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The Ketchikan Mining News
VOL. I. KETCHIKAN, ALASKA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 18, 1907. NO. 1 Many Lives Saved By buying Drugs at the Neatest Drug Store in Alaska The Revilla Drug Co. 1J. R. HECKMAN & CO. 1 >! Have just q£ I Received the Agency I j? j to Hanan & Sons fine dress & I Burr & Packard Patent J0j 5 k mj \ Leather Shoes for men v) warrented not to crack ® / k ^We have the only & (|) for men sheds water, y II it* appearance from any ^ j|! They Are Absolutely Waterproof g b The Department Store g > Ketchikan - - Alaska | Rate*; $1.00 to $3.00 Electric Lighted Room with Bath Steam heated * Hotel Stedman European Ketchikan JOHN W. STEDMAN Proprietor AlaSKA HMMMtNMIMtMHtMMW J. P. Smith & Son Ketchikan • • Alaska We are Headquarters for Fresh Fruits, Candies, Cigars and Tobaccos We also carry a complete line of Stationery, Pens, Ink Pencils and Tablets agents for SEATTLE DAILY STAR Call and see us MINING NOTES ———— A Record of What Is Being: Done In the Mining: Circles of This District —Upward and onward, steadily and surely, the Ketchikan Mining District takes its way to a glorious future. —Another rich strike is reported to have been made at the Niblack, but nothing definite is yet known as to the probable extent of the new ore body. —Rumors of the consolidation of the Copper Mountain and Alaska Indust rial Company are probably without much foundation, if indeed any at all. —D. W. Sanford and "Billy” Pow ers are in town, having completed the annual expenditure for lOOfi on their locations in the vicinity of Dali Head. —The Brown Alaska company has a force of men doing annual assessment work on its group of eight mineral locations on the southeast end of Gra vina island, near Dali Head. —Miles Fleming came over last week from Kitkoon bay, Prince of Wales, where he had been doing contract work on the McMillin and Scholtz properties. These are the properties that have heretofore l>een worked by A. Eugene Knapp for the same owners. —Wm. Reed and “Jim” York who have been doing assessment work for Guzman and Lathrop, on their loca tions at the upper lake, Karta bay, report a very encouraging show of mineral on the property. They traced the ledge, carrying apparently good values in copper, gold and silver, over a length of 1800 feet—a good strong ledge too. —Sumner Cobb, Jimmy Nesbitt, Fred Koenig, and Wm. Reed are the locators of three locations along the side lines of the Guzman and Lathrop claims, on which there is a good show of mineral, and "Jimmy” Nesbitt has five others near the Rush and Brown mine on which he has found bornite. Adjoining the Goodro property is that of J. L. Parker, Hans Andersen, Fred Koenig nnd Sumner Cobb, on which they have mnde a good showing of ore in nil respects similar to that of the Goodro, and which promises to prove equally as large and rich. With all these properties in course of development the Karta bay section is likely to be the scene of much mining activity the coming season. —A force of men was sent over last week to begin work on a trail from the water side to the Moonshine property, Cholmondeley Sound, Prince of Wales Island, to be supplemented with an other crew and all necessary material for the erection of a building for the accommodation of the men who will be employed in the construction of a wharf, preparatory to the beginning of active mining operations early in the spring. This is the galena prop erty which was taken over under bond a few months ago by W. W. C'atlin, who, it is understood, has since con cluded its purchase. The work done on the property by Mr. C’atlin shows a very strong and apparently durable ledge with average values of over $50 to the ton in lead and silver. The property was located by W. A. Pat terson, John McCallion and Christ. Hoover being associated with him in the original ownership. Col. Shoenbnr, who arrived here from Boston aliout the middle of De cemlier, after an absence of nearly a year, has commenced on a systematic plan of development work on the prop erty near town formerly known as the Laskawonda. He is working three shifts of eight hours each in a shaft located on the Tonowonda claim, aliout <150 feet west of the old one, and which was commenced last year, while at the same time others are employed doing assessment work on all the other claims constituting the group. He has had the shaft house and bunk and boarding houses put in good condition for the accommodation and comfort of the men employed, and informs The Mining News that it is his intention to sink the shaft as far as it may lie fairly practicable to go by hand or with the aid of a temporary hoisting plant, pending the installment of a permanent plant, consisting of two (toilers, 35-lip. engine, hoist and a Norwalk compressor with a capacity for driving 8 jiower drills, the older for which has been placed. Mr. Hone the mechanical engineer and expert, who came here with Col. Shoenbar in Decemlier, is now in the east looking after that part of the business, and it was on his advice the plant was de cided upon and ordered. The plan of operations as laid out contemplates the sinking of the Tonowonda shaft to a depth of 300 feet before