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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, July 01, 1922, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1922-07-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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Fired On From Hills
While on Their Way
to Work. Removal
of Wounded Men
Presents a Problem
Bridgeport, Ohio, June 27?One
miner was killed and another
"wounded this ? mornings when they
were fired on from the hills while
on their way to work at the strip
mine of the Catherine Company at
Uniontown, according to informa
tion reaching here. The victims
were in an automobile when the
shooting began.
Herrin,. J1L, Jane 27.?The re
moval to safety from "bloody" Wil
liamson county of wounded non
union men now in the hospital
zone are problems following m the
wake of last Thursday's mine mas
sacre. Twelve wounded survivors
of the band of non-union workers
are still in danger, according to
information reaching the state and
federal investigators.
J. P. Pressly of Due West Res
cued From Greenwood Pond
Succumbs to Hemorrhage
Greenwood, June 26.?J. P.:
Pressly of Due West, member of
the Seaboard Air Line bridge con- :
struction force, died here last night j
after being almost' drowned in a;
bathing pond in four feet of water j
yesterday afternoon. After being \
under water seven minutes Mr: !
Pressly was brought to the surface
= and respiration restored. He was
taken to a hospital and treated
but died from hemorrhages just
before midnight.
With bathers all around him, in
only about four feet of water, Press
ly suddenly sank out of sight. Ef
forts of those* ^-ounrt :.h?m~to -bring
him to the surface pro^ef? fruitless
ttM fe WAS rescued when two men;
on the bank of the pond dived in
after him.
The dead man;-was 38 years of
age. He is survived by his wife,
one brother, R. C. Pressly, Due
-West; three sisters. Miss Matilda
Pressly, Due West;" Mrs. H. T.
Sharp, Due West, and Mrs. jT. B.
Woolrich. Americas. Qa. The fu
neral services were held from
Bethlehem church near Due Wesfc
this afternoon. %?\
Formally Requests Attorney
General to Pass on Liquor
Question and Ships
Washington, June 26.?Secretary
Mellon has formally requested At
torney General Daugherty for a
ruling as to the legality of the sale
of honor on shipping board vessels
outside the three mile limit,' it was
stated today at the treasury. It
has been officially held by counsel
for the prohibition ..enforcement
unit that the treasury regulations,
as^now drawn, do not prohibit sjich
rales, but the ruling when made
will definitely determine the ques
Request for the ruling, it was
sadi, was made at the urging of
Prohibition Commissioner Haynes
and an early reply from Mr. Daugh
erty was sought in order to settle
finally the controversy precipitated
by Adolphus Busch, 3rd, in con
nection with the shipping board's
practice of operating bars at sea.
Accompanying the request, high
officials said, was a brief prepared
by Solicitor Mapes of the internat
ional revenue department review
ing previous opinions of the depart
ment of justice which have held
that the prohibition laws follow the
flag aboard American vessels at sea
and also the recent shipping board
vessels along with foreign craft, so
tar as sea stores are concerned,
from the operation of the recent
supreme court decision banning in
transit liquor shipments.
Only a decision of a court could
overturn any position the attorney
general might take. >
Would-Be Burglars Fails in
Attempt to Secure Cash
Chester, June 26?The burglar n
burglars, who had evidently hid in
the department store of the S. M.
Jones company and was locked up
inside Saturday night, failed in the
elf ort to secure cash, as the drawer
that he went into- contained no
money. Whether he made way wirh
any goods has not been fully de
termined. The first intimation of
the burglary was the finding of a
rope dangling down from a back
window, by which the marauder
had let himself out, after failing
to get out at the door.
Sir Oliver Lodge is working on a
way to make it rain; but having
your suit pressed is as good as any.
ifclished April* 1850.
t -
Two House Members!
