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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 13, 1918, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1918-11-13/ed-1/seq-3/

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Leader of Socialists Proclaims lie
public and Organizes Committee of
Workmen and Peasants.
Paris, Nov. 9.?Herr Kurt Eisner, a
Munich newspaper man, prominent
in Socialist circles, is the leader of
the revolution which has broken out
in Bavarian capital, according to in
formation received here. Some of
the reports designate him as president
of the Bavarian republic, which has
been proclaimed, Eisner, the advices
added, has organized a committee of
workmen, soldiers and peasants sim
ilar to the Russian soviet, in many
Prembier Tells German Government
That His Soldiers are Needed at
Paris, Nov. 7.?There is reason to
helieve, according to a Berne dis
.patch to The Temps, that the pre
mier of Bavaria has sent an urgent
note to the German government t->
the effect that if an armistice is not
' concluded without delay, he will bo
obliged officially to order the Bavar
ian troops to return from the front.
This action, it is 'added, would be
taken owing to the fact that Bavaria
is menaced on her southern frontier
by allied forces and that the internal
situation in Bavaria is unsatisfactory.
__________ i
President Will he Advised by Com
mittee on Cotton.
Washington, Nov. 7.?Fixing of
prices of raw cotton is unnecessary
and -impracticable President Wilson
will be told by the cotton investigat
ing '.committee of the war industries
board. This announcement was mad*
tonight by Dr. . Thomas W. Page,
chairman of the committee.
The commitee's conclusion, Dr.
Page said, was base*3 on the fact thai
there is no prospect of a shortage ol
cotton and the belief that the cotton
distribution committee can secure a
proportionate marketing of the lower
as well as the higher grades cf col
ton more effectively by other meth
ods. Continuance of the wor
this-committee is recommended.
Lr. Page's statement was said tc
embody the essential points of the re
port which the committee will pre
sent'soon to the president. It is said
that.there would be no way of enforc
ing a fixed price except through "the
readiness of the government to pur
chase" the entire cotton crop.
This. ? the statement continued,
would" involve the closing of cotton
exchanges, while merchants, bank
ers -and other intermediaries wouh.
be seriously affected and many prbb
ablyj put entirety out of business. Th?
establishment at great cost of a gov
ernment system of inspection am.
certification also Would be necessary
it was said, if price fixing were under
Food Administration Modifies Ruling
Restaurants and hotels throughout
the'State have been notified by th.
food administration that, with the ?
per cent, increase in the sugar ration
which became effective November 1.
that?-is, three pounds for each 9'
meals served in place of two pound:
for jthat number of meals, cereals o.
fruit may be served to patrons, with
sugar, provided not more than one
teaspoonful of sugar is served with
fruit or cereal, this in addition t
sogar served for tea or coffee. Sine
thie country was put on a sugar ratio:
it has been impossible, until now. fo:
hotels, restaurants and public eatin
plaoes to serve cereals or fruit an?,
coffee, all with sugar and at the on<
mea^; and this has been very in con
venieht to many patrons who hav<
been accustomed to making theii
breakfast on cereals or fruits, wit:
coffee; but the ruling was accepte
'ungrumblingly as a general proposi
tion, and when waiters have tob
their patrons that only one teaspoon
ful of sugar could be served?whicl
wouid obviously leave none for eith
er the coffee or the fruit or cereal
it has been with a smile and a chang
of the order that this has been hear(
Now, however, the food administra
tion says that the sugar supply is suf
fielen to permit of half as much agai
being used, which permits of on
teaspoonful for coffee and one tea
spoonful for fruit or cereal. Thl
rule , can not be stretched; howevei
to permit of sugar for l>oth fruit an?
cereal at the one meal. One sma
lump is the allowance for demitasse.
High School Football.
The Sumter High School footbal
squad has been putting in some yer.
har<jl practices and ail they need no
is enough boys to scrimmage ever;
day and they will need this har?
work to defeat the Columbia lean
next we*k. News comes from Coiuni
bia that they have an exceedingly goo
team this year and as good or be;
ter than the one last year, it will b
remembered that last year their tea:;
played a good game and it was on!
Sumter's '"pep" that won that gam<
so Sumter will have to do some har?
work to win the game this year.
The beys are practicing, every -da
at 3.30 and they are in a very g<><;
condition, having fully recovered fron
the -St. Mtathews game and those th;
were sick are out and on the j?
