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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, June 28, 1922, Image 1

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Fatalities of Last
v Night's Fighting
May Run Over For
ty.: Miner. T el 1 s
Graphic Story o f
B Battle
Herrin, 111., June 22 <By the As- !
^ soctated Press).?The death toll in
the disaster last night and today
when 5.000 striking union miners
attacked the Lester !^strip mine
being operated under guard of im
ported workers, may run past .the
40 mark, it was said tonight by
, those in touch with the situation.
^ although thus far only 27 positive
ly are known to be dead.
In the Herrin hospital are eight
> wounded men. only one a miner,
j and rix of them are believed to be j
. latally injured. There were nine,
but one died.
A miner told the Associated
Press correspondent that he had
seen 15 bodies throw*, info a pond
with rocks around their necks to
* day.
About 20 imported workers are
Checking the death list has
proved almost impossible. The vic
tims, all but three of them import
ed workers, so far as known, were
found scattered over an area within
several miles of the mine. Some
were lynched, some were burned
when the mine was fired, others
were beaten to death and the ma
jority fell before the scores.of bul
* lets poured into them.
"Bloody Williamson" county, so
called because of several riots, to
i night was outwardly calm, but
* there was a noticeable undercur
rent which kept everybody on edge
and wondering if further trouble
might be expected.*
The correspondent talked with
score of miners today and about
half of them were certain that
there would be no further disorder
if there was no attempt to reopen
the mines., while the other half
said they were afraid some of the
men might not Jfe& held haaek^- Offi
cially, the situation was reported
'I tonight by county officials to be
? quiet.
The scenes of death today were
very gruesome, as in a real war.
Bodies, many with limbs shot away
lay along the roadside or were
strung from trees, mexi wounded
and dying were stretched out on
roads and in fields with none of
the hundreds of passersby able to
lend a helping hand. Attempts
to assist the wounded in the early
part of the day brought rebuffs
from the spectators, backed in
cases by drawn guns.
Later the feeling quieted down
and some of the wounded were
taken to hospitals.
It is understood that there will
be no attempt to reopen any of the
mines until the strike is settled. -
- When the strikers went over the
top into the besieged mine this
morning there were some 50 or 60
workers and guards there. What
has become of those not in the
known dead and wounded list can
not be said. Some of them were
seen today in Heids running with
miner sympathizers pursuing them
with guns. How many : escaped
could .not be told. C, K. McDowell,
superintendent of the. imported
workers at the mine, was among
the dead. It was said, that he was
the first selected to 6e shot after
the mine was captured and that he
vt-as given no opportunity to escape.
Hundreds of men, women and little
children. vsome as young as four
years surged through the morgue
today to view the bodies, which lay
side by side on the floor with no
attempt to straighten them out.
Most of them bore no identifica
tion marks. All were mangled.
Officials' of Williamson county to
day expressed deep regret over the
affair as did many miners, but sev
eral, of the latter fold the writer
that while it was rcgretable, "no
other course could have been
Man Under Life Sentence Will
Appeal to Georgia Supreme
Columbus. Ga.. June 23.?Maj.
I^ee K. Coart. under life sentence
on conviction of> having slain A. B.
McNiece. was refused a new trial
here tonight by udge George P.
Munro at the end of a hearing in
superior court. Counsel for the de
fense announced an appeal would
be taken to the state supreme
The hearing was marked by j
sharp tilts, one a colloquy between
counsel two days ago that he was
"going to rule against us" and b>
a clash between Solicitor General
McLaughlin and Mr. Palmar. Both
attorneys apologized after Palmer j
had branded as 'untrue'* charges!
that the defense was filibustering, j
Cincinnati. June 24.?For the
third successive year the American
Federaiton of Labor went on rec
t#rd ;js against the recognition of
the soviet Russian sovwament,
illsbed April, 1850.
Crowds ?Gaze on Vic-j
tims at Herrin With!
