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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, October 28, 1922, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1922-10-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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Andrew Bonar Law
Becomes Prime
? Minister of Great
Britain?New Cabi
net to Be Announc
t -
London, Oct- 23 (By the Asso
ciated Press).?Andrew v Bonar
Law today, in the traditional
phrase of the court circular "kiss- j
ed hands upon his appointment as]
prime minister and first lord of the |
treasury" and thus becomes Eng- j
land's first Canadian born pre-]
Today was devoted to the for
malities in a monarchiai country to
a ciiange in the government- The
king in the morning gave an aud
ience to and took formal leave of
the outgoing prime minister, Lloyd
George. Then came the Unionist
meeting in the afternoon when Bo
nar Law was unanimously elected
head of the party.
This was followed by an aud
ience at Buckingham palace,
when Bonar Law at the king's in
vitation undertook to form a new
I administration.
. The king will hold a privy coun
cil probably Wednesday, if the
prime minister has by then com
pleted his ministry for the swear
ing in of the' new ministers. The j
king will on the aqvice of the
prime minister proclaim the dis
solution of parliament Thursday
and according to, present arrange
ment, elections will be held Xo-J
vember 15.
Bonar Law is understood to
have his cabinet list almost com
pleted and it is expected it .will be
?nnouhced tomorrow. It is the
universal opinion that he succeeds
to a most difficult and onerous
task, and many misgivings . are
heard as to whether his health
win stand the inevitable strain,
bat he has made it quite clear.j
that if he finds his health unequal
t? the task he shall be allowed
^quietly JLq step?aeide,'?. : ? ?
"The 'situation Is unique in the
annals of Biitish politics, inasmuch
a? with only three weeks to th?;
election date, cone of the leaders
has yet announced his policy; each'
side appears to be waiting on the
other. Lloyd George's opponents
are making merry with the sug
gestion that the sword he an
nounced himself as brandishing
when he left London Saturday
must have been lost somewhere on
the way to Leeds.
The only real question before the
electorate is whether they wish to
be governed by a coalition. But
that can not properly be describ
ed as an election plank, because,
except in the quite unanticipated
result of a tremendous landslide in
favor of one particular party it is
almost certain no party will be re
turned strong enough to form a
government without the coopera
tion of some other party.
Bonar Law confirms that Ire
land is an agreed question and he
further intimated clearly and
irankly at the Unionists' meeting
today that tariff reforms or pro
tection would not form an' item of
his policy. And since Lloyd George
has announced himself as a free
trader this question can not come)
to the front as both the Liberal
and Labor parties are in favor of
free trade. The prime minister}
promises to define his policy in his
coming speech at Glasgow, but
judging from his remarks today it
will not be of an eventful charac
Previous to the breakdown of his
health, which forced him tempor
arily to retire from politics, Bo
nar Law was a very close friend
of Lloyd George and was identi
fied with the entire coalition pol
icy; it is therefore practically im
possible that'he can in any import
ant measure reverse this policy.!
Thus unless Lloyd George should i
take a strong turn in his policy. |
there will be little difference be-1
tween the policies of the two men.
The contest seems likely to be
one of personalities of men rath
er than measures so far as these!
two partses are concerned. The;
Free Liberals and the Laboritesj
have, of course, well defined poli-j
cies and according to present indi- j
cations are resolutely opposed toi
any cooperation with Lloyd George I
even should the former premier;
seek reconciliation with either of
them. .
The Labor!tes will resent the
fixing of the elections for mid-]
week and will represent the decis
ion as a deliberate intention of the
Unionist party to handicap the
workingmen voters. The Union
ists have two arguments against
delaying the elections until the fol
lowing Saturday. First, that a short
time is allowed for passing Irish j
legislation and. second, that the;
country dislikes a general election j
so near Christmas because it inter
feres with Christmas shopping. . If
the elections arc held on Xovem
ber 15. parliament will be able toj
reassemble on the 20th. but sev- j
eral days will be consumed in i
swearing in the members, electing1
the speaker and debating the re
ply to the king's speech which, it
is expected, will contain only one
legislative item, namely, the Irish
constitution. Thus there will be very
Wished April, 1850.
