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The watchman and southron. [volume] (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, December 16, 1922, Image 2

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Wednesday and Satur
\ day by
Ost<ifrn Publishing Com pan j,
j Sumter. S. C.
V Terms:
&2.00 jper annum-?in advance.
I Advertisements:
One Squjtre, first insertion ..$1.00
Every subsequent insertion .. .50
Contracts for three months or
longer wfil be made, at reduced
rates.
All "ewjtmanieatfoas wlucb sub
serve private interests will ye
charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of re
spect will be charged for.
The Sumter Watchman was
founded in'.1850 and the True
Southron in 1866. The Watchman
and 1 Southron now -has .the com
bined circulation :and influence of
both of the old papers, and is man-/
Ifesfly^the best advertising medium
in Sumter. ' .
-state highway bonds
Snmrer county has issued bonds j
in the sum of. $3,500.000 for the !
construction of a county system]
of paved highway, in which all of!
the principal public roads of the
county are included, the paved
highways radiating from the coun
ty seat to the county line. Every
rcad in this county that forms a
Piiri of the State highway system,
outlined by the State Highway De
partment, is included in the read
paving program of the Sumter
Permanent Highway Commission,
and these roads will be paid for
with the proceeds of the county
good reads bond issue of S2.500.-j
Thus we see the State highway^
system, insofar as Sumter county
is concerned, has been provided .for
and" "the cost of construction will.
be paid by 'Sumter county tax
payers. Now, if the plan to au
thorize a state bond issue of ?50,
OOO.OOO', to provide the funds to]
construct a statewide system of!
raved highway, is put, into effect j
Lhtire should be incorporated in the'
enabling, act a provision whereby!
Sumter county may be reimbursed,]
from the proceeds ot-^the State
good "roads bond issue, for ail the
moneys spent by the Sumter Coun
ty Permanent Highway Commission
tor uie construction of paved high
ways^ TlraT" are now, or may . be
hereafter, incorporated in*~the State
Highway System. If this is not
done. Sumter 'county .and' other
counties similarly circumstanced in '
? x; et to highway building, will
he-douWe* taxed for good roads.
wMch^axry reasonable man will
concede^-would be unjust. j
SumteT-^and Richland counties!
are leading" the State in the con
struction of permanent hard sur
face highways, and these great
public works are being paid by the
property--trwners of these counties,
v.ho have voluntarily assumed the1
burden jof^^rge issues of highway j
bonds. * There would be no justice
in "taxing these counties to buHd a
State highway system in other
counties-which have refused or
neglected to build good roads that
form links in the State highway
system,' Practically all Jhe consti
twx^^ets of the proposed State
high*>v^*srstem, lying' within the
botlnd^JT Sumter county, will have
l>ee,ni^gij^feted before this plan
to iscue* State bonds for road build
ing can be put into effect, conse
quently S>uintcr county cannot hope
to ?ierlve-any direct benefit from the
proi?osed good roads bond issue,
unless the'act authorizing the bonds
contains a provision to reimburse
Sumter^ county for. the cost of con
strue ion oi the sections of the
Stafc highway within this county.
Sumter county is just about as
progceftaii-e .and public spirited as
anyi otjiier ^county in th$ State, and
our? people are willing to do as
incN&?as the people of any other
JUST-* ?'?'?? ? j - ..
r i.jty for the welfare and up
building *qf -the State as a whole.
buFrrre speak advisedly when we
eay^CJ&rt Sumter county will never
agrefe ?o ;a State good roads bond
issd^t^the 'proceeds of which shall
be used-to build paved highways
in ceun?Je"$ ..that have refused to
tax tn*eTn^etves for this purpose,
while" this "county receives no part
of theT proceeds of the bonds.