The next game in Sumter will b
with Florence on Thanksgiving . Flor
ence has had the* St?te" ch?mplonshi
for the last two years and now tha
Sumter is in good shape, the boys ar?
willing to try for it. The admission
that day will be 2f> and 50c. Ladie
20c. Game called at 3.30.
Praise for Wilson.
London. Nov. 7.? United praise j
accorded by the London mornin
newspapers today to President VVil
son's note to Germany. Emphasis ii
la id "generally/on the fact th; t th
communication leaves the allies lib
erty of action in connection with th
question of freedom of the seas.
uprising ix northwestern
germany not attended
by serious dis
But it Has Spread to Hanover. Olden
burg and Other Cities?Quiet in
Sclileswi^r Today According ic
Latest Reports.
Copenhagen. Nov. 9.?The uprising
in northwestern Germany, according
to the only direct news from Ger
many early today, was reported to
hare spread to Hanover, Oldenburg
and other cities. Generally the re
volt is not attended by serious dis
; turbances. Reports from the Danish
; border town of Vamdrup say that ail
I is quiet in Schleswig.
! -
Americans Cover Themselves With.
i -
j With the American Army on thr
j Sedan Front, Nov. 7, 10.30 P. M. (By
j the Associated Press).?It was con
| tingents of the noted Rainbow Di
vision and of the First Division thai
I made the final whirlwind dash into
! Sedan.
It is now permissible to mention
. the division which participated in the
I famous drive that cleared that part
! of France west of the Meusc occu
: pied by the' Americans. It was the
; Second Division which, operating ai
the center made the strenuous push
; on the afternoon of the day the Ger
i mans began to weakken and nressed
J forward until it controlled the height
[below Beaumont. This made possible
j the shelling of the Mcziores-Mei:
! Railroad.
j The Fifth Division (regulars J
? crossed the Meuse under machine gu:
! fire, aided by the Thirty-second Pi
! vision and covered themselves wi?
: glory for four successive days,
i Continuing its successes in th
i Ar.^onne Forest, the Seventy-seventl
(Division fouirht its stubborn way up
ward alonjr Bohrgonrie Wood, in con
junction with the Seventy-eighth.
] -_
I misuse red cross insignia
; With the American Army in
j France, Oct. -~> (Correspondence o:
[the Associated Press)?Misuse of th
j Red Cross emblem by the German
?army is bringing bitter comment fron.
American officers in position to knou
what is being done. A lieutenant ii
the medical corps and an infantry of
j ficer assert that "a,ll the stories tob
? about German army's devilish and in
[ human tactics a re true.*'
Taught to respect the Red Cros:
j flag, American troops were led in]
many an ambuscade by Boche trick
! cry in the display of this insignia
[ And what has incesed the American
j tlje most is the fact that the Ger
i mans refused to recognize the Re?
] Cross emblem at any time,
j "?eforc going to the fron; 1 wa
inclined to doubt some of the stprie
J eing circulated about trie Ger
i mans," said the medical officer, "bu
j after one month in the front lines .
can believe anything that is sab
against them. They are so guilty c
inhuman and barbarous acts them j
selves that they refuse to respect th
use Of the Red Cross by the allies
Their use of the lied Cross insigni
is one of the bigerest crimes the;
ought to be made to answer for afte
the war."
One of the tricks used by the Boch
was to plant a Red Cross flag in th
tower of a church of a village in th
path of the advancing Americans. Re
specting it, the infantry would no"
call for any concentration of artillery
fire on these buildings.
The American troops upon takin:
one particular village advanced upo:
a church, from which was displaye;
a Red Cross Bag. without suspectin'
any trick. When they wore withii
short range, a murderous machin
gun fire was poured into their rank
from the windo'ws and towers of th
church. When the Americans final'!
ganied the interior. they found si
machine guns, manned by a platoo
of sturdy Boehes?not a sign of an
hospital or dressing station. Need
less to say no prisoners were taken.
Sharks and Seagulls Follow Subs.
On Board an American Destroyer i.
French Waters, Sept. (Correspond
ence of the Associated Press).
