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AND MOT QUANTITY, IS THE MEASURE “The traditional eight-hours’ sleep requirement for adults, like all aver ages. is notably wrong in some cases,’’ W. K. Farhstein states in the American Magazine. •‘ltecent research at the Univer sity of Chicago shows that eight hours of sleep is really too much for the average person . . . “A series of observations in Ger many demonstrates that the quality of sleep is all important. It was shown that a deep sleep of six hours is more refreshing than a shallow sleep of eight. Also that one can train oneself to get enough sleep in four hours . . . “Jack McCarthy, the aged baker •who died recently in Ireland, habit rally baked all night and hunted all day. His definition of sleep was, •It’s only a habit.’ He had reduced his sleep time to five or six hours a week by a gradual cutting-down process over a period of many years. “The Patriarch of the Coptic church resident in Alexandria, Egypt, •does not get much rest. If he falls asleep, he is awakened, as a part of "the sect's ritual, by his attendants •every i 5 minutes . . . “The Urubu Indian tribes of Bra zil have the quaintest sleeping cus lom ii, the world. The oldest mera 'bers >f the tribe sleep on the ground, the middle-aged lie on top of them, •and the young on top of the middle aged, forming a human pyramid . . .” Crow a garden of "GRADUATES" from a real seed breeding institute Co., America’s ’Xseed growing ous yearly tests and with infinite care, has pro tected market and home gardeners against deterioration in seed quality. Our foundation stock is de veloped at The Ferry-Morse Seed Breeding Institute Stations at Rochester, Mich., and Salinas, Cal. This purebred stock is then used for seed production on our own farms, or under our direct super vision. The seed crops from this stock are sold only after thorough tests have shown that they are of proper quality and germination. That is why North, South, East, West you can buy seeds from the Ferry display in your neighborhood store with the great est assurance that they will repro duce true to type and quality. Look for the Ferry display be fore planning your garden. Write for free copy of our Home Garden Catalog. Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Detroit and San Francisco. THE FERRY-MORSE SEED BREEDING INSTITUTE Devoted to improving and maintaining the quality of America’s garden seeds. What Counts Talking gets a job but worklmr holds it. Coleman f —Tfk SELF-HEATING The Coleman 13 a pen- | D nine Instant Lighting Iron. All you have to do is turn a valve, strike a match and it lights instantly. You don’t have to insert the match inside the iron—no burned fingers. The Coleman heats tn a jiffy; is quickly ready for use. Entire ironing surface is heated with point the hottest Maintains its heat even for the fast worker. Entirely self-heating. Operates for HC an hour You do your ironing with lesa effort, in one-third less time. Be sure your next iron is the genuine Instant-Lighting Coleman. It’s the iron every woman wants. It’s a wonder ful time and labor saver—nothing like It. The Coleman is the easy way to iron. SEND POSTCARD for FREE Fold.r and Full DotaNo. iTHE COLEMAN LAMP AND STOVE CO. Dept WU3I6 Wichita. Kane.; Chirago. 11l ; Philadelphia, Pa.; Loe Anselea, Calif. (6315 W) TOP QUALITY IIP SEEDS Barttldct 100 D var.atiM—««g«- The Quality Seed House of tSo tables, flowers, grains. Com- West for more than 66 year*. plcte line of insecticides, garden and farm equipment. Ask your / dealer for FREE CATALOG. Ask your / g, m Dealer for /jfV /' “"yftjf| Comfortable ■v OVERALL/ Amaxingshoulder com aT? and freedom for /f A-.S.'J in beck gives with every V SSE3V movement. None wear brllet. No shrink! Right V j pricel Work in ease, POJ FISH-BACK fiEjpa overalls BRISBANE THIS WEEK If Five Dictators Unite England Is Feverish Wealth for a Good Girl Gen. Mitchell Finds Rest Rome hints that Mussolini and Hitler have arranged a protective treaty with Aus- tria, Poland and Hungary. Five countries under dictators, united against England and France, still experimenting with the old "de inocra cy,” would be inter esting. One dictator, Stalin, supposed to have an un derstanding with France, might offset the other IB Arthur Hritihane combination. Also, Ilitler will remember that in 1914 Germany thought she had lta)y in a “triple alliance”—ltaly- Austrla-Germany, but Italy did not stay. Had she stayed, the war might have ended otherwise. That Increases Mussolini’s bitterness, With England trying to cause Italy’s defeat by barbarous Ethiopia. Mr. Eden, young foreign secre tary, tells England modern condi tions are “dreadfully" like condi tions before 1914. England must arm herself to the teeth and have, for final objective, “a world-wide system of collective security which embraces all nations in an author ity which is unchallenged and un challengeable.” That might be done by two or three countries closely united, al though the airplane makes every thing in war uncertain. It might destroy a capital city and an alli ance in one morning, as a pistol destroys tiie strongest man. Countess Barbara Hutton Hnug witz-Reventlow lias a new baby boy weighing seven and a half pounds, and twenty