OCR Interpretation

The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, September 13, 1922, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1922-09-13/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Supreme Court of Dis-j
trict of Columbia is
Asked to Set Aside j
Chicago In junction
Washington, Sept. 7 (By the As
sociated Press).?Legality of the
order obtained by the government i
from Federal District Judge Wilk.- I
erson at Chicago, restraining thej
striking railway shop 'crafts and
the railroad brotherhoods from in
terferring with transportation in
prosecution of the shopmen's]
strike, was assailed today in a suit j
filed in the supreme court of the
District of Columbia by the Inter
national Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers, one of the organizations
on strike. The question of juris
diction of the Chicago court was;
also raised by the petition, which I
denied that the plaintiffs had been j
guilty of any illegal act "before or j
since" July 1.
The electrical workers asked a ;
permanent injunction to .prevent i
United States Attorney Gordon j
and. United States Marshal Snyde.
from enforcing locally the provis
ions of the Chicago order. Within
two hours after the filing of the i
suit?which was set for hearing
next Saturday?Mr.- Snyder had
served formal notice of the Chi
cago injunction on J. P. Noonan,
president of the electrical workers,
on -most of the other local leaders
named as defendants before Judge
Wilkerson, and was instituting a
search for William H. Johnston,
head of the Machinists' association,
who was said to have "disappeared
again" afjer visiting his office.
The machinists* leader, according
to some of his associates, however,
had left for Chicago before Mar
shal Snyder' started out .with the
official copies of the restraining
While the electrical workers'
petition was said to have been
solely on their own behalf and
without i eference to the other six
unions on strike. Mr. Noonan said
they expected both the temporary
order, which they hoped would is
sue Saturday,^imh^^e^ permanent
writ to have a nation-wide scope.
Officials of the department of
?justice would hot comment for
publication on the recourse of the
strikers to the courts, but unoffi
cially they expressed the opinion
that if the supreme court of th*
District of Columbia shouid grant
the temporary restraining order, jl
would open .wide avenues leading
to possible upsetting by courts of
other jurisdictions of injunctions
and restraining orders granted by
the district supreme court?such
a3 these in various packers and
other important cases?under the
Sherman anti-trust and Clayton
The entire question, it was said
unofficially, centers on Section 15
of the Clayton act, and Section 5
of the Sherman law. which pro
vide that in suits brought there
under, the judge of any federal
jurisdiction', if in his judgment it
is deemed necessary to protect the
government or the purposes of r-.n
injunction, may have the power to
subpoena witnesses and defendants
in other jurisdictions.
While references to alieged
secret negotiations at various
unnamed places looking to sepa
rate settlements with individual
roads continued to be hear!
throughout the day, these still re
mained tonight in the status of
"unconfirmed reports."
Some administration officials who
have kept in personal touch with
one or both sides to the controver
sy throughout its progress reiter
ated t^day they had reason to be
lieve that the prospect. for settle
ment of the Strike dn several indi
vidual roads appeared to be im
proving. It was, said that B. M.
Jewell, leader of the striking shop
men, had been in touch with sev
eral of these recently and while
officially the department of justice
vras not advised of Mr. Jewell's
whereabouts, it was indicated that
e.dministration omcial* had "a well
defined idea" of his activities. It
was intimated by some in the con
fidence of Presidnet Harding and
Attorney General Daugherty that
any persistent attempt to obtain
service upon Mr. Jewell had been
deferred because of tin* belief tha*
he was engaged in negotiations
which might bring a settlement
of the strike within the realm ot
Justifiable hope.
Attorney General Daugherty was
said to feel that the strike situation
as it directly affects the law en
forcement branch of the govern
ment, had <ieared up appreciably
in the last few days. Reports from
centers where it was found neces
sary to concentrate forces of spe
cial deputies were said to hav**
emphasized the continued main
tenance of law and order among
strikers arid railroad employees.
After a conference between Mr.
Daugherty and Senator Borah it
was reiterated by government of
ficials that OO effort would be
made to retain in the Chicago per
manent injunction when and if
granted. the provisions which
Have been interpreted as tending
t? interfere with "free speech."
How far government representa
iblished April, ISoO.
