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The Coolidge examiner. [volume] (Coolidge, Ariz.) 1930-current, April 04, 1930, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94050542/1930-04-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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Casa Grande Valley
• Like a Blanket
News From Upper Gila Valley and This
Valley in Conflict
No definite assurance has as yet
been received by the directors of
the Gila Valley Irrigation District
that a conference will be held in
Washington with department of the
interior officials relative to a set
tlement of water rights on the Gila
Requests for such a conference
were forwarded to Secretary Wil
bur during February by the Gila
Valley District, also by the Frank
lin Distiict in the Duncan Valley.
Whether or not such a conference
will be held ‘s still under advise
Last week the Florence Blade-
Tribune published the following
news item:
“Oliver P. Morten, special assist
ant to the U. S. attorney general,
spent Monday in Florence and the
valley with San Carlos Irrigation
District Engineer C. H. South
worth, going over matters in con
nection with pending Gila river wa
ter suit, in which all landowners
are made parties. Some time was
spent at Sacaton looking into mat
ters. It is expected the suit will be
brought up in Judge Sawtelle’s
court in the near future. It will be
remembered that defendants asked
for further time to make answer
to the complaints filed in the fed
eral court some time ago which
was granted. There are a few de
fendants who have not yet filed
their answers and the court is
waiting on them.”
The above quotation from the
Tribune is not exactly in accord
ance with our understanding of the
facts. ,
When the case was last before
Judge Sawtelle in Globe it was re
ported that Mr. Morton, represent
ing the plaintiff,, asked for further
time in which to prepare the case
on behalf of the government.
So far as the defendants in this
action are concerned, answers on
behalf of all the principal defend
ants have been filed long ago.
There are some defendants named
in thiß suit, however, who have lost
all interest in this case for the rea
Among the early mercantile es- j
tablishments of Coolidge is the
house of Mandell & Bloch This
past week Mr. Mandell took over
rhe interest of Leo Bloch in the lo
cal store and the parent store in
Kaufmann Mandell, brother of Har-!
ry Mandell, of Mandell's in Casa
Grande, has been merchandising in
this valley since the founding of
the first store in Casa Grand over
fifteen years past. Mandell Bros.,
and there are a number of brothers
in the family, have been conducting
clothing establishments for many
years in New Mexico and this
state. Prior to going to Casa
Giande Harry Mandell was with
Miller Bros, in Ray.
Acting as a New York buyer for
the store for several years Kauf
mann Mandell spent most of his
time in the Eastern metropolis, but
with Leo Bloch as a partner, has
conducted the Florence store for
some time. This store and the one
here are now under his sole own
ership. This gentleman is recogniz
ed as one of the best buyers and
clothing display advertising de
signers in the business. His knowl
edge of purchasing has kept the
stores under his supervision stock
ed with the latest in every line ap
pertaining to ladies’ and gentle
men’s garments. Mandell stores
are known in the trade as high
class establishments.
With an eye on the advancement
of Coolidge, Paul F. Davis and
Robert D. Hussey, advertising rep
resentatives of the Texas Co., man
ufacturers of Texaco products,
paid this city a call the latter part
of last week. They had in charge
the installation of the loud speak
* ers at the Arizona State Pageant
at Casa Grande Ruins.
/ifV s>
[so that they no longer exist.
In this connection it has alw'ays
: been the desire of the water users
on the upper Gila river, above the
l Coolidge dam, to effect a settle
j ment of this law suit by an amica
ble agreement among the interst
ed parties. Progress in this direc
tion has been slow’ but the defend
ants are still hopeful that such a
program may yet be adhered to.
It would appear, however, that the
attorney for the plaintiff is now
busily engaged in preparing for
| trial and present indications are
that the entire matter will eventu
ally be dumped in the lap of the
federal court.
Orin C. Smith, engineer for the
i reclamation bureau, who has been
conducting an investigation of
| feasible dam sites on the upper
| Gila, which the water users above
jibe Coolidge dam hope to utilize
jin the construction of a storage
dam for their needs, will complete
the bed rock investigation at the
Connor site in New Mexico the lat
ter part of this week, or the first
part of next week. Three holes
: have been drilled at this site dis
closing bed rock at an average
j of 50 feet. In addition a drift of 227
feet has been run into the side
walls of the canyon at this point
! with favorable results.
Upon completion of the investi
gation at the Connor site Engineer
Smith will proceed to the Denvet
office of the reclamation service
where he will prepare his report
on his investigations which have
extended over a period of four
From advance information it is
presumed that his report will dis
close that the Connor site is the
most feasible of all the sites on the
upper Gila on account of the com
parative shallow bed rock condi
tions coupled with the adequate
reservoir capacity.
