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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, June 14, 1922, Image 1

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Judge Shipp Refuses
; to Grant New Trial
W and Passes Death
Sentence .
Florence. June 9.?Judge S. W.
' G. Shipp in the sessions court here
ipfeis afternoon refused to grant Ed
mund D. Bigham a new trial and
^sentenced him to be put to death
r in the electric chair July 14.
Bigham was convicted of murder
in connection with the killing ? of
his brother. Smiley Bigham, and is'
indicted for murder also for thej
deaths of his mother and sister and j
the latter's two adopted children.!
The wholesale murder took place
*? en the Bigham plantation in Janu
ary, 3S21.
Bigham was tried in March of
last year. The supreme court'dis,
k missed the appeal and Bigham's
attorneys sought a new trial on the
ground of after discovered evidence
?which, they declared, tended to
show that Smiley and not Ed
mund Bigham did the killing. vlt is
not thought the case will-end here, j
Unabashed by the sentence of j
death, Bigham argued with thej
court this afternoon 'before hun- j
dreds of spectators for the privilege
.of saying. "Some things I would;
like to tell now, as this may be my
test chance to speak ^before these
pepole." The court replied that
"depended on how long you will
take to tell them." Then as in!
afterthought, the court added.
>"You might as well tell it. though."
Abuses State Witness.
Immediately the. doomed man
pounced upon Philip H. Arrow
smith, local attorney, who was an
important witness in the conviction!
of Bigham for the wholesale mur
"I would have liked to nave seen
Mr. -Arrowsmith here," he said, in
opening. "I would like to have
him standing: right here," indi
; eating the center of the court room.
"I would tell the reason Arrow,
smith accused me right to his?" !
Whatever he intended to havej
said probably will never be spoken, j
for the court stopped him sum. j
marily with the reminder he was;
viiot up there to make a speech but
to state any legal reason he might j
have why sentence of death should ]
1 not be passed upbri" him.
"/ *T never studied law," said Big
ham, beginning on the line which j
the court had indicated he must ?
follow in his discussion. "I am
ready to meet my God and am not
guuilty. The reason I am convicted j
is because of th'e falsehoods which
have been piled up against me. I j
may have to die.. In fact, that's
what I am up here in this prison- j
er*s dock for now. It's hard to
die for something one did not do.
"Jesus Christ had to die so. He
prayed for the night to pass from
Him. The people x/tiQ, testified
against me and stuck oat to have
me killed did ft.
Pleads for Himself.
"If I knew the law. maybe I
could state some reason why I
should have a new trial?one more
chance. No one knows it all ex
cept God and myself.-r If there's
any way you could give me another
trial, just one day more in court,
I would appreciate it. The state
has ^pur other cases against me. I
never had a fair trial. The verdict
of that trial stands against me."
Bigham repeatedly avowed his
innocence and as often averred
that innocent blood would be shed
when he was executed.
"I worked hard and had laid
by some means." he said in the
earlier part of his statement to the
court. "But for my property, no
one ever would have accused me.
But they know that when the juice
ts turned onto me, it'll be money in
their pockets."
Thereafter he likened himself to
St. Paul, to John, the Baptist, and
to Christ Himself, all their blood
having been shed innocently. "But
I'll rise in glory with them."
* He/challenged the stare to con
front him.^ even when he will be
buckled into the death chair in the
penitentiary in Columbia, with one
person who can say truthfully
that he ever did him a single
wrong or injury.
letters Do Xot Impress.
A. Ii. King, the attorney for thei
defense, betrayed far more emotion
in conducting the hearing than
Bigham ever manifested. Mr. King I
impressed his audience deeply that
he does believe Bigham is an in
nocent man. But the facts pre
sented by the solicitor, L. M. Cas
que, weighed against him. Con
sidering the letters and signatures,
which were alleged to have been
written by Smiley, for whose mur
der Edmund is sentenced to die, to
Edmund while the latter was in
Georgia, the court stated frankly
he doubted their authenticity. He
practically as good as said they
were frauds and forgeries.
Bigham began to show the strain
of the trial for his life when the
solicitor in the afternoon took the
floor to argue against giving him a
new trial on the alleged after dis-;
covered evidence. First, he turn.'
ed almost livid white. I,ater. un
der the stress of taking the sen
tence of death, he turned ashen in
color. As the judge pronounced
the date of execution, his jaw drop
ped. As the case wore on, evident
iblisbed April, 1850.
