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ST. PAVL, Mipr,, Jtltf£,*S31. \." ... Doaksville, Feb. 19. \n\n Communications for the paper should bo address ed, postpaid, to the editor, tort Sneiiing, or to E. Jleill, St. Paul. TEKMS.—Tweuty-Fiye couta a yejir, iu advance. jfcatlioringft from the Traditionary His tory on itie Md«waka|itonu'uu Dako It Was while the.Dakotas occupied the 'country as stated in the last number of the rFriend, that they first became acquainted .with Europeans, a little more than two hun dred years ago. The Dakotas speak of a tribe of Indians very far away in the north, whom, they call Wa-sa-ka.-o-wa-sin-yu-ta-pi (eaters of un cooked food.) It is believed that this name 4s applied by them to the Esquimaux Indi ans and that it may be consequently infer red, that centuries ago, they were their ^neighbors. The Dakotas first met with white men while on the war path far in the south. The war party was a large one, and the white -men with whom (hey met were few. The 'Dakotas were penetrated with fear, and felt reverence for the white men similar to that which they feel for the gods. The white men were also agitated with fear. They extended the hand, trembling, to each oth er and freely exchanged presents. When a gun was exhibited, discharged, and pre sented to the Indians they drew back in ut ter amazement. They separated in peace and the Dakotas returned to astonish their families with the relation ot what had hap pened. The first trading post occupied by the French 'in the country of the Dakotas, of Which I have heard them speak, was located on the east shore of Lake Pepin near the foot of the Lake. They apply to the chief occupant of that post the name of Ti-ta-ni ke, (old inhabitant.) The next post seems to \have bee® on the Mississippi, a little above the mouth of Rice creek. While the post on Lal^e Pepin was occupied, several Frenchmen y^ere murder ed, with a few Dakotas, by a war party of Chippewas. At that time, also, a large war party of Ottawa Indians crossed Lake Pepin, from the west side, on a. rude raft, The place where they embarked was but a few rods distant from the present residence of Hon. James Wells. Previous to the opening of the trade among them, the Mde~wa-kan-ton-wans seem to have led a strictly erratic life. The skin lodge was their home wherever erected, and the successful war Prophet was their only acknowledged leader. Chiefs, such as are now recognized they had none. In other words, they had War Chiefs but no civil Chiefs, even inname.... The opening of the trad* formed an epoch in their life anfd his tory. The rude unwieldy kettles of home manufacture soon went into disuse, axes and knives of steel superseded those of stone, ilhe women being furnished with awls and needles ihrewaway the awkward bones which necessity b*d taught them to use, war clubs, arrows and spears glittered withiroq 'heads, fire-arms were gradually introduced' beads, instead of bones and claws of ani mals, loaded their necks, clay was exchang ed for paints and skins for blankets. Hut it seems that the most important changes which the trade wrought were, that they were taught to plant corn, and the Hunter was by the white man preferred to the War -fioti This latter seems to have been the origin of the present system of chieftaincy. The name of the earliest Mde-wa-kan ton-wan civil Chief which 1 have been able to learn, was Ru-pa-wa-kin-vani (Arms-of thunder.) He lived at the time when they planted corn on Rice Creek. At an early date the Mde-wa-kan-ton-wan division of the Dakota tribe split into two parties, one of which was denominated Wa kpa-a-ton-we-dan, and the other Ma-tan ton-wan. The former name signifies,— Those-who-dwell-on-the-creek,because they had their village on Rice Creek, a stream which empties into the Mississippi seven miles above the Falls of St. Anthony. /The signification of the latter name is unknown. It is said that Ta-te-psin,* Wa-su-wi-ca-xta xni, Ta-can-rpi-sa-pa, A-nog-i-na-jin, Ru ya-pa, and Ta-can-ku-wa-xte, whose names signify, respectively, Bounding-Wind, Bad-"* Hail, Black-Tomahawk, He-stands-both sides, Eagle-Head, and Good-Road are de scendents of the Wa-kpa-a-tori-we-dan.