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THE EUROPEAN WAR?ITS ORIGIN.
Thrno yt-ars ago, with sanction of Louis
Vnpoleon and un?ler hi* direction, n secret revolutionary
organization wa* set on foot by llio
Sardinian government. at Turin. Its object
was two-fold?tir*t, to itupersede the party ol
Jlnrzini, which, thouiih \meful in its day in
keeping alive tho spark of liberty throughout
the land, was now in tho way of practical freedom;
and secondly, to overthrow the dominion
of Austria in Italy, by directing tho revolutionary
element ngainst it, but keeping it. back till
the opportune moment arrived. How that
-wns cnpciea may be seen by reading the letter
to which we refer. It is very evident that the
Sardinian government knew what it was about
when it accepted the challenge of Austria. A
loiter from Count Cavour to an Italian gentleman
in this city, shows what confidence that
government has in tho people of Italy being
with it in this (struggle. It wants no men?it
ha* abundance of the military element?it only
And Louis Nnpoleon knew exactly wher? he
atood when he issued his revolutionary manifesto
declaring in favor of the independence ol
nationnlties. nnd intimating thnt Austria must
be driven back beyond the Adriatic. He has
ecizrd tlio electricity of the revolutionary element
in Europe, nod. conducting it away from
bis own throDe, he hns directed it againFt Austria.
At tho same time he clip* the wings ol
her englo, ei ipples her growing power, which
had become menacing to France, and taken
ravengo both for himxelf and llucsia for the
double part which Austria played in her diplomacy
nt tho outbreak of tho Crimean war.
By h.s influence in closing that war in a way
satisfactory to Alexander, and using Englnnd
as o cntspaw to further his design*, he made
the Russian Emperor his friend, andthev have
understood each other ever since. The morrifl?e
of Prince Napoleon with the Princess
C-lothilde. of Sardinia, was only a link in the
chain <>f diplomatic nnd political events, all
planned beforehand hy the master nund of the
ruler of Fiance, and virtually now the ruler of
Europe. lie appears to have cast his all upon
r (ingle throw of the dice; hut. it is not so.
The ^rarnc in in In* hands. In poing into this
war he win regarded, a (.hort timo ago, as a
"madman" hy some Britieh statesmen and by
London journals which claim great credit for
far-sceinc ?ac?city. But he has out goneralled
avery government in Furope, and he stands today
the ftrongest of its monarchs and the real
arbiter of its fate. Ilis great uncle, after hit
fall, in commenting on the ingratitude of the
kings and emperors ol F.nrope, remarked in the
bitterness of his soul, thai if he had 011I3' put
on the 'bonnet, rouge," ho could have overturned
ever}' throne in Europe. The nephew
lias taken the hint. lie has not exactly put o(
the cap of red republicanism, but he holds the
revolutionary element in the hollow of hit
lianH -h.. r'ir",.. 1,r..-ir. ?1.:_I_.:_-1 ?J j:
recta the storm."
yupolnon I. wim hut twenty six yoara old
when appointed to the command of the armj
of Italy. Before he had entered upon lii<
twenty seventh he had win the battles oi
Monte Notte, Millesitno and Mondovi; forced
tho terrible pa?.?n!ioof the liridee of Lodi, en
tered Milan in tiinmph , seized upon the greal
iron crown of Lombnrdy, though not yel
Clowned; driven the Austrians out of Mnntuo;
beaten tho Tyrol tfirmy of Wurms at Castiglione;
forced f'nrmn, Modeno, Rome and even
Naples. into Mibmusk'n; in fine, reduced nil
Italy, from the Alp# to the I'apal dominions,
under his sway. Ana his army numbered hut
35.000 men, nud thoic poorly olotbe-l and baa
Napoleon III. enters the same prand battlefield
in his 55d y<*ar. He has no personal ex
perienc.e, but is supported hy well tried veto
nun ui i mi aicennn am i;rimenn wars?I'elis
ier, MeMahon, Rnndon, Ncill. Onnrobert, Caa
tellam, Mapnnn, Bnraztiay <1*11 illiers?and, foi
active offensive war. the fined army in Europe
the largest, most individual in cliarnctpr, mo?'
ambitious, best disciplined And bent equipped
lie hn?, however, himself n large and valnabh
theoretical knowledge of the art of wnr.?
There i6 no mnn probably living who has rear
more, thought more, or written more on mili
tary subjects than Napoleon III. Several o
his treaties are, wo believe, tho standard worki
in Europe in the departments of the science o
which they trent. lie has also been, from hii
yout^i, a rnrefnl nnd sacncions observer of military
affairs throughout the world?of th<
two grout Algerian and Crimean war* in particular.
the operations of the first of which
since his Accession, nnd of tho last from tin
beginning, ho has the credit of conducting.
Napoleon I. was young. l>ut a mera atrip
ling; Napoleon III. is in the vigor of maturi
manhood. This whs studious, virtuous, tem
perale even to abstemiousness, unknown, with
out money nnd without friends; the other is i
riotous liver, lascivious, commands money fl"i
friends without numher, end fills the worl<
with his name. This was open, frank, sincere
full of sympathy with his men, wi^i whom In
lived on tho mo6t familiar term?, sharing thei
loys andsorrow9 nnd dangers, imparting then
bin plans and designs, even his inmost thought
the other is cold, distant, reticent to a proverb
imparting his counsels to none, hardly lettini
his left hnud know what his right hand doeth
and familiar with none. Napoleon I., in fin
was still in th? fire of youth, active, enttrpri
inp. ana a man ol geniup, indeed, from th
promptings of which he always acted; Nape
Jeon III. is paet the middle age : inactive, hu
mature in judgment, upon which, and upon hi
theoretical knowledge, hehasalono to run th
parallel of their raspective caracrs.?N. t
Providential Eao*pr.?Yesterday as Dr. F
W. Gihhca at.ri Mr M W >--?
wer? riding in an open btiggy, at the foot c
Start's Hill, a pair of hordes in a wagon be
longing to Mr. Henry Dhvw, close behinr
bM?m? frightened and ran off. Di
Gihbes hearing a noise, turned to see what wa
tb? matter, when the tongue of the waggo
mt driven with great violence again at th
bui-gy striking Mr. Brown in the back?one t
the horses actually reared upon the buggy an
truck it uitb his forefeet. In the collision th
boggy was upset and a wheel knocked off. Mi
Brown falling under the wheels of the wagor
Vr. Uibbes'ii horses rnn off. and be fell and be
came wedged between the fore asla and th
spring, but he bad presence of mind to call t
the horse* ond jerk the reins when the well
trained onimxls slopped suddenly, and thi
, probably, his life was saved. His bruises ai
We regret to say that Mr. Brown's injuri?
re more serious. He has several severe cui
upon bis head, and the force of the wago
tongue upon hie left shoulder blade, caused
violent confusiou. It was at first feu red thi
the boue was broken. lie wan immediatel
token to' the house of Mr. Randolph in tl
vicinity, where he received^ihe kindest assist
ance and as soon as his wounds wero dresse
ha was removed lo the residence ofcDr. Gihb
where everything that the kindness of frienc
ship > can suggest will be extended to him.
