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VOLUME 0?NO. 48. ABBEVILLE C. II., SOUTII CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 1, 1859. WIIOL NUMBER 208
'for THE INDKl'KNDKNT I'UKSS J
INCIDENTS OF THE
to*" A MEMBER OF TIIR PALMETTO REGIMENT
March to Puebla Continued.
Colonel Wynkoop of the 1st Pennsylvania
Regiment, one of the most airti ve mid efficient,
officers in the Volunteer service wna stut ion< !
Sn garrison at Perote, with a competent force
'of foot and horse.
May 10th.?We resumed our ninrch at 10
in., G?-n. Worth's diviron having moved f0rWar.l
vc?t..r<lnv ?voniiiir. which throw ours n
"iay's march in the rear. But at no time we
were more than five hours npnrt, and ns we
arrived in the vicinity of I'uebln, the columns
became more closely apptoximated. Our Army
News is rife with intelligence respecting the
movements of our and the enemy's force?. Huidod
Are indigenous products of a camp, nn<l
what they start from, or how they ever jtart
at nil no one knows, and subsequently when
wo werii shut up in garrison, 2')(H) miles from
iliome, and there was no earthly oppurtur 'y
(for news to get either in or out of quarters, I
Alien heard more than I ever did before.
JEarly in the evening wo reachtd Salado.
which is also u military station, some ten miles
from Perote. We occupied as sleeping apartments
a number of horse stalls that were pretty
well filled with fleas. And I will state for
the gratification of the curious that the Mexieau
race of vermin are a size larger than our
own, and their 6ting is in proportion to their
: i ~i :-..i i,?,i
eonolusive ev idence. Wo are supplied with
water from a well 400 feet deep. The buckets
are drawn up by a rope and vertical windlass
turned by a mule. I estimated its depth by
the number of coils around the wheel, which I
judged to be five feet in diameter. A couple of
the natives were engaged all night in drawing
up a suflieient supply for otir consumption?
though they drew up as much as ten gallons
at a time. This will serve to convey some
idea of what an enormous amount of water is
requisite to water an army of men and brutes.
Tbe laborers were paid two dollars each for
their services which is a large sum of money
to a poor iiinn in this country.
Moruiug of the 11th.?We arc again cn route
overtUe same desolate looking landscape. This
Auction is called by tbe natives Mai Pais, and I
lieantily endorse the sentiment. No one can
?onceiv,c of a more monotonous, barren and
desolate region, and our hearts almost sank
within .us at the cheerless prospect. Not an
obieet Wft4 iii^rn ihlr* witliin tin* Rcnric of our !
t is ion. Not ey.en a withered shrub or distant
undulation, to base a hope upon. No renovating
ehower nor kindly dew had fallen upon
this dreary and parched desert for by-gone
months and perliaps years. And as we dragged
our sv.orjo and Buffering limbs ncro*R it,
time itself grew weary, and minutes seemed
lengthened into hours. And isoluted hills now
appeared in our front, and as we wound our
course more to its left, the cupulas and spires
of a distant town appeared in view, and which .
pointed out our quarters for the night. Almost
famislted for water, and exhausted with hunger
and fatigue, we halted for the night at the
.filthy town called Tspcyagnalco. We are supplied
with water from wells not exceeding ten
jfeet in depth. Our sleeping apartments were
.comfortless as those of last night. Some of the
.men a little more refined than others occupied
ithc commodious trough* an a hotter guarantee
against the annoyance of the fleas. But upon
.examination of their blankets, they discovered
.they had brought n good supply with them
/rom Salado. Tho inhabitants of Mexico are
/ound to dwell mostly iu large communities,
ithat they may afTord mutual protection to one
another, against the depredations of the lawless
.bands of desperados who infest the mountain
regions. The houses in all Mexico are constructed
similarly to fortifications. The openings
are all barricaded with iron bars, and
there is but one entrauce froiu the streets,
which is closed as occasion requires by a pair
of massive gates.
Morning of the 12th, we are ngain under
way at ^urly light. Two privates of Capt.
Williams' company named Werners, who were
brothers, were left in quarters, the one dead
and the other dvin<*. Tim tuition
faithfully to Imve tliem detcnUy interred, and
for which expected trouble they were paid in
cash, and thus a small portion of the surplus
State fund was very judiciously accounted for.
