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consequently in greater demand.
To save these girls necessitated the establishment of a ''home" into which they could be gath ered, and thus taken from under the control of their mothers. Consequently a home was added to the school in October, 1878, and kept in what was formerly the hospital building of the mil itary post, In July, 1870, I made a suc cessful trip to Alaska, taking with me Miss Maggie J. Dunbar, of Steubinville, Ohio, as teacher. Relieved from the care of the school-room, Mrs. McFarland was able to give her whole time to the* boarding and industrial departments. During tnat season I com menced the erection of a large two storv building, with base ment and attic, 40 by (>0 feet, for the use of the home and school, which was completed the following season at an expense of $7,600, In March, 1882, the school was divided, Rev. John W. Alt.*Far land taking the boys, and Miss Dunbar the girls, department. In September, 1882, Miss Kate A. Rankin was placed in charge of the industrial department. (In the 9th of February, 1888, the school buildings were burned to the ground, and the school again found shelter in the old military hospital. In the summer of 1884 the school teachers and pupils were removed to Sitka. SITKA. Ill the winter of 1H77-T8 I se cured the appointment of Rev. ?John G. Brady for Sitka, and in April, 1878, a school was opened by Mr. Brady and Miss Fannie F. Kellogg. In December, 1878, through a combination of cir cumstances, it was discontinued. In the spring of 1880 Miss Olin da Austin was sent out from New York City, an^ ? reopened the school April 5, in one of the rooms of the guard-house, with 103 children present. This num ber increased to 130. Then some of the parents applied for ad mission, but could ~ not be re ceived, as the room would not hold any more. Miss Austin re ceived the support and substan tial assistance of Oapt. Beards lee, then in command of the Uni ted States ship Jamestown,Lieu tenant Sitnonds, and other na val officers, who proved thathi selves warm friends to the enter prise. In July the school was moved to the old hospital building. ? ' JV' T XT 1 J_-_- ? ? i:-'' in lNovemoer some 01 tne Doys applied to the teacher for per mission to live at the school house. At home there was so much drinking, talking, and ca rousing that they could not stiMy. The teacher said she had no ac commodations, bedding, or^ food for them. But they were so much in earnest that they said they would provide for them selves. Upon receiving permis sion, seven Indian boys, thirteen and fourteen years of age, bring ing a blanket each and a piece of tin for a looking-glass, voluntari ly left their homes and took up their abode in a vacant room of one of the Government build ings. Thus commenced the boarding department of the Sit ka school. Soon others joined them. One was a boy who had been taken ont to be shot as a witch, but was rescued by the officers of the Jamestown and placed in the school. Captain Henry Glass, who succeeded Capt. Beardslee in command of the Jamestown, from the first with his officers, took a deep in ? v . V ? i . " -fc terest in the school. As he had opportunity he secured boys from distant tribes and placed them in the schoof. In February, 1881, Capt. Glass established a rule compelling the attendance of the Indian chil- - dren upon the day school, which was a move in the right direction and has worked admirably. He first caused the Indian village to be cleaned up, ditches dug around each house for drainage, and the houses whitewashed. These sanitary regulations great ly lessened the sickness and death-rate among them. He then caused the houses to be num bered, and an accurate census taken of the inmates?adults and children. He then caused a'la bel to be made of tin for each child, which was tied around the neck of the child, with his or her number and the number of the house on it. so that if a child was found on the street during school hours the Indian po liceman was under orders to take the numbers on the labels and re port them, or the teacher each day would report that such num bers from such houses were ab sent that day. The following morning the head Indian of the house to which the absentee be longed was summoned to appear and answer for the absence of the child. If the child was willfully absent, the head man was fined or imprisoned. A few cases of fine were sufficient. As soon as they found the Captain in earnest, the children were all in school.This ran the average at tendance up to two hundred and fifty, the attendance one day reaching^ with adult'*,two hun- t dred and seventy one. In April ofthat year Mr. Alonzo E.Austin was associated with his daughter . in the school and Mrs. Austin was appointed matron.????, .'? / to be continued ?,