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?BY? OSTEEST PUBLISHING COMPANY SUMTER, S. O. Terms: 91.50-par annum?i? advance. Advertisements. ->ne Square first insertion .. ..$1.00 Svery subsequent insertion.50 Contracts for three months, or longer will be made at reduced rates. All connnunications which sub serve private interests will be charged V>r ws advertisements. Obituaiies and tributes of respect will he charged tor. The Sumter Watchman was found v*i in IS50 and the True Southron in 1566. The Watchman and Soutiron now has Lie combined circulation and influence of both of the old papers, and is marifestly the best advertisiM: mediam in Sumter. POSTMASTERS AND POLITICS. Many a citizen must have rubbed his eyes on reading the announcement1 that a Republican has been appoint- j ed postmaster of Boston. In the old j days the office would have gone, as a; matter of course, to some ?'deserving; Democrat"?or if in a Republican ad- J - ministration^ to a "deivrving Repub lican." The qualifications, in either ?case, would have been primarily po liticaL j 'HJilll And behold another wonder! In this case the successful candidate was chosen from a list of 2o or more ac cording to a scale of merit which al lowed 8-0 per cent f^r business experi-! ence anjd 20 per cent for education, i Anyone""? can figure cut for him self how much-percentage was left for po litical influence of any character. This Boston appointment is not, by j any means, the first of the kind made j since civil service rules were applied to j first class postmasterships, but it hap- i pens te- be the most conspicuous. I There is no question of the fitness of j the new Boston postmaster, George ?. j Crocker. Besides passing the best ex- j aminaCon for the place, he has th -. | record, of having served acceptably as j city treasurer of Boston. Thej^iew method of selection is ob- j viously better for the postofflce de- j partment, and should prove better in! the-long run for politics. It is one of ; the hig steps toward putting Ameri can public service on a higher plane and ?ius getting into public oPce men ejiqual in ability to those occupy-. ing corresponding places in ''private ,1 business. TOO MANY PEOPLE. For- generations scientific men have i been "viewing with alarm" the grow-, ~4 .... ?? .. ing population of the-world. Every! little; while along comes "some learned statistician Ipw^Malthus, and ngures that the vsarth cannot sustain many more p Bple, and if they continue re producing as usual their numbers j must^nevitably be kept down by wars.! disease?or starvation. The latest j |> innist is the sttaistician for the | ommonwealth of Australia. He says j /Hhefe were on the earth in 1914 about 1,649,000,000 people, that the big war killed off very few of them, and the population is increasing right along now at the rate of 1 1-6 per cent aj year, and at this ^ate there will soon! be T*a severe strain on tne resources of nature." Well, modern man is always push- | - ing beyond the economist's "edge of cultivation" and making a living ou^ of viand that nobody before ever "thought worth cultivating. And there are the vast tropics, as yet hardly touched agriculturally. Land chem istry is working wonders. We are get- j ting fertilizer out of the air. From j air and water alone we may yet pro-' duce food. The interior heart of the; .-V "... earth will be tapped for fuel. Sir< 'Oliver Lodge expects that man soon- i er or later will get his energy direct j from the ether of space-, or from j atoms of matter?and there are thou- j sands of horsepower bottled up in a cubic inch of anything. Who can set a limit to the "re sources of nature" or to man's ability to turn them to his purpose? From all we can learn, thsee .649.000.000 peo ple have more food and comforts of j life than any generation of their an- j cestors had since Adam left Paradise.! It is the most sparseiy settled I /countries that are poorest. The more; people multiply, the more they mul-1 tiply the necessaries of life and the more goods they have apiece. Too .many people gather in cities some times, and so have difficulty in get- \ ting a living; but that is merely a fault of local distribution. In this census year we need not add to our present troubles and wor-? ry about the future of the numan (race. When there are 1,000,000.000 i people in North America, they will probaly all be better off than they are j now. Kansas City. Jan. 10.?General Pershing was the guest of the city today. He was presented with a gold hilted sabre. Washington. Jan. 12.?The formal call- for the first meeting of the League of Nations council, which will be held in Paris Friday, will be issued hv President Wilson probably today, the State department announced. Wisconsin Socialists and Alien Enemy Denied Seat in Con gress By Majority Vote ONLY SIX MEMBERS VOTED TO SEAT HIM Action of House Based on Fact That Berger Has Been Con victed of Aiding Enemy Washington, Jan. 10.?Victor Ber ger, Milwaukee socialist, rcelected from the Fifth Wisconsin congres sional district after he had been re fused membership in house, 'because he gave aid and comfort r" the ene- j my," was denied his seat again today ! by a Vote of 283 to u. j The house acted in a little more j than an hour after Berger had pre sented himself to be sworn in. Ch?ir- i man Dallinger of the elections com mittee which held Berger ineligible the first time, presented a resolution j barring Berger and reviewed the rea- ! sons why Berger was excluded at the: special session; Representatives Mann. I Republican, of Illinois, Voigt, Repub-j lican, of Wisconsin and-' Sherwood, j wcod. Democrat^ of Ohio, spoke in ; support of Berger's right to a seat. "This is a representative form of; government." ' Mr. Mann' said, '"and this we must maintain inviolate if the; people desire it Berger was erected; by the people of Wisconsin. They i have a right to be represented." Request for a hearing on Henry H. j Bodenstad's right to the seat denied j Berger has been made before Chair- j man Dallinger. Bondenstad, a Repub- ! lican, was defeated by Perger by a j majority of 4.0S6 votes in the special; election. The committee previously! held Joseph P. Carney. Berger's op- j ponent in the first election, to be in eligible. Chairman Dallinger said to-; day that at the time of his first elec- : tion Berger was only under "hidict-i ment under the espeionage act, but ! that he had been convicted before the i second election. This, he added, would^ s-rengthen Bodenstad's case. Those voting to seat Berger were: Marn, Harreld. Republican, of Okla homa, Griffin. Democrat, of New York, Sherwood, Democrat, of Ohio and Sis son, Democrat, of Mississippi. Repre- : sentative Sabath. Republican, of lili- j lois voted present. ? Berger declared in a statement after j the vote that the house action was i 'one of the worst attacks on the rep- | *esentative form of government ever j witnessed in this country." . "It is really a denial of the right of; people to elect the citizen of their ? choice." he said. Speaking to his resolution. Chair- j man Dallinger said Berger was ex- j eluded the first time "not because of his so-called radical views, not because he is a Socialist, but because he is in eligible to membership under pro visions of the constitution." 'This will disqualify him permanent ly," he declared. ' The people of Wis consin may reelect him. and there arc some who contend that if the people want him in congress he is entitled to a. seat, but a man excluded as Berger has been can never be eligible to mem- j bership." Representative Voigt, who was the 3nly member to vote to seat Berger the first time, spoke in favor of seat ing him today. "I am more firmly convinced than \ ever." he said, "that Berger is entitled ? to a seat. If he is a traitor, then there | are 25.000 traitors in the Fifth Wis- ! consin district. "There are," a score of members j shouted. 'Then there arc traitors in your district.'" Voigt retorted. "Not at all," came from various members. Milwaukee. Jan. 10.?The Socialist! committee of the First Wisconsin con- ! gressional district within a half hour ! after receiving the news that Victor J Berger had been excluded from con- ; gross a second time renominated him.: The statement was made that he j would be the candidate of the party at a special election to be demanded ! from the governor. "We will keep "n nominating Bor ger until Hades freezes over if that ; uri-Amcrican aggregation called eon-, gross continues to exclude him." de dared a statement issued by the com - mittee. j "We want every person in this country' to understand that the voters of Fifth Wisconsin district know ex- ? actly whom they want as their repre sentative in congress, and we do not \ propose to let Giliett and his bunch j of Wall street fawners dictate to us j on the subject. "Berger is our congressman and th^ action of congress in unseating him ' a second time only starts the real j fight that will not end until every one of the reactionaries who voted in to-1 day's disgraceful proceedings have, retired by the hallo? to the oblivion they so richly deserve." Bordeaux. Jan. 9.?Construction! work on the sriant Lafayette radio sta tion being built hero by thr> American navy is finished and installation of the1 electrical equipment will be completed next spring, it is announced. This will be the largest and most power ful wireless station in the world, ac cording to naval authorities. Washington. Jan. 12.?President Wilson today summoned Secretary Glass to the White House for a con ference at which it is understood thcl successor to Mr. Glass will be discuss ed. The appointment is expected soon so Mr. Glass can 'ake his seat in thel senate, succeeding the late Senator! Martin of Virginia. ' Chamber cf Commerce Notes. The importance of educating and organizing the - colored farmers of Sumter county regarding preparation for the boll weevil, as suggested in this paper some days ago by the sec retary of the Sumter County Cham ber of Commerce appears to have met with approval among many citi zens of this county. An influential and large white farmer talked this matter over with Secretary Keardon this week, and sai., he intends to take this matter up at the big boll weevil conference in Sumter next Thursday, January loin, at 11 a. m. at the county court room. The idea is to