I nited States Mobilizes for War on Crime
Bjf WILLIAM C. UTLEY
THE United SUte* has de
dared aar oo crime. Feder
al agent* got John Dlllinger.
They got "Fretty Hoy" Floyd. And
at tfc* cost of two of the m»*t
promising young men to the Do
partroecit of Justice secret arrvloe.
Sa■: el A. Co«kf and Herman F.
iioil.s. they got "Baby f ace" NVI
■on. Now with federal bullets having
stilled forever the heartbeats and
hav ng destroyed for all time the
brains of these arch criminal "big
shots." and with federal bar* secure
ly crippling the one time power of
the biggest sh-»t of them all, Mr.
~.*v irface Al" Capone. America
feels that (he time la ripe for an
organized and concerted mobiliza
tion of all of the forces of aoclety
l(i ar. lrresistltde drive r.ft <-tiiy to
track down all of the murderers
and criminals in the land, but to
strike st their very breeding places
and cauterize the open arts of so
c •»ty where the criminal pestilence
1 ills * % tire reason for the re
cent national crime conference
ralir-j by the President and Attor
ney Om-rs! Homer S. Gumming*.
President Roosevelt himself, ad
dressing the conference at Its
oj>et)lf!g, dec It red that two things
wt-re Immediately nece*\ .ry In gird
ing the land for the n|*-nlng battles
of the war.
"First. I ask you to plan and to
cot*struct with scientific care a con
stantly improring administrative
structure —a structure which will
tie together eTery crime prerenting,
law enforcing agency of every
branch of the gov ernment—the fed
eral govern men t, the ♦* state gov
ernments. and ail the local govern
ments, Including counties, cities and
towns," said the President.
"Yotir second task is of vqual Im
portance. An administrative struc
ture that Is perfect will still be In
effective In results unless the peo
ple of the t'nlted States understand
the larger purpose*, and co-operate
with these purposes."
Inadequate organization of police
forces was blamed by the lYesident
for conditions that have existed.
Cut Out tbs Glamor.
OoL Henry I. Stimson, secretary
of state under the Hoover adtnlnls
tration, who by his very presence
gave the conference an air of polit
ical nonpartisanship, made (he oth
er kejmote address. He pies vied
that crime be robbed of the sensa
tionalism that has been given It In
many picture*, advising that a sin
cere caminlgn to expose crime snd
rob It of Its glamor could be of all
important value In waging this kind
of a war.
Colonel Stimson also scored the
tardy and uncertain Justice that
prevails In this country, citing by
comparison the *i<eed and dispatch
of British trials, which are more
undramatic than ours but more effi
cient. and reminding the confer
ence that the I'nited States has a
homicide rate twenty times as high
as that of England. He quoted sta
tistics to show that In one of Amer
ica’s largest cities you can commit
a burglary and your chances for
escaping any sort of penalty may
be as high as 3W to 1.
"The lawyer who uses his posi
tion as a member of the state legis
lature to tinker up the criminal
code of his state In favor of the
criminal class, which he makes a
Herman E. Hollis.
business of defending in the court*.
Is Just as responsible for the break
down of Justice as Is the corrupt
Jury fixer or bail broker,” declared
The first definite step In the cam
paign. as suggested by Attorney
General Cummings, would be the
establishment of *'a great national
and scientific training center” for
training law enforcement officials
This would make for our national
police force# • sort of “West
Point” or "Annapolis - ’ for the train
ing of policemen,
Hueh a school would undoubtedly
furnish highly trained and skilled
policemen for cities, towns and
states who needed them.
Need Snecialized Training.
With more universities and col
leges and more opportunities for a
young man to acquire an education
than any other nation on earth, we
•till have no achool which special
izes In tbs training of police, yet
thousands of young men join the
ranks of some sort of police or
ganization every day. Only In s
few schools have course* In rrim
inet g y or police administration
been developed to any great extent.
