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The Coolidge examiner. [volume] (Coolidge, Ariz.) 1930-current, January 04, 1935, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94050542/1935-01-04/ed-1/seq-4/

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"The Battle of the Keqs* (fromsnWustrdtion for y \.
"Senes thdt Cheered the Continentals "in y fi/K/ jdK+'ir —' --vS. \
«
lly ELMO SCOTT WATSON
A HKCKNT pn-iu dispatch frnm I'blia
l« «t«*!j>hla hr Ins« tbe oe«i that
/ ►< «oct baa solved a mystery
»■ M —of nit re than a o-i.t ry an<l that
tbe "lost grave" of Francis Hop.
■*> I kJnson. a signer of the Iveclara
> I riori of lndrprMlrnct, and one
w I % of the moot brilliant men of tbe
ft Revolution, baa been found at
—l**t. " * >en Hopklnson «lle<l in
\ J ITWI. he «aa burled In historic
<*hri<rt tTiurch graveyard. KvF
dently bla laat resting place was
unmarked at the time or ao Insufficientljr marked
that through the passage of years all trace of It
was lost.
Last year Dr. Charles Penrose Keith of tbe
chutcb vestry learned that Elizabeth Conde. a
daughter of Hopklnson, was burled in tbe old
gTa reyard He obtained permlaalon from tbe Hop
klnaon descendants to dig In this plot In the hope
of solrlng the mystery of the signer's burial
place. When this ass dooe, part of a skeleton
was found and the bones were sent to t>r. Oscar
V. Batson, professor of anatomy at tbe Colrer
*lty of Pennsylvania. who made a careful study
of all the arallable evidence about Hopklnson.
Including the known authentic portraits of him.
Taking into consideration the probable height,
weight and age of the man whose boner were
dug up In the ilopktnsnn plot In the Christ
Church graveyard, as well as the profile of the
skull, and checking these with wbat was known
of Hopklnaon'a stature and appearance at the
time of hta death, the anatomist was able to
establish satisfactorily the fact that tbe grave of j
the signer had at laat been found.
► The announcement of this discovery Is espe
cially appropriate at this time, for January 5
marks the anniversary of an event In the history j
of the Revolution which brought Hopklnsoo al-1
most as much fame as tbe fact that he was a
signer of the Declaration of Indej*endence. It ‘
was a comic opera battle which gave him the
Inspiration for a poem that was set to music,
and became one of the most popular soldier j
songs of the struggle for liberty. That was the
famous ''Battle of the Kegs.”
. During the Revolution, as before and for long ;
afterwards, Kngiand was the "Mistress of the j
Seas* Except for tbe victories of John Paul j
Jones, the fledgling American nary was pitifully 1
Inadequate to cope with the sea power of Great
Britain. But so offset this was American Ingeno- i
Ity which first manifested Itself In 1778 when a !
Connecticut Yankee, named David Hunhnell. In- !
Tented a turtle-shaped, one-man submarine which j
he proposed to use for attaching bombs and time
fuses to the bottoms of tbe British warships !
which had sailed Into New York harbor to aid
In driving Washington and his Continentals out
of that city. The task of operating this queer
craft was entrusted to another Connecticut Yan- :
kee. Ezra Lee. and although he failed In his
major objective, be did succeed In setting off a
bomb from beneath the water which threw up a |
great geyser of water and scared the enemy out
of the harbor.
Later (n the year the British fleet sailed south
to aid In the capture of Philadelphia and an
chored In the Delaware river below that city. Al-!
though BuahneU’s submarine had not been sue
cessfuL his Ingenuity was not exhausted. Trad!- j
tlon credits him with conceiving the Idea of load
ing a number of kegs with powder and putting
them in the river to float downstream and expbMlc
against the enemy ships when they touched them.
