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OLD WHITBY -"wk ‘ ' * M Scotch Lassie* Work «t Whitby During Fishing Season Tt+ far** fc,’ o**Mf»srJ»W »*wta«F. MT»*«tU>gtaa. U C— W Xt? Svrviea. MRLIOVKO by time, Whitby. climbing tha cilffs of the North sea c<Mia! mulch It has clang for ceoturi*-#. draw* many visitors who are lured by the at moapher* of old England. M >«t of th* old part of the town remain* a* it »*• hundred* of year* ago. dominated by lb* pariah church. St- Mary'*—built In 1 loa* and the fim»ui rulaa of Whitby ah bey. Today Whitby la a fishing port only, and Its real splendor* belong to the paat; to the day* of the old Satoo monaatery of St Hilda and Caedmon; to (he daya of the Great Synod In d&4. when Saxos king* and the leading eccleaiaatlral Hghta of the land met with pomp and ctr* cumatance to nettle the vexed qoea tloo of the date of Easter; to the daya of wooden ahlpa and wooden •hip- building, when Whitby waa fifth port la England and her aturdy oak-built atitpe were famed acroee the aeven aeaa. to the daya when Whitby waa one of the chief baaea of the Greenland whaling Industry, and Cook and Sc«r»**by sailed from the port on their exciting enter prise*; to the day* when 1«M0 men were regularly employed mining and carving Jet (a black semi-precious d; : • ral) an! twice thla number were engaged In the alum Industry along the coaat. There la no shipping now. At the dawn of tba great Iron age some of the “yards’* turned to Iron, snd msny One screw steamer* were built on the stock* which then lined the upper harbor. But the shallowness of that harbor and the distance from foundries and rolling milla were fatal handicaps, and Whitby found annihilating rivals In the porta of th# Tee* and Tyne. The alum Industry died with the discovery of a cheaper method of production. Ane*«nt, Crocked Street* The old town's streets ir« tortu *ua and narrow, th* name* of th* chief one*. nextergate and Flower Eat*. suggest that they w*r* bollt wh*n th*r* w*r* no traffic problem* There la documentary evidence of their existence in the Fourteenth century. Flow create climbs down the slope of the West <*llff. Baxter gate runs parallel to the docks. A ateel bride*, originally a wooden drawbridge, corducta It* bewildered traffic to th* east side of the har bor. and bore l* th* equally ancient and even narrower tliurch street again running parallel to the bar bor and leading to the fool of the famous 190 rtep* which the faith ful must climb to attend worship In the parish church. St. Mary's Wbltby la th* shopping center for a wide rural area. Its shops are chiefly In the two main street* and Its market backs off Church street The market day la Saturday. Early In th# morning the farmers arrive In their neat little traps, with basket* of butter, eggs, chickens, curds (lining for the famous York shire cheesecakes), trussed geese, rabbits, and the like. tthlefly in Church street are the shops of the Jet and fossil dealers. Jet Is fosalllaed wood converted Into carbon. It Is found In bed* known as Jet rock, which crop out In sev eral places along the coast. It does not occur In seams, like coal, but In Isolated pockets, which make Its mining a speculative business. A tnan might dig for months, and not find a handfuL A good pocket, how ever, when the trade was In Its hey day. might have been worth any thing up to S2SO. There U no mining now. What craftsmen are left depend for their supplies on the longshoremen, who collect the bits washed out of the cliffs, or from submarine explo sions. Its Jet Is Distinctive. While there is diverse opinion re gurding the merits of Jet as a me dium so» the true artist. It has In spired some very tine and original carving. It Is easy to work and takes on a lovely polish, as different from the glaze of glass and Imita tion J> t as the (toiish of cheap fur nlture is from the patina of a gen uine pie.-e of Queen Anne. More over. while Jet is found elsewhere. notably In Spain. Whitby Jet Is Ois tinctlve. M»>st of the famous craftsmen are dead, and there ha* been a tendency for their eucceaaor* to keep the s'andardlxed designs. But here and there one of them will •how a flash of originality, and hope endure* that the pendulum of fash ion will awing bark. The foaails which form the sec ond bow of the Wbltby Jet dealer* have a more atrlctly scientific In tere«t. Th# commonest la the in monlte. It la found in Immense pro fusion along the entire coaat. bat from the geologist's point of view Ha moat Interesting aspect la Its ex traordlnary variety. The ammon ite. of course, waa a marine animal belonging to the family of squid* and octopuses. Its nearest exist ing relative la the nautilus. The ammonite, which la particu