The sjmpaihy of the whole community
with him and his esteemed lady, and we tru
he will aoon be able to resume hia valueb
Shcatob. Cling van Abroad.?A forergn co.
respondent of the New York Tribune say*:
"Mr. Cliugtpan who arrived in England I
the Arabia on the 2d instaut, suffered so niui
from S4S-sickneM, that he has been exceeding
feeble eince bia landing, and he informed n
that he atill constantly experiences a nnu?
resembling that produced by the motion of
etoel.- Not a little discomfited was tho Seni
ter on arriving at Paris. lie had procun
from Mr. Com despatches for minister Maso
in the confident expectation of pasaing throaf
tlte customs auannoyedi On arriving at t!
Paris station bo remarks/1 to bio eompagnon <
roytg#, 111 wait wtnle they examine yo
tmw, wliksb, T ioppo*, will require a comi
rtMe time." Tfce donanier, however mere
pened *ad shut Mr. H.'a truuka, wftiie I
Clingm^ suffered the vexation of seeing 1
?a baggage ransacked, almost every arti<
Mag dragged from hia Irunk. The great di
ptub. with ita ocean of sealing-wax, lyii
?Uatatw?iv at the top of the honorable g*
tleaalTa pack tag, only served to whet the e
riosHy ?r the W>fi?iow oftbe ?us to me otflesi
inhl-Vn. Pssm, of Baleigb, Xoi
|; I ?** '
THIS INDEPENDENT PRESS.
ABBEVILLE, S. C.
' W. A. LEE, EDITOR^
Friday Horning, June 3, 1859.
"We direct Attention to the advertisement of
! M. Israel <fc Brumel, who are now selling off
. their vury extensive Stock, at cost. Their stock
i has been lately purchased, and presents a
' choice variety of tho best goods of the acaiion,
..? ? *
I ?uti o rnre opportunity to puronnsers.
Messrs. G rat A Robertson are offering their
fine assortment of the latest and richest styles
' #t greatly reduced prices. Owing to the adraoca
of the season, they are prepared to sell
, at a great sacrifice. Give them a call.
Mr. A. A. Williams presents an attractire
card of the various Spring A Summer styles of
' I.ndiea and Gentlemen's goods. IIis stock has
been eclectod with great care, and presents a
choice variety. His friends will find him al.
ways at his post) ready to meet ail calls.
See the card of Messrs. Allen A Dial of Coi
lumbin, 10 well known to many of'Oilrreaders,
as the proprielora of one of the finest Hardware
Establishments in the State. Our friends
visiting Columbia will find it to their interest
to give them a call.
Our friends will remember that the Tilt takes
| pico on Saturday next, 4th inst., fit the Old
Field on the rond lending to Upi>er Long Ctne
Church. The pubi c nre invited to attend.
We learn ihnl the boy George, belonging to Mnj.
W. W. BELcnca, who, in n recent affray, received
a knife wound from Peter Shaw, a free negro,
hna ?ince died of his wound. Peter, the free boy,
haa been lodged in jftil.
, THE MILITARY SYSTEMi
In another column onr reader* will find a
cuuiiuunicKiiuii iruiu a lveuren rnvaie, on
' the demerits of our pres?nt militnry pjatem,
nnd we will cheerfully publish a response from
i sny of the "the rank and file." In the dearth
' of other excitement wo would be glad to get
up a spicy discussion of the question, holding
ourselves in reserve to bear our part in the engagement.
I SODA WATER.
' To all of our readers who are fond of a glass
^ nf delicious soda water?clear, cold and sparkI
ling from the fount?we would say that the
. luxury is now to ho had at either of our Drug
t Stores. Messrs. Brancti, Allen <fc Edward9, or
* Mr. D. McLArcnLiN*8, on Granite Range. These
| gentlemen keep constantly on hand a supply
i of ice, and are prepared to furnish at all times
I the refreshing beverage. For all common ailments
of the senson we would prescribe, a cool
' draught from these founts of Hygt:. as a sovereign
srecific?but for more serious ailments,
these gentlemen, hold in reserve, the whole
' ifat'.ria Mrdica which they nre ready to press
into service at short notice. Give tbem a call.
THE TROUBLES IN UTAH.
The troubles iu Utah continue. By advices
t to April 25th it appears that the military and
civic representatives of the Federal government
in the territory nre still at variance. Judges
] Cradlebatigh and Sinolair, of the United States
Court, still intistoii employment of the federal
^ troops, for the protection of the Court house,
f Gen. Johnston had complied with the reqitisi}
tii?n of the Court, against the protest of Gov
crnor Cumming. sending, as was reported, two
* regiments to make arrests Upon this Governor
Cumming had summoned General D. B.
? Welles, commander of the Mormon militin, to
be ready to act on orders. By two o'clock on
Monday, April 18th, five thousand Mormon
troop* wero in arms to support tbjs Governor
. against General Johnston and the Federal
* I army. In this threatening condition
_ ^ .......a ...
j stood of the last accounts.
g WOOLEN KEESEY'S.
r We are indebted to Mr. Joum McGrtde, the
1 agent, for an opportunity of inspecting some
specimens of tho very superior Woolen Kersi>3?
manufactured by Messrs. James Gibbks
i, <t Co., at their well known Columbia Mills.?
e The epecimens were of difTerant shades c f
color, and in strength, stoutness and durability,
might well challenge competition. They
t have been highly commended by very compe*
tent judges. The Messrs. Gibbes <fc Co., are
entitled to great credit for their enterprising
effort*, in tbe cauae of Southern manufactures.