Most of them blew up when they struck the Ice
cakes In the 1 Delaware, but one did destroy a
British b<>nt. This was enough, however, to throw |
the British Into something of a panic. They
opened a terrific fire on every flouting object in
the river, with ship after ship pouring broad
sides Into the water and the soldiers gathered
along the shores keeping up an incessant fire.
When Hopklnson heard of this incident, he
was so amused that he wrote a satiric poem j
called “The Battle of the Kegs." Sung to a vnrla- j
tlon of the tune of “Yankee Doodle." it iiecame ;
one of the most i*>pular annes of Washington s
Contiuentals during the remainder of the war.
More than that. It has come down through the
years as an outstanding example of the mock
heroic poems characteristic of that period and It
has been preserved In virtually every anthology
of patriotic verse and native songs.
So even though Francis Hopklnson had never
done anything else but write "The Rattle of the
Kegs,” his fame would be secure. But there
were other things in his record to make him i
noteworthy. He was born In Philadelphia In 1737,
the son of an Englishman who served as a judge
of the admiralty and a member of the provincial
the New York hmei
I. 1 v *
THE BATTLE OF THE KEGS
_ „
Gallants, attend, and hear a friend
Thrill forth harmonious ditty—
Strangs things I*ll t«U that late befell
In Philadelphia City. ,
*Twas early day, aa poets aay.
Just when the sun was rising.
A soldier stood on log of srood
And saw a sight surprising.
As in amaze he stood to gaze—
The truth can’t be denied, sirs—
He spied a score of kegs or more
Come floating down the tide, sirs.
A sailor, too, in jerkin blue.
The strange appearance viewing,
First damned his eyes in greet surprise.
Then said, “Some mischief’s brewing
“The kegs now hold the rebel bold
Packed up like pickled herring;
And they’ve come down to attack the town
In this new way of ferrying."
Tbe soldier flew, the sailor, too.
And, scared, almost to death, sirs.
Wore out their shoes to spread the news,
And ran ’til out of breath, airs.
Now up and down, throughout the town,
Mott frantic scenes were seted;
And some ran here and some ran there,
Like men almost distracted.
Some ’’fire” cried, which some denied.
But said the earth had quaked;
And girls and boya, with hideous noise.
Ran through the town half-naked.
Sir William, he, anug aa a flea.
Lay all this time a-tnoring,
Nor dreamed of harm, as he lay warm
In bed with Mrs. Loring.
Now, in a fright, he starts upright.
Awaked by such a clatter;
He rubs both eyes and boldly cries.
"For God’s sake, what’s the matter?”
At his bedside he then espied
Sir Ersldne at command, sirs;
Upon one foot he had a boot.
And t* other in his hand. airs.
council ilopkinson was the flrat scholar entered
at the University of Pennsylvania (tiieu the Col
lege «»f Philadelphia) and was graduated with Its
first class. He studied law and was admitted to
the har In 1761. After serving as secretary to a
conference between the provincial authorities and
the chiefs of several Indian nations, and as li
brarian and secretary of the Philadelphia library,
i he went to Kngland in 1766 and became an inti
-1 mate friend of Ix>rd North. Benjamin West. John
Penn and other notables.
Upon his return to this country he resumed
his law practice, kept store for awhile and be
came a member of two societies which united in
; 1769 to become the famous American I’lfilosophl
| cal society. In 1772 he was appointed inspector
■ of the customs at New Castle but was removed
because of his radical ideas. lie next moved to
Bordentown. N. J.. au-i was a member of the
provincial council of that colony from 1774 to
1776. in the latter year he was elected to the
Continental congress from New Jersey and be
came one of America's Immortals when he voted
for the Declaration of Independence and later
signed it
As early as 1774 Hopklnson won a nam-> for
himself by publishing an allegory In wh’ch he
recounted the wrongs of the colonies and this Is
THE COOUDOE EXAMINER
"Arisel Arise?” Sir Ersldne cries;
“The rebels—more's the pity—
Without a boat are all afloat.