The final report of Mr. Smith is
expected to be in the hands of the
board of directors of the Gila Val
ley Irrigation District before the
end of April.—Clifton Copper Era.
The Pageant, held annually at
the Casa Grande Ruins, under the
directorship of the Arizona Pag
eantry Association, is becoming a
great factor in attracting the out
side visitors to this.state as dem
onstrated by a check on the num
ber of out of state cars at the
Ruins, and traveling over the
southern part of the state heading
in the direction of the big show
during the three days of the per
formance. They made up a substan
tial part of the attendance this
Sunday night, as usual, drew the
largest crowd, which was taken
care of in perfect order by those
delegated to the task.
Universal pi alee toy the public
and press has come forth to en
courage those who worked so hard
to make the play the success it was.
Every detail in the beautiful in
terpretation of the legend which
formed a groundwork for the
scenario, moved along in perfect
1 armony, forming a most interest
ing and delightful entertainment.
The efforts made locally to pro
vide transportation for people
coining by train was a success and
v. ill reflect credit to the town. A
(great many people were taken care
of. This form of public enterprise
| snould meet with the approval of
! everyone. It is a feature maintained
by the Chainbei of Commerce dur
ing r he pas* t* o years.
To Mrs. MaiK Twain Clemans,
who has been a gifted producer
and artist, during this and past
Pageants, and Max Vosskuhler of
Tucson, her assistant; A. B. Con
rad. business manager, unlimited
credit is due for the remarkable
piesentation ot Dean Byron Cum
mings’ masterpiece, which so faith
, fully portrayed to the public the
(story coming down thru the ages
of a dramatic incident in the life of
rhe pre-historic people who built
ithe Ruins.
The idea of pageantry in Ari
zona was first carried to success by
Mrs. Kathreine Mcßay, this valley.
She enlisted the interest of prom
inent men and women in the state
and took a leading part in organ
izing the Arizona State Pagenatry
Association, of which Rev. Dirk
I Lay of Sacaton, is now the presi
dent. As the head of the associa-
Shortly after 11 o'clock Wednes
day night the cry of fire brought
the guests at the San Carlos hotel
! out thru doors and windows. A
! blaze had started in the room con
taining the water heater and was
observed by Mr. Henry of the Wes
tern Cotton gin. as he left the lob
by to go down the hall to his room.
The heater is located at the north
end of the building and the gentle
man rushed to see what was caus
ing the red glare. The blaze had
gained sufficient headway that the
rousing up of the guests was next
in order and this was quickly ac
T. E. Markham, proprietor of the
San Carlos, had just returned to
the hotel from down town. At the
first alarm he started fire fighting
with success in the heater room
only to find that a blaze had reach
ed a room on the floor above.
With the help of the guests this
was extinguished with the small
garden hose.
Thru all the excitement the
guests helped as best they could
and when the smoke had cleared
away they returned to their rooms, j
It was remarked that no ope but
the owners, Mr. and Mrs. Mark
ham, and the guests were present
at the fire. The public was absent.
Begin Lettuce
Loading Here
Wednesday the packers and c hat-1
eis to handle the lettuce crop
grown in this vicinity arrived in
Coolidge. Thursday the first load- ,
mg of cars started.
A conservative estimate of cars
required to handle the acreage,
200, is placed at 00. The quality is
lop notch. Bryant, Phillips, Inc., of ,
Los Angeles, are backing the
glowers, and the most extensive
Planters are Hoskins & Ulmer, who
have one tract across the river
north of Coolidge of 100 acres. The
rest is split aim Dg smaller tracts,
but all using this town as a ship
ping point.
A tryout for cantaloupes this j
year is being made by the above
men interesed in the lettuce crop.
Approximately 320 acres are in
melons which wPI be shipped from ,
here in June.
During the past week freight ar
rivals consigned to Coolidge firms
consisted of ten cars, three of lum
i her split between the Hamilton
| Lumber Co., aim Foxworth-Gal
hrath Lumber Company; one car
of agricultural implements for
j Pinal Feed and Seed Company
j two cars of lettuce boxes and
[the balance of cars filled with ce
! ment, cotton seed and general mer
j chandise. ,
The shortest story with a moral
iis: The tramp stood on the rail
road track and didn’t hear the bell;
toot, toot, the whistle went, the
Tramp went farewell. Moral: Don’t
stall around on railway tracks. The
Arizona Edison in Coolidge has in
stalled a whistle which wakes you
; ;p at six, announces the chow hour
I >1 noon, toots at one, and again at
| "« and 6 p. m. It will as soon as the
l< cal manager of the Edison plant
and fire chief Bud Betts, have it
fully arranged blow fire alarms,
and the ward in Coolidge in which
the fire is located. Someone dis
covering a fire telephones in and
tlie whistle will start the fire de
partment in operation. Don’t stall
when you spot a fire. Get informa
tion to the Edison plant at once.
iion the gentleman is a success,
[and as a publicity agent he is a
marvel. His woi'k in spreading the
news of the pageant over the state
and nation was a grand piece of
work. Newspapeis and radios gave
him a hearty support.
