OCR Interpretation

The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 06, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1918-11-06/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

i hi -; i - ~ l . ?
Consolidated Aug. 2, l
IE till 11?
LO???oh Makes Official Announce
>1n?nt. .of Signing-of Armistice Be
tween Austria-Hungary and Allies
tb Take Effect, Today?Defection
Germany of. Lost Aily-~
Milltary Observers Think
of Huns Will. Qufckly
Submission of Versailles
;>London, Noy. 3, ?.12 P. M.?An.ar
fllj&tee with Austria was signed this
idtterhooh by Generial Diaz, the Ital
i&n. commander in chief, according to
aif ' official annodneement made - here
?|s:itfternoon. The text of the state
ment iceads:
C"A telephone message has been re
ceived-from the prime minister in
l^^S^s?ying that news has just come
i^?i^ustr^-Hungary, the\last of Ger
's props, i has gone out of the
^^?6:arm^ce was signed by Gen
eral Dial this afternon and will come
irvt? Operation ^morrow at 3 o'clock.
The terms will be published -Tues
i . Paris; Nov.' 3, 6.50- P M. (By the
?^ssbo?^ed Press>;:--iOnicial announce
ment was made here-thisevening that
ah ejinistice has been . signed with
Austria. Hostilities will cease at S
^?o^fc Monday .^afternoon. The con
ditions of; the armitsice will be p?b
ttshed on Tuesday.
.-' Official, announcement of the sign
ing of the Ausiriah armistice reached
tiic premiers while-they Were in ses
j$&h^hs the apartment of Colonel
Hfiuse, President Wilson's persona;
i^Cp^B5^ntativer this afternoon, and
^y:e;the greatest itajsfaction. It was
a^r?nged that ? the conditions of the
armistice would be made public
j'39^n^gton, Nov.; 3.?Armistice
Which the Austrians have ac
?te? are; expected here to furnish a
. sar ;intiex to those Which the su
?gj^^r^lt council at Versailles i
?for Germany. Consequently
J^^^M^Catioh will carry greater
*k?hce than otherwise would at
sihce.tlje Austrian srurender ha:
^^^trnted in advance by the in
Ltion of the dual mon
id-.^the. collapse of the Aus
itfan forces oh the Italian
jclal announcement. that the ar
mialce "had been signed reached th;
|p^;;^partnieni-;'today. In making |
thos'-itnown Officials gave no indica- '
*'^femsl*'S^^d,;- nor wav
:any explanation of why cessei
tM iho^ilttfesi. Had been delayed
ri'br'.'more after the actual
Of .^h?. . articles of surrender:
generally accepted view* how
" fer?^d ^? ;be that it was desired
v^ virrn^^'all.Italian soil freed,
Ja^iaiy- :?. troops'before the Italiar |
;jfifi^?>were" committed to end their \
??JISgj?i&&-'\iS>Oh.' the routed Austrian
>jf^j??ta?ry jnen here said the terms
fe^5lt'?|f6 supreme war council had
'jp"ep?recr: would make it impossible
|.<^)i^-jAustrians to renew hostilities
and- probably included the disarming
%X the enemy troops and occupation
|& strategic points as well. Some of
??|?b^--.'namely Trent and Trieste, al
W^Tttave been occupied by Italian
?d. allied forces.
:{<;Free. movement; of the allied forcer
ih^pughv Austria to attack Germany
?o^ the so?th^jshould the supreme
^^.oommand decide such a stroke
nece^ary in*''the future, also is ex
pected to be stipulated.
:-: Unofficial reports from Vienna to
-f&y ^J5jf: the Germans were preparing
?pof stjch' an attack by fortifying the
Bavarian frontier. The defection
Austria leaves Germany stripped of its
jpijt.ally and military men here both
4|jKd and -American believe that her
capitulation will follow soon after the
terms fmro Versailles are submitted.
v E^hanges of views between Col.
t?*House, special representative of
k Ar?xerican government in France.
the; suited, premiers continued to
ut Colone) ?ouse's home in Paris
and apparently" the general terms for
^rrr^iny are not. yet ready for sub
mission, to the Allied military leaders
|pr their consideration with regard to
j^itairy necessities. Colonel House
J&'fctifeping President Wilson con
stantly, "advised as to the progress of
events." .