doing any drifting, cross-cutting or sloping. The shaft is now down about 40 feet, and presents an encouraging show of mineral all the way down; in fact, some of the rock taken out would seem to indicate something better than an ordinarily low grade proposi tion, which last is all that has ever been claimed for this property. The name of the corporation or syndicate which Col. Shoenbar represents, is the Ketchikan Consolidated Mining Com pany, largely made up of Boston and New York capitalists. The successful development of this nearby mining property is, perhaps, of more immed iate importance to the continued growth Rnd prosperity of Ketchikan, than that of any other in the district, and in his persistent efforts to attain a consummation so devoutly to be wished, he should have the good wishes and united support of all our people. There is another coal famine, and one which seriously threatens to be come more distressing than that of a few months ago. The dealers' stocks are completely exhausted and not only is the question of supply for domestic use a grave one, but one which seri ously affects the business and indus trial interests of the town and dis trict. The tug G'layburn, which plies between Hadley and Maple Bay in the ore-carrying trade, is wholly crip pled for'the want of fuel, and' a sus pension of operations at the Had ley smelter, and at some of the mines oh Prince of Wales is imminent. Fortu nately the abundance of wood to be had from nearby forests, which can lie had for the cost of cutting and haul ing, will serve to avert the suffering winch might otherwise ensue. H there l>e no serious interruption to navigation on the Seattle-Skagway route, and consequent delay in th'e transportation of the mails, to say nothing of the freight and passenger traffic we may consider ourselves fortunate indeed. ASK SQUARE DEAL '-’OR ALASKA. In the presence of the actual and recognized needs of Alaska, Gov. Hoggatt traveled somewhat out of his way, in his annual rep irt to President Roosevelt, when he rt commended the appointment of a commission for the purjiose of ascertaining precisely the nature and extent of Alaska's needs. In ordinary circumsi tnces it seems to be the business of tT-e governor to know the needs of the territory over which he presides, and if he doesn’t know, he ought to be able to find out these things without putting the gov ernment to extra expense. It is not only his business to know, but it is also his duty to know tlie legislative needs of the territory over which he is given authority. Alaska’s needs are —lemental, Mr. Waskey, one of the delegates from Alaska has pressed the real, actual and urgent needs of Alaska upon the attention of the national government. Alaska not only needs, but Alaska also deserves a territorial form of government, a form of government, in fact and in spirit, in harmony with American institutions and the tradi tional policy and hitherto unbroken practice of the republic. No commis sion is needed to give emphasis to the fact. Nothing less than a territorial form of government will meet the actual needs of Alaska, and certainly noth ing less will satisfy the American cit izens who have built homes and founded industries there. These citi zens have some sort of claim on the national government, and the govern ment will do less than its duty by them if it shall fail to honor their de mand for juster treatment at tlie hands of congress. Alaska is developing rapidly. It is steadily increasing 'n population. New industries are constantly spring ing up. Mines are be:ng opened and worked. Railroad construction is making rapid progress. The people there are industrious, intelligent and law-abiding. They should be given a form of government which will per mit them to to work out such local problems as may concern them. Not in all the torritni-jvil^ /istiSi-y of the American nation has the national gov ernment withheld, as it is now with holding from Alaska, the boon and blessing of organized local intsitu tions. Alaska should be given, not a junk eting commission to inquire into facts already known, but a territorial form of government, such as has been given to other territories from the begin ning of the American nation. That would be the square and just thing to do.—Seattle P.-I. ALASKA RANKS SECOND The director of the mint has given out a preliminary estimate of the gold production of the United States, dur ing the calendar year 1906, in which he gives the following figures: State or Gold Territory. Value Alaska ..