Tbey have beeD very liberal buyers of our great
^ staple, end are now prepared to purchase wool,
' or innnufacture it into elotb on the most rea,'f
sonable terms. Mr. John McBkyde is tbeir
- agent to nur village, and he will be happy to
' attend to all orders entrusted to bis care.
n l'HK IAUBEN8 AOBICliLl^U it AT* &OCUTT<
* At a meetini? held in Laurensville. as w?
? learn from the Herald, on tb? 25th instant to
e to re-organize the Lauren* Agricultural Sooiaf,
the following gentlemen were elected ;
President?Col. John D. William*
Vice-PresidenU?Dr. A. C. Fuller and W. Q,
o Rice- s
Secretary?H. L. McOowan.
i? Corresponding Secretary?J. Wis tar Simpson,
Treasurer?John Welle Simpson.
,, An election was then held for annual oratoi
t? of the 8ociety, and Col. D. Johnson, of Union
" was cnosen.
* On motion of John Well* Sinflpson, a comy
mittee consisting of two was appointed U
in mak? a settlement with Mr. It. M. Stoke*
^ Secretary of the old 8ociety. John Wnlli
Simpson and Dr. A. C. Fuller were appointed
THE WILLIAMSTOH 8FKIKOB.
j, We learn that the suggestion has been mad*
it iti various quarters to ths proprietors of th<
' Williamston Hotel to get op a grand eelebra
tion on the Fourth of July next at that place
and to extend letters of invitation to the Hon
r~ J. L. 0?, snd other distinguished gentlemei
,r to deliver speeches on the occasion. The sug
:Ii ajettion, we think, is an excellent one, and w<
'y trust the proprietors will act upon it. It wa
entertained during the last season, bot wa
a abandoned from the want of time to effect al
- the necessary arrangements. Bot at presen
e<* no such obstaole exists, and celebration coul.
eerily be arranged which would be * genera
lit object of attraction. Abbeville, Anderaoe
Greenville, Picfcena, Newberry and Edgefieb
nJ would furnith their fall quota, and many visit
ly ore might be expected from all parte of th
[r. Stat*. The pleaenre eeeker wonld avail Rim
>i? aelf of the oeeaaion to Tint one of the moet at
tractive of the Southern watering placee, mi
Dg the watch fnl politician to ecan the sign* of th
in. times, and peonlate upon the auguriea of th
p?' We pablieh in another oofnmn as artfcl
from the Anderaon Oeuutte, eeitiff forth th
L varioM attractions *#^th Williaifltoa will oi
mi Ar tojh*Wr?Wa? paWia inriaf .the frc??a
THE COURT OF EQUITY.
The Juno sittings of our Court of Equity
commence on next Mondny wct-k. bis Honor
Chancellor Johnston presiding. The term of
tho Court promises to be a busy one, ?a many
and important matters of Litigation aro pcnd- '
ing. Tho Commissioner has been rery busy '
during the past and the present week, with his
references, and wo believe that he has a reference
for every day of tho succeeding week. 1
If it thus tnkes three weeks to obtain the testimony,
in the cases pending, the natural infer- 1
ence is that ono week wilt scarcely suffice for the 1
dispatch of the business of the Court. Tho present
is a busy time with the furmers, but tho
importance of the interests to be determined
bv their hrtnonoa in flnnrt. will ?ffnrd ?omp
V I ? ? - ' ~ "
compensation for the low of time from farming
operations at home.
The business of the Court seems to be constantly
increasing, and we believe that the opposition
to the Court is gradually passing
awav, as the public raind.has become better informed
with regard totl.. nature and scopo of
its operations. The chief ground of objection
has been the costly character of its proceedings,
but this is a small item, when estimated
by the value of the interests which are here
determined, or when compared with the commissions
realized by Executors and Administrators
in the management of estates. In the
case of all largo estates a resort to a Court of
Equity for Ihe purpose of sale or partition we
believe will invariably effect a great saving in
the matter of costs.?But, after all, clieop liti.
gation is rather an evil than a benefit. It is
much more important that the rights of property
be well defined, and be interpreted by a
tribunal which shall administer a valid and
effectual remedy in every case of doubtful or
conflicting claims?which shall afford the best
means of detecting fraud and repressing
wrong. And we believe that for the purposes
of its organization, no better system of justice
has ever been devised than that which is administered
by our Court of Eqtify'.
VOSE'S NEW LAWYER.
The above is the title of a new worlc which
we lately purchased from an agent, ezpccting to
find it what it purported to be, a convenient
manual for reference, containing in addition
to other valuable information, the most important
legislative enactments and decisions of the
several States upon business transactions generally.
And we were the more inclined to this
opinion from looking over tfee ^>Dg list of con
tributors, comprising some of the most distinguished
legal names of tho country. Now
whatever may be the merits of tho work, Vre
hnve detected, upon a very hasty examination,
several errors, which the exercise of ordinary
cure Ta think might have prevented, and
which are sufficient to impair one's confidence
in the general accuracy of the work. For instance,
in giving the Law of Limitation in
South Carolina, fixing the periods for bringing
the several actions, real and personal, the
Act of 1712 is published at length, but no reference
is made to the more recent Act of 1824
extending the period of limitation for the recovery
of land, from five to ten years?thus
conveying the erroneous idea that a title to
land by adverse possession matures within tho
short period of five years. Again, the rale of
interest for South Carolina is given at 6 per
cent, and for Georgia 7 per cent.?an error in
Such errors as these in a work whose sol?
merit consists in th? accuracy of its information
are onougli to seal its fate in th? public
estimation, since they show a want of that
ccrc in the compilutiun, which can alone guarantee
its general accuracy. That they should
occur is the more singular, as on the liftt of
contributors are tho Damns of several lawyers
from each State.
The following is a summitry of the very interesting
Report submitted to the Convention
of the Episcopal Church at their recent session
in Charleston, in respect to the marriage of
laves: "The relation of husband and wife is
declared to be of divine institution, and to be
equally binding on the slave as on the master.
The injunction of the Saviour, forbidding the
separation of husband and wife is obligatory
ulate the disposal of tho slave as not to infringe
the divine injunction. Voluntary abandonment
on the part of the slave ought to
come within the same rule as fa the case of a
free person ; but when the abandonment is involuntary,
and caused by circumstances without
the control of the parties, the refusal to allow
a second would often produce much evil
and hardship; bat in giving iU sanction to
snch second marriage, the Convention would
do to in the qualified language applied by
the Apostle to casea of self-restraint. The report
makes the remarkable statement that
there is no instance in South Carolina of a le
THE KEWBEEBY P0I80HHT0 CASE.
