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The watchman and southron. [volume] (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, September 16, 1922, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1922-09-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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Restraining O r der
Against Strike;
Leaders Will Re
main "in Force Pend
ing Court Hearing |
Chicago, Sept. 11.?The tem
porary restraining order granted
the government September 1
against the striking railroad shop
crafts and their leaders tonight
was continued in effect for not to
exceed ten days. The original or
der would have expired at mid
Federal Judge James H. Wilker
son ordered the continuance on the
government's motion at the close
of the first day's hearing on the
petition of Attorney General
Daugherty for a temporary injunc
tion to replace it. The continuance,
the court stipulated, wilt terminate
on the decision in the injunction
As a result of the continuance
the injunction hearing will be
halted tomorrow morning while
attorneys for B. M. Jewell, presi-'
dent and James Scott, secretary
treasurer of the federated shop
crafts, argue for a modification of
its penalties. Donald R. Richberg,
representing the strike leaders,
served notice on counsel for the
government that he would move
some modifications when court
convenes tomorrow.
Jewell and Scott were the only
two of the more than 240 strike
leaders and 300,000 strikers af
fected by the restraining order
represented in court by counsel to
Lose First Motion
They lost the first battle when
the court denied their motion that
the government's petition be dis
missed. *T am not prepared at this
time to decide that the bill fails
to set up anj' ground for relief,"
Judge Wilkerson said, and ordered
Blackburn Esterline, assistant to
the solicitor general to proceed
with the prosecution of the gov
ernment's case. '
- In the argument over the con
tinuance of the restraining order,
however, the court pointed out the
difference between the charges of
"unlawful combination" and "law
ful combination^ to do unlawful
acts" and indicated that if the de
fense can show only the latter is
charged in the bill some modifica
tion of the present order might be
The government today read into
the record, a list of nearly twenty
five murders growing out of the
rail strike, and literally hundreds
of acts of sabotage, assault, dy
namiting, whipping, derailment of
trains, burning of bridges, rioting,
destruction of property and Inter
ference with trains 'in interstate
Must Produce Facts
The defense protested that the
list compiled by the Department
of Justice and sworh\to by C. J.
McGuire, attorney for the depart
ment, was improper as evidence,
but it was admitted for the time
being, on the understanding that,
the government would produce fur
ther facts in its support.
On the same understanding
Judge Wilkerson admitted a cer
tificate from Postmaster General
"Work, showing that 9?3 mail
trains operating over track ag
gregating 82,912 miles have been
withdrawn because of the strike
and that delivery of the mails has
been seriouly hampered. Likewise
he admitted for the time being a
report from the director of agricul
ture of California showing the fall
ing off in fruit shipments during
the month of July because, of the
railroad tie-up, the need of cars to
mcve the crops, and a petition of
California fruit growers to the In
terstate Commerce Commission set
ting forth their needs of cars.
Attorney General Daugherty was
surrounded today by one of the
heaviest batteries of legal talent
the government has ever assembled
in a Chicago court. Besides Mr.
Esterline, he is supported by J. W.
H. Crim, assistant attorney general:
James A. Fowler. Oliver E. Pagen,
government indictment expert and
A. A. McLaughlin, all three special
assistants to the Attorney General:
Charles H. Cline. district atotrney,
and C. J. McGuire, attorney. Mr.
McLaughlin also represents the
railroad administration.
Mr. Richberg, local attorney for
Messrs. Jewell and Scott, was as
sisted by Frank L. Mulholland, of
Toledo. Two attorneys for the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Kngi
neers, Tom Stevenson and Oscar
Home, of Cleveland, sat at the de
fense table, but only as lookers-on.
Ht>pe Appreciates Big Vote
Columbia. Sept. 14?James H.
Hope, nominated in Tuesday's pri
mary, as state superintendent of
education to succeed Mr. Swearin
gen, whose term expires next Jan
uary, was a visitor in Columbia to
day. He expressed appreciation of
the handsome vote given him
throughout the state. Mr. Hope
was at one time county superinten
dent of Union county, and he is
well qualified for the office to which
he has been nominated*
?blished April, 1850.
Federal Attorney Files I
20,000 Documents!
