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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 13, 1918, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1918-11-13/ed-1/seq-2/

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Wer March 4th They Will Reor
, ganize Both House and Senate and
V&tect Legislation as They See Fit
and Big Business Desires.
Washington, Nov. 8.?A Republi
can majority in the next congress of
at lasest two in the senate and of no',
less . than 43 in the house was assur
?lifirom .returns today from the scat
tering doubtful districts of last Tues
. day's elections. Word from Detroit
Of. election 'in..Michigan, upon almost
complete unofficial returns, of Tru
man H. Newherry, Republican candi
dates for the senate over Henry
Ford? Democrat, increased the Re
publican senate roll to 49, a bare ma
jority. The Democrats have 46 with
the Idaho contest between Senator
SSugent, Democrat, and Former Gov
" ?i*or Gooding still in doubt on the
face of almost complete unofficial re
? turns. Nugent has a majority of
aearly 500, but Gooding has demand
ed an official count which will be
made November 15.
Returns from the last missing
house district, the Second Montana,
.where a Republican was elected to
the seat now held by Representative
Jeaanette Rankin, unsuccessful In
dependent candidate for the senate,
were received today.
On the face ot now complete unof
ficial returns the political line up of
the next house is as follows: Repub
licans 239, Democrats 194, Independ
ent l, Socialist 1.
Prospect Of holding not less than
4$ seats in" the senate regardless of
v the outcome of the Idaho contest,
place the Republicans in a position to
-take control of the senate from the
Democrats and reorganize it. With
" 49 votes necessary to control, howev
er. Republican leaders realize that or
ganization will depend upon unbroken
partisan alignment. They recall that,
even before the Democrats went into
control of the senate with President j
Wilson's inauguration in 1913, theyj
had a majority of the senate but were j
unable because of Republican faction- j
al defection, to elect Former Senator I
Galligner president pro tempore. . j
When the new -senate convenes;
March 4, next, however, sue.h difficul-j
ties, according to Republican leaders, ?
are not expected.
Republican control both of the sen- j
ate and house and harmony of action
between the Republicans of both
bodies are expected to have much ef
fect on legislative policies.
Like the 'reorganization of the
house, Republican organization of!
the senate principally affects chair-1
manship and majority control of com-!
mittees besides legislation. Seniority !
of service is the almost unbroken
precedent in the senate as in the
house, of electing committee < chair- J
men. ? I
With, 'the Republicans intact their j
- majority to organize the senate Sena-1
tor Lodge of Massachusetts under thej
?eniority of ruh? would succeed Sena- j
tor Hitchcock of Nebraska as head of
the foreign relations committee. A1-'
. though the belief here now is that th<
peace treaty will be ratified before
Democratic control ends, this commit
tee will have many important after
the-war problems.
Heading the powerful senate fin
ance committee, with its jurisdictior
over .bond and tax legislation woulc
be Senator Penrose of Pennsylvania ir
place of Senator Simmons of Nortl
' Carolina.
Senator Warren of Wyoming is ex
pected to head the appropriation*
; committee of which Senator Martir
of Virginia now Democratic leader, ij
chairman. Mr. Warren is senior mem
ber of the military and agriculture
committees, but is expected to prefei
the appropriations committee chair
. The military affairs committee oi
which Senator Chamberlain of Ore
gon is chairman is expected to go to
Senator Wadsworth of New York,
next in line after Senator Warren to
secure the chairmanship.
The naval committee, chairman
ship, held by Senaor Swanson of
Virgima, is regarded in dc-*ht. Rank
ing Republican member.1 e in or
der, Senators Penrose, Lodge, Smith
.-of Michigan; Page of Vermont and
Poindexter. With Senators Penrose
and Lodge heading the finance and
foreign relations committees and Sen
ator Smith retiring, Senator Page is
next in line for the chairmanship but
is expected to prefer the agriculture
committee chairmanship leaving Sen
ator Poindexter to take the naval
affairs. *
The judiciary and commerce com
mittee chairmanships also rest upon
preferences finally made by ranking
Republicans. Senator Nelson of Min
nesota, is senior on both. If he should
choose the latter of which he was
once chairman, Senator Dillingham
of Vermont, who once headed the
immigration committee, would be in
line for the judiciary body and if
Senator Dillingham should prefer
j his old committee, Senator Prandegee
I of Connecticut ranks next for the
; judiciary leadership. Preferment by
i Senator Nelson for the judiciary com
! mittee would leave Senator Jones of
j Washington in line to take the 'com
: merce committee.
The interstate commerce commit
tee with its jurisdiction over legisla
tion affecting government control in
the railroads and telegraph and tele
phone wires, falls to Senator Curn
mings of Iowa as successor to Sena
tor Smith of South Carolina.