Subsequently we learned that the dying man
recovered through, the kindness and good
nursing of our landlady, and ultimately reached
bis .home in safety. I sincerely hope that he
did. Whatever may have been said derogatory
to the character of the Mexican women ; we
Jiave met with many redeeming traits in thcmf
and which would shed a virtuous lustre upon
?he sex in any community. The custom of society
here tolerates a certain looseness of mor
pis, and what may appear to us as unbecoming
i. .1 ?
|u vmci* w?'woniiui| mojr ure uui CODBCIOUS Of
?hem?elv6?. Allowances mast and should bo
pade, and to stigmatise the whole of them
pritb a lack of virtue is unjust and unfair.
fbia day's march will never be forgotten, so
long- a lumber of Gen. Quitman's Brigade
Jivea. - The heft is almost insupportable to the
filen an4 animals. Jf the remains of our men
^nd fiQTveO which periahcd on this and subsequent
marches, bad been collected together, the
f onto from Perote to Peubla, might have been
pavod wi^h; fheip . bones, #any of our poor
fellows liayo fallen, e*h?qited ar>d faiuting by
the wavaid?/ In addition to empty wagonc
which have been brongh^along for thaosa ol
the ^iolr, evefydi vision. i? furnished with one
pr two.4.tnbuUm?*, that intended for tb<
accommodation. of.,the Ofiioer^. They ?r?
something like> j ertey,,ligftt-fcod .oatamodiou9
?nd urtdrawn by foufjioriei., All t&iji, daj
otiri&ptoia^ .*ecaiaded of . funeral cortego,
jmdjtyirMty ? *Q>fdwaa exchanged fbr houra. tc
gather. An immenso canopy of dlfit horered
prqe our IId 0 01 mareo, nod so tU i ng do Wei upou
'the#?d<rfc>?Qi^Qi?D, ?H were fppewaity lev
|non(ji<^^jpUi?^3?% fif jr/brdk knd ikyoneU
fignji>?fc?otjr ampty o.arrteen* convey od the ida,
p<y*iv? reality, that U 'were>li^^Q<gM|
V) $9 rtfew?Mf^rog berertfi, ^ - W
, *< . ?'r
n*?i. . A J'- Vr
It was useless now to raise n cry about., wlio
had water to barter for n small chew of Tobno*
eo. Nothing but severe illness or positive inability
to walk entitled any private Soldier to
a berth in a hospital wagon. He might feign
both hut without effect, and it was hard indeed,
for those who were really sick to get to
ride. The men marched in double file, and
all of our company-ollicers who were on foot
with us, stuck to the ranks with praise worthy
spirit. They shared with us in our fatigues,
and bore mutually the privations incident to
the march, nnd when there was cause for
gcncrul complaint?they were the last to mani'
fest it. And this was cheering to the men
through mnny a trying day.
(ro BE CONTINUED. )
From the Wawrlu Afaaminr
BY JAMES VT. MC DEUMOTT.
"Dear me," said Fred Langdon, as he
tossed aside the stump of an old cigar and
leaned back reflectively in his easy chair,
"w!i it a sweet nuisance it is to be in love ;
j. j?itively all my affairs are going to ruin
and I am not able to prevent it. 'Twjis
only this morning that I endeavored lo figure
up soma neglected accounts, and had
to give it up in despair. You see, Ed,1'
continued he, more particularly addressing
his companion, who was composedly replenishing
tllf? rrrntu ivitli
" ? "<-?<
on very well at first, but presently I began
to think about Nellie, how she looked when
I last saw her, whether she was not vexed
about something when wo parted, and then
the figures began to multiply and disappear
until I had to commence over again, and
"Well, Fred, why don't you end it, and
know whether you are to be happy or miserable
for the futuie, at once?"
"I mean to; but, you sse; I'm so afraid
of a dismissal."
"O, bother ! you'd get over the effects of
it in a week. In my opinion it would be
the best thing that could happen. I've
been "through the mill, and, letine tell you
the more you show your love the more
women tyrannize; at first everything is
sweet, smiles for looking and kisses for ask
ing, but when the fair syren thinks you are
inextricably involved in the meshes of her
charms, a change at once comes o'er the
spirit of the dream, and you may discharge
a balloon full of sighs before you bring
down a single smile. Now just try this
new bratid ; push the spittoon a little nearer,
and I'll tell something that happened to
roe before I knew you ?"
"I shall be delighted, I'm sure," said
, Fred ; "but give us facts, Ed ; that is, don't
I Qnin rnnr ram trvrv litanulln ??? ? "
I J vuw Itbviuujr aa JUU piUCCUU.
| "I promise you I wont, you only listen !
| ?Ten years ago I was of your age, studying
with old Doctor Clark in New York,
and found it about as hard work to conquer
the hidden mysteries of medicine as
you diil yesterday to balance your accounts.
