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FRESH AIR DISLIKED.
Otrer Worlds. nr anle knowledge of the reo- ' , V j t- x- r7 nie on otner wonas ana now iar tu, n,.r.n1 ihr differ from our tiit e - - ;..i,.ji,itant. mn onlv be guessed by conipariyin with animal nature on this small sphere of ours. More important to us "is a knowledge of ourselves. "Know Thyself" was an old Greek thought. How to take care of one's ow;i body is not so simple as some think; the human mechanism is a wonderful thing and requires watching. One man who has done more to teach the American people how to care for their bodies than almost any other, is Dr. R. V. Pk vee, of Buffalo, N. Y., the Author of the "Common Sense Medical Adviser." He says : 11 is not the quantity of the food eaten which produces strength and health for some people can keep strong on a very lucie-re diet), but it is how much food is absorbed and assimilated by the blood and marred to nourish every organ of the body. It is, therefore, vitally necessary for the "bodv that the stomach be in a healthy state. If disease of the stomach, or what is called "stomach trouble," prevents propr nutrition then the heart, liver, lungs, and kidneys do not get proper food they are not fe'd on rich red blood, and in conse quence, begin to show signs of distress. Outwardly these signs may be pimples and eruptions on skin, pale face, sleepless Bights, tired, languid feelings, or, by reason of the nerves not being fed on pure blood, they become starved, and we receive a zrarninv in the pain we call neuralgia. Rheumatism, too, is a blood disease. After yers of practice and study Dr. Pierce iound that an Alterative Extract, which he named "Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Dis covery," mace from the extracts of sever il olants, invar ably produced a tonic effect iipon the system. It helped the process f absorption of the healthy elements in the food and increased the red corpuscles of the blood, as well as eliminated the poisous from the system. Business is business. No time for head aches. Constipation causes them. Doctor Perce's Pleasant Pellets cure thera by cub ing the c;.use. Laxative and mild. MENELEK AGAINST SLAVERY Abyssinian Kins Forbids His l'eopl do Make Slaves of the Galla Natives. A few weeks ago King Menelek of Abyssinia issued a decree against the slaro trade. It is couched in the lan ;giage of potentates who have unlim ited power to enforce laws of their own making. The king say9: "By a letter forwarded some time ago to all the provinces, I forbade traffic in men of the Galla tribe. I also inti mated that those guilty of this offense would be excommunicated from th Christian Church of Abysi-inia, but you refuse to cease making slaves of the Galla men. "Now beware. You who are taken in the act of enslaving the Callas will no longer, as heretofore, be fined or turned out of the church; but you will be pun iahed in your .own persons, by which 1 mean you will be subjected to the penalty of mutilation." This, remarks the New York Sun, is certainly one of the most dras tic measures vet taken against slave trading in Africa. The Callas are a fine tribt. widely spread over the country smith of Abyssinia. A largo part of their territory, by agreement between Menelek and Great Britain, now lies within the king's domain. The Abyssinians, with their guns and superior military skill, have regarded Gallaland as their poaching ground and have inflicted great hardships upon the natives, whom they robbed frequently, not only of their produce, hut also of their liberty. The evil has been increasing. Abys sinians have seemed to think that the easiest way to acquire wealth was to make a ra'd in Gallaland and carry home a few scores of natives to sell as slaves. The crimes committed against this superior tribe have been the scan dal of Menelek's reign. The Gallas have been powerless to make effective defense, though they have lost no op portunity of spearing individual Abys sinians or very small parties and speed ily decamping to avoid detection. Years ago the Arabs w ere wont to in vade the Galla country and take hun dred? of the natives into slavery. In re cent years, however, the Abyssinians have been the only oppressors. The- injustice dene them has been the more pitiful because as agricultur ist and herdsmen and In the industrial arts they are more advanced than any other pagan people in that part of Africa. They are famous for fidelity and frankness and are distinguished by intense love of freedom and telf-gov-'.mirient. Such is their horror of cap tivity that they no longer regard as Gallas those of their fellows who are tiraeged awav into bondage. In setting his face against the Galla -slave- trade Menelek has honored him self; and the sympathy