hold community meetings of colored farmers in every township of the county to be a<! dressed by leading white men and by colored leaders also, stressing the im portance of the colored farmers re ducing thir cotton acreage to suit weevil conditions, planting of pea nuts, toabeco, potatoes, velvet beans, corn, raising of sufficient hogs, poul try, etc. White men are doing a lot of con ferring and some very important wee vil preparation work among them selves, Clemson College experts and county demonstration agents all over the wesvil infested counties, banker.4;' associations, avtornobllc association i s Chambers of Commerce and other business organizations are working among the white farmers in good style. Put with the exception of the Sumter County chamber of Commerce which is working among the negroes to assist them to get ready as well ass working among the whites, there lias ben practically nothing done to get the negroes oragnized. educated, and pulling together with their white fel low citizens in the boll weevil propa ganda of tile State; Ten or fifteen mass meetings, one or two a day in each township or about twenty meet ings i-: ail could be pulled off easily within a week's time among negro farmers. Bankers, merchants, farm ers, from city or town or from both places, could divide up the time, each speaker addressing one meeting, and. in this way much valuable informa tion could be spread and much valu able assistance rendered the negroes. The Clemson College Farm Extension service holding meetings or boll wee vil conferences in thirty or more weevil infested counties at this time shoud pay a great deal of attention to colored farmers who are in the majority in cotton infested territory. If the negro share croppers tenants are left bankrupt by to much boll weevil they will have to leave this country or section of coun try to make a living. The import ance of providing for future agricul tural labor is of too mu> h i? a pert ance flow ' ev weet'il rTevas?fation 'to ?? ? s ? ?>n an irs polarst at" cur agricultural; labor, and com mercial interests by not cooperating with the negroes who are in a big majority in this section of South Carolina. Thr? suggestion about community meetings and organizing the negroes should be fully discussed a- and pror vide for at boll weevil conference in Sumter and in other weevil infested counties. It should be made a separate and distinct part of the program and not overlooked. The negroes need help, they are asking for it and they will take advice. No farmer need worry about the market for peanuts. Peanuts' are now too important a food product to go unpurchased. Wherever ^h^r are peanuts for silo "here w"P h nientv of *>uyers as the demand wil* furmsh the markets "f we Just hav the- peanuts to sell in*-this county. It has been suggested that, peanut harvesting machinery be supplied un der the cooperative plan by ginnery owning the harvesting machinery to rent out in their respective sections. The Sumter County Chamber o* Commerce is looking into this propo sition and has requested a Sumter machinery" house to take this matter up with the Sumter county ginners without delay. If this machinery house does go at this matter in th<4 right 'spirit there will be township Farmers interested' should see the Chamber of Commerc1 manager in order that it might be possible to find out how the idea takes among pea nut growers of this county. It is hoped that every mercantile establishment, bank, manufacturing establishment, and every business and professional place in Sumter will be represented at the boll weevil confer ence here on next Thursday. Likewise everySfarmer should be on hand. Let ihr* farmers and the business'men. bankers, and professional men got together for a general understanding r.exi Thursday. Thir**. Lyceum Number?Throe Artists in Concert. The patrons of -j-.0 Sumter Lyceum Course will have the'opportunity of heating, i:; the Trinaerin Concert Corn au y. a singer of international reputa tion in the person of Signor Bonanno. This artist has sung at the Paris Op era and at a special concert in honor of President Poincaire. It may be of interest to know that this gentleman is a member of the nobility, with the title of Duke Misilmeri. But he doesn't depend upon his title for his fame as a singer. He has a rich baritone voice and is said to sing with a great deal of expression and temperament. He can sing in English, as well as in several other languages. Miss Simpson was for ?wem1 y. priina donna with the English Opera Company, and has appeared in con certs in America. The rianist. Gwendolyn Bayless, is also a reader. She is a graduate or Cincinnati Conservatory of Music. Al together, this company will give one of the most artistic recitals ever ren dered in Sumter. The members of ihr- Lyceum Association here are jus tified in looking forward to a treat, and -ho committee feels sure that this number will maintain the high stand ard set by the two preceding numbers <<f this course. General admission to those who are not holders <>f season tickets, will be $1.00. This recital will be given at the Girl's High School at 8.30 o'clock, Tuesday evening. January* 