Newspaper Page Text
TURKEY GETS FAMOUS MOUNTAIN <s Persia Gives Up All Claim r to Little Ararat. Washington.—Part of one of the world’s most famous mountains has changed hands as a result of Per sia’s ratification of a new boundary treaty with Turkey. By the agree ment Persia has ceded to Turkey all claim to Little Ararat. Now both peaks. Great and Little Ararat, and their common base, lie wholly within Turkish territory. A bulletin from the National Geographic society tells of the double mountain whose name is familiar because of Its as sociation with Noah and his ark. Ararat Holy to Armenians. “Ararat lies in a region far from mountains of comparable magnitude and height,” says the bulletin, “and so from the earliest times has been looked upon not only ns a signifi cant landmark, but also as a holy spot. On the north the snow-cov ered peaks of the Caucasus nre 2UO miles away, while the snowy sum mits of the Elburz range in Persia lie 500 miles to the southeast. Southward there are no mountains in Asia Minor or Arabia that ap proach Ararat in importance. “Rising to a height of nearly /37.000 feet. Greater Ararat is topped i by several thousand feet of snow which glistens through the long summer while the plains and plateaus below and even the slopes of the mountain are hot and dry. This unique character, the seeming impossibility of scaling the peak, and the traditions of Noah’s landing on its heights, combined to build up in the minds of the Armenians who lived near-by an idea of holiness. They maintained that supernatural forces guarded the top as a sacred preserve and that no man would be able to reach it When Parrot climbed to the top in 1829, making the first recorded ascent, the Arme nians refused to believe that the feat had been accomplished. A num ber of mountaineers have scaled the peak since Parrot’s day, including a Russian surveyor who spent five days on the summit, and James Bryce, later British ambassador to the United States. Where Empires Met. “Approximately seven miles south east of the peak of Greater Ararat lies Little Ararat, 12,840 feet high. The snow line on the Ararat massif is very high—l4,ooo feet —so that Little Ararat is without a white cap during the summer. The ridge Safety of Cathedral Now Worries British London.—Many Londoners seem to be in constant fear that St Paul’s cathedral will either crash to earth some day soon or sink away into the ground on which it rests. The newspapers recently have carried long stories about both possibili ties. There is a far more logical basis for the sinking theory than for the more disastrous one. Gigantic St. Paul's (together with most of the city of London) is only cunning ly balanced on wet sand with its foundations no deeper at any point than four and a half feet below the crypt floor. As long as the sand remains wet there is no peril, but during droughts the cathedral already sinks several thousandths of an Inch. If the underground springs and streams which keep the sand moist were dammed by excavations for any huge modern buildings near by St. Paul's then would be doomed. For the purpose of exploring and charting the streams and lakes which underlie the city, and by this means to establish the exact danger to St. Paul's if any large new build ing schemes were commenced in the neighborhood the staff of the cathedral has begun digging holes in the floor of the crypt and bore boles will later be sunk at many points within a radius of half a mile of the great church Itself. The task wilL take at least nine months ' to complete. LESTER P. BARLOW It is reported in Washington that Lester P. Bartow, noted bomb wiz ard of the World war, will sail soon for Russia, where he will submit his newest and most deadly invention, a device by means of which cities can be wiped out by remote control from a distance of I,(MX) miles, to Soviet officials. Mr. Barlow is said to have offered his device to the United States, but it has not been accepted. - which connects the two peaks has on altitude about 9,000 feet. “Little Ararat was of unusual po litical significance before the World war. for there three empires met: the Russian, the Turkish and the Persian. The boundary lines rough ly trisected Little Ararat, as though a pie were cut into three equal pieces. The Turkish-Persian line ran southward; the Russian-Perslan line, northeastward; the Russlan- Turkish line, northwestward. The latter line struck across the southern shoulder of Greater Ararat, leaving the entire upper portion of the mountain in Russian territory. “During the war, the Russian- Turklsh boundary fluctuated north and south of Ararat. In 1921, by the Treaty of Kars, Russia and Turkey