Debate Tragedy.j
Not in Agreement [
Washington, June 26.?Two si?es
to. the Herring III., mine killjjigs
were presented today in the house
during debate in which Representa
tive Goodykoontz of West Virginia
and Representative Denison of Il
linois, both Republicans, partici
Mr. Goodykoontz called upon of-,
ficers of the United Mine Work
ers of America to assist in prose
cution of those responsible for the
disorders even though found among
the union membership. Other
wise, he said, the United Mine
Workers* organization "will never i
be able to rise from the low level
to which its members have caused!
it to fall." He added that the j
people "are crying out against the
enormity of the crime and strong
men in the union should take note :
of the injury crime is doing their
Mr. Denison, in whose district
the disorders occurred, replying to
the West Virginia member, set
forth in detail the conditions which
led to the killings, declaring that
the ''most unfortunate affair" was
due to the employment of non
union men "armed with rifles and
machine guns" to mine coal in vio
lation of an agreement entered into
with the union miners.
The Illinois representative con
tended that newspaper reports of
the disorders in many cases were
"very inaccurate" and said that ac
cording to the local papers of Ma
rion, his home, "not one-fifth of
the press reports to -the metropoli- S
tan newspapers were true." He^
said he regretted the "repulsive
and horrifying details" contained
in some accounts and added:
/ "I know that many of the re
volting, gruesfl^ne details- are not
reliable and not true in many in
stances. If the people of the coun
try were better informed about the
circumstances which led up to the
tragedy' they would take a differ
ent view of it."
While, not excusing the resort to
force by the union miners Repre
sentative Denison said it was well
fen own that whene\'er non-union
miners were taken into southern
Illinois to mine coal there had
been a "tragedy.**
Representative Goodyknoontz as
serted that" the "coroner's" - jury
verdict- indicated that "the union
miners have even control of the
processes of the law there." He
recited- conditions in Logan county, j
West Virginia, and declared that j
property there would have been de
stroyed and the law ignored, as he
insisted it had been in Illinois had j
not thex authorities of the county
and state taken prompt action.
Dillon Lawyers Ask For Ses
sion of But One Day
Dillon, June 26.?The Dillon
County Bar Association held a
meeting here today and it was de
cided that it was unnecessary for
the regular summer term oPcourt
to be held in Dillon. A request
is being made by them to the gov
ernor that J. M. Johnson, of Ma
rion, be appointed a special judge
for one day only in order that
equity cases may be disposed of.
All jury cases will be postponed.
The following resolution was
unanimously adopted: "We, the
Dillon County Bar Association, ap
preciating the moral probity, and
acnowledging the legal qualifica
tions of our brother attorney, W.
H. M?ller, hereby unanimously en
dorse him for circuit judge for the
Fourth Judicial circuit to succeed
the late lamented Edward Mc
Business Organi
zations to Regu
late Coal Supply
? i
Washington, June 27.?Business
J organizations affiliated with the
j chamber of commerce of the United
I States were called upon today by
j Julius Barnes, president of the
! chamber to lend their cooperation
' in an effort to prevent a runaway
jcoal market by setting up machin
j ery for coordinating the distribu
tion among their local individual
customers. Each of fourteen hun
dred organizations affiliated were
urjijed to appoint a fuel committee
to make an immediate survey of
the local coai situation.
? ? ?
Compromise Plan
For Coal Miners
t -
Washinjrton, June 27.?Realizing;
a deadlock existing between mine !
i operators and union miners which j
wiH not voluntarily be abated by j
either party to the coal strike, ad
ministration was prepared today,
responsible officials intimated, to!
! offer a compromise plan for nego- j
;tiating of the differences wh!eh it (
j is believed eouldn"t be rejected by !
i either faction to the strike. The j
coal situation in all its ramifica
tions is understood to be ot?c of
the chief topics to be taken ap by
the president at a regular cabi
net meeting.
"Be Just and Fear I
No Word Comes From
Mexico as to What
May Have Happen
ed to Two Score
Employees of C?r
tez Oil Co.