Chicago Conference
Trying to Reach
Agreement on Basis
of Individual Rail
Washington. Sept. S (By the As
sociated Press).?On the basis of
reports to certain administration
leaders, a more optimistic view of
the railroad strike situation was
apparent today in government cir
cles than in the past .week.
Several officials, who have been
in close personal touch with
strike development's, declared that
settlement of the labor contro
versy on a number of roads was a
"probable" result of the series of
conferences which they understood
to be in progress in Chicago. '
The extent to which the nego
tiations might go toward effecting
a national settlement was not fore
cast tin these circles, but the hope
waS expressed that a partial peace
with "key" roads might serve?as
was the case' in the bituminous
coal settlement?as a starting
point for a general settlement. ,
The Chicago meetings were said
to have been largely a result of ef
forts on the part of Daniel Willard
of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad,
who was understood to have asso
ciated with him representatives of
about S5.000 miles of operated
Attorney General Daugherty in
a statement tonight said the gov
ernment was not a party to any
negotiations between the railroads
and their employees but declared
that such? negotiations would not
be .interfered with by the tem
porary restraining order issued at
' Chicago.
"The suggestion that such nego
tiations "would be interfered with
by the temporary restraining order
granted by Judge Wilkerson is in
my judgment wholly unjustified,"
Mr. Daugherty said. "The only
concern of the government is in
dustrial peace and the restoration
of transportation. Any conference
between the railroad executives
and their former employees to ad
just their grievances is in the in
terest of industrial peace and-would
not- find any obstacle on the part
of the government."
There was no development today
in connection with the legal back
fire started by the International
Brotherhood of Electrical work
ers, one group of striking crafts
I ?through a petition for a restrain
[ ing order to prevent enforcement
of the government's temporary in
junction. Conferences were held
I between counsel for the union and
I United States Attorney Gordon
I with a view to postponing the
i hearing on the petition, set for to
j morrow before Judge Bailey, but
[it was decided to proceed with the
hearing as previously arranged.
Officially, the administration is
doing nothing to further the ne
nogtiations between railroad exe
cutives and labor chiefs with a
view to settlement of the strike,
but President Harding was said
to be fully informed as to what is
transpiring and is anxious to see
negotiations terminate in desirable
Efforts to. obtain an official state
ment at the White House as to the
president's views on the situation
resulted in an authorized state
men; that they could not with
propriety be disclosed at this time.
It was pointed out that the sit
uation rests in the hands of a
number of persons, government as
well ?s railroad executives and la
bor leaders, and it was indicated
that any discussion by administra
tion officials might embarrass
those who are seeking a settle
While the rail situation was un
derstood not* to have been included
in the subjects taken up for ex
tended discussion at today's cabinet
meeting, which was one of the
briefiest sessions in some month?.
j it was understood that some ret
j erence was made to the status oC
the government's injunction in view
of official statements that a modi
fication of the temporary order
j would not be opuosed w*>en the.
I case was called in Chicago Monday.
j Engine Turns Turtle Near
Maeon. Sept. 11.?Conductor I>.
H. Lasuer of Vidalia, was killed
and three others seriously injur
ed when a Macott-Dubiin-Savannah
engine turned turtle near here to
j lives would go in agreeing t<> a
j modification of the temporary or
J der was not stated, but those in
[close touch with the administra
I tion were sanguine in a prediction
I tonight that it would (><? "very rad
i tcally modified." This it was stat
1 ed. would occur <>a t].>- govern
j ment's own motion before 121? -
court next Monday. The attorney
general and his advisers were said
to have come t<? the conclusion
that the temporary order went un
necessarily Xar io its restrictions,
Be Just and Fear I
j Arguments to Make:
Strike Injunction!
I Permanent Opened:
in Chicago Federal;
Chicago. Sept. 11.?Arguments
? on the government's motion to i
j make permanent the temporary j
! injunction against the rail strikers.
I opened at 10:35 this morning be- ;
j fore federal Judge Wilkerson. j
I Blackburn Esterlrne. assistant to
[the attorney general, opened for:
J the government, reading a list of ?
defendants of whom service had ,
! obtained. Donald Richbourn, at- I
; tomey for B. M. Jewell, and John !
j Scott, called attention to a motion
jto be filed Friday asking for a dis
; missal of the injunction as it re- j
j lates to his clients. Over the ob- j
I jection of Esterline. Judge Wilker
' son ruled that he would hear the
! strikers' attorney on the motion to
! . i
i dismiss.
i ? ? j _\
No Results From
! Informal Conference
j -?