? Great importance is attached here
to the .allied and American govern
ments in deferring peace settlement?
with Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria un
til Germany also shall surrender or
be;crnshed. -
...\Tjiis\ policy; is cptinted upon to pre
X^m any eleventh hour attempt on
Qjjfr>i)?rt of the Germans to sow seeds
6& .discoid among the allies.
view of the-general situation the
smashing. Franco-American victories
iforth and west of Verdun are regard
ed as' significant. Unless an armistice
interrupts, it is believed the thrust
will be pressed, home relentlessly to
cut the German front in the West in
half before there is another halt.
With hardened .mountaineers of the
Italian army available for use else
where with the .surrender of Austria,
some observers look for immediate
preparation for the invasion of Ger
many by way of Alsace-Lorraine.
Italian picked troops might be spared
at otice to join such a campaign, as
they would not be needed to carry out
operations incidental to the Austrian
Not only will the whole fighting man
power of allied and American armies;
I.e available how for the task of ;
crushing Germany's defensive front, j
but to supplement the already vas-Iyi
superior equipment of those armies :n;
guns, aircraft and all other war raa
chinery, there is now at the disposal
ihe? Apr?, 1850. "Bs Jem ?
.881. S?1
Terms as Finally Agreed Upon May
be Known to World Sck>n?rSnre tOj
be Practically Demand for. Snrrcn-i
der?No Middle Ground. !
j Washington, N6V. 2.-r-The supreme
I war council at Versailles, it was.
[learned today through diplomatic
l channels, has under consideration, as
the starting point in framing terms of j
[ah armistice, proposals' that.Germanyi
! be required to withdraw her armies'
without their military supplies or thej
loot being carried from France and]
Belgium, to a zone- 30 miles to the|
German side of the Rhine aiid that;
the entire Gerthan navy including
submarines and4 the Helgoland fort
resses be surrendered.
It is possible that the conditions
I when finally agreed upon may hot
' emerge from the council in. exactly,
this shape but it is believed they
be no less potent;for preserving, the
military supremacy Of,the allies, ajici
iat the same time offer propositions
; which the Germans may accept wkh
! out further fighting.
The same information coming
through *ne same sources; indicates
that the armistice terms -' as nnally
agreed upon may be made known to
the world Monday or Tuesday and
that they , will be presented to Ger
many for acceptance in their entirety
or not at all, without opportunity for
Quibbling or trading.
From a military point of view t!hc
proposal that the German armies be
disarmed and retired 30 milesi/beyo'tid
the' Rhine is classed only ", as tanta
mount to an absolute surrender. It
would not only throw open to the al
lied and American . armies \ .many
roads1 to Berlin itself, but- with the
surrender of railway tolling stock de
prive them of means' to retrace their
steps to fight if they would.
' There is some question among mil
itary observers as to whether.. such
complete terms are., really necessary.
Undoubtedly the object sougnt in pr -
posing that the enemy retare -30 miles
behind the Rhine vis to destroy the
German inner* defense systehL That
system is supported by a chain pi
fortresses without whfch the line
would , be untenable and . some mili
tary experts believe it may not be
necessary to go farther, than to de
mand the surrender or -dismantling of
those forts.
The military discussion develops. I
by the proposals.brings a suggestion
that a wide zone might, be established
within the borders, of Germany from
which - the atmed ?, forces of Xhptk
sides might be withdrawn until peace
treaties /finally, have JBxq? new boun
daries. The French ' and Belgian
frontiers are expected to be reocct
pieji by the allied armies bat-it might
i develop that' as the German forces
would be required to fall back tiv
German frontier provinces might b'
left unoccupied in ? military sense.