Washington. June 28. ? What
may have happened to 40 Ameri
can employees of the Cortez Oil
Company, captured by rebels near
Tampico and held with the com
pany's property for ransom, re
mained a mystery tonight, although
rebel raid occurred last Sunday
morning. No further word has
come from Consul Shaw at Tam
pico or from any other official or j
unofficial source since the consular j
dispatch of Monday saying that;
lives of the 40 Americans and j
$250,000 in .destructible property
were held as security on 48 hours' !
notice for a payment of 15,000 pe
Department officials would not
admit in any formal way that they
felt any uneasiness because of the
lack of Information. It was indi
cated that delay in a complete
clearing up of the situation was not
regarded as unusual. There is
known to be considerable perplex
ity here, however, over the fact
that Consul Shaw has not inform
ed the state department as to steps
taken by the Mexican federal au- (
thorities to obtain release of the
. The period granted by Gorozave,
the rebel chief, for payment of the
ransom had elapsed even before the
department's advices were made
known here. Directions to the em
bassy in Mexico City and to the
consul to insist on adequate protec
tion for all - American rights and
interests and upon punishment of
the raiders went forward at once.
So far as was known late today no
further word had come from any
quarter to disclose what developed
Tuesday morning when the time!
limit expired.
The Washington government to- ]
day still withheld any step that;
might pave 'the '^ayrfowar<r more'
emphatic demands that the Mexi
can government accord the Ameri
cans in jeopardy full protection.
The attitude taken at the state
department was that the meager
reports now available, serious as
the situation appeared to be. did
hot justify as yet dispatch of war
ships to Mexican waters or any
similar step/ Nothing has yet come
to hand indicating that the Obre
gon government is not, as it is ex
pected to do in the circumstances,
dealing with the Gorozave coup in
a way to safeguard American lives
and property.
Until recently there were ap
proximately 15,000 Mexican feder
als in the Tampico district. The
troop concentration there was one
of the largest in the Mexican army
indicating the importance attach
ed to maintaining firm hold of the
oil regions by the Mexico City au
thorities and also, presumably, the
condition, of unrest prevailing in
that region. Labor and other dis
turbances to the south of Tampico
a,short time ago resulted in the
movement of considerable troops
to other points. The result was a
heavy reduction of the available
forces near Tampico and it was this
condition, it was pointed out here
today, which probably gave Goro-;
zave his opportunity.
In view of the serious conse
quence to the Mexican government
which any injury to the captive
Americans would imply, however,
it was argued that the Obregon
government would feel it necessary
to rush its forces back to the Tam
pico region in sufficient strength to
guarantee protection of foreigners
should that course be pursued. It
seemed more likely to officials here,
however, that the payment demand
ed by Gorozave would be made
ond ultimately be assumed by the
central government rather than
that'any untoward event should
bring a rift in negotiations with
Washington for diplomatic recog
nition of the Obregon government.
Release of A. Bruce Bielaski,
held for ransom by bandits near
Cuenaveca, cleared that situation.
Charge Summerlin reported Mr.
Bielaski's release late today say
ing he was "rafe and well" and was
expected to arrive in Mexico City
Mexico City. June 2S (By the As
sociated Press)C?A- Bruce Bielaski,
the American who was captured
several days ago by bandits in the
state of Morelos, was delivered by
his captors to friends at Chietla
this morning, following payment of
:i ransom of $10,000 in gold. This
afternoon Mr. Bielaski with his
party was reported to be proceed
ing by train to Mexico City. Ac
cording to the meager information
reaching the capital, the release of
Mr. Bielaski was without untoward
With the Bielaski kidnaping ap
parently entt ring its final phase,
attention now is being centered on
the Tampico oil region, where 4i
Americans are being held by the
rebel general. Gorozave. for ran
som. Confirmation of reports that
Gorozave had captured the Ameri
cans reached here today in a pri
vate message from Tampico. The
message paid money for the ran
som of Americans was being for
warded to Gorozave from Tampico.
The dispatch did not designate by
whom the money was sent.
tot?Let all the ends Thou Aims't
Sumter, S. C, Satui
Report Says Presi
dent of Union Has
Authorized Cessa
tion of Work Satur
day Morning
Chicago, Jun? 29.?The United
States Railroad Labor Board' to
day cited ihe national officers.of-six
shop craft unions and railway
executives now meeting here, and
officers of four other railroad
unions to appear before the board
tomorrow afternoon in an inquiry
into the "threatened interruption
of traffic."