m. _
United States Invited
the Governments of
Central America to
Send Delegates to
the Conference in
"Washington. Oct. 23.?The Unit
ed States has invited the govern
ments of Guatemala, Nicaragua,
Honduras. Salvador and Costa
Rica to send plenipotentiaries to a
conference in Washington, begin
ning December 4, for- a discussion
of measures looking to the well
being of Central America, the "re
sults thereof to be embodied in a
treaty for the permanent regula
tion of their mutual interests and
relations." The state department
in making this announcement to
night said the American legations
at the capitals of the Central
American republics were instruct
ed October 21 to extend to the
presidents of those countries invi
tations to the conference.
The conference, it was explain
ed, was expected to negotiate
treaties making effective provis
ions of the treaties signed at
Washington, December 20. 1907,
"which experience has shown to
be effective in maintaining friend
ly relations and cooperation among
the Central American states." to
consider measures for the limita
tion of armaments in Central
America; to attempt the working
out of a plan for setting up trib
unals of inquiry for the adjust
ment of disputes under certain cir
cumstances between two or more
of the countries: and to take up
any other questions which it may
be desired unanimously to consid
Call for the conference * was is
sued as a result of the meeting on
August 20, last, of the presidents
of Nicaragua. Honduras and Sal
vador . on board the U. S- Tacoraa
in Fonseca bay, at the request of
the Nicaraguan government, look
ing to the establishment of more
peaceful relations between the
three countries and resulting in
the signing of an agreement ac
knowledging the general treaty of
peace and friendship signed at
Washington December 20. 1907, by
the five republics of Central Amer
ica as being in force between them.
It was stipulated in the agreement
that the Guatemalan and Costa
Rican governments would be ask
ed to adhere to it and that a pre
liminary conference will be called
in December to discuss further
measures looking to the well be
ing of Central America.
The Guatemalan and Costa Rican
governments thereupon stated that
they did not consider it neces
sary to adhere to the August 20
agreement as they regarded the
treaty of 1907 as still in force
and intended to abide by its pro
"This was most gratifying." the
state department announcement
said, "and opened the way to a
discussion of those further meas
ures which may be deemed neces
sary for the welfare of the five
republics. The governments of
Nicaragua, Honduras and Salvador
h?ve informally made known to the
department that, they would be
gratified if a conference could be
held in Washington in Decem
ber to this end. The department,
in pursuance of its policy of desir
ing by all means to cooperate in
the peace and welfare of this con
tinent, has been very* glad to issue
invitations to such a conference."
The text of the invitation fol
"The government of the United
States consequently takes pleasure
in inviting the governments of
Guatemala, Nicaragua. Honduras,
Salvador and Costa Rica to send
plenipotentiaries to Washington for
a conference to be held beginning
Monday, December 4, to discuss:
"1: The negotiation of a treaty
or treaties to make effective those
provisions of the treaties signed at
Washington on December 20, 1907,
which experience has shown to be
effective in maintaining friendly
relations and co-operation among
the Central American states.
"2. Measures whereby, in view
of the achievements accomplished
with regard to the limitation of
armaments by the powers parti
cipating in the Conference at Wash
ington in 1921. the Central Ameri
can state's may carry on this en
deavor and set an example to the
world and above all to the powers
of this hemisphere, by adopting
effective measures for the limita
tion of armament in Central
"3. The working out of a plan
for setting up tribunals of inquiry
whenever any disputes or questions
regarding the proposed treaty or
treaties, which can not be settled
by diplomatic means, shall unfor
tunately arise between any two
or more of the countries.
"4. Any other questions which
the countries represented at the
conference unanimously desire to
few days left to debate the Irish
bill, and the prime minister will
probably invite the house to pass
it practically without debate on an
agreed meausre.
"Be Just and Fear 1
? _
A Business M a n 's
Scathing Arraign-1
ment of the Admin
istration of Federal
Government By a
Band of Partisan
- . !