agreed that their new common boundary should run about 25 miles north of Ararat, along the river Araxes. Since then Greater Ararat has been entirely Turkish territory while the Turkish-Persian line has continued to run through Little Ararat. The recent agreement be tween Persia and Turkey pushes this latter line eastward down the slopes of Little Ararat so that the entire Ararat massif falls under Turkish sovereignty. To cotnpen sate Persia for this transfer, Tur key has relinquished a narrow strip of territory farther south. The ad justments have been made to aid both countries in the control of tribesmen living along the border.” Paris Does New Honor to America M. De Fontenay, president of the municipal council of Paris, de livering an address before the statue of Benjamin Franklin in the mid dle of the square which has been given the name of “Yorktown” In commemoration of the epochal surrender of General Cornwallis at the close of the American revolution. High American and French officials participated in the ceremonies. GANGSTER FINDS TIMES CHANGED Learn* Chicago No Longer Gunman’s Paradise. Chicago.—Louis (Two Gun) Alte rie, who ten years ago was one of the headliners in the Chicago gang land, which then was beginning to reach menacing proportions as one of the evils following in the trail of prohibition, returned to the scenes of his gangland conquests, to find that times have changed. He found that the state’s attorneys and courts do not bow down to the gang sters and that now they more or less “treat ’em rough.” “1 want to get out of Chicago and stay out as soon as possible.” said Alterio, following his acquittal on a charge of kidnaping. “Times have changed since I was last through a court appearance.” Tried for Kidnaping. Alterie and Charles (Buster) Brown, a minor hoodlum, were tried on a charge of kidnaping Edward Dobkin. alias Sharnus O’Brien, a bookmaker, for SB,OOO ransom. The victim refused to iden tify the hoodlums, which weakened the prosecutions’ case to such an extent that there was no corrobora tion for the testimony of Gus Sang er, one of the gang, who turned state's evidence, and they were ac quitted. After Dion O'Bannion, one of the first of the gang leaders of the pro hibition era, was slain In his floral shop across from the Holy Name cathedral, Alterie, his first lieuten : ant, publicly announced that he was going to “shoot it out” with the killers of his chief. Gangland guns blazed frequently in those days, and soon Alterie disappeared. At first it was thought he had been taken for a ride, but later he turned up as the owner of a dude ranch near Denver, Colo. Alterie. who had many times walked in and out of the police sta tions and the courts when he was arrested during his popularity as a headline gangster, apparently had retired from his booze activities while in good health. Several times he was reported as a motion picture cowboy. Finds Times Have Changed. “We never had much trouble in the old days,” said Alterie. “When Offer* “Black Light” to U. S. for Defense Dayton, Ohio. —Gisbert L. Bos sard, inventor, believes be has in “black light” a useful means of defense should United States be come Involved in another war. “Experiments have been car ried on to the point where a per son hiding in a field on a dark oight can be located by these in visible light rays, or ‘black light,’ ” said Bossard. "This is accomplished by the use of ap paratus in the hands of an ob server. In this manner the navy can detect the presence of enemy ships at night This form of na tional defense lies in utilizing the light rays which lie outside the visible spectrum.” More than 100 patents have been issued to Bossard In this country and abroad. Tough British Bandit* Are Ordered Whipped London.—Said to haVe boasted that they were gangsters, John Al fred Wright, twenty-two, a laborer, nnd Clifford John King, twenty, a butcher, were recently sentenced to an old form of punishment (in ad dition to Imprisonment) on a charge of robbery, with violence. They were ordered whipped with a birch rod. Wright got 18 strokes, and nine months in prison; King got 15 strokes and six months in prison. we got pinched we either went out on a forthwith writ or bond was scheduled at once by the handy bondsman. “Seems though that times have changed in this town. When 1 was extradited here on this charge I had to lay in Jail for quite some time before I was able to get out on bond. Plenty of negotiating had to he done before a bond was obtain able that was satisfactory to the courts and the state’s attorney. “Bond in my time was $5,000 or SIO,OOO on most anything but mur der. Just think of it—l had to get a $50,000 bond —and a good one, at that—before they let me out on this kidnaping case.” Attorney William Scott Stewart who had represented Alterie before he left Chicago, had considerable difficulty in explaining to his re turned client why the case, which was admittedly weak, had not been dismissed without the formality of a trial. That would have been done without question in the old days Alterie told his lawyer. And Alterie moaned some more after the Jury returned the ac quittal verdict. He wanted to re turn to Denver at once. Judge JohD Prystalskl, who Is to be the next chief Justice of the Criminal court said otherwise. A charge of con spiracy growing out of the same case must be tried, the Judge said, before Alterie can leave. Man Begs Meal, Then Tips From Big Roll Orange, N. J.—Proudly erect, a hungry looking man ap proached two men who were breakfasting in a restaurant here. Eloquently he explained his misery, his enforced idleness, and his hungry condition. Touched, one of the men bought him a substantial breakfast and the other handed him a fresh package of cigarettes. Then the benefactors left. The man finished his meal wiped his mouth with a napkin drew out a large roll of bills tipped the waitress, and depart ed, still proudly holding his shoulders back. THE COOLIDGE EXAMINER Dry Bean Growers Plan Acreage Cut Largely Reduced Percen tage to Be Planted. | By L. E. CRUICKSHANK. New York Collesre of Agriculture. —WNU Service. Dry bean growers intend to re duce acreage about 12 per cent in 1932 as compared to 1931. New’ York state’s reduction is about 8 per cent, or 10,000 acres, and Michigan’s Intended cut is about 11 per cent, or 68,000 acres. The heaviest cuts are planned In I the great northern states, where Montana, Idaho and Wyoming in tend to plant 26 per cent, or 60,000 acres, less than in 1931. California plans to cut 11 per cent, Colorado 10, New Mexico 3, and other states that grow about 58,000 acres also plan a 3 per cent cut. With yields equal to the average yield in the past ten years a crop 14 per cent smaller than in 1931 would result. In the states which i grow pea-beans an average increase !of about 2 per cent might be ex pected. despite the reduced acreage, | since the yields in these states were ! below average in 1931. Cull Unprofitable Cows and “Stuff” Good Ones Cows don’t know anything about I business cycles; and so how can | they understand, when their grain : is taken away and they are forced ! to get along on dry, short pasture, that they are expected to make just as much milk from this deficient ! diet as they did on a complete ra tion during the winter. Even if they knew, they couldn't do much for their owner’s relief, because the cow that can get along on grass alone just isn't profitable to her owner. Especially is this true in a year like 1932. For that matter, It’s always a bad year for dairymen whose cows can give all the milk they’re capable of giving on nothing but grass. A cow must be able to make 300 pounds of fat a year to return her owner a worth-while profit now. Liberal feeding of a complete ra tion pays with cows that can eat that. Cull the poor cows, feed the good ones better. —National Farm Journal. Clip Pigs’ Black Teeth Sometimes it becomes necessary to remove the little black teeth with which pigs often are born be cause of the injury they do them selves, their little mates, or the sow, according to E. L. Qualfe, ex tension live stock specialist at lowa State college. The pigs may fight each other, especially if the litter is large and the milk supply limited. Or they may Injure the teats of the sow or their own gums and lips with these fighting weapons which nature gave them. When the pigs seem inclined to do damage, the little black teeth should be cut off with a sharp pair | of tweezers or clippers. Care should be taken not to injure the gums. I After the teeth are cut off the mouth should be swabbed with a ’ weak solution of iodine. Bulling Is | not advisable because this practice leaves an open wound in the jaw.— Successful Farming. Controlling Worms No effective method of treating seed corn against either cut-worms or grub-worms has yet been found. The best control for grub-worms is crop rotation and avoiding plowing of sod in a "grub-worm year.” The most practical method of cut-worm control is use of moist poisoned bait, scattered broadcast evenly over the infested area at nightfall. The following mixture will treat three acres: Thoroughly mix twenty pounds of bran with one pound of paris green. Squeeze the juice of three oranges or lemons into three and one-lialf gallons of water and chop the remaining pulp and peel into fine bits before adding to the mixture. Also dissolve two quarts of molasses in the liquid. Then thoroughly dampen the bran and poison with the liquid.