The most notable of these Is the
scientific crime detection labora
tory of Northwestern university at
Chicago. Almost half of the other*
are confined to one area In the
i country, the Pacific mast. Both
the t’niverslty of Southern Callfor-
J. E. Hoover.
nia and the University of California
1 at Berkeley have highly developed
schools of police administration,
the latter under Prof. August Toll
mer. who also started a police ad
j ministration department at the
j University of Chicago. Inter aban
doned Other medicolegal courses
are available at Han J<*se. in Call
| fornla, Columbia In New York city,
the University of Wichita (Kan.),
Leonards Ksslsr (Lsft) of Northwsstsm University Using His Polygraph
(Lis Dstector) on a Suspect.
the I'nlrenUty of Cincinnati and
the medicolegal Institute of rater
eon. N. J.
Northwestern * laboratory haa ac
complished much in the held of
•dentine crime detection. Ita eerv-
Icea are frequently sought by the
Chicago police department, whom It
•enrea without charge, and other
police departments to whom It
makes a charge commensurate with
the work carried on.
Bright star of the school is Its
I.eonarde Keeler, director of par
chology, who has developed much
of its laboratory. A pleasant young
man who looks hardly thirty but
must he more than thirty-five, Mr.
Keeler is thoroughly In sympathy
with the suggestion of a West Point
for police, and more than obliging
If you ask him to show you through
the Northwestern laboratory.
N. U. Well Equipped.
Thla Itself is a combination of
schoolroom, business office and ex
hibit. The first thing you encoun
ter Is the finger-print exhibition,
worked up to a perfection attained*
by few organizations. Here, Mr.
Keeler explains, the men are shown
all of the little tricks of enlarging
finger prints by photography to a
point where every little detail may
be carefully studied. The labora
tory has solved several Important
cases In this manner.
Next, Mr. Keeler’s pointer leads
you to the cabinet devoted to secret
and code messages, showing the
various means In which ultra-violet
light and chemicals are used to de
tect hidden messages written into
seemingly harmless notes with milk
or other substance.
Photomicrography the art of
photographing and studying objects
as tiny as a cross section of hair—
Is the next exhibit By means of
this science, hair left on the per
son of an attacked vlcthn. for In
stance. may be examined to dis
cover Its nature and source, as may
flneernail scrapings or dust de
“Now here are a few bombs and
high explosives that have been con
fiscated in bombings and fires.** says
Mr. Keeler, laying his pipe on a
shelf next to a few bottles and
tubes marked "High Explosive” or
"Iksngerous." while you squirm and
hope to heaven he knows Ids busi
ness. “By studying these bombs
snd their construction, in many
cases after they had been explod
ed. we can determine the Identity
of the maker. If he is a known
There are few llmita to where
the science of crime detection may
carry th»* experimenter. Here Is a
process known as moulage. which
Mr. Keeler and his associate* have
developed to an amazing degree of
| perfection. It is the art of mak
ing casta of any object from the
entire head or torso of a dead body
j to small tool marks In w.»od or
metal. 'Phis can preserve the evi
dence for an indefinite jx-riod.
Experts in Ballistics.
The Sorthwesterners are espe
cially adept in their study of ball
istic* —bullets and firearm*. They
can make Identification of any cali
l*er or type of bullet, tell what kind
of powder fir*-d If and what kind
of a weapon it was fired from In
| the case of a suspected weapon
they can determine whether or not
j It fired the bullet submitted In evi
| But It l« in the art of discover
j Ing deception In s suspected wit
i ness that the laboratory excels any
similar bureau in the world. This
Is done through Mr. Keeler s own
development of the polygraph or. as
It ts popularly and somewhat erro
neously termed, the “lie-detector
The polygraph registers the sub
ject's blood pressure and respira
tion over a period of time when
he is being questioned. He is asked
a great many question*, a large
part of them entirely Irrelevant to
tbe crime of which he Is suspected.
