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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 13, 1918, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1918-11-13/ed-1/seq-6/

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Commander in Field Reports United
States Forces in Historic French
City at 4 o'clock Wednesday After
noon?Rainbow Division Does
; Good Work.
^Washington, Nov. 7.?American
?troops entered the historic French
city, of Sedan at 4 o'clock yesterday
afternoon. General Pershing report
ed in his communique for this raorn
injt. All that portion of the city
west of the River Meuse was occu
-General Pershing in his commu
nique for tonight reports that' the
First Army continued its offensive
east of the Meuse; the Fifth Divis
ion; and National Guard troops from
'V.. - Wisconsin and Michigan taking the
heights overlooking Brandeville and
?' other grounds after hard fighting
? against :a desperately resisting ene
The famous Rainbow Division and
the First (regular)- Division, seized
the heights south and southeast of
Sedan and the suburbs of that city
- .-west of the Meuse, the statement said.
- It added that the entire region be
tween the Meuse and the Barr Riv
ers has now been liberated by the
F^rst Army in close cooperation with
the French Fourth Army.
General Pershing also said that a
regiment of American infantry par
ticularly distinguished itself in the
final victories in Italy. He had ref
erence to the Three Hundred and
1Tnirty-second Regiment, Ohio Nat
ional Army troops.
The statement follows: *
"Headquarters American expedi
tionary forces, Nov. 1, Evening.
"The First American Army con
? tinned its offensive starting with a
precarious footing on the east bank
ist the Meuse in a region of unusual
natural difficulties and defended by an
enemy rendered desperate by the
knowledge that the heights north of
v Verdun were* vital to his plans. The
Fifth division, and National Guard
troops from Wisconsin and Michigan
employed in this operation had slow
ly but steadily fought their way
throughout these days of continuous
* battle- In this region we now hold
: -J((|?n*Bev*?nt-Dun,~ the heights over
looking Brandeville, three kilometers
of Haramont, Sillon-Fontaine farm
and thence southeast to the old line.
"The Rainbow division and units of
tjie'* First division seized the heights
south and southeast of Sedan and the
supurbs of that city lying on the west
hank of the Meuse. The entire re
gion between the Meuse and the Bar
h^LS now been liberated by the First
American Army in close cooperation
-^tfefe^the French Fourth Army.
v. 'io the Woevre the troops of our
Second Army have executed a number
0& highly successful raids entering
the enemy's lines and returning with
;' ."The number of guns of all calibers
taken "by the First American Army
sh-ice November 1 now exceeds 250. A
-partial count of captured munitions
and materials showed more than 2000
machine guns, over 5,000 rifles, 75
trench mortars, many anti-tank guns,
several hundred thousand rounds of
Artillery ammunition, nearly 3,000,000
pounds of small arms ammunition
and* much other material.
**A. regiment of American infantry
particularly distinguished itself in the
final victories in Italy."
..With the American Army on the
Sedan, Nov. 7.?The Americans
Tnursday east of the Meuse fought
Ofyer some of the roughest country in
jjrance, taking che height south of
the' Woevre Forest and advancing
more than four kilometers, notwith
standing the despertae rear guard ac
tivity of the German machine gun
i Hill 350, the great hog-back be
tween -Laon and Marvaux, was taken
in the morning by the Americans.
The Americans pushed through the
series of woods and over the rolling
country, reaching the region of Ban
deville, Breheville and lassey.
.The German machine grunners
fought as if they never had heard of
peace talk, holding to their nests in
many cases until they were killed or
blasted out by the American artillery,
ffn. rear guard actions machine gun
ners fell back into a series of fox
?holes and dugouts, all well supplied
with cartridges, the rear guard fight
ers 'carrying their guns from trench
to the other shelter until shot or tak
en prisoner.
After an all day struggle in the
dense woods and hills the Americans
ljate today reached the most easterly
heights of the Meuse, dominating
miles of open country north of Dom
villers, the Germans literally having
been pushed out of every foot of
With the American Army on the
Sedan Front, Nov. 7, 6.30 P. M. (By
the Associated Press).?The matter
of peace negotiations failed to slow
down in the slightest degree the op
erations along the front today. The
news that Germany has taken definite
steps to secure an armistice reached
advanced headquarters 'but was not
accompanied by any orders affecting
the big drive now in progress and it
ifc expected that the American line
will be carried forward without pause.
