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ft*. FAUI^BflN., FEBRUARY, 1*02. gut a i A ft II re •?rmy.h 8 1Mr'' a bo*' on. W. (To be Continued.') FALLS OP STAINT ANTHONY.—Ithas 0f rock INDIAN CURIOSITY.—Dakotas fir(, tell or be. |d fnd them ovcr 3 x|l0mas Esq who is mal[i in qua rrying covered f% bave wcnt t0 1 1 to lp/vf about fen qunrtS) havi for a handle Qn thc n 0pp0site siJe5. see We jf tjiaj is to b« jt caj wj,ajjt hoped wjjj b(5 foun(j owning beat, and Man \n\n COMWOVICATIOKS fot UI paper should be ad dreased. postpaid, to the editor, Fcrt Snelling, or to E. D. Neift, SL Paul. Tjtiuts.—Fifty cen's a year, in advance. Piinted at the office of the Minnesota Democrat Dakota Mythology. [a] The seven stars. A legend told to the writer in February, 1841, by Wakan Ihduce. A young man, frho had saved his people from starvation, by killing buf falo with a bow and arrows, was made chief. He had two daughters, who ttey will have .t for their chad The: y Jha„ oilman's name was PufTae,water hen. The young man was called Ermine Sow, Ermine ate the dead body of Anm, they made him bows of every. mmth tend of wood, tot he broke them^all., |h.n they, made him a bow of. buf- nb. That he broke not. He people Hving near here? The old man replied, there is a people living aear here, and near beyond them a people live, and beyond and near to them another people dwell, and near beyond them another people dwell.— ritose four people dwell near here.—- iiig above where they were. He sei zed hold of it, drew his knife, and cyt it in two. He cut to pieces that ift which they all were. It was a catfish which had swallowed them. He had cut its heart in two, cut its "belly to pieces. They all returned home so he made the people rejoice. They gave him a woman, but he refused and went u"' "J" r" 'X~ sota river, twenty miles by land from been ascertained by actual measure that within the two last years the Falls of St. Anthony on the east side have receded eighty feet. The water when young women wer^ much sought of the Mississippi has been unusually after. The young men would have!,high during these two years, land the urchaaed-them with large dowries, thousands of pine logs which have they consented not. Four posts descended the falls, have assisted the were shaved very smooth, on these water materially in prying over the a scaffold was made, and the young immense rocks over which the water women were placed on it. All the leaps. As the logs plunge over, The youngjnen came under it but whe/i ends are driven deep into the fissures any one attempted to climb on to it,: hc could not, but fell back. When it tar and other logs being the weights, was dark the young women were look- thus wrenching them from their beds ing up. The elder said, yonder star which shines bright is my husband.— /That little star which is not bright shall be cnine said the younger. So they fell asleep, and were taken, up to the stars. The bright star was an old man, and so his wife had no child. The other which was not bright was a young man and his wife became pregnant. She was out digging wild turnips with a sharp handspike, and in prying one out, broke through, and fell through to the earth. The moth er bunted with the fall, and died.— The child lived—a boy. A good young man came to the place. He said to an old man who was neaf take home this child. The old man said I will and serve as levers, the wa- to be rolled and tumbled and ground to atoms in the mad rushing torrent below. It is said that the water has al ready in places worn entirely through, the lime stone and is working on the sandstone beneath. ». also cooked their food. They also us that before they became acquaint ed with white men, they cooked their food sometimes in vessels form ed by digging a hole in the earth and placing in it the skin of an animal in the form of a bag, in which they pla ced their meat and water and boded it by means of heated stones some times they made a trough by building a fire on a log in which trough they clay vessels wl,ich were more the Woman. They raised the boy and ^, fix./village, on the Minne- improvement, at Prairie- That he broke not. He now a young man ai do YOU know *as now a young man and said, |it It« represented as* of a size to grandfather, do you knowjjf any limestone dis fw^nts of one of these old Dakota cla*ketlie3 in cave. We fragments conversed with those who saw it, but regret to sav that it had been mislaid the cabinet of the The young man said, I will go and ^en vessel of Dakota manufacture. tmng a woman. He came to the! place where a people dwelt. He i Went into the dwelling of an old wo man. He was thirsty and said, grand mother give me some water. She **idf my grandson if the people here go for water something carries them away with the water. We are about to die for water. He said give me a bucket and I will bring some water.— He took the bucket, went and stand ing in the water he filled it. He bro't ft on' to the bank and saw nothing.— He poured the water on the bank and having waded far out into the lake he stood in the water. He was starting to return and suddenly knew not where he was. When he came to himself he was sitting in the midst of women and young men some of them dead, and some of them alive. He was ^thinking what has done thus to them, and observed something mov- and placed in Minnesota Histori- Society if it should prove to be js represented to be—an ear- A Bear Story. Immediately above the confluence Of the Mississippi and Minnesota, or St. Peters rivers, is spread out a most beautiful prairie, which extends along the Minnesota river a distance of nine or ten miles, to what is called Nine Mile Creek, and is from two to four miles in breath. The prairie is bor dered by a belt of oaks, which in the distance rest and delight the eye, es pecially when verdant with their sum mer dress. Fort Snelling is built on the sharp angle of this plain pinched up between the thumb and finger of the Missisippi and Minnesota. About one mile west from the fort, starting from a point near the river and ex tending south-west through the prai rie is a bluff or ridge which by Amer icans is called, Morgan's Bluff, and by the Dakotas, Taku Wakan teepee, the dwelling place of the gods. On the top of this bluff, in tight of thefort is a little cluster of children's graves who have died at and near the garri* son. The Dakotas think that one of their SUiperibr