Greenville. Oct. 24. ? In a1
lengthy address before the an- j
nual meeting of the South Caro-!
lina Cotton Manufacturers' asso-1
ciation here today, United States!
Senator IST- B. Dial bitterly at
tacked the Republican administra- j
tion as a "bunch of office sellers \
and job hunters/' and declared j
that the people of the whole Unit
ed States are sick and tired of the!
pernicious politics being played in i
Washington by the party in power, j
During the two hour speech Sen- j
ator Dial'came back time and again 1
to his attacks-on the administra-,
tion. He declared that President J
Harding was a "good fellow" per-'
sonally. but was under the domi- J
nation of the congressional
The Republican majority in both
houses was trying to put it over on
the people and override the provis- j
ion of the constitution in order to
hold their power and get votes,'
the senator said.
He urged the.people.to rise up i
and dethrone the party that would
sell offices and give patronage to!
ithose who have committed crimes!
against the government and the
constitution. The junior senator
from South Carolina also attacked
what he declared were efforts byj
the Republicans to put the su
preme court under the control of
congress, and thereby make the1
constitution a mere scrap of paper.;
In referring to the judiciary, j
Senator Dial spoke of the recent
senatorial controversy over K. M.
Landis, commissioner of organized
baseball and until recently a Unit
ed States circuit judge. He de- ?
clared that he-had-"run a-certain
western judge off the bench."
The senator criticised President;
Harding's recent unemployment
conference as a gathering of the:
"disgruntled elements of every in- i
dustry. come to Washington to try
to make the government furnish j
them with jobs and a living."
"It is not the government's place j
to give work to anybody," declar
ed the senator. "In January,
1920, the congress appropriated
$400,000 to get employment for the
unemployed. Six months later you j
could not get any one to do anyj
kind of work for you. and six
months later than that we had
bread lines and soup kitchens all
over the country," he added.
Washington, he declared, was
crowded with incompetents, peo
ple who have failed in everything
else, come to get a fat government
job. He bitterly criticised the ship
ping board, and declared that it
was robbery to pay $35.000 a year
of the people's money to the men
"hired to run a few ships."
Switching his attacks to the ap
propriation of $20.000,000 made by
congress to supply food to the
starving Russians, Senator Dial de
clared that he would like to see
some public spirited citizen enjoin i
the treasury from making payments
on such appropriations which, he
said, were clearly against the con
stitution. Senator Dial declared
further that he would never con
sent to the cancellation of the Eu
ropean debts to the United States.
"It is high time for the United
States to quit being the r?basury
of the world. Europe must stop
coming to us with a hat in the
hand asking for money and must
go to work. , If we had gone into
the league of nations, as we
should have done, we would now
have some influence in European
affairs and could make them stop
fighting and go to work,", the sen
ator said.
After digesting long enough to
criticise the tariff bill of the Re
publican majority in congress as
pernicious and harmful to Ameri
can industry, the senator jumped
on the railroad labor board, de
claring it resembled a packed jury
in a criminal trial, with parties!
vitally interested sitting in the box-1
"The government has no business
mixing in the quarrels between the
railroads and their employees. It is
absurd 'to try to impose the same
conditions on the railroads in
South Carolina and those in Xew
Jersey, even if the government did
have the authority under the con
stitution to do it. That is just one
example of pernicious interfer
ieren? e by the government in bus
iness and industry.
"No more has the government
the right under the constitution to
fix the price which shall be
charged for any article sold. When j
Mr, Hoover started his fueJ
administration, I wrote him and
asked him for his authority to fix
prices or anything else. He side
stepped the issue, and then I took
it up in the senate, and Mr. Hoov
er's fuel administration came to an
abrupt end.
"Anyhow. I believe that the in
terests stirred up that coal strike
just so they can rob the consumer.
They?or somebody?have robbed
the coal consumer, and are rob
sot?Let all the ends Thon Aimsft a
Sumter, S. C, Saturdi
Anderson Man Whose
Parole Was Reyok-j
ed by Governor Re-j
leased by Order of j
? i
Anderson. Oc\ 24.?Reed Shaw. I
... : j
whose parole from the state pen- ,
itent'ary was revoked by Govern
or Harvey, is today a free man.