It seems certain to military*'experts
here, however, that the terms will In
elude the surrender of the Metz forti
fications and such of the Rhine forte
as will clear the way for military in
vasion of Germany to an extent mak
? ing resistance futile
j President Wilson" c^.itinued toda-,
! to keep in touch with :he war coun
cil at Versailles through his personal
representative, Colonel House. No
one in Washington outside; of the in
ner official circle knows the exact ex
tent of Colonel House's powers but
they are believed to be very large
They probably do ? not. go to the ex
tent of authorizing the conclusion 9
any binding agreement for an armis
tice or peace without approval of th<
It has been, of, course, deemed in
; advisable to diselose what is goinr
J on at Versailles, certainly not whih
j the proceedings are still under way
! and before the various views of th?
] delegates have crystal ized into ulti
mate terms to -'be offered to Ger '
many. .Aside from the danger fron
I an open discussion while questions are
j still unsettled it is regarded as dis
I courteous between nations for one of
} the parties to the conference to makt
j any disclosure until an agreement has
'been reached. It is even probable!
j that this rule , will govern until the
I terms have' been presented to Ger
| many.
j In some quarters there is a disposi
tion to tUrn to the Turkish armistice
I as affording a very likely precedent in
j its general principles to the demands
j to be " made upon Germany, though
J there would of necessity be great va
I riations in detail owing to the differ
I ent conditions.
i .
j Will Vote on Question of Monarchy
or Republic.
London, Nov. 4.?The population of I
Hungary a month hence- will vote on!
the question of monarchy or republic, I
according to a Copenhagen dispatch. {
In the balloting the women will havej
the same electoral rights as men.
Private James D. Evans Killed in Ac
Mrs. Ben Myers, of Hagood, ha6"
just received a telegram from the
adjutant general informing her of th?
death of her brother, James D. Evans.}
who was killed in action on Septem- j
ber 30. He was among the first to I
be called from Sumter county, and j
at the time of his death was a private |
in Company D, 118th Infantry, of the]
30th division.
of Marshal Foch all the Bulgarian
Turkish and Austrian military equip
ment. Tn answer such a conclusion
Germany has only depleted reserve?
of men, guns an* fiunitions.
id Fear not?Dec aD the ends Thon Att
11 SWE?P |P?
Italian Territory Long Held in Subjec
tion by Austriar Has Been Redeemed
by Last Great Victory.
Rome; Sunday, Nov. 3.?-The entire
Italian front continues to - move for
ward, it is officially announced.
From Tbnale to Lake Garda west of
Trent the Italians "are; progressing.
They are ;&lsb advancing on the Rivaj
and other points west of the Adige. |
? - I
Dual Monarchy is ?nt of . The War
and Country Will i Joc Occupied jby
Allied Forces?Anhyaud N4vy pis
armed and Subject to Orders of
Gen. Fpch. ft
Washington, by. 4.?The .terms o
the armistice under* which .the Jftha
and . sea forces of the Austro-Hnn
garian empire laid down ?ieir/?rms
which were announced i today ^sim
ultaneously in Washington ariu, the
allied capitals, accomplish the- com- ;
plete surrender and open Austrian and j
Hungarian territory for American j
and allied operations against Ger
many. : v . - * ; . '
The terms include theeoihplete de
mobilization of all Austrian forces,
the surrender of half the .artillery ahd
military equipment, the occupation by
American and* allied^ forces of such
strategic pl??es as may-later be se
lected, the ruse of Austrian railroads
for operations against Germany, the
evacuation 6i invaded territory, the
surrender of ? portion of the Austrian
surface, Submarine fleets and the dis
armament of others under Americar,
end allied control, the surrender of
all German submarines in Austrian
waters, the repatriation ofj allied and
American prisoners without reciproc
ity. ...
The terms of the -armistice w?re
carried out under the , direction -of
Gen. Foch.
AH. German troops in .^ustro-Hun
gary, Italy or the Balkans must be
out or interned within fifteen days.
The destruction of . any property by
the retreating forces is specifically
The document is believed to give an
accurate outline of the conditions new
nearing completion at tile; Versatile!?
council under which.. Gerinahy may
.have a cessation' of ? Hostilities.' .