Masked Mob Take
Man From Home
Near Belton and
Beat Him
Anderson. June 9.?Further ac
tivities of what is believed to be
the Ku Klux Klan in this county
Thursday came to light today when
it was reported here that a body
of masked and.robed men took Ol
lie Crompton from his home in the
eastern part of Anderson county
and escorted him to a remote spot
near Cooley's bridge near Belton,
then administered a severe whip
ping to him and admonished him
to stop dealing in liquor. Cromp
ton is said to have been returned
lo lii> home later in the night.
^ Marked and white robed men
Thursday night kidnapped Robert
Sullivan, secretary and treasurer of
the Orr cotton mills, and Miss Ruby
Floyd, from Sullivan's car on Beh
ton street, carrying them to
Eureka' church, several miles out,
where Sullivan is said to have been
beaten and warned to stop asso
ciation with the Floyd girl. Sulli
van and the girl were returned
here and each denied that Sulli
van had been beaten. Charges of
disorderly conduct are pending
against the girl for an alleged dis
turbance in her neighborhood a
short time ago.
Police and couty officers say they
have been unable to find any clue
to the identity of the men who
kidnapped Sullivan and Miss
Floyd or beas Crompton.
Anderson, June 9.?-While An
derson was still talking today about
the kidnapping here last night of
Robert W. Sullivan and Miss Ruby
Floyd, i? became known that Ol
lie Crompton was taken from hi3
home at Williamston last night and
flogged by masked men.
Crompton told police his captors
charged him with being a bootleg
ger and advised him to sell no
more liquor. Xo arrests have been
njade in either case and Solicitor
L. W. Harris said today he had not
decided whether or not to seek a
grand jury investigation of the
Sullivan, who i:* a well known
cotton mill man, was warned by His
kidnapers not to be seen again in
the company of Miss Floyd, but he
declared he made no promise and
they were said to have gone riding
together again tonight.
Union Heads Call on Rail
Managers to Answer
v ' i
Cincinnati, June 9.?Six railroad.
presidents, accustomed to solve the
"complex problems of the rail
roads" were called upon tonight to
announce a solution of "how much
fuel 'shall be put in the human
boilers of sectionmen and their
families, so that they may produce
and maintain a safe roadbed," by
the heads of eleven railway labor
organizations, who, Tuesday de
cided to take a strike vote of their
memberships as a protest against
further wage cuts, due July 1.
The statement was in reply to
a joint statement issued by H. E.
Byram, president of the Chicago
Milwaukee and St. Paul: Hale
Holden, Chicago, Burlington and
Quincy; W. H. Finley, Chicago and
Northwestern; J. E. Gorman, Chi
cago. Rock Island and Pacific; C.
H. Markham, Illinois Centra!, and
S. M. Fellon, Chicago Great Wes
Pointing to the rail executives'
assertion that the employes "are
interested sincerely in their jobs
and their homes and few employes j
in any industry have more good
reasons for doing so." the union
leaders declared this statement con-'
victed them of accepting "as just j
and reasonable the minimum wage
of 23 cents an hour, ? 11.04 a week,
$46.92 a month' and $363.04 a year,
which is proposed for the section
The labor heads declared they
"welcomed the opportunity to dis
cuss with practical railroad offi
cials the problems of the indus
try" and asserted "the hope for
the railroad industry rests large
ly on the extent to which railroad
officials discuss frankly with their
employes the problems not alone
of the industry, but of the employes'
They, therefore, asked a "frank j
discussion" of the executives' state-!
mest that the employes "have been |
expecting a reduction are mak- i
ing preparation.', to meet the new j
Chicago. June 9?President j
Harding- in a message from the;
administration committee of the Il
linois Chamber of Commerce todax
was urged to reappoint W. P. G. j
Harding as governor of the federal
reserve board.
ly with diminishing hope for the;
defense, Bigham seemed to take on
a desperate, haunted look.
