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legislature of South Carolina.
November 29. SENATE. The journal having been read, Mr. Moses, on the part of the Judiciary Com mittee, made a favorable report on tne cm 10 amend the law in relation to Sheriffs; ordered for consideration to-morrow and to be printed; also a favorable report on the resolution of inquiry in relation to amending the law in respect to the charge and management of derelict estates. Committee reported by bill, recommending a repeal of the law; which received its first reading, aud was ordered for consideration, and to be printed. Mr. Moses, from the Judiciary Committee, submitted an unfavorable report upon the bill to define the duties and liabilities of Sheriffs; also a favorable report upon the bill to amend the law in relation to words of limitation in deeds and wills, recommending the passage of the bill j with amendments. Ho gave notice tliat ne would on to-morrow introduce a bill for the establishment of a Bank in the town of Sumteiville; also a bill to change the system of pleadings in courts of law. Mr. Adams presented the Memorial of the First Baptist Church in Columbia, praying for an act of Incorporation. Mr. Evins, on the part of the Committee appointed to count the votes of a United States Senator, to fill the unexpired term of the Hon. R. B. Rhett, reported that the Hon. W. F. De-1 Saussure had received 106 votes. Whereupon the President of the Senate announced that the Hon. W. F. DeSaussure was duly elected to fill the unexpired term. The general orders of the day were now taken up and disposed of. Exceptions being taken to the bill to limit the jurisdiction of Magistrates, in small and mean causes, to their respective beats, it was, on motion of Mr. Moses, recommitted with a view to perfect the bill. Pursuant to notice, Mr. Moses introduced a bill to extend the Charter of the Bank of the State of South Carolina, which received its first reading, and was, on motion of Mr. Marshall, or dered to be printed. Mr. Porter offered the followfng Resolution, viz: Resolved, That tue Governor be, and he is hereby authorized to apply the unexpended balance of the sum appropriated for the publication of Mr. Calhoun's manuscript works on Government and the Constitution towards the nub I lication of his speeches and papers, in such manner as he shall deem most advantageous to the interests of the family of Mr. Calhoun. ? . Mr. Porter said it might be proper to make some remarks in explanation of this resolution. It would be borne in mind by the Senate that an appropriation of $10,000 had been made by the Legislature for the publication of the works of Mr. Calhoun on Government and the Constitution, of which it was designed that the profits should accrue to the benefit of the family of Mr. Calhoun; but that the objects of the appropriation had wholly failed, in consequence of the works having been published in Charleston, where no such facilities existed for giving curren? cy and circulation to new and valuable publications as obtained in New York, where the large publishing houses, from their connection with the book-selling establishments throughout the Union, were enabled to effect an immediate and avtonciva colo Ac n m^nenro fr>r thr> benefit of Mr. Calhoun's family, the liberal appropriation of the Legislature had thus failed of its object. That $7,000 of it had been expended in printing the work now before the public. There reraain:ed $3,000 still unexpended, and there were five or six volumes of speeches, and a life yet to be published, and the object of his resolution was to place that balance at the disposal of the Governor, to be so.expended by him as he might deem most likely to promote the objects of the liberality of the Legislature. Mr. Marshall said he voted cheerfully for the original appropriation, and he did so for the sole purpose that the family of Mr. Calhoun might be benefitted. He "regretted that, from any causes, the objects of the appropriation had failed. He did not exactly understand how the small balance that still remained unexpended could be so employed as to accomplish the ori?t ?? 1 /vlviAof onrl Knnrrm/1 fn IrriAW wllttf fflA TTnn glllcll UUJWby 0UU w ?*-W" " ??V V..