and interest with which the world has been watch ing his effort to consoiUlatp and develop Ills country wiil be intensified. .Rudolph Witter, a Salmon river miner, killed Chris Wain and L. D. Lorjg and fatally injured Long's 14-year-old eon in a row over min ing claims at Secesh Meadows, near Grangeville, Idaho, Friday morning. A 100-barrel flour mill is to be erected at Hood River this 'eeason. Where Clothe mmA Ful Arc Sore TbU lias Oftentimes Been the Cm. The theory that the necessity of ex cluding from houses the injurious night air is the cause the world over of the practice of poor ventilation will not hold. It is at leant not the sole nor the chief reason of the prejudice against fresh air, says American Medicine.. Manifestly it does not obtain for countries in which there la no mosquito. In cold climates, and especially In the winter season, the theory has no ap plicability, and another explanation must be found. This is, we believe, the necessity that exists, especially among the vast ma jority of the poor, to economize warmth. A large portion of the peas ants of France to-day secure this econ omy by keeping their domestic animals at night in the combined house and stable. In arctic climates and In winter even in temperate zones, and especially in previous centuries, the securing of suf ficient clothing and saving the loss of warmth has doubtless been a chief cause of the universal fear of ventilla tion. In this way to-day In some countries medical college lecture rooms get on without the expense of fuel by utilizing the foul, but warm exhalations of the bodies of hundreds of students, who In anger cry out against a door ajar or a crack in a window. The greatest and best remedial agent In tuberculosis and many other devi talizing diseases is fresh air, by night or by day, ever fresh air. CHICAGO'S STOCK YARDS. Twelve Thousand Tons of Dressed Meat Sent Ont to Consumers In One Dajr. The enormous output of a Chicago stockyard is well illustrated by the fol lowing figures: At one of the6e places alone in a single day, as many as 26,000 cattle, 29,000 hogs and 27,000 sheep, or a total of over 80,000 animals, wll arrive In the stockyards. The 26,000 cattle would arrive in 1,313 cars, and the animals would weigh 30, 407,000 pounds, representing, dressed, the enormous total of 18,000,000 pounds, or 3,000 tons of beef furnished by Chi cago in one day. The sheep would weigh 2,234,000 pounds, and would make 584 tons of mutton, while the hogs would yield 2,616 tons of pork. The cattle, sheep and hogs combined would give a grand total of 12,000 ton of dressed meat distributed among the consumers of the world In one day by this single livestock market. The meat would fill a refrigerator train over eight miles long, and the animals, as received, would make a train of 1,887 cars, or a solid train of 144 miles, or a solid proceneion of ani mals, In single file, extending over a distance of 80 miles. , Wherever Women Have Been I' at They Have Done Their Work in Satisfactory lnnr, The history of the lighthouse service shows that women are thoroughly re liable and efficient as lightkeepers. As a rule they are not appointed to the care of lights of the first importance, because the work would be too ardu ous; but wherever they have been put they have done their duty most satis factorily. The Boston Herald tells of many notable feats of heroism per formed by women lighthouse-keepers. On Lake Michigan,, at the north end of Milwaukee bay, stands a tall red tower, which is under the charge of Mrs. Georgia Stebbins. Its light is 122 feet above the water, and may be seen for 20 miles. Ten years ago there waa a frightful storm, and three men. upset from sailboat, were in Imminent dan ger of drowning. Mrs. Stebbins went to their assistance, and rescued them at the risk of her own life. Twenty-five miles out in the ocean, in the pathway of the steamers from Boston to Halifax, is a barren and rugged island of small area, which in stormy weather is often swept by the wave. It is called Matinicus Rock, and the lighthouse was formally kept by a man named Sam Burgess. On one occasion in winter he had gone away to the mainland to procure Provisions, when the weather turned bad and prevented him from returning. Meanwhile, his wife, who was an in valid, and her four daughters lived for thre weeks on one cup of corn maal and one egg apiece per dny. The sea. swept everything off the rock, driving the family to the light tower; yet lights during all that dreadful prV 1 were as carefully tended as usual, and never failed. The wife of a lighthouse-keeper of ten acts as his assistant and perfoms all his duties when he happens to be away. Thus it chanced that once, dur ing a storm. Mrs. Fowler, wtuwe hus band had charge of North Dumpling