;tme cotton problem
E^ght or ten or twelve years ago
the**Tarrners and business men of
th)s section were crying aloud in
financial,anguish that the country
was V ing'iutterly and irretrievably
ruineduisy7 the over production of
cottoa^^eetings were held here.
ther?^iOT everywhere to. formulate
P**#fe#^_ devise schemes to cur
tail^Jt^C? production and thereby
advaassU&S price to a point where
the^^gHtP^vf^ce would show a mar
gin^bovfexo^ t. The boll weevil has
. *> '
recently taken the place of over
production as the devil ihat men
aces farmers and dependent business
of the all cotton sections with fi
nancial run. The boll weevil is ad
mittedly a serious problem and a
sinister menace to the prosperity
of the South, but it is" only one
problem. The great problem is
the regulation of the production
of cotton so that the supply shall
not exceed the demand, and thereby
guarantee a price that will insure
a fair and legitimate profit on the
actual cost of production, this costv
be?ing figured to include fair inter
est on investment, legitimate over
head and a fair wage for all labor
engaged in the production of the
cotton erop. When this problem
is "correctly solved the South will
ch.ioy real prosperity, one year
after -another, not by fits
and starts. The. beginning of the
solution of the problem is in the
development of a rational system
of'diversified farming in which cot
ton growing shall have an import
ant place??s a surplus crop, al
ways saleable for 'cash; Almost
every farm in South. Carolina, if
not every farm without exception,
could be made to yield a living for
an average family of ordinary in-1
telligence and industry, without
any cotton being planted. That is
ja' proposition susceptible of dem
onstration and it has been demon
Istrated in numerous instances in
almost every county of the State.
I The destructive advent of the boll
weevil has merely magnified and
dramatized the reasonkblenss and
necessity of ? well balanced system
of diversified farming.
Under boll weevil conditions it is
not only unwiie, "but silly?really
suicidal?to continue the practice,
to which a majority of farmers
were slavi<*Iy addicted, of planting
twelve, fifteen or twenty acres?
land in extreme cases even more
than twenty acres?of cotton to the;
plow. The one-horse farm cannot
support the labor obsol?tely neces
sary to properly care for twelve to
! twenty acres of cotton * in boll
weevil infested territory. Nor can
the ten, twenty or" fifty plow plan
tation maintain the force of labor
ers essential to properly care for
twenty acrps of cotton to the plow;.
The boll weevil has rendered the
all cotton farming program absurd
and impossible. Cotton growing
| under boll weevil conditions neces
sitates limited acreage. . intensive
j cultivation and intelligent and
painstaking care- This forced cur
tailment ?f cotton acreage leaves
the larger part of the farm free to
&S utilized for' the production of
other crops that can. should and
must be made to provide a living, or
more than a living for those em
ployed. .'This much obtained from-i
the major part of the farm .would j
/leave the cotton produced op the
reduced cotton acreage as a sur
plus or profit. This is ail theory
jsome will say in derision. Of
; course, it is a theory, but is based'
[Upon the fundamental facts of
[economics and practice. It is ?
.theory that not a few farmers have
put into practice and attained inde
pendence and prosperity in the do
.ing. It is a theory, that, when
generally put. into practice, will
I solve both the problems that have
: harassed the cotton farmcrs and
kept them the * bond slaves of the
cotton speculators and the boll
: weevils?the' problems of over
production and boll weevil. Both!
?re^ primarily problems of exces-j
Sive cotton acreage and neglect of j
a rational system of diversified j
farming that would make each farm i
self sustaining and independent of
the machinations of cotton price
j manipulators and the . ravages of
j boll weevils.
TWO BLOC REFORMS
I Two proposals, at least, of those
j made by the new "progressive bloc"
j in Congress, might well receive the
approval of ail parties and all
classes of citizens. They are the
abolition of the electoral college
and the seating of a new Congress
promptly after its election.
The electoral college, which may!
have worked well enough in thej
early days, is seen now as a crude
device, for electing a president,
virtually obsolete in practice and
yet capable of abuse. No be dy pays
any attention to the "college" any
more. As soon as the votes of the
various states are known, the pub
lic knows who is to be the next oc
jcupant of the White House. Yet
I that small body of men. themselves
(picked by obscure party procedure
ja-nd their very names ignored in
the voting, have the legal right.