! Western Railroad Executives
Meet in Chicago
i _ |
Chicago. Sept. S (By the Associ
iated Press).?An informal meeting
I of Western railroad executives with ?
! Daniel Willard. president of tho!
(Baltimore & Ohio, the return here 1
jfrom the East B. M. Jewell, head;
i of the striking shop crafts, and the;
J failure of the roads~to take any \
i definite action looking toward
j peace marked the progress of the
j nationwide strike.
[ As Mr. Jewel! stepped from the)
{train he was greeted by a United ,
I States marshal and a representa-j
j tive of the department of justice j
; and was given the official service of i
j the temporary injunction .issued I
; against the shopmen by Federal I
! Judge James Wilkerson.
: He accepted service without |
; comment. He was accompanifd by !
jj William H. Johnston, president of
j the International - Brotherhood of |
Machinists, who also was served
I with the writ, and Martin F. Ryan. \
i of the^ railway carmen's associa- i
j tion.
j Mr. Williard. who arrived here ?
j from Baltimore yesterday, was host j
jto -<? railway representatives at;
! luncheon today. Among the num- j
J ber were W. G. Bierd of the Alton, j
; H. E. Bieram of the Chicago. Mil- l
jwaukee & St. Paul: Hale Holden of!
j the Burlington. W. H. Fihley of the j
I Northwestern and Samuel M. Fel- !
i ton of the Great Western. After;
i the meeting Mr. WHliard ?appeared.j
! nervous and irritable and refused!
I to make any statement. Ho did;
j not speak to any of his recent
guests as they passed out.
j Mr. Felton? head of the Wes
j tern executives said:
I "I am not in a position to make
! any statement regarding the pres- \
I ent situation. I may have a state- ;
Iment to make tomorrow or Mon-j
day.'* He denied that separate i
I peace agreements were discussed I
?at the meeting today,
j When Mr. Bieram was intercep- j
ted by newspaper men as he was!
Heaving the meeting, he said: "1
j shall not talk to you. You would]
jask me some questions I can not!
; answer."
? Mr. Jewell and the other union j
j leaders also refused to comment:
j on the situation in advance of the
j meeting Monday of the shop j
crafts policy committee of 90.
! Both the railway executives and
! the union leaders united in de
j elat ing that the text of what was
termed the Willard plan for the
j settlement of the strike on sepa
i rate roads was nothing but the pro
posals brought before the sessions j
j of the executives at New York some
j throe weeks ago.
? Executive Council of Federa
tion of Labor Continues
Atlantic City, Sept. II.?The
shopmen's strike and demands for
;a genera! strike against the gov
' ernment's injunction were on the
! program when the executive coun
cil of the American Federation of
j Labor resumed its conference to
!day. Many members of the coun
cil, although denouncing the in
junction as "a Mow to Mi** rail
crafts mid a threat to ;ili organ
ized labor." expressed opposition to
j .i genera 1 strike.
Mexican Municipality
Restored to Baptists
Property Confiscated in 11H7
Also Returned
Washington, Sept. 11.?The mu
nicipality of Caltillo, Mexico, has
\??'<-n restored to the foreign mis
sion board of th?j Southern Baptist
convention and virtually all the
property which was confiscated in
lf? 17. Acting Secretary of State
Phillips has informed Senator Har
ris of Georgia.
*ot?Let all the ends Thon Aims't
Sumter, S. C.r Wednesd
A Rice-Fee
Vincent Richards is the yoiznge:
Cup team, the highest honor that
mother, Mrs. Gertrude Richards, of
diet and here you see Richards, u
mother's rice pudding.
Warrants Issued For
Thirty-Ei^ht Men
Who Participated in
Marion. Ills.. Sept. 7.?The spe
cial grand jury investigating the
Herrin massacre late today return
ed 38 indictments, all for mur
The first indictment accuses six
men of the slaying of Howard Hoff
man of Huntington. Ind. in the
Herrin cemetery. He was one of
th*> 'six captives who escaped the
massacr? at the barbed wired fence
in the timber. They were recap
tured and led back to the ceme
tery. There they were shot down.
One of them lived and the other
! five died.