It was the first betrayal of any |
feeling in the matter that has es
caped him, in word or appearance j
since the trial more than a year |
ago. j
"Be Jost and Fear
Approximately $110,
000,000 Will Be Lop
ped From Pay Rolls
of Workers by Or
der of Labor Board
Cincinnati, June 8?(By the As
sociated Press.)?President Hard
ing will be appealed to by the
leaders of 1,200,000 railway work
ers, part of whom have already re
ceived wage cuts' from the Rail
road Labor Board, due July 1, in an
effort to stave off further reduc
tions in their pay envelopes, it was
decided at a conference of rail
union heads tonight.
Leaders of the electric railway
employes' organization, which
Tuesday decided to take a strike
vote of their membership, agreed
tonight to outline a letter to the
president presenting their argu
ment for higher wages, or at least
no further reductions. A commit
tee of union executives was ap
pointed by B. af: Jewell, president
of the railway employes* depart
ment of the American Federation
of Labor, to draft the letter.
Approximately $110,000,000 will
be lopped from the pay rolls of the
400,000 shop crafts and the 500.000
maintenance of way men under or
ders of the board July 1. The new
rates of pay will range from 54
cents an hour for mechanics' help
ers to 70 cents fer mechanics. The*
maintenance of way men will get
from 23 to 35 cents an hour.
These rates were branded as
"starvation wages" by the union
leaders and it is their intention, in
the letter to President Harding, to
demand whether the country s
chief executive thinks these wages
sufficient "to maintain an Ameri
can standard of living and properly
sustain a family."
It> is understood that the letter
will contain specific figures on,
what the railroad men consider an
adequate wage and will endeavor ,
to refute the position of the Rail-I
road Labor Board as set forth m
their recent wage reduction decis
ions. The letter was only in ten-;
tative form tonight and may not
be ready for transmission to Wash
ington before tomorrow night,
union leaders said.
Farm Federation Advises
Drive at Congress on Mus
cle Shoals Plan
Washington. June 11.?A cam
paign for acceptance of Henry
Ford's Muscle Shoals offer at this!
session of congress. \v"as begun to- j
night by the American Farm Bu- i
reau Federation, whose Washing-1
ton correspondent, Gray Silver, j
forwarded to state secretaries of j
the organization a circular sug- j
gesting that members of congress j
be informed "in unmistakable j
terms" of the sentiment of the
farmers toward the plan.
"There is no assurance," said j
the letter, "that the proposal will
be still proffered if it is not ac
cepted before adjournment. The
offer was made one year ago and
the time has come to say 'yes' or]
'no.' This cause is worthy of your!
most active support. Members of'
congress can not reflect your de
sires unless you, tell them in unmis
takable terms that you want a vote
on the Ford proposal and that you
want it accepted at this session."
The federation, which under
Mr. Ford's offer would be one of
three farm organizations having
membership' on an administrative
board organized to regulate ferti- j
lizer sales and audit the transac
tions of the plant, calls attention
to the differences that have arisen
in the house military committee
over the question and suggests
that, the Corgas plant controversy
"is not the true issue before con
"It has been raised by the Ala
bama Power company," the cire-*?
lar continues, "which is acting as
the mouth piece of all the special
interest groups that are opp02e,I
to the Muscle Shoals development, j
The real issue is between the con
suming public and these special in
terest groups. These great interests
are the fertilizer manufacturers
and allied interests, the by-product
coke ovens with their related steel
interests, ihe water-power cup. the
aluminum monopoly, the chemical
combine and the financial inter
It is declared further in the cir- j
cular that the Ford proposal "in
augurates a new method of de- j
veloping our great natural re-1
sources with low interest rates and j
amortization of the cost." in addj
tion to giving to a board of farm-j
ers the regulatin of distributing J
Bolshevik Premier Able to
Walk in His Garden
.Moscow. June 12.?Premier Le
nine's condition continues to show
improvement, it is stated in official
circles and he is now able to walk
in the gardens, and dictate let
Not?Let all the ends Thou Aims't
Sumter, S. C, Wednesc
Evelyn Recc
Here's Evelyn Nesbit and her Ja
{ has gained 15 pounds in several wee!
i a baron or chauffeur or anyone- '
j __
Majority Report Says
Ford's Bid for Mus
cle Shoals Only One
Worthy of Consid
Washington. June 9- -Three sep
arate reports setting forth recom
i mend?tions for action by congress
; on proposals for the Muscle Shoals
projects were made to the house
today by members of the military
committee. Acting chairman Mc
Kenzie, who drafted the majority
report, declared the Ford proposal
to be the only one found "worthy
?of consideration" and asks accep
tance by the house, provided the
Gorgas plant is not included. Con
currence in the majority report,
except for reference to the Gorgas
plant is voiced in one minority
! opinion by representative Wright
j of Georgia, who is supported by
! one Republican. The remainder
i of the democratic members, in a
j third report, opinion is adverse to
jthe acceptance of the Ford offer
\ unless modified in other sections
j than respecting the Gorgas plant.