« And ranged before the city.
“The motley crew in vessels new
With Satan for their guide, air.
Packed up in bags, or wooden kegs.
Come driving down the tide, air.
Therefore, prepare for bloody war!
Those kegs roust all be routed.
Or surely we despised shall be.
And British courage doubted.”
The royal band now ready stand.
All ranged in dead array, sirs.
With stomachs stout to see it out.
And make a bloody day, airs.
The cannons roar from shore to shore.
The small arms make a rattle;
Since wars began I’m sure no man
E’er saw so strange a battle.
The rebel valet, the rebel dales.
With rebel trees surrounded.
The distant woods, the hills and floods.
With rebel echoes sounded.
The fish below swam to and fro,
Attacked from every quarter—
“ Why. aure," thought they, “the devil’s to pay
’Mongst folks above the rater."
The kegs, ‘tis said, tho’ strongly made
Os rebel staves and hoops, sirs.
Could not oppose the powerful foes.
The conquering British troops, airs.
From morn to night these men of might
Displayed amazing courage.
And when the sun was fairly down
Returned to sup their porridge.
A hundred men with each a pen.
Or more—upon my word, airs.
It is most true —would be too few
Their valor to record, sirs,
’ Such feats did they perform that day
Upon those wicked kegs, sirs.
That years to come, if they get home.
They’ll make their boasts and brags, sirs.
said to have done much to fan the spirit of revo
lution in all who read It. Throughout the Revolu
tion he continued to use his gifts as a writer in
a series of satires directed at the British, which
were published in the newspapers of the day.
Besides being a signer of the Declaration of
Independence and one of the leading propagan
dists of the Revolution, another honor that has
been claimed for him by some historians is that
he was the designer of the first Stars and Stripes
as our national ting and that he had a hand In
designing the first great seal of this nation. Al
though the evidence as to his part in giving us
these symbols is not as conclusive as one might
wish It to be, certainly It is more credible than
the evidence upon which is based the legend of
Betsy Boss as the “designer” of the flag.
One other achievement of Hopkinson'g deserves
mention in the long list associated with his
name. He not only wrote the poem which be
came one of the most popular songs of the Rev
olution, but be also gave to the nation a son.
Joseph Uopkinson, who In 1798 wrote the song
which, nntll Francis Scott Key's "Star Spangled
Banner” swept the country 16 years later, wai
popularly regarded as the principal national gone
of the new republic. That was “Hail Columbia. *
£ by Western Newspaper Union.
Southwestern Briefs
Announcement of a scholarship
valued at SIOO to Georgetown College,
Georgetown. Ky., available to Phoenix
Junior College students. was made re
rently by I»oan H. It. Wyman.
Eighteen thousand depositors In de
funct Arizona bank* and building and
loan associations received dividends
totaling $456,000 before Christmas, the
State Banking Department announced.
Gov. B. B. Mo«*ur ha* signed procla
mations granting pardons and corn
mutatiohs to sixteen convicts in the
Arizona penitentiary, including Kath
erine Kneinas and Aubrey Robertson,
convicted of murder.
The estate of the Nogales, Aria., Na
tional bank has declared an 8 per cent
dividend, which represents $32,000. it
was announced by W. J. Donald, re
ceiver of the Institution. The bank
went into receivership in Nor., 1931.
Rated for 15.000 barrels daily, the
Texas Company brought In a huge
j gusher in the Jalco pool. Lea county,
N. M., which rated that field along
with the Hobbs High field ns the most
prolific pool in southeastern New Mex
j ico.
The Sierra Grande Oil Company has
spudded In Its firßt oil well in the
lies Moines. N. M.. district at 1,03 ft
feet. Mayors from Amarillo, Dalhart,
< layton, Texline and several other
towns made talks just before the well
was opened.
Las Vegas. N. M , is to have a new
completely modern theater, officials
of the Fox West Coast chain have an
nounced. The theater will bo built In
West La* Vegas, to replace the Plaza,
which was gutted beyond repair by
fire recently.