Sharks and seagulls, the scavenger,
of the sea have learned to follow i
the wake of the submarines an
watch and wait for the food likely t
come from the wreckage of mer
chant vessels destroyed by the Ge:
man sea wolves. This fact has beer,
observed by the commanders o
American destroyers and is used .?
a clue to hunt down the Hun at soa
The presence of schools of shark
and Uoc-ks of seagulls puts the saei
of the American destroyers on th
tip-toe of expectation when they.ar
hunting for a periscope in the patl
of American transports. One corn
mander returning to port the o*hc
day said: **We saw a good man}
sharks and [locks of seagulls an
these, you know; are a. pretty goqt
sign of submarines."
?'Afcr several years of sinkings ?...
submarines, the sharks and sea f?>\\ |
nave formed the habit of following ii I
the wake of submarines knowing tha
food is likely to come from th" wreck
ige. Whether it is cargo throw,
overboard from the freighter o
wreckage thrown up from the tor
pedo explosion male es no difference
the appearance of sharks and bird
usually means that there are sub
marines around."
Ofliccrs Needed.
Washington. Nov. 7.?Tin- war de
partmeht announced that severa
'housaad men experienced in admin
str;.-tion. production and engineerim
are needed as officers to fill vacancie
in various si .-iff corps of the army
Older men who have been placed P
p<"-;-:.')! oi- limited service classes <>
[in deferred classification other than
essential industries are wanted par
'icularly. Application should bo mad [
to local branches of the Milit?r:
Training Camps Association.
It may be hard to tell who is load
ing the German armies, but we ??'
know who is running the:.:. : (. Lou;
otar. i
Gen. Pershing's F?rst Army Has Ad
vanced Thirty Miles in Eight Days.
Washington, Nov. 9.?The capture
of Maubeuge by the British marks
the definite severance of the last Ger
man artery to that sector of the west
front. This will make it im possible
for the enemy to shift his forces to
meet a new attack. General March
stated today. German occupied ter
ritory in France has been reduced
from ten thousand to less than
twenty-live hundred square miles.
The first American army under
Gen. Pershing has advanced thirty
miles in the last eight days.
Negroes Will Hold Mass Meeting in
intercut of War WTork Campaign.
On Saturday, November I'Ith. at 12
o'clock noon, there will be a big coun
ty, negro United War Work Cam
paign patriotic mass meeting held in
Sumter to be addressed by Dr. E. L
Baskerville, State Negro Assock?o
Executive Secretary of the Firs:
United Wrar Work Campaign.
At the meeting of the negro com
mittees held yesterday to confer with
county chairmen of' the negro divis
ion A. C. Phelps and E. I. Heard on
Dr. Enskerville delivered one of th<
most eloquent and oommon-sens<.
speeches ever delivered in Sumte:
Iiis talk so impressed the white an "?
colored eommitteernen present that
it was unanimously resolved that h-.
he invited to address a meeting Oi
Sumter county colored citizens next
Saturday. Dr. Baskerville is a ne
gro of whom the colored race ma>
well feel proud, and he gives to hi*
race a lino of talk that is worth
much to the negroes anW the whit'
people of South Carolina and the en
tire South, not only for the present
but for the future. By request o
the white chairman a section of th<
opera House will be reserved foi
white citizens.
Rev. I. D. Davis and Rev. A. J. Ar
drews. together with the ' chairmar
and vice chairman of the ten town
ship chairmen and four City of Sum
ter ward ehairmen and vic^ chair
men were appointed committee o'
arrangements to advertise the mas
meeting. It was also suggested an
unanimously adopted that this com
mittee provide for a special choir o
several hundred colored men and wo
men to sing during the meeting.
Mr. F. .J. B?ker, War V. M. C. A
secretary and district director f?"'1
Sumter, Lee and Clarendon counties
was present, and delivered a very in
teresting and patriotic talk to tie
eommitteernen and committee worm-:
present. Chairman A. C. Phelps. ir
charge of the organization of th?
ne^ro division of Sumter county als
made a short but impressive speecl
which inspired his hearers to get bus:
and put Sumter county "over th
top" in next week's campaign.
Eight townships and wards wor<
represented at yesterday's meeting
out of fourteen, and the six othe:
township ehairmen had previously
reported and received instruction'
and pledge cards.
Of the eight townships and ware
represented all but one reported or
ganization of committee for work
There will be a number of mos:
ineetings at negro churches over th?
county tomorrow to be addressed Iv
white and negro speakers.
City of Sumter. Ward 3, S. J. McDon
aid Chairman.
District No. 1?Main Street?J. C
Prioleau, Capt.