gods live here under the bluff, and believe that he has of ten been seen by some of their peo ple. They call his name Oan-ktay nee. Being an inhabitant of the wa ter, and the earth deep under the war ter, he will answer to the Neptune of ancient heathen. He is the god of medicine, and the celebrated medi cine dance is made in honor of him and the songs which are sung on such occasions are those which the medi cine men have learned from the Oan ktay-hee. Perhaps we will say some thing more about him and his influence over Indian society at some future tinfe, and proceed now to relate the bear story. There are still a few bears found in this part of Minnesota, but fifty years since they were much more numer than at present, and the Indians used to kill scores of them where they kill only units in these days of Scarcity. The young Indians used to Wve, and still love to give them chase. The beaifis not very swift but, as they say, has good bottom, and it is not every boy that can run one down." It is necessary that one be long win ded." One day, as Man of the Sky was returning home from hunting, he sat down to smoke on a high point of the ridge on the prairie which has alrea dy been mentioned. (Indians always prefer an elevated point, it the wea ther will admit of it, when they sit down to rest and smoke, and their summer trails generally pass over the highest points where they always take time to stop and make observations.) While he was sitting, smoking, gazing and thinking Indian thoughts, the piercing eye of Man of the Sky, light ed on a black bear which was leis urely plodding directly towards him. The young Indian brave who can boast of having run down and killed a bear, feels as proud as a bully boxer. The old man, who was then young, had long wished for such an opportunity, and, now, thought he, the time has arrived! It was doubt ful whether he or the bear should tire first, and this dpubt created the inter est. He might way-lay and shoot her, and so might any one who knew how to pull a trigger. The blood began to boil in his veins, while Man of the Sky divested himself of all incum brances except his breech-cloth, moc casins, pipe, portage, collar and rifle. The bear passed and he gave chase. At sight of her antagonist, the bear darted forward and soon distanced him. But her increased speed was only momentary, being the effect of an extra muscular effort, and she shortly slacked up" and Man of the Sky felt his courage revive when he saw the distance shortening between them. As he neared her, the bear again lay to it with her might, but slacked up sooner than at first, and in a few moments the steady determin ed pull of her pursuer had almost an nihilated the space which separated the racers. The extraordinary efforts of the bear became more and more feeble by each successive repetition, and it was evident that she began to "sweat," as the Indians say of one who begins to grow weary. Now Came the tug as bruin resolutely laid legs for the nearest thicket. If she reached the brush she would win. the race. Man of the Sky could easily stop her by laying his eye to the rifle, but that would be he lay to it again with heated Indian energy. He stopped and drew one deep long breath when he had fairly headed her off and she turned again into the clear open plain. Now, my black friend, thought he, now show, yourself—two lejgs against four-—you or I shall sweat before we make yon bushy point, and he soon began to push her. Both puffed and wheezed like musty hay fed heavy horses, but it was cjear that black shag was about to cry for quarters, and her zigzag course gave of the Sky the decided advantage The race was now decided, and the crack of' the rifle ended the sport. After ..a good smoke and a few simple relig ious rites performed over the remains of the bear (the Dakota's worship the bear) by means of his portage collar, he slung it on his back and carried It to the village, where the choice pieces were consumed in a sacred feast, and due religious honors paid to the spir it of the bear. The old man who is now seventy years old or more, still tells this ^nd other bear stories with great satisfac tion. For the Dakota Friend. The Bedouin Arab§. These people, live far toward the rising' of the sun, and in many respects, resem ble the Dakotas. Their country gene rally is as undiversified as the plains of Minnesota, betwepn the Coteau des Prai-1 ries and the Missouri river. Their plains however differ from those of Minnesota, in the fact that they bear but little grass. The people are not able to hunt the buffW lo, and therefore are obliged to raise large flocks of goats and sheep, from which they obtaiu clothing and food. When a party discovers a wady or valley that contains grass, they do not tar ry long for their flocks soon devour the pasture, and on this account they have no permanent residences or villages. The Bedouins like the Dakotas, consist of many separate bands, who are constant ly roaming over the plains. Each tribe has a chief, whom they call sheikh."— He is however a leader, rather than a commander or ruler and, he is subject to deposition or abandonment. V hen the chief wishes to move the camp, he con sults some of the head men and first gains their assent. He then commences tdcing down his own tent, and the others follow the example. The picture is intended to represent one of their tents or teepees. At a glance, you will observe that it differs from those of:the Dakota. In the place of arranging some ten or twelve poles in a circle, they erect three rows of posts, the middle of Which is higher than each side, just as if they Were about to builji a bark hut.— They then stretch over this frame work of poles, a cloth spun by the women out of goats hair. To keep the covering from being blown away by the winds, they tie a number of cords to the top of the centre poles, and then stretching them over the cloth, they fasten them, by means of sharp pieces of wood, called tent pins, driven into the ground. The manner of fasten ing is represented in the engraving. The tent when completed is square, and in the middle eight or nine feet in height. The inside is divided by a hair blanket into two rooms, one of which is used by the men, the other by the women. They generally pitch their tents in the form of a circle, and within the enclosure, they drive the flocks at night, to protect them from wolves, and bad men.