With that part of Sedan resting on
the western bank of the river occu
pied, the American army is consoli
dating, its positions and preparing for
a further advance.
Vilosnes, Sivry and Haramont. to
the south, and east of Dun-sur-Meuse
were, among the places taken this
momjhg. The American troops are in
close touch with the line onNto Marti
court where the railroad has been de
stroyed. To the south of this Remil
ly was captured.
-It is evident that the Germans are
determined not to yield Sedan unless
absolutely forced to do so. They have
made big concentrations on thei
heights back of the city and in such
places a? can be defended both above
and below on the river. Concrete en
trenchments near the city are strong
ly held, while all the woods and
bridges in the neighborhood, have
either been destroyed or mined."
^Paris, Nov. 7.?Occupation of part
Temporary Suspension on Part of
Front Through Which PIcniix>
tentiaries Must Pass to Reach Field
Marshall Who Will Tell What Con
ditions Must Be Met.
Paris. Nov. 7, 11 " P. M.?German
grand headquarters requested allieo
grand headquarters by wireless tc
I permit the passage of the grand del
j egation for armistice negotiations
I through the lines. The order was
given to cease firing on this front at
3 o'clock in the afternoon until fur
ther orders.
The German wireless message ask
ing for an appointment to meet Mar
shal Fosh says: '
"The German government would
congratulate itself in the interests oi
humanity if the arrival of the Ger
man delegation on the allies' front
might bring about a provisional sus
pension of hostilities."
The document published tonight
There was received the 7th of No
vember at 12:30 a. m. the following
from the German high command by
order of the German government tc
Marshal Foch:
"The German government having
been informed through the president
of the United States that Marshal
Foch had received powers to receive
accredited representatives of the Ger
man government and communicate
to them conditions of an armistice,
the following plenipotentiaries have
been named by it:
" 'Maithias Erzberger, Gen. H. K
A. Winterfeldt, Count Alfred von
Oberndorff, General von Grueneil and
Naval Captain, von Salow.
" 'The plenipotentiaries request
(that they be informed by wireless of
the place where they can meet Mar
shall Foch. They will proceed by
automobile with subordinates of the
staff to the place thus appointed.*
"Orders were given to cease firing
on the front at 3 o'clock p. m., until
further orders.
"On November 7, at 1:25 a. m..
Marshal Foch sent the following tc
the German command:
" Tf the German plenipotentiaries
desire to meet Marshal Foch and ask
him for an armistice, they will pre
sent themselves to the French out
posts by the Chimay-Fourmies-La
Cappelle-Guise Road. Orders have
been given to receive them and con
duct them to the spot fixed for the
"A German wireless dispatch, re
ceived November 7 at 1 p. m., said:
" 'German general headquarters tc
the Allied General Headquarters: The
German commander in chief to Mar
shal Foch: The German plenipoten
tiaries for an armistice leave Spa to
day. They will leave here at noon
and reach, at 5 o'clock this after
noon, the French outposts by the
Chimay-Furmios La-Sapell- and
Guise Road. There will be ten per
sons in all, headed by Secretary of
State Erzberger.*
"The following wireless dispatch
in German was received a? 5:40 p,m.:
" 'German general headquarters tc
the allied general headquarters: The
supreme German command to Mar
shal Foch: From the German out
posts to the French outposts bur dei
j egation will be accompanied by a
road-mending company to enabl<=
automobiles to pass the La Capelle
Read, which has been destroyed.'
"The following wireless in German
was received at 5 p. m.:
" 'The German supreme command
to Marshal Foch : By reason of de
lay the German delegation will- noi
be able to cross the outpost line until
between 8 and 10 o'clock tonight at
Handroy. two kilometers northwest
(northeast?) ;>f La Capelle.*"
Daniels Says if Huns Fail to Accept
Terms They Will he Forced.