( The Newberry ConservatUt furnishes the following
particulars, respecting the recent fearfnl
case of poisoning in that Village. All of
the poisoned persona are regarded out of danger,
except Mrs. Wilkes, whose case is still desperate
On Thursday morning laat, just after their
usnal Breakfast hour, the family of Mr. Robert
' Stewart found themselves in the greatest peril.
Eight persons on the lot, Mr. Stewjsrt, Mrs.
. Stewart, Mrs. Wilkes, kousekeeper, and five
negroes, were taken suddenly ill, with all the
' symptoms of having taken poison. Our physicians
were on ni* spot as promptly "at possible,
only to confirm the worst fears aud render all
> the assistance in their power.
In the afternoon of that day the ei>ok, a
' negro woman named Fanny, was lodged in
1 jail, where she confessed to having put a?quan.
tity of arsenio. in the water bucket, in the
kitchen. Water was used from thisbueketin
preparing all the dishes for breakfast, except
iL . t ' .!*. J 'i 1. . tL ff . mi
j me uiKuit iiiu it limy ue, me cuuae. jliiib nceounfcs
for Mr*. Kate 8tewart's escape, a? she
' ate only of these two dishes. Miss Bue Wright
and Mrs. Wilkes* son were fortunately absent
f from the breakfast table;?the first was confined
to siok-bed, and the other, after taking
ao early breakfast, was off to school.
1 Fanny farther confessed that she had been
furnished with tbe poison by a white man, with
B whom she had, for some time past, been op the
moat intimate terms. (tVe shall not, for his
family's sake, publish bis name.) After using a
1 part of the arseoic, she had buried the remainI
der in the garden where it was found in tbe
t plaee aha designated. The ptelrage was iden.
tided by the Druggist as tne one he sold the
night before to tbe white man alluded to. He,
' also, was lodged in jail on Thursday evening,
i, so that it ia a matter of congratulation that the
1 criminals in tbia nrforiooa business are secure
from etfap*. No other reason can b- assigned
r fur the dastardly aot, than Fanny did it to
revenge herself upon her master^ family fqr
i- the punishment ha bad inflicted, and threatened
still to inflict.i>eaaua? of her shamafel itatimSAv
3 with this man, wboM eo-oper?tion in tffebeta
Hah plan ?he, to bia everfcatiog abanta b? it
aaid, eaaily aecared.
We learn, ainee the a bore wae pot in type,
that Mr?. Wilkee died on Tueeday morning.
.The Pendleton Meeteoger hat been dieeon
f B?a tor we prtHDL ine &aiior, J&uwara
it I SjaMMa, istaMs Vj renew iU publication to *
' [ dMrt time,.tuuler? sew Mnt,li Bart well, (ft
WRITTEN FUR Til* INDKI'KNI>KKT rCES8.
THE MILITARY SYSTEM.
A TOICK PBOM PENNY'S CREEK.
Mr. Editor:?In vain hove wo endeavored to
ice the good to arise, or tho benefit to be obtained
by our present Military System. Wo
would now appeal to your columns to make one
brond request that some one who has been of
an observing turn of mind, and has paid attention
to passing events, as he glided down the
stream oi time, will Hnform us of the little
good likely to be nchieved by calling out the
nuiet indtmt r imix 0it.i7.enn of our Stntn and
compelling them to perform evolutions of n
kind of military character, for which thej care
nothing, and which they do not in the least
try to remember.
We boast of Military Spirit! Now, Mr.
Editor, I am confident that the presence of men
under arms on the muster field does not warrant
the supposition that mililary pride
prompts their attendance. Remit the fine in
caee of default, and I am certain that not one
man in ten will attend. Docs this not prove
beyond all doubt that tho chief, yea, the only
object, is to avoid the penalty. Mr. Editor,
we do not wish to trouble our Legislature on
thin subject. All we ask is, that they will do
away with the fino for non-attendance, and
there is nothing more ccrtaio than that the
Military System will very shortly be numbered
among the things that were.
There is not one in ten of those who have
mustered from 18 to 45 that can go through
tho Manuel of Arms correctly. A short time
since I asked one of the Old Field Graduates to
Ml)re8tint arniH " nnd tliA rpfmltnf liin plforl. urn*
a very poor appearance of " charge bayonet."
Wo have asked, Where is the good it does or
can do f Echo answers, Where? It will not
make the bravo more valiant; it cannot make
a coward fight, for we know that bravery
comes from nature and education.
Fus?, Feather* and Epnulett tell us that the
glorious liberty we enjoy, tho freedom bequeathed
to us by our fathers of '76 was
achieved by and through this very military ayston.
Now, we are not verdant enough to
swallow any such stuff. Wo would ascribe
llfllr success to their stout hearts, strong arms
and invincible determination. In our humble
opinion tho Revolutionary War would .have
ueen 01 iuucii snorter (Juration it the heroes ot
'76 liad been provided with guns and amunition
equal to the foe. We cannot believe it
would lmve taken more than half the time to
have scared John Bull off the track.
Boots, Epaulet* and Feather a take the liberty
nt all General Parades, to compliment the ladies
who deem fit to favor us with their presence,
thinking the Military has their approbation.
But, Mr. Editor, they are widely mistaken
on this point. Woman's presence is through
sympathy. She comes to fulfil her heaven-born
mission, and though she sees there is no present
good to be obtained, aud no future benefit 'to
accrue, yet she comes radiant with smiles and
beauty to lessen the burden of the quiet citizen
called upon by tho military law to stand or
stalk about in an old field under a broiling sun
for two or three hours, and for what good
it would take a second Solomon to tell.
We are in favor of Military Schools, such as
those of West Point, Columbia or Charleston.
From the graduates of such schools we could,
in all times of ceed, get officers to command
who understand the M ilitary as it should be.