Besides these preeminent commit
tee chairmanships, prospective chair
men of other important committees i
Banking and currency, Senator
McLean of Connecticut, vice Senator
Owen of Oklahoma.
Privileges and. election, Senato:
Kenyon of Iowa, vice Senator Pome
rene of Ohio.
Manufactures, Senator La Follettt
of Wisconsin, vice Senator Reed of
Postoffices, Senator Townsend of
Michigan, vice Senator Bankhead of
Education and labor. Senator Bo
rah of Idaho, vice Senator Smith of^
Georgia. fi
Selection by the Republicans of a
president pro tempore to succeed
If The danger now seems to be j
over and you can come to town
and do your shopping without j
any risk.
Our Stock of Dresses,
Coats and Coat Suits
is Complete.
Also a good line of Odd Skirts :
I and a^eautiful selection of Shirty:
I Waist. \x / :
% See ourslmithen buy,,/
...THE. *.
Donnell Dry Goods Co
Senator Saulsbury of Delaware, wh<
:? failed of reelection, is a matter o;
- some speculation. Senator .Lodge i>
-| scheduled to remain leader of tin
j Republicans, with Senator Prandcge*"
-/mentioned for the honorary presiding
i Position.
I Senator Martin of Virginia, non
l j majority leader, is expected to heau
l the Democrats again in the new con
gress with Senator Gerry of Rhode
- Island mentioned for the place o:
5 Democratic whip now held by Sena
i tor Lewis of Illinois, who was de
> feated.
Demands ifor Food in Europe Wil
Continue for Sometime.
Columbia, Nov. P --William El
i liott, food admin:sirator for Soutl
, Carolina, has : ?eived the following
1 tlegeram from Herbert Hoover or
world food conditions as affected b.
the recent changes brought about bj
Austria's dropping out of the war:
"The interallied food council ii
London is discussing the possibility
of diminishing the percentage of sub
stitutes used in wheat bread by Jan
uary 1 in all allied countries in viev
of the new situation caused by th<
Austrian armistice. This must resul
in greater safety of the Mediterran
ean sea routes and increased access:
bility of Indian and Australia)
wheat supplies, even if Germany doe
not immediately quit the war. Thi
should make sufficient wheat fron
j these countries available during th
winter to reduce the amount of sub
i titution in the bread of allied coun
tries and allow substitutes now be
ing imported to the allies to be use<
for dairy feeds, of which there is
great shortage. The same situatio;
regarding feeds exists in the Unite<
States, and this would also be great
ly relieved by relaxing the use o
substitutes in bread. The altered wa
! situation would thus enable us to se
j cure better adjusment between hu
man and animal food.
"The change in the war situatioi:
j however, does not alter the totals o
food demands upon the Jnited States
but will increase our load, and, there
fore, there will be increased demand
for economy.
"We must now participate in th
preservation of the newly liberate
nations in Austria from starvation
and it is anticipated that while som
wheat may be needed from the Unit
ed States, the largest pai*t of our ex
ports to that quarter will be corn
rye, barley, and fats. The Austria:
merchant shipping must be placed i:
service before exports can be starte<
to them."
Wyndham Manning Made Lieut. Ocl
onel of Field Artillery.
Columbia, Nov. 9.?Governor Man
ning has been advised that Ma
Wyndham Manning, one of his si
sons in the United States army, ha
been promoted to be lieutenant col
onel of the Three Hundred and Sev
enteenth Field Artillery Regiment.
Colonel Manning is serving witl
the artillery forces in France.
A graduate of the United State
Military Academy at West Point, h
retired from the army several year
ago on account of ill health. Whil
acting as commandant of cadets a
Porter M^itary Academy, Charleston
he was made captain of the Charles
ton Light Dragoons, Troop A, Sout:
Carolina Cavalry, National Guard
and commanded this troop during it
long stay on the border.
At the outbreak of the war he wa
transferred to the artillery brand
and went to Fort Oglethorpe as ai
i instructor with the rank of captain
(Assigned to Camp Jackson, he wa
soon promoted to be major and wer
overseas a.s adjutant of the One Hur.
dred and Fifty-sixth Field Artiller
Maj. Bernard Manning is in th
same artillery brigade, which is com
manded by Brig. Gen. Andrew Mose*
well known artillery officer, who
very popular in Columbia.
Troofle jpf- Macedonian Army Ente:
Saloniki, Nov. 9.?It is officially an
nounced that the allied troops hav(
entered Safejeve, Bosnia.
