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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, February 19, 1919, Image 1

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Consolidated Aug. 2,1
Legislature Has Crowded Calen
dar of Important Bills and
Should Adjourn Saturday.
Appropriation Bill and Practical
ly All Other Imporant Meas
. ures Yet to Be Disposed Of.
Columbia, Feb. 17.?The forty days
of the general assembly will be up
Saturday night but it appears un
likely that the body will finish its
work by that time. If it does some
very important legislation will have
.to be passed over, including the good
roads bill. The bills will not be tak
en up :r- ?*her house until tomorrow.
The senate nas made them a special
order tor tonight but it is hardly
probable that it will discuss them be
fore tomorrow. It certainly seems very
unlikely that a vote will be reached
on them before tomorrow or Wednes
day. It will be impossible for the bills
-to get through by Saturday night un
less the Senate votes on and passes
them tonight.
Senator Christensen served notice
? on the senate last week that it would
be humanly impossible for the legis
lature to adjourn this week. He said
the finance committee of the senate
would have to have three or four days
in which to consider the appropria
tion bill. It will hardiy be able to re
port it back before Thursday.
The senate has much work ahead
of it. The bill abolishing the tax
commission has not yet been acted
upcn. It will cause a fight. The bill
preventing the sale of patent medi
cines, extracts, etc. for use as bever
age is also on the senate calendar
"awaiting action as is the house bill
pioviding for a memorial building at
the University to the men who fell
in France. ?
The house has the constitutional
convention resolution and several
other important matters to dispose of. j
The Chnst'ensen bill providing for'
"^tTT^i(Tget system las not yet been j
taken up. . ?
There are so many important mat- j
ter.s awaiting consideration in both i
houses that it seems out of the ques
tier, that adjournment can be reach- j
ed this week.
It is expected that the Senate will:
get to work on the compulsory edu-1
cation bill this week. The bill will
probably be amended somewhat in the
upper house. The House cut the num
ber of months a child is required to
attend school down to four. The
Senate may raise it back to six.
The appropriation bill went
through the house in splendid shape.
There was probably less debate on it
this year than in many, many years.
Objection was raised only to about
half a dozen items. The ways and
means committee was sustained in
practically every instance.
The bill, as amended, carried a to
tal ?20.'.'00 greater than reported. The
levy was not affected.
The greatest change was the addi
tion of an item of 510.000 to cover
the expenses of a delegation to the
peace ccngress to look after the cot
ton interests.
There was a slight tilt over the
law enforcement fund but the fight on
it this year was tame indeed compar
ed with last year and the previous
Last year and in 1017 also the
house oi representatives cut out the
!aw enforcement fund. This year an
effort was made to strike it out but
H was rather weak and failed by an
{iv-erwh^ming majority.
The charge was made that the fund
was used for political purposes in
1917 and 1918.
Practically everybody connected
with the State government gets a sal
ary raise this year. The appropria
tion bill gives all clerks, etc. a raise
or ten per cent. The heads of all
departments have already been rais
ed. The fate of the supreme court
justices' raise is somewhat indefinite
as yet. The senate passed to third
reading a bill allowing all supreme
court justices who reside in Columbia
$1.500 additional. Senator ?dcCoil
made a tight on the measure on third
reading though and held it up. ?
The senator from Marlboro de
clared that he did not object to pay
ing the justices more?he t-h'nks *b?r-;.j
are entitled to it and, ought to have
It but he dislikes the plan hit upon
to raise them. He thinks it an eva
sion of the constitution.
The bill introduced in the house j>y
Representative McAdams to control
venereal diseases is now a law of the
land. It was signed by Governor
Cooper Saturday.
Another bill of interest signed by
the governor Saturday was the Davis
bill, which prohibits the location of 'i
court house within eight miles of a
county line. This bill was passed to i
prevent ?lackvi?e from getting the
court house of Barn well county.
