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From the National InUttigtncer.
Scenes in Che frcscrtv Extracts from private letters-of members of the TLTomuwiYi Pm/M/^/vny Commission. 4U W>A l\ San Dieoo, California, Fob. 2. ; u Mr. Bartlett and party were lost for several days in the desert mountains, and lived on musaueto beans, a tree peculiar to the country through which we had passed, although wo had found it in Texas. Finally, one of them found his way back to our camp, and we gave him provisions for .the party, although we were on short tillownnco ourselves. They finally reached Santa Cruz, but Mr. Bartlott's drafts being useless tln-rc and hating na tnonc.f with him was unable to procure psovisions. Mr. Gray, becoming alarmed at Mr. B.'s protracted absence, started for the towns. He raised a small amount of money among the laborers, and with it some Mexican unbolted flour was purchased. " We left the river San Pedro on the 2flth September, nnd struck the Gila very nearly at the point where our work was to commence, on the 9th of October, .after a tramp over an arid sandy country, sometimes being for two days without sufficient water to relieve thirst. What a refreshing sight it was when we first saw the line of cotton-wood trees, which always indicate the presence of water. " We struck the Gila in an open valley below the pass indicated in Emory's report as the ' Devil's Turnpike.' The river at this place was from thirty to forty feet in width, and perhaps eighteen inches deep, but it was a clear, sparkling, swift, merry little stream as ever I looked nrvnn Wo found larrre oiiantities of iasner. oh "I""" " B- "1 J l sidian, milky quartz, agates, and many othoi stones which Einory describesi We finally struck a pass in the mountains which Emory describe as impassable for wagons or pack mules. It was truly an ugly looking place. On both both sides . of the pass masses of solid gloomy focks arose from the water, while the stream, dark and swift, rolled rapidly between these huge walls, not an inch of ground on either side to plant one's foot. One of the men dashed into the river, and the wagons followed. It was an exciting scene ; the men shouting and sometimes swimming, while the poor mules strained every tierve and struggled for their lives. They finally fot through safe and then such a shout went up ! lere we first saw the cereus giganteus. It is a lofty green column, with its exterior fluted, and . large thorns all over it. The top is of an oval shape, and it has large arms extending upward from its sides. " Our road was exceedingly rough after entering this mountain pass. We were obliged to let our wagons down the mountains with ropes very frequently, and occasionally some unfortunate mule would lose his footing and away he'd go, rolling over and over down the mountain, and at i ' '"c AAffoin |Ka onimol woe AnnA Knf n?i ilioi> x nao bug aiuuiai nao ugau, l/iii, vsu being relieved of his pack, he jumped up, shook himself, and, being relieved of his pack, jumped up, and being re-packed plodded up the mountain " as if nothing had happened. It was very hard work for our surveying party here, .as we were wet through all day, and frequently did not got into camp until late at night. In a few days from this time the mountains became so precipitous that we were obliged to abandon the w??gons. It seemed as if we were parting from old friends as we took a parting look at them. We had seen a few Indians a short time before, but a day or two after we abandoned the wagons we were very much troubled by them, night and day. We passed through several different tribes, but we did not remain long enough among any one tribe to learn much of their habits. The .men are large and finely formed, with muscular legs and broad expansive chests; but we have invariably noticed that their arms are small, owing to their exemption from all labor? the women performing it all; amongst other drudgery, having to carry large loads of wood in huge baskets made of the leaf of a species of' . cactus, inese maians arc the Jrinon Llanos, or Penales, the Apaches, the Tontos, and Coyoteros. They are all very fine horsemen. The woman ride well, also, and have the same position on the animal as the men. It would rather astonish you to see them dashing down a mountain at full speed, while they seem quite uncou scious of doing anything unusual. "About this time we had nothing to eat except beef, and that without salt. We had no flour, no coffee, no sugar, no beans, no bread, no rice. You may well imagine how glad we were . when we were enabled to buy some