Has Not Taken Part in the Armistice
Paris, Nov. 9, 11.11 A. M.?It war
learned this morning that Admira'
Sims is no taking part in the armis
tice negotiations as American repre
sentative, but has gone to London.
Three Killed and Twenty Injured for
Aurora, 111., Nov. 9.?A train bear
ing hundreds of soldiers from Camr
Grant, who came to witness the foot
l-bai! game at Chicago with Camp Tay
I lor squad was wrecked in collision
; with a passenger train near her*,
i today. Three dead were taken from
? the wreck. The injured will number
twenty troops, an officer says.
j Socialists Will Wait Until Armisttcc
is Signed.
i Washington. Nov. 0.-? Diplomat ic
I dispatches coming through Switzer
land today say official German infor
mation shows that Socialists are de
laying steps to force the Kaiser's ab
dication, pending "expected signing of
j the armistice."
Victory Seems certain in Minnesota.
j St. Paul. Nov. s.?Returns on the
i State-wide prohibition amendmt ?r
! which wei r nearing completion to
night showed the dry forces leading
by about S.000 votes. As the amend
ment must receive a majority of the
votes cast at the election to be
adopted, a victory for the wets seems
certain unless the missing country
preclacta return big dry majorities.
Chairman of War Industries Board
Makes Announcement of Course to
be Followed.
Washington, Nov. $.- -Chairman
Baruch of the war industries board
authorized the statement tonight that
the coming of peace will not result in
immediate cancellation of war supply
contracts, but that contracts will be
cancelled gradualy as requirements
are reduced, making it possible to
lift curtailments and restrictions up
on ordinary industrial activities.
"For some time to come," said Mr.
Baruch, "assuming the armistice will
be signed for a period to be deter
mined by the war making agencies
of the government contracts must
continue on a wide scale. This cir
cumstance applies to a considerable
'share of present contracts.
"As the demand for raw materials!
is lessened by the reduction of war
requirements and the cancellation of
war contracts, and when such can
cellations be made, the raw mater
ials so made available will be releas
ed and allocated by the war indus
tries board, for use in supplying civ
ilian and export demands, which
through curtailment, have been sel
dom, checked during the war. In ad
dition to the ordinary commercial re
quirements there will be a heavy
flow of materials released to supply
the demand for the great recon
structional work required by the Eu
ropean countries.
"At the same time there is to be a
gradual falling- of the restriction
and curtailments that have been im
posed upon industry by the exigency
of the war so as to allow as promptly
possible free flow of all supplies to
peace channels.
"The war industries board will
continue to exercise its functions un- j
til the peace treaty is signed, to the
?nd that the readjustment of the mat
ters on which it has been actin?
may be made in as orderly a manner
as possible.
"A committee named by the pres
ident has been and is now at work to
bring about the best mechanism of
bringing about readjustments from a
war to a peace basis. The report of
the commitee may take the form of
sugested legislation.
"The whole effect of the readjust
ment plans will be to the end of
bringing about necessary changes with
as little dislocation ,as possible and
the full opportunity for all to bene
fit as in the past bv ndividual in
genuity, vision and fair dealing."
Increase of Thirty Million Bushels,
Washington, Nov. S.?October |
weather conditions resuked in an in- j
crease of 30.000,000 bushels in thej
country's crop of corn. The depart
ment of agriculture's November crop
report today placed the preliminary
estimate of production at 2,749,19S,
000 bushels. While the crop is
smaller in size than last year's, its
food value is materially greater be
cause the quality this year is more
than ten points higher.
With a wheat crop of about 919,
000,000 bushels which is some 100,
000,000 more than the average of the
last five years, and large crop? of rye.
buckwheat, potatoes, rice, beans,
onions and cabbages, the country's
food crops this year have boon
The crop of tobacco is a record
one by 70,000,000 pounds, being 1,
266,686,000 pounds this year.
Never so Large as This Year in His
Washington, Nov. S.?Never before
was there a crop of tobacco so large
as this year's. With the exception of
Tennessee and Kentucky, every South
ern State increased its production
this year, North Carolina leading with
an increase of 38,000,000 pounds over
last year's large crop. The production
by States, the department of agri
culture announced today is: Vir
ginia 150,997,000 pounds, an in
crease of 21,000,000 pounds; North
Carolina 242,220,000, increase 38,
000,000; South Carolina 62,208,000
pounds, increase 11.000,000; Florida.
4,416,000, increase 1,000,000; Ten
nessee 62,018,000, decrease 17,0000,
000; Kentucky, 3SS,170,000, decrease
The quality this year is 87.7 com
pared with S6.4 last year; the acre
yield 871.8 pounds, compared with
SI6.0 last year.