District No. 2?Sumter St.?Mis
M. E. Glover, Capt.
District No. 3?Washington St.?M
J. Frederick, Capt.
District No. 4?Council St.?S. ,1
McDonald, Capt.
District No. 5?Wright, Salem am
Blanding Sts.?Mrs. Anna Boykin
District No. 6?Purdy and Edward.
St,?Mrs. C. A. Lawson, Capt.
District No. 7?Walker Ave.?A. P
Spears, Capt.
District No. 8?N. W. R. R. Ave ?
Prof. C. A. Lawson, Capt.
District No. 9?West Liberty St.?
Mrs. P. It. Spears, Capt.
District No. 10?Bartlett St.?E. E
Jones. Capt.
District No. 11?Oakland Ave?R
J vV. Westberry, Capt.
District No. 12?Dingle St.?Mis
lurrie Wilson, Capt.
District No. 13?Bee and William:
Sts.?A. R. Donnelly, Capt.
District No. 14?Atlantic Ave. an;
Hoyt Heights?S. P. Williams, Capt
Every captain is asked to raise a
least $200. as ?ve want to go over th:
cop with our apportionment of $2,
000 from Ward Th?-ee. The worker
of Ward Three are asked to mec t a
R. W. Westberry's office at lo A. SI
tfiarp next Saturday, November lGtf.
and make complete reports. Pleas
begin work at onc? .
' S. .J. McDonald, Chairman.
J. C. Prioleau, Secretary.
The world war is not yet ended
but it is entering upon the final .-;tj.^'?
Sven when the Huns surrender an
submit to the terms dictated by Gen
Foch. the war work will not be ove
ir;d the services of the y. Mi C. A
?ind kindred organizations wil Iv
needed for months to come. There
fore every American should make
generous contribution to the Unite*
War Work fund as thank offerin
that he fighting is over.
Washington. Nov. 7.?Complete
?nd final liberation of the people:! o
lie Eastern Mediterranenn count ir
from the oppression of the Turks .in
b?' establishment <>i governments de
riving their authority from the rr>
'hoice of ih<- native populations ::r
'In- aims of France and Great Brit
a in.
The County Fair is less than two
weeks off and those who have not
pade arrangements to assist in mak
ing it :i success by sending exhibits
oiiouid do so at onca.
Advance in Belgium Proceeds Rap
idly?British Cross River Scheldt
on a Wide Front.
London. Nov. 9.?The British have
j captured Maubeuge fortress, it was
announced today. South of Mau
beuge the British are pushing east-1
ward and are well beyond the Aves- j
nes-Maubeuge road.
; In Flanders the British have cross- j
ed the rives Scheldt on a wide front,
j and have established themselves on;
j the east bank.
i : !
; In Face of Strong Enemy Fire Amor- I
icans Make Progress Along the j
Meuse Front.
With Americans, Sedan Front Nov.
j 9.?By The Associated Press.?The
j American army east of the Meuse
\ continued to advance today despite
I strong enemy machine gun fire. They
; progressed both north and south of
' Danvillers, along the line of the
j Meuse front from Sassey to Marlin- j
: court last was marked by artillery j
!and machine gun firing.
French Resume Their Victorious
i March This Morning.
i Paris. Nov. 0.?The French this
j morning? resumed t.hejr forward
j march along the entire front, it i>
I officially announced.
j Germans Lose Important Position to
the Americans.
Washington, /Nov. 9.?Wresting
j j from the enemy of his last hold on
t the heights east of the Meuse is re
sported by Gen. Pershing in his Fri
; day evening communique.
i Gen. Crowder Calls Conference to Con
sider Matter.
>i Washington, Nov. 8.?Gen. Crowd
? I er called into conference today the'
- heads of all sections of his office to
? j discuss the possible suspension of the
; i November draft calls, under which
H more than three hundred thousand
> I have been ordered to army camps.
! j Are You Planting More Wheat?
Clems?n College, S. C., Nov. 7.?
i To-aid in the promotion of the fa!
i'ovd campaign the Agronomy Divis
1 ion of tin.- Extension Service make:
? some good suggestions on planting
wheat in South Carolina,
j Soiis for \\ heat?Wheat requires
'ja fertile soil, preferably a clay or a
j clay loam. It will grow successful!:
Ion the lighter sandy soils only when
jh'-aviiy fertilized- The soil should
De well drained and should not b<
low and marshy.
preparing the land?If the iand i:
j to be plowed in preparation fo:
; wheat it should be plowed as carjb
? j as possible and medium deep. Lane
I should not be piowed deep just be
, j tore planting, as wheat needs a firm
! soil with a loose mulch on the sur
I face.