Marked Curiosity, j
But Words of Pity
Are Not Spoken
Herrin, TIL, June 23 (By the As
sociated Press).?Herrin's unhon
ored dead are piled cold and stark
in the- vacant store building that
has been pressed into service as a
morgue since yesterday's mine bat
tle. Past them filed an unending
line of men and women, young and
old, barefooted boys and little
girls, bright in their summer j
They lifted muslin cloths and I
peered at the pale faces and at the j
wounds -left by pistol bullets, rifle \
balls and buekshot.
They lingered, then reluctantly j
pressed on to some adjoining hor- j
ror, eager to miss nothing. Never j
a word- of pity from the crowd!
These we*=e the enemy slain in a
labor war. . These < were the men
who came to take away their jobs.
Outsiders, enemies. "Well, it
served them right." That was i
the attitude of-the town as ex-!
pressed by its men and women and
its children. Tears, none. Sym
pathy,, not much. These were the
The dead of a half dozen nation
alities, with sloping foreheads of
the Slav, high profiles of the na
tive born, the long moustaches of
eastern Europe, lay at peace for all
the crowds, the laughter and the
sullen looks. Bricks beneath their
heads for pillows, pick boxes for
their beds, they lay waiting the
call of friends and relatives who
loved them once and have lost
touch with them in the viscissi- j
tades of transient labor. Most of
them, it is safe to say. will be
forgotten in the potters' fields, their
meagre courses run, their stories
finished. They came here because
they,wanted a.living and because
other, men wanted* to make mon
ey.,- ; ? - & ; . ??
They, died, hunted across the!
fields, stoned, .shot, at* .tied and|
dragged down dusty country roads,
b?ecaus3ie- other thousands feared
these men would take away their
living. "
The trees are green in Herrin i
and the birds are singing and the
crops ripening in the summer sun. I
Prom the morgue the crowds drift,
to the billboards in front of the ]
picture show, to see what the pos-!
ters. promise; to the drug store for'
soft drinks, then home for supper. }
Only the outsiders show surprise j
and horror. People here say: j
"This is our business. Sorry, but ?
it** done. Let us alone. -We will i
handle this all right. We're good j
people to get along with?good as:
anybody if you mind your ow n bus
iness. We'll attend to ours."
Investigations were conducted
today by several slate representa
tives from Springfield and the cor
oner started his inquest by swear
ing in the jury. It then adjourned
until Sunday. State's Attorney
Dury said he probably would rec
ommend . a grand jury investiga
tion but that this would depend
primarily on what the inquest un
covered. - AH officials were of the
opinion that ho evidence would be
obtainable. The casualty list was
still indefinite tonight.
Twenty-two bodies were in
morgues. Several others were re
ported still in the woods or ponds.
Estimates-ran as high as 40 but had
no confirmation. Nineteen were
kncwn to be wounded.
Attempts to sift through the
maze of rumors, reports, contra
dictions and facts of the mine war
to obtain an uncoloreTd account of
the events leading up to it tonight,
after everything was quiet, brought
two authentic reviews of the af
fair, one from a union official and
another from a state military of
Hugh Willis, district board mem
ber of the miners' union, in the
first statement from union officials
concerning the massacre, told news
paper reporters the blame lay
squawly on the coal operators who
imported strike breakers.
He declared the first shots were i
fired by the strike breakers und j
that these shots were without prov
ocation and that one of the chief!
causes of the disaster was the high j
handed manner in which the im
ported workers "hHd up private j
citizens and refused to let them
traverse the public highway by the
mine." Hf made no attempt to
deny that the affair really was a
massacre, but insisted it was not
started by miners.
Cob Samuel iTurner of the state
adjutant, general's office, reviewed
his official investigation of the dis
aster, the following being the sa- i
lient points of his report:
That Colonel Hunter on half a
dozen occasions asked the sheriff j
and other local county officials if j
they wanted troops sent her" but
was told each time?even after the
fightin:: started?that the local au
thorities could handle the matter.!
That he urged the mine officials
to close it down ??? avert a disaster)
but the request was refused.