larly abundant on the rocks st th# foot of the Abbey cliff, has given rise to an interesting legend which still finds credence among Wbltby fisber folk. They believe It to be the petrified remains of a snake. Barely, however, la a specimen found with Its “head" Intact. The j story goes that In the daya of 8L Hilda, the district Buffered from a piague of adders The holy lady was prevailed upon to use her Influ ence against them, with the result that first their heads were prayed off and then their bodies were turned Into atone. Cottage* of th* Fishsrmsn. From th* main street* of Whitby —ltaxtergate. Flow ergs te. (Tiurch street —and thence from Skinner street, Sandgate, Haggeragate and SL Ann * Staith. narrow lanes twist among the old cottage# or lead to watery dead ends. The cottages are built In atnazlng confusion. On* baa the Impression that they must bav* pushed them •eivee up, mushroom fashion, from th* ground whenever there was space. They have no gardens. 1 hey have, with few exceptions, no vlaw save into their neighbor’s parlor or down his chimney stack. They are, however, all built on one general plan, which gives a kitchen, parlor, a best room, two bedrooms, and an j attic. Their architect* and build ers were all men of the sea. To day It la chiefly the fishermen who live in them. Even the fishing trade at Whitby has suffered more than an ordinary share of economic vicissitude. Old residents of the town can remem ber th* time when, in suaimer, dur ing the height of the North sea her ring season, the harbor was s for est of mast*. And they have since seen the time when the unloading of a solitary herring drifter cre ated a sensation. The herring trade has vanished. Hut that spirit with out which no Industry can thrive has remained alive in the breasts of th* sturdy Whitby men. and the port has of late years experienced a re vival in the crab and lobster trade. Coble a Fin* Surf Boat. That view to the east, across the harbor, so beloved of painters and photographers, would not be com plete without the fishing craft, moored hard up to the very threshold of the cottages; without the lobster pots stacked upon the quays, the salmon nets spread out on poles to dry in the sun; without the groups of blue Jerseyed. salt tanned men. busy with their gear or gossiping. Some of these men are old. white-bearded, and loquacious; bnt most of them are In their prime, tall, square-shouldered; soft, catlike in the way they move about, re strained in their speech, watchful. The type of craft characteristic of the coast Is the cobie. No pho tograph can show Its superb sailing qualities. Its design Is the evolu tionary outcome of conditions. It Is pre-eminently a surf boat. The coble's greatest draft Is for ward. and on an open shore It Is landed stern first. Its slender bows offering no resistance to the surf. It sails fast and very close to the wind, because its long rudder acts as a keel. But the rudder is also a source of danger, for it may foul a mass of seaweed or become en tangled In anchored fishing gear when the boat is in a heavy breeze The coble, like a spirited horse, de mands expert handling. Bedtime Storxffc W Burgess Jjjjg- PETER LEARNS MORE ABOUT THE VIREOS C PEA KING of the Vireov Bed eye »et*m* to be tlie only mem ber of his family around here." re marked Peter. “Listen,” commanded Jenny Wren. “Listen! !>on‘t you hear that warbling song way over there In the Big Elm In front of Farmer Brown's house where Goldy the Ori ole has his nest?*’ Peter listened. At first he didn't hear It. and as usual Jenny Wren made fun of him for having such bl* ears and not r**ing able to make better use of them Presently be did hear that song The voice was not unlike that of Uedey#. but the song was smoother, more continu ous and sweeter Peter's face light ed up. "I hear him." he cried. “That's Redeye's cousin, the War bling Viren." said Jenny. "He’s a better singer than tedeye. and Just aa fond of hearing Ms own voice. He slnga from the time Jolly Mr Son gets up In the morning until he gives to bed at night. He sings “That's Redeye's Cousin, the War bllng Virso,” Said Jsnny. when It la so hot that the rest of us are glad to keep still for comfort's sake. 1 'don't know of anybody more fond of the t reel ops than he la. He doesn’t seem to rare anything about tbe Old Orchard, but stay* over In those big tree* along the road. Over In that Big Elm he's got a nest as high up as Goldy the Oriole’s. I haven't seen It myself, but Goldy told me about It Why anyone so •mall should want to live eo high up In the world I don’t know, any more than I know why anyone wants to live anywhere but In the Old Orchard.