Plans for the next pageant will
be taken up immediately after the
business depariment fiiish the
auditing of Pageant affairs.
The twenty-eighth Annual Con
vention of the An.’.ona Federation
of Women’s Clubs was held at
Yuma, Arizona. March 2t>, 27. and
2 with the Pr r sideul, Mrs. George
RLi, in the chair Tb°re were more
n twenty ci sos the state rep
resented and more than 160 dele
gates pr nt.
According to Mrs. R. J. Jones,
v. no represented Coolidge Woman’s
Club, the meeting was very stimu
li ing and she believes there is no
organization more ideally fitted to
act as the agent thru which the
women of today can work for the
upbuilding and enrichment of com
munity life.
Miss C. Louise Bochringer, chair
man of the legislative department,
stressed the need of law enforce
ni( nt, particularly the statute
against the upiooting of desert
plants, and the statute on the edu
cation of Arizona children.
The Art department was very
interesting. Painting, both oil and
water, were hung about the four
walls of the Elks lodge room where
the convention was held. The
paintings were all from Arizona
artists and were placed on display
for three purposes: First, to al
low the art department of the state
to purchase t' o p outings to be
placed in the traveling art exhibit
of the Federation; Second, to al
h'W tCub women to see the work of
Arizona artists, and third, for an
exhibit of the painting to the gen
eral public.
Mr. I*. G. Spiisbury, of the Ari
/ uia irdustrial Congress, made a
very interesting talk on Child Wel
fare. He said :n order to solve the
chid wePare problem we must co
ordinate our worK and make it ef
fdent—put it on an economic ba
ee Industry pays the bill, so cor
i t it.
Miss 'Yanc-' s Brown, of the Uni
' i i y ( f Arizona, and chairman of
the American Homes department,
gay an interestin'; report. She was
a listed by Mrs. P tn C trpertine
lien Pho.-nix, who spoke on En
thusiasm for the Home. She urged
worn n to bring efficiency into the
home as everything nowadays is
efficiency and we must keep pace
with this advancement within the
home as well as without. Miss
Brown was also assisted by two
young school girls who very clever
ly demonstrated the 4-H w r ork that
is being done thru home demon
stration. The 4-11 work stauds for
the work of the Home, Heart Head
and Hands.
There were many other interest
ing and instructive talks besides
many reports from the various de
partments. The district reports and
Club reports were also instructive
and very beneficial.
The Arizona Federation was
asked to send a large delegation to
the General Federation biennial at
Denver, beginning June 5. Mrs.
Lloyd Christie, the present Direct
or, and Mrs. George Kitt, the in
coming Director, will represent
Arizona as delegates. Each district
president and a delegate from each
Club is urged to attend. The Gen
eral Federation has recognized Ari
zona in two appointments during
the past year: That of Mrs. L. S.
Grosse of Scottsdale, as Chairman
of the Committee on Art Lectures
Pole Climbers Do First Work, Followed By
OllßinilV Omflfll Headed by R. H. Andres, a crew
MlHilfMl iMini'li! of ten of the expert workers of the
UUIII/ni UUIIUUL Mountain States Telephone & Tel-
ETI rATIAII IJSTI A -S rap k Company are now busy
r| f I ■lll BIM Hr II “' )out Coolidge on pole and wire
LLLvI lUll IILLI/ w ork, preparatory to the installa-
Hon of the local exchange, which
will siart immediately.
Last Sunday at the Community The materials for the switch
church an election was held to se- board have been here for some
cure officers to serve for the en- Lime so there will be no delay in
suing year. L. A. Means was elected this end of the work when started
superintendent, and Mrs. Earl Pat- by the representative of the man
terson assistant superintendant; ufacturers who have the contract,
Odessa Ball, treasurer, and Jesise and his assistants, who are due to
lies, secretary. arrive here in a few days.
With the rapid growth of Cool
idge the problem of providing nec
essary school facilities to take care
of the future is an important one.