De Baca and Baker, Santa Fe, N. M .
contractors, were awarded the con
tract by the board of directors of the
Fort Sumner Irrigation district for
construction of ditch laterals and si
j phons in connection with the Fort
; Sumner diversion dam.
United Navajo reservation officials
have completed plans for a Burvey of
the entire reservation to determine
| the relief needs of jobless tribesmen.
| It was Indicated that the survey might
show the need of increased FERA al
lotments for the states of New Mexico
and Arisona to care for the Indians.
Work on tht Phoenix city sanitary
sewer system extension has begun
with 200 men being given employ
ment. The icwt-r extension Job, a
$436,000 project. Is the first to be
started of four public works admin
istration Improvements which will en
tail expenditure of approximately $2,-
000.000.
Navajo Indiana will be encouraged
to save their earnings from relief
agencies for purchase of farm equip
ment, Improvement of their homes and
their farm land. This program was
revealed following conclusion of de
liberations of the ‘‘cabinet’* of tht
United Navajo jurisdiction at Fori
Wingate. N. M., recently.
University of Arizona freshmen whe
forget to wear their green "beanies'
or otherwise violate campus trmdl
Hons, will henceforth be locked in pll
lories. Seniors are building woodec
stocks like the Puritans used. A stu
dent court will determine how many
hours the first year men and women
shall have their heads fastened in a
slot between two beams.
An additional allotment of SIOO.OOC
for the t’aballa dam on the Rlc
Grande river in New Mexico has been
announced by Public Works Adminls
trator lekes. The additional money
i makes provision to increase the height
of the dam at some later date in or
der to make possible development of
power at the Elephant Butte dam.
above the Caballo site.
The Arizona Pioneers’ Historical So
ciety at the University of Arizona has
received recently two donations from
residents of Globe to enrich their
files of reference material on early
Arizona history. A gift from J. A.
Davis. Globe, is an old copy of the
Great Register of 1881. Dan R. Wil
liamson, also of Globe, has given the
society a photograph of his brother,
the late Alexander Williamson.
The Arizona State Highway Com
mission recently defeated a proposal
to designate the Horse Thief basin
route as a forest highway. Federal
roads and forestry officials, however,
Informed the commission they were
going to sponsor a survey of the route.
R. L. Ormsbee, business manager
for the State Highway Department,
will become comptroller for the New
Mexico relief administration, accord
ing to Miss Margaret Reeves, state
relief administrator.
Former Governor M. A. Otero re
membered that thirty years ago Christ
mas Day, triplets, said to be the first
born in New Mexico, saw the light of
day ;n Artesla, N. M. t but he doesn’t
recali promising them a section of
land each. The writer of the letter,
whose name was not divulged by U.
S. District Attorney Barker, claimed
his wife was one of the triplets and
that her father, who now lives in
Texas, declared she was entitled to a
section of land in New- Mexico.
Navajo interpreters will go to school
in January to learn technical words
necessary to express ideas of the In
dian New Deal, William Zeh, Central
agency superintendent, has announced.
The school wdll take up such prob
lems as the devising of a Navajo ex
pression for the word “germ,” which
the Indian's vocabulary now contains
no adequate Idea. Moving pictures
and other methods of visual as well as
oral education will be used in putting
across the new ideas to the Navajo
interpreter, who will carry the New
Deal terms to the Indians.
: Czech Olympic
•-■ - ' ~ .'. „
Macedonians in Praha for Czechoslovakian Olympic.
Prepared by National O* ■ •-raphlc K-x lety,
, Washington. t>. C.—WNti Service
EVERY »lx years Czechoslo
vakia stage* Its own “Olym
-5 pic.” Praha (Prague) the
’ capital city, don* party dress, puts
out It* welcome mat and moves to
a heightened tempo. Hotel rooms
lire reserved weeks ahead; a chair
* In a restaurant puts a visitor in u
privileged class. Special trains,
* trailing one another Into Wilson
■ station, disgorge colorful crowds
from rural districts. Airplane* drop
1 off visitors from the four winds of
heaven.