Chicago. June 20.?The first ac
tual step toward a strike of rail
road workers in protest against the
decision of the railroad labor board
was taken last night when J. W.
Kline, president of the Internation
al Brotherhood of Blacksmiths,
Drop Forgers and Helpers, sent a
telegram to members of his craft,
numbered among shop workers, au
thorizing a cessation of work at
10 o'clock Saturday morning, ac
cording to news stories published
Strike orders signed by the .six
shop craft presidents of the rail
road shopmen's organizations .was
sent out today to the general chair
man representing four hundred
thuosand men. authorizing a strike
at ten a. m., July 1st. "on all rail
roads" and "Pullman shops" in the
United States. Letters of instruc
tion regarding the progress .and
conduct of the strike are being pre
pared at general headquarters-here
today and will be mailed out. tOr
night. "Issue is clear cut with no
strings attached," says B. M. Jew
ell, president of the rariiroad union's
section of the American Federation
of Labor. "It's up to the railroad
executives at their meeting today."
Maneuvers Held. at Gettvs
\, burg* Camp
Gettysburg, Pa., June 28.?Man
euvers kept the two regiments of
marines in camp here steadily on
the go today, the sea soldiers being
taken out by companies for special
work in attack formations. The
heavy rain of last night drenched
the historic battlefield arid much
of the work was done in soggy
ground. Despite this, efforts were
made to speed up the action.. ;
Machine guns were used in to
day's formations and rapid prog
ress was expected in developing
the men for the sham battles of
next Monday and Tuesday.
The body of Sergt. G. R. Martin,
killed in the airplane accident on
Monday, was sent to his home in
Buffalo today. It was taken to
the train with full military honors.
Richmond, Va... June 28.?Gov.
E. Lee Trinkle and Mrs. Trinkle
will leave Friday for Harrisburg.
Pa., where they will join Governor
Sproul of Pennsylvania prior, to
going to Gettysburg where the ma
rines from Quantico, Va., will
maneuver for several days. Gov
ernors Trinkle and Sproul with
other members of the party will
meet President Harding at Gettys
Will Fight Bigham's
Motion For Appeal
Columbia, June 29.?Solicitor L.
M. Gasque, of Florence, is expect
ed to make a motion before the
supreme court for a dismissal of
the appeal of Edmund D. Bigham,
now in the death house at the pen,
on the ground that the court has
already reviewed the question of
fact involved in the case, and the
solicitor predicts that the court
will grant his motion and throw
out the appeal.
Recently the supreme court
adopted a new rule, whereby it re
fuses to review a question of fact,
as distinguished from a question
of law and judiciary discretion,
once the lower court has passed on
the facts in the premises. Under
this rule the solicitor may move,
after ten days notice to the attorn
ey on the other side of the case, to
dismiss the motion for a new trial
and get an answer without waiting
for the tedious processes of the
"1 intend to avail the state of this
rule." the solicitor says. "If the
supreme court follows the rule it
has laid down, as there is no reason
to think it would not do, the Big
ham case will not hang in the su
preme court a year longer."
A. L. Kins:, attorney for Bigham.
filed formal notice of in'ention to
appeal last veek. He has forty
day-; in which to perfect the appeal.
Afier that Mr. Gasque will have
ten days in which to perfect his
notice to dismiss the apni-.?). if
F.igham thus loses his appeal, be
will have t obe rescntenc^d.
Seventeen Irish
Troops Captured
Dublin, June 29.?The irregular
Irish forces have captured seven
teen troops of the provisional gov
ernment in the Dominick street
area, according to an unconfirmed
report this afternoon,
it be thy Country's, Thy God's and
day, July 1, 1922
I Employees of Cortez
Oil Company Held
as Security for Ran
som of Fifteen
Thousand Pesos
i ????-?
i Washington, June 27.?Seizure of
\ 40 American employees of the Cor
? tez Oil company at Tampico, Mex
j ico, reported to the state depart
j ment today, as security for, a ran
| sora of 15.000 pesos created a stir
I in official circles 'in Washington.