$21,251,100 Arizona.....3,223,800 California.18,633,900 Colorado.22,711,200 Idaho.1,903,300 Montana.4,555,800 Nevada.9,115,800 New Mexico.255,900 Oregon.1,369,1*00 South Dakota.6,822,700 Texas.280,100 Utah. 5,172,500 Washington.352,600 Wyoming.269,400 Other states.429,800 Totals $96,101,400 From the above it will he seen that Alaska stands second in the amount of production in the whole list of gold producing states and territor ies, but stands first in the way of in crease as compared with 1905—the gain being stated by the director at $6,136,000. Nevada made a gain of $4,599,000, Arizona $532,000, while Colorado lost $2,900,000., and Califor nia, $564,000. A corresponding in crease this year, which is not at all unlikely, will place Alaska at the top of the column for a better reason than that she will belong there alphabetic ally. If this cold wenther continues much longer, the existing coal famine will force this new print shop to the coun try newspaper alternative of advertis ing “wood taken in payment of sub scriptions. ’ ’ Bert Faulkner. Ketchikan’s chief of police, lias resigned to accept the position of deputy U. S. Marshal at Juneau, the duties of which office he will assume the first of the coming month. Thus are the faithful reward ed. D. E. Erickson, assistant treasurer of the Brown-Alaska Company, re turned Wednesday morning from a business trip to Seattle, and left al most immeidately on the Clayburn, for the company’s mines at 'Maple Bay. C. M. McGrath, representing the West Const Grocery Co., and L. E. Buell, of Armour & Co., have both been in town the past few days look ing after the interests of their re speotlve bouses, HADLEY The Brown-Alaska’s Smelter and Mines Are Assured Money Makers For the past two years, or more, public interest and speculation as to the probable successful outcome of copper mining endeavor in the Ketch ikan district has been centered mainly on the operations of the Brown-Alaska Company at Hadley, Prince of Wales Island, and the properties in course of development in that immediate vicin ity. This, because of the compara tively much larger amount of capital which was l>eing, and has been, ex pended in the development of its Mamie Mine, and the erection and equipment of a new and thoroughly up-to-date smelter of 500 tons daily capacity. The Mining News is pleased in being able to truthfully announce that the public interest centered in that enterprise is now abundantly sat isfied by an issue so complete as to forever set at rest any doubts which may have been entertained as to the very great value of the mineral de posits of this district. The Brown Alaska company’s Mamie mine is situate a little over a mile from the beach at Hadley, where the smelter is located, and with which it is connected by a surface tram road and a Case aerial tram. Its mining property at this point embraces six locations—Mamie Nos. 1 and 2, Doo little Nos. 1 and 2, Kensington and Middlesex—all patented. The ore is a chalcopyrite, in one case contained in a mixed gangue of magnetite, chlorite, hornblende, etc., and in the other case in a silicious gangue. These ores occur in lenticular depos its, the trend of the formation being about N. W. 28 deg. E. These lenses vary in size, so far as shown by the development, from 50 to 175 feet in length, 15 to 35 feet in width, and from 12 to 40 feet in vertical depth. Where the ore is silicious the deposits are largest. The formation at one time was evidently a limestone, which was later shattered by intrusive dikes of diorite, porphyry and felcites, which also had the effect to alter the char acter of the rock near their contact. These dikes have an important bear ing on the ore deposits, as the latter follow along their strike and occur in close proximity to them. At the Mamie mine fully one mile of development work has been accom-1 plished from the main tunnels and shafts, besides three-quarters of a mile of diamond drill work. No. 1, the upper tunnel, is 265 feet in length, (a part of the way in ore), an average of 60 feet below the surface, with 177 feet of crosscuts and 160 feet of raises. No. 2 tunnel is across the strike of the lenses, and 425 feet in length, with a number of cross-cuts, drifts and raises. Preston tunnel is at right angle to the strike, 360 feet southeast of No. 2, and is 105 feet long, with 100 feet of lateral development. The main shaft is down 300 feet from the surface, and 12 feet below the level of No. 2 tun nel, with cross-cuts, drifts and raises, one of the latter connecting with No. 2 tunnel workings. About 45,000 tons of ore have been mined from these workings and sent to the smelter dur ing the past two years. The mine equipment consists of one straight line air compressor with capacity for driving seven power drills, and one of 5-drill capacity; one double-drum, double-cylinder hoist 12x16, one single-drum hoist 7x10, and one 5x5, two boilers 80 and 100 horse power, respectively, and one No. 5 Cameron sinking pump. The diamond drill is of 500 feet capacity, and the machine drills are sufficient for a daily output of 200 tons. The Case aerial tramway has a pres ent capacity for carrying 200 tons daily, but can be increased to 500 tons by simply adding to the number of buckets as they may be required. The ore bins at the mine and smelter are of the capacity of 1,000 tons each. The mine buildings consist of the compressor house—the upper story being utilized as a change room for the miners—boarding house, bunk house—the two supplying accommoda tions for 60 men—offices with sleeping rooms, and an assay office. The assay values of the ores average from 2.5 to 3.5 per cent copper, .03 oz. gold and .3 oz. silver. A change in the general manage ment of the company’s mines was made the first of the year, Mr. J. L. Parker having resigned and Mr. N. O. Lawton being appointed his suc cessor. Mr. Lawton is a graduate of the Michigan Mining School, from which has