~ ? ? Senator proposed. What plan he would suggest. Mr. Porter said the course was a plain one. The New York houses were willing to take the edition now on hand, and procure a sale for them, and it was proposed to get a New York house to publish the other volumes in the series, so that ultimately the profits of the sales of these works might subserve the ends originally contemplated. Resolution agreed to, and ordered to the House of Representatives. Mr. Dudley offered the following resolution : Resolved, That hereafter no claims for printing done in the newspapers shall be considered by the Legislature, unless they be accompanied by the oaths of the proprietors of such newspapers, verifying the accounts presented against the State, and also by one or more of the printed articles for which the charges in the accounts are made. After some discussion adopted, and ordered to the House of Representatives. On motion of Mr. Nowell, the Senate adjourned. T-tflTTCF DruuforvT * Turrc nv w uii VI ItU Xilll V ?iO. The House met to-day at 12 o'clock in. Mr. Charles presented the petition of sundry citizens of Darlington, praying the formation of a new election precinct in the District of Darlington. Referred. O 1 1 .1 1> I * me ?peaker auuuuuccu jmi. x uppciuicirn s bill?"showing the manner in which tho Electors for President and Vice-Presideut shall herealt<*r be elected in South Carolina"?the special order for to-day, at 1 o'clock. Mr. Keitt moved that the special order be discharged, and that it be made the special order for Thursday. Mr. J. B. Campbell moved to amend, by substituting 0 o'clock, this evening. Mr. Hunt considered it was tho duty of the House to go forthwith into the business in order, as it was obvious no advantage could be gained by deferring to to-morrow what could be done to-day. The question was then taken on the amendment of Mr. Campbell, by yeas and nays, which ?MM??W?? WM resulted?yeas 21, nays 86. On the original motion being put, Mr. Tillinghast addressed the House in favor of the motion. Mr. Campbell said that if it would be deemed a convenience for purposes of consideration to defer action upon the bill to Thursday, lie would be happy to vote in that way; if it was required as a matter of eourtesv. he was sure the House would consent, if not be considered the better way would be to proceed with the business in regular order. Mr. Iveitt said, his object was to enable the House to dispose of other business of importance. He did not require consent as a matter of courtesy. The motion was then put and carried. ? Mr. McGowan, from the Committee on the Military, reported in favor of a bill exempting the surviving Officers and Soldiers, of the Palmetto Regiment from ordinary duty with a recommendation that it do pass. Also a bill authorizing the raising of a Volunteer Company; within the limits of the 23d Reg't S. C. M., ordered to be printed. Mr. Gadberry reported from the Committee on the Military in favor of the restoration of the law allowing sutlers to retail spirituous liquors at the Company Muster Grounds; ordered to be printed. Mr. Bates, pursuant to notice, introduced a bill to alter and amend the 10th section of the Mihtia law of this State so as to enable Colonels of Regiments to levy their own tines, iteterreu. Mr. Trade well's resolution, instructing the Committee on Education to inquire if there was any consolidationist or abolitionist a Professor in the South Carolina College, was, on motion of Mr. Middleton, laid on the table. After disposing of some unimportant business on the general order, the House adjourned. November 30, 1852. SENATE. Pursuant to notice Mr. Ilarllee introduced a bill to amend the Charter of the Wilmington and Manchester Railroad Company. Head, referred to the Committee on Internal Improvements and ordered to be printed. Mr. Moses, on the part of the Judiciary Committee, reported the bill considered yesterday, limiting the jurisdiction of Magistrates to their respective beats, with amendments. Pursuant to notice, Mr. Moses asked leave to introduce a bill to establish a Bank in the town of Sumterville. Pursuant to notice, Mr. Dudley introduced a bill to provide for a system of registration of births, marriages and deaths. Read, referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and ordered to be printed. Pursuant to notice, Mr. Mazyck introduced a bill to prevent in this State the circulation of notes or bills under the denomination of five dollars issued by Banks of other States. Ordered for consideration to-morrow and to be printed. Mr. Carew, from the Committee 011 Finance nnrt Tinrika ciihinitlprl an inforestinflr and favor able report on the memorial of the Blue Ridge Railroad Company, soliciting a subscription and loan an. the jinrt of tlio State and for incorporation. The Committee reported by bills, which were read, ordered for consideration to-morrow, and to be printed, together with the