* “Somehow, I don't remember Juat what Warbler looks like." Peter confessed. “He looks a lot like bis cousin Redeye,** replied Jenny. "Ills coat la a duller olive-green, and under neath he Is a little yellowish In stead of being white. Os course be doesn’t have red eye*, and he la a little smaller than Redeye. The whole family looks pretty much alike anyway." "Ton mid something then. Jenny f To You Know- —~~™— t Thjrt golf was undoubtedly ' played in Colonial daya, for there are court records to that effect in Albany, , N. Y_ where players were fined for breaking win- J dows with Rolf balls. C- t>r McOttr# Naw»p*p*r srmttcat* WKlt B«rv 1 c». Boys Build a Hydrofoil Speedboat Tills speedboat, radical in design aud expected to develop double the sjteed ol present water craft of the same power, was completed by pupils of Kocky iilver High school in Cleveland, Ohio. The boat, powered with a standard outboard motor. Is the first of its kind to be built upon the hydrofoil principle developed by Dr. Oscar G. Tietjens. nationally tenown research engineer. Every detail of the 15-foot craft was worked •ul by the students and their Instructor, A. K. Skromp. The hydrofoil ( nsists of a plane susperded underneath the boat which cuts through e water as the boat gathers ?q>eed and reduces the fluid resistance to , minimum. | THE COOLTOGE EXA&iXFR Wren," declared Peter. "They get me all mixed up. If only some of them had some bright colors it would be easier to tell them apart." "One has." replied Jenny. “He has a bright yellow throat, and breast and Is called Yellow-Throated Vlreo. There Isn’t the least chance of mistaking him." “Is he a singer, too7“ asked Peter. “Os course.” replied Jenny. "Every one of that blessed family loves the sound of his own voice, it’s a fam ily trait. A good thing Is good, but more than enough of a good thing la too much. That applies to gos siping Just ss much as to singing, and I've wasted more time on you than I've any business to. Now hop along. Peter, and don’t bother me any more today." Peter hopped. C T W. ilurs***.—WXf Servlc*. Question Box Bjr ED WTNN 7“As Perfoct Foot Dear Mr. Wynn: I am a boy sixteen years old and I have an atnbltloa I want to do something startling. Something that la bound to cause a commotion. What do you suggest? Truly your*. L DKALIST. Answer Something that will startle people? Very simple. Go to a ballroom during a dance on a hot summer’s night and throw about ten eggs In the electric fans. Dear Mr. Wynn: A friend of mine said that he knew a man that was In the hos pital haring splinters taken out of hla tongue. Could that be true? If so. bow do you account for splin ters In a man’s tongue? Truly yours, ANG. TIOCB. Answer—That Is probably true. It most likely happened thla way: The man was very stingy. He had Just paid for a drink and It split on the floor. See what I mean? Dear Mr. Wynn: Do yon think It Is right for men to work on Sunday, thereby break ing the Sabbath? Truly yours. R. VANGELIBT. Answer—l do In some cases. For Instance. If It’s a question which one is “broke." the man or the Sab bath. I say the Sabbath. Dear Mr. Wynn: What la meant by "A Man of Promlaer Your* truly. SID. KNEE. Answer—A man of PROMISE Is s chap who borrow* money and neves pays It back. Dear Mr. Wynn: l am a boy eight years old. We have Juat started physiology In school Tomorrow I must tell the teacher ail about “The Five Senses," Please tell me what are the fire senses? Yours truly, L BALL Answer—The five "contses," my child, are nickels." C. th* SneM-latel Newspaper* WNO holN. THROUGH A Womans Eyes By JEAN NEWTON “SHUT UP AND LET ME TALK” tipvEAR Jean Newton. LJ “What do you think of the extremes they are going to In giving children so-called freedom today? I have Juat heard of a school whose object is *self-«xpreaslon.’ to pre vent Inhibitions,* where the pupils are allowed to talk right out when ever they fee) like It. and say any How They Go to Their Work at Boulder Dam thins they please. I heard that with a visitor In the room, while classroom discussion was taking place, a boy turned around to the girl who was speaking, and said: •Oh shut up and give me a chance to tell It' —and that without remon strance from the teacher! “If that Is going to he the result of ’freedom' and 'self-expression' for children. I’m strong for the good old public school Idea of spenk j ing when they are spoken to, and I observing rules that will keep some atmosphere of order and refine ment. 1 know you keep up on the new Ideas—what do you think of that?" 1 think that as the old Idea of the stem father and sterner school master which forced children Into artificialities and Insincerities was undoubtedly wrong, such extremes as our reader refers to. which are advanced by some educators