Lacking further information as to
what bas happened behind what
is apparently a rigid censorship at
I Tampico, however, there was little
?to indicate tonight whether- the in
j cident would lead to any change of
I attitude here toward the Obregon
j government in Mexico.
I In fact, at the White House It
was said that the relations between
the United States and Mexico were
j not likely to be affected in any
way by the bandit outbreak and the
recent kidnaping for ransom near
iCuernavaco, some 60 miles from
Mexico City, of Bruce Bielaski,
j formerly chief of the bureau of in
| vestigation of the department of
justice and more recently identified
' with American oif" interests who
j have property in Mexico.
Until it is known that the inci
dents are not a matter of domestic
politics in Mexico conceived by ene
mies of the Obregon government to
embarrass its relations with the
United States, or until that gov
ernment has been proved unequal
to afford such protection of Amer
icans and'their property as the oc
casion demands, there appears to be
no disposition here to move in any
other than a diplomatic way.
Beyond a brief report stating
that in addition^ to the two score
American employees, a quarter of
a million dollars' worth of destruc
tible property of the Cortez Oil
company was being held as secur
ity for the payment demanded, no
other word has reached the state
department tonight concerning the
bandit action in Tampico. Both
the embassy in Mexico City and the
: consulate at Tampico were prompt
j ly instructed to press for immediate
1 action by the Mexican federal au
! thorities. asking protection for
! Americans and American property
j and punishment for perpetrators
jof outrages.
The consul reported that the reb
el general, Gorozave. with 240 well
armed men, held the property and
the 40 Americans and had given
48 hours from Sunday morning,
j when the raid occurred, for pay
j ment as demanded. The time limit
! elapsed this morning. It was ex
j pected that further word would
I come at any moment showing what
j finally had occurred.
Gorozave is a new figure in the
Mexican situation. Neither at the
! state department nor the Mexican
j embassy was his name recalled.
? Whether he is a neW bandit start -
i ing out on a career of outlawry or
I one of the group in the Tampico
region formerly headed by General
Paleas, who controlled the oil ter
ritory for years, levying tribute on
oil operators, was not known.
Paleas abandoned the field some
time ago, however, and is now un
' derstood to be in the United States.
I There were indications that state
j department officials were not ex
actly sure just what sort of a sit
| uation they had to meet. Some
j elements in the meager official ac
} count inclined them to move cau
j tiously beyond prompt insistence
! that the Mexican federal authori
I ties protect all American interests
' absolutely.
At least so far as known the
j state department had not tonight
reported the Cortez company in
cident to either army or navy offi
cials or inquired as to the advisabil
ity of navy ships to send to the
scene. There is no available kno.wn
American warships now in waters
J adjacent to Tampico. the Galveston
I being at Guantanamo, Cuba, and
l Bear Admiral Coles, with three
ships of his special service squad
' ron in Canal Zone waters. For this
j reason the navy department had
! not report of Its own of the seiz
i ure of the oil camp and its Ameri
j can employees.
i The new situation in the oil re
I gion overshadowed for the moment
j the seizure, of Bruce Bielaski. No
j word had come from the embassy
j today to show progress of the ef
J forts of the Mexican federal au
thorities to obtain the release of
; the captive. The delay caused lit
tle surprise here, however, as the
region is mountainous, and it was
j recognized that the Mexican gov
j ernment must move cautiously if
dealing with reckless outlaws in
{ order that the life of the prisoner
? might not be jeopardized.
i Mexico City, June 27 (P?y the As
jsociated Press)?Representations to
; the Mexican foreign office urging
j immediate action to secure the re
j lease of 40 employees of the Cor
i tcz Oil company held by the rebel
j General Gorozave were made last
night by George T. Summerlin the
American charge d'affairs. it was
1 announced today. At the time the
request was renewed for the re
lease of A. Bruce Bielaski. former
chief of the bureau of investigation
of the American department of jus
tice, who was kidnaped Sunday
near Cuernavaea, and for the ap
prehension of his captors.
Up to noon today neither the
American embassy nor Mrs. .Bielas
ki has received definite word of Mr.