He was released from custody
when Judge Prince rendered his
decision at the habeas corpus pro
ceedings heard this morning, de
ciding in favor of the petitioner. I
Shaw. The decision of Judge
Prince is one of far reaching im- 1
portance and will likely affect sim- j
tlar cases in both this state and i
o'.her states. J
Judge Prince granted the orc>r.
upon two grounds: j
First, he declared that Governor j
Harvey has no authority to revoke j
a parole, especial.'y so without a (
hearing of the defendant.
Second, there was a. distinction
between a conditional pardon and i
a parole, numerous authorities in.
the state holding that the time a ?
convict is out on a conditional *pa-;
don is suspended and does not run.
But. in case of a parole, the pris- i
oner is released from service and
his sentence continues to run \fte j
same as if he were serving the |
time in the penitentiary.
Under the second ground r on'
which the decision was 'based. ?
Shaw's sentence expired long ?go. j
Judge Prince's decision releases [
Shaw and cancels the year and five ?
months' time which Governor Har- j
vey held he had yet to serve.*
Solicitor L.. W. Harris repre-'
sented Governor Harvey at the
habeas corpus proceedings and de- j
murred. His demurrer declared,
First, that the parole and rcvo-,
cation of parole in this case were I
both in the discretionary powers of;
the chief executive of the state of
South Carolina and that this
court is without power to review*
the proceedings. ? - .. ?
Second, that the petition shows
on its face that even if the de- j
fendant is entitled to his one-terifh j
time off, he has not yet served thet
remaining nine-tenths of the sen-]
tence. That in addition to the fore- i
going it is urged that the one- (
tenth time off for good behavior!
is not a matter of course but the J
convict must show he is entitled J
to same, which he has not done, f
The sheriff and solicitor made I
affidavist to the effect that they re- j
gard Shaw as one of tbc Zc&f. i
dangerous and violent men tri tne '
county. The state further con- !
tended that! Shaw has not kept the j
conditions of his parole, he having!
many charges against him now j
pending in the court of general {
sessions for Anderson county for!
violations of the criminal laws of j
the state, the demurrer declared. !
In absence of the official order!
of Judge Prince releasing Shaw.;
Governor Harvey would not make 1
a statement as to his probable j
course of action, but from his con- j
versation on the case yesterday
afternoon it is believed that he will
take some action. The governor'
expressed a great deal of sur-j
prise at the action of Judge
Prince and was at a loss to un-i
derstand how a judge could release j
a prisoner under the existing cir- j
cumstances- ,
The chief executive talked -over j
the telephone with Solicitor Har- j
ris and the solicitor told him he i
would do everything possible in |
representing the state. Mr. Har- |
ris forwarded the official papers j
last night and they will be on the
governor's desk today.
Governor Harvey was of the
opinion that the habeas corpus was I
a mere matter of form and that the]
judge could not possibly release |
Shaw, he having been advised to'
this effect. The parole was grant-1
ed by the executive and revoked!
by the executive and just where!
the judiciary comes in is a rather!
delicate problem to solve, it was.
talked generally yesterday after-!
Solicitor Harris said that in An- !
derson the action of Judge Prince
had caused surprise and was the !
general topic of conversation there.
Old King Coal has abdicated.
. - -? ? " :: '': ?- ? ' ? ' ?_I
bing him of about $8.000.000 a |
week, which is the advance in the!
price of coal."
Senator Dial told of the tights he
had made in the senate against!
various measures of the Republi-'
can party. He told how he had
attacked administration measures
as unconstitutional and how he
had called a meeting of Democratic
senators to assist i n defeating:'
some provisions of the tariff law
whirb would hjirt the south.