light, on the Rhode Island coast, found herself in Berious trouble. There was a thick fog and the machine for ringing the fog bell broke. It was an accident that might have cost many lives and mora than one Bhlp; but the woman wa equal to the emergency. Scaling the outside of the tower, she fastened a rope to the bell, and rang It until the weather cleared. AN ERA OF IRRIGATION. j Advantac of a ComrehilT Sr twiu for Bverr State in tat Union. The following paper, written In Au gust, by requeet, for the Rural Cali fornian, is submitted at this time in view of the special interest in the subject, awakened by the recent meeting of the national irrigation congress at Ogden.as a contribution towards a complete under standing of its importance to the whole country: "The full significance of the new era of irrigation on which the nation is now entering is but vaguely understood by the public at large, and is by no means realized even by those who are to re ceive its most direct and special benefits. It means the inauguration of intensive scientific agriculture on a national scale, and there is need of n comprehensive out line of it, with such tails of its opera tion as will serve to impress the public mind with its utility and permanence, for It is well understood by the promoters and friends of this vast system of agri cultural development that in the end it is to be in general use over at least one half of the national domain and will con tinue for all time. At present, however, the public discussion of the irrigation system is practically limited to the reclamation of arid lands, whereas a yet larger area of semi-arid regions, em bracing large sections of the country in the so-called humid st ates hfiving an un certain rainfall, will ultimately share in the beneficence of this unfailing system of agriculture. Indeed, within the past year, experiments in irrigation have been made in such states as Wisconsin, Mis souri. New Jersey, Connecticut, Massa chusetts and Georgia, and the- irrigated crops yielded more than double the value of like crops, which deperdpd alone on the rainfall. Intensive cultivation in evitably follows irrigation; this leads to small, individual holdings, and these pro vide work and homes for families. Such homes are the nurseries of patriotism, and honest toil on the farm, with a due reward for the work done, always terds to the growth of the essential virtues; in a word, such a system of agriculture produces the highest type of citizenship, and as a matter of course, promotes the security, prowess and perpetuity of the nation. The wisest statesmanship will therefor? warmly approve of a complete develonmr-Ti of this profitable, certain ind scientific tilling of the soil, and not only in the arid regions where irrigation is necessary in order to render them hab itable, and moreover results in making them the most productive portions of our sountry, but also in every Btate of the union where it can be made available for largely increasing the value of crops in Drdinary seasons, and in times of drought, which occur too frequently, will Insure abundant crops in place of failure and inevitable distress, and this will no joubt be done just as eoon as farmers in such states learn to appreciate its bene fits, for the general welfare will demand it and the government will provide the means for its development." , , . "i FEATS OF CHICKEN FANCIERS, By Intelllent Breeding They Have Produced Fowls of All Slaee and Colors. The American Standard of Perfec tion as drafted and copyrighted by the American Poultry association, con tains the names of 116 varieties of fowls, 115 of which are due to the de velopment of man. God made only one a homely, wild thing, which made its home in the jungle along with the rest of primeval creation, says a writer on the Great American P.arnyard, in Leslie's Monthly. Py in telligent breeding fanciers have pro duced fowls, of all sires, from the diminutive bantam to the mammoth bronze turkey; one a tiny bit of feath ered vanity, weighing only a few ounces, and the other a bulky fowl wei'hing from 40 to 60 pounds at much as a half-grown boy. Results equally wonderful have been accom plished in color effects. There are varieties in red, black, brown and white, with nearly a!! possible com binations. Inside buff and Andnlusian blue. The fanciers have shown that they can lace, stripe, spangle or bar the feathers of their birds in any way to satisfy their individual fancy. In fact, about all tiny have left undone is to put tfi. ir initials on the feathers of their birds. POLAR BEARS EASILY TAKEN. The animal par excellence, which the hunter, the amateur Arctic trar eler and the young explorer hopes and dreams of killing, i the pilar bear, writes Coin. Kolert K. Peary, in