Is there a South Caroliuion that can possibly
make it degeneracy to put aside the present inefficient
system of I'etiy Musters and iiselesi
Parades. Look at Georgia, Alabama, Miesissippi,
and in fact all our Southern sister State*,
They do not muster, and can we, without
utrisiiip iiiiij, sv 10 nb tue oauio nuio kiiptriitijro
ly hit duty to obey the process of the Units*
States; to hold the prisoner in custody nndei
it, an i to rtfute obedience to ihe mandate or pro
cent of any government. And consequently, ii
is his doty not to take the prisoner, nor euffei
him to be"taken, before a State judge or court
upon nfiabea* corpu* issued understate author
ity. No State judge or court, after they nr<
judicially informed that the party is imprisoned
under the authority of a State, in the forrr
of judicial procesa or otherwise, should attempt
to control the marshal, or other author
ised agent of the United States, in any res
pect, in the custody of his prisoner, it woulc
be his duty resist it, and to call"& his aid an]
force that may be necessary to maintain th<
authority of the law against illegal interfence
No judicial process, whatever form it may as
same, can have any lawful authority outsidi
the limit* of the jurisdiction of the court 01
judge by whom it is issued; and an attempt U
force it beyond these boundaries it nothing lesi
than lawless violence."
Tax War an? the Demand fob Breadstuff*
-"The London Economist, allnding to the rapi<
raise in the price of breadstuff's owing.to th<
war, speculates as follwws upon the probabli
demand upon this country for a supply: .
"Among 80,000,000 of people, the taking o
600,000 men, that is one out of 180, more oi
less, from ordinary occupations, will have bu
little influence upon nroduerton, and no mor<
upon consumption than will be caused bi
wrfste. What they actually eat as soldiers u
'less than what thev tret at home. A larse nor
tjon of theee ^?r* idlers from the oiti*?. and n
Europe the labor of agriculture is customarilj
performed by femalse. No conscript it take!
where hia labor is necessary to hit family. Th<
mere povcoMoUf the meu is of no commercla
importance. &htre their operations extant
over a Urge agrictiltflral surface, they destroy
however, and prevent agriculture, and hi?
far causa a demand from other quart*!*. I
<tbis is aanfiaed to Njythef?4tety, while all thi
ordinary soarees of supply awLpn disturbed, th<
commercial effeet of fk* war W4U hardly tx
felt. There never .u a more propitious mo
a?atfgitoa*j$aa now, aiaoc crqpa off! sort
ia .Ffilfai Q) i ii afatodafct, ^MpiuU mi
jftotej atrondant and ehesp, an.4 enterprise n?
recovered from the panic of liffl,"
great vamty arrogate to our&elves a superiority
over tlicm in any respect, either iu religion,
institutions of learning, lim, internal improve,
fnents, military spirit or love of country. Oh,
let us not be so conceited, for the greater part
of military spirit, as seems to ha exhibited bj
Carolinians in the master field is forced, and
when we acknowledge the equality of out
Southern sister States in every particular w<
do them nothing but justice.
Mr. Editor, we will close, though we hav<
said nothing of the inconvenience of attending
drills, the loss of time to the farmer and mechanics
; the assault and batteries that gm
business to our solicitors; the general wat
made upon Messrs. Bald-face, Tangle-foot
Bust-head, Blue ruin <fc Co , in which th?y inva
riably come off more than conquerars too.
For the present we leave these things to b<
a jke.iikc.ij nilvA'i'tt.
DUTIES OF HOTTED STATES MAB8HA1S.
The opinion of the Supreme Court of th<
United State*, say* the CoiittitiUion. in thi
Wisconsin fugitive slave case has at lengtt
been published. Though we have hiihertc
given the substance of that part of it regarding
the powers of the federal courts and thi
duties of the federal officers in osses arising
under the federal law*, we subjoin for the bet
ter information of the public, a paragrapt
from the official copy of the opinion:
"Although it is the duty of the marshal 01
oflier person holding hitn to make known bj
a proper return the authority under which h<
.1 i: : ?
THE FOREIGN NEW8.
The lute arrivals from Europe report nothing
decisive from the 6eat of wur. The delay of
tho Austrians in giving hatile seenm to have
occasioned some perplexity to Ihe foreign journalists,
but has been accounted for by Ihe
swelling of the rivers from the recent rains,
the breaking down of the bridges and the artificial
flooding of the country by the Sardinians,
and the inoro rapid arrival of the French
troops than had been anticipoted. Another
reason has been assigned, in the fear which i9
entertained by Austria, of a revolt on the part
of the garrisons of Lombardy and Venice?
one third of whom are said to consist of Hungarians.
Whatever may be the cause of the
delay, it is likely that the arrival of the French
Kmporor will now expedite the crisis. The
French people are now anxiously anticipating
the news of a great victory, and havo already
prepnred a programme of thanksgiving for the
Jrtvfiil apfaninn. nnnpv tha follow iti*?
N*w York, May 29.
The IJammonia arrived nt New York from
Southampton, with dates from Liverpool to
the 181 h inst.
4,000 bales changed hands on Tuesday.?
There was little enquiry and prices were weak,
but had scarcely declined an ^d. Advices
from Manchester unfavorable.
Flour, wheat and corn were advancing.
Consols 91 J to 91 J.
Other news unimportant.
The I'iedmontese women and children were
compelled to work on ihe Austrian Defences.
Sev<ral Sardinian Mayors who had refused contributions
were arrested. Ruin wns falling incessantly,
which accounts for the inactivity of
the armies. The rivers were rising.
In the London Stock Exchange on the 17th
there was little enquiry for stocks, and prices
were weak. For discount the applications
were light. The demand for money was rather
more active. Manchester unfavorable. On
Tuesday all had considerably declined, and
were declining at the close.
Iii Liverpool lute imports came in very slowly,
and tlio market closcd heavy in favor of
London, May Jfl.
Frcncli red wheat three to four shillings over
the quotations of the previous week.
Queen Victoria reviewed Iho British troops
at Aldersholt, on the 16th inst.
Count I'erpijjnv, the new French Minister,
arrived in l.nmlon on the 141 li ii>i?tarit. I'rince
UoiitschnkofF nlso arrived on the mime <lnte.
Tli? Paris correspondent of the London Time*
says tlmt the confidence in the siiccpps of the
ariny of Italy is eo great. thnt preparation* will
soon he made nt Notre Dnme for a Te Ileum
and thanksgiving for nil expected great victo
ry, and that, the programme will be announced
in tho coining week.
