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I THE HOUSEWIFE
Special Information Servloe. U. GOOD METHODS OF i Homemade Flreleaa Cooker, With Froi SATISFACTION^ FIRELESS COOKER easy 10 maice, ano will uive Good Results; Comparatively Inexpensive. NOT DIFFICULT TO OPERATE Housewife Will Readily See How Cheaper Cuts of Meat May Be Made Into Dishes That Are Most Appetising. A tireless cooker t? a great convenience In the home. The housewife who has never used one, and the family that has never eaten food prepared In one would he surprised at the satisfaction It gives. Food to be cooked In a tireless cooker shoald he heated or partially cooked over fire, then placed In the cooker. Because of the packing which Insnlatcs the cooker the heat Is held within, causing the food to cook Rlowly and well. The cooker reaulres little trouble. Is not difficult to operate, permits a saving of fuel, ,and enables the so-called cheaper cuts of meat to be made into a more nppetizlng dish than Is possible by the or- j <llnary cook-stove method of prepara- , tlon. ! A very satisfactory tireless cooker , can be made In the home at relatively slight expense. A tightly built box, old trunk, large butter tub or lard , firkin or tin, or large galvanized Iron ' bucket with a close-fitting cover may , be used. It should be lurge enough to , accommodate a cooking kettle of con- , venlent size to be placed in It, with h spnee of at least four Inches on all sides for packing material. The space ( for the cooking kettle Is known as ( the "nest," and for the sake of clean- ( Jlness and convenience should be lined , with metal and be a trltle larger than the kettle so the latter will fit In It easily. If an extra source of heat, such ( as a hot brick or plate, Is to be used, , ? metallic lining for the nest Is lm- , peratlve. For this purpose a galvnnlzed-lron or other metal bucket may be used. In case no hot plate Is to be used, the lining can be made of , strong cardboard. . For the packing and Insulating material a variety of substances may be used. Asbestos and mineral wool are , (good nnd have the additional advantage that they do not burn. Ground cork (such as Is used In packing Malaga gropes), hay, excelsior, Spanish moss, wool nnd crumpled paper mny also be used satisfactorily. Of the Inexpensive packing materials, crumpled paper Is probably the most satisfactory, since It Is clean nnd odorless . and, If properly packed, will hold the heat better than some of the others. To pnek the container with puper, ^1.. crunu nuiKit) biu^ui ox uewspnpor OPtween the hands. Pack a layer at Ipnat four inches deep very tightly over the bottom of the ontslde container. Stand tiie container for the cooking vessel, that la, the lining for the nest, in the center of thin layer nnd pack more crushed papers about It aa solidly as possible. If other packing, such as excelsior, hay or cork dost, Is used, ft should be packed In a similar way. Where an extra source of heat Is to be used. It Is much safer to pack the tireless cooker with some nontnflammable material, such as asbestos or mineral wood. A cheap nnd easily obtained substitute Is the small cinders sifted from coal ashes, preferably those from soft coal. If n fireproof pocking material fx not used a heavy pad of asbestos paper Should be put at the bottom of the metal nest and a sheet or two of asbestos paper should he placed between ths lining of the nest and the packing 4 I * AND THE WAR S. Department of AKitcMttrm. : COOKING FOODS fu |i Wr' *; Jj it Removed to 8how Construction, material. Whatever packing material la H nt. 1J iW. i -A ?r? uotu, IV OI1UUIU V.UIUC LU LUC lUy UJL the container for the kettle, and the box should lack aboot four Inches of being full. A cushion or pad must be provided to fill completely the space between the top of the packing and the cover of the box. This should be made of some heavy goods and stuffed with cotton, crumpled paper, or excels! or. The kettle which Ls to be plasefl iu the nest should be durable and free from seams or crevices. It Should have a tight, close-fitting cover which will prevent steam from escaping. Kettles made especially for use in flrelesc cookers can be bought. They are provided with covers which can be clamped on tightly. The stse of the kettle should be determined by the quantity of food to be cooked. Small amounts of food cannot be cooked satisfactorily in large kettles, and it Is therefore an advantage to have a cooker with compartments of two or more different sites. Kettles holding about six quarts are of convenient sine for general use. Tin kettles should not be used, for they are very apt to rust from the confined moisture. Knameled-ware kettles are satisfactory. Aluminum vessels may be purchased In shapes which make them especially well adapted for use in flreless cookers and, like enameled-ware, they do not rust. The food ls first heated and partly cooked In these kettles, then the