Report of the Committee. Mr. Moses, from the Judiciary, made a favorable report on the bill entitled an act to amend an act in relation of the law for harboring deserted seamen, and moved its immediate consideration. No objectiou being made, the bill received its second reading and was ordered to be sent to the House of Representatives. The Senate now proceeded to the general orders of the day. The Report of the Committee of the Judiciary, on a bill introduced by Mr. Moorman, to alter and amend the Law concerning the office, duties, and liabilities of sheriff's, gave rise to some debate, in which Messrs. Moorman and Moses participated, after which Mr. Moorman moved to lay the report upon the table and take up the bill with a view to test the s^nse of the Senate on its merits. Motion not carried. A motion was now made for the adoption of the Report, which was agreed to. The bill to amend the law in relation to Sheriffs received its second reading, and was ordered to the House of Representatives. A bill to de Clare and amend the Jaw m relation to words ot limitation in deeds and wills was, on motion of Mr. Moses, placed in the general orders of the day for to-morrow. A bill to repeal all acts and parts of acts authorizing Ordiuaries to take possession of and administer derelect estates received its second reading, was agreed to, and sent to the House of Representatives for concurrence. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. Rice presented the petition of sundry citizens of Union, praying the Legislature to enforce the more prompt delivery of freight by Railroad Companies. Referred. Mr. Mullius asked leave to introduce a bill, authorizing the State to grant aid in the construction of the Cheraw and Darlington Railroad. Mr. Hunt introduced a bill to extend the charter of the Bank of the State of South Carolina. A motion being made to refer this bill to the Committee of Ways and Means. Mr. Hunt observed that as this was exclusively tt OUIIU iuatlt'1 , lilt? Ut'lllT ? ?l \ WHS ll? IUlt'1 It IU ?l I Committee of the Whole, and make it the spe- J cial order for Friday at 10 o'clock. Agreed to. j Mr. Hampton, pursuant to notice, introduced a bill to authorize the South Carolina Railroad Company to construct a bridge over the Congaree river. Referred to the Committee 011 Internal Improvements. A bill making compensation for Managers of elections was next considered. Mr. Leitner moved that one dollar per day be allowed while engaged in this service. Mr. Thompson moved to amend by substituting one dollar and a half. Not entertnincd. ... The question was then taken on the motion of Mr. L eitner. Lost. Mr. Thompson then moved that the further consideration of that bill be postponed indefinitely. Agreed to. General Cass and the Cabinet.?1The Detroit Tribune learns from some of the most intimate friends of Gen. Case, in that city, that he would not, under any circumstances, consent to accept of any position in the new cabinet. Cotton. Cotton is by much the most important element in the commerce of the world. It is the chief and most valuable article both in the domestic and export trade of the United States, and is the great staple production of the South ? and not this continent only, but the whole world, has a deep concern in everything effecting the produc ?-i ?t e ""it ,i."l lion auu price or conou. jjeiice rue iiiiAiciy <mu interest with which on both sides of the Atlantic, is discussed the question of the probable amount of the present crop of cotton. A recent number of a British journal, the Economist, presents some facts and submits some speculations concerning the probable prices and production for the growing crop of cotton which cannot fail, to attract the attention of the-plfrnterythe merchant, and the manufacturer in this country, all of whom (as is indeed the entire community) are vitally interested in the subject. In Great Britain, the chief concern is as to the supply of cotton ; with us the question is as to the price of cotton. In effect these questions are one and the same, as the supply determines the price. The economist is of opinion that the pro sent crop of cotton will command even a higher j price than the last, and it supports its conclusion by adequate arguments. The cotton crop of the United States for the year ending August 31, 1852, reached 3,015,029 bales?being 659,772 bales increase upon the' crop of the last year, 918,323 bales increase upon the crop of the year preceding the last, and 028,051 bales more than the average crop of the last six years. 