List of Those ^Vho Have Filed
Pledges and Paid Assess
. -.
j Columbia. June 12.?The time
for candidates to file their pledges,
expires one week from noon today.
Most of those expected to enter j
the campaign have filed their
pledges.. The campaign opens on
Tuesday of next week.
The following candidates have
filed their pledges:
For Governor: Thos. G. Mc
Leod. J. E. Swearingen. George K.
Laney. C. L. Blease and J. T.
For lieutenant governor: J. K.
Owens. Bennettsville.
For state treasurer: S. T. Car
For adjutant general: Robert
H. Craig and Thos. B. Marshall,
both of Columbia.
For attorney general: S. MV
For commissioner of agricul-j
lure: B. Harris.
For congress: F. H. Dominick.j
of Xewberry. and Sam H. Sherard.:
of Greenwood, in the ihird district: j
P. H. S;oil. of Kingstree; Jerome
F. Pate, of Darlington: W. R. Mar-;
ringer, of Florence, and A. H. j
Gasque. of Florence, in the sixth I
district: W. Turner Logan, in the j
first district: James F. Byrnes, of j
the second district: J. J. McSwain, ;
of the fourth district: W. F. Stev-!
enson, of the fifth district: and 11. j
P. Fiilmer, of Orangeburg, and A. I
J. Bethea, of Columbia, in the sev
enth district.
Three solicitors' offices are va-J
e.ated this year, and all three en- !
en inherits have offered for re-eler?!
tion. Tin y are: Frank A. Me-1
Leod, of Sumter; A. F. Spigener, of:
Columbia: and L. M. Gasfrue, of !
F??r state superintendent of edu- j
cation, o. D. Seay. of Columbia: ;'
Faul II. Moore, of Columbia, and J. j
II. Hope, of Fnion. have filed i
pledges. An interesitng race for!
thi.-. office is expected.
Harding's Sun
day Guests
Washington. June IL'?President j
Harding returned to Washington!
today aft^r tin over Sunday cruise
in the Mayflower with Attorney
General Daugherty. Secretary Mel
lon and Senator and Mrs. Newberry
as his guests.
it be thy Country's, Thy God's and
lay, June 14, 1922
>vers Health
panese poodle at Atlantic City. She
?&?and she 'denies she's engaged to
President Harding
Makes Patriotic Ad-|
dress at Unveiling
of Battle Monument
Princeton. June 0.?The bril
liancy of Washington's genius in
action and devotion to his followers
under .v great deprivation was ex
tolled by President Harding today
in an address at the dedication of
the battle monument at Princeton.
The.memorial was fitting to heroes
and heroism of that day, he declar
ed, adding, "we bring and lay at
its foot the laurel wreaths which
gratitude and patriotic sentiment
will always dedicate to those
who've borne heart, under the bur
! den of conflict."
Death List Placed at Fifty
and Many Others Injured
New .York. June 11.?A violent
storm accompanied by shifting
winds that reached a velocity of
88 miles an hour took the lives of
more than &0 persons injured more
than a hundred and caused enor
mous property damage in the
metropolitan section late today.
Forty persons were reported to
have lost their lives while boating,
in Long Island sound, and many
persons were killed by falling
trees, lightning and accidents caus
ed by the wind. Ten bodies of the
drowned have been recovered and
the waters about New York are be
ing searched tonight for 30 miss
The storm came at the close of
one of the most torrid days of the
season. The wind, coming gently
from the south and southwest,
shifted suddenly into the northwest
and increased in velocity to 88
.miles, and sweeping through Xew
Jersey. Westchester county, across
tho city island, the Bronx and
Manhattan left death and destruc
tion in its wake.
Torrential rains, -then lightning,
followed the wind.
i kindreds of thousands of Xew
Yorkers were on the beach and at
various outlying resorts seeking re
lief from the heat when the storm
broke and it was from these that
the storm took its death toll.
