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I)i:votki> To Tin: Tntkhksts Ok Tim: Xativk I'koih.k Ok Alaska Vni-.il Sitka. Alaska. Jantakv, ll'll Xo<? DR. SHELDON JACKSON A Statement by the Superin tendent of Documents, Washing ton, D. C.: Dr. Sheldon Jackson's annual illustrated repot ts on the intro duction of domesticated reindeer into Alaska record the official history of one of the most remarkable and successful be nevolent enterprises in which the Government has ever engaged. Dr. Jackson, who was a' Presbyterian clergyman, first visited Alaska in 1877, and after 1885 made yearly visits as the agent of the Education Bureau for the promotion of education in that region. He soon became impressed with the belief that the sources of food supply of the 20,000 natives were disappearing. The white man was exterminat ing or driving away the whales, the seals, the walrus, and the caribou, which had furnished these arctic and subarctic people their only means of subsistence. In the summer ot itwu vr. Jackson saw that unless help were speedily given, the Govern ment would be compelled either to feed the 20,000 or to see them starve. The idea came to him that reindeer might be domesti cated as well in Alaska as across the straits in Siberia. The white moss which no horse, cow, sheep or goat will eat. but which is the reindeer's natural food, grows as plentifully in one country as in the other. When Dr. Jackson returned to Washington in the winter of 1890-91 he asked Con Stress for an appropriation to begin the importation of reindeer from Siberia. He did not get it, but he did raise $2,000 by private subscription, and with this sum began his reindeer experiment. It was a success from the first, and in 1894 Congress appropri ated $6,000 to aid the good work. Later on and for a series of years the appropriation was raised to $25,000 annually. This enabled Dr. Jackson to prosecute vigorously the intro duction of reindeer, and herds of many thousands are now per manently established along the Alaskan coast. The future of the natives of Arctic Alaska has thus been made sure. $17,400,000 IN 1910 The value of the mineral out put of Alaska in 1910 is estimated at $17,400,000; of this the value of the gold output was $16,369, 000. The copper production is estimated to have been 5,600,000 pounds, valued at about $740,000 The value of other mineral pro ducts, including silver, lead, gypsum, marble and coal, is estimated at $300,000. The total value of the Alaska mineral production since 1880, when mining was begun, is, in round numbers $186,000,000, of which $179,000,000 is represented by the value of gold output. In spite of the decreased gold production and the handicap be j cause of the delay in opening the coal fields, considerable ad j vancements were made in the mining industry. I As in previous years, the lack I of cheap fuel is one of the great . hindrances to the advancement 1 of the mining industry in Alaska. So long as the Pacific seaboard of Alaska and the adjacent portions i of the inland region have to de pend on expensive coal brought ! from British Columbia, Japan, j and Washington, so long will the I industries of the Territory suf fer. With coal at $8 to $20 a ton 1 along the Pacific seaboard of Alaska, even mines located at I tidewater are at great economic disadvantage. Under such condi j tions only the richest and largest I ore bodies can be mined at a J profit. The railways are at a double i disad van tape. In the first place. I they are paying from $11 to $12 a ton for coal used in operating, : which should cost only $2.50 to | $3.50;? Press Bulletin. United States j Geological Survey. $17,400,000, two and a half j times what Alaska cost is what we can produce in minerals alone, "handicapped", with our waterpower. timber and coal tied | up, "conservated"! When some ! other departments at Washing | ton come to our aid as nobly as the Geological Survey has that I $17,400,000 will "look like thirty | cents".