. Under the Austrian . armistice the "
evacuation . of Austrian territory yri":
roughly correspond tot he boundary
lines claimed' by Italy under the Ital
ian irredentia or, treaty of Loh. Ton
program. The right of occupation by
allied forces is reserved, the local au
thorities to maintain order under al
lied supervision. . "
The ships/to be surrendered Include
fifteen modern Austrian submarines
three battleships, three light cruisers,
nine destroyers, twelve torpedo boat
and mine layers, and six Danube
monitors. The free navigation of ill
Austrian waters by both the war and
Commercial fleets of the allies 13 pro
Tided for. The Danube route will be
kept open by occupation br dismantl
ing the fortresses to be selected fc'
the allied commander* The existing
blockade of the allies against Austria
remains unchanged. All'enemy na
val aircrafts are to be '.put . out of
commission and concentrated undei
allied control. AJ1 Austrian ^harbor
and other equipment in occupied Ital
ian ports is to be left untouched^ AI?
fortresses protecting Austrian naval
bases' or stations are to be occupied.
The arsenal at Ppla is psecifically sur
rendered. The only organized military
force Austria is permitted to retain,
is limited to that necessary to main
tain order in her own-borders.
Full Text of Armistice Under Which
Austrians Laid Down Arms Reaches j
Washington, Nov. 4.-^-The terms)
of the armistice under^ which the j
Austrian and Hungarian;, armies laid j
down their arms today.have been re-j
ceived in full at the State department. I
They will be made public during th* I
day. I
German Business Men Take Action.
Amsterdam, Nov. 2 (By the Asso
ciated Press).?German banking and
commercial men after a meeting have
sent the government a declaration ir.
favor of acceptance of the entente's
armistice conditions, according to th? [
German papers. The declaration pre
sents an argument, against thos^
who hope for an improvement of the
situation from a continuance of the!
war and demands measures for fa- J
cilitating peace, even if sacrifice^ I
are 'required.
British Air Forces Harrass Germans
in Metz Region.
London, Nov. 4.?Railways, air- J
planes and hangars in the region east
of Metz were attacked today by the
British independent air fcfrce. it is of
ficially announced.
Defeat of Germany Relieves Them of!
Copenhagen. Nov. 4.?The indica-'
tions are that Russia will refuse toj
make any further indemnity pay-;
?nents to Germany, according to the
Frankfort Gazette.
B*'t at. be thy Country'*, Thy God'? a
PlflCTEIT FOfl f 1?.
Justice to Be Meted Oiit to The Bloody
Criminals Who M r de Belgium a
Hell on Earth.
London, Nov. 4.?The establish
ment .of a grand court of allied repre
sentatives, civil and military, for the
purpose of trying those guilty of
crimes during w?r, was adverted to
by &ir Frederick fedward Smithi Brit
ish attorney-General,, in an interview
printed in the Daily Express today.
Lord Robert Cecil Tells ot Armistice
and Gives Views on Other Front.
London, Nov. 'L-^The armistice ac
cepted by Turkey amounts to "com
plete and unconditional surrender."
This statement was -made by Lord
Robert Cecil, assistant secretary of
State for foreign affair^ to the Asso
ciated Press tonight. .
Lord Robert emphasized the state
ment of the foreign office to the As
sociated Press by saying that "no se
cret undertakings * or engagements
have been made with Turkey as far
as the British government is concern
He added that the armisice had
i been signed by Great Britain on beh?K
lot:all the allies. :
I Discussing conditions'. in Germany.
Lord Robert said the indications 'of
the last .day or two were that the
Pan-Germans Were losing their hold.
He declared that no Eolsnevikism had
been reported in Germany, but that
it was spreading in part of Austria, j
;. London, Nov. 1 (By the Associated
Press).?A large fleet of the ? lates
types of British mine sweepers toda:
began the tedious task, of clearing th<
Dardanelles of mines and other ob
structions. This work, together wit'r
other -safeguards which the allle?
consider to be necessary before th
allied, fleet enters the. tortuous water
way leading past Constantinople ano
through.the Bosphor?s to the Blacfc
Sea, will .take severa) days, in the
opinion of the British admiralty.