Charging Assaults i
on Railroad Em
Chicago, Sept. 12 (By the Asso- j
ciated Press)?With more thanj
20,000 affidavits charging assaults j
by strikers and strike sympathizers j
j on railroad workers in every sec
j tion of the country, the govern
i ment today launched its endeavor
J to show a concerted effort by the
j striking shop crafts to interfere
? with interstate traffic by driving
(railroad employees from their
Overruling the objections of at
torneys for B. M. Jewell and John
Scott, the strike leaders, Federal
Judge Wilkerson admitted the af
fidavits in evidence for the time be
ing at least, in the hearing on the
government's bill for a temporary
j injunction against some '240 shop
crafts officials and their followers.
The court likewise deferred for
the present, argument on the de
j fense motion for modification of
the temporary restraining order
now in force. He ruled that the j
government's contention that the
I dominant purpose of the alleged
conspiracy is the destruction of in
I terstate traffic would be a vital j
I factor in determining whether the j
unions weFe entitled to any modi- j
iication in the order, and directed I
the government to proceed with j
the evidence on which it expects to j
prove that claim.
The value, as evidence, of the af
fidavits of persons assaulted
by the strikers and strike sympa
thizers, or affidavits of public or
railroad officials claiming knowl
edge of such assaults was vigorous
ly opposed by Donald R. Rich berg j
and Frank Mulholland, attorneys
for Mr. Jewell and Mr. Scott.
They fought their introduction i
j and entered a general objection to j
all of them that the government i
may produce. .
The affidavits, they declared. (
are at the best only secondary ev
idence, and they fail, they added,
to show any connection between
their clients and the perpetration
! of the act of violence complained
A" few isolated acts of violence
among 400,000 men on strike are
j insignificant in themselves, Mr.
Richberg declared. "They would
occur even in any army under mil
itary discipline," he said, "and an j
army of 400,000 m*n would have;
to have court m?rtials to deal i
with such cases, yet the existence j
of the army could not be called a j
conspiracy because of those scat- j
tered affairs. .
He characterized the govern-1
ment's -affidavits as being. "may be j
half true." and denied the inference j
contained in one of the prosecu
tion's exhibits that trains had ever
been abandoned :r. the southwes
tern desert by their crews.
Blackburn Ester ine, assistant to
j the solicitor general, read nearly
200 of the affidavits telling of as
Isaults to the court today, and an
nounced he would continue the
l reading tomorrow. Unless an agree
ment is reached to shorten the
j presentation the government, he
; tdld the Associated Press, will read
j into the record reports of similar
j occurrences in every state and on <
{every principal ra?road line in the j
.'country. .
Today's exhibits ranged from an J
(affidavit of the tar and feathering
j of aAtiilroad emplovee?with pho
togrwphs attached?through bomb
ings, shootings, attempts to run
a ?v n workers with automobiles,
beatings, threat?, .*rbal abuse,
rock throwing and even intimida
tions of :h- ir wives ir-d children.
Th ? montouus leading was en-,
livened occasionally by the various |
f?'i*ms of torture against soio?; of
trie strike victims, one affidavit
j nt a non-uaio,! mar. captured by
men said to be strikers told how
his captors discussed a half dozen
various forms of punishment, in
eluding placing pebbles in his shoes
and forcing him to walk before
their automobile or lying a rope
around his neek and dragging him
behind the car, and how they final
j ly compromised by finally beating
In upholding the government's
! right to develop its charges that
the paramount purpose of the al
leged conspiracy of the strikers is
to destroy interstate commerce, be
fore the defense motion for modi
fication of the restraining order is
acted on. Judge Wilkerson cited
the recent derision of the United
States supreme court in the Coro
nado ca.^ and similar decisions in
the retail lumber dealers" case and
the prosecution of James A. I'atten
of wheat corner fame in the cotton
case years ago.
The government scored again
during the defense attack on the
reading of the assault affidavit
when Judge Wilkerson citeil the
decision of the Illinois supreme
court in the Chicago Wilmington
coal case, pointing out that tin
court had held it was unnecessary
for the prosecution to prove any
written or spoken word in further
ance of an alleged conspiracy. The
mere existence, the court said, in
that case of concerted action lead
ing to a certain chain of unlawful
events was sufficient proof that
conspiracy did in fact exist.