The second indictment names
nine men in connection with the
hansring of Robert J. Anderson.
, Sparta, Mich., at the Southern II
j linois strip mine. His body was
riddled with bullets after he had
I been hanged. In the indictment
there are two counts, one charging
|t!>e shooting and the other the
! hanging.
The third Indictment concerns
j the slaying'of John Shoemaker,
i He and K> other of the non-union
I mine employees who had surren
dered under a flag of truce were
[killed at the barbed wire fence in
j the timber near the power house.
I In this indictment i'7 men are
'made co-defendants. Five of them
hue named in other true bills. They
include John James Brown (ne
[gro deputy sheriff).
j The fourth indictment is for the
[slaying of .lohn Shoemaker, and
[charges Hubert Walker with com
' mitting the slaying. He i> the
only one named on that indict
ment. Otis Clark, the first one to
l>" indicted and the first one tc*be
arrested, now held in the county
jail, is also charged with the mur
der of Shoemaker in tic- indict
ments returned today. ^
Hoffman's body was shipped to
Indiana, and never was buried in
the potters fi'-td at Herrin.
Anderson v.as alleged by the
miners at the time of the massa
cre, to have lired a machine ;run.
and he was hanged for that.
Shoemaker was th<* father of
three young children and was a
brother in law of J. W. Lester,
owner of the grip mine. II?' was
acting as assistant superintendent
a; the rinse et' the massacre. He
was a rivil and univer
sity graduate. According to the
testimony of one of the massi
er?- victims who escaped. Shoe
maker's body was treated to manv
indignities and one final shot was
tired into the body to make sure
he was dead.
Many of those indicted arc
miners, hut a few are engaged in
other occupations. Special depu
ties are now out arresting the men
wh?? were indicted today.
A skeptic is a tilling station man
who is" a lit?<- suspicious of the
customer who runs his engine while
having his tank filled.
at I)c thy Country's, Thy God's and
ay, September 13, 1922
1 Champion
st member ever selected for the Davis
can come to, a tennis player. His
Yonkers, X. Y., is responsible for his
nable to wait for dinner, trying his
i ? ?
Is Warned to Keep
j Out of White Men's
Movements, Signed
I K. K. K.
! Xew York. Sept. 5.?A package
'containing a human Wt hand, evi
jdently that of a white man. and n
i letter signed "FC. K. K." threaten
j ins: murder, was received today by
j A. Philip Randolph, editor of a ne
j gro monthly magazine, '"The Mes
1 senger." The package, which bore
?a wrapper marked "from a friend.
! Xew Orleans." was opened by the
! police.
j The letter warned Randolph t :?
jkeep*out of white men's movements
land to unite with his own rac*
! Randolph said he believed it was
'sent by his eneniies in the south,
'and that it referred to a recent
[controversy between himself and
I Marcus G?rvey, president of the
i provincial republic of Africa, and
: editor of "The Negro "World."
I After telling Randolph that his
i movements have been watched, the
author of the letter warns hin>
! against interfering with anything
j that may happen in the south. It
: concludes:
! "Now he careful how you pub
i Iish this letter in your magazine or
! we may^have to send your hand to
J some one else.
j "Don't think we can't get you and
(your crowd. Although you are in
! Xew York city it is just as easy a*?
[if you were in Georgia. If yor
[can't unite with your own race, we
( will hud out what's the matter with
; you all."
Race Through Clear brook.
Va.. in Automobile
Winchester. Va.. Sent. S?A
]>;?!:?(;.? of eight shouting and swear
ing n**;rro?\-: shot up the village of
i Clearbrook and wounded one citi
; zen early today as they raced
I through the town in an automo
' bile.
Stuart WhetzcII, garage proprie
tor, was shot in the leg and bul
let's narrowly missed a Saganaw.
Mich., touring party, composed of
Mrs. Helen Jeffries and son. Mrs.
t Alderman. Miss Margaret Wenby
and Robert Carden. who ha<l been
j visiting in Roanokc. Va.
Sheriff Panne'tl ami deputies left
later for Hagcrstown. Md.. where
' they expected to have the negroes
a rrested.
P.iris. S<-i>:. II. Georges Clem
enceau is going t<> the ITnited
'States primarily to plead the
cause oi France, he told :t corre
spondent of the Petit Parisien. He
j expects to start in November, and
; will deliver four lectures.