! when they assemble, to elect any
j Person they want to for president.
And there 13 always the possibility
of an awkward aoadlock such as
occurred half a century ago in the
Hayes-Tilden contest.
It is widely believed nowadays
that both president and congress
ought to take office much sooner
after election?say about the first
of the following year. ln any
event, it is plainly absurd that,
with present means of transporta
tion and pressure of public business.
a new Congress should not assume
office regularly until 13 months af
ter election, and even when called
Into special session at the earliest
possible moment, net until four
months afterward. Popular and
responsive government calls \ for
quicker action..
LAW BREAKERS
Dr. Barker in his lecture to men
Monday night made one point that
the patrons?both regular and oc
casional?of bootleggers should
soberly consider. He brought to
the attention of his audience most
forcibly the fact that the purchase
of liquor was an illegel act and a
direct and willful violation of the
Constitution of the ?nited States.
He emphasized this assertion and
drove home the unescapable con
clusion that the one who wilfully
disobe3'8 and violates the law is a
traitor to his government and his
country. Disrespect for law is out
standing menace to our government
and our civilization, he asserted, and
the men who support the boot
leggers and make their illegal traf
fic possible and profitable, are a:
greater menace to the safety of
society than the criminal element
that actively engage in the" making
and sale of booze. That was pretty
straight talk. What do the buy
ers of blockade bottled in bond
and Big Bay booze think about it?
A CHANCE FOR CONGRESS
The progress made by the spe
cial session of Congress is not
very promising for any great,
amounut of work to be accomplish
ed by this final regular session. The
very fact that the end of the term
Is so near makes constructive leg
islation a more, ferlorh hope. But.
the situation offers the law-mak-;
ers a great opportunity.
The men whose terms expire and
those who are to go on as members
of the next Congress would serve"
their country notably and them
selves individually and promote the
popularity of Congress as an- in
stitution if, in the next four
months, they would handle the
problems before them in ? spirit
commensurate with their import
ance and conduct themselves like
men whose honest aim is to earn
by work accomplished the salaries
tl.ey accept.
Toothing could go further to quiet
industrial-and social unrest and to
further prosperity in this country
than definite evidence of industry,
Stability and high purpose' instead
Pf political maneuvering and petty
controversy in congressional, halls.
A CHEERFCL SLOWNESS
As business improves and times
pick up, a little here, a little there,
the finance experts keep sending
out warnings. They seem afraid
that people are going to be dis
appointed with the tardiness of
the upward movement.
To sensible people', however, the
present march of business bears
with it no savor of discouragement.
Its ,very slowness carries cheer. It
seems so sure, so solid. It digs in
as it goes.
What nobody wants is a wild
boom, with inflated prices, unset
tled conditions and the nagging
uncertainty as to how soon the
bubble will burst. The best news
of all is that business is picking
up with conservatism and sanity.
THE STOCK MVIDEXDS
There is no blinking the wide
spread indignation aroused by the
bumper crop of stock dividends dis
; tributed lately by corporations.
The public has not been much
disposed to criticise the Supreme
Court for declaring such dividends
not subject to the income tax; the
court is presumed to have had
sufficient legal reasons for that de
cision. But morally, if not legally,
the smaller tax-payers on whom an
increasing burden falls seem to
consider the immunity of these ac
cumulations as indefensible and a
grievous wrong against them.
Here are surplus profits, they
argue, which normally would have
been distributed as cash dividends,
but which were withheld In order
to evade the excess profits tax. as
long as that tax was in force, and
withheld further until they were
pionounced frca from the income
tax. They are now distributed
without paying the government
arv tax whatever., when the in
comes of less prosperous corpora
tions and citizens are taxed with
grim certainty.
A large part of these profits, the
critics insist, properly belongs to
the government. Instead of going
to the government, it becomes new
fixed capital, which in turn will be
held to justify normal earnings and
become a sort of fixed charge
against the consuming public, with
out doing: the government any good.
No adequate answer seems to haye
been given to this criticism.