13. ! ANTI-SALOON ? LEAGUE DRIVE I _ j Big Campaign Started to Raisei ?2,250,000 in the South Bryan to Speak i i Atlanta. Jan. 12.?United States! Senator Wm. J. Harris, of Georgia,! j declared that the national prohibition! I law will ~.ot enforce itself and that! it requires the moral and financial! support of the people, in a letter re ceived today by Chief Justice Nash R. j Eroyles. or the Georgia court of ap peals. Senator Harris' statement was made in a letter endorsing the anti- j saloon league campaign for funds in Georgia. Mississippi. Tennessee, South Carolina and Florida, which begins, Thursday, the day before the 18th amendment goes into effect. Judge! Broyles is chairman for Georgia. Senator Harris says: "The eight-! '?etith amendment brings constitution-; al prohibition to the United States,. ;nd I am certain it marks the begin-! .ling of the greatest era for the health.1 prosperity, increased earning capacity; of our laboring people and success of-] the nation. Prohibition is the law; and every law-abiding citizen should'! assist and encourage its enforcement. | This law. as well as others, will n'ocj enforce itself automatically. It re-] quires the moral and financial support! of the sane and constructive people of the country. , Wm. Jennings Bryan is an honorary chairman of the campaign and will make a speaking tour in its interest. < The quotas f<a- the five Southeastern j States total $2.250.000. The national' quota is $30.000.000 which is to be; used for home law enforcement, to Americanize the foreigner and to ef Write for 1920 Catalog Profusely illustrated, packed with information about Field. Garden and Flower Seed. Sent free upon request. T. W. WOOD & SONS, SEEBSL-rEK", .. - Richmond, Va. foct a dry world by 1930. Col. W. j McDonald Lee, of Richmond, is nat-j ional field director and E. Y. Clark, ,; of Atlanta, Southern campaign direc-! tor. _ i ?-^??????????? Strange Malady in Oklahoma. Oklahoma City. Jan. 11.?Five! hundred of the 2,000 inhabitants of j Shiatook, Tuisa county, are serious ly ill of a strange malady which baf fles physicians, according to reports to the State health department. Several deaths have occurred. In: the opinion of one of the physicians; here the disease is a mild form of ? cholera. It begins with an attack j of dysentery and causes a losing of. weight, according to the report. The State health department will send three physicians and ten in- j spectors there tomorrow. -. Washington, Jan. 12.?The supreme; Court today denied permission for the j New Jersey Retail Liquor Dealers' As- i sociation to bring original proceedings '? in the Supreme Court to tost the con stitutionality of the prohibition amend j ment and enjoin its enforcement in! New Jersey. The court held it had j no jurisdiction in the matter. INDUSTRIAL CON FERENCE MEETS Country's Industrial Situation to Be Considered Washington, Jan. 12.?President Wilson's second industrial conference reassembled today after several weeks recess, to consider suggestions and proposals for the stabilization of the nation's industrial situation. Big Cotton Sale. Mr. p. C. Thomas on Monday dis posed of his cotton holdings amount ing to 508 bales. This big sale was made through Mr. S. J. Smith of this place, who represents McCabe & Co., the Charleston exporters. The cot ton was sold as follows: Good mid dling 41 l-2c; strict middling 41c; middling 40c. This is the largest deal that ^as been pulled through here this season.?Manning Times. FORD?New, for sale, with starter, demountable rims, large steering wheel, extra radius rods and other cxrras. See Tom Tcague, Mechan I ic. Anchor Motor Co. FERTILIZERS For over a quarter of a century the firm of Harby and company (and their Successors) HARBY AND COM PANY, INCORPORATED, have been distributing Ferti lizers to the Planters of South Carolina. The brands of goods we distribute are not only standard, but most of the formulas are OUR OWN, and manufactured ES PECIALLY FOR OUR TRADE. All lands do not require the same materials. They dif fer as well as individuals. We can supply you with ANY ANALYSIS, or ANY FORMULA wanted, and we ?tand squarely behind the Manufacturer's guarantee. In other words, you have the Manufacturer's guarantee, as well as the guarantee of HARRY AND CO., INC.. on every ton of goods you buy from us. Yr get SERVICE, QUALITY and' FAIR PRICES HARBY & CO., INCORPORATED Mo. 9 West Liberty Street, SUMTER, S. C. IMPORTERS, DEALERS AND DISTRIBUTORS, OF ALL FERTILIZER MATERIALS A" 'COMPLETE mWll iZFRS ANY ANALYSES. wfrei. /ou buy from us. All we befor-3 you place your order, shipments. ask is that you SEE US Our specialty is carload v. c. Pb<*ipe. V. Pres. & Mgr. K. M. Hall, srcty. & Ureas 4. .1. Brennan; Asst. Mgr. Fertilizer Dept. W. P. Rivers. Asst. Mgr. Cotton Dept. / * m Ii .-j?aoamupc! ? .mi???? i WE HAVE ON HAND BETWEEN 125 & 150 SUITS AND OVERCOATS WHICH WE CARRIED ONE OR MORE SEASONS. , These Suits are priced at $22.50 to $40.00. They are good patterns and mostly conservative styles. All wool serges as low as $22.50 and $25.00. IF YOU WANT A GOOD SUIT OR OVERCOAT AT A REASONABLE PRICE NOW IS YOUR OPPORTU NITY. ' ???? mm ? m ?? ??? ? ??a?i?