Much of the wheat will, of neces
- i sity. be planted on corn and cotton
I land. This can be done by using a
j one-horse drill. It can also be don?
; by seeding broadcast and plowing ii.
with a cultivator or spring-toothed
Fertilizers for Wheat.?The best
fertilizer for wheat which is availaba
to the farmer at the present time P
a mixture of equal parts of acu
phosphate and cotton seed meal ap
plied at the time of seeding and a;
the rate of 400 to 500 pounds pet
acre. It is advisable to top dres:
wheat in March with 100 pounds o.
nitrate of soda per acre if it is avail
? able. If the nitrate of soda is not
available it will be profitable to toi
dress with barn-yard manure earl\
in the spring.
Time to Plant?^Anytime from th<
middle of October to the first of De
cember will be satisfactory, but th*
sooner wheat is up after the firs
killing frost the better it will be.
Amount of Seed to Plant?Tht
best rate of seeding is 4 to 6 peck:
per acre.
Best Varieties to Plant?Some o:
the best varieties of wheat for Soutb
Carolina are Red May. Fultz, Ful
caster, Blue Stem (purple straw)
and Leap's Prolific.
Shock Was Too Severe.
Once there was a woman who mov
J ed into an apartment and found ev |
crything swept and scrubbed and as
clean as if she had done it herself
The shock left her lying helpless or
the floor, but soon she managed U
drag herself to the telephone, where
her strength fast ebbing away, sht
gave central a number. Presently a
voice came over the telephone. *3
just wanted to tell you." said the suf
fering woman, "how thankful I an
to find the apartment in such loveh
condition. You are one in a million.
;ind I shall never forget?"
There was a sudden clatter- a1 lb*
other end of the line. The woman
who had just moved out of tin- apart
ment fell to the floor with .a crash
tearing the telephone connection:
from their fastenings. She had
swooned, for though she bad clcane;
apartments annually since her wed
ding day. no succeeding tenant had
j ever admitted it before.
Th<n- mot in lite hospital three
weeks later, in a. ward marked
'"Quiet." Both recovered slowly anc
whiled away the long hours gettin?
acquainted. They became friends?
?<uch good friends, indeed, that thej
have canceled their leases, broken ui
housekeeping, and have moved thei;
husbands off to a family hotel, in or
der that they may be together for
ever and forever.- -Kansas City Star
Death of Mrs. R. A. Lapslcy.
News was received today of th- i
death in Afton. Ya.. of Mrs. r?. A j
Lapsley. formerly Miss Meile Me j
Cutchen, of Wisaeky. She was buried !
today at Bethel Church. August: !
? ?ounty. Ya.. wh>efe her husband w:i J
pastor ror msLny years. i
We'll Not Break Faith.
We'll not break faith with you who
We'll hold the Torch .so high, so high,
That you who sleep where poppies
Between the Crosses, row on row,
Will hear the shout and hear the cry,
Of frienzied legions rushing by,
To avenge the wrongs to your who lie
In Flanders fields where poppies
And not until the Hun's undone
And not until the victory's won,
Will we send answer back to you,
We have been true
We have been true.
?Eliabeth Kerrison Ricker.
Mrs. E. P. Ricker, Sumter, S. C.
State Council of Defense Undertakes
to Reduce Loss of. Live Stock.
The less of livestock killed on rail
road rights of way is excessive in the
South, being double per mile the loss
in the West and triple the loss in the
Northeast. The annual drain in South
Carolina runs approximately to $00,
In ordinary times this would be a
matter between the individual stock
owners and the railroads. Now, how
ever, it is of national import, and
forms no small part of our State's
Food Conservation program. For
whether ijeace comes in ' three
months or twelve, America must con
tinue to feed the world for anothet
year at least. Furthermore, since
the railroads have been taken over by
[the government, payment of stock
I losses must be paid by the govern
ment, which of course, falls on the
The South Carolina Council of De
fense, aided by the Food Administra
tion, with the cooperation of th*.
railroads, has undertaken the import
I ant task of cutting in half the inex
cusably large losses in South Caro
[in a.