There has been very little display
of factionalism at this session. There'
is a minority group in the house tha?
sticks together pretty well but they
have not engaged in any factional
talk on the floor of the general as
sembly. The nearest approach to it
came during the discussion of the,
"law enforcement" fund Friday night, j
Representative Dreher intimated that
&*ed April, 18*0.
"Be Jon &
.881. SU3
Berlin Newspapers Declare It is
I Nothing More Than an Al
liance of Big Nations.
i !
! "- j
: They Resent Power of Allies to
Admit or Exclude Other Na-j
I tions as They Will.
Berlin, Sunday, Feb. 16.?The Zei
' tung Am Muittang declares that tue
I ieagrue of nations is simply an alli
' ance of the five great nations who
preserve the right to admit or exclude
' other nations. The reservation in the
disarmament clause that disarma
i ment shall take into consideration the
! geographical situation of the nation
; concerned plainly means, the news
| paper says, that France will be ex
empted from its provision. The Paris
'dispatch covering the league covenant
; reached Berlin too late for comment
j by the morning papers.
Boycott Instead
j of Cannon
j Americans Devise Effective
League of Nations to Dis
place Force,
Washington, Feb. 18.?American
! financial and trade representatives
j now in "Europe have demised extensive
I plans for using the economic boycott
' as a weapon against nations failing
to abide by decrees of *he proposed
league of nations. According to of
ficial information today they were
' preparing to urge upon the peace
! conference an option of measures
making possible close international
cooperation in the application of eco- J
nomic principles to replace use of j
armed force'to a great extent.
Xo specific machinery for putting!
into effect measures of economic boy- i
cott aas been agreed upon even by j
the American representatives pending i
further developmht of the plan fori
the league of nations. Tt has been
suggested, however, that some' -sort j
of an international trade commission
be established to gath?r information j
concerning commercial, industrial and
financial operations of each country. |
Official of the treasury- ' depart
ment Ol commerce and war trade |
: board familiar with the plans of the I
! American representatives at Paris,
said this body might be entrusted |
? with powers to investigate unfair trade j
! practices, which might 'easily de
velop into international irritation and
i war. as well as to set in motion the
economic forces against nations trans
| grossing international agreements.
Under the American plan the ma
nipulation of- the supph of raw ma- I
jterials and of the purchase .of manu-j
j facte.red products and of financial ar- j
j rangements between countries would
be the principal means of effecting aj
! boycott. If these measures could be [
I made thoroughly effective American:
representatives believe they would of-!
.ten eliminate the necessity of using
i armed force.
The international commission also
i might 'ievelon broad constructive
powers to work out better plans for
[international financial cooperation
such as the Establishment of a foreign
exchange gold 7'ocl and standardlza
; tion of a multitude of trade laws and
practices. The international high
j commission, including only North and i
South American nations, might be
taken as a pattern for developments!
; of some of the functions.
Officials said the American plan.;
! which will be unfolded gradually and j
subjected to general discussion. J
i would recesitate continued coopera- ,
; tion between the government and j
i business in this country and possibly j
j modifications of thr anti-trust laws, or j
! their application.
Quiet at Archangel
There Have Been No Attacks on
Allies Recently.
By Associated Press.
Archangel, Saturday. Feb. 15.?The
Bolsheviki have made no attacks,
against the allies on the Archangel |
from s;nce February 11th. Allied air-'
planes report on troop movements be-1
hind the enemy lines during the last j
few day.s.
No Railroad Legislation
Congress Abandons Plan to
Consider Railroad Problem.
Washington, Feb. 17.?All plans for
the consideration of railroad legisla
tion at this session of congress was
abandoned today by the house inter
state commerce committee.
this money was used for factional po
litical purposes.