million dollars; that in gold at the present price would weigh more than thirty thousand pounds. Ask Barbara Hutton Haug witz-Keventlow, as she holds that small baby, its eyes not focused, one small hand holding her finger, whether she would rather have the baby or the $20,000,000, and she will think your question silly. She would not take a million millions for the baby. This proves that any good young woman who marries a kind young man may lie richer than any “live and ten” heiress. Gen. William E. Mitchell was buried in the family plot in Mil waukee, not. in Arlington cemetery. Having fought all his life against the enemies of his country and the stupidity of his superiors, he want ed peace at last. He lies beside his father, a United States senator from Wisconsin. General Mitchell lias gone wher ever patriotic, brave men go; some that opposed him will not follow him there. At Greenwood Lake, N. Y„ a mail carrying rocket went 2,000 feet from New York to New Jersey over Greenwood lake, while spectators smiled in derision. Other spectators smiled when Fulton tried his first steamboat. In Madison, Wis., death masks of Indians, more than 3,000 years old, found in burial grounds, lead back to savages of the Eskimo type that hunted mammoths near the beauti ful Wisconsin lakes 15,000 years ago. Those ancient savages, in stead of burying the dead, cleaned the skeletons neatly, covered the skulls with lifelike masks of clay, kept their relatives with them for years. The human race has done queer ' things always. Russia lias I.enin. embalmed, exhibited in the great \ Red square of Moscow. The world becomes gradually ! democratic. In King George’s fu lieral procession everybody walked, j At bis father’s funeral, the great all went on horseback, including King George’s cousin, the former kaiser, on a prancing white horse. Now King Edward VIII orders simpler uniforms, less fancy dress- ! Ins? in Buckingham palace. President Lewis, fifty, head of the* miners’ union, plenty of cash on 'land, offers William Green, Ameri- i can Federation of Labor head, .SSOO.- j 000 for a campaign to organize 500,000 men in the steel industry. Mr. Green, a long-time union man, has not accepted the offer. He j knows how easy it is for one man to become a tail for the other man’s kite. Mrs. Watson Davis, for Science Service, says the world needs just now: A remedy for the two great est “killers of men,” cancer and or ganic heart disease; a substitute for power, developed in primitive fashion from oil, coal, etc. That means harnessing the snn to one end of the scale, the atom at the otiier. © King Features Syndicate, lac, YVNU service. Improved SUNDAY International | SCHOOL LESSON By REV. P B. FITZWATER, D. D.. Member of Faculty, Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. © Western Newspaper Union. Lesson for March 15 JESUS TEACHES HIS DISCI PLES TO PRAY LESSON TEXT—Luke 11:1-13. GOLDEN TEXT—If we ask any thing according to his will, he hear eth us.—l John 5:14. PRIMARY TOPIC—When We Pray. JUNIOR TOPlC—Teach Us to Pray. INTERMEDIATE AND SENIOR TOPIC—What Jesus Says About Prayer. YOUNG PEOPLE AND ADULT TOPIC —Why Should We Pray? Prayer Is a matter which ought to be of great concern to every be liever, for, “The Lord is nigh unto all them that call upon him, to all that call upon him in truth. He will fulfill the desire of them tiiat fear him; he also will hear their cry, and will save them” (Ps. 145: 18, 19). There was something about the praying of Jesus that so impressed the disciples that they requested him to teach them to pray (Luke 11:1). May everyone of us enroll at once in the school of prayer with Christ as our Teach er. In response to the disciples’ request, Jesus set forth the fol lowing principles of prayer. I. The Right Relationship of the One Praying (v. 2). 1. Filial —“Father.”, The suppli ant in prayer must be a child of God. God’s gifts and blessings are for his children. This relationship can only be entered into through regeneration. Not all men have a right to say, “Our Father,” when addressing God. Only those who are children of God by faith in Jesus Christ can so address him. 2. Fraternal —“Our Father.” God has many children. His children are bound up together in nature and interests. Even in our secret prayer we should address him as ‘Our Father,” which is a recogni tion of the interest of others along side of ours. 11. The Right Attitude in Prayer (v. 2). 1. Reverent adoration —"Hallowed be thy name.” As children we have certain rights and privileges, yet holy reverence becomes us. 2. Loyalty—“ Thy kingdom come.’’ When praying to God we should come with a spirit of loyalty which cries out, “Thy kingdom come.” We should not only receive him as the Lord of our lives, but should loyal ly labor with him in inducing oth ers to submit to his rule. 3. Submission “Thy will be done.” We should have no will of our own regarding tiie rule of God. We should let him direct us in all things. 111. The Right Spirit in Prayer (vv. 3-8). 1. Dependent faith—“ Give us this day our daily bread” (v. 8). We should realize that not only bread, but life itself is ours to enjoy be cause of him and tie is able to do for us “exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think.” 