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Sheldon Jackson Pioneer of the Cross MAY 15-153/. ~ ~ MAY 2-1909 The earthly career ??f a long! and busy life has ended. Having maintained an intimate i acquaintance with the subject of j this sketch for a quarter of a ecu-j ttirv. I court the privilege of paying tribute to the excellency ?of .. his private life and his hon orable public career. Me came of German American ancestors, and was horn at Minaville, X. Y. May 1Hth. 1884. lie graduated at Cnion College in 1855 and from the I'rlncton Theological 'Seminary in 1858. and was ordained for the ministry the same year, and under the Hoard of Foreign Missions went as missionary-teacher to Indian Territory. From 1 fSaSl to 1S(54 viiB.j.iutio?otrs?n-v(1( i as 111 issic itmry evangelist in Wisconsin and Minnesota with headquarters at La Crescent, Minn. The extent of his field enlarged westward, and the call was so urgent that he was appointed superintendent of missions for Iowa, Nebraska, Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana and moved his family to Council Bluffs, Iowa .to he more central to the field of his labors. Still the scope of his field rapidly widened and enlarged in the new and growing west, and in a couple I of years he moved his family to| Denver. Colorado. Mere for ten years, in conjunction with his extensive field work he establish ed and edited the Ilocky Mount ain Presbyterian devoted to the cause of missions and the New West. Dr. Jackson was the pathfinder missionary and or ganized the first Presbyterian churches and established the first mission school in the terri tories of Wyoming. Montana Idaho, Utah, Arizona, and Alaska. He first visited Alaska in 1X77 and Hiiice then he was actively identified with her | interests. Alaska was purchased from Russia in 18(>7 and from then until 1XX+ was governed by military rule. A few sturdy pioneers had settled in Alaska who.with Dr. Jackson as spokes man. urged upon Congress the establishment of civil govern ment for Alaska. Cor years this effort was unabated. The country was unknown anil there was a belief that it would n rear he inhabited by civilized men. Then too it seemed more like a colony as Alaska is not roiuigiious to rue i nit<i Mat ex proper.The subjectof this sketch visited the"various church de nominations to urge the need of schools and -missionaries for the long neglected native inhabi tants, but the church denomina tions were slow to incur pecuni ary responsibility. He also talked, wrote and lectured to instruct and arouse public interest as to the great possibilities of this newly acquired territory. When in 1884 a civil form of government was extended to Alaska Dr. Jackson was appoint ed General Agent of Education. With his accustomed energy he entered actively into the work of organizing and establishing public schools, and to this end each year visited the remotest parts of this vast territory. His educational reports to the Commissioner of Education from 1884 to 1906 are most interest ling and instructive. During his many cruises in western Alaska he became great ly concerned because the sources of food-supply for the Eskimos was fast becoming exhausted through the encroachment of the tide of civilzation. He deprecated the issuing of supplies, or the ration system which would tend to pauperize the natives. After many con ferences with Captain Healy of the Revenue Service, who for years had cruised the NorthSeas, they decided to recommend to Congress the introduction of the domesticated rein-deer from Siberia. The Bureau of Education through Dr. Jackson became sponsor for their introduction as a source of food-supply and for other useful purposes. From the start the plan met with opposition, but nothing daunting, Dr. Jackson with resolute courage undertook the difficult task and in time Successfully established the 'do mesticated rein-deer in Westtrn Alaska. Unly those in toUch with this great enterprise rea lize the difficulties encountered; a less experienced or less optim istic man would have given up in despair, but he had supreme faith in the final success of the en terprise. Each yean he had to depend upon the Congress for appropriations to maintain the schools, enlarge the work and for assistance in the work of managing the rein-deerindustry. n,.oil i L A/unu(j an Liiunc ,yecti s lie turn mantled the respect of many eminent men, and who stood by him when unjustly assailed by designing men who sought this means to depose him from office. Though he has departed this lifeitmaybe interesting to his friends to know that the system he inaugurated for the manage ment and distribution of the rein deer is still in successful operation Dr. Jackson was by education and training a well equipped man, alert, resourceful, resolute, methodical. He had great cap acity for detail of work and left I no task unfinished. Take him all in all he was an extraordinary man in carrying to success any cause he espoused. He had a biding faith in the final success j of a righteous cause. He had ! faith in humanity, hence trusted , men almost implicitly. As a teacher of civic right [ eousness he took a position on | moral and political issues some what in advance of the spirit of (the New West. He assayed to j lead the van of civilization. I Westward ho! was his inspiring | spirit of enthusiasm. He j was a pioneer of the advanced guard, and his name will stand out in bold relief on Time's I memorial tablet. Dr. Whitman planted the cause of .Christ, hoisted the banner pf the Cross in the wilds of the western slope, where in the vigor of manhood he gave his life for the cause. Dr. Jackson comple ted the broken chain by carrying the gospel message westward un til he reached the most western border of our American posses sions, and established a school and church at Point Barrow and then gazed longingly toward the North Pole. We are not worshiping this modern hero; we are, 011 the eve of his departure, pronouncing a just eulogy. Will any envy him a fervent tribute of praise? His name is inseparably con nected with the history of Alaska. "He now rests from his labors and his works do follow him." From manhood to old age he leaves behind him a noble record of achievements in his fields of labor. He chose a strenuous life and his example of boundless energy, of indefatigable indust ry, of human devotion, and self sacrifice will be an inspiration to other humble toilers and as po sterity rends the motives and the deeds of men. justly written by the golden pen of Time the subject of this sketch will not be forgotten. W.A. Kelly.