That an indignation meeting of i
?;uo miners was held just outside of
Herrin the day before the fighting j
That he persuaded the besieged I
workers to run up ;> white ting and
obtain consent t'?>r a truce from a
miner official but that this was
"Be Just and Fear I
Will Be First Test
Case Under Recent
Coronado Decisions
by Supreme Court? j
Mob is Chargedi
With Killings
Chicago, June 23.?'Legal action
for the recovery of damages sus
tained by the Southern Illinois
Coal company as-the result of the]
mine riots at Herrin and the de
struotion of the company's strip i
mine there will be started imme- j
diately against the United Mine j
Workers of America and the Coun- i
ty of Williamson in behalf of the j
company and the families of itsj
dead employes, Follett W. Bull, at- j
torney for the company, an- j
nounced tonight.
The suit against the United Mine
Workers, the attorney pointed out,
will be the first test suit under the
recent Coronado decision by the
supreme court holding labor or- j
ganizations liable for damages. The i
suit against the United. Mine!
Workers will probably be filed -in |
the federal court at Indianapolis
Mid that against Williamson coun-;
ty at Marion, 111., the county seat.-. |
To' "Show Them Off." I
Herrin, 111., June 23 (By the;
Associated Press).?The massacre;
of non-union miners in the woods ,
near the strip mine of the South- j
era Illinois Coal Company, where i
they were employed, was the act j
of a mob which got beyond the
control of the cooler element.;
which wa's attempting to escort the!
captives; to Herrin, to "show them'
off to the boys," according to in
formation gleaned today.
The leaders, it was said, finally
were compelled to yield to the
Clamors of the mob that the pris- ;
oners "beat it." The fleeing men;
thereupon were shot down, beaten \
to deaTh, and one was known to j
have been hanged:
Although a number of the miners j
shudder at the slaughter, a*II say !
they got "ju'st what they deserved." j
As soon as the forty-four strip j
employes surrendered yesterday j
morning a cry went up for the j
lives of the captives, persons who \
were witnesses say. The cooler i
element marched jU3t behind the j
prisoners, who were at the head of :
the procession, and! the disorderly'
element flocked behind and beside'
? ?*>??
North Carolina Judge Rules
With Railways
Greensboro. N. C. June 23.?,i
Judge James E. Boyd in United J
States district courtk here late to- -
day announced his decision, con- j
curring with Judge Edmund Wad- j
dill. Jr.. of Richmond. Va., in |
granting a stay against the collec- j
tion of the North Carolina fran
chise tax for the Southern Railway j
company, the Seaboard Air Line,
Atlantic Coast Line. Norfolk
Southern and Atlantic and Yad
kin railroad, pending, the appeal
of these railroads operating in
North Carolina to the supreme |
court of the United States on their
ad valorem, franchise and income
taxes in North Carolina.
The effect of the decision is that j
North Carolina can not collect;
franchise taxes amounting to ap-j
proximately $210.000 for the year:
1921. from the five railroads until!
their appeal for an interlocutory j
injunction against the collection of
the ad valorem franchise and in- j
come taxes has been heard by the
United States supreme court. Judge
H. G. Connor of the Eastern dis
trict of North Carolina and Judge
Waddill of Virginia had previous
ly agreed that a stay should be
granted against the collection of
the ad valorem tax. which goes to
the counties and cities. They had
disagreed however on the franchise
tax. Judge Waddill holding that
the stay should be granted on this
tax but Judge Connor holding that
it should not be. 'The matter was
thereupon referred to Judge Boyd
and his decision today makes (he
stay effective until the whole mat
ter of the taxes sought to be col
lected by the "state of North Caro
lina from the five railroads operat
ing in t lie state is. heard by the
United States supreme court.
broken, by whom he did not
Doth reports termed the armed
jruarUs at th? mine ??gunmen."
Chicago. June 24?Counsel for
the Southern Illinois <"oal Com
pany whose mine was burned on
Thursday and hoh union miners
slain at Herrin, today sent a tele
gram to Adjutant General Black
requesting troops be sent to Wil
liamson county. Attorneys charged
that the sheriff i* still refusing to
do his duty.