2. Penitence and love —“Forgive us our debts” (v. 4). We should come to him realizing that we have sinned, and cry out to him for for giveness. Our heart should be so filled with love for others that we will forgive those who sin against us. as God has so willingly forgiven us. 3. Holiness and caution —"Lead us not into temptation” (v. 4). Be cause we are God’s children, and realizing the depravity of our na tures and the consequent tendency to practice that which displeases him, we should shrink from that which, if indulged in, would dis honor him, and earnestly cry unto him to lead us not into the place [where we would likely fall. 4. Intercessory (vv. 5,0). The | man who asked for bread did not ask for himself, hut for a friend. I Prayer which pleases God is un j selfish in its requests. 5. Perseverence (vv. 7.8). Though | the friend refused at first and of fered excuses, because of the one I making the request would not take "No” for an answer, he arose from his bed and gave him as many as he needed. Prayer pleases God and ! gets results. IV. Encouragement to Pra> ; (vv. 1) 12). 1. God’s promise (vv. 0. 10). True prayer cannot fail of answer, be cause God definitely promises that, I "Everyone that asketh recejveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to ! him that knocketh It shall be op ened.” 2. Example of an earthly father (vv. 11-18). No father will give a stone to his son who asked for bread, nor a serpent instead of a fish, nor a scorpion instead of an egg. God is infinitely more will ing to answer the prayers of his children than earthly parents are to give good gifts to their children. V. The True Goal of All Prayer (v. 13). God’s best gift is himself in the person of his Holy Spirit. All those who practice the principles which Jesus taught in this model prayer shall experience the bless ’ng of the Holy Spirit, TTTF COOLTDGE EXAMINER Who Are You? • ss The Romance of Your Name By RUBY HASKINS ELLIS A Richardson? THE coat of arms shown below is accredited to Thomas Richard son, oldest son of Thomas Richard son, of Ireland and New York city. The name Richardson, of course, comes from the personal name Rich ard. It is the combination of two Saxon words signifying rich or gen erous, in disposition, wealth, love or what-not. Richard was a favo rite name among the Normans also. In northern France, where they were masters of great estates, his tory records a long line of dukes called Richard. Then after the con quest of England by the Normans, there were several kings who bore the name, one of whom was Rich ard the Lionhearted, the Crusader king, who was defeated at Ascalon. The transition of tiie name Rich ard to Richardson occurred soon after the Norman conquest. William Belward, Lord of Malpasse, had two sons. The youngest was called Rich ard and his son took the name of Richardson. It is. said that there is scarcely a county in England where the name of Richardson is not known. It is also well established in Ireland and Wales. It has been borne by many great men of England, including Richard, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Richard, Earl of Cornwall, wall, brother of King Henry 111. The family first settled and flour ished in the counties of Norfolk, Yorkshire and Deerham in the Six teenth century. A branch of the Ivichardson fam ily removed from Norfolk county to Ireland in the reign of Queen Eliza beth. In IG6G, Charles II granted large tracts of land there to Simon Richardson. Many American Rich ardsons trace their lineage to tnis branch. Francis, a sou of Simon, was a judge of Ireland. Ezekiel Richardson came to Amer ica in Governor Winthrop’s fleet in IG3O. His brothers, Samuel and Thomas, followed in 1636. Another Simon sailed from Gravesend, Eng- j land, on the America, and settled In Virginia. John Richardson came to Virginia in 1636 on the ship Paul. , There were many early settlers of this family and consequently there are many descendants in every part of the country who have distinguished themselves in every walk of life. * * * A Greene? IT IS commonly supposed that the name of Greene is of Saxon or Scandinavian origin, but it is found that there was a patrician family of this name after the Roman con quest of England, which suggests that it is of Latin derivation. In the early part of the Thir teenth century, about twelve years before the granting of the Magna j Charta, during the reign of King | John, there lived in England one j Alexander de Boketon. It was his i great-grandson who took unto him self the name of Greene, and spelled iiu<iiiiiiiiiiuiiiimiiti!iiiiimii!mi!i!iiHiiiii!iiiiiiiimiiiHiimniiiiiiiiimiiiiiimiiuiiiiiiiiiii:iiw <2> reen? SMiHininniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiuiiiuiHiuiiuniiiiiuiiitiiiuiiiiiniitiini'tiuimiiiHiiiiittiin it Grene. He was created a knight and was a member of parliament from Northampton county. Sir Henry Greene, a descendant of this family, became lord chief justice of England. In America, tiie first Greenes set tled in New England, and Maj. John Greene was deputy governor of the colony of Rhode Island. Prominent personages of this fam ily in later times were Joseph War ren Greene and William Benton Greene of Rhode Island. The later was an eminent clergyman and pro fessor of ethics at l’rinceton Theo logical seminary. © Public Ledger. Inc.