editor of The News and Cou
! tier: Numbers Of the bankers, mer?
chants and farmers of the State are
aroused to the danger of the advanc?
ing boll weevil, but many of tin m
have no definite and easily followed
program, which will prove effective
In making the situation livable when
the weevil arrives, Any crop rotation
proposed must take into account rent
ers and share croppers, who are a ma?
jority of our farmers, and it must al
the same time appeal to the lav; .;|
landholder whose active cooperating"
Will be absolutely necessary. Every
authority on the subject agrees, first,
that the cotton crop should be. re?
duced; second, that food crops should
bo increased; third, that the Soil
should I 3 enriched, before the \\e< -
VU arrives. The increased food cropi
should, of course, be readily marl.tt
ablOi and should afford the maximum (
j Improvement to the coil. I believe we
have one crop?the DO or 100-day Vel?
vet bean which is admirably suited ,
J to this purpose, and 1 propose the fol-1
lowing recipe for the one-horse ten?
ant farmer, which may be read b y
adapted to use by farmers of any size.}
The average onc-horp? farmer now
plants say twenty acres of cotton end
four acres of grain (corn and oats.)
brfit his merchant and landlord in:il \\
OQ his planting this year six acred
or more of corn and eighteen acres o.
less of cotton. In the six acres ?<
corn insist that he plant early velvet
Next year (191S) have him ptan
nine acres of corn With velvet beans
and llfteen acres of cotton. Six acres
of these fifteen Will be behind the pr<
Vlouf year's volvet bran ferop anil will
require no fertilizer, except acid phos?
phate or ground phosphate rock, co.st- 1
ing $2 to $3 per acre.
In 11)19 the corn and velvet bean
crop should bo Increased to twelve
acres and the cotton reduced to twelv j
acres, nine of which will be beh iu! '
i he previous year's velvet beans and ?
require but a small outlay for fer
In 1920 t .o cotton acreage may ?
main at twelve acres and the ofcljc
twelve should again be put into c?e
and beans and each year thereafter*
the cotton will follow the bran ero-v
and the beans follow the cotton cron.
A cover crop of Abrussi rye, or 111
vorne cases crimson clover ahfnl? ;
ench year be put in the cotton.
While the boll weevil may hojtPt- 1
peieted to arrive here within twoyci|rs.
it is probable that his maximum
are will not come beforo
tttsT#Tnmnr~ir follower- , ,
acreage will by'then all be upovvl?ri.'
which hd?i the previous year pro(fu*od
UTS finest of humus and nltrofVov
Crops?velvet beans -the fertil er re?
quirement being less than 50 per cent
of that now considered necessary
LTnon such 'a ad and with such fer
Mlizing we may. by following the ty^v -
emment recipe for the production 0!
cf?fton under boll weevil condition:
expect to make at least as mueii^,
ton per acre as Is now being "male
With moderate fertilising the ?ftre -
may be expected to make not less than
ton bushels per Sere and the be:
not less than llfteen bushels. Thre<
hundred bushels of grain is now im?r?
than half the value of the prod.' < I
of the average twentv-four acres rcn1 -
cd or share cropped, and is quite SuPa
In value to the average cotton Cioj
upon the same acreage/
It will in most cases be nscessar;
to plant for horse feed about two acr< -
in oats followed by peas or beans t.
each twenty-four-acro crop. This fc
come out of the corn and velvet, benn
acreage and will not interfere with
the etlieiency of the scheme. lf*<'
, baCCC is planted It should come oUl 0<
I the cotton acreage.
The worst infested boll We< '
areas in South Qeorglu, Alabama ;
? Mississippi are now using this velve'.
' bean profitably. The farmers cjalu
that they can raise from twenty h
, thirty bushels per acre of beans l?' si
; an average com crop. Wherevi v tl ? !
I are being raised in any quantity ui
j mills and merchants have prepare*
I themselves to grind them for feed an
the farmers, I understand, are rec? ?
i Ing about $20 per Ion for them In tl
' hull. We ourselves, this year plant?
: fifty-nine acvf?s of these beans In ?