Yes, somehow, I'd got the idea into my
head that Emma Claverly was perfection ;
that a glance from her eyes eclipsed Venus,
and that a smile from her rosy inouth was
the fairest flower nature could offer to gaze
"Every spare hour found me hovering
around the little rose-embowered cottage
j in the extreme suburb* of the city, where
1 alia aiwl notni-nul 1 -- 1 1
iinwnmi iclltlivu lt?IMeU. 1
had the good fortune, as I then considered
it, to be acquainted with her papa, and
surely the infinity of snuft" I took, arid the
quantity of old fogyisra I discussed, to creep
into hi? good graces would have killed any
one but a lover.?Yet t don't believe the
dear old gentleman ever for a moment suspected
that I loved Emma. Be that, as it
may, he always went to sleep after the
second game of backgammon which I endeavored
to consummate with all decent
"Emma soon found out I was in love,
and I believe enjoyed it amazingly. Then |
I hail a great deal of fine sentiment clinging '
to me, and I remember, one evening departing
with the determination to stifle the lit
tie rascal who had so skillfully used me as a
tnrget, because Emma had played with the
kitteu the whole evening, to the entire exclusion
of everything else'; but the next
evening found me there again, and I could
see the sly little maiden's eves sparkle as
she enjoyed the sport.
"I assure you, Fred?confidentially, of
conrse ?I have often thought that'women
seldom love really; with them it seems
more a pleasure of triumphing over some
' .linforliinat-rt Komi until Ka ?? * - -
v?-?f??i ?f" u^uuiiicv iqo earn?
est to please longer, aqd then out the silken
1 bonds, oaring little wh?ther'there are other
, invisible bands that tiiqe aloga can Sever,
i However, to my story, '* T'
1 "One evening 1 foand I bad a rival In
; the fleld, a regular pink and cream looking
| lady-killer, wbo nursed a delicate ^raous,
t ioha j?qd imrn Real ate shirt boson), and the
firat hoiir of our flcquttintaooe, during &
? dificussion, patronizingly * called me my
"daftr boy" I made up my m*nd io. bring
L waHajv 0 ajbooa pf#ttr-?obi>? *t?d, wlj
the ne%t evening, being'dreesed to kill, took
[' tha.;ftara with .Uj6 - 6rW ^Urmw?aUofli- .fco
' ' wottira, and, if rfftfkd, \q do iK?flBh^
_v: h?mki ntfati- ? -> r? .mw i??w
| desperate; what that should be I had not
quite resolved on. I got there in due time
and found the fates propitious; Emma was
all alone, her papa having gone to see an
old friend, as sho demurely informed meSomehow
I never felt it so difficult to talk
as just, then, it was my first attempt in that
line, and therefore couldn't be wondered at.
I distinctly remember repeating three times
over what a d<-li<rhtful evening it wa*. which
nobody contradicted, and at length blunder
ed out a request for mv fair enslaver to accompany
me on a walk ; to this she replied,
shortly, in the negative. I then said that
I had somethiiur nartic.nliir to f(otriiriiiiiif?rtfr>
and that was tlio reason I wished her to
accompany me out. "Well, say it here,1
replied she. I took her at her word, with
a sort of nervous courage, ami commenced
to recite a well written declaration t I
had committed to memory for the occasion'
and almost half got through when I por
ccived her smiling. I tell you, Fred, I foil
more blood about my cranium just then,
than usii.-il, and I am afraid 1 finished rather
"I am taken so much by surprise, Mr.
Allen," said she, (I could swear the little
hypocrite had been expecting it for the last
month) that I really do not know what to
say." I implored her to say yes, but she was
perfectly obdurate, and the most I could
obtain that she would let tne know.
"Thus maiu- remained for a month or
two, and, evening ft?r evening, I asked
her to say yes, in fact I got quite in practice,
and from those first initiatory lessons
learned to do the matter up in proper style,
but all in vain. Emma would tell me not.
to tease her, and I'd go away more infatuated
than ever. Just then mv father whom
you know lives near Charleston, S. C., was
taken suddenly ill, and I received a letter
requesting my immediate attendance. A
steamer bailed on the following day, and I
got all ready, and then, bad as you may
think me for it, went to see Emma, resolved
on carryincr her consent bv a coim dc main.