Whenever a relevant question l*
slipped In. it I* noticed from the
blood pressure and respiration
charts that these will fluctuate dis
tinct ljr when he attempts to prsc-
tie* and Intentional deception. While
the machine has never been admit
ted in court as evidence, it has been
especially useful in breaking down ,
a suspect's resistance and facili
What may be accomplished if a
comprehensive school and large
laboratory are set up for the IH>
partment of Justice bureau of ld**n
tlflcation. was hinted at by J. Ed
gar Hoover, young bead of the bo j
'’fsi-* f ty
-i. • A saSJelta
Samuel A. Cowley.
reau and one of the leading spirits
of the crime conference, when he
revealed the fact that the bureau
bad on hand 4.700,000 finger-prints
of known criminals, or more thae
ten times as many as the fameo
Scotland Yard. The department has
a record of 94 convictions out of
every 100 arrests. The main diffi
culty in administration seems to
be that it is not making enough ar
rests and. because of lack of on
oj»eratlon *nd co-ordination with
local bodies, not nearly enough so
clal work and education Is being
conducted to stop the early devel
opment of criminals and criminal
C- Western spacer Colon.
THE COOLIDOE EXAMINER
By R. n. WILKINSON
©. Bet: Syndicate *—WXU Service.
// man I marry.” Raid Sa
** I bin* Van Nujr, ”i* going to
A oo different.”
She flung her arm* tn a gesture
that Included the * hole of the
western horizon, as If she half ex
pected the person, to whom she re
ferred. to come gn!h*plng out of the
•unset on a fiery steed.
"He’s going to be different.” she
went on, “from anyone I’ve ever
known. Strange, mysterious, ro
"That," said young Gilbert But
ler. looking at her whimsically, “Is
somewhat of a surprise."
“Surprise. Oil? Why?"
Gilbert scratched bis chin.
"Weil, for one thing. I’ve consid
ered mjself sort of engaged to you
for about twenty years. |—l rather
took It for granted. And I'm In
clined to think that most of the
people In our crowd will be n little
alarmed when they learn we haven’t
been engaged at all. that you’re
planning on marrying *<>me one
else. Still." he paused, squinting at
the lowering sun. "I sup(M>se you
know what you're up to.”
Sabina laughed, squeezing his
“Dear old OIL If 1 didn't know
you so well I'd think you w-ere seri
ous. Isn't It funny, though, to think
of you and roe getting married?
Why. were known each other for
years and years. There's absolute
ly nothing about either of us that
the other doesn't know. It would
be silly to think of u* marrying,
“I’m afraid our folk* won’t think
so." Gilbert *nid doubtfully.
“They'll get u*ed to It. After all.
we have our own lives to live. We
! can’t be prejudiced by our folks. It
wouldn't be fair.” She stopped sud
denly and turned to face him. “But
i whatever happens, Gil, you’ll al
ways be the same to me. Always
the l>e*t friend Fve ever had."
“Thanks.” said GIL
It was two weeks later at a ball
which the elder Van Nnys were
holding in honor of a visiting guest
I that Sabina met the man who was
He was no less a person than
• Ivan Kremovilrh. retired officer of
i the Russian Cossacks, week-end
guest at the Van Nay country es
Ivan was tall and dark and mys
He talked broken English and
looked at her with smouldering fires
j In his eyes.
He danced divinely and held her
In hts arms with a strength that
; thrilled her.
Ye*, after a half hour with Ivan.
Sabina woa sure he was the man.
It was exactly as If he had
stspjvcd out of a story book, as if
he had come riding to claim her out
of the sunseL astride a fiery
They were dancing a dreamy
waltz. The lights were dimmed.
The music was soft and far-away
All about them were moving, glid
ing bodies; the dim shuffle of feet.
Iler head rested on Ivan's shoul
It was as If they were in another
world, floating through space.