In the last half of his speech
Senator Dial launched an extreme- j
ly bitter attack on the presentment - \
ton law. declaring that the farm-1
ers and cotton growers of the
south were being robbed of mil
lions Of dollars every year by tin
speculators on the New York and
New Orleans cotton exchanges. He
reviewed at length his efforts in the
senate to amend the law and point
ed out the inequality and injus
tice of the contract provisions.
t be thy Country's, Thy God's and 1
ly, October 28, 1922_
Lord Curzon, One of
the Few Prominent
Coalition Ministers
to Retain Place in
the Cabinet
London, Oct. 24 (By the Associat
ed Press).?Premier Bonar Law to
night issued a list of the principal
members of his ministry. His own
name is not mentioned in the offi
cial list, which leaves it to be in
ferred that he takes no other of
fice than, that of prime minister
and first lord of the treasury, the
latter being a post without speci
fied duties beyond those attaching
to the premiership.
Marquis Curzon retains his post
as secretary for foreign affairs and
will be the leader of the house of
I#rds- Viscount Peel retains the
Indian secretaryship. Stanley
Baldwin, as expected, goes to the
exchequer, but it has not yet been
announced whether he will be
leader in the house of commons.
The Karl of Derby, at the war of
fice resumes a post which he has
held before. The prime minister
has the greatest difficulty with the
law offices. It is noticeable that
Lord Carson's name does not ap
pear in the new ministry. Vis
count Cave becoming lord high
Douglas McGarel Hogg, the new
attorney general, was formerly
closely associated with Lord Car
son. Hh? wife is the daughter of
Judge Trimble Brown of Nashville,
The cabinet was officially an
nounced this evening as follows:
Lord president of the council?
Marquis of Salisbury.
? Lord high chancellor?Viscount
TJhancellor of the exchequer?
Stanley Baldwin.
Secretary of home affairs?Wil
liam C. Bridgeman.
Secretary of foreign affairs?
Marquis Curzon.
Secretary for the coIonies-^-The
Djtke^pf Devonshire.
Secretary for India?Viscount
Secretary for war?The Earl of
First lord of the admiralty?
Lieut. Col. L. C. JA- S. Amery.
President of the board of trade?
Sir Phillip Lioyd-Greame.
Minister of health?Sir Arthur!
Minister of agriculture?Sir Rob
ert A. Sanders.
Secretajy for Scotland?Vis
count Novar.
Attorney-general ? Douglas Mc.
G. Hogg.
Lord advocate?Hon. W. A. Wat
President of the board of edu
cation?Edward F. L. Wood. M.
P. for the Ripon division of York
There are still a number of ap
pointments to be made, and it is
noticeable that the five offices held
under Premier Lloyd George by
Austen Chamberlain, H- A. L.
Fisher. T. J. MacNamara, Sir
Hamer Greenwood, and the Earl of
Crawford and Salcarres, who all
joined Lloyd George in the wilder
ness, are not yet filled. It is ex
pected the office of chief secretary
for Ireland will be abolished and
that the ministry of labor wrill be
merged into some other depart
The prime minister held his first
informal cabinet council of the
ministers already appointed at a
dinner given at his residence to
night to discuss general lines of
Election canvassing went into
full swing today.
The first and most important
thing is the fear animating the oth
er parties of the unknown quantity
in the labor vote of the electorate.
Labor has been by far the most
successful of the various parties
in all the .bye elections since the
elections of 191S: moreover, it is j
known that the Labor party is bet-i
ter organized for elections than on
any previous occasion and that it
will have a greater number of can- j
didates in the field than any other i
party except the Conservatives.
Hence there is considerable justi
fication for the apprehension en
te rtainod.
It is quite possible that this ap
prehension accounts for the second
notable tendency namely, the de
sire of the Conservatives to do ev
erything possible to avoid aeeen
tunating the cleavage in their
party. There is no doubt that Bo
nar Law still hopes for eventual
reconciliation with those Con
servative leaders who remained
faithful to Lyod George and the
real motive for the wish to heal!
the split in the party is the hope
of ?untering Labor's expected at
tack on property.
Perhaps the most notable event
of the day has been Reginald Mc- !