!f winter comes, will the freight
trains be far behind'.'
I _
I Two Carloads of Evi-j
dence is Carried to
Meeting in Chicago, j
j Chicago, Sept. 10 (By the Asso
ciated Press).?With the arryial to
' day of Attorney General Da?gherty
the stage was set for the hearing
in federal court tomorrow of the
government's application for a per
manent injunction against the
striking railway shopmen.
John W. H. Crimm, assistant at
torn ey: general, accompanied Mr.
Baugherty. They were preceded
yesterday by Blackburn Esterline,
assistant to the solicitor general;
Oliver E. Pagean, the government's
indictment expert, and two carloads
of evidence, which, it was said,
would be used in an effort to prove
a widespread conspiracy to crip
pic the nation's transportation ma
The existence of such a plot was
charged directly by the attorney
general when he obtained on Sep
tember 1 what has been called the
most sweeping temporary injunc
tion ever issued in such a case.
Leaders have not only denied the
existence of a conspiracy but have
demanded the vacation of the or
der against the shopmen and tak
en the ground that the government
has failed to make out a case, ihe
injunction is in violation of the
Clayton act and that it was obtained
through misrepresentations for "ul
terior and unlawful" motives.
In preparation for the govern
ment's battle to make the injunc
tion permanent federal agents were
said to have collected evidence from
all parts of the country, including
thousands of telegrams, letters,
photographs, blue prints and books,
tools of violence and transcripts of
statements of some 17,000 individ
All of this evidence, it was said,
would be used in an effort to show
that since the strike began there
[have been 25 murders and that 60.
[000 railroad cars have been tamper
j ed with and 14 railroad bridges
burned in the last 70 days. An ef
fort would also be made to show,
it was said, how such violence was
directed and the details of plans to
broaden the scope of a campaign of
terrorism as the strike progressed.
Tomorrow's hearing will be be
fore Federal Judge H. Wilkerson.
who granted the temporary injunc
tion. ' Representing the union lead
ers and opposed to the brilliant ar
ray of government counsel will be
Donald RIchberg, a young Chicago
attorney and personal counsel of B.
M. Jewell. Mr. Jewell himself and
John Seojt. secretary-treasurer of
the organization, were also expect
ed to be in court. Government
agents indicated that if the two
union leaders appeared they might
be calledO the witness stand and
grilled by the government.
Another plan to subpoena ever?
one of the 2 40 union leaders and
place them on the stand was be
ing discussed tonight by the govern- j
ment representatives. It was indi- !
cat cd that no definite decision on j
this procedure had been reached \
and it waa indicated that if carried
into effect it wuld prolong the
hearing for many weeks.
While, a corps of federal agents
were sorting over the government's
evidence for the court hearing
which is scheduled to open at 10:30
in the morning, union leaders from
?all parts of the counrty were arriv
ing for a meeting of the shop
[crafts policy committee of 90, which
j has been set t begin in an outlying
j hotel a half hour earlier. The call
j for the meeting of the policy com
j mittee which alone is empower
j ed to act on any peace proposal
was sent out by Mr. Jewell last
week following his return from the
cast, where he was reported to
have had conferences with several
railway executives. Shortly after
his return a meeting of officials
representing some 30 railroads was
held in Chicago but adjourned with
out making any public annouoee
j ments.
j At the beginning of its 11th
{week, the strike v.as estimated to
j have cost t?ie men who walked mst
j on July 1, more than ?I00.000.0??
I in lost wages. It was called fol
j lowing a decision of the Cnited
I States railroad labor hoard, cut
j ting the wages of the shopcrafts
^mpioy* ^ appr .xiu-a:- ! ? $50.000 -
000 a -ear. After the <*rik{ tc-j
. had gone out Mr. Jewell ignored an
j order to appear before the board
I and explain his action. The hoard
then iss?i?d a ruling which was
'generally interpreted as "outlaw
ing" the strikers, although the word
j "outlaw" was not used. The order
Isaid that new employees taking the
I places of tiie strikers should not be
? regarded ay strikebreakers, that
I they were entitled m> the ?'"II pro
jection of the government and
j should have the support of the
! public in keeping the roads in op
j etation.