All the ofticers of the regiment of Clipper*,
to he commanded hy Prince Napoleon, loft
i <> if on me iti.il insiMiiv iur loiimn. j\ Trntll
of seige artillery had also beoii despatched to
It is rnmored that arms hav? been sent to
Hungary, ami that the Hungarians abroad are
actively employed in fomenting an insurrection
in their country.
It is reported that Louis Napoleon, before
leaving l'aris, addressed a letter to Queen Victoria,
repeating hi* promise to takfl no step
during the war calculated to compromise the
interest of England.
The Austrian Government Loan of 75,000,000
is to be at five per cent., payable in silver, aad
will be issued at 70.
I'iedmont, May 14.
An official bulletin rays that the Auitrians
have withdrawn to-day from the Itohhio, but a
second atill strongtr reccnnoitering force has
pushed towards Vercelli.
Louie Napoleon and Canrobert- rodo through
the streets of Alessendria on horseback, and
were everywhere received with great demonstrations
The German Diet was closcd on the 14th by
1 the Prince Itei'ent in ncrsirn ulm aniil itmf.
Prussia lind determined on preserving th* bal
ance ?f fower in Europe, and would stand up
for the security, protection and national interests
of German}". It was expected that the
German confederalivo powers would stand in
, friendly position by her side. The moliilizlion
of the eight federal corps d'nrmee .had been
completed. Prince William Frederick would
' bo the commander in Chief.
r WASHINGTON NEWS.
i Washington, Hay 25, 1859.
Tha A'torney General, I ndcrstand, has
given an opinion ttpon the California overland
mail contract, denying the right of the I'ost
Olfice Department to reduce tho service from
i somi-weekly to weekly under tho term of the
, contract entered into by tho late Postmaster
' General. Thin settles the question, and the
service will be continued as usual. The De5
partment never designed abolishing the conr
The British Minister had a long interview
with the Secretary of Slate to-day. Our relations
with England are of the most satisfactory
character. In regird to Central American af>
fnirn I^irrl T.vona n*nnri>? nnr ciA??rnmi>nl ?!?<
England decires an early settlement of all perplexing
questions existing in that quarter. It
appears the.t Sir Gore Ousaley has written a
letter, through the British Minister here, to our
government, explaining his conduct with refer3
ence to his movements in Central America.
> He denies emphatically that he haa in ai>y
i manner acted in bud faith towards the United
, States in his negotiations with the people of
Costa Rica and Nicaragua, and attempts to
give some plausible reasons why he did not
i follow hi? instructions. llis letter will fnil fn
' accomplish its mission, for the administration
will never entertain for him the exalted opinion
which they had prior to his departure for Cen1
The French Minister's declaration in regard
r to enforcing the doctrine of the rijjht of scareh
r has created quite a stir in diplomatic circles.
? The United States never have denied since their
. separation fr< m England the right of belligeri
ents to board neutral merchant vessels upon
r the ocean to ascertain if they have article contraband
of war 011 board. If Count Sartige*
t, made any observation respecting tho right of
r search resulting from war it is this right to
I which he referred. He could not have refer
red tft'the ritrht of secre'. search in time of
peace, or in timo or war by nutii-oe not belligerent#,
became the French government have
strenuously contended against such claim since
the quintuple treaty, an<?have frequently and
only recently assured our government that
they arc as much opposed to it ns we are, add
entertain the sume view* of the matter.
NOTICE TO AVERIOAN CAPTAINS IN TOE MERCHANT
Washington, May 26.
The following circular has been iftsued by
the Treasury Department: "The immunity of
our merchant vessels at sea from seizure,
search, detention, or visit, io time of peace, by
eAsel* of war of any foreign nation, being
now admitted by all marine powers of the
. world, it is very desirable that the flog of the
! United States annuld always be promptly djs?
played in the presence of a ship of war. Col9
lectors of Customs are instructed to request
Captains in toe merchant service, at their reef
pecUve ports, to always display their colors
rt promptly as poesibltf'when they meet upoaib^
t' *ocean an armed'cruiser of auy nation."
a * ? ? v
r Cotioh in Ai^oSbia.?The Paris correspondi
ent of the New'Orteans Picayune givee the fol.
lowing information touching the experiment of
i raising cotton in Algeria:
1 The Fretioh Government has decided that
i hereafter the premium peid for the cultivation
i of eotton in Algeria shall be abolished. AlI
though th? Moomar states that while 1.014,000
1 pound* of eotton ?m grown in Algeria in 18^4.
, aad 1,660,000 pounds in 18&', and the crop of
> 18S0 will be till larger, thfre seems to be but
f Utile question, the experiment has proved a
b coetly failure, and the Qovefpment regard#
I mori^y epenton this crop as treasn^e tttfewn
i Mr*y: The (here* hint*?ttie Qoverifoehi *iH
r.. soon cease to bar ti e cafkon in that eolo4y ; at
I- peeeedt it ie wider obligation to hay all the
Js cotton Therefore, io a yew or
lu two )bl> .ttj>MiBtnt ot thefreoch will share
the ffcte of toeir tfoetly expef Itnents.
THE CONDITION OF MEXICO.
The following paragraphs from tho N. Y. n
Herald present* summary view of the present 1
distracted condition of tliot unhappy republio: J'
The news may lie summed up in o few words.
President Juarez was at Vera Cruz endeavor- j,
ing to combine a treneral movement against c
the centre, by the several leaders at different r
points on the circutnferenco of the republic R
who recogniso the constitutional rule. Gen- v
eral Alvarez was at hid estate. Providencia,
n?nr Acajnileo, waiting for arms, when it is j
slfld l7e wdl take the field. Degollado had re- j
trented from tho capital to Morelia, and is t
to b'i succeeded as commander-in-Chief by
General Aramberi, who is supposed to possess (
greater inilitary gift*. Vidaurri lias sent out ,
lroin Monterey, under Colonels Zuazua and ,
Garcia, all .tffc forces he can- raise, and now f
busies liWiweK Wnpressing conspiracies at home, ,
decreein'gMicw?t.,ritfs to raise revenue, and ex- ,
ereising generally all the powers of an inde- .
penneut government. Garza, wlio left Vera ]
Cruz with one thousand men, some time since, ,
lo help take Mexico, hits returned lo Tampico ,
with his officer*, every one of his men having
deserted. In this position of uffnirs the constitutionalists
liuve determined to adopt the Fabian
policy in their military movements, and not (
give battle to the soldiers of the thurch when j
they can help it.