Kenna's frank support of the Bonar
Law administration. This must b*?
a tremendous disappointment] to
the Asquithian Liberals and is atj
the same time an enormous asset'
to the new administration.
Whether Mr. McKenna will re
turn to active political life in the
sense of joining the new admin
istration or becoming identified
with the Unionist party is still un
known, and probably depends on *
Two Brought to Hos
pital?Tell Story of
Attack on Highway
Florence. Oct. 24.?Two negroes
who gave their names as Jim White
and Henry Hennegan. were brought
to a Florence hospital this after
noon bearing the marks of a. severe
beating, which they alleged they re
ceived at the hands of white men
in the lower part of the county.
The negroes claim that a car in
which they were riding grazed the
fender of a car filled with white
men and the beating was the re
sult. They were suffering consid
erably from the effect of their
wounds when brought here. Whit3
and Hennegan allege they were
beaten with sticks and the butts of
pistols. When one of them start
ed to run, it is stated, he was
brought to a stop with a shot.
Magistrate Knight is investigating
the matter.
Sheriffs, Auditors and Treas
urers Meeting This Week
Columbia, Oct. 24.?About 150
members of the two associations,
the state organizations of sheriffs
and the organization of county au
ditors and treasurers, are expect
ed to attend the joint convention
of the two bodies here Wednes
day. Governor Harvey will be a
Several other important state
wide gatherings are to be held here
this week, including the associa
tion of Spanish-American War
Veterans; the state poultry asso
ciation, which will have its an
nual banquet Wednesday night:
the state Guernsey, association, and
Last year's law class of the Uni
versity is to have a reunion Th?rs
day, .with a gala program arrang
ed.. - v -: -
On Friday of this week the South
Carolina chapter of the American
association of engineers will have
its annual gathering, with promi
nent men from all parts of the
state attending.
Republican Appointee Likely
to Take Oath and Receive
Commission Today
Greenville, Oct. 24.?Joseph W
Tolbert, national committeeman of
the Republican party in South
Carolina, who wa3 recently given a
recess appointment as United
States marshal for the eastern
district of South Carolina, will very
probably be given his commission
and assume the office " tomorrow
morning. Plans had been made
by C. J. Lyon, present marshal, to
make a fight to keep Tolbert out of
the office, but it was understood
tonight that a compromise had
been reached and there wouid be
no further opposition to his tak
ing office. *>
Y. W. C. A.
Atlanta, Oct. ,25? Th*> views of
southern executives of Young Wo
men's Christian Association as to
tiie proposed abolition of national
conventions, and in favor of re
gional conventions, because of the
unweildness of the former are be
ing heard in today's session of the
Southern Regional Conference.
the course of future event-.
The motive of his new turn,
however, is the same as that ani
mating a.Il the other parties, as re
vealed in the rerent speeches *>f
the Asquifhian. or independent Lib
erals? fear of Socialism and the
nationalization of industry. The*e
is manifestly fear of the advent of
a Labor government, with attacks
on capital, in the shape of a levy
on capital, and upon private en
terprise, on trade and industry.
The speech delivered by Arthur
Henderson, one of the prominent
Labor leaders, last week, before it
was known that the coalition was
collapsing and a general election
was coming, has been largely re
sponsible for this development. In
his speech Mr. Henderson said that
"labor has declared war on private
enterprise."' and he made other
similar statements which it is
thought he would probably hav
toned down had he known an elec
tion was so near.
X\'i? li regard to the question of
protection Bonar Law, although he
is strongly in favor of tarifl re
form, is thought to be going slow
out of deference for the Earl ":
Derby, whose political strength lies
in Lancashire
The Asquith election manifesto
issued today is believed to dis
pose of any likelihood of a union
between the opposing forces. Th"
Lloyd George idea of creating a
new Center party seems not to be
making much progress.