13ut the increase of consumption more than kept pace with the increase of production, and hence the price was enhanced and the stocks reduced. In September of 1852 the price of cotton was twenty per cent higher than in September of 1851. But the stocks were much smaller, as appears from the following table : Sep. 30, 1851. Sep. 30, 1852. Bales Bales Great Britain - 630,000 590,000 France - - 39,000 49,000 Remainder of Europe 61,000 78,000 730,000 717,000 We have no exact information of the stock in the United states, hut presume it is not greater than at the same period of last year, as the prices in Europe are higher. This phenomenon of a diminished stock and a higher price, in the face of a largely increased supply, is accounted for solely hy a greatly increased consumption. In Great liritain the weekly consumption of cotton in 1351 was 31,800 bales?in 1852 the consumption reached about 40,000 bales ; a week, or 2,000,000 per annum. On the continent there has been a corresponding increase of consumption. The direct shipments from the United States'to France in the present year have been 120,017 bales more than in the last, and to other ports of Europe 84,435 bales more. In the United States the consumption of 1850'51 was 404,000 bales; of 1851-'52 it was 603,000 bales ?a conclusive contradiction by the way, of the pretended distress of the manufacturing interest in this country. Thus it is seen that the increase in the consumption of cotton is greater than the iimronsn in nrriflimlinn nnrl wo lisivo overv roa son to believe inarttitr-wm conttrruc to be the case. The Economist says; " extensive mills are now in course of erection in Groat Britain and contends that the consumption of cotton there will continue to increase. We know that on the continent of Europe, and especially in Germany, the consumption of cotton is increasing steadily and rapidly ; and in the United States, notwithstanding the false, alarms of greedy capitalists, the example of thriving fnctorics is daily calling additional spindles into operation. It is not hazardous to assert that during the next twelve months the consumption of cotton throughout the world will continue to increase in an unprecedented ratio. But from the most reliable accounts the supply will not exceed, if indeed it will equal, the supply of 1951'52. Notwithstanding British experiments in Asia, Africa, and the West Indies, upon theSouth ern States of this Union the world is dependent for its supply of cotton, (the flax substitute being a dead failure.) It is probable, then, that the production of the Southern States will be equal to the increased consumption we are led to expect ? "Will the suppl) keep pace with the demand ? Nobody expects the crop of the present year to exceed the crop of last year, whilst many suppose it will be something less. The probable result of the growing crop is estimated at about 8,000,000 bales by persons competent to pronounce in the matter. Thus, while the consumption increases, the production scarcely remains the same?the supply lags behind the demand. Tlcncc flir> well-founded conclusion that the tiri **v"vv "*v ""'y " ~ * i ces of cotton will range higher during the next than during the past twelve months. Of course this result may bo prevented by war or other extraordinary contingencies, of which we make no account in our calculations. The imminent prospect of an inadequate supply of cotton from the growing crop excites serious apprehension in Great Britain. The Eeono mist says: uTo those who are familiar with cotton statistics; these figures may veil occasion grave consideration ; for stupendous as is the expansion of manufactures in this country, it will be found that the aggregate per centage increases in the consumption of cotton in foreign Europe surpasses even its rapid extension in Great Britain.? l* 1 .1-1 ..4V,... tl.? I wnen 11. is i<?uiui mat unci m?- i.h^->i, wi"j.< ? i collected in the United States, and with average production in other countries, the stocks of cotton are loss than they were twelve months aoo. i the momentous question arises : How is this demand for cotton to be supplied? Until recently tli? from the United States have iustitied the hope that t he crop now on the ground would have produced a yield even larger than the last crop; but from circumstances (which it is unnecessary to detail) such expectations can no longer he entertained, and the most recent and trustworthy reports from the cotton-growiug district show that, while in the New Orleans section the gcnoral aspect of their crop is not unsatisfactory, yet in the Atlantic States the appearance of the plant has become so unpromising that already apprehensions exist that the total product of the crop may be materially less than that of last year."