To this end a move has been re
cently started to take in more area.
To accomplish this purpose a plan
of reiiisiricting was found neces
sary. Coolidge is in the Casa
Grande Ruins district, the redis
tricting plan embracing parts of
the McClellan, Kenilworth and Sig
nal Peak districts.
At Florence Monday, County
School Superintendent Mrs. Mar
garet Randall gave a hearing to the
petition. When the supervisors of
the county meet next Monday Mrs.
Randall will present a recommen
dation to them.
There was a large and lively at
u udance at the hearing, with all
interested districts w r ell represent
ed. The redistricting committee,
h ade l by Dr. W. Jackson, gave
their views of advantages to be
gained. Talks were made by
Messrs. Jackson. Geo. Kinne, B. G.
Letzring, J. J. Jones, Mrs. R. J.
Jones and Mrs. Hallmark.
11. N, Natzinger, David Bryce,
D. W. Hail, with others on behalf
o. the Kenilworth district protest
ed the plan, claiming also a need
for expansion.
Rcpr . r.ting the Signal Peak
district Scott Prcuty protested the
the petition of the Ruins district to
embrace any pare of the Peak dis
There was a division of senti
ment regarding the plan voiced by
’• presentatives of the McClellan
nstrict, Messrs. Soule, Babbitt and
Tantlinger, spoke about growing
conditions around Randolph would
make it necessaiy for more school
facilities, and M. L. Talla and Mrs.
Hallmark favored the Ruins re
districting plan.
As a result of the hearing, there
is a probability of a compromise
petition being filed.
The warm weather that is ap
proaching has nothing on the warm
pot for Coolidge and vicinity in
the hearts of Mr. and Mrs. W. E.
M.,v of Denting, N. M. Although
ardent in their ideas for the future
growth of their home town in New
Mexico, they can plainly see the
bright outlook for Coolidge and
this valley. These good folks are
the parents of Mrs. R. H. Ferrell
of Coolidge and this i 3 their third
visit in the last few years. They
are therefore well posted on what
has taken place. Each visit has
shown amazing growth, change of
landscape in town and country, so
when they return home early next
week they are carrying with them
not only the best wishes of their
many friends in this section of
Arizona, but undisputable facts
concerning the country under the
Coolidge dam.
and Program Extension, and by the
appointment of Mrs. Christie, our
Director, as one of the committee
o? three for the study of the du
ties of Directors.
Mesa will be the host city to the
next annual meeting of the Arizona
Federation of Women’s Clubs, to
be held in the Spring of 1931.
Between Forty and Fifty Thousand Acres
Get Gravity Water This Year
(Continued from last week.)
Recently I saw a statement that
camels and horses went from
America to Asia, via Bering straits,
and that elephants and man came
to America by the same route. It
was no doubt a fair exchange; but
the statement is not wholly one of
established fact. It is partially a
statement of an interesting hypohe
sis and may or may not be proven
by such evidences as may come to
Poincare, the great French math
ematician, in the introduction to
his book, “Science and Hypothe
sis,” says that the hypotheses are
necessary to the advancement of
science but that it is very necessa
ry that they be not made uncon
Every forward movement in ev
ery science is made on a bridge
thrust out into the unknown; a
bridge builded of constructive im
aginings. These bridges do not al
ways hold. When they fail they are
abandoned and the failure is label
ed “experience" and filed for fu
ture reference.
If an early form of elephant
crossed to Alaska from Siberia,
with man in hot pursuit, as one
student postulates, hypothecates or
1 thinks { a guess by any name Is
; still a guess), how many milleni
ums passed before the descendants
of the elephant hunters settled
here in the central Gila river val
ley and established themselves as
| somewhat civilized farmers? When
the primitive future Americans
crossed Bering strait the bow and
arrow were unkitbwn, it is thought.
Agriculture was undreamed of; no
animals had been domesticated, ex
cept perhaps the dog.
Did the Mongoloids, those nomad
ic huntsmen who were like the
Mongols (the Amerind of their de
scendant) belong to the Old Stone
age or the New Stone age, when
they crossed the straits; I think
that Kroeber says that if they had
come over in the Neolithic period
they would have brought domestic
animals with them and the fact
that they did not bring horse or
cow or sheep or goat or camel or
: yak with them makes it quite cer
tain that they did not cross in Neo
lihlc times. On the other hand, if
the crossing was made in Paleolith
ic times, we should have found typ
ical Old Stone age stone imple
ments in the river deposits some
At any rate, the notion that they
chased or followed the elephant
or his forbeads across from Siberia
supplies a valid excuse for the in
vasion of the Americas.