Philadelphia, Nov. 7.?Secretary of
the Xavy I>aniels in a speech here to
night at a reception given by Charles
M. Schwab to the employees of the
Emergency Fleet Corporation plainly
indicated that he had no information
that Germany had signed the armis
Secretary Daniels said:
"Tonight, a', we sit here, the com
missioners frjm Germany are in con
ference with Marshal Foch, who has
presented them in behalf of America
and the nations associated with it the
14 demands of Woodrow Wilson and
the armistice drawn up by the allied
military leaders and indorsed by the
heads of the allied governments.
"We shall hear shortly whether
they have accepted that armistice and
peace smiles on the world or we shall
hear that they have lacked wisdom.
Our army and navy will enforce these
demands at any cost, nk> matter how
' long it may require."
Mr. Daniels, said that whether peace
comes at this time or njot the United
States will continue to "build warships
and merchant vessels.
Secretary Lansing Issues Emphatic
s Denial of Report.
Washington. Nov. 8.?At President
Wilson's direction Secretary Lansing
issued a statement shortly after* noon
saying that any statement that news
regarding the armistice is being with
held is utterly false.
Shoit Congress Session
X _
Washington. Nov. 7.?The senate
and house today held perfunctory ses
sions and adjourned until next Mon
day. Congress plans now to resume
business next Tuesday.
of Sedan by American troops arous
ed keen satisfaction in Paris today
because of the historic importance of
the city and its association with the
war of 1870. More than that, the
advance of the Americans is believed
to have brought about a strategic
situation in which the Americans
will be able greatly to harass the
German retreat.
Report Stated That Armistice Wa
Signed 11 A. Hostilities Cease*
2 P. M.
New York, Nov. 7.?False report
I that Germany had accepted the term
I ol' the armistice" and that lightin:
I had ended threw the country into :
I delirium today and turned out to b;
the greatest hoax of recent years.
Official assurances that the repor
was false failed to check the almos
riotous demonstrations which swop
over many American cities and mii
lions of Americans will not know ho-,
they were fooled until they read th.
morning papers.
A dispatch from France to tlv
United Press and picked up and cir
cvdated also through the country b.
another news agency declared the ar
mistice signed at 11 o'clock th'=.
morning and fighting ended at
o'ciock this afternoon.
Official dispatches from France t?
the State department at Washing^c:
that the German corai.iissicr.irs .v.-n
not even tc nice: Marshal Foch v.r.ti
5 o'clock this aftemccn and dss
patches received tonight, from th<
American army on the Sedan from
show that at 6.30 p. m., the troop:
were still advancing.
After cabling to France and re
ceiving an official reply, Secretary
Lansing from the State department
in Washington issued this statement:
;,The report that the armistice with
Germany had been signed is not true
When it reached the department oi
State this mornl.ig an inquiry was a
once dispatched to Paris. At 2.0'
o'clock this afternoon a telegram i:
reply to that of the department wa
received from Paris. It stated tha'
the armistice had not yet been sign
ed and that the German representa
tives would not meet Marshal Foch
until 5 o'clock, Paris time, or 12 nooi
Washington time.
None of these u.jfounded reports
of course, was received or distribut
ed by the Associated Press, which, o:
the contrary, was able by ;investiga
tion conducted through official char,
nels to establish that the story wa.
a hoax.
The false report, however, was no
easily overtaken by the truth as i
spread through the country it gath
ercd momentum until demonstration
approaching hysteria ruled in man:
cities. Business was suspended
sch'ools were closed, bells were rung
whistles shrieked, prayers were offer
ed in churches, parading citizen:
jammed the streets and the scene.
usually attendant on New Year's ev<
and election night were intensified.
The New York Stock Exchange, a.<
well as the curb market, were close
at 2.30 p. m., after a hurried meet
ing of the governors. A markc
which at first appeared to be unre
sponsive suddenly developed active!;
which shot up some of the so-callct
peace stocks from 2 to 12 points. Ex
changes in other cities were similar!;
Here follows a copy of the cable
gram received by the United Press a-,
its New York office:
"United Press, New York.
"Paris?Armistice Allies signed 1 >
morning; hostilities ceased 2 after
noon. Sedan ,taken morning b;
(Signed) "Howard, Simms."
(Howard is Roy W. Howard, presi
, dent of the United Press and Simnn
' is William Philip Simms. Paris cone
spondem of the United Press).