But site defended tlio outposts gallantly,
and tl>e utmost I could obtain was a promise
to write if she resolved on a favorable
"I went, and the novelty of the journey
drove Emma a little out of my head.
When I arrived found my father fast recovering,
and in a week o> so was as well
as ever ; as I had not been home for years,
of course they made considerable of a fuss,
and, among other excitements, gave a party
for my especial benefit, to which the neighboring
chivalry and beauty were invited.
It was there I met Matilda Mcrton, and the
first glance of her eyes shattered the armor
that the visions of Emma had hitherto
clothed me with ; and when I came to
L-xssim o?.l ? :.l- 1-- T7 '
H.IUO RUM VUII'CIISC mill licr, i^lllllia 8 |)OWwas
"Weeks glided bv, and I had ceased entirely
to write to my former New York
enslaver, who had never replied to any of
my letters. Miss Mel ton engrossed the whole
of my thoughts, and, one morning, I was
not a little surprised by receiving a letter
from New York, evidently in Emma's hand
writing. To tell you the truth, I trembled
a little as I opened it, (perhaps with curiosity)
but my suspense was soon at an end ;
it merely contained the single word, "Yes,"
written in large letters, and, underneath,
the name ''Einma "
"Now. that lptlPr Rnino wonlo orm nrtft.l
- ' - ' * S"'
lmve cau?ed something of an excitement in
the way of a dozen dnrkies flying round to
pack up, <fcc., but, as it was, I lit a cigar
and bpgan to think how to answer it. Perhaps,
thought.I, if I were to go to N. Y.,
and see Emma, T should he as much in love
as ever, and then I should he happy ; but
stay, as my learned fried, Kate Fairchild
I would say, a non-committal letter meAns
nothing, and this only says yea, and may
be twisted into a thousand form.
"Just then my reverie was interrupted
by tho sound of a musical voice in the hall
and the next instant Miss Merton, in the
resplendent blaze of her beauty, passed the
open uoor, iiihi ueiermincfj mo at once,
and hazily seizing paper and pen I wrote
"No!" in ia. .'/ letters, scribbled my Chris
ti?n name al ihv bottom, rung the bell, anc
before I had recovered from the shock rd<
celled by the earthlv vision that had just
vanished, Sam was half way to the ^posl
office with the letter ; then I repented, am
jumped on somebody's nag, that stood al
the door, dashed after him ; but the blacl
rascal had been expeditious for once in hi
life, and when I reached within one bun
dred yards of the post office I met bin) re
turning witbra smiling countenance beam
lnff 'With ill a /innanianliAimnneii I---'
. WMWVIWIIMVUOIIVW VI Um
ing performed every thing right.
'"Tbrao days aftor I had the pleasure c
learning that ijis? Merlon had boon cn
gaged for ?')? troths t#* a lieuteij&Hi* %
pevy.. After, tbi^l departed wSlS^JM
soberly applied o t$jfrofawions
BtudjtM ; never s)>w |fom*.but onpe sfoc<
j and I hat pr as 'thednjf sfo V*| married
?tuf:feel ut^r that f woqidifot exohftog
, ijay aaUg, hachalbr obftdhjoiT to either t
I thrtn^ let'soo
i?ihi i* vai^aa?, i- v.'iiwiii
From thr /lichmond C/iristain Advocate.
Mr. Calhoun's Religious Views.
Wo published a short timo since a letter
on this subject, from the pen of Mr. Cralle,
and made some comments 011 the letter.
Two writers have already in opposition to
Mr. Cralle, and below will be found a letter
addressed to the editor on the same subject, j
The extracts from our comments are mi.seon- i
strned by Mr. Green ; they wero used, not j
hs our opinions of Mr. Calhoun's character, I
lint as arguments against Mr. Cralle's repre-1
scntations of it. * * * Mr. Cralle is
; not legitimate authority in suiting, the qties- !
' tion, and we inii>t look elsewhere for satisfactory
proof. In addition to the,two letters
referred ti above, Mr. Green shall now be
Washington, Fel?. 21st, 18">9.
To the Editor of the Christian Advocate :
I have read with much surprise and great
: regret, in the. Advocate of the 3rd Inst., Mr.
I ? I.UXI JWH. ?JII IIJV
. religious views of John C.Calhoun."