A fortnight ago the allied fleet tesi
ed_ the , efficiency Of the forts inside
the ^Dardanelles by dropping a few
shells on them. The reply of the
?urks wasquick, and fairly accurate
thawing .that the fortiftqatkms are str
in good'shape* --i$e;5.6.mile passage
through the waterway , is a veritable
sea of mines and, other obstruction.-?,
which .it will require some iittje tithe
to remove.' In addition, the mine
sweepers will be ]? hindered by the
swift currents, which are stronger a'
this season of the year 'than at any
The allied fleet, it is believed 'is sur;
?to-iCome to grips with the old Rnssiar:
fleet in the Black Sea, ir the war con
tinues a few weeks longer. There is
j every reason to believe that the Ger
man fleet in the Biack Sea con
sists of ? seven pre-dreadnaughts
two cruisers and 12 submarines, be
sides at least 26 other types of war
craft. The enemy has the advantage
of three good bases m the Black See
?Odessa, Sebastopol. and Nikolaiev?
but it is likely they are short of am
munition. At Nikolaiev four cruis
jers are being built One of them is
nearly completed ; j
How * German Bank Was Beaten ou'
of 600,000 Marks.
New York, Nov. 2.?The Prussiar
state bank in Berlin has been the vic
|tim of a singular fraud, say German
newspapers. A foreign commercic7
house transmitted to the bank th'
sum of 600,000 marks to be credited
, to the account of a foreign bank. Th*
letter referring to the transaction war
intercepted and a forged letter wa?
substituted irt which the bank was di
rected to deposit the sum to the cred
it of a Berlin metal firm.
Two days later the metal firm drew
the amount in cash- The fraud was
discovered sometime later when the
foreign bank desired to make use o)
the money. It was then discovered
that the metal firm was not in ex
Americans Are Hammering at Th*
Doorway of Metz.
Washington. Nov. 4.?The firs'
American army has captured the
dominating heights northwest of
Verdun, and its heavy, guns are firinc
on important railroads at Montmedy
Longuyon and Gonflnns," according V
Gen. Pershing's communique for Sun
day evening. Also the announce
ment is made of an advance of I'
miles on an eight mile front in three
days for the first army. Five thou
sand prisoners and more than a
hundred guns were taken.
Still Maintain The Fight on The Aisnc
Paris. Nov. 4.?The Germans main
tained artillery activity throughoul
the night on a fifteen mile front alon?
the Aisne. between Rethel and Semuy
it is officially r.-dnunced.
One of Our Fleets Will Occupy Aus
trian Port.
Amsterdam. Nov. 4.?It is very pop j
itively reported from Pola. the Aus
trian naval base, that Trieste wil
soon be occupied by an American
fleet. 1
?4 Tmrtfc'i." THE TRUE
' _/_
Germans and Austri?ns, Military, Na
val and Civilian, WOl be Forced to
.Leave Turkish Dominions Within
One Month.
London, Nov.. 1 (By the Associated
Press).?The ; terms of armistice
granted by the ?llied powers to Tur
key follow: ?
'U. The opening of the Darda
nelles and rthe Bosphorus and access
to the Black Sea. Allied occupation
of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus
"1 The position of all mine fields
torpedo-tubes and other obstructions
in Turkish waters are to/be indicat
ed, and assistance given to sweep or
remove them, as may be.-required.
'% All available inform?tion con
cerning mines in the Black Sea is to
be communicated. ? '. ?
"4. All allied prisoners of war and
Armenian , interned persons and pris
oners are ^to . be. collected in Constan
tinople and handed ever unconditio
ally to the allies^ > \ \[,
"5. Immediate demobiH??tion of
the Turkish army, except such troops
as. are required for surveillance of thej
frontiers and for the maintenance ot i
internal order. The ndmber of effec
tives and their disposition to be de
tericnined later by the lilies aft^r; con
s?ltation with the Tiirkish govern
"6. yThe surrender, of all war. ves
sels in Turkish waters or waters oc
cupied by Turkey. These, snips wir
be interned in such Turkish - port bi
ports as may be directed, fekce'pt sueb
small vessels as are reqtiirfed for po
lice and ^similiar purposes in Turkish
territorial waters. ^ ,
"7. The allies are to hav? the right
to. occupy any strategic points ; in th<
event of any situation arising '? which
threatens the security of the allies
"8. Free use by allied ships Of a!
ports and anchorages how in Turk
ish occupation and denial of their-us?
by the enemy. Similar conditioh?
are to apply to Turkish mercantil?
shipping in Turkish waters for* th
purpose of trade and the demobilize
, tioh of the army.