On tho other side Miramon is in the city of ,
Mexico, milking desperate efTorts to raise inon- ,
ey, and preparing to send forces to attack his '
opponents in Morelia. He is supposed to favor ]
the idea ol taking possession of the church ,
property, and his popularity with the clergy is ,
said to wane on that account. Marquez, the
butcher of Taeubaya, is spoken of ns his successor.
General Rubles, commanding the
ehurclt troops in observation on the State of
Vera Cruz, has entered Jalapn, where he
awaits attack by Anipudia and Traconis. All
the accounts arc very severe on the French and
British Ministers, who still take an active interest
in the plans of the priests. They are
said lo have guaranteed recently several loans
taken up on the public buildings of the. capital.
Both parties pursue tho atrocious practice of
shooting the officer* among their prisoners?
the clu reh partisans exhibiting rather more
ferocity than their opponents. The foreigo
naval lorcea had been mostly withdrawn from
..r >i .1 -i
low lover Reason, one vessel only of each nation
The condition of anarchy and dissolution
which Mexico exhibits to-day proves that she
will lapse fast enough into our Union without
any payment of money, and perhaps even too
fast. The process of her natural dissolution
will of itself extinguish government there in a
few years, and with it the vast mnss of Mexican,
foreign and domestic debt will die out.?
Even if tlie constitutionalists triumph there is
no reason to believe that they can reorganize
government and society. l)isoord has become
the norm*I state of the country, and we see
there no clement of strength sufficient to subdue
NAPOLEON'S LANDING AT GENOA.
Reception and Arbival at tiie Royal Pai.a(-i-?
A imnKis To the Aniiv A? nlrniwlv rn.
I ported, the Emperor Napoleon embarked on
board the Imperial yacht Heine Hortense, at
Marseilles, on the 11th inst., and arrived at
Genoa on the afternoon of the following day.
The Emperor was accompanied to the pnlaee
by l'rinee Carignnno, Count Cavour, and Count
I?'Auvcrgne. and French Ambassador.
The port was full of ornamented small boat*
crowded with spectators, and on shore the city
presented the appearance of a file. A large
structure, covered with flaps, a symbolic representation
of the French and Sardinian alliance,
was erected at the landing place. Flowers
were cast before the Emperor by the populace
during his progress.
The Emperor was expected to take his departure
from Genoa on the 14th for the army,
to whom lie had issued the following order of
Soldiers?I come to place myself at your
head, to eonducL you to the combat. We are
about to acvmd the struggles of a people vow
vindicating their independence, and to rescue them
from foreign oppression. This is a sacred cause,
which has the sympathies of the civilized
I need not stimulate your ardor. Every
step will remind you of n victory. In the Via
Sacra of ancient Koine inscription.* were engraved
upen I he marble, reminding the people of
their exalted deeds. It is the same to-day. In
passing ^jndove, Marengo, Lodi. you will, in
the n?i(l?P"of those glorious recollections, he
marching in another Via Sacra Preserve that
strict discipline which is the honor of the army.
Here?forget it not?there are no other enemies
than those who fight against you in battle.
Remain compact, and abandon not your
ranks to hasten forward. Beware of two great
enthusiasm. which is the only thing I Tear, Ihe
new arms df precision are dangerous only nt a
distance. They will not prevent the bayonet
from being whutit has hitherto been?the terribly
weapon of tho French infantry.
Soldiers I Let lis all do our duty, and put
our confidencu in God. Our country expects
much from you. Front one end of France to
the other the follow ing word* of happy augury
re-echo: "The new army of Italy will be
worthy of her elder aiater."
Given at Genoa, May 12, 1850.
The Old School Presbyterian General Aasekblt.?We
have the fourth day s proceedings
of this body by mail.
The Rev. Dr. Palmer, Chairman, submitted
the conclusions of the committee to whom was
i- rut\ tKu (ivitrt.nrM frnni fho t rntf r>na r? f ilia
Northwestern Presbyterian Theological Seminary
to transfer that institution to the General
Assembly. The sum of $100,000 is promised
by C. II. MeCormick in instalments of $25,000
yearly, provided the transfer id mnde, and the
seminary located st Chicago ; in addition fortyfive
acres of land are otfored in the vicinity of
that city. In favor of the location at Indiauopolis
certain persons in Indiana guarantee
(26,000. bearing 6 per cent, interest from the
date of the location, together with an ample
?rant, and a further subscription by citizens of
ndianopolis, which, together with an additional
donation of $6,01)0 makes an aggregate
of some $66,000.
The report concluded with resolutions reeommendini;
the acceptance of the overture of the
board of directors of the Northwestern Presbyteriau
Theological Seminary, and providing
for proceeding at some future time to fix the
The first resolution, accepting the transfer
of the Northwestern Presbyterian Theological
Seminary, was unanimously adopted, and it
was resolved J.o proceed at once to fix upon a
location, either at Chicago or Indianapolis. A
protracted debate then ensued between the
friends of the respective rites, which continued
up to the adjournment. During the morning
session resolutions were adopted- highly
commending tho action of the board of foreign
INDIANAPOLIS, May Z4.? in# UrCO?r?l nweillbly
to?dav adopted the report of the committee
on foreign mission*.
The remainder of the day was oecppied in.
the consideration of the report of the committee
ou domestic missions.
Fbkkou Opinion on tiik Wab.?A little while
ego, the proposed war io Italy was decidedly
unpopular in France, or, atleaaL.it was so
represented to be by the Englitfh journals, to
which, unfortunately, we are confined for the
greater part of oar continental news.- But tbe
French are esteulially a martial people, apd
the first tap of the drum arouseti all their co
age and enthusiasm. The description which
Job gives of the war horse might be applied to
mem villi no nine propriety : "tie *aiwi among
the trumpet*, ha I ha I he amelletb the battle
Afar off, the thunder of the captain* and the
<^ i >
Tn Atlantic Cabl* Aoaim.?It ia said tbat
Cyraa W. Field. E*q , expect* to leave for.ton?
doji within a week or ten day*, to renew hi*
labor* in couneetionVith the oompany ia Len>
don, in havingmsnofaetorpd, during,the aura*
oier, a new Atlantio cable. Thia ia to be
brought out with all the new improvement*,
and fully prepared for laying aoroee^be Atlap:
tie early in the ftmhter of next
Field expreaa fat* faith in ultimate tneeeaa
of the enterprise as atrosgly aa be did at itr
Williambtow Si'rinos ?We bad the opportnlit}
Inst week of noticing the preparation that
s being made At this celebrated watering plac*
or visitors this summer. The proprietor* of
he Williamston Hotel are neither sparing
tains or expense in providing for the comfort
,nd enjoyment of visitors, and will have soon
omplete'd their entire house in the best manter.