To grasp the situation it should be
borne in mind that Paris being tc
east of the United Sttaes is abouj
six hours ahead of New York time
Although it had been announced thai
the armistice, was signed at 11 o'clock
a ad that fighting had ceased at 2
o'clock, it was a fact that the Ger
man commissioners were not to b<
received by Marshal Foch until I
o'clock, three hours after the hou>
reported as the end of the fighting.
The State department's cable of in
quiry to France was not dispatched
until after the report had been callec
to the department's attention anc!
when a reply came, saying the armis
tice had not been signed and the
fighting had not ceased, liiore tim<
had -elapsed.
At 3.35 o'clock in Paris it was of
ficially announced that four German
officers bearing a white flag prob
ably would arrive at Marshal Foch':
} headquarters some time tonight. The
announcement was one hour and
thirty-five minutes after the hour re
ported as the end of the fighting,
and "Associated Press" dispatche:
filed with the American army on the
Sedan front at 6.30 o'clock tonight
showed that an hour and a half after
the German commissioners had beer
expected the troops still were fight
ing their way forward. This dispatch
said clearly that the American arm>
was consolidating its positions and
preparing for a further advance.
When it was 6.30 o'clock tonight
in London, the foreign office pro
nounced unfounded the rumor that
the armistice had been signed and at
that hour no word had been received
j in the British capital that the Ger
I man delegation had crossed the
j French lines. It should be borne in
J mind, that it was then four hours anc
ja half after the hour reported as set
j for the cessation of hostilities and
more than seven hours after the hour
reported as the signing,of the armis
tice. Government telegraph line:
connect London and the British
headquarters, not far from the place
fixed for the meeting of the Germar
commissioners with Marshal Foch
and London, therefore, is cert.;in t<
receive prompt reports when ;i true*
is arranged.
Tnight as the clocks in Franc?
were turning toward midnight her?
still was no word that the Germar
commissioners had appeared at Mar
shal Foch's headquarters and much
less affixed their signatures to an
The hoax recalled to the public
mind others which had fooled tin
country if not tin- world. One wa: |
the alleged discovery ?'* human being
on the moon ami the other was Dr.
Cook's claim of discovery of tin
North Pole.
A news hoax, however, more close.
lY\Paralleling today's was the one
Many Dying of Fatigue?Horrors oi
Napoleon's Rctereat From Russia
Trilling tyy Way of Comparison.
With the Italian Army at Trenr.
Wednesday, Nov. 6.?(By tho Asso
ciated Press. )?Amid the rejoicing oi
I this redeemed city scenes- of destruc
i tion and starvation are common a
I one passes'over the reads over which
the Italian troops are trying to pas*
the thousands oi" Austrian prisoners
who were cut off by the Italians
southwest of Heizano. Every road
leading up to this city is crowded with
men and on every hand there an
evidences of the collapse of one oi
Europe's mightest armies.
The horrors of Napoleon's retreat
from Russia, it is said hy military ob
servers, were trifling compared with
the suffering of Austrian troops in
this region. Great, masses of men
wait for long hours to move a few
feet or a few hundred yards, to halt
anew on a road littered with the
carcasses of horces and with cannon,
pieces of shields, pistols, risies, brok
en-down auto trucks and machine
Many Austrians are flying fron:
sheer fatigue and starvation and not
wounds. The Italians are doing ah
they can to hurry up food supplies.
This is difficult, and in the meantime
the wounded horses are eaten. Large
bodies of Austrians are helpless. The
correspondent passed between Ru
vereto and Trent, a distance of 1 '<
miles, and saw an unending column
of men marching, none knew whith
er. They asked orders from an offi
cer who was with the correspondent.
When asked if they knew about th?
armistice they said: "We want food
! Food is the only thing that we ar;
j interested in. We are indifferent to
ward peace and death?everything
but food."
It is estimated that nine Austrian
divisions were taken, with the staffs
Thirty-nine divisions were partly dis
organized and in bad condition, and
are retreating from the advancing
Italians. These troops, while equip
ped for their retreat, are without
orders and go traveling here and
there like droves of sheep. It is a
common thing to see an entire brig
ado without officers, the latter having
been ordered to go separately to the
concentration camps.