Carbondale. June 24?Mor? than
,i hundred and fifty miners from
the Herrin district passed through
hep- early today; Ooing out of
coal fields. They are believed to
be union men. Those that could be
approached would give no reason
for their exodus and the names of
the men were likewise not avail
S'ot?Let all the ends Thon Ainis't a
Sumter, S. C, Wedn
Rev. J. E. Wilbum
Convicted of Mur
der in Second De
gree at Charles
town, W. Va.
Charlestown. ? W. Va.. June 2S j
(By the Associated Press).?The!
Rev. .1. E. Wilbum, charged with |
fatally shooting a Logan county!
deputy sheriff in the miners* ]
march of last August during labor i
disturbances in the southern coal |
fields, tonight was found guilty of
murder in the second degree by a!
jury in the Jefferson county cir-j
cuit court. The jury wa3 out for!
one hour and 35 minutes. The de- '
fendant received the verdict in the j
same calm manner that has mark- \
ed his bearing during the past two!
Dr. Walter Rathen^ j
Shot While Leaviiig
His Home in Berlin.
Murderer Escapes
in Automobile ?
Berlin. June 24. ? Dr. WaJLter
Rathenau. German minister' of j
foreign affairs, was assassinated to- j
day. He was'shot and instantly j
killed as he was leaving his resi
dence in Grunewald, a suburb; "fbr!
the foreign office, in an automobile i
His assassin escaped. Official An- j
nouncement of his deaht was made
in The Reichstag. The murderer, j
who was driving in a motor car,:
slowed up as he was nearing Dr. ]
R?thenau and. shot twice, then put- i
ting on high speed", the assassin j
escaped. Rathenau was a guest at j
dinner last night of American'
Ambassador Houghton and this:
morning the American embassy j
promptly hoisted the flag to half;
mast on account of the assassi- j
nation. **
News of the assassination caused
pandemonium to break out among'
various party groups at the Reich- :
stag. In the commission on taxa- '
tion which had just convened, two;
socialists jumped up shouting to Dr. j
Karl Helferrich. "You are the as-;
sassin." Helferrich hastily left j
the committee room.
The fatal shot struck Rathenau j
[ in the chin, and a half dozen oth
j er bullets perforated his back j
; His assailants also threw hand '<
I grenades injuring his body. Follow
! ing the assassination it was an-1
j nounced this afternoon that the
j government immediately issued a!
I decree establishing extra-ordinaryJ
j courts for the trial of the national i
: plotters. t? j
Thomas Roach Drowns Near;
Williamston?No Marks of
Violence Discovered
Anderson, June 23.?Thomas!
Roach, a young boy about 12 years.j
of age. was drowned Thursday, the;
body being found in the bottom of
a pond near Williamston.
A young playmate saw the
clothes of the boy on the side and, j
j upon trying to find the owner, j
I could not and gave the alarm. It
Iis supposed that the boy went in
j swimming and had cramp, but. as
j no one was with him. it will never
be known just how he was drown
ed. When the body was found he
had been dead for more than an
hour. A physician examined him
j and stated that he had no marks
i of violence on him and was evi
dently drowned, so no coroner's in
I quest was ordered.
'Two Bodies Taken From
Georgia Graves
! Atlanta, June 23.?Vital organ?
of the late Charles W. Wilbanks,
j first hi':-b;ind of 1 lie present wife e-C
; Dr. J. O. Saggus, who being
held in the Washington. Ga.. jail
[ in connection with the deaths ol
| Wilbanks and the physician's first
j wife were borught to Atlanta late
today for chemical analysis. 'Wfl
I banks' body was exhumed near
Commerce, Ga.. earlier in the day.
The body of the first Mrs. Saggus
I was exhumed Tuesday in Talliafer
ro county and the viscera is now
being analyzed by the state chem
ist to determine if there are any
traces of poison. It has been charg
ed that l>r. Saggus administered
poison to Wilbanks in order to pro
duce death so that the doctor could
marry Mrs. Wilbanks.