The hearing was interrupted at
"Be Just and Fear
Shopmen Agree to
Make Separate
Agreements With
The Various Rail
Chicago, Sept. 13 (By the Asso
ciated Press).?The policy com
mittee of the striking railway shop
crafts today authorized B. M.
Jewell, strike leader, to sign a sep
arate peace agreement with individ
ual roads.
This action, it was* stated, would
end the strike on from 30 to 52 of
the Class 1 raiiways of the coun
try which entered into direct ne
gotiations with Mr. Jewell recently
at Baltimore and on any others
who cared to accept the peace
With the announcement that
partial peace had been voted, came
the first definite statement from S.
Davies Warfield, president of the
Seaboard Air Line and represen
tative of the Railroad Securities as
sociation, said to control $13,000,-.
000,000 of stock, which showed he
was responsible for negotiations
that finally ended in the agreement.
The agreement was reached be
fore the committee of 90 adjourned
about 2 o'clock this afternoon.
Preparations for ordering the
men back to work on the roads
which are parties to the agreement
were begun tonight in a meeting
of the executive council attended
by the international officers of the
six shop crafs. This meeting?as
those of .the past?was closely
The first move in the negotia
tions which culminated in the
agreement started in New York
August 25 when all hope of ending
the strike even through the aid of
the "Big Four" brotherhoods had
ended. Mr. Warfield telephoned
Mr. Jewell and arranged further
conferences. One week later Mr.
Jewell departed secretly for Bal
timore and there the basis for to
day's settlement was' laid.
In addition to Mr. Warfield, Mr.
Jewell and his executive council,
the meeting was attended by Dan
iel Willard. president of the Balti
more & Ohio, and A. H. Smith,
president of the Xew York, Central.
The basis for peace was agreed to
by both factions. Then Mr. Jewell
and his officers returned to Chica
go, while Mr. Warfield began an
active campaign to line up Eastern
roads. Mr. Willard came West and
opened secret conferences here
with Western railroad executives.
Last Thursday Mr. Jewell author
ized a call for his policy commit
tee to meet in Chicago September
31. Nearly all the first morning
was consumed by a session of the
executive council. That afternoon
they reported in the Willard-Jew
ell agreement. Then began a strug
gle for peace with Mr. Jewell, his
executive council and chairmen on
Western roads endeavoring to
bring into the peace line chairmen
on railroads not parties to the
Xot until peace was voted did
the details of the bitter fight be
come known. For three days Mr.
Jewell and hi:? associates talked,
pleaded and argued for an accept
ance of the settlement basis plan.
FeaAng failure he did not enter
tain a morion for a vote on the
proposition until it was virtually
assured that he would have nec
essary majority behind him.
The iprms of the agreement are
those offered at Xew York with a
few slight changes made necessary
to mollify the opposition in the
union's ranks. With these terms
as a basis, system federations on
roads not now parties to the
agreement are authorized to enter
peace negotiations with proper
railroad affieials. Until these em
ployes are returned to work, they
will be assisted financially by
those who are employed.
Present employes. ?z? the strik
ers will be retained by the railroads
signing the Jewell-Willard agree
ment. The old men are to return
to their former positions at the
present rates of pay n :t later than
30 days after the agreement is
signed. All strikers with the ex
ception of those found guilty of
acts of violence are to be put on
the roads' payroll at the end of the
30 days' period. Men will be call
ed back to work in the order of
their standing.
Anticipating disputes arising out
of the men's return to work the
agreement provides for an arbitra
rily morning session when Mr.
Richberg called the court's atten
tion to an article in a Chicago
newspaper purporting n> conn*
from Attorney Genec&l Daugherty's
Office, and setting forth some of
the things which the government
charges against the strikers.
Characterizing the article .as
"criminally libelous," Mr. Fiich
berg demanded to know wheth
er it was authorized by the attorn
ey general.
Mr. Daugherty. who was n<.*
feeling well today, was confined to
his hotel, and hi iiis absence Mr.
Esterline and his ""associates said
they had not read the statement
and knew nothing about it.