It may be that nothinz can be
done about that. It is being urg
c>i, however, that the existing law
provides for a tax of 25 per cent;
on the net income of corporations!
which accumulate profits "beyond
the reasonable needs of business,"
and that this law may apply to the
accumulations in question. Here
is at least a possibility worth' ex-'
ploring.
FREEDOM 0F THE STRAITS
Sor?ebody is going to command
the Turkish Straits. That is tool
important and troublesome a]
thoroughfare to be left long with--]
out a master. . If the conference of
powers at Lausanne does not es
tablish an official control of the
^reat sea thoroughfare, somebody .
will promptly come along, and
grab it.
The Straits can be dominated
either by land or by sea. The for
mer type of control has, been ex
ercised by Turkey in the past, and
proved to be ? huge misfortune to ,
the Allies and the world in gen
eral, in the last war. Turkey
would like to have the same con
trol again, and Russia, which could
boss Turkey, wants Turkey to have
iL Then either Turkey'or Russia
could stop outside traffic through^
the Dardanelles and the Bosporus;,
whenever they chose.
The Allies, particularly Great
Britain, want the land defensesi
abolished, as they were supposed to^
be in the recent Turkish treaty, and|
a naval control established, like'
that now exercised by the Allies, j
That, of course, would favor Great j
Britain, because she has the big
gest navy. Such control, however,]
v-ould be exercised nominally, at.
least, through the League of Na
tions or some other international,
body. * '
Such a solution, is. naturally pre-1
ferred by the United States govern
ment to the Turkish-Russian one,
as more conducive to American in- -
terests and. the peace of Europe.
A RUSSIAN GRAIN PUZZLE
The Soviet government of Russia]
is seeking the continuance ofj
American famine relief and at thej
same time preparing to export its.j
own grain to other countries, ttj
is a situation at once amusing and
perplexing. CoJ. Haskelh in
charge of the relief administration??
in Russia, is coming to,/talk the
matter over 'with' Secretary Hoover.!
The Russian harvest., this fall.
was very good in some areas. Inj
others it was very poor. It. might;
be expected that Russia would
equalize matters herself by ship-!
ping grain from the sources ot j
Abundance to districts where there
is need, but the government'has an-j
Other idea. It points out thatj
Russia needs many imports such;
as stock, farm fools, raw materials!
and factory supplies in order to
rehabilitate her broken industries.
The only thing she has with which'
to pay is grain. If the United!
States will kindly continue to send !
food supplies to the hungry peas-}
ants, then the Russians can ex
change the fruits of their own har
vest for the needed imports.
It is noted that most of the stuff
probably would be procured in
Germany. Without the imports, the
further collapse of Russia is said
to be near.
The proposal is at.once plausible
and insolent. As a scheme for
getting American help for Russian
and German rehabilitation, it is
craftily simple. Whether, consider
ing the expressed American disap
proval of Soviet policies, aid from
this nation will continue to be
forthcoming, is a question.
OTC&EN TALK
Prof. Garner, of monkey language
fame, was a mere beginner com
pared with the Rev. Dr. Fairbahk
B. Stockdale. of Bayside, L. I. Dr
Stockdale has never pursued lin
guistic researches in the African
jungle, but he says it isn't neces
sary. Anybody can study animal
and bird talk right at home. All
he needs for a start is a henhouse;
and if he has access to a farm- j
yard, he's rich in opportunities.
Chickens are Dr. Stockdale's!
specialty?not flappers, of course,
but just plain chickens of all ages!
and both sexes. From his flock he!
ha:; learned to distinguish and
interpret 21 different words, mere
j noises to others but a3 meaning
ful to him as human language. He
can teach anyone with a good ear
to converse familiarly with his
chickens.
All creatures have systems of
communication, he says, and it is
possible for a human being to form
an acquaintance and establish com
munication with almost any living
thing. He has taught chickens to
come when he whistled and spid
ers to crawl to his shoulder for
flies, and ho knows a trout that
coma's to the surface when a cer
tain human friend appears, recog
nizing the particular vibrations of
his feet.