Returning to the lower levels of
the mountains by way of the Asiag'.
plateau, the correspondent saw fur
ther evidences of devastion of war.
There is not a house left standing hi
the town of Asiago. There also i
much suffering among the peoph
throughout the mountains, who are
foodless and have been robbed oi
j their possessions. By a miracle the
[ rigorous Alpine winter has not yet
set in and these ravages are neces
sary. They* remain glorious memo
I ries of our salvation." The problem
j of feeding tho multitude of prisoner^
1 is grave, but the Italians are making
J a superhuman e.fort. They also arc
treating the prisoners as well as pos
sible. It is common to see hardy
Italian troops generously loss their
own bread rations to the Austri?ns.
saying laughingly: "Tomorrow h
another day; we will eat then."
Socialists Came to tlie Front in
Schleswig and Raised Standard of
London, Nov. 8.?Sonderhurg, a
Prussian town in Schleswig, thirteer
miles northeast of Flensburg, is :r;
the hands of the revolutionists. Ac
cording to a Copenhagen dispatch the
red Mag has been hoisted on the ships
perpetrated on the country at the
death of Pope Pius tho Tenth, l:
was announced by the United Press
some hours before it occurred, but as
the dispatch did not specify the hour
and minute a great achievement In
giving the news to the world was
In the present instance, hovever,
there will be abundant official evi
dence to guide the public. The ar
mistice, being a historic document
will bear the hour and minute at
which the signatures were set upon
it, and the hour at which hostilities
are to end likewise will be officially |
recorded and announced to the
world. \
No one, of course, can say with
certainty when the armistice will be
signed or when the fighting will stop, j
Official proof, however, and the hour:
rolling steadily onward, are ampk
evidence that-it was not -.signed at 1.
o'clock this morning and that "the
fighting did not stop at 2 o'clock thi:
Moreover, it never had been expect
ed that the terms of armistice on
the western front might be accept er
at one brief meeting. Many ques
tions are in-.'olved now which wort
not involved when armistices were
granted to Austria, Bulgaria and
Turkey. One of the principal point
concerns the disposition of the Ger
man fleet, so vital to England. Now
that the fleet is in the hands of th<
revolutionaries, it is not frnprobabh
that the German plenipotentiaries
may not at once be enabled to give
the the assurances the allies will de
mand. It should bo recalled in con
nection with this point that Greal
Britain insisted on having one of the
admirals present with Marshal Foch
at the meeting with the commission
ers and that Germany sent Admiral
von Hintze.
So far as is known tonight the erro
neous report was published in only
two cites in Europe?in London and
in Brest, France. The London news
paper later withdrew its edition anil
printed a retraction. The publica
tion in Brest was by a newspaper
which received the report from the
United Press.
A question being asked tonight by!
man}' is why tho naval censors pass
ed the dispatch for publication if '!
was not true. The answer is That
censors do not pass upon the truth oi
falsity of dispatches; they are only
concerned with whether they contair
information likely to be of value tc
the enemy or damaging to the En
tente military forces. 1
Resolution Calls lor Abolishment ofj
ihc War Industries Board When j
Armistice Now Pending is Signed.
Atlanta, Nov. 7.?Resolutions call
ing for the abolishment of the war
industries board ??immediately upon
th? conclusion of the armistice now
Pending, and calling on farmers and
dealers to hold their cotton for
cents a pound were adopted at a
meeting here today of the Cotton
States Advisory Marketing Board. The
meeting, which was called at the re
vues of Governor Manning of South
Carolina, was for the purpose of dis
cussing the cotton situation, especial
ly the recent fall in price. It was at
tended by commissioners of agricul
ture, bankers, cotton dealers and
other representatives from every
State in the cotton belt.
The resolution calling for dissolu
tion of the war industries board was
introduced by O. P. Ford of Alabama
and followed a discussion at the aft
ernoon session of the meeting during
which the board was critized for the
alleged part it had played in the de
cline recently in the price of cot
This resolution followed one in
troduced by L. D. Jennings of Sum
ter, S. C-, urging cotton farmers and
dealers not to sell their cotton "for
less than" .'15 cents a pound, basis
It was the opinion of the meeting
expressed in a resolution adopted at
the afternoon session, that the "re
cent heavy break in cotton prices is
wholly unjustified by existing condi
tions and the great disturbance in
cident to the heavy break in the mar
ket has temporarily paralyzed the
agricultural and business interests ol
the South and entailed heavy Josse?
to the cotton producer by reason oi
the price being below the cost of pro
Alien Property Custodian Reviews
Work of Taking Over and Ameri
canizing Business.