The court, after scanning it
cautioned both sides against mak
ing ex parte statements tending to
influence public opinion prior to
the disposition of the case.
iVot?Let ail the ends Thou Ainis't a
Sumter, S. C, S^t'?rda
j -
I Shopmen Will Makej
Peace on The B?&fe!
of Separate Ag*^-!
ments With Roads |
Chicago, Sept. 14?The members;
of rhe shops crafrs policy commit-;
jtee who yesterday approved peace
! plans of ending the railway strike!
[through separate agreements with;
j individual roads, today began sep-j
j rate negotiations under the t^rnis;
iof the agreement. . Instructions'
I to various system federation om- J
jcials to sign negotiations, arrange-'
j ments and agreement have. ? been j
jsent from union headquarters. j
i ticn commission cc.npose* of six I
j railroad representatives and six!
shop craft agents.
On the belief that many carriers '
will follow those who were parties i
to this greement. it was understood I
jtonight the shopcrafts officials!
I place their hopes of a nation-wide'
j settlement of the strike. The -ac-j
jtion of the agreeing ?oads. they'
! were said to believe, will force the \
[others to the same terms. i
I Among the roads said by a,rep
I resentative of S. Da vies Warfleld.
! to have been parties to the agree- j
j ment were: Louisiana & Arl^an-1
sas: Southern railway. East & yTest!
Coast, Georgia Southern & Florida,
[New Orleans and NortheasVern,?
! Northern Alabama, Seaboard! Ajrj
j Line, Macon, Dublin & Savannah, I
j Tampa & Gulf Coast, . T^mpa!
! Northern, Virginian railway/ Wins- i
ton-Salem Southbound, Alabama j
Great Southern. Chesapeake & \
Ohio, and Baltimore & Ohio.
Just how soon men on the!
I "peace" railroads will return to j
work could not be learned tonight!
but it was predicted that orders
I ending the strike on some roads j
[ will be issued within a few hours. I
j The peace settlement plan .also;
r would apply to the Brotherhood of!
i Stationary Firemen and Oilers, |
I some 15.000 members of which j
I i'oliowed the strike action of the j
', six federated shop crafts.
i Mr. Jewell said: "We have!
[agreed to the terms of a settlement!
r yielding wherever possible and;
?standing where there was no Other;
r avenue open honorably to those j
I we represent."
I "All men are to return to work i
j in positions of the class originally!
i held-on June 30. 1922. at .the!
I same point." according to the1
I statement issued by the policy com-]
j niittee. I
i "The method of procedure adpt- j
j ed by the policy committee at the ?
j meeting is no men on any railroad!
even though included in the set-!
tlement at this time are to return
to work until they have received;
i the necessary directions from their I
; respective system federation," the;
policy committee statement said j
and added that the negotiations j
with the roads would be ordered I
at once.
The terms of the settlement were j
as follows:
"1. In order to bring to an end
the existing strike of employes i
[upon the undersigned railroads]
:and redieve the country from the!
j adverse effects thereof and to ex- j
j pedite the movement of essential!
j traffic, the following memorandum J
; of agreement is made upon the un-;
j derstanding. which the parties!
j hereto accept, that the terms'
J hereof shall be carried out by the ?
j of fleers of the companies and thej
I representatives of employes in spirit;
f of conciliation and sincere purpose !
to effect a genuine settlement of i
the matters in controversy refer-,
jred to below. This paragraph does,
not apply to or include strikes in
j effect prior to July 1, 1922.
j "2. All men to return to workj
I positions of the class they orig- j
inally held on June 30, 1922, and,
I at the same point. As many of^
such men as possible are to be im- |
mediately put to work, at present [
rates of pay. and all such em-1
ployes who have been on strike be
put to work or under pay not later j
than 30 days after the signing of
this agreement, except such men
as have been proven guilty of acts
iof violence which in the opinion
of the commission hereinafter:
provided for shall be sufficient
cause for dismissal from service.
The relative standing as be
tween themselves, of men return
ing to work and men laid off fur
j loughed or no leave of absence, in
ieiudinfr general chairmen and oth
ers who were as of June no, 1922.
j properly on leave of absence, will
("be restored as of June 20. 1922. and
! they will be called back to work in
j t hat order.
j *-4. If a dispute arises as to the
1 relative standing of an employe or
if any other controversy arises
growing out of the strike that can
i not he otherwise adjusted by rhe
I carrier and said employe or the
duly authorized representatives
thereof, the matter shall he re
ferred by the organizations par
ties to this agreement. th<- em
ployes or the carrier in the inter
est of any employe who may he
.aggrieved, to a commission to he
established and constituted as here
inafter provided, for final decis
ion by a majority vote.