Nothing really new in this idea.
Solomon, wisest of men. has long
credited with ability to talk to all
rnanenr of creatures. But that was
mere "myth" and "tradition". Thisj
is "science". ?? - ? ?
HIDDEN ARMS IN GERMANY.
Guns and small arms may be
hidden around Germany, as Mr.'
Clemenccau says. Possibly if:
a thorough search were made, an
impressive total of cannon, ma
shine guns, rifles, shells etc., would
be--found. It does not follow,
though that France or any other
country need get so excited about
ll as to fear an immediate invasion
from Germany.
. Every calm observer of condi
:ibns in Germany pronounces that
country utterly incapable of either
offensive or defensive warfare. It
s realized clearly enough in Paris
that if the French array advances
into the Ruhr in January, there
will be no opposition. Germany
canont help herself.
The arms referred to are wide
ly scattered and absurdly insuffi
cient to equip an army. Many if j
not most of the caches are private,
collections- .. What furtive manu
facture there is now cannot amount j
to much, with allied inspectors al
ways .on duty to see that the dis- j
arpiament terms of the peace
treaty are obeyed. "
In fact, disarmament is the one]
wax 'penalty that Germany has|
very nearly paid in full. If she!
had done as well with reparations, j
there would be little criticism.
That New York wife, husband
and stepson who have been sent
E^ach, to a different prison might
be considered among out best ceil
MJS-- ? o .v > ,-- ?> t.? n ?: ? ? ? .
(Furnished by Hedgpeth & Co.,
16 -lv2 .S. Math St.)
Morning Cotton Summary.
New York, Dec. 14.?Liverpool
?ue 7 to 12 .higher- Opened quiet
at 3 to 11 up.
" Spot cotton markets yesterday
were unchanged to 5.0 higher; sales j
14,1?7< bales, compared with 3.
6 5 9 . on Tuesday.
Memphis cotton ? merchants are
planning a new $500,000 compress
about -five miles; west of the city;
Cloth markets distinctly strong
er yesterday.' Mills very generally
firmer, in asking prices. Sales of
print ; cloths estimated at 100,0^0
pieces..
A. Paris cable says that France
will enter the Ruhr on January
15th; v
An- amicable agreement on the
question of cotton rates to Eu
rope/ was reached 'yesterday be
tween representatives of the North
Atlantic and Golf Steamship lines.
As a result of the agreement, cot
ton rates from North Atlantic ports
will.: be raised at once 3 cents per
100 pounds.
The" census bureau report on
November cotton supply and dis
tribution will be published at 10
o'clock this morning. Figures on
domestic consumption wiH com
pare, with 534,000 in October, 1922
arid ,with 527,000 in- November,
19.2L
Liverpool wheat opened firm at
1-2 to 3-4 up.
Special - cables say bears cover
ing* trade demand better, Man
chester more cheerful. Egyptian
market very quiet, with little do
ing. ""*? ' -v s :???>*? ""r
COTTON MARKET
NEW YOftK QOTTOft
a?. Open High Low Close Close
Ian:. ? - 25.43 25.69 23.40 25.57 25.35
Marcii .. _ 25.63 25.95 25.63 25.78 25.57
Kay .. 25.75 26.04 25.75 25.87 2*.57
July - - 25.55 25.74 25.48 25.61 25.26
Oct.. .. - 24.00 24.10 23,88 24.00 23.71
Dec. - 25.42 25.60 25.37 25.51 25.32
Spots 2fr up.v 23:75: :
NEW ORLEANS COTTON
? . , Yeetdra
Open Jfteh how Close Clow
Jar .. - 25.30 25.50 25.29 25.42 25.(6
March .. - 25.35 25.60 25.35 25.47 25.23
May ..- .25.30 25.55 25.29 25.41 25.19
July. 25.15 25.35 25.05 25.20 24.95
Oct. _ 23.71 23-74 23,57, 23.60 23.37
Dec. _ 25.45 25.58 25.45 25:49 25.2b
LIVERPOOL COTTON
January ._ .... 14.07
March. 13.92
May...,. 13.8a
July ..^ ?:._ .. ....... n.?-?