frijolos, pumpkins, and salt from'the Indians. Just imagine a young gentleman who used to sport a jimmy hat, blue coat grey pants, standing collar, and patent leathers on Pennsylvania avenue, sitting down on the ground to an elegant collation of cold beef?and nothing else?dressed in ragged pants, a stiU nx>re ragged coat, a pair of boots which seem to have been made on the principle of letting water run out as soon as it gotin; and, to cap the climax, a 'shocking bad hat,' with the addition of a large pistol and bowie knife stuck in His belt, and a large Missisr . r 1 , ? ... . sipi nne lying across nis Knees, and you will have an idea of your humble servant, and what may be truly styled a 4 hard looking case.' " The men and women of these tribes wear their hair short. Their arms are the bow and arrow and the lance. These are the Indians whom Major Emory mentions as being very treacherous. They were very friendly to us, however; but the reason of it was that they supposed we were the Indian commissioners, whom they expect to treat with them and- make them presents. It was a very lucky thing for us that the Indians were under this delusion regarding . us, for they had some beautiful chances of giving us a sound thrashing, as we frequently were obliged to pass through deep and narrow canons in the mountains. 44 We worked steadily on, making about six M J ? J - - ' 1 1 Junes a uay uu an average, auu passing lurougn some of the most beautiful scenery. The only drawback was our destitution of provisions, having nothing to eat but beef. We reached the mouth of the San Pedro- about the 1st of November last., when a messenger was despatched to the Pimos villages for provisions, as the Commissary had been ordered to meet us there with wagons. We remained a few days at San Pedro, in order to build a boundary monument, and then proceeded down the river. "The whole of this country is covered with every variety of the cacti, but* at the time we came through they were not in bloom, nor could I obtain any seed. 1 succeeded, however, in ob taining some seed of the cercus yigantcus, which I still have. Everything else that I collected was lost, as I was obliged to trust my curiosities to the tender mercies of a teamster, and all arc gone, as well as all my baggage; so that I arrived at San Diego with all of my goods and chattels on my back." "Sax Dif.go, Feb. 14 " At length the various parties which left the Copper Mines in August last, for the survey of the Gila river, are re-united at this place. The urvey of the Gila was completed to within about ... ?:i? ..e : :.i. .1,,. r>..1..*.,.1,-, ;ri s Al\ IIIIIO Ui ll> jUllCUUd \>1UI Hie Wivuiuu, ... -j?itc of obstacles which woukl liavc deterred moil of less en erg)'. The work was only abandoned from fear of starvation." " The surveying party lived tor more than twenty days upon beef, without other food, even salt, and the fear of being without this compelled them to abandon the work. Mr. Hartlett's recovery at Ures was slow, and he remained in so feeble a state that his physicians decided that it would be imprudent for him to attempt an overland journey. Accordingly, our little party was placed under the direction of Dr. Webb, and left Ures on the 14th of December, while Mr. B. proceeded to Guaymas, to take passage by sea for this place. After meeting with various detentions, ho reached here on the 9th inst., much to the gratification of those who, ignorant of the cause of his delay, were awaiting his arrival. "A party of Mormons arrived at Santa Cruz . on the same dav. with us. They numbered some ' twenty men, with women and children in proj portion. They are mostly from Iowa, ami were on their way to settle in the valley of the Colo. rado, in accordance with the revelations of the Prophet Esdras, who has designated that as the promised land of the 'Latter Day Saints.' They belong to the 'Brewsterite' division ot the sect, and hold no fellowship with the followers of Joe Smith; indeed, none holding to such heresies as those promulgated by 'Saint Joe' are to be allowed to enter their Canaan. These people lirtve had a long journey across the country from the Rio Grande. A nttmbe- of their oxen had been stolen by the Ie^ .id their wagons were mostly drawn I s. They seemed to be in a destitute coim. . and it was uainfUl to see families who had left happv lmmes in a land of plenty toiling through a desert inhospitable country trusting in the visions of a dreaming fanatic. One of their party, Silas Crandnll, of Iowa, was shot by the Indians a few days before they arrived at that town. We left Santa Cruz, on the 20th of December, and struck across the mountains into the valley of the river, thus avoiding a largo curve, which we must have made had we followed the regular road." Water Melon Bitter.?A correspondent of the Prarie Farmer, presents the following method of using water melons: "I endeavor every year to raise a goo 1 watermelon patch. They are a healthy and delightful fruit, I think. I cultivate the ice rind variety; plant early in May, and again towards the close of the month, so that they may come in succession. When they commence ripening we commence eating, and use them freely during the hot weather. When the weather becomes cool in Septftinlier, we limit n <|uo>tity of tlwm t?