—Wallace’s Farmer. Lime for Sour Soils The quantity of lime which may be used on sour or acid soils va ries according to the amount of acidity. If ground limestone is used, which is the most economical form of lime to use for soils, one to three tons per acre may be used. For golf courses. Bent grass or Brown Top is about as good a grass as can be used. These may be used exten sively for this purpose and for more or less permanent pastures, i Both will be found entirely satis- I factory. Around the Farm Expensive w;eed eradication pro ) grams will accomplish but little while farmers continue to use poor : quality, ungraded seed. * * * When hay containing less protein than alfalfa is fed, one should feed a protein concentrate with the corn or other grain. * * * Hereford cattle, as they have been selected and developed In ! America, are admittedly superior to i those of any other country in the ; world. Our Pet Peeve 'jjg =f|- (Oofij-rlftn, tr. *. o.) MORE ALIENS LEAVE THAN GOME Change in Immigration Tide Laid to Depression. ' New York. —America has Just about ceased to be a land of op portunity to the European peasant and unskilled laborer If Immigra tion figures on record at Ellis Is land can be accepted as a criterion. The influx of aliens is diminish ing week by week. During the sis cal year ended June 30 the total im migrants admitted at this port from all foreign countries fell to 11G.7G5 ! —approximately. This Is only a little more than one-third of the total entries for the fiscal year of 1929-1930, which was recorded at i 302,304. i On the other hand the number of aliens leaving these shores for their homelands is increasing steadily. During the twelve-month period which has Just come to a close some 184,080 of them filed through Ellis Island on their way back to the “old countries” as compared with a cor responding total of 170.412 for the fiscal year which closed June 30, 1930. Old Man Depression is to blame —or be credited. With mills and factories closing down or running m reduced schedules throughout the country, building operations coming to a standstill and farmers unable FORMAL GINGHAM Z/ mniE NICHOLAS 1L Gingham goes formal. There s nothing swankier to dine and dance in than a gay little frock of plaid gingham made up as formally as if it were satin or silk or any one of the more pretentious materials. These audicious little ginghams sally forth fashioned with the new and very smart floor-length skirts and necklines cut somewhat decol lete, tiny puff sleeves and all the other details which distinguish the dressy dress. With 1 these “party fied ginghams.” sashes of sheerest bright velvet are worn, and some times a bow of the velvet decorates the bodice at the shoulder in lieu of a corsage bouquet. rII I I $ to hire help, the alien within our gates is finding it more and more dif ficult to find employment—even by undercutting the native-born work er. In many places, too, prefer ence is given to America’s own needy In the distribution of relief funds—another thing which makes it difficult for the sojourning immi grant to understand this land of ours. At least that is the way the Immigration officials size up the sit uation. The immigration tide began to turn outward early last year. Be tween January 1 and the end of June of that year the departures outnumbered arrivals in the coun try by 9,348. Figures for July, August and September materially Increased the excess. The peak of the overflow was reached in May, when a total of 8,577 aliens depart ed voluntarily to the lands whence they came and when another 1,597 who had been found undesirable for one reason or another were forcibly deported. During the same month the total of incoming immigrants amounted to only 2,479 admitted for permanent residence for all ports of the country. This compared with an average of 3,051 monthly for the preceding ten months of the fiscal year. The May total was 09.4 per cent below the monthly average of 8,095 for the last fiscal year. 87.7 per cent below the monthly average for 1930 Lights of New York Many of the artists who now oc- 1 cupy fashionable apartments, pent houses and big ateliers used to live In the old Van Dyck studios on Eighth avenue. They were happy, young and poor. Everybody knew and helped everybody else. If any one sold a picture or illustration, it was an event celebrated by all. One day a painter who now Is well known, but then was just begin ning, got an invitation to a fash ionable wedding. Though he thought there was a fair chance that the in vitation was a mistake, he