today, are even more dangerous. All human beings need the pow er of restraint. And It seems to me the danger today Is not In forcing upon children too much restraint, but too little. For decades now the trend of Ideas among parents and educators has been more and more toward allowing children every pos sible freedom of expression and de velopment. Thwarting and over strictness with children Is pretty much a thing of the past And a thoughtful observer of the modern scene Is more likely to be fearful of the other extreme. Not only In the great crises In life, but In the little things of every day. we need the power of control and restraint. The person who was allowed In childhood to say and do exactly as he felt at all times Is not likely to be a desirable compan ion or a valuable member of the so cial group. Therefore he Is not likely to be happy. Restraint and control are power. And It seems to me that any system which would eliminate these from the training of children would rob them of their most Important weapon In master ing their environment and fulfill ing the best of their poss! bill ties. £ Ball Syndic*!* —WNU Sarvlc*. SAUCES FOR ICE CREAMS ' ONE would think of Ice cream In Itself as being wholesome, toothsome and satisfying, plain as it Is; but the addition of a zippy sauce which is easily prepared at home makes the serving an added way of expressing the real spirit of hospitality, when one wishes to of fer something more than common place refreshment. A few chopped nuts sprinkled over plain vanilla Ice cream and topped with a spoonful oi whipped cream and a maraschino cherry makes a most satisfying sundae. The careless preparation of a sauce to serve on or with any dish Is always a convincing proof of the Indifference paid to good cooking. To make a good sauce requires good taste, patience and Judgment To QTOGPII r—*i| “From what I read,” says goofy Gertie, “the cannibal seems to di gest the missionary more readily than his teachings." £ Bell Syndicate.—WNU Service. 1 5] ilia In a Garden Chair By ANNE CAMPBELL I HEAR the sea, the tumbling sea, * And smell the spray In the clean salt nir. The gulls are sailing close to me. The sky Is blue, the horizon fair— And I have not moved from my garden chair 1 The mountains rise to snowy heights. I climb the trail, and the way Is hard. My soul mores on to new delights. I glimpse high heaven! lam not barred From beauty, though held to my own back yard. On wings of fancy I may go To foreign countries and revel there. Old sights are sweet In memory’s glow. And loveliness I may never share Is mine, as I dream in a garden chair I Copyrlaht.—WSU Servlc*. be good It must fit the dish where It Is served—that Is, be appropriate to It, smooth, artfully flavored and of right consistency. The opportunity to add one's In dividuality to a dish Is well ex pressed in sauces served. Mapla Paean Sauce. Melt two tablespoonfuls of but ter. odd three-fourths of a cupful of sugar and one-fonrtb of a cupful of water, three tablespoonfuls of corn sirup and cook to a stage before the soft ball when tested In water. Re move from the fire, add one-fourth of a cupful of cream, three-fourths WITTY KITTY By NINA WILCOX PUTNAM ( Wj|jK L ' Y'^if a-aoj i>hh w SSTS^i€Lj The fllyl chum eaya If eome peo pie paeeed by their acquaintances the way they go past red lights, they soon wouldn’t have a friend left in the world WNU Service. No Closed Season of a teaspoonful of mnplelne, one half cupful of pecans chopped. This makes six servings. Chocolate Sauce. Melt three squares of chocolate over hot water, add one-fourth cup ful of water and stir until smooth; now add one cupful of sugar, one half cupful of corn sirup and boll to the very soft ball stage, or 234 degrees. Remove from the fire, add one cupful of cream and one tea spoonful of vanilla. Beat until smooth. This makes two and one half cupfuls of sauce. Cut eight marshmallows Into small pieces. 801 l one cupful of sugar and one half cupful of water to a heavy sirup. Whip two egg whites, add the marshmallows and beat well Flavor with any desired flavoring IS by Western Newspaper Union. Covered Shoulder .. * A new version ot the covered shoulder Is found In this chic print ed evening gown designed by Stein and Blaine. Ruffled black organza shoulder epaulets accent the black flornl design on the orange print chiffon frock which Is made for warm summer evenings. Habit* of Otter Family Some animals abandon their young as soon as they are able to fend for themselves, but a family of otters, parents and offspring, gen erally keep together for at least a year after the birth of the latter. This Is said to hold until the young animals And mates and make homes for themselves.