Newspaper Page Text
mmmm ft 5lr? /:i pv. It 8® igsfy ST '•%y llf ?f I Si & li 1-1 t'1 fe if 1 Ife. h. •Wf: •-T-.WV to ,M ampnlled o«tif ft* ttktmivp, **d tied#* WJW J*®** &«fc of twj 'UWIQI *nf* **&4#<jfifa'if «k» i»d inthe^orld. The Korse t. \V"1 i jn u I j' "V 1 5t i nals. "J*" 7 iJt' 7/ in i 1 1 w| I «N*r -^j, ^WS-TS^ J. t|je w" Pat'1 far '^W..1 r—j SWEDEN.—In here in 1766, .. il who was loca*. Sweden, whoever is| HUNTERS.-—One %r \n\n is'ls'foti&i ciredfor by the Arab, as the ftrrilfy '''r$ft grow* up with his wives and children. It est* of hia own meat and #tftfkttfhii own cap, and is unto him, *'U!l emies. Saint Paul. 'ebiid/''Kke the ewe-lamb of the poorman spoken of in the bible. iTbe Arabian dress has a general re semblance to tbe Dakota, with these ex ceptions, that while the Dakota generally ogter* bis feet, and keeps his head un covered, the Arab goes barefooted, but ^vears a turban.- It is said that a fash ionable .Arab will wear fifteen turbans one abqve Another, and then throw over all a Pioneer Traders among DakotaNl Jl CB OLAsj PERROT. N O I I During the latter part of the seven teenth centuty, the name of Nicholas Perrot was familiar, not only to the: gran 'men of business, and officers of gov-! chan tive of Canada, accustomed from childhood to the excitement and in cidents of border life, he was to a cer tain extent prepared for the wild scenes witnessed in after days. If the name of Joliet is worthy of preservation, the citizens of the north west, ought not to be willing to let the name of that man die, who was the first of whom we have any account, that erected a trading post on the upper Mississippi. Perrot, was a man of good family, and in his youth, applied himself to study, and being for atime in the ser vice of the Jesuits, became familiar launched commenced ukjft invited them to a grandcouncil •t fite. St Marie, for tbe purpose of •wiring «treaty vhh France. Of mer oitriftl temperament, heperformed the journey with great speta, going as far sotith as Chicago, the lite of the pres ent city. In May, 1671, there was seenatthe Falls of St. Mary, what has been of late, a frequent occurrence. Here was the first convocation of civilized men, with the Aboriginese of ^he north west, for the formation of'a compact, for the purposes of trade and mutual assistance. It was not only the custom but pol icy of the court of France to make a reat display upon such an occasion, is not to be wondered at therefore, that we should stee the ecclesiastic and military officers, surrounded with all of the pomp and circum ,. stance" peculiar to their profession lomL XhlfeyCw. bLT„S:that age' of extravagant iu ex.er-, for the interveationof the Outag»mis, their libs blue ets and clothe*. by detailing to the painted, grotesque The Arabs like the Dakotas are revenge-' assemblage, enveloped in the robes of iul.. If one foolish young man kills an-1 beaver and buffalo, the great other no notice is taken of the murder.— lt remains with the relatives ot the mur-i ]er£d one to take revenge. They kill the murderer if they can find hiin, but if not they kill some of his relatives. The con sequence of this system is that every man as disposed to carry arms, and is always suspicious of his neighbor. How differ ent wojiid both the wandering Arab and Dakota be, if they would only listen to the words of Jesus Christ, which are writ ten in the Bible of their missionaries. "Ye have heard it said an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth, but I say unto you that ye resist not evil. To liave heard that it hatli been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy, but I say unto you, love your en- power of his Fulget cruris mysterium, Qua vita mortem pertulit, Et mortc, vitam pertulit. The arms of France, probably en graved on leaden plates, were then graved on leaden plates, were then attached to both column and cross, and again the whole company sang, together the Exaudiat, of the Ro-1 together the exaudiat, oi tne no-, man Catholic service, the same as the thei twentieth Psalm, of the Prot. version of the Bible. The delegates from the different tribes having signified their approval of what Allouez had inter preted, of the speech of the French Envoy, Saint Lusson, there was a ^discharge of musketry, and the of the noble "Te Deum 'ernment at Montreal and Quebec, but Laudamus. „„»i, f». »hn smith Thp war ^around the council fires of the Hu- After this alliance was concluded rons, Ottowas, Otchagras, Ojibwas,, Perrot seems to have remained in the P^ Y^^j ^^hev'ine" were few. king preparations at Green Bay, to go to war against the Iroquois, Perrot who happened to be engaged in trade among the Outagamis (Foxes) not very far distant from the Bay, render ed him great assistance in collecting allies. We learn nothing of the subject of our sketch after this until about the year 1687. He was then in company with another Canadian named Bois guillot, trading in the neighborhood of the Mississippi- In consequence of an with the customs and languages of order from the Governor of Canada, most of thetribes upon the borders of with the exception of a guard left to i 'protect his merchandise from the °USome years before La Salle had! Sioux he proceeded with all of the the Griffin on Lake Erie, French of his vicinity, to join the ar and ery Parrot, at the request of the au thorities in Canada, who looked upon him. as a man of great tact, visited ft*. Wioui hstipM of tbe north-west, his career of discov- niy of deience against the English and Iroquois. In taking leave of the Dakotas with whom he appears to have been tra dings he promised them that if they French, Nicholas Perrot It is considered lawful to have morel Allouez the first ecclesiastic who, A quarter of a century after the Mississippi a little above the mouth of Monarch who lived be yond the seas. Two holes were then which was planted ug, in one of dar column, and in the other a cross of the same