Representative Bradford, chairman
< l.he ways and means committee, re
plying to Tlr. Dreher declarer] that
no governor of the State had ever en
tered the office who had greater love
from the people and greater respect
than (Jovornor Cooper. The latter,
he said, appreciated this and he be
lieved was going to do all he could!
to hold {Iiis love and respect of Utei
people. '
nd Fear not?Det ail the ends Thon Ali
Gevernment Accepts Terms forj
Extension of Armistice at
Last Hour. |
Leaders of Various Parties At- i
tend Meeting That Considered j
i i
Copenhagen, Fob. 17.?The German |
[government on Sunday night accept-j
jedthe allied terms for an extension ot |
J the armistice, according to a Weimar j
I dispatch to the Politiken. The meet- j
ling at which acceptance was decided i
Ion was attended by the leaders of the;
! various parties, the dispatch adds. |
The outbreak at Nuremberg follow-'
ed un attempt by government forces]
to disperse TL proces. ion of Sparta- j
cans who were protesting against thej
reorganization of the Bavarian army. ?
Shots are said to have been fired from j
barracks into the crowd which took
matters into its own hands and storm- ?
ed army headquarters. \
'- !
Susan B. Anthony Resolution;
Reintroduced in Senate by
Senator Jones.
Resolution Was Referred to Wo-;
man Suffrage Committee and!
'\ I
Battle Goes On. .
Washington. Feb. 17.?Another res- j
oluticn providing for-the submission,
to the States the constitutional amend
ment granting woman suffrage was!
ntroduced today by Senator Jones, oi ;
Washington It was referred to the!
woman suffrage committee. It is iden- j
tical With the one. recently rejected in !
the senate. i
British Relief Work j
Great Tasri Efficiently Perform
ed in Devastated Section
! of France.
- i
London, Feb. IG.?The part played;
' by British forces in feeding and as
sisting the inhabitants in villages lib-:
erated by the British advance from
' October 1 to November 25 is re\-ea!ed j
j in a report by a French mission at- j
? tached to the British armies in
j France. The report says the British !
?army had to deal with 790.000 inhabi- j
jtants of French villages, of whom'
1450.000 were in Lille, Roubaix and
?the Turcoing district. This work va
! ried from IS to 32 days, according to i
I the conditions in different districts,
j In spite of difficulties of transporta-.:
tion, which cn several occasions com-;
! pel led the British troops to reduce
'? their own rations, the British dis-:
tributed a minimum Quantity of 5,
[ OS4..000 civilian rations. At least
; 400.000 French people whom the
Germans had systematically depriv-J
ed of all means of subsistence were
saved from starvation, the report
In many case:: British troops car
ried food into villages under shell tire
and th-^ untiring, obliging spirit and i
courage of British drivers in remov
ing civilian refugees in motor lorries j
while under bombardment is praised
in the report. Where there were no
doctors in liberated villages, the Brit
ish medical service admitted wound
ed, gassed or siek civilians to ambu
lances or clearing hospitals and there
was even a mobile field hospital for
the exclusive use of civilians. The
report says:
"The French nation owes its deep
est gratitude to the British officer;:
and men who in the midst of heavy,
victorious fighting thought about sav
ing bun:an lives regardless of the
Premier Clemenceau. in forward
ing the report on behalf of Marshal
Foch to Field Marshal Haig. said:
"Words can not express all that
the British army endured in render
ing this assistance. The government
and people of France will never for
got it."
Memphis. Feb\ 17.?The local com
mittee arranging for the possible
holding of the l?*lf< reunion of Con
federate veterans here today denied
reports that the invitation extended
the Veterans by Memphis had been |
withdrawn, but said that the sugges
tion had been made that it would
probable be advisable to defer hold
inging the reunion here until after <
the completion of the proposed mu- i
nicipal auditorium. It is understood 1
that Savannah will invite the veterans >
if the rounin is not held here. 'i
QM't at be Xhy OonntrVf Thy *3*odvB I
Economical and Financial Prob
lems the Big Question Now
to Be Considered,
i _
Special Commissions Now Ready
to Report Conclusion to Peace
Paris, Fob. 15.?With tho subject
of the league of nations out of the
way for some time to come the big
gest problems before the peace con
ference at present are believed to be
the readjustment of the world's finan
cial and economic relations.