Philadelphia. Nov. 7.?German in
dustrialism is as much a menace tc
world peace as German military au
tocracy. A. Mitchell Palmer, alien
properly custodian, said in an ad
dress here tonight reviewing th<
work of his office in taking over anc
Americanizing enemy owned proper
The business built up by the Ger
mans in the United States will b<
forever lost to them. Mr. Palmer said
He added that "no other course wouh
bo compatible with the safety o:
American institutions, for Germai
autocracy is quite as apparent in iv
economic exploitation of the world
as in its governmental and militari
domination of control.
Mr. Palmer, who spoke in the Uni
versity Extension Society of Philadel
phia, said the alien property cus
todian's office now has assumed con
trol of nearly ?500,000,000 worth o
enemy controlled or owned property
All of the interests of enemy person*
in industrial and commercial business
where that interest is .large enough u
either inlluer.ee or control the busi
ness, Mr. Palmer said, will now b<
sold at public auction to American
citizens and "whatever accounting i:
to be made when the war is over fci
enemy property taken, so far as that
aecouting affects investment in
American industry will he for thf
money value thereof and not for the
thing itself."
"Germany must he made to under
stand," he concluded, "that her plan
has failed in the industrial field as in
the military."
Anti-Saloon League Declares Prohibi
tion Will Triumph as * Result of
Washington. Nov. 7.?A statement
issued tonight at the headquarters of
the Anti-Saloon League of America
said the result*: in Tuesday's election*
insured ratification by the States ot
the national prohibition amendmem
tD the federal constitution.
"Ohio, Florida, Nevada, Wyoming
and Minnesota." said the statement,
"have voted dry and elected ratifica
tion legislatures. These States, add
ed to the 14 that have ratified the
amendment and the 1ft States new
dry that are sure to ratify the amend
ment, make 33, or two more than
the required :>0 States for ratification
"These additional wet States have
elected legislatures that wiil ratify:
Vermont. Missouri. Illinois, Califor
nia and Pennsylvania."
Opium Smuggling.
Vladivostok, Aug. IS (Correspond
ence)?Opium smuggling from east- j
enr Siberia into Harbin offers such al
luring rewards that scarcely an op-j
portunity is overloked by train por
ters and conductors. Across the Man-:
churian frontier the hillsides are!
ablaze with poppy fields. Tin- pre- i
pared drug will bring triple its pur
chase price if safely delivered in tin
Manchurian town.
A young American woman, travel
ing in a private car from Vladivostok :
recently unearthed a mysterious)
package in her compartment; Tin
car porter seeing it in her hands at
tempted to snatch it. Being a youn.u
woman of spirit, she grabbed up a j
pistol, whereupon the porter Cell up-j
on his knees and begged for mercy.)
With a. little persuasion he produced!
from beneath tl young woman's;
berth a dozen more similar packages ;
They aggregated several pounds of]
Other Americans on board were
summoned and it was decided toj
turn over the opium and the porter to j
the firs;; customs officer encountered.)
This was done?in the station at
Harbin. - The customs officers con -
fiscated the drug, thereby earning a!
reward of several hundred rubles.)
but declared he had no authority toi
:irrcst the smuggler and the porter'
went his way.
Germany has found a substituter
for everything else. It shouldn't be:
bard to nvi] a substittue for the Kais
er,? St. Louis Star. '
Prince Maximilian Advised That Fail
ure of Rulers to Eliminate Them
selves Will Result in Withdrawal
of Party From Government With-'
out DcJay.
Basel, Switzerland, Nov. 8.?The
abdication of Emperor William and
the renunciation of the throne by
Crown Prince Frederick William be
fore noon today were demanded in an
ultimatum sent by the managing
committee of the German Socialist
i party at 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon
to Prince Maximilian of Baden, the
; imperial chancellor, according to the
; Correspondence Socialiste, the offi
j cial organ of the Socialist party of
, Germany.