> tli? house, split them open with a spoon, scrape out j the pulps into a cullender, and strain the water into vessels. We boil it in an iron vessel down to syrup, then put in apples or pe. ehes, like making apple butter, and boil slowly, until the fruit is well cooked, then spic- t-> taste, and you have i soiit' thing that, most of p.-..pic ?lli prefer to ap-; pie butter, or any kind of pje.erves. (>r the sy ruj) may 1)? D >;ie(l without im:t <i?wn i<> nioias *ps, which will be foinul t?? l> as tine as tin* best 1 sugar house molasses. We have made of a fall j as much as ten gallons of the apple butter, if I ; mav so call it. and molasses, which has kept 1111- j til May in a fine condition." One tiiofsand TIIKEE fiTNDRGD AND FIFTV j hales Cotton Birnt.?On Thursday night last,: 18th inst. afire broke out in one f the large ' Warehouses of Messrs. J. It. Love and Co. at Whitesburg, Ala. which soon communicated! to 1 their Warehouses, and also those of Messrs. j Torbet and Uloyd, destroying their contents.' It is estimated that about 1,3.30 bales of Cotton were consumed?about 700 barrels of Salt? a quantity of Groceries, Bacon, tfeo. About 50 bn'cs of Cotton were saved, with a small portion of other articles. The fire spread with such rapidity as to put it beyond the power of man to save the property consumed. Tlx. ln? i< a hn.ivv one?*00.000 will we sun pose, about cover it. It falls mostly upon the I farmers?many losing their entire crop?others ! a portion of their croj>. The loss is very gene- j rally diffused and while it will not break any one, yet will operate very prejudicial upon the community?for the burning of so much Cotton is like consuming that much of the circulating! medium of the country. The value of the cutton is about *40,00 which, when sol I, would haue brought that much money into the country. a\d into general circulation. It is n >t known, we believe, how the fire originated.?Huntsvilfe Advocate, 2\th lust. Various Statistics.?The railways of Britain have cost twelve hundred millions of dollars; thecanals thirteen hundred millions; the docks one hundred and fifty millions. There are 35,000 merchant vessls: 385 war vessels; 520 yachts. All together represent a tonnage of 4,703,000 tons, and are manned by 200,000 men. An average of one vessel is lost at every tide. Thr? nnmunt of rfi.il minul in IVnnsvlvnnia (luring the year 18-51 was l,40u,000 tons of bituminous and 4,900.000 of anthracite, of which the aggregate value is $22,000,000. 'J he coal fields of Pensyl varna cover 15,000" square miles; those of Great Britnn cover 11,000 s<juare miles. The first are above or within the water level; the second from 900 to 1800 feet below the surface of the ground. Parson Green is still in the habit, sometimes, < f drawing upon a banvl of sermons, bequeathed him by his father, who was also a minister. Upon one occasion he got hold of a sermon, by mistake, which the old gentleman had once preached to the State Prison convicts. It opened well, and the congregation were becoming deeply interested, when all at once the parssn surprised tlietn with the information that "had it tint been lor the clemency of the Governor, every one of them would have boon hung a long time ago." | THE SEMI WEEKLY JOURNAL, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 2, 1852. THO. J. WARREN, Editor. . Our Market. The Cotton Market remains without change, with light receipts. Extremes, 5 to 7 1-2. Our Court Adjourned on Wednesday afternoon last, after a session of nearly three days. No cases of material interesl were tried, and fortunately there was but little to dc on tlie part of the State, the Solicitor remaining onlj one day. Judge O'Neall's Address, On Tuesday evening lost, at Temperanco Tfall, was one of the usual efforts of his Honor. The subject o! Temperance is an old and hackneyed one, and but few speakers can invest it with the interest which invaria bly attends his