Throo different organizations have
been created to deal with these sub
jects, some of their conclusions are
ready for consideration as soon as the
conference will receive their reports.
Paris. Sunday, Feb. If.?Reports of
revolution at Bucharest is emphatical
ly denied by the Rumanian press nu
reau here.
j The Peace Conference Delegates
' ? Concentrate Attention on
Russian Problem.
Suggestion Made That Direct
Negotiations Be Opened With
Several Russian Factions.
?- j
Paris, Feb. 17.?The attention of
the peace conference delegates will
focus on Russia today, the supreme
council having decided that as the
ftiine allowed for acceptance of thu
iPrinkipo conference invitation had
expired something else must be done.
Several suggestions have been made
'that the invitation be renewed. If
the supreme council accepts this po
sition as seems possible, instead of a
general meeting of represontath/es of
the Russian fa.ctions.' direct negotia
tions may be initiated or commis
sions ne appointed to get in touch
with the opposing elements.
Suffragette Speakers
in Charleston
Crowds Throng Academy Forc
ing Extra Meeting on Out
side of Building?On
to Columbia.
Charleston, Feb. 1C.?Approimate
ly 3,000 persons listened to speeches
by members of the National Woman's
Party here tonight. Crowds of such
proportions sought entrance at the
Academy of Music, where the meet
ing was held that an op<-n air meet
ing was conducted simultaneously
with th-'i meeting on the inside. Fully
1.000 people were jammed at the en
trance to the theater. To relieve the
congestion, members of the party
spoke to those on the outside, while
a similar program was conducted for
the audience on the inside. The meet
ing in Charleston was regarded by j
the women as a magnificent triumph
for th<-ir cause. Meetings will also'
be held here again tomorrow.
Six of the women will go to Colum
bia on the early morning train to- j
morrow morning. These will be:
Miss Anita Pollitzer of Charleston;
Mrs. Abbe Scott Baker. Miss Sue'
White. Miss Lucy Burns, Mrs. John
Rogers. Jr.. and Miss Greiner. all
members of the party on the "Pris
on Special." These will return to
Charleston in the afternoon to join
the group which will remain in
Charleston, and all leave here to-:
morrow night for Jacksonville.
Reds Capture
Spartacan Forces Develop Un
expected Strength in Bavaria.
Cop-mhagen. Feb. 17.?Telephone,
telegraph and newspaper otfices at
Nuremberg, Bavaria, have been oc
cupied by Spartacans, according to
reports received here.
Hun Minister Quits
Count Von Brockdorff Rantzau
Resigns as Foreign Minister.
Basel. Feb. 17.?Count von Brock- '
rlorfr' Rantzau, the German foreign
minister, has resigned, according to a i
Weimar dispatch to the Berlin Vos
siacho Zeitung. There is no eonfirma- '
.i.jii from other sources.
isuf rnu&f. ilELE fRUft
I i
'President Reads Text of Pro-j
posed Convenant of
I Nations.
i / ._
- I
!all in agreement
at final adoption
:Represenatives of Fourteen Pow
ers Represented on Commis
! sion Join in Returning Unani
I mous Report.
1 Paris. Feb. 14.?President Wilson
[was the central figure of the plenary
! peace conference which opened at
j 3.30 o'clock this afternoon when in
I person he read the covenant establish
! .ng a league of nations.
I There was added interest in the
; session as it vas the last gathering of
? the delegates prior to the president's
I departure as well as being the occa
! sion of presenting the document with
j which his name is identified.
! The president was received with
j military honors as he arrived at the
I freign office and the large crowds
j which nad congregated gave him a
! cordial welcome as he passed through.
The de^gates already were assembled
i when the president entered the coun
i cil chamber.