They danced on, Ivan guiding her
Into a little cleared space In an al
There was only one other couple
there. Sabina looked at them In
The other couple was Gilbert and
She knew Floy, mostly by repu
A silvery blond, beautiful, exotic,
a trifle mysterious.
No one knew a great deal about
She was rather a strange crea
It had been rumored that she had
risen from the ranks, so to speak.
That she had no background.
Ivan kept circling In the alcove,
plainly indicating that he expected
the other couple to leave.
But Gilbert and Floy apparently
had no intention of doing so.
Their attitude was that of being
It annoyed Sabina to see how
closely Gilbert held his blond part
She hoped he wouldn't get mixed
up in any sort of mess with the girl.
She hated to think of Gil becom
ing Involved In a scandal.
Sabina looked up and saw a (lash
of anger In Ivan’s eyes.
The preseuce of the other couple
She knew he wanted to be alone
with her. And she wondered how
she’d act if he attempted tc kiss
A moment ago she would nave
been thrilled. . . .
She stared at him.
He was breathing heavily; his
eyes smoldering now with some
thing more than mere mystery and
romance in them.
She saw for the first time that
his skin was swarthy, that the lit
tle bends of perspiration w hich had
appeared on his forehead pro
duced a greasy look.
At their elbow danced Gil and
Floy. Gil, cool as always, seemiag ,
not to labor at all despite the close
ness of the alcove.
And In hts arms—Floy, beautiful
and alluring, looking up at him,
Gilbert hadn't even seen her and
Iran. lie wa* aware only of the
fresh youn; beauty In his arms.
Their feet scarcely moved.
Gil was bending over, bringing
his face close to the full red lips
that waited to receive Ids kiss . . .
Sabina suddenly screamed.
Giil>ert whirled around, saw her,
saw Ivan l<»oklng at her In aston
ishment. strode aero** to where she
stood on one foot, gripping her
ankle with a hand.
“ Blna! What's happened? . . ,
Didn't know you were here . . .**
"It's my ankle. I—l must have
twisted It. «>hl" She reached out,
grasped Gilbert’s arm, swayed
Ivan looked on dumbly, an ex
pression of mlngied anger and be
wUdennent on his swarthy visage.
Floy had not moved from tier jhjsl
tion In the corner.
There was a slightly contemptu
ous smile about her lips.
"Gil—help me—to a chair. The
pain Is awful r
Gilbert slipped an arm about her
waist, half led. half carried her
through the French doors on to tiie
moon flooded veranda.
They passed one vacant settee
after another, at length found one
secluded by deep shadow* Sabina
snt down, emitting a faint groan.
“Hurt badly. 'llinn? Shall 1 get
"No!" Sabina laid a restraining
hand upon his arm. "No. Just stay
here with me."
For a moment she was silent,
watching his face In the dim light.
Theu: **oB —I—l'm rather glad It
happened. My ankle, I mean. I—
hated to see you carrying on with—
"TUna! In heaven's name, why?
Floy's a good kid. What difference
dm** It make to you, anyhow?"
Sabina bit her lip and flushed In
the darkness, glad that Gil couldn't
“After all It does make a differ
ence. I —that Is, you're my best
Gilbert was silent and after a mo
roeot Sabina said:
"I wanted to tell you I was sorry
about what I snid that day we
watched the sunset."
"You mean about marrying a ‘dif
"No. About u* knowing every
thing about each other."
"That doesn't mean much now."
He paused. "I see you've found
your romantic lover."
He stood up.
"Well. 1 must go hack and apol
ogise to Floy. I* there anything
else I can do for you?"
Ills tone was cold.
"What is itr
"After you aimloglze to Floy, find
Ivan and tell him I won't he back
tonight. Then come back here and
ask me again to marry you."
Gilbert muttered something un
der hts breath and sat down.
"Suppose," he said, drawing her
close to him, "we let Floy and Ivan
figure It out for themselves."
“And you and I can practice find
ing out things about each other we
don't already know."