The enormous stadium on Strahov
* hill, bleakly barren between meet
• lugs, bustles with barelegged ath
‘ letes of both sexes with the fire of
. enthusiasm In tlielr eyes, and eager
f youngsters Imitating their elders In
athletic prowess.
, Outside the distant gateways long
. 1 lines of performers awnlt the signal
■ to Invade the 507-acre field In which
r the largest "big top” would be but
- i a side show.
t Czechoslovakia's own Olympics re
turn to the old stamping ground,
, and the greatest group drills on
{ earth are fitted together out of hun
. dreds of units, each a mosaic of all
classes. Tills national concour*e of
t gymnasts Is not a mere physical
culture exhibit. It is the moblliza
j tlon of a nation's sinew, spirit, and
dreams.
When the Czech Yankee Doodle
1 sticks a feather in his cap, that
1 feather marks the wearer as a fal
con—a Sokol. In Slavic lands, from
1 the Baltic to Turkey, the word
e evokes familiar heroes of age-old
legends.
i The Sokol movement affects all
classes and all ages. Children of
six move In uniformed companies.
1 Mature citizens lift their centers of
I gravity to military contours. Coun
► try women arrive wearing so many
I bright petticoats that they seem to
» be smuggling woolen goods into a
- besieged city.
' Scenes of Gaiety and Splendor.
1 Native arts, handicrafts, and
songs take on new lease of life.
" The factory girl whose usual "best
dress" Is plain cotton brings forth
old aprons strident with color and
. balloon sleeves bulging w ith era
: broidery. The society lady lays
aside her clinging gown for such
homespun finery as her mother
5 habitually wore on festival occa
-1 slons when costume was local rath
er than International In pattern,
t Long before the main perform
ance starts, the Charles bridge re
i sembles an endless belt of ethno
graphic exhibits Issuing from the
• archway of a fine Gothic tower and
i losing themselves In the long ar
' cades beyond the Vltava. Costumes
I from Cechy (Bohemia), Morava,
(Moravia). Slezsko (Silesia), Slo
vensko (Slovakia), and Podkarpat
ska Rus (Ruthenla) make the close
s packed streets of the Mala Strana,
j or "Little Town,” look like aisles In
r a dahlia show.
i Czech theaters put on their best
. artists to supplement the mighty
* drama of the Pan-Sokol Festival.
• Art Galleries vie with the living
? picture of a nation’s strength. Con
, cert halls furnish a musical relax
ation after hours of suspense and
. emotional excitement. Dvorak’s
I “New World Symphony" Is seldom
) better played than in the Old Town
1 at Praha.
Czech genius is many-sided and
» there Is a strong current of lndivld
. ualism, but there are no star per
formers In the mass drills, In which
, 00,000 arms and legs compose qulek
r flashing scales of eye music for 155,-
000 spectators. The home-run, the
> last-minute touchdown, the final
lunge to personal victory, are lack
ing in the group displays. Much of
the drama is psychological, for the
precision, the verve, and the magnl
- tude of the spectacle are but visual
. evidences of a mighty spirit under
- lying aIL
J High on the roof of the tribune.
hidden from the most-favored sjiec-
I tators, are the group leaders; but
1 the Invisible director Is the man
i whose centenary was celebrated In
.! 1032, at the Ninth Pan-Sokol Fes
tival, Dr. Miroslav Tyrs.
The Sokols united the Czechs
when they were still men without a
country. Thomas G. Masaryk, the
distinguished and revered first and
only president of the Czechoslovak
republic, added the pen stroke
j which won the geographic setting
for an accomplished fact
Started in 1862.