I When he entered the chamber the
! president was greeted by Premier
Clemenceau, Foreign Secretary Bal
four and- Viscount Milner of Great
Britain and the American delegates
at the head of the table. There was
little formality. Premier Clemenceau.
j who is president of the conference,
j called the conference to order and
j the president rose and addressed the
] gathering.
"I have very great pleasure," said
j President Wilson as he began," in
j presenting the report of the com
i mittee which has framed the consti
I tution of a league of nations. I am
! particularly happy to be able to say
I it Is a unanimous report, signed by
j the representatives of all the powfcrs
j on the committee."
President Wilson spoke earnestly,
J but without oratorical effect,
j "The best report I can make/' the
j president continued "is to ?fad the
document itself."
Thereupon he read from a printed
sheet the constitution of the league,
j while the assembly followed his read
) ing with the closest attention,
j While the president was reading.
! _vlrs. Wilson accompanied by the pres
I ^dent's naval aide, was escorted to
I a place back of the delegates' table.
The reading continued for 35 min
j utes without intcruption or applause,
?j \& he closed the president laid aside
[the document and spoke of what had
j been accomplished. The delibera
tions of the commission had been
most instructive, and throughout the
n-oceedin~s the^e was an undertone
of enthusiasm in the great work be
insr accomplished, he said,
j. The results, said President Wilson,
[embodied the judgment of 14 nations
|. represented on the commission and
I these 14 nations were a representative
i~x"*iir> of thf conference itself.
"This is a naron of will in a com- \
j mon purpose." the president proceed- j
I ed. "It is a union which can not be i
i resisted and T dare say one which no j
j ration will attempt to resist." j
i The president pointed out that the j
! document was no "straight .lacket." i
fit was clastic, and not a vehicle of 4
I mifrht. he said. Tt was yet to be de-j
veloped. and as yet care should be!
: taken as to the clothes put on it.!
: While elastic yet it was definite,
i "Tt is definite." continued President j
[ Wilson, "as a guarantee of peace. It I
! is definite as a guarantee against j
aggression. Tt is definite against a j
renewal of such a cataclysm as has j
|?ust shaken civilization."
The president spoke with especial!
emphasis as he referred to the wrongs
committed against helpless people.
"There is one especially notable r
feature of this document." he said.;
"We are done with annexations of
helpless people at times accomplish
ed in the past for the purpose of the,
exploiting of these peoples. In this!
document we realize these helpless '?,
communities are first to be helped!
and developed and that their own in- j
terest and well being shall come be-!
fore any material advantage to the!
mandatory entrusted with their case, j
Too often in the past, the president
added, the world had seen the lands
of helpless communities appropriated !
for political purposes, "and so." he |
raid, "while this is a practical docu
ment, it is above all. a human docu- j
mont. It is practical and at the same,
time it is designed to purify, to rec
tify, to elevate." ':
President Wilson closed his address '
at 1.30 o'clock. having read and '
spoken just one hour. An interpreter:'
then proceeded to render a discourse '
wh:ch occupied another hour. 1
Lord Robert Fecil. head of the Brit- s
British commision on the league of ?'
nations, followed the interpreter in
an earnest speech. It was a good i
omen, said Lord Robert, that docu- 1
ment had been laid before the world *
before Veins' finally enacted, so that <
people everywhere could advise upon ?
and criticise it. The problem had I
been one of greal difficulty for it was v
to r> reserve the peace of the world '
with the least possible interference e
with national sovereignty. r
The results accomplished, he con
tinned, embraces two main prinei- v
pies: First?no nation shall go to c
war untii every other means of set- v
tlement shall be fully and fairly h
Vol. XLVIII. No. a.