Von say "if Christian creeds arc curses t<>
the country, whv ?1 ici not Mr. Calhoun open
ly ami hoMly display his opposition to them ,
;us Mr. Cralle hns done ?" And again yon
say : "Was it profound policy,and consequently
(ho most culpable dishonesty, that
caused him to conceal his religious opinions
And again you say : "It may bo
replied, that Mr. Calhoun interfered with no
man's religious opinions. Granted ; but
Mr. Cralle has done it for him."
I beg yon to read Mr. Cralle's letter again,
and I am sure that, when you do so, you
will seo tli-it. Mr. Cralle does not pretend to I
a.-ty what Mr. Calhoun's religions opinions I
were. Mr. Gr ille ie a Sweed?-nborgian, ail en-'
thusiast, and in what ho says* of others, j
speaks for himself and not for Mr. Calhoun.
Llis disparagement of other religious sects
and their creeds is his own, not Mr. Calhoun's.
Indeed, he himself gives the most
palpable contradiction to the inference which
3*ou have drawn, as well as his own uneharitahlcncss,
hv quoting, as applicable to Mr.
Calhonn, "the language employed by the biographer
of Charles James Fox," to wit:?
'Though Mr. Fox was no formal religionist
vet the essence of religion, which centres in
charity, was the predominant sensation of
his heart. If religion consists in doing to
others as wo would they should do unto us
;r ;? i.no ? - ?
( .1 >>. tma flllj bUIIIICUllUII WILll ji IlUiy (ill*
I deavur to preserve peace on earth and good i
will among men-then we will venture to say
that Mr. Fox who i.ever inade any show of
religion, was, in fact, one of the most religious
inen of the age."
This is the description of Mr. Calhoun's
rc-ligion, as given by Mr. Cralle, and for the
truth of which, after ihe most intimate and
confidential relations with him on this
and all other subjects of' a personal character
for many years,I venture to bear witness
and to say, that no one ever heard him
utter one word to justify the language used
by Mr. Cralle, in tho proceeding part of
iii3 leuer, wiien no speaks tor himself, and
not for Mr. Calhoun. on the tenets and creeds
of Christian Churches.
I repeat, that for many years my relation*
to Mr. Calhoun were most intimate
and confidential ; thai his conversations with
me were unreserved, and that I do not rec.
ollect, nor do I believe, that lie ever at any
time uttered a word or expressed an opinion
that could be tutored into acquiescence with
the views or opinions indicated by Mr.CralleV
comments on the creeds of those Christians
who do not belong to the "Now Church," or
I have seen no man in or out of the
i Church more sensitive to puhlio opinion
than Mr. Calhoun, flo believed flint it wife
not enough to do right. He wished to avoid
the appearance of doing wrong. With
him religion was a reality between him and
his God. lie was unwilling that his re!i
gious opinions should become the stibji ~i
( of vulgar comment. No man is perfect, a.nl
, this may have been a weakness. A" wlu>
i have the honor of his intimate acquaintance
know, that in bis private conversations, he
t spoke of the Old and new Testament as the
. revealed word of God, and that his most
| forcible illustiationa of the principles of civ.
il Government were deduced, from the Bi;
ble, as the surest and best guide of human
I I repeat, that Mr. Cralle is an enthusiast
t ih all matters pertaining to his Otiurch. Ip
hift rtmivnrxtiotA'wn! li itih )ia lia/1 uiil innru
g than ooue, I was a believer, and ought to
be a member of the 4,New Church." It is
h no matter of surprise t hat in the frequent
conversations held with Mr, Calhoun, and
r in the reaped and confidence, mutual between
them, Mr. Orallo should persuade
^ himself that Mr. Calhoun wo^ra, if heoould
be induced to examine their creed, prefer
0 the 'New Ctuftyf)' jkf all othere. Jfcfl^aot
j for ratftto jtrdgefiia/ellow, Mr.Calhoun was
1 nolfcio tor ?a I do know, a member of afrjr
>, ChuToh ^ bfit know,tKatr dnrif}g \my long
i 3t)d i?tin)ate acquintnqce with him, he ne??,
0e, fti vtkf presence, uttered atrord tgabe dia?
I' pawgjem?ft wotfd
L jMrtJ tfci afiy- dwmionllon
Mjjl aSHtMB i'vii 't r i
I havo felt that this much was duo from
me, more in reply to your comment on Mr.
Crally's letter, than as a comment on that
letter itself?of which letter I can only express
my surprise and regret.
Died, at his own instance, about 12
o'clock last night, after a rule of three short
months. Winter, ago doubtful.