? The managing committee of the
' Socialist party considered the entire
j political situation and its decisions
j were embodied in the ultimatum
I which Philip Scheidemann, Socialist
j member of the German cabinet with
I out portfolio, sent to Chancellor Max
j imiliari. These decisions were:
j "'First. The right of public assem
j bly.
I "Second. The military and police
must be ordered to exercise great re
i serve. ?
j "Third. The immediate transfor
I mation of the Prussian government in
\ conformity with the views of the ma
I jority in the reichstag.
"Fourth. Greater Socialist influ
i ence in the reichstag.
"Fifth. The abdication of Emper
or William and the renunciation of
the throne by the crown pnfcice."
The imperial chancellor was asked
to reply before noon today, accept
ing the conditions. Otherwise the
Socialists declared they would with
draw from the government.
A Munich dispatch gives additional
details of the meeting at which the
republic) was proclaimed. iSeveral
thousand persons were present, hav
ing come by invitation of the Socialist
party. After fiery speeches by nu
I merous orators the crowd adopted a
i resolution demanding the abdication
j of the kaiser, renunciation of right co
I succession by the crown prince; the
introduction of a democratic regime
?? in Germany, acceptance of. an ar
mistice, no future wars except for
national defense, social reforms and
i eight hour day for workmen.
The speakers were reecived with
great enthusiasm. They all affirmed
that the Socialist party urged neither
a strike nor revolution, but desired
only complete reform.
In a procession which was formed
? and which was a mile long were
many soldiers of all arms headed by
a band. The procession marched to
I the royal palace and the ministries,
where the government hurriedly ppst
ed appeals for the populace to re
! main calm.
The foregoing information was con
tained in a dispatch filed in Berlin to"
Basel, Switzerland, Nov. 8.?The
Berlin Gazette announces the inter
party committee of the reichstag has
taken! no decision respecting the ques
tion of the abdication of the Ger
man emperor, but that the majority
recognizes the imperious necessity of
an early solution of the problem.
Lord Robert Cecil Tells of the Service
of Armenians.
j London, Nov. 7.?The British gov
! eminent is determined that the
wrongs suffered by the Armenians at
the hands of the Turks shall be right
ed and their recurrence made impos
sible writes Lord Robert Cecil, the
parliamentary Under Secretary ot
: State for Foreign Affairs, to Viscount
! Bryce.
Four points mentioned by Lord Ce
cil as the charter of the Armenians'
j right to liberation at the hands of the
I allies, are:
"The refusal of the Armenians as a
[nation in tho fall of 1914 to work for
j the cause of Turkey and her allies,
although offers of autonomy were
ma.de if they actively assisted Turkey
in the war.
"Partly on account of this cour
ageous refusal, the Ottoman Armen
| ians were systematically murdered by
j the Turkish government in 1915,
two-thirds of the population being
exterminated by most coldblooded
and fiendish methods?700,000 men,
: women and ch'ddren being killed.
"From the beginning of the war
that half of the Armenian nation un
j der Russian sovereignty organized
j volunteer corps and bore the brunt
I of some of the heaviest fighting in
j Caucasia under their leader And
I ranik.
j 'These same Armenian corps after
j the Russian breakdown took over
[the Caucasian front and for five
months held up the Turkish advance
and thus rendered important service
to the British in Mesopotamia."
Lord Robert Ceci'; adds that Ar
menians are still lighting in Syria and
have been taking part in the Pales
tine campaign.
Older Will l>e Issued Within a Few
Washington. Nov. 8.?An order
granting railroad telegraphers a gen
eral wage increase will he issued
within a few days by Director Gen
eral McAdoo. it was said today at
the railroad administration. The ad
vance it is said will average about
thirty dollars a month.
Majority Parties Determined to Force
William to Abdicate.
London. Nov. 8.?The German ma
jority parties have held a final dis
cussion of the question of Emperor
William's abdication and will, with
out doubt, unanimously demand that
he abdicate, it is probable that the
demand will come tomorrow, accord
ing to a Berlin dispatch to the Co
penhagen Politiken

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