Bears and Goats Devour
Trail Builders’ Markers
Kvery now and then the National
Park service collects and mimeo
graph* "nature notes" on flora and
fauna within Its domain. A recent
emanation dealt with hear, birds
Once upon a time a Yosemlte
party was camping along Clark
creek where It crosses the Merced
Pass trail. Mamma bear with two
cubs came ambling down the trail.
Discovering the campers, she turned
about with her young and crossed
the stream to go back up the trail,
the bulletin recounted.
Suddenly she stopited In her
tracks and sent one cub back to
reconnoiter. she and her other baby
remaining where they were. The
Investigator, though, found nothing
edible despite a thorough search
among pots and pans.
A small dish mop was all he
could find worth picking up and his
Judgment was scorned by the moth
er bear, who made him drop the
loot as the trio ran off to seek more
profitable conquests. The bulletin
made much of that.
floats have Joined the ranks of
deer and bear In discouraging trail
building In Glacier National park. It
noted. White rags used In laying
out trails In advance had been
mysteriously disappearing, when one
day the crew came upon two moun
tain goats enjoying a repast of the
Cases have been recorded in the
past of deer consuming these choice
morsels and bear take delight in
knocking down these signs.
Housewives consider the Brewer
blackbirds and take envy. When
these creatures move into Yosemite
National park in the spring the
males are first to arrive. After
about a week or ten days, time
enough for Mr. Blackbird to find if
suitable site and get comfnrtafilv
settled, Mrs. Blackbird arrives to
find everything ship-shape, ready
for her to move in, the Park Service
I Ingenious Solution of
: Daytime “Nap* Problem
ROBERTA EAIU.E WINDSOR. Na
. tional Kindergarten association.
The problem of the daytime nap
• nearly had us beaten. Our little Mol
ly. Just three and n half, was so arn
■ hltious, so interested iu averythlng
and so afraid that she would miss
' out on something, that she Just
couldn't find time to sleep during the
daytime. We tried all of the usual
; means of luring her off to ti daylight
dreamland with but little success.
Then one day In a children's shop I
found the solution to this trouble
• tome problem.
• The solution was in the form of a
little pink rayon crepe nightie. It
had ail the luster of crepe de chine
and was trimmed with bands of tur
quoise blue. Molly loves slik and 1
had an Idea that the purchase of this
little nightie would i>e a good in
vestment. And truly It was the be
ginning of our little Molly's becoming
' a sweeter child. Every child, no
matter how ambitious, needs some
rest during the day In order to keep
liappy and well behaved.
I have found the use of dainty nnd
attractive sleeping garments a real
■ solution to the daytime nap problem.
• This success Is due, no doubt, In pan
• at least, to the fact that coax as
much ns she might, Molly ha* never
been permitted to wear the daytime
nighties at night.
Since the little "silk’* gown worked
such wonders, I have added to the
daytime sleeping apparel other pretty
wy LI ST EM IN SATURDAY 'B
If (12—3 p. m. M.S.T.X \|
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OR EXTENDED BY
, In the eternal struggle to devise.J
t ways of prolonging life science has
made an Interesting discovery. Ex- j
perl men ts Indicate that dieting may j
actually extend the life span—at j
least In rats.
So much attention is given to n J
proper diet for children that rapid I
growth and youthful health have
come to l*e closely associated with
longevity in the thinking of doctors j
ns well as laymen. This theory is
not directly contradicted, so far as
human beings are concerned, but Dr.
C. M. McOiy and Mary F. Crowell,
of the animal nutrition laboratory at
Cornell university, have taken the
liberty of casting doubt upon its
r validity. In the Scientific Monthly
1 they report the results of experi
ments with both fish and rats, which
Indicate that life can be extended by
" I retarding growth at early ages.
s No new discovery is claimed. As
early as the Sixteenth century Fran
cis Bacon declared that “longevity is
i to be procured by diets.” Nor are
any startling conclusions reached.