Tokio, June 23. ? Japun
evacuate Siberia by October
next, it was learned today.
t be thy Country's, Thy God's and 1
esday, June 28, 1922
E. K. McQuatters
Shoots Himself
Through the Head
at His Home Early
This Morning
Columbia, June 24?E. K. Mc
Quatters, a well known Columbian,
committed suicide this morning by
shooting homself through the htad
with a pistol. He went to the back
porch at G o'clock and when his
wife heard a shot she ran to him
to find the body lying on the porch
with the pistol in his hand.
Mr. McQuatters is survived by his I
widow and 'several grown children
including Mrs. H. W. Carney, Mrs.
Arthur Reams and Mrs. S. J. Strick
land . of; Bishopville.
Brother of John D.
Succumbs to Pneu
monia at His Home
Early This Morning
?Ill Since Sunday
Tarrytown. X. Y.. June 24.??
William Rockefeller, oil magnate
and brother of John D. Rockefeller,
died here shortly before 7 o'clock
from pneumonia. He had been ill
since Sunday, but word of his con
dition was not made public. Prac
tically the entire Rockefeller fam
ily were assembled at the bedside.
Scores of Persons Hurt in
Winnipeg. Man.. June 23.?Three
known deaths, scores of injured and
extensive property damage was the i
toll of a half hour electrical storm
of hurricane violence that passed
across Manitoba early today. The
province was recovering tonight
from the short but fierce blast
which swept down from eastern
Saskatchewan, striking Brandon.
Portage. La Prairie. Winnipeg and
Lydiatt, then passing over the On
tario boundary.
Brandon escaped without serious
damage -but Portage felt the * full
force of the blow. Public build
ings, churches, hotels and residences
suffered severely. Snapping of high !
tension wires started a fire that
destroyed three grain elevators of
the Metcalfe. Forsyth and Prem
ium companies. The Methodist.
.Anglican and Presbyterian
churches were unroofed and other
wise badly damaged.
An infant girl- was crushed to
death in the collapse of a house
in Portage.
Accompanied by a rainfall of
tropical violence, the wind struck
Winnipeg at 84 miles an hour with
terrifying electrical disturbance.
Terrific gusts of wind shook the
ciiy to its foundations. Roofs
were carried"" away from many
structures. An ice warehouse top
pled in a heap, hundreds of trees
were uprooted or stripped of
branches, windows were driven in
like paper, telegraph and tele
phone wires were broken down,
adding an element of danger which
later in the morning cost the life
of Gar field Price. S. who grabbed
a live wire and was instantly kill
ed. In a half hour the storm
passed on.
,\t Lydiatt, where the home of
Mrs. Pauline Kormire was dismantl- J
ed. her nine mnoths' old baby was |
killed and Mrs.- Kormrie and an
older child were brought to Win
nipeg seriously injured. The Ca
nadian Pacific railway station was
shifted from its foundation, a rali
way sleeping car was overturned
and several employees injured.
Farm buildings and crops also suf
The rain was accompanied by
hail in some areas, causing heavy
damage to crops.
The damage in Portage will
reach the $1.000.000 mark, accord
ing to a report received here to
night. No estimate of the dam
agf in the outlying areas is avail- !
_ I
Four Killed and Several Are'
Wounded at County of An- j
Belfast. June 24?Four Irish re
publican army men were killed and
several wounded at Cushen Hail in
the county of Antrim, when they
were ambushed by a party of mili
tary and special Ulster constables.
The crown forces suffeerd no casu
Sixteen Labor War
Victims Buried at
Herrin in "Potter's
Herrin. 111.. June 25 (By the As
sociated* Press).?The unknown
dead of Herrih's labor war went
to their graves today. Sixteen of
them were buried in the "Potter's
field" while union men who had
dug the graves leaned on their
spades and held their shapeless
hats in work gnarled hands.
The summer sun beat down on
the long grass of the Herrin cem
etery, the daisies and red clover
and the', singing of meadow larks
mingled with the words of the four
pastors vgho conducted the brief
service. Perhaps 75 persons were
present, most of them miners who
had dug the 10' graves since dawn
today. ^
Senator William J. Sneed, in
khaki overall*;?he had been dig
ging, too?was there; the mayor of
Herrin. George Pace and Col.