Leslie's Monthly. The reason for this ik the -lagniticent trophy which the great white skin makes. This feeling was no loss strong centuries ng' than it is now, for we read that one of the early Icelandic tea rovers ti Greenland quarreled with and killed his bosom companion because he had slain a large bear, instead of h aving that honor to his chief. With the modern repeating rirle the bear ftands no chance against the hunter, no matter under what conditions Uiey may meet, and if he is hunted in the native way, with the assistance of dogs, there is hardly more excite ment than in killing musk-oxen, ex cept for the wild, helter-skelter dash over the ice to overtake ths animal after the dogs strike tb hot cent. 1 mwm . sa m ,ii(liii,.,i;i1iiuiihd'iuiiym ,iHiiiiuiihiiiihiiMiiMiimih"Hnini)f AVfcgetable Preparationlbr As similating theFoodandBegula Ung the Stomachs and Bowels of Promotes Digestion.Cheerfur ness andRest.Contains neither Opium.Morphine norlineraL TfOT ,ARC OTIC . Jitdpe ofOUDrStWUEL PtTCHKH fanpkM Seed'' Mx.Senna RedLtlU&JU- ff6rm-Scd CtaAfifd Sugar hfntoryneti flavor. Aperfecl Remedy forConstipa Tion, Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea Worms .Convulsions Jeverish ness and LOSS OF SLEEP. Facsimile Signature of NEW YORK. EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER. rW III HUM hi iniitiiiiii'm.MiiiiKiHinmnii'l I id. Fikst Rational Rank a - OF HEPPNER. President .Vic-President 0. A. RHEA. T. A. RHEA. Transact a General EXCHANGE OK ALL PAKT8 OF THE WORLD BOUliHT ANb SOLD R ' Collections made on all polntson reasonable terms. Surplus and undivided profit. 35,ow. Reduced PatiNCiiger Hates. The O. R. & N. Co. will mate the fol lowing low rates to the following places : Baptist Young People's Union ot Ametica, International Convention, De troit, Mich, July 7-10 ; Annual Meeting Grand Lodge Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Cincinnati, Ohio, July 23-28; Imperial Council Ancient Arabic Order of Mystic Shrine, Atlantic City, N. J., July 13-15; National Encamp ment Grand Army of the Republic, Boston, Mass., August 15 20; Knights of Pythias National Encampment, Lou isville, Ky., August 15, 1904. The following rates are from Heppner. To Detroit, Mich., and return, $73.90; to Cincinnati, Ohio, and return, $71.65; to Atlantic City. N. J., and return, 885.G5; to Boston, Mass., and return, $86.95; to Louisville, Ky., and return, $70 65. For further information as to dates of sale, stopover privileges, etc, call on or address J. B. Ilud-leiston, Local Apent, Heppner, Oregon. A Husiiiess I'roposilloii. If you are going East, a careful se'ec ion of your route is essential to the eu joyment of your trip. If it is a busin ess trip, time is the main consideration : if a pleasure trip, scenery and the con veniences and comforts of a modern .:iw,.,ri whv not combine all by us ing the ILLINOIS CENTRAL, the up-to-date road, running two trains daily from St. Paul and Minneapolis, and frcm Omaha to Chicago. Free Keclin the famous Buffet Li brary Btnoking cars, all trains vestibnled Id ehort, thoroughly modern tnrougn ah fir-WAtu readin2 via the Illinois UUh. v - Central will be honored on these trains and no extra fare charged. Our rates are the same as those of in ferior roads why not Bet your money's worth ? Write for full particulars, rt TRITMRI'IX. Commercial Aeent, Portland, Oregon. t r i.TVnEY. T. F. & P. A., Portland, Oregon. ri m n THOMPSON. F. & P. A., Seattle, Waeh. I III 1 n"W Tor Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the Signature of In Use For Over Thirty Years 16) IN TH1 etWTUR COMPANY. NtW VOSIt CITY. I (1. W. CONSER Cashier I E. L. FREELAND. .Assistant Cashier Banking Business. Thronch personally conducted Tourist sleeping cars between Portland and Chi cago once a week, and between Ogden and Chicago three times a week, via the Scenic Line. Tv.rnnt.Vi Qtn,ifir,l sieenlne cars daily between Oeden and Chicago via the Scenic Line. Through standard sleeping cars daily between Colorado Springs and St. Louis. Througn siannsru aim ujuujininip..F, -daily between San Francisco and Chicago via Los Angeles and El Paso. Through standard sleeping cars and chair cars daily between St. Paul and Chicago. Be sure to see tnai your ucnet rcnua i Great Rock Island Route The beit and most reasonable dining car ser vice. Middav lunch 50 cents. For rates, folders and descriptive literature write to L. B.GORHAM GEO. W. BAINTER. OENCSAL AGENT. TBAV. PASS. ACT. 250 Alder 8t,Portlaud, Ore. Before You Order Tombstones, Marble or Granite Work You will do well to see Monterastelli Brothers and get prices. They have a fine 6tock on hand. ktiikkt, in:rpxEK, oui:. U you take thtt pper and The Weekly Orerontan you won't have to beg your news. AW ft Ah f ft mm THE ROUTE