Navy Yards Will Stop Sunday Work, j
Beginning To-Morrow.
Washington. Nov. 9.?The Navy
department today issued an order
discontinuing, until further notice,
all Sunday work at navy yards and
other shore stations of the navy. The
order will be effective tomorrow.
American PrLsoncrs.
Thive Alabama Men in German.
Frisson Camps.
Washington", Nov. 9.?The names
of Americans in German prison!
camps include at Rastaat. Ollie Car- j
ter. Gadsden, Ala.. Sylvester Cle-|
ments, Geneva, Ala., and Private Ar-j
thur EdWards, Meltonville. Ala., is
reported at an unknown camp.
Count Romanones. Strong Man ol j
Spain, Asked to Form Government.;
Madrid. Nov. <?. l> A. M.?King Al-J
fonso has asked fount Romanones to I
form a new ministry. The latter hasj
promised to answer by noon today. J
Seems as if the government ought
to take over the entire supp'y of one
or two of these patent medicines. If
they are up to their advertising, an
army properly primed with them
ought to be able to clean up the ene
my in half a day.?Los Angeles Times
WORKMEN, tefialh e fselMeGcice f,c-ah h hh
- terial help to many of the agricultur*
Negro Limited Service Draftsmen To al districts where farm labor is de
j lie Transferred to Construction Di-! cidedly short.
All over the South, especially in
South Carolina, Georgia and Florida,
there is a dearth of help and nothing
that the war department could do
would so materialy assist that section
j Washington, Nov. S.?The
j nouncement, just made by the
i department, that negre limited
vice men would be furloughed to | now as furloughing of farm help,
j work on projects under the supervis- j both white and negro, until mustered
J ion of the construction division of the out of the service.
[army and that 20,000 men will im- -:-;
.'mediately be sent to Camp Jackson j MAXIMILIAN WILL TAKE MES
jand other camps for this purpose, isj SAGE.
[the most important order yet issued! -
looking toward a demobilization oi i Chancellor Will Communicate Armis
American troops. Besides Campj tice Terms to Reichstag.
Jackson, the men are soon to go toj ?
Camp Wheeler, Camp Sevier and to j Paris, Nov. 9, 4.25 A. M.?It is re
Charleston, where much work is to! garded as probable in well informed
be undertaken in the near future. j circles that Prince Maximilian, the
This means, according to the best j German chancellor, will today corn
information available here, that not j municate the terms of armistice to
only will no more men be sent across i the committee of reichstag leaders
seas, but that as quickly as possible] and will himself convey their vote to
those already in camps will be fur-1 authorize the plenipotentiaries to
loughed in the manner indicated uu- | sign the armistice.
til they be officially mustered out off - >
the service. There is now no neces- j PRINCE MAX HOLDS ON
sity for additional American troops'
being sent abroad, it is said here, end
no reason why those in camp should
be held with nothing to do while the
work of mustering them out is in
Kaiser Clings to Remnant of Powci"
and Retains Imperial Chancellor.
Copenhagen, Nov; 9.?Emperor
William has not accepted the resig
I nation of Prince Maximilian, aeecrd
The second important step lies in j ing to a Berlin message today. The
?the fact that after construction work I message adds that the emperor asked
is supplied, labor interests generally Maximilian to continue holding the
throughout the country will be simi j office provisionally until a final dec%
larly supplied. This will be of ma- 1 ion has been reached.
^?mmi?>??.;..:m^v?h>^^?:?k?h>.i?i.>|' : > k m i t t mi ??mi ?wt
The Hatianal Bank 4 South Caraflaa %
Plant More Grain and
Lick the Hun!
We have helped to pat ali Liberty
Loans over.
?To make all Crops.
?And are still at your service, WITH
c. g. rowland,
Our Total Resources in 1917
Were $900,000.
AN INCREASE OF $680,000.
' ;<r.,-.
Our business is growing rapidl , ?/t?jir one
desire is to give our customers prompt and cour
teous treatment at all times. We would glad
to have ou give us our banking buShft&S. we
feel sure we can please ) i i ever wa.
The National Bank of
The "Old Reliable" Since 1889
W. J. CROWS?N, Jr.,
and you can
The First National Bank
? ?>?!??<? <? <? ?>?>?!'?>??I1**'K1 <? <*l'l I"E'I11MIt?
I Building Material and Feed Staffs ]
Kough and Dressed Lumber, Lime, Cement, Plaster,
Biick, Shingles, Mouldings, Etc.
All kinds of Feed for Horses, Covs, Hogs and Poultry.
We solicit your paironage.
Booth & McLeod, Inc. Phones 10 & 631 I

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