>?i poor, Sand) FOll. We m.-irle fjn
, t?*n to si.cteen bushels of corn
I from fifteen to twenty-seven I u;
of beans per acre, ti e average yhil
, beans being twenty and onc-b
bushels per acre (figuring nli
pounds per bushel.) We had fie
acres of these beans on better i
which produced thirty-three and oi
third bushels per acre, They an
magnificent food, suitable for f< ??'?
*'? mules and cattle without grind
I logs w ill also do well on 1 ?
though 't Is better to feed tl ?
j In order to grow velvol beut- i
? ressfully it is necessary to get I
In early. We recommend 1h<> phi
Ing of corn In seven foot rows
the planting of velv? t beans In an o ?
hovel furrow in the middles fi
April L'<> to May 1. <>n poor land \>'
one bean every eighteen to twei
tour Inches, on rich land one of '
b U ns e\ cry three or four f*. iM
preferred the beans may be planti
between the hills of corn. It is a
solutely necessary, howe ver, to ' g< i
them in very early if a full crop is to
It Will he impossible to ret the
operation of the tenant class in carrj -
Ins out this program unless they
assured a reasolnable tenure o 1
land. The land owner should ns>
his tenant that he will not he rcqui |
to move as long as he carries out this
rotation and properly cultivates his ;
One of the most attractive featui
of the program outlined above is thai
it is safe and practicable even if th<
boll weevil should delay or entir 1>
cease his progress, a theory for Which
there is no warrant. If adopted 1,
will result in the enrichment of 1
soils, the increase of livestock, a hi
reduction in farm expense, and an all
round sane farming system.
Another most compelling reason for
greatly Increasing the production of j
grains and live stock is the world w 1 !
in which it seems this nation will l><
forced to become a participant. A food
famine threatens half tho world an
even this great food producing nan ?
has no adequate surplus with Which
to relieve the necessity of other 1?
pies, and is itself feeling most acut
ly the high cost of the necessar ?
of life. Both self-interest and patriot- |
ism should at this juncture induce cv
ery farmer in this country to produce
all the food stuff possible.
I hope very much that every Im I
owner, banker and merchant in the
State will realize tho absolute ne- <
sily of using his most earnest effort
to secure the adoption of this or some
closely similar program thlt very year
by all our farmers, both large and
small, white am! black. It is nor I
mainly a Question of phlanthropy; it is
ono of actual bread and butter, in 1
which the banker, merchant and pi
fessional man is just as much interest?
ed as is the farmer. Let us then .
wake up before it is too late and
the obviously necessary thing for our:
own and the State's safety and pro.f
perity. David R. Coker,
Hartsville, S. C, Feb. G, 1917.
Cottonseed Meal for Mules.
A North Carolina rentier ask
"What kind of cottonseed meal
used for feeding mules, the kind rm 1 -
chants ca.ll cow meal or fertilize "
meal? Which is cheaper, cotton^e 1
meal at $2 a hundred or Wheat bran
at $1.80 per hundred?"
There is a low grade of cottonseed
meal, which is made by grinding large
quantities of hulls with the meal, that 1
is called "cottonseed feed meal," and |
this may be what our reactor says"tnH ;
merchants call 'cow meal." But this'
only Illustrates how important it is
that the man who buv3 meal should
buy it on its analysis and not by name
or by the merchant's statements about |
it. The analysis is on a card or tag 1 n
each sack, and the best meal to buy,
f r any purpose, is the one which con?
tains tho most protein, nitrogen or
ammonia. That la the only safe rule
in buying cottonseed meal. If on One
sack it is given as ammonia or nitro?
gen and on another as protein, it ?
still easy to tell which is cheaper. . f
only the nitrogen or ammonia Is gi
en, and not tho protein, which will s
the case if the meal 1ms been put on
the market for fertilizer use, multiply
the per cent of nitroeren by 6 1-4 and
that wiP give you the per cent. of
protein, then the comparison is easy.
Buy the grade of cottonseed no i
which furnishes a pound of protein ->ri
nitrogen cheap- -;t.