Samuel Hunter of the adjutant
general's staff.
The caskets of the unknown
dead bore stamped plates of
aluminum, "At Rest." Xo more
is recorded on the marker of the
graves' head fchan that each died
June 22. 1922. *
The preachers spoke and pray
ed. The miners shifted sometimes,
for they were tired from digging
in the sun, but there were no signs
of disrespect. The 16 dead were
borne down the road to the ceme
tery jn ambulances and hearses.
This afternoon several thousand
turned out to honor a young union
man shot Wednesday near the ill
fated mine. His deaht was un
provoked, his friends declared.
Lewis in Washington on Un
announced Mission
Washington, June 25.?A con
ference with President Harding on
the national coal strike was under
stood to be the purpose of the
visit here today of John L. Lewis,
president of the United Mine
Workers of America. Mr. Lewis re
fused to discuss his trip to Wash
ington but tj^e impression was
gained that Ife had. come in re
sponse to a request, from Secretary
Davis of the labor department.
Neither President Harding nor
Secretary Davis were in town when
the miners' leader arrived and. so
far as could be learned, no ar
rangement was made today for
Mr. Lewis to go to the White
House. Mr. Harding was not to
return from his week-end visit to
the country home of Edward B.
McLean. Washington publisher, at
Leesburg. Ya.. until tomorrow.
AlthoYigh Mr. Lewis would not
discuss his expected meeting with
the president, in "circles generally
conversant with the. coal strike sit
uation it was believed that the con
ference might be the prelude to a
general meeting between the miner
leaders and the operators, under
White House auspices.
Some officials of the miners'
unions and some operators are un
derstood to believe the time is ripe
for some attempt at approach
ment. On the other hand the sen
timent in the operators' organiza
tion is said to be against any at
tempt at settlement except through
district and local agreement.
The miners, it was declared, to
day would welcome now?as they
assert they would have from the
first?a general conference with the
operators and would participate in
one if called by the president.
They have not receded, it was said,
from the program adopted at their
convention last February and arc
ready to present it at such a con
Washington, June 2 5.?Produc
tion of soft coal in the United
States took a sharp upward turn
during the 12th week of the strike,
which closed last Saturday, ac
cording to the. weekly bulletin just
issued by tne geollogical survey.
The rate of production for bitumin
ous coal for the first four days of
the week indicated, the bulletin
stated, that the total for the week
will be in excess of 5.000.000 torn?
and might reach 5^500.000 tons.
On the other hand, production of
anthracite during the week re
mained "at practically zero."
? ? ?
Place Blame
For Death of Sir
James Wilson
London. June 26?A verdict of
wilful murder against James Con
nelly and James O'Brien was re
turned this: afiernoon by a coro
ner's jury in an inquest into the
killing of Field Marshal Sir James
Wilson. The accused men didn't
attend the hearing on advice from
Chautauq.ua. X. Y.. June 26?
Conferences on public welfare, mu
sic and American citizenship occu
pied the attention of delegates to
the biennial federation of women's
clubs here today. Women's founda
tion for health was featured in
addresses on puttie welfare.
Glass and Heflin in
Sharp Clash. Wat
son of Georgia Pre
vails on Well Known
Southerners to Take
Washington, June 22.?During
the course of debate in the senate
today Senaotr Glass (Democrat) of
Virginia was called a "liar" by
Senator Heflin (Democrat) of
Alabama after the Virginian had
declared that a statement by Sena
tor Heflin was false. Senator
Watson (Democrat) of Georgia
called the two senators to order
and they took their seats.
Senator Heflin was seeking
unanimous .consent for immediate :
consideration lor a resolution i
which he had introduced which!
would direct federal reserve banks
to forward to the senate the names
of other banks to which they
had sent a speech delivered by
Senator Glass in the senate in de
fense of the reserve system some
months ago. Following the clash
between the two. Senator McLean
(Republican) of Connecticut enter
ed objection to immediate action
on the resolution and the Alabama
senator began an attack on
Senator McLean, whom he de
scribed as "the defender of bank
ing interests in the senate."