"5. The commission referred to
in paragraph 4 hereof shall be
composed of six representatives to
be named by the chief officers of
the organizations parties hereto
and six railroad* officers or repre
t be thy Country's. Thy God's and
y, September 16, 1922
OTHER ?'??!
Settlement of Shop
men's Strike by
Separate Agree
I ment Weil Under
Chicago, Sept. 14.?Leaders bf
the federated railway shop crafts
who began negotiations for sepa
rate settlement* of the shopmen's
strike, announced that several roads
in addition to about fifty whi?*h
previously had agreed to separate
agreements had telegraphed union
headquarters indicating their wil -
lingness to start negotiations.
Sixty-five Per Cent of
Railroads Will
Washington,. Sept. 14.?Advices
to labor department from its rep
resentatives in Chicago said that
roads having approximately 35 per
cent of the country's mileage
have signified tneir intention of en
tering separate agreements to
end the strike and that roads rep
resenting an additional thirty per
cent are ready to end the strike.
Direct negotiations to end the
strike on the Southern Railway
will be inaugurated at conferences
beginning Saturday.
More Cotton Used During
Washington, Sept. 14.?Cotton
consumed during August amount
ed to 527,404 bales of lint,' 60.825
bales of linters, compared with
467.059 and 52,106 bales of linters
last August, the census bureau an
nounced today.
sentatives selected from and by the
railroads agreeing hereto. This
commission shall be constituted
within 15 days from the signing of
this agreement and shall have ju
risdiction to decide all cases that
may properly be referred to it on
or before May 31, 1923, but not
"6. Inasmuch as this agreement
is reached for the purpose of com
posing in a spirit of compromise
this controversy, ail parties hereto
agree that neither this settlement
nor any decision of the commis
sion above provided for, shall be
used or cited in any controversy
between these parties or between
the railroads signing the same or
any other class or classes of their
employes in any other controversy
that may hereafter arise.
"7. Both parties pledge them
selves that no intimidation nor
oppression shall be practiced or
permitted against any of the em
ployes who have remained at work
or have taken service, or against
those who resume werk under this
"S. All suits at law now pend
ing as the result of the strike to be
withdrawn and cancelled by both
"The settlement speaks for itself.
If the statesmanship shown by
Mr. Warfield had prevailed at the
outset differences would have been
composed in a week. Railroad
employes are not breakers of the
law hut they are human and ex
pect to he accorded the considera
tion which they believe they are
entitled to receive as the inalien
able right of the American citizen.
"We sought settlement through
th? peaceful method of continued
negotiation, not by resorting to vio
lence or other unlawful acts. The
unprecedented and thoroughlv
un-American injunction secured by
the attorney general, coming as it
did near the close of these import
ant and far reaching negotiations,
would have, if secured 48 hours
earlier, disrupted them.
"We have neither criticism to
make, nor excuses to offer. We ac
ce??ted the administration's pro
posal for s?lement and were not
responsible for the misapplication
of alleged understandings between
the administration and the chair
man of the Association of Railway
Executives, to which its defeat by
that body was attributed. Neither
were we responsible for the labor
provisions of the transportation net.
"We conducted our proceedings
under well recognized labor policies
of long sanding. The public will
not believe that the rank and file
of labor condone acts of violence
resulting in the loss of life among
train service employees or others.
We maintained as peaceful rela
tions as could be expected under
the pressure on hundreds of thou
sands of men. directly or indirectly
affected. We approached the rail
roads recognizing their difficulties
as- we expected them to appreciate
'"We have agreed to terms of
I settlement, yielding wherever possi
ble and standing where there was
no other avenue open?honorable
to those we represent?our duty to
! the country we have fully recog
nized. We have given up much for
industrial peace. We shall now see
how far the railroads will go to
1 meet us to gain the same end."
New Bill Levies Du
ties Higher Than
Any Measure of1
Recent Years I
Washington, Sept. 12 (By the As-!
sociated Press).?The administra
tion tariff bill in the form in which
it will become a law probably be
fore October 1 was made public
today with the presentation of the
conference report to the house.