Deceased was admitted to have been a i
Cosmopolite, and exercised a considerable)
influence upon the habits, customs, and
feelings of everybody. In isolated eases Iiis
systems of government were much admired,
and by some his demise was deeply lamented
; but tlio mass of mankind will rejoico in
in his death, and hail with joy the inauguration
of his successor. In general, the deceased
was an unpleasant visitor?a hard,
stern master?exacting to the last degree?
cold without reserve?chilling, even in his
blandest smiles?rugged in his gentle approaches?with
a soured front a furrowed
face?he was not one to draw, by cords of
affection, the hearts of the people. Especially
was this the case when the mildness
k.'' 's early rule gave place to more o;>presa.vu
Among those who will be merry over liis
ieath, tlie poor and almost destitute occupy
no secondary position. In his rule over this
class the deceased was peculiarly despotic,
and even whilst many found it difficult to
obtain an amount of "wood and willies'" to
sustain life, there wero others who died
through want of them. Deceased, with his
other faults, was guilty of gross partiality?
like some of our great statesman he was
one thing to the north, and another to the
south?and treacherous to both. With
the north, he was in favor of internal im
provements, and often constructed bridges
across their rivers and streams; bridges
beautiful in their architecture, but only
seeming in strength and safety. With the
south he was lull of promises which were
never fulfilled. It is true, ho added occasionally,
and iu certain localities, to the
architectural beauty of dwellings, by attaching
crystal pendants to their roofs, but,
liku the glories of one of his sunsets, tliey
were transient, and vanished even with the
beholding. His memory will only live in
connection with the past accounts of commerce,
and stand as a dark spot in the history
of destitute humanity.?But he isgono
?clear gone. [This last very expressive
expression, iu italics, wo would have the
reader to understand, is not original, but
was selected with care from a largo pile of
It would bo proper to remark that immc
diately after the demise of Winter, a new
ruler took the reins?tlie infant Spring.?
Under his sway, we will expect a joyous
and happy time all round. The trees which
were stripped of their foliage by the chilling
breath of his predecessor, will soon be clad
again in beautiful green. Bright flowers
will delight the eye and shed a sweet perfume
from myriads of shrubs and plants. The
cheerful voice of gay songsters will be heard
warbling joyous music to gladden our hearts,
and earth will ba spread with a richer carpet
than the finest three-ply ever woven.
We arc in favor of the new administration,
and intend to do all in our powei to
support it. The ladies are all in our favor
to support it?to a man. Then, welcome
Spring, with all thy smiling verdure, singbirds,
pretty flowers, etc.
Brown low upon Endorsing Paper.?
The last Knoxville Whig contnins an editorial
article upon the common practice of endorsing
business notes, from which we clip
the following paragraph :
' For our part, \y? have but little of this
world's goods, and our endorsement is worth
nothing to any one. The business of enI
cii-isiug wehaveeutirely quit, and come what
may, we will endorse no more for any one,
as u matter of accommodation. We have
quit, too, for two good and sufficie nt reasons
First, we have either been sued for, 6r had
to pay, nearly all the notes we ever endorsed
for others ; and next, we have the vouchor,
to show that we have paid more security
debts than all we now have is worth in any
market. Under these circumstances, if any
one wishes to bear us say no wilb an emphasia,
let him ask us to endorse bis note I"
An Asthmatic a l Remark.?Hugot Arnott,
one day, while panting with the
asthma, was almost deafened by the noise
of a bawling fellow, telling oysters. "The
extravagant, rascal J" 8^id llugot: "he has
wanted idtWo seco as much breath a*
would have aervod me for 4 month."
Ej^ptiok Kahsas.?Goveroor Medsry liai
issued a proclamation for so election on" tin
fourth ? Monday ii) AJaroh, iu accordance witl
tho aot of tfie lastt Leg?l%vur?' providing Jai
for the formation of a Gqngtitatioo^l ?q<) St4ti
Government for Kansas. Throo montUkj^wi
danoa prior to th? Weofiom it 'i r?^o is^ta v
Tot*,;l A4i?n? b?V|qg dealared iataqf font'tcf-bf
"itotoja^HiUns, ajra qnidltftf; * '
m tmtiltim,?t ..^nur'.i .iiinin,
The Inebriate Asylum.
In an interesting pamphlet recently issued
by tho Hoard of Trustees, containing a
full account of all that hns been dono in
regard to the Inebriate Asylum, we find the
following sensible remarks, by Dr. J. E,
Turner, urging the propriety of an appropriation
for tho Asylum:
"It matters not how this disease may
have been induced,?whether by stimulants
prescribed for sickness, or by the encouragement
of parents; by the influence of social
friends, or gay associates; whether under
extenuating circumstances, or in full view
of the terrible penalty which this malady
inflicts on its victim,?the Slate is equally
bound to protect society against such outrages.