Xew York. June 12.?Daybreak
this morning found hundreds of
parents, children and relatives still
standing vigil at the docks await
ing the arrival of police boats
which, during the early hours had
searched the waters of Long Is
land sound for additional victims of
yesu-rday's storm. More than fifty
persons are thought to have lost
their lives and upwards of a hun
dred injured in tempest, which
roared cut of the hills of Xew
Jersey; beat the Hudson into foam,j
and white capped breakers, and
swept across Xew York city. The
property damage is estimated to
be from one million to three times j
that much.
Member of Famous ''Wallace
House" Which Regained
White Supremacy
Laurens, Jan.- 11. ?Capt. Joseph
0. Humbert, widely known as a
leading citizen of the state, suc
cessful farmer and prominent lay
man in the Methodist church, died
at his home near Princeton. Lau
rens county, this morning at r.
o'clock. The funeral will be held
at Mount Bethel church at 11
o'clock tomorrow.
! Serious Outbreak of
Lawlessness is Re
ported in Louisa
Richmond, June 12?Herbert
Buckley, a lumber worker, has
been placed in jail and warrants
sworn out for a number of others
as the result of what authorities de
scribe as a serious feud near Pen
dleton, Louisa county, Virginia, in
which Buckley was tarred and
feathered by a band of masked men
Thursday night and the subsequent
shooting up of the home of a
preacher named Glehn, said by au
thorities to represent the faction
opposing Buckley and his friends.
Liquor Smuggled
On Naval Vessel
One Thousand Quarts Seized
at Norfolk When Vessel
Docked From Trip to West
Norfolk. Va.. June 10.?Approxi
mately 1,000 quarts of liquor val
ued at $10,000 were seized by ma
rine guards of the navy yard today
in a raid on the naval transport
Sirius, under orders of Rear Ad
miral Philip Andrews, comman
dant of the Norfolk navy yard.
Officers and men of the ship are
confined to their ship under guard.
The Sirius is commanded by
Comndr. W. J. Kelton. U. S. N. R.
F., and Ensign Harry C. Mech
told, paymaster in"charge of cargo
aboard the Sirius. Both Comman
der Kelton and Ensign Mechtold
were among those confined to the
ship at the time of the raid, but
Admiral Andrews announced to
night that they, with some other
officers and men. had been permit
ted to leave the vessel.
Both Admiral Andrews and Ad
miral Rodman, commandant of the
Fifth navakdistrict: announced that
a searching investigation would be
made under the direction of 'Ad
miral Andrews.
Information came to Admiral
Andrews that , a strong smell rof
whiskey was evident in cargo being
unloaded from the Sirius on to
barges alongside for shipment to
the naval supply station at the na
val base. Waiting until the barges
had been loaded, Admiral Andrews
ordered a search of the contents of
the shipment and jhen had the
ship thoroughly searched by the
marine guard.
Guards were placed on board the
transport and alongside the vessel.
The Sirius reiurned to Hampton
Roads about a week ago from the
West Indies and has been at the
navy yard since." The whiskey, ac
cording to information received
from Admrial Andrews, was put
aboard the vessel as cargo at one
of the West Indian ports.
The commading officer of the
Sirius, according to Admiral An
drews, was detached from the ves
sel today and ordered to the re
ceiving barracks at the naval base.
A board of investigation has been
Airplane Falls at Camp Han
Augusta. Ga., June 11.?Maj. E.
C. Brainard. United States marine
corps, and Lieut. R. T. Alldworth.
United States air service, both of
Ellington Field. Texas, were injur
ed here this afternoon when the
airplane in which they were travel
ing crashed to the ground at the
landing field at the Camp Hancock
site. Lieutenant Alldworth is the
more seriously injured. The ex
tent of his injuries have not been
determined, although physicians
fear that his skull is fractured. He
was badly lacerated about the
head and body. Major Brainard
sustained a broken left arm and
cuts and bruises about the face. j
The two officers, flying from
Washington to San Antonio, land
ed here Friday to replenish their
oil supply: In attempting a land- I
ing the machine crashed into a;
ditch near the landing field ?nd!
was damaged,. ; Neither of the avi
tators was hurt. A machine with
parts for the wrecked ship arrived
here from Montgomery Saturday;
and the broken parts were put in'
this morning.