Chinese Paper in Cali
fornia Credits
Hong Hong Cable
San Francisco, June 29?Young
China, a Chinese language newspa
per published here, anonunced to
day that they, had received a cable
from Hong ffcong reporting that
Gen. Chen Chiung-Ming as being
shot and wounded at a meeting
with the leaders in his own troops
near Canton.
Chen Chung Ming
is Assassinated
Manilla, June 29.?Chen Chung
Ming, whose recent coup de'etat
drove from Canton-Sun Yat Sen,
president of the Southern China re
public, has been assassinated, ac
cording to a cable dispatch receiv
ed here from Shanghai. Reuster's
Agency fails to confirm the report.
"United States of Chum9' May
Be Name of Reorganized
Peking, June 28 (By the Asso
ciated Press).?Wu Pei Fu, domi
nant figure of northern China, to
day indorsed the recent suggestion
of Gen. Chen Chiung-Ming, out
standing leader of the south, that a
federal system be adopted for re
united China, patterned after that
of the United States of America.
General Wu suggested that the re
organized republic be known as
i:he "United States of China."
The majority of the provinces al
ready have signified their approval
of the proposal to reunite the coun
try under a federal governor at
Peking with each province en joy
ling rights similar to those accord
ed the separate state of the Amer
ican union. General Wu said.
The quiet little man who drove
the Mancurian war lord, Chang
Tsao Ui^? ^ut^jom . the gates
of Peking, and[ recalled to office the
constructional president Li Yuan
Hung, declared^ that sentiment is
growing in favor of the United
China program with American
ideals as its guiding star.
"Wu asserted that he had no oppo
sition in predicting that as China
traveled the road of progress she
would be found copying and put
ting into practice America's ideals
to an extent not reached by. any
other country.
In the south. Wu said, where
Sun Yat Sen's followers had been
accustomed to Western methods,
the new leader there, Chen Chiung
Ming. who recently drove Sun from
Canton, was a particularly strong
supporter of jthe\ "Americanized
China" program.
Support for the proposal that
China adopt Western ideals is said
to be strong in Peking, owing to the
presence there of many Chinese of
ficials who have been educated in
Leaders of this class are Dr.
Wellington Koo, who is acting as
financial adviser in the reorgan
ization plans;# Dr. W. W. Yen,
acting premier and foreign min
ister, and Drv Wang Chung-Hui
minister of justice. In their fol
lowing are many minor officials
who gained theri education in the
United States by means of the Box
er indemnity' funds returns to
China by the Washington govern
President of Mexico Says Re
port of Americans Kidnap
ped Absolutely Baseless
San Francisco, June 29.?Presi
dent Obregon, of Mexico, in a tele
gram to the San Francisco Chron
icle, asserted that news from
Tarn pico of Americans held cap
tive by bandits was "absolutely
baseless." He characterized the
dispatch as "only one of many ma
licious deeds to create an unfavor
able opinion between the two na
? ? m
Solicitors Meet
in Columbia
Columbia. June 29.?Practically
all the thirteen solicitors of the
state are in Columbia for the an
nual conference called by the at
torney general, which takes place
here tonight. The solicitors will be
the guests of Attorney General
Wolfe at a supper at the Jefferson
Hotel tonight. During the supper
the prosecuting attorneys will dis
cuss the law enforcement work of
the state. John P. Thomas, of the
Columbia bar. will be a special
speaker. The chief theme of dis
cussion by the solicitors and the
attorney general will be the sup
pression of homicides.
Pielaski's release although it was
anticipated by both that his release
doubtless would be effected today.