Tho innocent and tho virtuous should
not Oo exposed to lliu insane man, let the
cause of his insanity bo what it may. lie
should be taken to an asylum, to be controlled
and treated according to his disease.
All the laws and penalties which a State
ean enact against crime committed by the
inebriate will never prevent him, while at
large, from committing murder, arson and
theft, or from taking his own life. The experience
we have had upon this subject during
the past year alone, is enough to convinco
every enlightened mind that such a
policy endangers the life of every citizen,
and places in the hands of the insane man
the flaming torch of the incendiary. The
true policy of a government is to provent
crime rather than to punish it. Why, then,
should nur State allow its citizens to go at
j largo when tlicy have lost self-control, and
when experience shows that it is not compatible
with private and public safety for
them to remain at liberty ? Does the State
bring to life the murdered family, by simplv
going through the accustomed forms of
judicial procedure, in order to punish the
man fur what ho can scarcely bo held responsible,
or placc him aa a criminal at the
bar, when his testimony would not bo received
in tho witness-box, or find out too
late that ho really is a maniac, and send
him at last to an asylum as a criminal?
The only true and enlightened policy, then,
which experience points out and judgment
dictates, is for the Stato to provide an asylum
for this class of our insane. Every en
lightened citizen of our country will approve
of such a policy, and long will be remembered
tho administration which has
through its wisdom provided an asylum
where the inebriate can bo controlled and
treated ; and in which hie malady can be
cured,? a malady which is a disease in individuals,
a curse to families, a plague to
communities, and a destruction to races."
Effects of Tobacco on Students.?
Deep thinkers, who would draw upon resources
long laid up by hard study, who
would not again busy themselves in thumbing
over volumes that have already been
read, but who having once devoured them,
would make llie food their own, find much
originality amidst tlio fumes of a savoury
cheroot But students who would master
books, and remember their contents, who
would lay up in store clear ideas, should
never becloud themselves with smoke, nor
in any other way detract from the most energetic
application to the fulfillment of the
object in view. The satisfying effect of tobacco
on students is not calculated to promote
advancement, but to retard it. Under
its influence pages may be dreamed over
without being taken in.
Rf.inivn. Ivppn vnur vii>w nf men nn/1
r J -w .. w.
things extensive, and, depend upon it, that
a mixed knowledge is not a superficial one.
As far as it goes, the views that it gives are
true : but he who reads deeply in one class
of writers only, gets views which are almost
sure to be perverted, and which are
not only narrow, but false. Adjust your
proposed amount of reading to your time
and inclination?this is perfectly free to
every man?but whether that amount be
large or small, let it be varied in its kind,
and wholly varied. If I have a confident
opinion, or anv one point connected witli
the improvement of the human miod, it is
Mexico.?Should tho lutler succesi of the
Liberals over Miration's forces be follpwed bj
similar results in future engagements, ?f>y? tlu
New York Journnl of Commerce, tho aapec
of Mexican affairs will not uhlikely be s<
chAiigcd, that Mr. McLnne, our' Minister t<
that country, will feel authorized to recognin
the Juarez government, And treat wi(h it, ?
the government de facto of Mexico. The eyui
pathirs and good wUhw of the Uoited State
Arc decidedly with the Liberal*, and tb?r
would be much tatisfaction felt here qt thei
> Some year* ago a My died who wa
i. knowqvta hnve baon partial to genuim
> Jamaica, and orders were sent to the sex to
k to have the family vault opened to receir
the body* IJe did so, but Qadin^ it full, h
wrote back that the lady could dot be buri^
1 there , as there was no rum in the vaultf
?, An Irishman who bad returned from Iti
r iy, wherejija had been with
a asked, fn*he kitchen, Ye^, theq, pat, *hi
J is the 1a*a 1. bear about 1
- "OBIJ * dro^j^tlWi W? ?Hl'? V
MM-, I -|
Wasiiixoton, March 15.?The Cabinet bad
protracted session to day, and bad under con*
eideration the exhibit submitted by the Post
Office Department, It is very elaborate, and
covers n vast deal of ground, presenting thti
actual condition of tho department in all ita
ramifications, Thcro will be a deficiency, oa
the 30th of June, of four million throe hundred
After disoussing matters, and going tlirough
with a minute examination of the figures, tho
Cabinet were unanimous in opinion that an e^
tra session of Congress would be nceesanry.?