One of them, Mr. Tustin, has charge this
eason, and will do all in his power to make a
Our friend Hudgens, of the Central Hons*,
ceeps it in admirable style, and has also been
itting out new inducements to persona visiting
With the advantage of superior, hotals, adled
to the curative properties of the water and
lie plenxantncss of that delightful village, we
tre quite sure that the invalid or the pleasureiceker
can find no place of tlio kind hereabout
where the time will be spent more profitably
>r agreeably. And we confidently expeot, from
iresent indication*, that a large number of tho
low county folk will avail themselves of the
)p|>ortuniiy presented, and that Williamston
will be the "gayest of the gay" this season.?
No Kkkd or Voluntkeks in Italy.?Count
favour hns written a letter to the editor of tha
Eco d'ltalinn, in New York, in which he says:
"The government is not in need of the el?Dcnts
whence to form good soldiers and offi?
jers for the ranks of the Sardinian army.
L'ljese elements are already superabundant in
Piedmont. What is really needed is not so
uucli military assistance as money."
G O "TS^E 3VE E H C I A X, .
Abbeville, June 2, 1859.
Cotton*.?None has been offered, during th?
past week. We quote price nominal, at7?to9Jc.
Columbia, May 31, 18SHV.
Cotton.?Tho market is very dull, Kiot ?
bale offering. We can give no quotations.
Charleston, M*y 81.
The cotton market was depressed to day,
with sales of 660 bales, at prices ranging from
8 to 10$ cents.
The following persons have freight in th* D?pot
at Abbeville :?
Scuddny <t Barnes, H W Lawson, W M
Ilughey, T T Cunningham, D J Jordan, Charlrs
Cox, Mrt> J Cunningham, 11 S Co son. Mrs K
Tiltnan, A Clnrk Jr, J A Calhoun, S McGowan,
W D Mors & Bro, Dr J 3 Head, J Enright, J W
Crawford, L H Russell, J & N Knox, R J
White, J McUrj'de, E J Taylor, E E Stevenson,
A Brogan, G A Douglas, 1 Price.
D. R. SONDLEY, Ag't.
8PECI A. Xj NOTICES.
IIOHSt'S am rinir^d nf Vermin
And gardens preserved from the ravages of insects
find vrorins, by Lyon's Magnetic Powders
Farewell to sleep, when bed-hugs prey,
Or rats and mice (confound them) play.
Professor Lyon found a plant in the interior
of Asia, the powdored leaves of which is certain
death to garden insects, ants, roaches*
ticks, moths, <fcc. A small amount of this powder
will preserve a garden of plants, and rid a
house of all these annoying pests. It i* fre*
from poi*om and harmless to mankind and domestic
animals. It is more valuable in preserving
crops than guano in making them grow.
Many worthless imitations are advertised.
The only genuine is signed E. Lyon. It can be
ordered through any merchant.
Powder kills all insects in a trice.
But Pills are mixed fur rats and mince.
Sample Flusks. 25ots.; regular sizes, 60cta?fc $1
BARNES <fc PARK, New York.
May 20, 1859, &-lm
THB GREAT ENGLISH REMEDY
SIR JAMES CLARKE'S
Celebrated Female Pills.
BY ROYAL PATENT.
This invaluable medicine is unfailing in the
cure of nil those painful and dangerons diseases
incident to the female conttitution.
It moderates all excesses and removes all obstructions,
frorrv whatever cause, and a speedj
cure may be relied on.
TO IT1AKRIJED LADIES
it is peculiarly suited. It will, in a short tiro*
bring on the monthly period with regularity.
These Pills should not be taken by females,
that are^regnant, during the first three months,
as they are sure to bring on Miscarriage ; but
at every other time, and in every other case
they are perfectly safe.
Id all cases of Nervous and Spinal Affections
Pain in the Back and Limbs, Heaviness, Fatigue
on alight exertion. Palpitation of the
Heart, Lowness of Spirits, Hysterics, Sick
Headache, Whites and all the painful disease*
occasioned by a disordered system, these Pilla
will effect a cure when all other means hare
Full directions in the pamphlet aronod each
package, which riipuld be carefully preserved.
A bottle containing 60 pills, and enoircled
with the Government Stamp of Great Britain,
can be sent post free for $1 and 8 postage
General agent for United States, Job Moses,
Rochester N. Y.
Sold in Abbeville by Donald MeLanehlin ;
Columbia, Fisher <fc Heioitsh ; naviland, St*
m. n- ni 1 a nri.-i -U .
YClJOUli W UU., t/UHriCDLVU, ?? iiuiosiiig OjJUUW
a nd sold by all respectable Druggist*.
April 20. 1859-12a).
HAIR! WHISKERS!! MOUSTACHES!
Uee my Unguent, and yon can have a Beau,
tiful pair of Whiskers and Moustache,?thick,
soft and luxuriant* within Six Weeks, wber#
there were noiie before, and will not Stain tb?
or injure the Skin. Price, Fifty Centa per Bot>
tie ; sent to any part of the United States.
JOHN M. SAUNDERS,
162 Tbird Street, New York City.
BOYS' AND SERVANTS' CLOTHING.
A VERY good stock msy be found at Wil
liama'. Please call and examine.
A. A. WILLIAMS.
April 29, 1889?52-tf
By WILLIAM Him &?-. Ordinary of Ab
WHEREAS. D. S, Benson hss applied to
" me for Letters of Administration, on all
and singular the goods and chattels^righta and
credits ofgMrs. Cathorin?,Ilodges late of th?Dfc, ~
trict aforesaid, deo'd. i These
are, therefore, to siteanA admobWi-sU
[ and singular the kindred and creditors of said
deoeased, to be i*<l' appear befora nrte, at o?r
nest .Ordinary's Court for the said District, t*
hr b^'den at Abbeville Oonrt Ho use, on the
eighth day of If June iost., to 3 show
csuso if any, why the said Administration
shoold nOt.oe granted.
Olven sadsr my bMtd'bBd ssaT, ibltluM