Doctor Tyrs built his dream on a
i drill squad of 75 Sokol members,
who Initiated his system of gym
nastics on March 5, 1802. The
First Pan-Sokol Festival lc 1881,
including (100 Sokols gathered from
70 different units, was considered a
great success.
The Seventh Sokol Festival In'
Praha In 1920, Involving the mobll-j
Ization of 70,000 trained athletes 1
and countless spectators, was a ma-T,
Jor factor In the consolidation of a* l
new nation in the heart of Europe.!!;
Czech consciousness and patriot
ism, fostered by the Sokol organiza
tion for nearly sixty years, had
proved its worth.
From the air the great stndlum
on Strahov hill seems more like a
village than an arena.
There were 140,000 participants
In the meeting of 1932. From June
5 to July 0 the athletic colony was
busy. Preceding the main adult
festival, from July 2 to July 6, first
the children, then the adolescents,
displayed their skill and training.
From June 29 to July 6 the streets
were a riot of color In lnformul or
formal parades of marchers In
local or national dress.
Delegates from neighboring lands
added even greater variety to the
display, which took on characteris
tics of a fashion show of peasant
handicrafts and needlework. Al
though membership la limited to
Slavs and a few nationals from
countries which fought on the side
of the Entente during the World
war, Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, and
Bulgars have been allied with the
Czech* in the Sokol movement and
recent festivals have had an Inter
national aspect
The Stars and Stripes wave over
many a colorful procession and
July 4 Is celebrated as the “Fourth
of July."
It is hard to understand how
drill teams from 3,144 widely dis
tributed units arrive at such per
fection; but the Sokol organization
has Its own publishing plant and
the music to which the movement*
are set is distributed long before
the show.
Special gramophone records are
made and sent to all parts of the
country, and on Sunday mornings
the Praha broadcasting station Is
used by Sokol instructors, who give
directions and the words of com
mand which are employed In the
final exhibitions. Nothing Is left
to chance. That is contrary to the
entire Sokol spirit.
Great Allegorical Pageant.
The festivals are distinguished
not only by mass drills and color
ful parades, but also by an al
legorical pageant. In 1932 this al
legory related this radio-directed
spectacle with the original Olym
pic festivals which Inspired Doctor
Tyrs.
From the central stage a figure
impersonating the Sokol founder
expressed his aspirations for a
healthy state composed of healthy
beings. Time turned back to Olym
pia, where such Ideals were so no
tably exemplified. Greek cham
pions, warriors, priests, and poets
engaged in spirited contests, and
ancient Greece lived again.
These representatives of antique
glories then turned into lifeless
statues. There was a pause, dur
ing which one could sense the loss
the world suffered when the glory
thnt was Greece became a memory.
Then the statues came to life, cast
aside the drapings of an outworn
past, and appeared In the Sokol
uniforms which had won new glory
during the mass drills of the earlier
days of the festival The Olympic
ideal, resurrected, took a place In
practical, modern living.
All classes unite In this great ex
hibition of individual health and
group efficiency. Visitors here see
a unified nation in concerted action.
Many a Czechoslovak Is getting
an even greater thrill. Splendid
as Is the spectacle from the side
lines, a part in the big game Is
even more moving. Every six years
a hundred thousand players, trained
away from awkwardness and self
consciousness to grace and group
consciousness during months or
years of practice, win a rich re
ward for tlielr efforts. Small teams
of athletes cannot attain this na
tion-wide spirit of co-ordination.
The Sokol Festival Is the flower of
an entire nation’s growth.
During these golden days In
Praha a highly industrialized and
modern nation lives In the fairy
land of beauty and dreams. Where
has a dream proved more practical
than that of Tyrs. who, behind
trained muscles, glimpsed clear,
clean, thinking minds and the free
state they were to build and serve?
Machinaw Trout Grow Large
The lake or Mackinaw trout, larg
■ est of all trout, may reach a weight
of eo pounds.

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