Senator Glass later addressed the
senate in an eftort, he said, tp set it
right as to some phases of the con
I troversy between himself and the
j Alabama senator. He told the scn
I ate he had "very carefully re
frained from participation in any
; of the discussion concerning the
j reserve system since his speech of
I last January, although the senator
j from Alabama has attempted tc
I reply to it for the 40th or 50 th
! time."
I The Virginia senator said he had
' no objetion to circulation of his
speech by the banks, but denied
that he had sponsored it. He said
he had sent some of them out
himself "in response to literally
thousands of requests."
I __
j Picnic Dinner \ is Served at
j Folly Beach by Local In
surance Companies
! Charleston, June 24.?Yesterday,
j the second and last day of ttte an
I nual convention of the South Caro
! lina Association of ' Insurance
j Agents, which held its executive
j sessions on Thursday "was devoted
' to pleasure' and recreation spend
i ing the day at Folly Beach. The
j party was carried over to the!
j beach in automohiles furnished by
j local insurance men. leaving the i
j Charleston Hotel, the convention j
j headquarter*, at 10 o'clock in thej
? morning and returning late in the j
j afternoon.
j It was very obvious that the \
j day was keenly enjoyed by the dele
j gates, especially those from' thej
I sand hills of the up-country. These
j up-countrymen entered enthusias-!
j tically into the usual beach sports,
] including a dip in the surf, and:
j when they boarded their trains for
? home last night they carried with
I them that souvenir which is be
l stowed upon almost all visitors to
J the seaside?a good coat of sun
j burn.
j The delegates were served with
j a picnuic dinner at noon by the
I Southern Home Insurance Company
j and the Equitable Fire Insurance
I Society.
I The matter of selecting a meet
j ing place for next year's conven
i tion. which, at the banquet on
! Thursday night, was turned over
! to the executive committee, had
! hot been decided last night. How
j ever, the general opinion of the
i delegates yesterday seemed to be
?that.the 1023 meeting will be held
j in Hendersonville. X. C.
j Mr. A. G. Furman. of Greenville,
speaking in behalf of the local in
; surance board of his city, has sug
; gested that the con-vention be held
? in the North Carolina resort next
t year. and. according to a member
I of the executive committee, it is
j very probable that Mr. Furman's
j suggestion will be accepted. ,
Mr. W. D. McLean; president of
. the association, expressed himself
i as being delighted with treatment
accorded the members in Charles
ton, especially praising the local
members of the association who
arranged for the entertainment of
the convention. Similar expres
sions from among the delegates
were to be heard on all sides.
Practically all delegates had
"checked out" at the hotels last
night and had departed for their
Fort Mill, June 23.?Definite ac
ceptance of the invitation extended
to W. Fl Stevenson, congressman
from the Fifth disti'ict. by Eli
Bailes post of the American Le
gion to attend the Fourth of July
celebration in Fort Mill and make
an address has been received by
the committee in charge. The at
tendance of Mr. Stevenson on this
occasion will doubtless bring many
people from points throughout the
rflRON, Established June 1, 11
VOL. LII. NO. 39
Advance of $30,000,
000 is Made
tion by Gov
Agency %
Raleigh, June 22.?App&
for a loan of thirty miDion
to the Tobacco Growers' Coc
tive Association was approve
terday by officials of the jkt?t
finance corporation in Washington. -
I D. C, at a meeting with a- comf
mittee of directors from, the iarg
| est co-operative marketing; asso
| ciarion in America, according ;to
announcement made today from''.
Raleigh headquarters of the ?i>
ganization which represents clos? ?
to 75,000 tobacco farmers of
ginla. North Carolina and South- "
'? Carolina. >
In addition to the loan of f30>
?000,000 which will enable the big *
j tobacco co-operative to pay Jifcs f.
j members cash advances^upon defiv
! ery of their tobacco, the war flnr
jance corporation further agre^'co,
j rediscount loans secured by gre^nf
! or soft order tobacco , for local -
banks . throughout the Virginia
Carolina tobacco belt. > . -x
The war finance corporation 1$ jl
to be secured by more than 359.