Pottery Plain
We have progressed sufficiently
with our digging to have gained
some degree of interest in pottery ’
decoration. By far the greater part
of the pottery is plain or feature
less. Some of the vessels must have
been enormous; some were “thumb
pots” such as are made for chil
dren’s toys. We have no reason to
suspect that any method of manu
facture other thn that of coiling
was used. This was and is the pre
vailing method in the Americas. No
potter’s wheel was used by Ameri
can Indians in the fashioning of
their earthenware. In order to bring
the successive parts within easy
reach, large vessels were at times
built up on shallow baskets and
slowly turned. This was by no
means the principle of the potter’s
In Gautemaula, it is said, the La
candones supported their pottery
on a block which was turned by the
feet of the potter. This again was
merely to bring the parts of the
surface conveniently to hand and
in no sense involved the principles
of the potter’s wheel.
Method of Pottery Making
The coil method, so universal in
America, was simply this: Slender
ropes or rods of clay were rolled
out into handy lengths and coiled
spirally. As the bottom and sides of
the vessel grew, the surfaces were
scraped and smoothed by “wiping”
or “sweeping,” until the required
form was perfected and the desired
; thinness obtained. At one time in
! the great pueblo area, in the south
western states, the outside surfaces
Devoted to
Advertising the Best
Valley on Earth
It seems but a very short time
past when people were talking
about what a wonderful valley this
would be if it had water —gravity
water. The settlers along the Gila
used all they could get and there
v/as no definite amount they could
depend upon. The Indians on the
reservation were hardly receiving
any water at all.
Now we are in another era of
the valley’s progress. Water now
available in the Coolidge dam
amounts to 163,000 acre feet. Re
ports from the Indian Service re
ceived at 3:30 Thursday (yester
day) give the above figures, and
also the information that it is es
timated that between 40.000 and
10,000 acres of Indian and white
land will be served.
As it stands the larger portion of
this land is held by the whites.
At the present time 200 second
second feet of water is released.
The daily gain iD the dam is 375
acre feet over the amount released.
of the coils, instead of being
smoothed and obliterated, were left
open, being bent down over the
I i.ext lower coil, and left straight or
were often indented or ; notched.
This was at one time a favorite
form of decoration.
Here at Casa Grande they used
the coil method; but the smooth
ing was done, in some the
hammer and anvil method. In
other words, a suitable stone was
held against the inside of the pot
and the outside was paddled with a
wooden paddle. This, of course,
done while the paste was moist'.
Yesterday I found a potsherd
with an indented decoration. Up to
then all the decorations we have
found had been painted. ■'
It seems silly to define “Pet
sherd” but nowadays when not so
many read their Bibles, it is neces
sary. Older people recall that J6b
scraped his boils with pptshpnjs.
Webster defines a potsherd as,“a
piece or fragment of a broken
earthenware pot” and gives refer
ence to Job 2:8. The word is made
up of “pot” plus “sherd”' or
“shard.” Shard is defined by Web
ster as “a piece or fragment
brittle substance, as of an earthen
vessel; also, a shell, scale or the
like.” i ’•
So, having come to an under
standing of what a potsherd is, let
us recognize the indisputable fact
that without potsherds the Ameri
can archeologist would be
much at eas. How could he identi
fy his cultures and date, even ap
proximately, his periods, without
the, in the southwest, übiquitous
potsherd ?
The exact words fail me, but'
someone, some student of Old
World classical archeology, haa :
(Coninued on last page.) f
At Casa Grande Monday night
Miss Margaret Stewart, the charm
ing editor and general manager of
the Casa Grande Valley Dispatch,
entertained Pinal County publish
ers. Those present, a full repre
sentation of all the papers in the
county were: Mr. and Mrs. A1 Wil-y
kie of the Coolidge News, Andy
Wrenn of the Florence Blade-Trib
une, Edgar Corn of the Superior
I Sun, and Ted Healy of the Coolidge' ;
! Examiner. A banquet was served
at the Casa Saguaro. Preliminary
steps were taken in the organiza
tion of the publishers of Pinal coun- ’
fy, the first officers appointed be
ng Miss Stewart, president, and A1
Wilkie secretary-treasurer.
To be served with delicious en
thilades, bona fide old fashioned .
tamales and frijoles a la Mexicana,
is a treat seldom encountered now
days. Senora Margarita Monreal, ‘
whose case is on the east side of
south Main, across from the Casa
Grande-Florence highway, is a
great find for those who relish a
good Spanish meal occasionally.
Number 5

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