There aro other matters, howovor, that will
have to bo ooiididered, and the whole thing was
postponed until Thursday, when definite action
will bo had as to the time of oalling tho session*
The President at present favors the middle of
August, nnd il ia highly probable that will bo
the time fixed.
The Graud Jury found ft true bill to day
ngniust Mr. Sickles for murder. Tlicy hnd ft
long discussion in the jury room ns to what
ought to be done with Mr. Hutterworth, Wlmt
course tliov will pursuo is not known. Two o
them are known to be in favor of indicting
him ns purliccpa criminin.
The Secretary of State recently submitted to
the Attorney Gen oral the question whether tho
Chinese coolie trade, as carried on by American
ships, comes within the laws for the sup*
prcssion of the clave trade. The Attorney
General dccidc3 that it doc3 not within said
The gentleman whoso lips pressed a ladv'g
"snowy brow" did not catcli cold.
A needle will float, if carefully laid on
tho surfaoo of the water.
Every pound of oochinenl contains seven*
ty thousand inscots, boiled to death.
All the passions make us commit faults,
but lovo makes us guilty of the most ridU
Why cannot a deaf man bo legally oon?
victed ? Because it is not lawful to con*
demn a man without a hearing.
Absence destroys small passions, and in?
creases great ones; as the wind extinguishes rV
tapers, and kindles fire3.
The law of food is, that man should eat
what is good for him, at such times and ia
such quantities as nature requires,
The copyright of tho 6ong "My Pretty
Jane" was lately sold for five hundred
pounds sterling?forty pounds a line,
What did the feather, when it first sprouted,
sqy to tho duck ? I'm down ou yoii
this time, t
Tom Murphy has such excellent spirita
that he has 1ms only to drink water to intoxicate
It seems paradoxical, but it is neverthor
less true, that the latest intelligence- always
consists of tho earliest news.
The Ladies' Plague.?"Burn the crino?
line!"?"Yes, my dear, 'tis all very well to -jjfjfc
say, burn the crinoline ; but suppose you
are iu it?" . JWasted.?X
pair of scissors to cut a
caper. The pot in which a patriot's blood
boiled. Tho address of tho confectioner
who makes "trifles light as air." And, 3
short olub broken off the square roQt, . _
A well-known author once wrote an ar? V
tide in "Dlaekwood," signed "A- S." "Tutln '
?.:.i t 11 ? ?
sniu duiiuiu, uii icuuniij ii|u iiiitiaia wuttb
pity he will toll only two*tbirds of tba
truth J" v
An outside passenger on a coach had hi*
hat blown over a bridgo into the stream,
"True to nature," said a gentleman who witti.
seated beside him, "a beaver naturally takeq
to the water."
There are, around iis?, thousands and
, thousands of homes, all tho chambers .of
which aro rpadc darly or cheerless for lack of
i the "small, sweet courtesies" of life, bq
, cheaply given, and so magical in their eft
1 The practice and principle of insurance i%
' of rrrnnt, antinuitv. ami was well known in
0-_ J -" ? - ?
1 the time of Claudius Caisar, a. d. 43. It iq
1 certain that assurance of ships at sea wa?,
practised as early as the year 45 a., d.
\ A Good Suqqkstjqn.?The attention pf
, the French authorities having been called
i to the frequent outrages on unprotected
> females travelling by railway, they have in
I contemplation, it ifi said, tp compel all tha
a companies, to have in every train carriages
' of each class into which only fetqalet shall
r "Mamma," said a yontjg lady to her
mother, other day, "what is emigre*
9 ting ?"?^migrating, dear, is a youijg Yadj>.'
a1 going to is colonizing,
II m?roma'f?"Colqniamg, dear, is marry,
a inor thnre. and hftvinefTlfflm il V."-?"Matbdfea.
a I should like to go to A<j*traHaj'V . '*
a *?'* - .. ' ' 'j
* SJSftfay.-fe considered an unfortunate n>?rry' 'ing,
raSoth, A-.young. girV^a# aaked,
t? long sinc^, to unite hers&if to ft lover who
V nn med May in bia propoSals.^W iad^^^
>t that May wwuolucky.
* Ihdn,* replied the win,
?- her eyea, aod . with a bltlsh, sha , <
<4Wo?ld not Apfjy o M volli" ?v*^^Tr?