1 But these experimenters believe that
1 an Important factor in extending the
life of man has been revived. With
J the modesty that is customary among
l ! scientists, they claim “that the prob
* lenis of longevity can be attacked
profitably today by means available
f In most nutrition laboratories.”
: This hope of extended life is not
1 unloosed without a warning, how
’ ever. The dieting which brings long
• life among rats and fish Is confined
* to their period of Immaturity. Over
-5 weight adults can derive from the
•j McCay theory no biological Justifica
tion for attempts to attain an emaci
ated look after maturity. As if this
i were not sufficient to restrain unwar
’ ranted enthusiasm, a passage from
Lucretius Is recalled:
• | “Moreover, we spend our time
1 among the same things, nor by
length of life is any new pleasure
- hammered out.” —Washington Post.
, Kik'. a veteran warhorse, owned
( by a building contractor at Aix En
Provlnc, France, has Just reached his
, fort; -first birthday. Kiki was tweu-
I ty-f.ve at the close of the World war,
, and shooting him was considered, but
, officials decided that an animal of his
| venerable age should be permitted to
, end his days in peace.
. n-.fc; £i.Y3Ba . i
If Is thg ffloltars
. . . that circulate among ourselves, in our own
community, that in the end build our schools and §
churches, pave our streets, lay our sidewalks, increase
our farm values, attract more people to this section. |
Buying our merchandise in our local stores means B
keeping our dollars at home to work for all of us. 1
and Interesting garments. There Is a
dainty little suit of flowered batiste
which Is übout the coolest sort of
pajamas that a child can slip Into af
ter the bath on a hot summer day.
For the downy outing pajamas for
winter, Molly was allowed to select
. tiie colors she liked best. She has a
bathrobe of French blue, made of
Turkish toweling, which adds Inter
est to the afternoon bath and a spe
cial pair of little bedroom Bllppers,
for daytime use only, heljied to make
Molly’s afternoon nap a pleasant oc
Molly loves these pretty things, as
she loves the flowers. She is never
told how pretty she is, nor encour
aged to stand before the mirror.
When she lias done so any tendency
toward self-admiration has been
turned aside by Interesting her in the
garment itself—Us color —graceful
lines—the people who made it. To
condition our little girl to he vain
would probably bring about more in
harroony than lack of sleep, but we
have found that this Is no more nec
essary In the appreciation of beauti
ful clothes than it Is in the love of
the wonders of nature.
Ea»t Indian Pomp
Fifty elephants In all the pomp of
their Jeweled trappings are to form
a part of India's official celebration
of the twenty-fifth anniversary of
the accession of King George to the
Chew for Beauty,
Hythmic chewing, combined with
exercises of the head and neck, was
revealed recently at New York to
2.000 models, members of the Models'
Guild, as the newest beauty formula.
The advice came from a well-known
specialist In response to a request
from the guild for Information re
garding the system.
A dozen exercises are Included in
the complete routine. The Instruc
tions for the one Illustrated: "Start
with chewing gum—one or two
sticks. After a few seconds, begin
the exercise by tossing the head
from side to side. Then open your
uiouth as wide as you can. Close it
gradually, and all the while endeavor
to chew your gum.”
This exercise Is designed to tone
the muscles of the chin and lower
jaw. Others promote a fine neck
line and beautiful cheeks.
The Harvard Graduate School of
Arts and Sciences, It Is reported, was
attended by students from 209 Amer
ican colleges and universities and
sixtv-nine foreign Institutions last
year. Forty-six states and twenty
two foreign countries were repre
sented in the attendance.
Ramuree Dcndrnff-otops Heir FaJJlnp
Imparl* Color and
Beauty to Gray and Feded Heir
Ox end SUOO mt
FLORESTON SHAMPOO ldeal for use In
connection with Parker's Hair Balsam. Makes the
hair soft and fluffy. CO cents by mail or at drug
gists. Hincox Chemical Works, Patchofrue, N. Y,
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