"9. . Allied occupation of the Tau
I rus tunnel system,
j "10. Immediate withdrawal o
I Turkish troops "from Northern Persie
I to;behind, the pre-war frontier al
ready has been ordered and will b
carried out.
."11. A part of ? Trans-Caucasia al
readj- has been ordered to be. evacu
ated tjyJTurkisb troops. The remaind
eiLto-be evacuated, if required by th
allies after. they Save studied the sit
nation1. ? ;. '
f&%% Wireless, telegraph .and .'cabl^
stations to be controlled by. the allies
Tiirkish government messages to b*
"13. ^Prohibition against the de
struetionV ?* a?y navali:;'military o;
commercial material. ' ??'
;*'14. '.facilities.are to be given fo
the purchase of coal, oil; fuel and
naval material from Turkish source >
after the requirements of the couhtn
have been met None of the above
materials are to bet exported.
": 5, The surrender of all Turkisl
j officers in Tripolitanla and Cyrepaic:
to the nearest Italian garrison. Tur
key agrees to stop supplies and com
munication with these officers if the;
do not obey the order to surrender
"16. The surrender or all garrison
in Hedjaz, Asslr, Yemen, Syria an'
Mesopotamia to the nearest, allie;
commander and withdrawal of Turk
ish troops from Cilicla, except, thos
necessary, to maintain order fas wil
be determined under clause 6.
.17. The use of all ships and repai
facilities at all Turkish ports and
"18. The surrender of all ports oc
cupied in Tripoiitani and Cyrenaica
including Misurata, to the nearest al
lied garrison.
"19. All Germans and Austrian?
naval, military or civilian, to be evac
?ated within one month from T?rkis!
dominions, and those in remote dis
tricts as soon after that time as ma;,
be possible.
20. Compliance with such order,
as may be conveyed for the disposa
of equipment, arms and ammunition
including the transport of that por
tion of the Turkish army which is de
mobolized under Clause 5.
"21. An allied representative to be
attached to the Turkish ministry o'
supplies in order to safeguard allie:*!
interests. This representative to be
furnished with all aid necessary fo*
this purpose.
"22. Turkish prisoners are to be
kept at the disposal of the allied pow
ers, The release of Turkish civiliar
prisoners and prisoners ov military
age is to be considered.
* "23. An obligation on the part o
Turkey to cease all relations with th<
cefi tral-powers. .
'24. In case of disorder in the si:
Armeinian vilayets the allies reserve
to themselves the right to occupy an:
part of them.
"28. Hostilities between the allier
and Turkey shall cease from noon, lo
cal time, Thursday, October 31
Clean up of Anstrians on Asiagc
London. Nov. 4.?More than twen
ty thousand prisoners and several
hundred guns have Been taken by the
forty-eighth British divxamrr operat
ing on Asiago plateau towards Tren
tino, it is officially announced.
On the Venetian plain the three
hundred and thirty-second Americar
egiment is among the forces that ef
fected a crossing of the Tagliomentc
: SOUTHRON, EatxmsibiA iwm, ?Ott?
VoL XLVII. Ko.f4;
Secrecy Maintained as to Meeting of
Supreme War . Council and Paris
Meeting. . ;
Washington, \Nov. 1.?President
Wilson today continued the frequent
exchanges of communicationswith
CoL E. M. House which have been
proceeding steadily since the special
representative of the Americans gov-:
ernment reached France a wees: ago
with. Admiral William S. Benson,
ranking officer of the navy. Later in
the day the presideht walked over to
the state, war and navy building from
the White House for a conference
Iwith Secretary Baker. . v i> j^:
\ Thus far no inkling has been .giv
en\here as to the proceedings of^the
i supreme war council, which conven
ed today, pr of the exchanges which
I took place at Paris between;;represen
|tatjves ofk the entente nations iiid^
I C?l. House. Col. House has be<fn
[keeping the president in close touch
iwith events and it was assumed that
Mr. Wilson's visit to the war secreV
tary had to do v with some phaae;;;bf
the discussions.