The officers resumed their flight
to San Antonio this afternoon at 4 [
o'clock but after attaining a height I
of about 100 feet, the engine went
dead. Lieutenant Alldworth. the
pilot, tried to glide the plane to
earth but the altitude was not suf-j
ficient to effect such a landing and
the ship crashed to the ground
with terrific force, pinning both
men beneath the wreckage.
The wrecked machine is a De
Haviland pursuit model with a!
powerful motor, built for speed, j
Lieut. Alldworth lived in Augusta
prior t?> entering the air service be
fore the world war.
Mr. Rcardon Seeks Information.
All parties in Sumter county, who j
have first class calcium arsenate;
they are using for poisoning boll i
weevil, please notify E. I. Rear
don, secretary chamber of com
?. -'
I _
jLondon Newspaper
Announces T h a t
Satisfactory Agree
ment Has Been
Reached -
I London. June 12?The articles
j of the new Irish constitution have
' been revised so satisfactorily, the
j Evening: Star asserts today that
I Arthur Griffith will return to Dub
; lin with them tonight. The whole
I six points raised by the British sig
natories to the Anglo-Irish treaty
I have been adjusted, the newspaper
i says.
, London, June 12?Colonial sec
! retary Churehhill announced in the
? House of Commons this afternoon
j that it would be more convenient
j and in the general public interest
i if he deferred the statement on
| Ireland, expected today, until Tuea
| day or possibly Thursday,
i ? ? ?
j Wage Reductions
Expected Soon
[Estimated to Cut $40,000*000
From Rail WTorkers?
j Clerks To Be Affected
Chicago. June 11.?Wage reduc
tions estimated at not exceeding
$40,000,000 for 350.000 additional
railway employes whose wages the
I carriers seek to lower through the
railroad labor board, are expected
to issue from the board within a
few days,' to be effective July 1.
The new decision will make a to
tal of approximately $150,000,000
to be cut from the annual pay
rolls cf the roads.
I The bulk of those the new cut
! will hit are railway clerks who
[number approximately 200,000.
j Their pay, it was said today, would
j not be cut more than five cents,
? however, and certain chief clerks
and other supervisory clerical
forces may not feel the order at
all. About 5,000 train dispatchers,
generally considered as subordinate
officials; while coming under the
pending decision will not suffer any
reduction, according to authorita
j five information. Supervisory of
; ficials in tie shop crafts whose
i pay was recently slashed $60,000,
? 000 likewise received no cuts.
j Coal passers, oilers and water
j tenders, included in the general
; classification of stationary engi
j neer and firemen, and freight hand
I lers and other common labor in
j eluded in the" station employes*
group, are expected to receive a
reduction of approximately five
cents an fiour, the same cut ap
plied to common labor in the
maintenance, of way department.
There are about 125,000 unskilled
laborers in these two classes.
Signal men and marine "*m
j ployes numbering 15,000 and 800,
J respectively, are expected to come
i under the reduction but no figures
j were available to indicate the
! amount of their cut.
j Anticipating a reduction, how
! ever, D. W; Helt, president of the
! signal men, declared- the board
I would "probably hamstring us"
j and added that he expected his men
! to vote to strike as soon as the
j decision was issued. E. H. Fitz
I gerald, president of the clerks, like
| wise declared a further cut was tin
; reasonable and that his organiza-'
j tion would begin a strike vote im
i mediately when the decision is an
i nounced.
Bonus Measure
is Held Up
No Action in Sight For the
Next Ten Days
Washington, June 9?Efforts to
obtain Senate consideration of the
sildier's bonus bill will be de
ferred for at least ten days, it was
stated today authoritatively.
Whether it will be taken up by
agreement among Republican lead
ers or without the consent of some
remains to be determined.
Chairman McCumher of the fi
nance committee, who will pilot the
legislation on the floor, has in
formed senators that in fixing a
time to call the bill up ?ie will
try to suit the convenience of most
of them. He said he realized that
there were those on each side who
had to be absent from time to
time, because of primary campaigns
in their states and who desired to
be present when the bonus is con
Ask That Jesse Gappjns' Sent
ence Be Communted to life
Columbia, June 12.?A petition
signed by twenty-seven people,
eleven of them jurors who sat on
the case, was filed with Governor
Harvey this afternoon, asking that
he commute to life imprisonment
the sentence of death imposed on
Jesse Gappins, one of the trio sen
tenced to die next Friday for the
murder of William Brazell. The
governor indicated that he would
not consider the petition.