October .... ...... ?. 12.93
December . j. . 14.16
Receipts. 6,000: Sales. 3.0??: Middling
14.53: Good Middling. 14.63.
? m m
Marriage Licenses.
Colored: Albert Murray and
Ethel Hunter, of Sumter.
Israel Postell. of Siver and
lone E. Pack, of Sumter.
James Sims and Bessie Joe, of
Oswego.
Wesley Jones nad Henry Wild
er of Tindal.
Eddie Hudnal of Elliotts and
Lillian Myer of Oswego.
Cyrus Gadsdcn and Sarah
WiWer of Sumter.
Robert Rose and Richard Na
thaniel, of Sumter.
Charlie Thompson and Carrie
McDuffie, of Oswego.
R. M. Mahoney and Mahala
Wilson, Dalzeli.
They are discovering ways to do
everything faxt except slo^p fast.
CLEMENCE??
ON WILSON
Frenchman Tells of His Visit
to Former President
(By Ferdinand Tuohy, in the New
York World).
"Well, you want to know exactly
what happened?' he said. "Here
it is; *l stayed precisely fifteen
minutes. So you will agree we
hardly decided on a new Europe.
The meeting was of the most af
fectionate kind possible. We met
as old friends, upon whom com
mon adversity had descended, but
who had done their best."
"How did you find Mr. Wilson?"
I asked.
"But for his remaining seated
throughout,' replied Clemenceau,
"never once rising, . he was the
same Wilson I knew in Paris,'
slightly fatter, nothing else."
"The same voice?"
"Yes."
"The same manner?" .
"Yes."
"The same enthusiasm."
"Yes."
"The same habit of thought and
mind:?"
"Precisely."
"The same keenness of intel-1
lect?" .
."Absolutely.''
"Where were you received?" |
"In the study. We were all
alone. Mrs. Wilson remaining in]
an ante-room. .We laughed at old
memories and it was good to hear
that laugh again, and we talked of
personages past and present. All
the time Mr. Wilson showed him
self, to be thoroughly abreast of af
fairs but we could not say so very
much in fifteen minutes."
"But surely you mentioned the
fourteen points?"
"Yes, I did. and Wilson's face
lit up. He is a firm a believer in
their ultimate triumph now as he
was when he came to Paris. Where
was there such noble faith in
self?:-*- . ... ;.....'.
"And-he was so touched when
!? toM him that the chief round
Of applause at all my speeches
comes when I have occasion to
mention his name. You remem
ber?it was the same at Boston.
Chicago and St. Louis as in New
York.
. . "Make no mistake, the Ameri
cans .still love their Wilson. Why,
even this morning, at the War
College, you. remember, it. was the
same.", , ?,. . .
Chamber of
Commerce Note?
Facts About the Equipment of
the Ice Cream Factory
- The work necessary ?n the re
modelling of the building bought
for Sumter's new ice cream factory
is proeeeding satisfactorily. A
great many changes have to be
made like cementing of floors, wid
ening of the building; putting in of
electric power and light wiring and
fixtures, sewer and water connec
tions} brick .and; lumber work, etc.
/ This ice cream factory will have
a large and one of the mo3t modern
of refrigerating * plants, and about
thirty-five thousand dollars worth
of machinery, and other equipment
wHl be necessary, which together
with the cost of the building, which
was bought by the new company,
and improvements on building will
approximate fifty thousand dollars.
The fifty thousand dollars is all
outside capital, which was brought
into Sumter by Mr. L. A: Coming
and his associates through the ef
forts of the Sumter Chamber of
Commerce.- About twenty-five peo
ple will be employed in this new
plant to begin with and the num
bers of employees increased as
the business grows. In the mean
time quite a number of men are|
being given work in the remodel
ing of this building and the in
stallation of equipment, and much1
building material is being pur
chased in Sumter.