speeches. Clear and forcible, ho nevei fails to impart instruction and carry conviction home tc the minds and hearts of his hearers. May he be long spared to the State that the force of his words a:,d pur( example, may tell for years to come on the moral ad vancement of our people. Tho Giant Has Come! The Nova Scotia Giant boy may now be seen al Temperance Hall, decidedly the most wonderful sped men of humanity of modern times. Those who have not seen him should embrace the present opportunity J of doing so, as his stay will be positively limited tc three days. It is entirely unnecessary that we slioulc attempt a description of his highness; an outline was attempted after we had gratified our curiosity in Charles ton. Go and see for yourself, and you will be satisfied Acknowledgements. To lion. R. Barnwell Rhett, Hon. D. "Wallace and lion. J. A. Woodward, we arc indebted for receni Congressional favors. CJTGen. James II. Adams has been nominated a* a candidate to represent this Congressional District, ir place of Mr. Woodward, who declines a re-election. Executive Clemency. We understand, says the Carolinian of Wednesday llntt Governor Means has exercised the power vestec in him by the Constitution, and pardoned from furthei imprisonment ,T. M. E. Sharp, who was found guilty of manslaughter at the late term of our court. A Mistake. The advertisement which appeared in our paper? " tlllrt*', "a readier watueo, in me neiguwriiwu ui nnvi < Ferry"?is altogether a mistake, as we are informei by Mr. J. W. Baskin. A Strange Affair. It appears that recently in the city of Charleston, i Rev. Mr. Leahy, formerly a Catholic Priest, propose* to give lectures in which he would exposo the abomi nations of the Roman Catholic Priesthood. This, a; might have been expected, was not relished so well bj the Catholics, and they determined that the Rev. Gen tlcman should not be heard. Accordingly a mob as scmbled around the Hall doors of the Lcctufer, an< threatened to do violence in case of his attempting t< proceed. The City police wag called out?to do what Nothing! The mob triumphed,-and in that case tin majority ruled. Application was then made to tin City Council to protect Mr. Leahy in lecturing, a rigli which, as a citizen of the United States, he unquestion ably had: and protection not being afforded onlj demonstrates tlio power which mobocracy has gainei in our land. We have always heard that the right o speech?freedom of speech, was a certain and in alieuablo right, which every man might clain in our land of liberty. It seems, however, tha the order of things has changed, and none arc to bi allowed this privilege unless the mob is willing. J prt'iiy pass iu uu auici Now it seems to us that if there u ero no ahomina tions in the Priesthood of the Kuinan Cliureh, that sure ly they would not object to .Vr. Leahy's being heard but wlierc there is so much smoke, there is obliged t< be some fire, elso why attempt concealment. If Mr Leahy is a humbug, let the learned- Bishop Reynolds or the accomplished Pr. Lynch expose him as suchlet them meet him with argument, and not with clubs This is not the way to do things in a civilized coinmu nity; and for the City Conned of Charleston, With : General at their head, to be intimidated by a recklesi mob, betokens a sad state of affairs?is directly one o the evils resulting from the overwhelming tide of emi gration which is daily pouring in upon us, and wliicl will roll onward, and still onward, until our govern ment in its principles, we fear, will be changed, We know nothing of Mr. Leahy or his pretentions We advocate the right of speech. As an Americai citizen ho has the right 'e Ik heard; and it is the dutj of the proper authorities to nrotect him in that right. We like th? remarks of/.' 'man Gilliland, before the City Council?they aro the words of one who is nol afraid of consequences: "Aid. OrUiland remarked, that he hoped the gentleman would he allowed to proceed. That tor himself, he apprehended no disturbance in consequence of his lecturing. That it was very much in the power of the Catholic clergy to restrain any outbreak on the part of their people; and that even if riot did ensueT he was clearly in favor of the right of any citizen to preach or lecture, let the consequences be what they might. Hut he repeated his belief that no valid objection could be taken to this proceeding, and that no- violence would ensue. It rested with the Catholic clergy to prevent it. Aid* Drummond followed up the discussion in these words: "The Rev. Gentleman present, Dr. Leahy, I have never seen before, and know nothing of him or