Cottonseed meal at $2 a hundr
pound! is a cheaper source of prop in
than wheat h at. at $1.80 a hundred
pounds. For feeding mules, to bal?
ance a corn ration, the cottons* d
meal is cheaper and better. For feed?
ing horses and mules, when the bill
of the grain ration is corn, two poun -
of cotton see.i meal are probnl y
worth four pounds of wheat bran.
Two pounds of cottonseed no '.
about tile tight amount, to feed a
000 pound mule daily. Will cost t < ( 1 y
while I pounds of wheat bran \ '!
cost 7.1 cents. ? Progressive Farm '.
Owing to the partial destruction of
tin* corn crop in this county by ll v
.July storm there is already, or will l .
before this year's crop is harvested a
great shortage of corn; and the prob?
lem of feeding lair S and male
keeping them in proper condition or
work, will be one that will give < ir
farmers much thought and worrj tt
may be that 'he use of cotton seed,
meal to supp!< mem the corn rat a.
fed to wolle Stock will help t.) sol
Ihe problem ami also materially 1 ??
duco the expense of feeding tjicxn.
Cotton seed meal is cheaper and n ? >
easiy obtained In this section .
corn, and if it can be used as a subs
tuto for a part of the ration that ?\ ?
1 Ftock need, it woud ho well for t!
who are slmit of corn lo look into lie
s matter and givo cotton seed inea u
WE HAVE?\ limited quantity >
Carolina Golden seed rice at !
per buslud. Those who conl
plate planting rice better set e
their seed immediately Sun
MAIL ORDER GOODS
Spread Contagious Diseases
Attention is being called by many trade papers to th$
idea that Mail order goods have considerable to do with the
Spread of In?ec*icus Diseases and there is undoubtedly
some grounds for this assertion*
Mail order goods are? sold rverywhsr^. They go into the filthy
huts of the Mexiran alor:^ th<; Rio Gr n l< and into the disease in?
fected rooms of the sweat shop workt rs in the cities. Many of them
are returned under the exchange, money back and freight paid bcth
ways guarantee of the catalogue houses, only to be rushed out again
to other buyers. Beyond question disease is carried in this way per?
haps more than we have any idea of.
It is hard to see just hew this can be controlled, but certainly if
it cannot be handled by stale and national health officers, then laws
should be passed regulating thic matter; as mail order houses should
not be allowed to jeopardize the hea-th of the rising ?t*-eratioD in
their ruthless grab for dollars.
When mothers don mail order garments and view themselves
reflected from the mirror; what would their pleasure be if they could
see the many ghastly, grinning skeletons that may lurk beneath every
fold of the chiffon, voile and lace, and to know that when they hold
their babe or a neighbor's tot in their arms, they may be breathing
into their little lungs germs of Infantile Paralysis, tuberculosis, ty?
phoid or some loathesome disease?
Mail order trading is your privilege, Dear Mother, but in the
purchase of shirt waists, cloaks and suits, as a matter of precaution
request the mail order concerns to fumigate the articles before
shipping to you.
' With best wishes,
_M. O'RiLEY, North, S. C
To The Planters
of Sumier County
We want you to call upon us before you
buy your Fertilizers this season.
We can and wall save you money.
Fertilizer materials are higher propor?
tionately than mixed goods.
It will pay you to talk it over with us be?
fore you buy.
HARBY & CO., Inc.,
SUMTER, S. C.
Lumber, Lime, Cement
BUILDING MATES l/VL GENERALIS*
\ MO FRED Ol MX KIND*
BOOTH & McLEOD.
--M??? . ? . \ in JU.oitt 5tnd*f T.?TnU?r & Su^p'y Co.
ti* ?. Apportion*? l>|?| N?*n.d Opi?? Court Houi
Et E2OTHING AT ONE PLACE.
ur National Strength
The Nation's might is influenced by
its every citizen. Patriotism is for all.
And one of its practical forms is intel?
ligent, individual effort that develops
collective financial Strength?SO im?
portant a factor in national surpre
Conservation upon the part of the indi?
vidual-?the building of a surplus?is
essential to both nit tonal and personal
The Officers of this Institution stand
for America fir* t---and all the time.
The National Bank of
(?\ SUM 1 KR'S IU SIEST CORNKR?
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