? Washington Union. Ti|c lion. William A. Graham and the Hon. George E. Badger are among those spoken ol toi I Chief Justice of N. Carolina, vice Ruffin resigned. I THE SEMLWEEKLY JOURNAL ! FRIDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 3. 1852THO. J. WARREN, Editor. A Gentle Hint. On 4i.o fircf nr Tnnnnrr wo dcsitrn commencing1 a ; new system of operations. Our books will be examined, and those who have paid us nothing since 1850, need net bo surprised to find their papers stopped, and their accounts placed in proper hands for collection.? This rule will bo rigidly observed in regard to those residing out of the State, of many of whom we know nothing. Others personally known to us to be good, > we shall exercise our discretion. Some arrangement j like this is absolutely necessary, as it is impossible to j succeed in any business, particularly like ours, unless we get paid for our labor. Hereafter the Casii must accompany all orders for the paper. It will be found in the end mutually advantageous, and all parties will be greatly benefited. ' Our Cotton Market. ! The depression in our cotton market noticed on Tuesday continues, with prices rather in favor of buyers We quote at 7$ to 8|. Charleston quotations 8 to 9?. Sheriff. Thomas Baskin, Esq., was, on Monday last, elected Sheriff of this District without opposition. Burglary. A daring burglary was committed upon tho Silversmith and Jeweller's shop of Mr. I. B. Alexander, on Tuesday night last. The rogues effected an entrance through one of the sido windows, the shutter of which was not properly secured. Everything of value had been removed to a place of safety except a gold watch, which had been left in the shop for a customer, who did not call for it on that eveniug according to promise. This, with several old silver watches of little value, the rogues got. "We do not know if suspicion rests on any one as the perpetrator of the act. We hope, however that they may be detected. Editorial Correspondence. Columbia, Xov. 30. In my last there was a slight error: I should have said that the election for Senator on Monday, would bo to fill out tho unexpired term which Mr. Rhctt was elected to fill. As you will see, Mr. DeSaussure was elected without opposition. I did not telegraph as I promised, so that you must not blame the wires for not informing you. To-day (Tuesday) three ballots were held for Senator, for six years, from 4th March next, without an election. There wero several candidates, or rather we might say several gentlemen voted for, a few of whom were not fairly before the Legislature. We will give their names as nearly as we can: Judge Evans, Col. Pickens, Col. Clicsnut, Col. J. S. Preston, A. G. Magrath, Esq., Hon. W. F. Colcock, &c. At the first ballot, Judge Evans received 41 votes, Col. Pickt ens 31, Uol. Clicsnut 24; ttieso tnree ucing uie nigneai candidates. At the second ballot, the vote stood:? Evans 42, Pickens 3t>. Clicsnut 33. At the third and last ballot, to-day, Judge Evans' vote was increased a little; Col. Clicsnut received 41 votes, being the next highest, and Col Pickens next to Col. Clicsnut, so that you see, although our friend and Senator has not been elected, wo are still In nupu. mi'rosmn mu ui .mu advise you of if an election is accomplished, by Thursday night. The next Governor will bo Hon. John L. Manning* Gen. Adams has declined the contest. I can only give you such matters as are the subject of remark and speculation. The regular Legislative proceedings arc so well reported in tnc daily papers 01 this place, that it is needless for me to attempt to report them. I may, however, call tlio attention of our readers to one or tw o matters which aro the subject of debate, and will engage the attention of the Legislature at its present session. A Bill has been recommended by the Committee on Military affairs to exempt the surviving officers and members of the Palmetto ltegiment from Militia duty. This will likely pass; it is 110 more than ought to have been done long ago. The gallant Palmcttoes arc entitled to at least this much favor, and we hope the bill will pass. A bill has been read to charter a now Bank in Charleston, with a capital of one million of dollars, to be called the Farmers and Exchange Bank. A bill has been passed making it the duty of Sheriffs to execute Negroes and slaves when it becomes necessary, hiking this duty from Constables and placing it in the