Many of the rates proposed by the
senate were reduced by the Re
publican conferees, but the experts
estimated that the level of its du
ties wa3 only slightly below the
level of those in the famous--Payne
Aldrich act, the last Republican
protective tariff.
Basing their calculations on the
present volume of import trade
treasury experts figured that the
bill would yield an annual gov
ernment revenue of $400,000,000.
This is $44,000,000 more than was
received during the last fiscal
year through the Combined opera
tion of the Democratic Underwood
law or. the Republican emergency
tariff act, both of which will be
supplanted by this bill immediate
ly after it is signed by the presi
! dent.
! Finai action on the measure by
[the house tomorrow was the plan of
I leaders under an agreement made
today for only four hours of gener
al debate with a vote to follow im
mediately. The bill then will go to
the senate where debate of a week
or more is expected to precede the
final' vote.
j Discussion in both the house and
senate, but more particularly in
the latter, will be the forerunner of
that to be heard over the country
before the Xovember elections a?
the bill is certain to become one of
the chief issues in the congressional
and senatorial campaigns. Demo
crats will continue their attacks on
the measure as one certain to in
crease the cost of living by several
billions of dollars a year and as
encouraging the continuation of
war pricey. ...
Republican proponents of the
tariff have defended it and .plan to
continue to do so as the first to
accord a proper measure of protec
tion and as necessary to protect
both industry and labor in the
present abnormal .world economic
situation and more particularly
from disastrous competition from
the low cost productions countries
in central Europe and the Orient,
j Chief fighting points in the bill
(thus far have been the wool, sugar
and dye" duties, all of which were
reduced, some in conference, and
the so-called flexible tariff provis
ion giving the pre^dent broad au
thority over tariffs. Under this
provision as finally perfected in
confreence the executive would
have the power to increase or de
crease rates 50 per cent.
Should such^ increase prove in
sufficient to * protect American
industry the president could declare
American valuation but no rate in
the bill'could- be increased on that
valuation, although a decrease to 50
per cent, would be possible as the
flexible section was approved by the
senate. American valuation could
have been used only in the case of
coal tar dyes, syntheic chemicals
and explosives.
The senate provision that the
flexible tariff should remain in op
eration only until July 1. 1924. was
stricken out of the bill and the
so-called scientific tariff provision,
providing for investigation and re
ports by the tariff commission, as
well as those desigced to prevent
discrimination against American
commerce and trade were retained.
The conferees also approved re
taliatory provisions, ir. some cases
aimed principally ' against Canada,
and affecting Portland cement,
common house brick, bituminous
and anthracite coal, all of which
are on the free list, and automo
biles, motorcycles and bicycles.
In compromising between the
senate raw wool rate of 33 cents a
scoured pound and the house duty
of 25 cents the conferees agreed
upon 21 cents.
Long slaple cotton, which the
senate had proposed to take at 7
cents a pound and which is taxed
und Ar the existing emergency act.
was sent hack to the free list. In
consequence the 10 cents a pound
compensatory duty proposed on
the finer cotton eloths. made from
long staple cotton, was eliminated.
Senate Rale* Accepted
Senate rates on cotton cloth
were accepted generally with the
senate provision that in no rase
could the duty on such cloth ex
ceed 4 per cent. Also th?? senate
provision limiting the duty on cot
iten gloves to a maximum of 7.1
per cent. was\accepted but with
the addition of a minimum limita
tion of 40 per cent. Senate duties
on hose and half hose ranging from
30 per cent to 50 per cent, were
approved as was the duty of 4".
per cent, on knit cotton underwear
and all other knit wearing apparel
The duty on silk cloth was fixed
at 5.1 per cent, the senate ra+e.
while that on knit silk hose, half
hose, underwear and gloves was
fixed at r>0 per cent.
Slight reductions made in the
senate rates on cutlerv and shin
gles, which the house had proposed
to tax at 50 cents a thousand, were
retained on the free list. ,
Duties on medicines and compo
France and Italy Ac
cused of Having
Supplied Arms to
I London, Sept. 11.?Sweeping the
[Greek forces from Asia Minor in
'a whirlwind campaign lasting
; only two weeks, the Turkish Na
! rionalists under Mustapha Kemal
i Pasha -have won a great military
j victory, and at the same time at
I least, partly nullified the losses to
j their nation through the world
I of the gravest possibilities?one
j Thus is created a situation full
?demanding the immediate adoption
jof a united policy of Great Britain
i France and Italy?and such a pol
icy is far from existence, accord
ing to the view generally held here.