Murdock Says They May Be
Already Beyond Control of
Government. ..
j Member of Federal Commission
j Gives Testimony Before Inter
I state Commerce Committee of
I House.
j -
I Washington, Feb. 14.?Victor Mur
I dock, member of the federal trade
'commission, told the house interstate
I commerce committee today that lie
! feared the five big packers had ac
i quired so much power that even the
i Jnited States government might not
j be strong enough to combat it.
".Even Food Administrator Hoover**
(Mr. Murdock said, "could not reack
j into Chicago and take the license
ja great malefactor, although he couJd
? rescind the license of one of the lit
jtle fellows."
This testimony of the trade eom
l missioner followed his statement that
facts gathered during the commis
Ision's investigation of :he meat pacfc
jing industry had been turned over to
[the department of justice and that .
! he had no doubt that proceeding's
j under the anti-trust law would rc
! suit.
Mr. Murdock expressed fear that
the legislative branch of the govern
ment would deal weakly instead of
vigorously with the packers. His
statement that the packers were well
j aware vvhere there would be vacan
cies on the senate an*, house com
mittes which would consider their. ;
case and that they would try .to see J
j to it that "their friends" got on these/
I committees as vacancies occurred,
I brought shap questioning from mena^
I bers of the committee. Mr. Mur- .
dock said he did not mean that any
improper means would be used and
that he did not in any way mean to.,
infer that there had been "stuffing -
j or padding" of committees in the
j-past." ' '
j "But I do say," the witness con
tinued, "that even while we her^^su? t
discussing things that have' happened
in the past, the big interests of tft$
j country are thinking in terms of fn*
future. They are always well ahead
of us. And you can depend upon "it
that they are doing it now." '?? ([
Commissioner Murdock strongly
urged enactment of legislation before
the committee for government con
trol and regulation of the meat in
dustry. Replying to questions of
committee members, he said it was
j entirely possible that if the meat in
dustry were made subject to legisla
; tion sueh ??s that proposed every oth
I er business might be made subject to
! *;miliar 'egislation.
The committee closed its hearing
j with the examination of Mr. Mur
; dock, who devoted considerable time
j to discussion of the socalled inter
i national meat pool, which was sharp
j ly criticised in the commission's re
! port to the president last summer.
! "The packers," he said, "have come
[before this committee to testify, but
: where they did not evade entirely the
subject of the international meat
! poo!, they answered erroneously. This
is a combination of American packers
which In s for one of its purposes,
among ether things, the allotment of
space for me?..t shinments from South
America to the United States, as well
to "Prance.
"They say that the restrictions and
apportionment of space was sanction
ed by the British government in whose
ships the meats from South America
was carried. They have said that the
British government as a war measure
to insure she feeding of civilian popu
lations abroad and the armies of the
allies arranged the percentage these
packers were to have cargo space.
However, it is a fact that a meeting
was held in Chicago at which these
very percentages were agreed upon
by the r epresentatives of the packers
and that meeting took place two
years befcre the outbreak of war in
"All this in itself offers proof of
the charge made by the federal trade
com mission."
Washington. Feb. 15.?Approval of
a proposal to establish a government
price adjustment board to stabilise
conditions during the post war pe
riod was cabled by President Wilson
today to Secretary Redfield.
tried; second, no netion shall forcibly
seek to disturb a territory's Integrity
>r interefere with the political inde
?x?7vlenee of the nations of the world.
These were the great principles but
later another great principle must be
aid down, namely, that no nation
mould retain armaments fit only for
aggressive purposes.
Hr. Vittorio Orlando, the Italian
^rin-.e minister, expressed deep satis
nction at having collaborated in what
vas going to be one of the greatest
locuments of history. He would not
:peak of the merits of the scheme.
")r. Orlando continued, as these had
?M en exn'amed by one whose nobie
nspiration had brough!^ it into exist
ence The war had brought forth the
te^ossitv for this document.
"Thus born out of the pains- of
rar." the premier exclaimed "this Is a
loeument of freedom and right
rhieh represents the redemption of
lumantty by sacrifice." , _

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