I _
[Nine Tragedies Stand
Out as Dramatic)
Spectacles in News
o f America With
Women in Leading
) -
Chicago. Oct. 24.?Xine trage
dies stand out *s the dramatic
j spectacles in the news of America
; today and all them present wo
j men in the leading roles. They
?have setting in six different 'sec
tions of the country, in six sensa
? tional murder cases in various
J stages of trial. Another woman,
j "Peggy" Beal, won her freedom
I from the jury in Kansas City last
?night, a seventh, Madeline Oben
J chain, awaits her third trial in Los
j Angeles. The other cases includ-*
i ed. Los Angeles where Arthur
i Burch faces a third trial for mur
; der. a Los Angeles jury trial of
Mrs. Clara Phillips for murder,
i which is virtually completed: in
Philadelphia, Mrs. Catherine Ros
ier is accused of killing her hus
band: in New Brunswick, the Hall
Mills murder case, in Hackensack
X. J., George Cline and others arc ,
on trial for the murder of John
Bergen, actor.
Was Guest of Honor at Gov
ernor's Mansion Monday
- . . -
j Columbia. Oct. "4.?Several ex-?.
! goT/ernors and t'aeir wives were
j guests of C overnor and Mrs. "Wilson
G. Harvey, at the governor's man
sion last evening at a dinner party
;n honor of Mrs. Edith Vanderb:Vf.
! of Biltmore, X. C, who was the
capital's distinguished visitor for
the opening of the -state fair
With these distinguished ~gueaf"
were also Hon. Th?s.. G. "McLp'hI.
nominee for governor,,,_and Mrs.
McLeod, and R. M. Cooper, Jr..
president of the state fair ; asso
ciation, and Mrs. Cooper, togeth
i er with Miss Cornelia Vanderbftt
I Mrs- Vanderbilt-laid the corner
stone of the woman's building at
the state fair Monday afterncor..
She made an attractive address, m
which she paid a glowing tribute
to the womanhood of the south, ol
the Carolinas and of South Caro
lina, whom she says she has come
to love and admire. She paid high
tribute also to the management of
the state fair for the splendid pro
gram of the week. *
The state fair exceeds all otherv
of the past. The program has new
features which make it?the super
ior of any* heretofore staged. The
exhibits are the finest, the grounds j
look like new, the athletic events
I are par excellence, and the amu.se
1 ment features, free and otherwise.
: are far above the average of past
! years. Free circus acts and p?u>
[ pendous fireworks displays are
j night attractions,
j The Columbia-Greenville high
j school football game attracted a
large crowd today. A parade
'through the citj''s streets preceded
J the game. Thursday's athletic
! event, the game between Carolina
jand Clemson. is the outstanding
! football classic of the year in
i South Carolina. Friday the Caro
j Una freshmen meet Davidson s
j freshmen.
Wednesday is Confederate vcter
j ans and club boys day. Ringling j
I end Earnum & Bailey's circus is j
! an attraction at the fair for Fri
day. Professional auto races come
on Saturday.
J The railroads are all operating
? special trains. Columbia is filled
i with visitors. While the hotels arc
j handling thousands of visitors, the
I Chamber of Commerce has opened
i a bureau of information near the
j capitol. and a room registry is
i maintained. Many Columbians
; have ??pened their homes, and
: hundreds of visitors are being ac
commodated comfortably outside
j the business district.
i _________
Officers Pick Up Two Big
Touring Cars Near
i Columbia, Oct. 25.?Officers of
Xew Brokoland, the suburb of
i ? ojumbia across the Congaree. in
Lexington county, have under ar
rest four men and one woman.'
charged with transporting liquor.'
They were arrested as they passed
j through the town, headed for Co-j
lumbia. with large cargoes of hot-j
tled-in-bond. Thev were traveling
I from Savannah, northbound, and
the officers got wind of their ap-j
preach and were lying in wait. |
They traveled in two handsome1
[touring ears. Their cargoes 'otal- '
I cd 400 quarts.
Portland. Ore.. Oct. 25?One fire
man was killed and several injured
early today when the half million
dollar Washington High School
was destroyed by fire.
lHROX, Established .lone f; I?6?.
VOL. Lffl. NO. 22.
-? r-? ?