We ha\fe mailed to all stock claim
I ants an appeal to shut their stock
away fron: the railroad tracks. VV<
I have also appointed special volunteei
stpek agents at every railway towr
and city in South Carolina. These
j men will work under and with then
I County Councils of Defense. Theii
j endeavor will !><? to reduce as much
! as possible t he wastage in meat and
leather, and to secure the passag?
and enforcement of adequate stoc!<
laws wherever needed.
The representatives for your coun
ty are given on the enclosed list
Please back them up.
You-s truly,
Reed Smith,
Executiv* Secretary
Sumter County.
State Farm?B. H. Boykin, Boykir
Hagood?J. P. Harling.
; Horatio?C .T. Jackson.
Dalzell?T. S. Stuckey.
Dixie?W. M. Lcnoir. Horatio.
J Cam den Juntcion?Fred A. Wood
Malta ~-Thos. S. Stone. Eastover.
Sumter Junction?Ransom Good
?nan, Wedgefield, R. F. D. 1.
Levi?7}. W. Alsbrook. Wedgefield
R. F. D. 1.
Manchester?Rev. G. C. Clark
Wedgefield, R. F. D. 1.
Tourney?M. R. Jackson.
Wedgefield?H. M. McLaurin.
Savannah?J. Singelton Moorr
Sumter, R. F. D.
Privateer?R. B. Furman.
Tindal?H. D. Tindal.
Progdon?J. T. Brogon.
Sumter?H. A. Rhoades.
Eilerbee?J. L. Irby, Boykin.
j Rembert?J. L. G?lls.
Borden?C. M. Emanuel.
j Mannville Junction^?Geo. Mc
Cutchen. Manville.
Dalzell?R. L. Burkett.
DuBose?R. E. DuBose. Oswego
R. F. D.
Brent?A. B. Stuckey.
Oswego?W. D. McLeod.
Mayesville?R. P. Mayes.
Harvest Sweet Potatoes Properly
Clemson College, Nov. 7.?Much
has been said with reference to the
time to dig sweet potatoes. A time
honored custom is to wait until tin
first killing frost. A great many peo
ple think that the potatoes are no.
matured until the vines have been
killed by frost. Sweet potatoes shoulc,
not be harvested until matured. A
good way to tell when they are ready
to harvest is to cut or break a few
of the potatoes and lay the pieces
aside for a few hours. If the cut or
broken surface heals over without dis
coloration the potatoes are 'ready tc
harvest. The digging should be done
if possible, when the weather is cleai
and the soil dry.
Various implements are used in
harvesting sweet potatoes. Probabl>
one of the best implements is th?
plow with rolling colters on the bean
to cut the vines and with rods at
tached to the mold board to free tin
potatoes from the soil and vines.
Where no potato digger is available,
a good plan is to bar off the rows
with a small turn plow or similar
implement, and then use the "end
die buster" to turn out the potatoes
If the ?'middle buster" is not avai
lable, it is well to bar off tin- rows a^
indicated and then plow up the po
tatoes with an ordinary turn plow
being careful to keep the plow wel
under the potatoes so as to redu?
the cutting and bruising to the mini
mum. No matter what implement
is used or what method is followed
the essential thing is to gel the po
tatoes out of the ground with th?
least possible injury, says Mr. F. L.
darkey, of the Bureau of Markets.
As the potatoes are picked up
they should be placed in small heaps.!
where they may be allowed to dry \
for a while. Sweet potatoes should
never be thrown from one row to an
other, thrown loose in the wagon, or
put into bags. The reason why we
have been rather careless in the
hand'ing of sweei potatoes is that
this commodity has been easily
grown and tmtil reeeiitrh has been
I??\v in price. Bui tie- time has ??<>?>;
when the sweet p<>t:::o can .made
.Hid should tie made one of the most
useful food crops and one of til' j
best money making crops for the
Southern farmer.
German efficiency has had a suffi-j
:ieney.?Col u mbia 11 cc o r J.
We Shall Not Sleep.
In Fland'-rs fields the poppies blow
Between the Crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks still bravely singing: fly,
Scarce heard amidst the guns below;
We are the dead.
Short days ago we lived, felt dawn,
Saw sunset glow.
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe,
To you from falling hands we throw
the Torch.
Be yours to hold it high;
If ye break faith with us who die,
We shall not sleep, though poppies
In Flanders fields.