000,000 pounds of its members' to>
bacco now under five . years'; cos^**
[tract with the Tobacco Growers^
; Co-operatice Association which
resents a value of over $70,0?fr\?^)^ ;
in the first year of operation, "ac-*
cording to conservative estimates;
? Among the officials of the Tq??Tv
co Growers' Cd-operative Assoti?kV .
tion who met with Eugene -Mgy^erR,
Jr., director of the "War. Frnaace
Corporation were George A.;;2$0?
wood. president, banker and'p^an?
er of Goldsbovo, N. C, Oliver'J.^
{Sands, general manager of thle as
sociation and president of ''.-'"$j*e.
American National Bank of Rict^
mond. Va.; James H. C?-a3g. txea&7..
iurer of the association; Richard'El
Patterson, genera! manager of-'tbre
leaf department formerly manag
er of the leaf department of life
African Tobacco Company; C. ji
Cheatham and F.-G. Willi&ns^M *
the leaf department and M. O.
WelaOTT;'"se^etary^of the board ipf
the directors which consists of -22.
tobacco ?planters from VirgtoSav
North and South Carolina, and
three directors . named by 'tfiwg'
governor^ of those states*
? Following the example of. th?
Burley Tobacco Growers' Associa
tion of-Kentucky, which after se
curing a similar credit froinl ?fc
War Finance Corporation was \
abled. to gain all necessary fuihi^
from state and local banks, and
pay their 90. day .leins of $$.4tHMW?
000 within 40 days officials of toe
Virginia-.Carolina association ajps'
confident of. obtaining the strjiport
of state and. local beniici^fW
whom the offer of the War Fin-"*
ance Corporation opens a new
field of ?,.oiltable cooperation,
with tobacco farmers throughout
the belt. i->;v
For the organized tobacco growl
ers and the* thousands of farmers^
from .the three states who- .ajV'
joining the associatio r^very
month, the action of the War^Fin
ance Corporation assures the iafe
and orderly marketing of tollaoco
which resulted in largely incre?s4'
ed profits and new source of credit
for Kentucky farmers where~k "or
ganization has now sold 70,00o,0.<N*>'
pounds of tobacco for highly jsa?pV .
factory prices, during one month <
receiving an average of 29 cents
a pound for tobacco sold throufib .
the association, while that sold':*
outside. the association brought
less than 21 cents per pound <?pdh <
the auction warehouse floors.*
Close to ?8?F per cent of the i
I' bacco. farmer?, of Virginia \h^vO",:
joined the marketing associations-..
and North Carolina growers - are
j nearihg a 75 per cent sign-up foi-^
lowing the recent state-wide cam
paign for members. \ . c
A whirl-wihd campaign ^ among:
I tobacco farmers of South Carolina
I will begin next Monday, June. SSt^:
and will continue until every
I of the 33 co-operative mark^ti?g-^
1 points of the South Carolina
has been reached with a mass meet-'
ing. .
LeaderS-Qf the movemeitt frona
Kentucky. Virginia" and North Car
olina will join, this campaign
which will mark the last opportun
ity for South Carolina farmers to
market this year's cr^P with the
j giant co-operative. ' ,>
The Tob?cco Growers' Co-Oper*?-'.
I tive Association has now secur&V
1206 warehouses where it will re
ceive tobacco from its members, as
the markets open in three states^
Greenville Officers / Make
Large "Moonshine" Haul
Greenville, June 23.?Culminat
ing a series of raids in the count^*
by county officers. state prohibitiaa.
officers and federal officers, seven,
persons were last night lodged^ in,
the county , jail on liquor charges.
123 gallons of liquor were'destroy
ed, four distilling plants demoMpM
ed and over 3.000 gallons of%JbjgS#
and sweet mash poured out' and/
two Ford automobiles seized: .Up
to midnight last night there
still one rading party that had
been heard from.

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