An abundance of money to meet all
ransom demands was available in
Cuernavaca yesterday and the en
tire day was spent in futile ef
forts to make contact with the
Four Hundred Thou
sand Shopmen Will
Be Called Out in
July Unless Rail
ways Agree to Stay
i _
j Chicago, June 27 (By the Asso
ciated Press).?A strike of the
j 400,000 railway shopmen of the
j country will be called for July 1
'unless the railroads agree to .stay
the $60,000,000 wage cut due the
shopworkers on that date and to re
store certain working conditions
formerly in effect, it was made
known tonight through a telegram
j from B. M. Jewell, head of the
'shop crafts, to the Association of
Railway Executives,
j Decision to call a strike came
' late today after a lengthy discussion
! by the executive committee of the
: six shop, crafts based on the strike
vote of the men thus far tabulat
Should the rail heads arrange an
immediate conference, agreeing
meanwhile to continue present
! wages, restore working rules modi
jfied by the railroad labor board
and discontinue farming out rail
road work, however, a walkout can
be halted, the telegram said. Oth
erwise "a sanction of withdrawal
from employment on July 1, 1922,
as voted by the employees, will be
The 2.500 word telegram ad
dressed to T. DeWitt Cuyler, chair
man of the Association of Railway
Executives, threw no light on the
actual strike vote beyond saying
it was an "overwhelming major
ity." Ballots were still coming in,
I it was said, as they were return
i able until June 30. A two-thirds
majority is lequired by the-union
by-laws to call a strike.
Although the actual call for the
waikout was made dependent on
the railway executives' reply to
I President Jewell's ultimatum, little
expectation was expressed in rail
road circles tonight that the exe
cutives would agree to such sweep
ing demands as those made by the
\ unions. ? . .
I Six international union presi
I dents, forming the executive council
? of the mechanical section, railway
j employees department of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, were re
sponsible for the strike decision,
Closeted for two days in ;secret ses
sion., they remained silent on their
actions until tonight. .
Declaring that the railroads
have acted on a common program
to reduce wages and obtain other
advantages, to the carriers, Presi
dent Jewell's message pointed out
"one benefit mayt come to the car
riers and their employees and to
the general public from the fact
that there are national spokesmen
of the conflicting interests who
might be able to halt a nationwide
withdrawal of men from employ
ment in the railway service if the
i railroad executives sincerely desired
j to avoid this consequence of their
previous course of.action."
"For this reason," the telegram
said, "in behalf of and by the <au
thority of the executive council of
the railroad employees' department,
I am informing you and through
you informing the responsible heads
of the various railway systems in
the United States, and also the
-Pullman company, most of which
are^ represented in the Association
of Railway Executives, that unless
an immediate arrangement can be
. made: -
"(1) To continue the payment
of the wages at present in force;
"(2) To restore operation under
rules 6. 10. 12. 14. 15. 46 and 177.
as they existed prior to the amend
ments thereof proposed in decision
No; 222; and
"(3) To discontinue the con
; trading out of work pending ne
gotiations between the Association
of Railway Executives and the
railway employees' department,
looking toward adjustment of the
existing disputes upon these ques
tions, a sanction of withdrawal
from employment on July 1, 1922,
| as voted by the employees will be
j unavoidable."
j The three points on which the
[executives are asked to meet the
j employees' demands are identical
i with the three questions on which
! the unions are now completing
I their strike ballot.
1 The first ballot covers the $60.
I 000,000 wage cut ordered by the
j board effective July 1. The second
j ballot involves seven rules regard
i ing overtime and physical exami
j nations, fought principally because
j they wiped out time and one-half
j pay for overtime and Sunday work,
j The third strike question involved
the practice of numeious roads in
! farming out certain work, declared
I to be in order to avoid the rulings
j on wages and working conditions
: by the federal labor board.
While the union heads expressed
! the veiled hope that the rail
! roads heads might listen to their
j last minute truce proposal, the sup
i pressed excitement and tense at
1 mosphere around union headquar
ters seemed to portend some mo
mentous action.
Fort Worth. Texas, June 27.?
Capt Burkburnett. an oil man and
rancher and owner of hundreds of
thousands of acres of Texas land,
i died at his home her* today, after
a year's illness. His land was
among the first in Texas to reveal
_ j.,-T\\: ... .. -
. ' * . *? ;.,? ?
(THRON, Established Jone 1, 13*C
V?L.LiL NO. 40
Will Shorten Distance
From Columbia t?
IF Sumter by Apgroxi
1 mately 20 Miles %
Columbia, June 26.?Thev hrjt?ge
over the Wateree river on the pto-'
jected Columbia-Sumter highway
will probably be open io traffic dur
ing August, according to Capt/j.