There was .no confirmat^>n i'Jkt';
Washington today of reports fr?m
Europe that General Diaz, tile
ian commander in chief, had receiy&t
frem the supreme , war council
terms of an armistice;, he was atithnr
ized to offer to the Austrian eoin
mander in the f)eld. However, - in
many quarters the report, if n?t cor
rect, was regarded as being only
slightly in advance of the .f#gfe~
Some official .information, as- reacjted
the state~ department today front
what had once been the vast dual
empire indicated, that very little' re
mained of that structure owing to; the
separation of the Hungarians, Bohe
mians and Jugo Slavs from the piup^.
ent states. Even ,to that remnant^qflt1
a once mighty empire grave disorders;
were reported and its total collapse
was believed to ber imminent .
The reported attempt of the newjjr
formed Germanic state of Austria:$Cr
cast its lot with Germany's 4n
peace negotiations and applications
for an armistice is expected to be
dealt with by the Versailles w?r coun
cil, for "at* this :stage\it ia regarded^jw
a purely military! problem.. But: even
if it. takesron., a political character,
officials said' there- is! ample Spre?^;
dent for. treating in the Varrahgeniei^
of an armistice. A 'direct precedent
is found in the protocol ? of August; 12?
1898, which terminated hostilities'J^e
tween United States, and Spain and
which jEa^Iished ihe -bases-- pi
filial /peace, ,treaty at Paris, by ie^nfe^
ing Spain to. re^qulsh Cuba; to ce4S
Puerto Rico and Guam to the United
States and. to leave the disposition^Itf
the Philippines to tlie peace confer
Gov. Manning Asks, for Atlanta Meet
-? Jng.
. ._;__
Columbia, Nov. 2.?A C Summers,
commissioner of agriculture, com
merce and industries,, yesterday tele
graphed J. J. Brown of Atlanta,
chairman of the official advisory mar
keting board of the cotton Stated
urging that a meeting be called -In^.
the Georgia capital at once to dis-:
cuss measures to enable the farmers
to hold their cotton^ during the period
of depression. The" communication
was directed at the urgent request of
Gov. Manning, who feels that some
precautionary measures against rush
ing the cotton -to the market must be
resorted to by the farmers to pr8-.
vent disaster. Gov. Manning suggest
ed that the commissioners of agri
culture, the governors of the cotton
States, bankers and merchants ail be
called Into the conference. Imme
diately upon receipt of the letter, Mr.
Summers addressed a telegram to
Mr. Brown. The following is the let
ter addressed by Gov. Manning to
Mr. Summers:
"In view of the rapid and disas
trous decline in the price of cotton to
a point far below the cost of produc
tion, I request that you communicate
with J. J. Brown, chairman of the [
official -.advisory marketing board of
the cotton States, asking him to call
a meeting of the commissioners , of
agriculture, the governors of the cot
ton producing States, bankers, mer
chants and others interested in the
welfare of the South, this meeting to
be held in Atlanta at the earliest pos
sible moment, to urge upon the pro-*
ducers, merchants and bankers of the
South the necessity of holding cot
ton off. the market, until the price
reaches a point that will at least cover
the cost of production.'*
Mrs. Russell Sage Passes Away at Age
of Ninety.
New York. Nov. 4.?Mrs. Russell
Sage, widow of the financier, died
here this morning, aged ninety. She
had been in feeble health for several
Man Who Killed Premier In 19lpRe
leased by New Government.
Amsterdam, Nov. 4.?Dr. Frederich
Adler, the assassin of Austrian Pre
mier Stuerkkh, in October 1916, has
been released from prison, according
to Vienna advices.
Anarchy in Turkey.
Amsterdam, Nov. 2.?Reports say
that a state of anarchy prevails
throughout Turkey. Hundreds of
thousands of deserters are said to be
subsisting by means of robbery. Con
stantinople is lib-rally famished. ?

xml | txt