France and Italy are accused in
isome quarters of having not only
: encouraged the .Kemalists, but of
, having supplied them with arms
land munitions, although it is re
| ported now in the same circles that
they are becoming alarmed at the
! unexpected extent of the Turkish
j successes.
; Italy's concern is said to have
j been manifested in a freshly ex
j pressed desire for a preliminary
; to consider the situation, but this
! conferences of the allies at Venice
! finds no favo rin London, at any
! rate. <
I The press greets .with indica
j tions of alarm the big claims ad
I vanced by the Turkish represen
j tatives in Paris and Rome, while
; Soviet Russia's alleged desire to es
| tablish a Bolsevist-Kemalist al
J liance aimed at control of Con
stantinople and the straits of Dar
j danelles brings renewed demands
; that the neutrality of these be
.'maintained at all costs.
! Another cause of ^uneasiness here
iis the effect the Kemalists' victory
! is- having in India, where prayers
j for their success have been said
? daily in the mosques and every ad
j vance has been hailed with gh?e
jby the Mohammedans. The Daily
^Telegraph's Calcutta." correspondent
isays there., were', denominations; j
I illuminations and fireworks there
J Saturday night when news of
Smyrna's fall became known. -
? The position of the Greek gov
I ernment in the face of defeat also
iis attracting attention here. Athens
; dispatches tell of a recrudescence
j of the talk of. King Constantine's
jand the return to power of Veni
i zelos.
The popularity of the former
?second descent from the throne,
' premier is flaring again with the
dashing of Constantine's military
plans, and Greek soldiers reaching!
Piraeus from Smyrna marched j
?through'the streets of the port;
j shouting insult* to the king and j
demanding Venizelos* return. The j
[Greek newspapers are openly dis
I cussing the abdication of Constan
| tine.
I Meanwhile Venizelos is visiting
at St. Moritz, Switzerland, with
j his family, but plans to go to Paris^
I within a day or two,' to confer with
I political and personal friends, i
i While he refuses to discuss the j
j Greek situation, hs trends openly ;
j declare he is anticipating the pos- j
sibility of being recalled to power, j
Turks Holding Smyrna.
Smyrna, Sept. 11 (By the As
sociated Press)?Strong forces of]
: Turkish Nationalist infantry today
j were holding all strategic points
in the city. The troops are un- j
ider strict orders against indulgence j
i in excesses, the foreign representa
tives and military headquarters!
; have been informed by the Kemal- j
j 1st commander. Gen. Selah Eddin |
i Bey; He complained that the'
' Greeks had committed wholesale I
j devastations without military rea-j
; son:-, had said his men were show
: ing that they could make war in
a civilized manner,
j Entry of the iirst cavalry regi
j ment under Mursel Pasha was re
jceived with enthusiasm. This com
j mander's first act was to take
? steps to prevent further firing of
j revolvre shots and exploding of
j bombs by the enthusiastic Turkish
J residents of Smyrna. Refugees to
jtho numbe*- of 150,000 are here,
j having trailei ?t for days afoot,
j on donkeys and in carts, some
j crazed by famir*. Only those pro
J vided with money have been able
I to leave, obtaining passage at ex
i tortionate rates to the Ionian and
f other Creek i.vands.
j Southampton, Sept. 12. ? There
j was considerable loss of life
: when the German steamer Ham
?? nionia foundered off Vigo Satur
: day. Confirmation of this was ob
tained at 1.15 o'clock this morn
ing when the British steamer Kin
: fauns Castle docked here with 285
passengers^ and members of the
[crew of the Hammonia on board.
[ Capt. Day. commander of the
Kinfauns Castle, said the loss of
life possibly would reach eighty.'
Others on hoard estimated the dead
[ at 150.
nents of paints were fixed at gen
erally the levels approved by the
Few changes were made in the
free list as approved by the sen
iHKON, Established June U 1*66.
VOL, Lin. NO. 10.