(This beautiful lyric of the war was
written by- Lieut. Col. Dr. John -Me
Crae of Montreal, Canada, while the
second battle of Ypres was in pro
gress. The author's body now . liest
buried in Flanders elds.)
Driving the German Out oi France.
The British and Canadian troops,
with one gallant American division,
were called upon to deliver the most
considerable thrust, in a struggle";
which was actually raging from . the *
Meuse to the Sea. They were not put
in until the Belgian and Franeo
; American blows at the two endsjfaad
put a severe strain upon German
reserves. They were not called upon:
to attack after an artillery prepara
tion of the old sort, made to., the
complete advertisement of the purpose
to the enemy. They were put in at
Foch's moment, the moment for
which he had been preparing for days,
and weeks.
j And being put in at Foch's moment;.
j they achieved what he had hoped for.
They went in and on and through,
they pushed forward their flanks as
well as their centers. They, upset
the equilibrium of the whole Ger
man front west of Verdun. . Within
the briefest time a crumbling of the
Lorraine, Champagne and Flanders
fronts became visible. Whatever the
German might be aide to endure >.n
Belgium, it was at once clear he was
done for in France. Remember the
French offensive in Champagne in
j 10 15, the Anglo-French attack at the
Somme in 101?;, Nivelle's try at the
[Aisne and Haig's drive in Flanders
j last year. After the initial advance'
in each of these there came the fatal
slowing down, the pause, the costly
and useless effort to get on again. The
same thing was true in both of Lu
dendorff's opening successes this year,
that against the British and the oth
er against the French. He broke
through, but he could not keep it up.
By contrast Foch has kept it up.
since July 18, and, as the Tommy
would say, "he is still going strong:.,'>
in fact, each of his major blows
seems more effective than the last.
Bach time he has sent his troops
against a more difficult barrier, each,
time the task has been far more
terrible, yet each success seems a de*':
gree more complete. A.nd this can
mean but one thing, it can'only mean
that the German army is breaking
down under the strain. Foch is con
quering not territory, not armies. He
is conquering the German military
system and, thanks to the British de*
votion and perseverance and to the
renewed strength, energy and effi
ciency of their armies our allies have
been able to avenge First Cambrai by
a Third, which is a finer achieve
ment than Walterloo and . Blenheim,
roiled into one, and more thoroughly
British into the bargain.?From "The
War is Won?Mitteleuropa is Fin
ished," by Frank H. Simonds,-in the
American Review of Reviews for No
A Gigantic Work.
It is now evident that the country
must subscribe to the United War
Work campaign very much more
than was originally contemplated. The
campaigxi will be conducted next
week by the seven organizations
vhich at President Wilson's request
#ill work in unison.
There are many individual needs
which make it necessary to raise
much more than the $170,500,000
fixed upon last spring. To begin
with, instead, of the million Ameri
can soldiers expected to be in Franpe
by this time, there are more than
double that number, and our mili
tary leaders are preparing for a
constantly increasing army.
The expansion of the navy is not
less impressive, and it is the desire
of the organizations uniting in this
campaign to help this arm of the ser
vice as much, as any other. Unlike
other wars, this one involves . vast
numbers of the industrial classes, and
more money is necessary to meet the
needs of these millions of men and
women overseas and at home related
tr war industries.
Millions of prisoners of war must
j look solely to the United States for
aid, and helpful facilities must be
supplied to the armies of France,
Belgium, Italy and Russia. The fact
is accentuated that these needs will
continue for at ieast a year after the
conclusion of peace. It is said that
it will require not less than a year's
time to bring b?ck the American
soldics to their homes.
A!logo;.' '? it is evident that more??
much more -than the sum originally
fixed will be needed to Enable the
committees of the Young MoiV-s Chris
ti.! n Association, the Knights if Co
lumbus, the Jewish Welfare Beard,
'he Salvation Army and the otft^r
united organizations to successfully
carry out this gigantic programme. \
The Fnited War Work campaign must
be made an unqualified success!?1
New York Herald.
Accepts His Advice.
Sufferer?"I have a terrible tooth
ache and want something to cure it."
Friend - 'Now. you don't need any
medicine. ! had toothache yesterday,
and l went home and my loving wfe
kissed me and so consoled me that
rhe.pain soon passed away. Why
don't"you try the trick?"
Sufferer?"\ think T will. Is your
wife home now?"?Vancouver Daily
Next thing we know Germany wilt
jo dry.?Seattle Post-IntelliFencer.

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