his lectures. The Rev, Bishop John England arrived in this city about thirty-three years ago, and delivered a course of lectures weekly for some time to prove the Scriptures to be a divine Revelation from God, which I atten ck'd. His discourse on the resurrection of Jesus Christ, was equal to any on that subject I have ever heard, and could he arise out ot his grave I would go and hear him deliver it again. Hie remarks against the Protestant Churches in this city were very severe but he was ably answered by the Rev. John Bachman, D. 1>. At the same time, the Rev. Joseph Galluchat, who was educated to be a Roman Catholic Priest, and then a Clerk in the United States Bank, also replied; and I think with success. At that time there was no riot or disturbance of the public peace, and why should it be so now ?" In reply to remarks of several Aldermen, Aid. D. subsequently added: "I have heard nothing said why the Rev. Gentleman should not be heard at any place or hall he may get, and that the Rev. Bishop J. A. Reynolds, or the Rev. P. N. Lynch, D. D. should not be heard in reply, if they think fit or proper so to do. I remark farther that, should the Roman Catholic Churches in this city be attacked by a mob, I would be there to defend them to worship God accorning to the dictates of their conscience." Alderman Gilliland again expressed himself as 1 favorable to the unrestricted right of speed). No denomination should shrink from having its doctrines tested. As a member of the Presbyterian Church he was willing for its tenets to be dis, cussed, and saw no reason why any other should -V. , 4~ - l?l?? mbaaaa,),,,/. Tf rttit, Ann /vinnnf p UUJtX't LU <* lirvu piVA;ccuni^. x? nnj v/mv vmmmv. r bear the light, let it be exposed. Prejudice. Perhaps there is no passion that exerts a stronger influence thau prejudice. Its effects arc so general and | so often disguised, that they not unlrequcntly escape our notice. If wo will enter into a close examination of ourselves, we will discover its operations, where we did not suspect its existence. As it is easier to discern the motives of others than t to look into our own principles of action, so will we the . more readily see this power operating on our fellow* , men, than governing our own feelings. How frequent* . ly do wc hear an opinion expressed of persons or things, , where the party judging has had no opportunity to | lorm u corruui usuujuiu. , Prejudice arises from ignorance or aversion, some. times from both; these sources of error should be'carefully guarded against; truth cannot be discovered where the judgment is biased. * * A SMALL LOT OF SUNDRIES. L The River at Vicksuurg.?The Vicksburg Whig, of Tuesday says: 3 ''Tho Mississippi River is still rising rapidly at this i point, and serious apprehensions are now entertained that there will be an overflow. If the rumors are correct as to the rise in tho Upper Rivers, these apprehensions arc well founded, and tho planters upon the i river bank should look well to their levees." ' Fiuud on the Government.?Daniel Palmer has r been arfested in New York, at the instance of Mr. Cole, a clerk in the Pension Office at Washington, charged with making out and transmitting fraudulent papers to procure a land warrant, pension, extra pay, Ac., claimed to be due the widow of James Lynch. , Read, Mark, learn and inwardly Digest.?"Fathj er, what does the printer live on?" "Why, child?" "Because you said you hadn't paid him for years, and still you take the paper. 'Wife, spank that child." Death of Col Benton's only Son.?John Randolph 1 Benton died at St. Louis, on tho 17 th instant. Tho St. 1 r ?r ii<o iftti, <nvo Lf> \va? but twentv-two J-/VU1D U IIIV/1i Vi liiw *vvii .j?.; ? ?v ? ?- j * years of age. 3 A "Tree Society" is about being formed in East Bos' ton, for the purposo of rapidly studding the principal public ayenucs with ornamental trees. , The Baptist State Convention of Mississippi have resolved to rase $100,000 for endowing a College in that j State. e "flrrigh Xotea" is tho narr.e of a new daily Whig pa2 per just started at Buffalo, N. Y. It is Whig in polit tics, and advocates the nomination of Millard Fillmore . to the next presidency. r The first duel in New England was fought by two 1 servants with a sword and dagger. Neither of them f was killed, but both were wounded. For their offence - they were formally tried before the whole company of i settlers, and sentenced to have their "heads aird feet t tied togetlier, and so to be twenty-four hours without s drink." ^ The Captcrer or Lopez Rewarded.?The man named Castaneda, who captured Lopez, has