hands of the Sheriff. The Military Committee have also reported in favor of restoring the Sutler's law which, in their opinion "will not increase, but materially diminish, the uso of intoxicating liquors on the days of militnn nnrades." The bill nrovides?"That the com mantling officer of any Division, Brigade, Regiment, Battalion, Squadron, Troop or Company, wl.o shall call out tlio men under his command to muster, shall be, and he is hereby authorized and empowered to appoint a sutler to retail spirituous liquors at the Muster Ground of said Division, Brigade, Regiment, Battalion Squadron, Troop or Company, without any other license or permission: Provided, that the said Sutler, so appointed, do furnish a suitable lield to exercise the said troops on, to be approved by tlio commanding officer who shall have ordered the said muster, and shall furnish water for said troops. And, provided fur the-, that the said appointment shall only authorize the Sutler to retail spirituous liquors between the hours of ten in the forenoon and ? in the afternoon, on the day of Muster." "Wo shall hike occasion hereafter to give our j views upon this matter, stating now, that wo are op I posed to measures which authorize any man under | the sanction of legal authority to sell the stutl. Every | man has the right to express his opinion. The Board of Visitors of the State Military Acudc| my have determined to dismiss those Cadets who left the Citadel in Charleston without leave. Their nurn- i ber is about 2d. In the South Carolina College, about ouo hundred and ten Students, who signed resolutions against the i Stewards Hall, will be dismissed. It is a pity that unrigs nave oeen allowed to go this mr. it appears that the students became very much dissatisfied with the fare in the Commons Ilall, and had a meeting, about ono hundred and ten of whom pledged themselves not to pay the required sum for board. The Trustees are not willing to yield to the students in this matter, nor are the students willing to yield to them ; so the consequence will be, but few will remain, and the Collego for a whilo will be almost deserted. The graduating class have nothing to do with it, and the ! commencement will come oil'as usual. To-day I visited tho Palmetto Armory, and was sur-: prised ;u see tho operations by which such numbers of guns are made. They appear to be of a very superior j quality of workmanship aud material. This is something qni'o considerable for South Carolina; and to one who has never seen the like, it is not surprisin^^B that lie should stare and wonder. The place seleo^H^H for the Armory is quite a romantic spot?near the tary Academy?and operations are going on fully. The establishment is owned by Messrs.' (^HH & Boatwright WedxesdAr, Dec. To-day onr Editorial, or Convention of the Press^^^ will meet I do not know what is to be the order of tilings, it is hoped that it will prove something tnoro than a paper Convention?the history of all Conventions with us tor a tow years past, w eare wuiiug to go luui that Conveution and pledge ourselves to several regula tions, if they will be obscrv d in good faith by all the Conductors of the Press in tho State. The difficulty in the way is, that the inducement might sometimes be presented to deviate from the strict line, and if one breaks through there is an end to rules and regulations, particularly in establishing rates of advertising. If rates arc established it will be expected that every tnan will adhere to what he pledges himself to do. We can meet together, and become acquainted with each other, by which means it is likely we can better understand one another for the future?and let us hereafter avoid using language in our discussions which ;s not kind and courteous. The Press; of the State, wo are happy to say, in general, is high toned, and we hope it may never be otherwise?a mere tool for solSish, party purposes, would nt once destroy Its usefulness and fidelity-. Mr. Janney, of the American Ilotel, has extended an invitation to the press gang to call upon him, find *- ' enjoy Ins Hospitality. Tins is oniy in Keeping wiurmo man, and we have no doubt but lliat ho will find his generous offer accepted. ' *' J You havo seen the notice of the retirement of-Sfr. Bowman from the l'almetto State Banner. Wo regret losing his valuable services in the corps editorial,"he is a graceful and elegant writer and an accomplished gentleman. We wish lnm success in all his future undertakings Dr. R. W. Cibbes has charge of the Banner, and is now conducting the same. We havo hod the pleasure of forming