? A market will. be afforded for \
many thousands of gallons ofj
milk and other commodities neces-i
sary in a factory of this kind, the |
electric current used will prove, a j
good feeder for the Sumter electric
power plant, the gas company will
benefit, and other Sumter concerns
and many farmers will also be
benefited thereby. Sumter welcomes
Mr. Corning and his associates
and will give them hearty work
ing cooperation and ctfstom. Mr.
.Corning proposes to utilize Sumter
labor with one or two exceptions
in his plant and to purchase ev
erything he can in Sumter as he
is doing now where Sumter offers
the material for sale. Sumter la
bor is being used exclusively in the
remodeling of the building and in
the installation of all of the ma
chinery and other equipment.
Christmas Services at Statcburg.
On Sunday afternoon. Decem
ber 24th. at 3:30 o'clock, tihe choir
of the Church- of the Holy Cross
assisted by singers of Wedgefield.
will render a sacred cantata. "The
Herald Angels." in the church at
Stateburg, directed by Mrs. M.
P. Moore, organist. Rev. W. S.
Stoney. rector, will conduct the
services. The "public is cordially
invited to attend.
The condition of the Manning
avenue- crossing is such that re
pairs should be made as soon as
possible. Those who enter or
leave the city by way of Manning
avenue complain vigorously of the
rough going over the railroad
tracks.
It was the first night of a barn
storming troupe in a small wes
tern town, billed to play the re
mainder of the week.
The villain dragged the shinking
heroine down the stage to the
footlights, and in her ear hissed:
"We are alone?"
And from the meager audience
came a wearied growl: "Not to
night._ you ain't: but you will bo
tomorrow night."?Prospect.
TAKE GARE OF
THE ORCHARDS
_ i
r? ?^???
Time For First Spraying ef
Orchards is at Hand |
The time has arrived for giving: J
the peach orchards their . first
spraying with lime sulphur solu- j
tion. A second spraying should >
be given-them-about the middle
of Febrtlfry. Twelve barrels of
lime sulphur solution has been
purchased cooperatively, and there
is a supply in Sumter to take care
of the needs of Sumter county.
Where the borers have not been
removed, they should be looked ;
after at once.
A cooperative order of fruit
trees wiH arrive in Sumter about-1
the first of next week and those-J
who have placed orders should be-j.
on the lookout. I should like to;
see a good home 'orchard consist- :|
ing of thirty or forty fruit trees t
and fifteen or twenty grape vines
around every farm home. I be
lieve that this will help more to *
keep the l?oys and girls on the
farm than any other one thing. ;
Livestock on the farm of the '
proper kind is another factor in ;
keeping the boys on the farm. In !
g?ing over the country you will j
jfind many young ? men taking up !
where their parents left off in rais- J
ing live stock. Once a boy gets in ;
a habit of feeding live stock and i
watching their development, an.!
ambition is aroused to . produce .!
something better than has been !
produced in the ?ast. i
A greater effort will be put*
forth to make a crop, of cotton j
next year. We have had two. years ?
experience. trying to grow cotton }
.under boll weevil conditions, which I
should materially aid us. I feel j
confident that we can produce i.
two-thirds of a normal crop in i
Summer county or twenty-five to|;
thirty thousand bales with a sea
sonable or dry year. Surely acT
cording to the laws of -chance we
shall get a seasonable or'.dry year
next year. We have had two wet
seasons during the fatal period of
July and up to the middle of Aug
ust. I have seen some farmers
that have nearly all of their land
turned while others are making
no effort to ge,t an early start. If
two men were starting to run . a
race, the one with the best start
would nave a better chance of win
ning, other things being equal. I"
can. already pick the winners ;in
the fight to produce cotton next
year, that is among those who
have the same seasons.
j. Frank Williams,
County Agent.