Investigation of Mass
acre of Non-Union
Coal Miners Ends
With Indictment of
Forty for Murder -
Marion. III.. Oc/. 23 (By the
Associated Press).?The spg^ial
grand jury, which today resumed
its investigation of the Herrin mine
killings after a month's recess, late
this afternoon returned an indict
ment for murder, naming 45 per
sons and announced it had com
pleted its work. This makes 4M
?rsons the grand jury has inducted
in connection with the rioting in
which 23 men were killed.
Circuit Judge Hartwell, before
"horn the indictment was return
ed, expressed the opinion that the
time till is illegal because it wa^
returned at the September term o'f
court, by a grand jury imjianneled
by the July term ofN court. State u
attorney De Los Duty expressed
an opposite opinion and stated he
would appeal, to the state supreme
"ourt if the indictments were ds
-iared Illegal.
Those indicted today - were
?harged with the death of Isnace
Kubinis, the 1aet victim of the
rioting to expire, who died since the
giahd jury took a temporary ad
journment 30:days ago. - Onby a few
witnesses were heard tcdsy and
they are ra'd to have told of
wounds mflicted oh Kubinis. whi^
are said to have .resulted in hv
In the total of .434 inj&ctmen/-.
77 individual persons are named.
;ome4?f the men having as" h;.gh
as nine indictments charging .mur>;
ler, rioting and' - assault - fac;ng
'hem. Twenty-one of the individ
uals are charged only with noting
and assault -leaving ?6 indicted fo
murder. Of the total number of In
dictments 215 are-for murder, -iG3
for assault and 116 for rioting.
"The ? legality" of final 48 indict
ments returned" tod?y may hot be
-decided until next-year, it was star
ed ?t^HfcWh^.^becanoe - j'^ .was. ?a3 &
there ^r^anTy* Would not be an -
opbnMunijty- to test the jury's p*?r
^eed'ags -until -ti*e tocnew^nts
roted.; today -are called for . trial,
which is not expected before ~ijiE?
All except a half doien- of the
indicted men either have been ar
rested or surrendered voluntarily.
The .missing, men . are said to l_be
unidentified or have fied the coun^
try. Bond-has been accepted for
all but eight of the men wno are
charged: with the more seriuos of
fenses and are lodged in j?il.
The first trial in connection
with the-riots is scheduled-;to begin
November 8 when 48 n*e?-chaKg
ed with the" murder of one "non
union worker are to be tried.
As to Temper
ance Vote
Lloyd George Candidates May
Get Support in Scotland
London. Oct. 23-?There-is strong
probability declares a. C?nt*1|I 9^"??
dispatch -from Kdinbargh^eodaf
that the Scottish temperance vote
which in 1ft 18 was cfe .splidl&tf.or
the coalition will be- cast*a* the
forthcoming .election in favor of
candidates -supporting MV
Oeorge. Leading temperance^ *er
ganizations are meeting, to diswus*
?.ne situation and many minor con
ferences already have passed reso
lutions in support of the rvturKing
prime minister.
The organization which h?rete
for had always supported individ
uals declaring themselves infavr>r
cf the temperance principles re
gardless of party alliance. -
If. the report is accurate, how
ever, it ;s estimated such an atti
tude by the Scottish temperance
voters would mean approximately
400.000 votes. judging from vi the
anti-license vote at the last elec
tion., ' . , ...
Columbia H e a 11 h Officer
Makes Discovery at Wavcr
ly School
Columbia, Oct. 25.?-Colujabia
city school and city health author
ities are , investigating the discov
ery made by the health board that
in the TVaverly school here certain
children have become "aspirin
fiends." Some drastic action is
likely to follow. Superintendent
Hand, of the school. system, has
issued an order that any children
found with aspirin oh their per
sons will be expelled., from the
schools. . . . -
A public health nurse made the
first discovery of the.aspirin adicts
among the children. - The health
authorities probe brought to Tight
that some of the children consume
many tablets a day. The young
sters eat it like candy, the health
authorities reported. Aspirin, ac
cording to the health authorities
here, is not a narcotic, though it is

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