was more than anxious to go. He al ways had heard that at these big house weddings the food was excel lent. The trouble was that he didn’t have the proper clothes. He did have a shirt, which would do for a foundation, and he also had a collar, a necktie and a pair of gloves. The Van Dyck turned it self upside down to outfit him. One friend contributed a pair of striped trousers, another a morning coat, another shoes and silk socks. No body owned a silk hat, but one of the artist’s friends knew a man who had one, and borrowed it The hat was a little large for the wedding guest, so they stuffed a little pa per under the sweatband. The day came and, with the help of all. the invited artist was shin ingly arrayed. He wished to walk the mile across towm to the wed ding, but that idea was vetoed. By a unanimous vote of the Van Dyck it was decided that he should take a taxi. He really was not going as an individual but as a representa tive of a district. With a due sense of his responsibility, he entered the cab and stuck his head out to wave a dignified farewell to all the friends who were leaning from win dows. The taxi started with a jerk. The silk hat, never too secure, top pled to the street, bounced under the rear wheel of the car, and be came just a memory. That is one of the tragic stories of the old Van Dyck. * * * Those were the days when acer- LKEJFEO ERJ and 89.4 per cent below the aver age for the fiscal year 1929 the fig ures dealing in each case with im migrants officially classified as aliens defined for purposes of the record as immigrants who announce their in tention of making their homes here. The department’s figures show that immigration as a whole and for the entire country has declined 90.3 per cent since three years ago when the influx from all sources except Mexico was practically normal. The proportionate decrease was larger in some cases, particularly for the Irish Free State, Scandinavian countries, Germany and Great I’rit ain, while that for Italy was 08.5 per cent, and for Asia only 50.2 per cent. Immigration officials up to a year or so ago were inclined to give credit to the diminishing immigra tion tide to a strict enforcement of the immigration quotas laws. Un der a policy laid down by Presi dent Hoover in September, 1930, consular offices began withholding visas from applicants who might be come public charges upon their ar rival here and so zealously was tills rule carried out that it came to the pass where a majority of aliens ad mitted for permanent residence were near relatives of American citi zens and aliens resident in the United States. This, of course, cut down the Influx tremendously. But it is only in the last 18 months or so that the outflow has begun to gain the balance in vol ume and the authorities say there is no doubt the depression is pri marily to blame. rain well-known illustrator was so poor that, while he had a cake of soap and a tin basin, his only towel was a piece of old curtain. This aroused the finer feelings of a faith ful model. Each day she used to bring him a present of one or two nice linen towels. Finally he had more than a dozen, and they were all marked. They bore the names of most of the large New York ho tels. • • • William C. Lengel, the editor, tells me that the first book he ever read of Theodore Dreiser’s was “Sister Carrie.” He thought he should read it because he was working under Dreiser at the time, so tie bought a copy for 40 cents. He started ir sitting on a bench in Central park. He read until it was too dark to see. He couldn’t finish it that eve ning because of engagements he couldn’t break, but the next morn ing he went to the beach, where he figured he would not be interrupted, and completed the book. After that he never missed one. Dreiser is another Indiana author, having been born in Terre Haute. His first journalistic experience was on a Chi cago newspaper. At various times he was editor of half a dozen mag azines. • • • There is honesty, even in New York and in these hard times. A woman came out of a bank clutch ing $25 in one-dollar bills. It was raining hard. In putting up her umbrella, the woman slipped and involuntarily opened her hand to catch herself. The bills were scat tered by the wind, but beaten by the rain. Wet, they stuck to the sidewalk and street. Passersb.v, for half a block, hurried to pick them up. Then they gave them to the woman. She counted the wet bills to see how many she had lost. She had 25. 1 might add that only a woman would do what she did then. The bills were caked with mud. She took them home, washed them in the bathtub, and ironed them. Good as new ! (©. 1932. Bell Syndicate.)—WNU Service.