Leaders ?relTnafafe to,
Control Republican
. Majority in Support
of Potash Dutv
* ?? * .
. .Washington, Sept. 13?Revolting,.,
against the action of the conferees" '
in writing back into the administra^-;-:
tion tariff bill a dye embargo li
censing provision and a duty 6J& .;
potash, the house late today sent^
that measure back to conference.^*
Its managers were instructed to.
accept the senate amendment re
pealing the existing dye embargo .
and placing potash on the free list.
Some Republican house leaders,-'
plainly surprised and disappointed^?
were pessimistic as to what tiieV\
ultimate result of the house ac- -
tion would* be. Representative
Mondell of Wyoming, the floor
leader, said he did not know wifipt-'
the outcomes would be, while Chair
man Fordney of the ways and;
means committee said it ?looked
doubtful whether there would be
a bill at- this Session of congress.
Chairman McCumber of the senatei
managers took a more optimistic
view, however, stating that the sen
ate would agree to another cpn^.
ference and that the differences
would be adjusted speedily.
The vote in the house was 177 to
1-30. 'with. 102 Republicans, 74
Democrats and the one Socialist*
voting in support of the motion by
Representative Garner (Democrat)
of -Texas to recommit and 126 Re-^.
publicans and four Democrats vot
ing, against it. The vote followed a
day of . parliamentary wia^ling
and sharp debate and announce-,,
ment of the result by Speaker Gil-*
lett was greeted by. applause pn:
>oth sides of the chamber and with*
loud cheers from many . or the
Republicans supporting the Gar
ler motion included Scott and Tay
lor, both of Tennessee.
Democrats voting against the
Garner motion were Campbell; df
Pennsylvania "and Favrot, X-a^aro
and Martin, all of Louisiana.
-M^i- of the Republicans, voting
for the Gamer motion are from
the Western agricultural state's an-5
New York, with a majority *of them
opposing both the dye embargo
provision and the duty on potash.
Other sections of the bill, however,
came in for sharp criticism from
the Republican side and some lead
ers regarded present sentiment in
the house as so divided as to make
doubtful the fate of the measure.
Apparently, the move by Repre*
sentatnje Garner, who is the rank?
ing Democrat on the committee
which framed the original tariff, to -8
nclude potash in his motion, to re
commit took the managers ?f ?fc3L>
bill by surprise.
In announcing that he would of
er the motion, ?lr. Garner de
clared, the-potash duty wasa rscan
dal" and charged that it had been
placed-m the bill "in order that
certain interests in the state of
Utah may have an opportunity, to
rob the farmers at the rate of-4,30
a ton for the potash they hold.**
He added that Republicans from:C
farming sections might- successfully
defend their vote for the bill withji
the dye embargo provision in it
but that they could not defend a
vote for a' duty on potash.
Chairman Fordney, in repjy, de-'
clared the potash duty was neces- .
sary to protect the industry built
up in Utah, California, Nebraska
and other staffs during the war.
Both the house and senate voted
out the dye embargo provision.but
the conferees, in considering the
specific section of the senate bill for
repeal of the existing embargo li
censing law, voted to continue 'the.
present act for one year with au
thority for the president to con
tinue it for an additional year
should he find that to be necessary
for the protection of the industry
which grew up in thiahcountry dur
ing the World war. .
? -?? - v . i
Next Governor of State is Loy
al Member of Asso
Columbia, Sept. 14?Thoma3 G. ?
McLeod, who was Tuesday nomi
nated fcr governor of South Caro
lina, is a loyal member of the South
Carolina Cotton Growers' Associa
tion and one of the most enthusias
tic supporters of the movement in
the state. He was vice-president of
the organization committee and
spoke in many cities of the.state
in the organization campaign. He
was the first pianter in Lee "county
to sign the contract.
Officials of the association said .
today, that hundreds of members
of the organization are turning old
cotton over to it. Under the terms
of the contract delivery of old cot
ton is optional, but many of me
members are taking the posiaion
that if cooperative marketing is '
good for the 1922 crop it is good
for the 1921 and 1920 crops.
Washington, Sept. 14.?Further
improvement in the condition of.
Mrs. Harding was reported today
by Brig. Gen. Sawyer, the White
House physician. She spent an.
excellent night.

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