i A threatened spread of rh-- strike
i to some 400.000 maintenance of
way men was prevented when the
'h?.;ird agreed to an immediate
i rehearing of the wage reduction or
der applying to them on the
grounds that the e.jst of living had
increased sine*- the order was hand
ed down. Any wage increase
granted was to he retroactive to
July l. the date when the reduc
jAmerican Detach
ments Landed From
Warships to Protect
! Foreign Population
j ?Turks Near Town
i Smyrna, Sept. 9, 6:55 p. m.?The
i Greek fleet left Smyrna harbor this ;
j afternoon, and the Greek conimis-,
? sioner of police plans to embark
'tonight. The allies will? probably
i occupy the town tomorrow. Amer
ican del..jhments were landed at
i noon today from warships for the
j protection of the foreign popula
tion. Naturalized Americans have
? been instructed to leave town. The
j Turkish nationalist vanguards are
j reported only fifteen miles from
i the city.
Turks Bombarding
Town of Smyrna
j Athens, Sept. 9.?Smyrna is be
i ing bombarded by the Turkish nat
ionalist's. Nine airplanes from the
? Greek naval base there arrived
: here this morning, the airmen
; telling of departure from the city
; under artillery fire. As they left
! the Smyrna airdrome a shell drop
' ped the tenth plane as it was leav
j ing the ground.
j London, Sept. 8.?The Greek
j high commander in Symrna, M.
j Stergiades, to'day handed over the
! town to the allied consuls, accord
ing to an Exchange Telegraph dis
j patch from Smyrna,
j Allied naval detachments were
: landed Thursday, the dispatch says:
j Smyrna, Sept. S (By the Asso
; ciated Pre_s).?The political and
?military authorities of Smyrna to
day began evacuating town. Em
j barkations are under way from
? Smyrna. Yurla and Chesmee.
I Remnants of the . Greek army
! have arrived 12 1-2 miles from
j Smyrna but the Turks apparently
; are not closely following them.
:"Volunteers in Smyrna vainly are
? trying to enforce resistance against
? the Turks, but it is believed here
that Mustapha Kemal Pasha, the
{Turkish nationalist leader, can en
j ter the town in three days,
j The situation here is extremely
! grave. Bands of Greek soldiers,
j Armenians and Turks are commit
ting acts of incendiarism,, pillage
J and murder. The allied rleets have
. arranged a plan for concerted ac
j tion.
? _______
I Athens. Sept. 8.?Nikolas Kalo
I geropoulos has accepted the pre
: miership which M. Protopapadaki
I resigned Thursday.
* - ?
The Fnrrnau Scholarship
I Greenville. Sept. 11?Joel Geiger
? Hodge, of 523 West Hampton ave
i nue, Sumter, has been declared
! the winner of the Sumter county
; scholarship in Furman university.
. The young man is a graduate of
I the Sumter High School. He won
; his scholarship in competitive ex
; amination. The scolarship is pro
vided by the board of trustees of
: Furman University.
i tions went into effect. The decision
i of the trackmen not to walk out
! was followed by similar action tak
! en by several other railway unions,
j Efforts to'end the strike of the
! shopmen, first by Ben Hooper,
'?chairman of the labor board, and
! then by President Harding and the
! leaders of the "Big Four" brother
| hoods failed because of a failure
to aijiee on the restoration of se
i niority rights to the strikers? a
supplemental issue brought up af
ter the beginning of the strike
I through the determination of the
! roads to stand by the labor board
? decision and protect *he right3 of
i the men who had lemained loyal
iand the new men who had come to
?their assistauee in the roads' hour
' of need.
j When the seniority issue arose
[many of the roads announced their
!willingness to yield on this point.
I declaring that they had places
i enough for all. First a group of
; roads in the northwest and then
jthe Baltimore & Ohio sought sepa
rat?- agreementse hut nothing came
int these efforts as Mr. Jewell an
i nouneed Iiis opposition to separate
[settlements, being quoted as declar
! ing that it would be peace for all
? or a fight to a finish.
Little less than a month a uro
'through the intercession of the
"Big Four" brothrehoods. it was
reported thai some out of the
i<<! class one railroads wore will
ing to discuss separate agree
ments. Since then. r?owever; some
.?: the stronger roads in this group
have announced that they have
filled their shop forces and to
have refused further negotiations.