Roy Penneli, engineer of the Rich
land county permanent roads com
mission. Thisi structure, wh;ehjfill
bring Sumter approximately '? 20
miles nearer Columbia, has. for
years been a subject of discussion
among the advocates of good "roads
and its opening to traffic will be
the realization of a dream which
has long been entertained.
? : But a bridge over a river with
but indifferent roads leading across
the swamps to it is a structure ola.
somewhat doubtful benefit, and
there is some apprehension feltiest
several months will elapse before
the approaches to the bridge ax?
negotiable. At the location of the
bridge on the Wateree, it .so hap
pens that by far the greater parrot
the swamp area is on the Sumter
county side?indeed, there is but
about one-half mile of swamp on
the Richland county side, accord
ing to Captain PenneU. Oh the
Richlaad side it is possible now to
get within about 100 feet of. the
bridge, though ;the motorist cam not
get on it as it stands high. iPthe
air. The Richland county perma
nent roads commission will take up
the construction of the swamp road
in the near future. There is a %ll
, about one-half mile long and. 13
feet high that-.is yet to be built on
the Richland side> Surveys --an?
plans for this work have already
been completed and bids will be
advertised for in sl short time..
The Sumter side , of the ap
proaches is giving^ some concern.
Before federal aid for ^. con
struction of the bridge became
available the counties had to giv? a.
yguarantee that. the approaches
would be built. Each of the county"
delegations 'guaranteed the con
stFtictio*>^of-.U>e Approaches, Cap
tain ?enneff said.^ut it was generr
ally understood ^that the ftmds
would be raided? by private sub
scriptions in Sumter and Columbia.
The Sumtejf "chamber of commerce
and the Columbia chamber of com
merce and the citizens of Columbia
through th$ mayor assured the del
t gat ions and the. highway depart
ment that tlie motley would be rafs
ed. The Slratiet&county feOar?j??
comm^idfiers "agTeed to put* trf
, $7,500 apd- the <?tate highway de
partment agreed . to appropriate
$10,000 for the coWruction of the
approaches provided a total; of
$30.0QO was raised, all of which was
needed for the building of the Sum
ter approaches. The sum of $2,*Sd
was also raised in Sumter, so that
$20.000 of the $20,000 needed jis
provided for. The remaining $10,
000 ifc missing, according to Cap
tain Pehnell, and the lack of titfa
money, may delay the compfe?on
of .the work.. This road from; Co
lumbia to tiie bridge will have cost
Richla-sd county- approximier
$500,000 wiien it is completed^Most
of it is hardsurfaced. The. state
highway commiasftm allotted $5 0^
000 of the_ federal aid for building
this highway from Sumter to the
Chairman of House Commit
tee Would Make Restric
tions Much More Severe
Washington. June 26.?UndeS^a
bill designed to tighten up the im
migration law, introduced today by
Chairman Johnson of the house
immigration committee, admissltm
for permanent residence in this
country would be granted only tt>
aliens eligible for citizenship,-:-tftas
it was pointed out shutting. - the
gates to Japanese, Chinese. Mon
golians and others not granted the
right of citizenship who desire
such residence.
The Johnson bill also would re
duce on July 2, 1923, the quota
percentage from each country from
3 to 2 per cent, based on 1910
census figures. In addition to the
2 per cent, quota ^each country,
however, would be given a flat al
lowance of 600, the maximum total
from 60% flow being estimated at
24.?S)0. . The percentage reduction,
according to Mr: Johnson's esti
mates, would cut the total quota
admissions from around 255,000 to
170.000. .Exemptions are not in
cluded in 4hese estimates.
Not more than 10 per cent of any
country's quota would be admitted
into the United States in one
month, which would extend the
movement over a period of ten
months instead of five as at pres
. ent.
Xo attempt will be made to have
the house vote on the Johnson pro
posal at this session. It was offer
ed at this time, the chairman said,
as the basis of a permanent restric
tive immigration law and members
of the committee said . it would
undergo many changes.
New York, June 27.?Sir Auck
land Geddas, the British ambassa
dor, sailed with Lady Geddes on
the Mauretanla today for a month's
vacation in England.
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