kettle, with cover tightly closed, placed In the nest, the pud put on top, the ltd of the cooker closed and fastened securely, and the cooker left until ths food is thoroughly cooked. Cold, clean storage is Important for many cooked us well as raw foods. Moist vegetables, cooked frultR, moist made dishes like meat pie and similar 'lielw.o ~ 1I?U1 a J ? lioiicn me | id I I I* 111 II I I .V mlllltj IU K|WH nr sour unless given special care. Some food may become dangerous pven before it shows outward signs of decomposition. Always keep food in clean utensils and use it without unnecessary delay. Pantry shelves should be washed clean and then dried. The undue use r>f water should be avoided, as moisture encourages molding. Use Care With Canned Qoods. Once canned goods have been opened and exposed to the air they spoil an quickly. If not more quickly, than fresh food. The contents of a can should, therefore, he used without delay. In no event should they he left In the can after It has been opened, hut should he used at once unless the housekeeper wishes to "air" the canned material, which some believe is desirable. If this Is done, the can contents hIksiM be transferred to a clean earthen of glass dish and put away for an hour or two in a cool place where duwt will not reach It. Cereals and other food fboirid be kept In rHisr Jars or tin cans whenevef possible. This will keep rats, mice and vermin away. The mixing of warm, fresh cream with rold cream is never advisable, as the whole mass Is warmed thereby, and sonrlng will follow more qulcklyi Bits of damp newspaper scattered over the floor will binder dust from rising when the room Is swept. The wooden or linoleum-covered floor* at a nm>-ftC|>i HiinifU HIUI pBUTJ IMIVtWi very little (lust. Materials In Buttermilk. Buttermilk contains nearly ail tfcfl food materials found Ln whole milk at oept the butterfat Tt Is not stuff to throw away. Measure Dairy Suooaee. It is wA the gross Income but ttm net profits that measure the sueesss of the dairy bustnees. Plan to Reduce the Size Of The Garbage Pail (By Associated Press) Kokomo, Ind., Nov. 28?A movement which ,it is hoped here will become nation-wide, to break down some of the rules of table etiquette in [the interest of food cortservation has | been started by the women of Kokomo, who are interested in helping: Herjbert Hoover, national food administrator, reduce the size of the garbage noil TV.~ ~i? 1 41? ?l 4 I !>< ?. I'l.m lias itn; I'lium srHH IH J of Mrs. John E. Moore, president of the Indiana Federation of Women's Clubs ,and Mrs. Casper Butler, president of the Kokomo Franchise League and prominent in club circles. It is hoped to obtain the endorsement of hundreds of society women throughout the United States. "I most hedrtily favor a return to the old-fashioned ways of serving in these war times," said Mrs. Moore, *'33 a great saving of food. I believe we could conserve in every way _ ossible, even to the stirring of the sugar in our cups to save an additional spoonful. Let us return to the simple meals and the old economical ways of serving them." Here are some of the points over which Kokomo women have been pondering: First, the campaign for a "clean plate," would be, according to rules of polite society, a breach of table good form, for society has always taught that something should be left on the plate for "manner's sake." The remedy for this is a return to the old ways of serving, the customs of our great grandmothers when they used to place the steaming dishes ; of vegetables and meat on the "table ( and each member of the family was i allowed to help himself in proportion i to his capacity or liking for the dish, i Society has followed the rule that I one should not stir the sugar in his 1 coffee cup and has added an extra 1 spoonful or two of sugar. Uncle Sam wants that extra sugar now to help feed the Allies. Society also has a | rule that it is not polite at a dinner . to refuse any one of the chief dishes. I that very small helpings must be i made from every course. The diners i usually leave considerable portions | to be thrown into the garltT&ge can 'j which Mr. Hoover is trying to keep 1 empty. I , m i Kelton Dots. Kelton, S. (J* Nov, 27, 1-917.? The box supper which they had at the Kelly school house last Saturday night was a success. It was given by the High School pupils, with Miss Truluck as manager. A nico sum was realized, which amounted to $46.. We must commend Miss Truluck and her helpers on their strenuous efforts in trying to make it a success. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Bo wen, a reI turned missionary from Chinla,and children, spent from Friday until Sunday with friends and relatives at Kelton. . Mrs. Bowen made a very interesting talk at the Baptist Ladies Missionary Society Saturday afternoon. Also she and Mr. Bowen made talks to the Methodist Sunday school Sunday morning. These talks were very impressive and helpful, and made everyone that heard them catch a different vision of China, from what they had before. They showed where they need more missionaries. Mr. Leslie Sanders, who is a member of the hospital corps in Columbia, spent a few days last week with his mother, Mrs. Winnie Sanders. Miss Elizabeth Little, who is a student at G. W. C., spent a day or two last week with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. John M. Little. Mr. J. R. Langford has prone home on account of his ill state of health. Mr. L. G. Southard has been teaching in his place this week. Rev. J. I). Croft motored to Cepar Sprinprs this afternoon. Misses Sternberpr and Salley accompanied him to Spartanburpr. Miss Mabel Kelly, who is teacher for the McGowan school, opened herr school Monday morninpr. She is a good teacher and is doing splendid work. An old prentleman, named Mr. Parks was buried at Foster's Chapel yesterday morninpr. All of the Kelly teachers left this i afternoon for different places to spend Thanksgivinpr and the rest of the week. Mr. Butler Kelly of Kelly, killed a hopr Monday that weiprhed over f>00 i pounds. Who dares not say that is not : I a fine kill. ! I The ladies of the Howell school | community would like to know if the Red Cross has any knitting to do 1 now. They are very anxious to do #j | their bit. Mrs. Bessie Wood has prone "on anextended visit to her daughter, Mrs. r Dr. Wheeler in Columbia and also to 1 her sisters in Marlboro, i Tomorrow is Thanksgiving. What c > are you thankful for? Let us take ^ > time and thank God for all of his blessings He has given us during the year. "Wild Rose." 1 i m ( 1 A man isn't necessarily a crank be- i cause he is always starting something, i I AT The Banks Fow divided into eij Next Wedn These iarms are the tract and wi] Terms Next Wc Sale Automobiles wi will carry you o1 rsio These are amon^ ever offered at A location, absolut and Mosquitoes. Churches, Methc same distance fr Jone is one among the sides her Merca Banks, a large Ginneries, Cott( Electric Light PI imately) 2,000 ] ing of three han< School and abov A CLEA Now do the sens tion. You will ft day to show you Now Remember th r a i n' i i tree auio nines i Newbury I Selling Agents Hi Pipeline Being Laid on Austro-German Frontier Amsterdam, Netherlands, Oct. HO.? V pipeline 750 miles lonpr is about to >e laid, according to a German autonobile journal, between Ploesti, Kunania, and Oderberj?, on the Austro3erman frontier. This pipeline will :onvey oil direct from the Rumanian veils throughout the entire width of he Autsro-Hunprarian monarchy to he very door of the industrial disricts of German Silesia. At present, -ailroad freights run up the prices >f 90 marks for ten tons at the well nouth to. 3,000 marks at the German 'rontier. By the projected pipeline M AUCl ler Home Place 1 jhl (8) small farm SOLD AT AUCTION lesday, Decei cut with from 50 t 11 be sold for the hig] dnesday, Dec : Begins at 10:30 a, 11 meet all the moi ut to the grounds Fb w L_,is1 [ the most attracti oiction in South C; ely free from Malar T-r* - - ? W ltiiin one-halt )dist. Baptist and Pi om High School. svillc, ; best small towns mtile Establishmen! Cotton Mill, two 1 >n Seed Oil Mill a: ant, she has a popuk people all of whom t Isome Churches, a n e all lN citizi ible thing, investiga nd a man right on th the lines of each an e Date, Wednesday, Decembei Free Dinner and Fine Music Realty & Ai Home Office, the cost of transportation is to he reduced to only 50 marks for tha same 1 quantity. The estimated outlay for < constructing the line is fifteen million < marks. John Delevie in France i Mr. and Mrs. S. A. Delevie have ' received a card from their son John, ' written from "somewhere in France." simply statinp: that he had arrived and was well and would write soon. John went over with the engineers several weeks ago. Some men have the idea that to maintain their rights they must be perpetual groucftes. ????????a icw I has been subs and will be I nber >th o 100 Acres to h dollar on Easy i. 5, 1917 . m. ning trains and 1EE. ten ve small farms arolina. healthv ia, Chills, Fever I 3 mile of three I resbyterian and 1 S. C. in the State, be;s, she has two arge up-to-date nd a Municipal ition of (approxdelight in boast- $ lagnificent High | UNSHIP. te this proposi- 1 le grounds every I r] oi rnvTt rt4- R LVA V; V y lldtl, r 5th, 10:30 A. M. - Everybody Come lotion Go. Warsaw, N. C. Dr. Paul K. Switzer and Dr. O. Ij. P. Jackson are still occupying their >ffices over the Merchants and Plant?rs bank. "Visiting is an art," says an editorial in the June Woman's Home Companion. 4'To make people feel nt home in their own house when you are theer is, the highest point of uhman conduct." Do not forget that even "to work is to worship," so to be cheery is to worship also; and to be happy is the first step in being pious.?R. L. Stevenson. The things that money won't buy don't seem to worry anybody.?Kansas City Journal.