returned to Havana, laden with honors. Tho Queen gave him $6,000, and made him a captain in the rural militia ' with a salary of $110 a month; ten negroes and a tract ' j ofinnd have been given to him. The order of Isabel ' decorates his person; his children are to bo educated ^ at the expense of the government; and while in Spain, he was permitted the farce of kissing the hands of the ' Queen and the little princess. He can neither read nor write. . Hoh. R. J. "Walker, ex-Sercretnrv of tho Treasury, has been for some time ill at Rvegate, a small town between Brighton and London, in Knglamd. j The Daily Wisconsin says that tho emigration from Wisconsin to California exceeds belief. Forms are sold for half the value, by persons in haste to migrate to' the Iantl of gold, i A private telegraphic despatch received in Charlesr ton from New-Orleans, bearing date the 29th instant, states the receipts of Cotton there, so far, have been i 1,110,000 bales, and that the excess in the receipts at ; all the Southern ports as compared with last year, comprises 450,000 bales. Correspondence of the Southern Standard. Washington, March 27, 1852. The Senate, after spending yesterday on the private calendar, adjourned over until Monday. The House was occupied in debating the deficiency bill under thet five minutes' rule yesterday and to-day, when the bill was finally passed?a majority of the Democrats voting against it. It is much to be regretted that the House failed to vindicate its independence by refusing to pass fUo Kill Tlio loot (\"*nfYrAcc rlnirn fnn octi. tlK Uliit X ll\i JCVl VUII^IVW VUl UV 1? II IUV Wl/i mates for the army near two millions of dollars, which was saying, in unmistakeable terms, to the President, the expenses of the array are too great, and you must for this year reduce them within the limit of the appropriation.' But the President and Secretary of War not only wilfully refused to obey this mandate of Congress, but they have not condescended to furnish Congress with the items of expenditure or the reasons therefor. When interrogated thereunto, their only reply has been that they could not execute the public sen ice without a larger expenditure than was provided for them. It is greatly to be feared that hereafter Congress, so fair from being the custodians of the public purse, will become the mere instrument of the President to legalize his profligacy. The Democratic Convention of Virginia adjourned yesterday, the close of its session having been much more harmonious than its beginning. The Convention declined expressing a preference for cither of the candidates now prominently before the public. It was understood that about HA one-third were for Douglas, another-third for Buchanan, with the remaining third undecided. The whole number of delegates was about Jive hundred, and it is said that only two were for Cass and the same for Sam Ilouston. The delegates to Baltimore are to be selected by district v n : 1 conventions in eacn congressional uinwwu hk Convention appointed electors for President and Vice President. Mr. Wise is among the nnmber. They endorsed the Baltimore resolutions of 1844 and 1848, declared in favor of the policy of Washington, and against intervention?opposition to distributing the public lands among the States. Gov. Cobb was at the Convention in Richmond?no doubt feeling the pulse of the Virginians to ascertain how his stock stood in the market He was also very solicitous to have a compromise "finality" resolution adopted, but it was no go. The Convention never mentioned \ compromise in a single resolution. The position of that State is, as Dr. Averett says, a -suiien endurance" of the measure without approving or endorsing it?a wrong too great to be approved, and not monstrous enough to justify Virginia in plunginginto the unexplored recesses ? of disunion and revolution. . Gov. Cobb has, no doubt, returned to Geor- I gia with a heavy heart, filled with many poignant regrets that he ever lent his influence and position to batter down the Democracy of the i South, and the guardians of the rights of the * State. Ho desires to reinstate himself in the party, but after his desertion of real republican principles, he must content himself with serving in the ranks as a private, before he can get another commission. Let him become a probationer until he has purge J himself of the unholy contamination of the alliance with Toombs, .Stephens <k Co. The weather has been dark and gloomy for two days past, yesterday at three o'clock, it became so dark in the House of Representatives, A from the sky being overcast with black