been graduated many of the ablest mine managers of the West, and that he will fill the billet with credit to himself and to the advantage of the company is reasonably well assured. The smelter, which, as has been stated, is of 500-ton capacity, is equipped with the most modern and best approved machinery and appli ances throughout, and so constructed that its daily capacity can be in creased to 1,200 tons by adding the necessary number of furnaces at a comparatively light amount of addi tional expense It was erected and equipped under the supervision and management of Mr. Paul Johnson, than whom there is probable no more capable smelter manager in this or any other country. Mr. Johnson ac quired his experience in the smelting business with the Kansas City Smelt ing and Refining Works, with which he held a responsible position for sev eral years when it was the largest concern of the kind in the United States, and afterwards with the Gu genheims, whose employment he left to come to Alaska. His ability as a smelter manager and operator is not only evidenced by the results attained under the most unfavorable circum stances at Hadley, but the fact that much of the machinery, particularly the sampling mill in operation at that plant, is of his own invention. The' smelter was first blown in December 5, 1905, and since that date has made a product of 4,800 tons matte, containing 3,700,000 pounds refined copper, 2,600 ounces gold and 1!*, 000 ounces silver, of the aggregate value of $915,000. The number of tons ore smelted was 75', 000, of which something more than 40,000 tons came from the Mamie mine. As is well known to those acquainted with the history of operations at the Hadley smelter during the past year, the run of the smelter has been subject to fre quent interruptions because, during the first few months after starting, of inability to secure a steady supply of fluxing ores, and later for lack of coal and coke. It is, therefore only fair to state that the product alxwe stated as having been achieved was the re sult of only 244 days actual operations. Now that the smelter is assured of a steady supply of fluxing ore from its own mines, it needs but to be relieved from the existing coal and coke fam ine to insure it an uninterrupted and consequently much more lucrative run. The recent change in the manage ment has turned the eyes of the min ing men of this section upon that property. The operations of this company at Hadley and elsewhere lias long been regarded as an important matter to this part of Alaska since there almost alone in the district min ing, and its attendant industry—smelt ing a fair chance is being given to see what could actually lie done under the prevailing conditions here, having reference to formations, distance from fuel supply, markets, etc. Copper mining in Alaska is in its infancy and Hadley appears to be the place where first shall be demonstrated the fact that it is destined to pass that stage and enter into a vigorous maturity. inseparably linked v.itli tl.v work of development <JfN the mines of the Brown Alaska Co., until quite rec ently, is the nnme of the recent general manager, Mr. J. L. Parker. Mr. Parker had been in charge of the mining properties of the company since May, 1!K)4, when he assumed charge of the Mamie mine, at Hadley, then little more than a mere pros pect. At the time of his resignation, he had developed it so thoroughly and systematically that during the last half year of his incumbency the prop erty had cleared upwards of $10,000 per month—a remarkable showing when the geological conditions are taken into consideration. Until his arrival the work had been conducted on the hit or miss principle, with evi dently more of the latter than the former. Mr. Parker upon taking charge began a diamond drill explor ation on a large scale and followed it with the results stated. A little over a year ago, while on the lookout for silicious ore he secured for his company the mining property at Maple Bay, Portland Canal, British Columbia, known as the Outsiders group, comprising six full claims, each 1300 feet square, together with several fractions. Systematic explor ation of these properties showed that they carried an immense vein of sili cious ore of good values—just the thing needed as a flux for the magnetite ores of this locality—and from that time he bent every effort toward plac ing them in the list of shipping mines. The first vein attacked proved to be a true fissure varying from 5 feet to 17 feet in width, the ore being a clialcopryite in quartz gangue, carry ing values as demonstrated by actual results at the smelter of from 3 to 3.3 per cent copper, .01 oz. gold and .17 oz. silver. The main drift on this property has been driven in 320 feet, with backs of 76 feet to the intermediate drift over head. Above this, in turn, ore backs reach an elevation of from 40 to 50 feet. This drift is about 100 feet lower than a cross-cut tunnel, driven across to the vein at a point 550 feet beyond the entrance of the main drift, with 300 feet of lateral development, and 120 feet of backs where driven under the outcrop. The vein has been exposed by open cuts for 4500 feet along the strike, with fully 1000 feet of vertical