— Wa-ku-te, Ta-o-ya-te-du-ta, Ma-za-ro-ta, Ma-rpi-ya-ma-za, Ma-rpi-wi-ca-xta.and Xa kpe-dan, are said to be Ma-tan-ton-wans. The respective signification of their names is as follows: Shooter, His-scarlet-people, Grey-Iron, Iron-Cloud, Sky-Man and Lit tle-Six. Thia name may signify something else than bounding wind iw, ricc^snow shoe, whipping, shaking or bent wind. I translate it to suit my own taste. 0^*Good-Road, chief of the band of Mde wa-kan-ton-wan Dakotas, called Oyate-xice with seven or eight families of his adher ents, has abandoned his summer mansion and farm, at Oak Grove, and has located himself on Credit river, on the, south side of the Minnesota, four or five miles from his old location. He will b^ out of the reach of the Chippewas, but he has heard their bullets whiz too often to fear them. He is doubtless planning for the fu ture. V Another War l»arty. About the first of May, a party of over one hundred Dakotas, chiefly Warpeton wans, went out from Little Rapids, in quest of Chippewas. Near Sauk Rapids, on the Mississippi, they got sight of three Chippe was, who had been on an unsuccessful hunt after Dakotas, but were not able to overtake them. The main party returned from that place. Between twenty and thirty however crossed to the e&t side of the Mississippi, and above Sauk Rapids, fired on some team sters, killing one of them, whose name was Andrew Swartz. On their way home one of the party was accidentally shot by one of his comrades. The relatives threaten to re venge nee NA ATUUAL IcEiHorsES.— Tn the swamps which lie along the Minnesota river, there are places where the soil, though it supports a rank growth of vegetation, floats upon the surface of the water h$&eath, and is #ome- times elevated ten or fifteen feet in the time of a flood, Jt,is never submerged. Under this thin soil the deep ice which is formed in winter is protected from the action of the heat so effectually that it may be obtained in mid-summer. Indians often procure ice from these natural ice-houses late in the month of June., and indeed, it has been brought to. the residence of~lhe writer by them as late as the 1st of July. Q^r The following which we clip from a Southern exchange' paper, is rather savage. A scalp amongst the Minnesota Indians is valued at 811 00. $200 REWARD. RAN AWAY, from the subscriber in* Doaksville, Choctaw Nation, on the 25th January, a likely negro man named ALECK, a good blacksmith, aged about 29, bright dark complexion, about five feet ten inches high, has a small scar on his face. When spoken to bas a slight stutter in his speech, particularly if a little excited—The about reward will be paid if delivered to me in Doaksville. If the boy cannot be taken alive, I will pay a reward of TWENTY-FIVE DOL LARS for his scalp. II. N. FOLSOM. By ivhat means can the soul be saved! [a] We all know that men do not livelong on earth. They soon go to the land of spir its. But though men" soon die they are not annihilated. Their souls continue to exist. Yet though all men will continue to exist in the world of spirits, they will not all be well off. Only a part of them will be happy.— Many will be always miserable for that rea son whoever is wise will think of these things, and earnestly think of the welfare of his soul. But there is but one way in which men can be saved and go to heaven. If we trust in Jesus Christ the Son of God, and obey Him, we shall be saved but if we reject Him, we shall be destroyed. If our disposition and conduct were good we should know no sorrow—we should all go to heaven but no man has naturally a good disposition, and no man always con ducts uprightly. Some may think them selves good, but God knows that llo man is good. But though God does not esteem men good, he always loves his Son, and for his sake deals graciously with men. lou have already heard how the Son of God suf fered and died. If he had not done so we should all have died in our sins, and suffer ed forever in company with wicked spirits. But Jesus had compassion upon us, and to make an atonement for our sins, offered him self as a sacrifice, and endured extreme sufferings. Now, therefore, whoevertrusts in Jesus will be saved but we can be saved only by Ilim. There is but one way to heaven. God will always be angry witli those who will not trust in Jesus nor obey him, and he will make them extremely mis erable in the world to come but if you be lieve the words of Jesus and obey him, God will bless you and you will be happy forev er.