-!-? > ? ? -
Now don't you wish you had
joined ? Xmas saving club / last
year. To our way of thinking the
Christmas savings elub is a mighty
good idea. There are a whole
flock of checks being mailed out at
the present writing to the mem
bers -of various clubs. '
This amount in total runs into
thousands of dollars; and . the
chances are that a very sniail part
of it would.<have been saved but
for the clubs. This money will be
spent to . a large extent in holiday
shopping going into circulation
among the local stores._* -'\ ??:
Grove's
GhUi
For Pale,i3eficateWome?
and Children. % i60c
Furjnaa and Wofford
Athletic Relations. Appear to
Be Strained
Spartanburg, Dec. 12.?Wofford
athletic authorities < are in the
dark, and Farm an athletic author;- -
ities are ?ilent :.n regard to r Suture
athletic relations between the two
institutions. .?' It is - rumored hi
Spartanburg that FurTnaa .ha? de
cided to drop Wofford from> fu^
ture schedules. No football" 'date
has been offered the institution
here for .1923 though the game
according to the custom that*&ere>
tofore . has obtained would be
played in Grecjrrille. W?JEordrs;
published basket ball- schedule
calls for games with Furman ori
January 12 and 17 while .Furra?tfr*s
published caging~ card lists the*e
two dates as "open." * These dates
were agreed upon, it is understood,
though nb contracts y had been
signed. . No denial orv aff rnaaaiion
was obtainable from Furman- ath
letic \ authorities tonight. Chatirr
man Hicks, of ^he Furman athletic
board answering the Herald's- in
quiry as follows: '?
"No statement to- give out in re
gard to Furman and- Wofford."
- Two incidents' iJi Contests be
tween Furman and -Wofford teams
in the last-year- are believed re
sponsible-for the-'situation-,.- Tb?"
burning- of Fur man's. colo*s, piaeed
on top of.a coffan following^ W**>- i
ford victory'in baseball laist^spnng
and trouble 'which developed on
the field dti*i*ig ^tfae - WofforoVFur
man footbasj ?g&me*; on November
18, when ?Wdehta' rushed?, on the
field foH?^&#-a*>p?ersonal; encount
er are^tbe* iftckients referred to.
One of om big q?lrtps~landed with
a Us: the'?^S^la?^bnt the-list was
not a wine list. " ? ?
woman in Boston went crazy
when her neW-^hirt?jarrived. It is
usually- the husband who does this.
. Tfcere never has been a case of
an American- who" remained- in
America; being jaited^ in Russia.
? . \ . -. . - ?,' ."' '-.
CHRISTMAS FRUIT-r-Place orders
now for Christmas trade. A., full .
lice at reasonable prices. Sum
te:- Produce Go. Warehouse on ?
Manning. Avenue Crossing, j^hone
WAITED?Several small tracts of
good pine, timber from 1-4' to 5
million feet. We also .pay ??sft .?
for N?. 1 pine logs 14 inches
and up in diameter delivered to
our new band, mill at Denmark.
S. C.: The -Ztclcgraf ' C%npany,
Denmark, S. C:
NOTICE, I
"We are in the market at all times for large or }
- - ;t?4orn ?: ,w;> ? :\ \
small quantities of pine logs and gfreen pme hoards, <
Write or phone ?s if you have any of this stock to J
offers \
Sumter Planing Mills & Lumber Co, %
?;: S?MTER, S. C. . J
FACTS WOBTHY OF YOUR
CONSroERATION
Our large Capital Steck and Surplus Indicate our Ability.
Large Loans and Discounts?our Liberality. -
Large Deposits?the Peoples* Satisfaction with our Service
and Confidence In bur Protection. - w
We oiler you our Service and Protection and want your
Account.
The National Bank of South Carolina
The Bank With the Chime Clock
C. G. Rowland, Pres. Eiarfe Rowland, CaaMer
TEN YEARS HENCE
WILL YOU BE PROSPERING in BUSINESS or
LOOKING FOR A JOB ?
IT DEPENDS ON WHETHER: OR NOT
YOU HAVE STARTED TO SAVE*
First National Bank of Sumter
Plow your cotton
.stalks in now.

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