tfciclNaf^ clouds, that the chandelier had to be lighted up, * and all the gas lights, to see how to proceed with the public business. At four o'clock, this evening, candles were < 1 lighted at the dinner tables. Observer. Correspondence cf the Journal of Commerce. Washington. Friday. March 20. The Tariff question in Congress is not yet cn' tirely defunct. There is now a strong probability that Senator James'project will be revived. ? I have, from time to time, advised you of the (j condition and the terms of that proposition. It has never yet been brought forward in Congress, | for the reason that the parties to it have not en- ' tirely agreed as to all its details. jjj The project was substantially as follows : -Jj To remit duties on Railroad iron, for three 9 years, but to add 10 per cent to the rate of du- <9 ties on other iron; and after the term of three 9 years to add 10 per cent on Railroad iron also. a To remit duties on certain raw materials, dye 9 stuffs, <fcc., entering into domestic manufactures, 9 and reduce duties on certain common fabrics, 9 and to impose an additional duty of ten per cent 9 on fine fabrics of cotton, wool, etc. Atone time .9 it was understood that this project was accepted 9 by the Whigs, who are interested in or represent 9 the iron and other manufactures ; but it was, as ag I lately iriforined you, rejected by them on fur- w ther consideration, and partly from the belief 9 that, in consequence of the apparent divisions in 9 the Demacratic party, General Scott would be. H elected President, bringing after him, in JuoJHB time, a Whig Congress. 9 Cnriofrwr T.ininc lia<l cinvnA/lml in rtlitftininir Mo for the measure the assent and siipj>ort of a suf- ||S ticient number of Democratic Senators and morn- Vk bers, to it sure its success, in co-operation with iw| the Whig members who we're expected to sup- | me I now learn that the Whigs, who have been consulted, have reconsidered the proposition, and ! manifested some disposition to support it. This w proposition is undoubtedly the best that can be ? obtained for the manufacturing interest, and jl even that can only be obtained, as a Democratic ^ measure, and through democratic influence. It B is bv no means probable that a Whig protective jfi tariff can ever be got. It will be some yeaw-be-s^B fore the free trade Democratic party will lose thc^B Senate, if they do at all. 99 To attempt to benefit the iron interests, by an SB increased duty on railroad iron, at this time, B when so many railroads are in progress or ill B contemplation will be absurd and useless. It is IffiS proposed, therefore, as a better measure for the iron interests, that the construction of road* jfi should be facilitated, by a remission of the duty IS for three years; after which the American iron p masters would have the beuefit of the relay, and W of new roads. 2 Annual Report of the Bible Sociktv.? iw The Forty-First Annual Report of the Bible So- tfl ciety is before us, and presents a satisfactory 91 view of its operations. There were sold anct j? distributed 2,573 bibles and testaments for the jffl year ending the 31st December last Eighty SI bibles were presented f >r the use of the Moul- 9|| trie House, Sullivan's Island, in May last The number distributed for the use of the steamers, packets, <fec? tniding between this and neighbor- Hj ing ports was 105, of ordinary size, for state Wm rooms and berths, and 16 of royal octavo for the HB saloons. Sixteen were presented for the use of Gfl h; Sailors' Home. The receipts of the year have been $1,281,- fimj which, with the balance at the commencement BE of the year, makes the amount iu the Treasurer'sJHH hands $1,680 44. The disbursements have boen'TR $624 25 ; excess of receipts over disbursements fi|j| $1,680 14. tflS Two agencies have been instituted, one for the HS Upper Wards of the city, North of Calhounstreet, under the Rev. J. R. Pickett, and the other for the Lower Wards, under the Rev. U. jfiHB S. Bird. j? The list of members at the last Annual Report- JHn numbered 204; the present number i? 223, an" increase of 19, notwithstanding lass by death* and resignation. The Report concludes tfith; Hffl unabated hope of the continued usefulness of the institution, being now in existence forty-two* BH years.? Charleston Evening jYcws. ?B Mississippi.?The Legislature of Mississippi H| adjourned on the 2-3d inst., without districting lag the State for Congressional representation, and gjffi without electing U. S. Senator for the long term. Kg The Vicksburg Whig understands that 0<W. Footc will call a special scasion of the Legal* Ib|