his acquaintance, and havo no doubt tho Banner will thrive under his management. The Committee appointed to arrange the Congress-* ional Districts of the State will, I understand, report something like the following: Charleston District as it was, Colcock's District tlio same; the Pee Dee District tbc same with the addition of Lancaster; the Third District composed of York, Chester, Fairfield, Richland, Kershaw and Sumter; Gen. Wallace and CoL Orr, according to the present plan, would be thrown in the ~ same Congressional District How the matter will be disposed of finally wo are unable to say?there is considerable doubt whether this plan will be receive^ or not; one thing is certain, every person cannot be accommodated, and in the re-districting of the State, the good of the majority must be consulted. Wo can only have six members to Congress, and of coarse one of the present number will be obliged to stay at homcr-?ccording to tho arrangement proposed, -Gen. Wallace or Col. Orr will be that one. It is impossible now to say how it will be, as the whole matter may be changed from beginning to end. I will advise yo? at the Earliest moment of tho decision of this mutter; J(orvtfnon ^ v ' .Pttxni vviknt of the Ci;iian businesstr^tlie Republic of the 27th ult., contains the following official anuouueement: ^ * TV . . . t 1 "i'assca miusniproau iravenporc n?s oeen-removed from the command of the steamer, and we believe that no other officer of the navy will be permitted to enter thcservice ofthe company so long as its managers adhere to their present practice of converting the visits of their vessels into a source of annoyance to the Spanish officials.? With the view of preventing a repetition of the injur}* which the failure to insure the delivery of the Havana mails inflicts upon the mercantile classes of Cuba and of our own country, the Postmaster General has directed that the mails shall not be again despatched in the Crescent City, or in any other of the company's steamers which may have Purser Smith on board. In that case the mails will be transmitted to Charleston, and thence by the steamship Isabel to Cuba. The * Crescent Ci tv will thus be stripped of all semblance of official character or patronage. If Mr. Law choose to retain Purser Smith 011 board the Crescent City will sail as a private steamer commanded by a merchant captain, and having no pretence to claim immunities or consideration as an agent of the government. The authorities of Cuba may deal with it as with any other vessel violating their local laws and regulations, aadthe $ consequences will rest only upon Mr. Law's head." TI a ?? ?-? i?1ao CI. A !? i-.rl tvoo An Tlktma/lov* iiuu. viitiuco u? xibucituu ?t*o wii inuiQua^ morning selected for United States Senator by the lower branch of the New Hampshire Legislature, by a majority of five over all opponents. The Senate, says the N. Y. Herald, undoubtedly concurred in the nomination of Mr. A. during the afternoon. As an evidence of the extraordidinary reflux of John P. Hale's popularity, it is only necessary to notice that he received four votes out of two hundred and sixty-five. Tbc free School System. In mentioning this subject in our columns, we have no idea of inflicting upon our renders an unnccssarily long editorial. The importance of ~ ttin rUiinnf ?/> Kfl nt-toin/vt nnft Iiithprtn fjlt.ilA pf forts to accomplish it, is sufficient excuse for introducing the subject occasionally. Our only aim is to keep this matter before the minds of the people, until something definite and substantial is done to dispel the lamentable ignorance, which now wraps the intellectual capacities of a large portion of our people in the gloom, worse than Egyptain darkness. The enlightening and amplifying of the mental faculties, in an individual, is a sure criterion for a corresponding advance in his social and moral qualities. It is only when he is thus elevated, above the superstitutions of ignorance that ho can form correct ideas of his reUtions to his fellow man, of the true ends and aims of organized Governments and above all, it is then that he is most ahlc to comprehend his true po sition .as a moral and accountable being; and the man who has a just appreciation of his duties to his Creator, is in almost every instance a good citizen, and a valuable addition to any community. What is true of any one person, considered in its moral bearing, holds equally true of a number of persons united together, and living under a regular system of rules and regulations, mutually settled upon as the basis of their social inter