height, above the main tunnel, on a length of about 2500 feet. The method of working this prop erty varies considerably from that practised elsewhere in the district, owing to the fact that the veins are wholly regular. A pillar, or * ‘stump’ ’ is left above the main working drift with “chutes” 24 feet apart. The stopes are then broken away and enough ore left piled loosely to fill the (Continued on page 4.) A SHIPPER The Mt Andrew Mine Is Coming To the Front in this Class—Its Early History Among the mines of this district of which an altogether interesting* his tory might be related, and which is now steadily forging to the front as a steady and profitable producer of the red metal, is the Mt. Andrew, Knsaan pensinsula, Prince of Wale s island. The property, consisting of ten or more locations, was located some ten or twelve years ago ^by parties grul> staked and sent out by Samuel Lichten stadter, and who were to have an int erest with him. After the locations had been made and recorded, Mr. L. purchased the other interests, and succeeded in enlisting an English cap italist named Andrew, for whom the mine is named, to the extent of an agreement to furnish the capital necessary for the development of the property on a scale commensurate with its then apparent promise of ultimate large returns. Under this arrangement large sums of money were expended in the work of devel opment, surveys, etc., but when it came to filing application for patent Mr. Lichtenstadter found himself beset with adverse claims filed by, or in the interest of, those whose interests he had bought and paid for, in some instances twice over, and he was sub jected to long and expensive litiga tion, during which time Mr. Andrew died, thus putting an end to the sup ply of funds from that source when finally the litigation should be ended. This litigation resulted in tying up the property, so far as development was concerned, for several years, for though he finally obtained patent, Mr. L. found himself without means with which to resume work, and conse quently the mine remained idle until he effected the arrangement under which it is now being operated. An interesting part of the history of the Mt. Andrew is the source of the knowledge which led to its discov ery and location. While in the Yukon country, just prior to coming here, -Mr. Lichtenstadter met an old pros pector who informed him that he had found copper ore on Prince of Wales Island a year or two before, and who showed him a small sample of the rock. Mr. L. at once entered into an agreement to pay the^prospector one thousand dollars, on condition that he should be given iiwuimalion that t would enable him to find the place, and that he should find the conditions as stated on going upon the ground. He was furnished by the prospector with a crude pencil sketch of the Kasaan peninsula, with the point of discovery indicated thereon, and com ing here experienced little difficulty in finding and securing the locations as stated. The Mt. Andrew is now being oper ated by the Brittania Smelting Com pany, under lease and bond from Mr. Lichtenstadter. The mine equipment is ample for all present requirements, a force of 30 men and four drills being employed in development work, and in mining and shipping ore at the rate of 100 tons daily. A Riblet aerial tramway, 3,000 feet in length, carries the product from the mine to the bins at the water side, whence it is shipped direct to the company’s smelter at Crofton, B. C. Mr. W. C. Freeburn is general manager, on the ground, and the fact that, assuming charge only a little, if any, more than a year ago, he has not only installed all necessary improve ments, but at the same time put the mine in a condition for a compara tively large and steadily increasing production proves conclusively that he is the right man in the right place— 9,000 tons having been mined and shipped during the three months im mediately preceding January 1. The Fidalgo Island company’s can nery at this place, which made a pack of 29,000 cases last year, will lie oper ated again the coming season, at least so says superintendent Rounsfell. The Seattle Times is authority for the statement that the canneries at Boca de Quadra and Hunter’s bay, owned by the Northwestern Fisheries Company, will be operated next sea ! son and that crews will be sent up to put them in order. The genial countenance of Fred 1 Patching, superintendent of the i Alaska Packers Association’s salmon hatchery at Loring, has lightened the i gloom which has been lowering over the 'streets of Ketchikan the past few days, or would have so lowered but i for his presence. Fred can hatch out i more salmon in any given period of - time than a hard-working hen can - hatch chickens in a thousand years, i and not half try. It is definitely stated, and authori tatively so, that the Ketchikan Steam ' ship Company has signed a ocntract with the Morans for the building of ‘ an 800-ton steamer for the Seattle Ketcliikan run, and which it is hoped ' to have ready to go into commission ! not later than June 1st. The contract I for a new boat was nec ssitated by the . inability of the company to find one ■ suitable for its use that could be bought at a reasonable price.