Today railway executives who re
fused to allow the use of their
names said only about 30 roads,
representing slightly more than 50.
oo?> mill's <?f track, would listen to
any separate peace proposals.
Mr. l^aught-rty spent most of
the day in conference with his
?HROX, Established June i, 1866.
_VOL. Lin. NO. 9
Supreme Court Re
fuses to Dismiss Ap
peal For a New
Trial ? Hearing in
Columbia. Sept. 9.?In a per
curiam order handed down yesr
terday the supreme court refused
to dismiss the appeal of Edmund
D. Bigham as petitioned by So
licitor L. M. Gasque, of Marion,
and will hear the appeal on . its
merits on the call of the Twelfth
circuit cases before the court this
fall, which will be in November.
Solicitor Gasque moved before
the court on September 1 for a
dismissal of the appeal on the
grounds that it was manifestly
without merit. The court says that
it does not consider the appeal
"manifestly without merit" and
will not dismiss it. Mr. Gasque
moved under Rule 30 for the dis
missal, which provides for snch
action in criminal appeals where
there is no apparent merit.
In the per ciiriam order the
court says: "The court is not con
vinced that the grounds of appeal
are manifestly without merit and
-the motion of the state to dismiss*
ithe appeal is therefore refused."
K| Bigham was convicted of the
murder of his brother. l^z Smiled?
Bigham. in March. 1921, at Flor
ence and sentenced to be electro
cuted. He appealed to the su*
jpreme, court for a new trial but
I the court affirmed his conviction:
[He was taken back; to Florence
this summer to be resentenced arsd
when lie appeared in court his at
jtorney, A.. JL, King, moved for ?
new trial on" the grounds of after ?
discovered evidence. Judge S. VT.
IG. Shipp, presiding at Florence,
I refused. the * plea for a new trial,
j Bigham . then appealed from this
[refusal to the supreme court So
| licitor Gasque moved to dismi^i
I the appeal but the cdurt refused
to do so.
Bteham in addition to being con
victed for killing his brother, is
charged with killing his' mother,
Mrs^^JU": S. Bigham, his sister,
Mrs: Margie Black', and his sister's
two ?dppted children. Led :and
John MeCracken. He has never
been tried for the killing of any
one except nio brother.
Natioits Reduce [ , t
Army Strength
????? ?
Encouraging Reports Made to
League of Naiicrs
Geneva. Sept S (By the Asso
ciated Press).?Reports presented
by the council of the leagu4 of na
j tions on reduction of armaments at
this afternoon's session of the third
assembly of the league show that
in more than a score of countries
restrictions of military outlay has
been begun. .
Great Britain reported a reduc
tion of 55 per cent, in naval ton
nage, France 36 per cent. Italy 49
per cent and Japan 59 per cent.
In land-armaments France report-,
ed a reduction of 200,000' men
under arms and shortening of the
term of military service by one
half. Sweden also reported that
the cutting of her military service /
in half; Italy reduced the period?
of service and suppressed 8S. bat- ?
talion of infantry: Poland reduced
her army tit 1,000.000 men to about
260.000: Japan made reductions -
but failed to give the figures, while
Switzerland reduced from TO pe?%i
cent to 5o per cent, the prop?rtioaV^
of her men eligible for military ;
I Foreign Property Destroyed
by Chang's Forces
I Shanghai, Sept 8 ((By the As
jsociated Press).?Forcible occupa
r tion of American mission buildings
j and destruction of foreign property
I in disregard to rights of Americans
by Cantos military officials under
Gen. Chang Chiung Ming in Kay
; ing. Kwantung province, is report -
I ed here ir advices from S. S. Beith.
; a Chicago missionary at Kaying.
j Beith charges that civil author!-7
; ties in Kaying are active in dis
semination of anti-Christian propa
ganda and supporting the military
officials. An urgent protest agains:
the depredations ha:* been for
warded by Beith to the American
consul at Swatow.
Demand Impeachment
of Daugherty
! House Refers Question to Ju
diciary Committee
; Washington. Sept. 11.?A'de
I mand for the impeachment of At
i torney General Daugherty for
! "high crimes and misdemeanors."
j was made in the house today by
j Representative Kello of Minnesota
j who sought an immediate action
on a resolution for an investiga
t tion. By an overwhelming vote
i the house referred the question to
I the judiciary committee.

xml | txt