THRON, Established June 1,
Corporation Wants
an Investigation-by
Department of Jus
tice Pushed
"Washington, June S.?Denying
that the merger of the Bethlehem
Steer* Corporation and the Lacka
wanna Steel Company will operate'
to restrain trade, the two compa
nies asked the Federal Trade Com
mission today to dismiss the com-'
plaint issued against the consoli-^
dation by the\ commission on June"
Coincident with the filing of an
swers to the complaints by* the
two corporations, C. T>. DeGesadof,
their counsel, called at the depart-,
ment of justice and assured At
torney General Daugherry the
companies were anxious to..place
immediately at his disposal all facts
regarding the proposed merger. De
lay would seriously handicap the
companies he asserted, asking that
the investigation be pushed for-,
ward as speedily as possible.
Mr. Daugherty was understood
to have informed Mr. De Ges?dorf
that the department's investigalfbh
would be expedited.
Each company filed separate an
swers to the commission's .com
plaint, denying the authority or
jurisdiction of the commission
"over the transactions- alleged in
the complaint,""
In the Bethlehem reply signed -
by E. E. McMath; secretary offthe
corporation, it was asserted that
neither the Lackawanna Steel
Company nor any of its subsi
diaries was now engaged in com
petition with the;Bethlehem Coin
pnay nor any of its subsidiaries. It
was also asserted that the carrying
out of the attempt of M3y 1%.
1922. and the operation by thevre
spondent (Bethlehem>, directly or
through its subsidiaries of the prop
erties of the Lacakawanna Steel
Company will not violate , the pi*o
visions of? "any law of the ?nited
The Bethlehem - reply admitted
some of the points set forth, in the
commission's complaint but toolc
issue with the commission's figures
concerning production of certain
raHroad-acceSsories by the Lacka
wanna company.
Both companies, in their'an
swers, took up the commission's
complaint, in detail and answered
each allegation, admitting^ some
charges and denying others, but
reaching the conclusion rb.it th?
merger woiild not in any manner
run counter to existing statutes^.
The department of justice made
a statement with reference to to
day's conference, which said " in
?The investigation on the part
of representatives of the depart
ment of justice in New York, and
Buffalo will continue and a s scon
as possible after the necessaxyladr
ditional information has been-far*
nished a final .hearing will be held
if necessary, and a report made to
the senate in response to the res-,
olntion." .
Drunken Negro Stabbed Him
To Death
Richmond,. Va., June Tli?H. L.
Burleson, 23 years old and tmmar
ried. of Wflliambsurg, Va., a con
ductor in the employ of the Virgin
ia Railway & Power company, was
fatally stabbed by a crowd of ne
groes in South Richmond late this
afternoon, bleeding to death on the
running board of an-automobile in
which he sought safety.
Burleson's slayers -made good
their escape before the arrival of
police and as far as the authorities
know still are at large, although
four negro suspects had beeen ar
rested up to a late. hour, tonight
and are being detained in Thtrri
police station. They were subject
ed to a gruelling examination and
are believed by police to be impli
cated in the killing, if one or more
are not Burleson's actual slayers.
The trouble arose over a drunk
en and obstreperous negro pas
senger, who upon being approach
ed by the conductor and ordered
to desist, became abusive and curs
ed the street car man. The latter
sought to eject the unruly black
when other blacks rallied to his
aid. Their actions became so men
acing the conductor jumped from
his car and sought escape in an au
tomobile which was proceeding
alongside the trolley and whose
driver, sensing the danger to the
street car man, signalled him to
leap aboard.
The blacks followed and, drag
ging Burleson from the automo
bile, inflicted wounds with knives
that shortly afterward resulted in
the death on the running board.
When an ambulance arrived in re
sponse to an emergency call Bur
leson was dead.
The murder took place in what
is known as the black belt'in South
Richmond. The crime has caused
much excitement and a consider
able crowd of blacks assembled and
temporarily at least frustrated ef
forts to apprehend the slayers of
The demand for Will Hays in the
movies exceeds the supply. ' '
We are shipping Swiss cheese *x>
Switzerland and may start sending
Eskimo pie to the Eskimos.

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