material. After this the European rtion or the assemblage chanted the made war with the Indians, who were allies of the French, they would be made to repent. ______ Six years after this, he is sent as envoy to the Miamis to break up their trade with the English. In the year 1696, the Indians dwelling op the riv ei St. Joseph and. vicinity, in Michi gan, were attacked by the Dakotas. To revenge themselves they made a war party, and wfent into the Dakota country. They found their enemies secretly entrenched in a sort of fort, and aided by several Courier de Bois. After a fierce attack, the Dakotas re pulsed them, and while returning to their hunting grounds they had a, .. ... burned him to death, had it not been obtained from a trader who were his friends. or one who occupied a post on tn^ again we find Perrot in attendance as the interpreter for the tribes that then resided in the present States of Wis consin and Illinois. After this second treaty of peace in 1707, the Ottowas requested that he. might be their leader, but did not wish "Eau de vie" brought among them as it broke their spirits. While enga- vtuuiiui m.® ......... ged in trade in the Mississippi valley lymn which was so often heard in the he travelled as far as Rock Island, and olden time from Lake Superior to Lake Ponchartrain— Vexilla regis prodeunt some distance above the Des Moines he discovered some mines of lead these when he traveied and states that in it Qt Mnntf ilinMA i Ptna AiiDir nmnanlv mA IA lT.ftl*. which as late as 1721, bore his name, leurs homme de beaucoup d'esprit. w i i- I i n i 4 Upon Nicollet's and many other modern maps on the east side of Lake Pepin there are marked the ruins of an old French fort. Carver found wag carried Qn with the Sioux or k the French. ii. i» i„ „r This fort was buill This fort was built by Perrot and i he and his comrades are those whom Dakota tradition asserts gave seed corn to that nation. Through their influence the Dakotas began to je led away from the rice grounds of the Mille Lac region The editor of the Dakota Friend says: The Dakotas first met with whitemen while on the vt. ... 4. few Dakotas, by a war party of Chip? pewas. At that time, also a largft war party of Ottawa Indians crosse# Lake Pepin, from the west side, on A rude raft The place where they embarked was but a few rods distanf from the present residence of James. Wells." 'I It is not easy to determine posi~.: tively, where the Mde-wa-kan-ton wans first planted corn, as some of their traditions assert, that it was on Otonwewakpadan, Rice creek) and others that it was oqthe low banks of the Minnesota. It appears most protn able however, that the Wa-kpa-a-ton* we-dan party first planted at a point. skirmish witn some Frenchmen who! on the former stream, which they da were bearing arms and goods to thB nominate Tintatonwan, (Prairie ville^ Sioux. Filled with hate towards the and that at about the same time, the happened Ma-tan-ton-wans tried the experi* among them, and they would have i ment on the latter. The seed was St. Paul. that vicinity a trade «»ra ana lourm uraes, a mrger for the gods. The white n*en were also agitated with fear. They extend ed the hand, trembliug, to each other and freely exchanged presents. When a gun was exhibited, discharged, and presented to the Indians they drew back in utter amazement. They separated in peace and the Dakotas returned to astonish their families with the relation of what had hap pened. The first trading post occupied by French in the bountry of the Dakotas, of which I have heard them speak, was located at Lake Pepin near the foot of the lake. They apply to the chief occupant of that post the name of Ti-ta-ni-ke, old inhabitant.) The next post seems to have been on the Mississippi, a little above the mouth of Rice creek. While the post on Lake Pepin was occupied, several Frenchmen were murdered, with a Charlevoix perused the manuscript with much profit. In his acknowl edgment of the use of it, he says II est d'un "voyageur de Canada,,, nomme Nicolas Perrot, qui a parccmru longtems presque toute la Nonvelle France, qui y a ete souvent employe par les Gouverneurs Generaux, .-qu cause de son habilite a manier l'esprit des sauvages, dont il parloit toutes les languages, et qui s'etoit instruit avec, soin de leurs usages. II etoit d'ail- seen drunk, is fined, for the first of fence, three dollars, for the second, third and fourth times, a larger sum,' Da-, ^d is also deprived of voting at eleo- prenc|j tions and of being appointed a reprp-j appointed a repre sentative. He is, besides, publicly exposed in the parish church on the next Sunday. If the same individual^ found committing the same offence the fifth time, he is shut up in 'tye House of Correction, and condemned to six months' hard labor if he is again guilty, to a twelve months' pun isnment of a similar description. If!: the offence has been committed int public, such as at a fair, an auction, &c., the fine is doubled and if tbe offender has made his appearance at a church, the punishment is still more severe. Whover is convicted of hav-L ing induced another to intoxicate hitn self is fined three dollars, which sum is doubled if the person is a minor.— An ecclesiastic who falls into this of fence, looses his benifice,—if a lay-1 man who occupies any considerable 1 post, his functions are suspended and perhaps he is dismissed. Drunken ness is never admitted as an excuse for any crime and whoever dies when drunk is buried ignominiously, and deprived of the prayers of tnp church. It is forbidden to give, and more explicitly to sell any sjilritoiHr liquors to students, workmen, serjr-v ante, apprentices, or private soldiers. part of the Lake, tal- houn band, who hunted east of the Mis~» sissippi this season, killed over four hun-^ dred deer. Three young hunters, it 'is^ said, killed one hundred and thirty. Fif-y. teen years ago a good hunter would kiil^ sixty in a season.