— WNU Service. what s' I L S__about: Making* Money in “Stir” . Beverly hills, calif. —Things certainly are love ly for the boys in the big stone bicle-a-wee homes, is it not so? At San Quentin here in Cali fornia, chosen groups turning out counterfeit money and nev er having to worry about getting in jail, since they are already in. And a nice jolly strike on at Alcatraz. And in my old home state, the in- mates just seeming to come and go at will, as it were. But In Illinois Is where the chaps enjoy the benefits of congenial soci ety without the bother of paying dues. It must be grand, serving as a member of the house committee of the Joliet Indoor Country club, what #:ft ■■ •M | IrvinS. Cobb j with crap games and poker parties j and liquor made right there on the premises, and shots in the arm at I the low rate of one dollar per shot. The day is at hand when “prison | break” in the headlines won’t mean that some of the fellows on the in side are trying to get out but that some of the fellows on the outside are trying to get in; and who could blame them? * * * The Yellow Peril’s Peril AT THIS moment the question before the house is whether it is more perilous to be a states man in Japan and give offense to the soldiers or a soldier in Ameri ca and give offense to the states men ? Howsomever, at the risk of being penalized for punning, this inno cent bystander ventures the pre diction that amongst us there won’t be any more of these summary re movals for the Hagood of the serv ice, as it were. Because when something happens off or on a military post to make Tom Blanton the blood-sweating behemoth of Texas Democracy, line up with a lot of Republicans—well, 1 never thought I’d live to see the day. I don’t believe Uncle Tom did, either. I’ll bet nobody is more surprised than he is. * * * Abolishing Potlatches AT LAST accounts, the Canadian parliament had a bill before it to abolisli potlatches. When an In dian gets prosperous, he gives a party, with free food and drink for all, and whatever he has left over he bestows upon the guests and so winds up beggared but happy. That’s a potlatch. Although at present confined to the Indians, it’s not their own idea. They borrowed it from some of the early settlers. It’s an old Scotch custom. Tracing the genesis of tradition !al things is interesting. I thought ! the famous motto of the North ' west Mounted Police had originat ed within the force until once i when I tackled some native smok ing tobacco at a trading post in \ upper Ontario. As soon as I re covered consciousness I knew ! whence came the slogan, “Always | Gets Its Man!” That was years ago, but I still have dizzy spells in humid weather. * * * ’Tis Holdout Time IT IS the gladsome season when last year’s stars swear they’ll never put on uniforms again un less they get better contracts; while the managers just as loudly declare the boys will accept what’s offered or stay out of the game for ! evermore. Through anxious weeks | each group proclaims that, from ■ the position thus taken, it will nev | er, never abate or jot or tittle. But when ttie first robin starts | north and the last training squad ! starts south, something always hap pens. One side decides to abate quite a few of the jots. And the other side says, “Oh shuckins, aft er all, what’s a tittle more or less between friends?” So this spring’s hold-outs become this fall’s pennant-winners, or oth erwise as the case may be, and frequently is. And behind the scenes, everything in either cham j pionship team will be just as peace ful as a cage full of panthers until | this time next year. * * * Which Is the Leisure Class? WHEN Mr. J. I’ierpont Morgan said any American family J that kept a maid belonged to the leisure class, lie touched a respon ! sive chord in the bosom of this ' household, only lie got the proposl | tion mixed as it applied to our lit ! tie home-nest. ’Twas a maid we had for a short spell who really qualified. Possi bly we didn’t give satisfaction. Any how, one evening she took um brage and some guest towels and a ham and one tiling and another and silently stole away. But look ing back, I can’t recall anybody else who could be so leisurely and so classy, both at once. We are wondering now what class we belong to on the present maid’s night out. IRVIN S. COBB. Copyright.—WNU Service. Tall Tales 83 As Told to: FRANK E. HAGAN and ELMO SCOTT WATSON The Goat That Sang Tenor WHEN William McClenahan, newspaper correspondent of Port Deposit, Md., first heard about it, he didn’t believe it. A farmer, so the neighborhood gossips said, had a goat that sang in a beautiful tenor voice. How did it happen? Well, it seems that some member of the farmer’s family had been careless and left a phonograph rec ord of “Mother o’ Aline” by John AlcCormack out in the yard. At least, that’s she way Mr. AlcClena han’s story, which appeared in the Baltimore Sun, accounted for it. The farmer and his singing goat became famous. People came to see It and paid for the privilege of hearing it sing. Then bad luck overtook the farmer. The goat stopped singing as suddenly as it had begun. So the farmer bought an expensive record by a famous grand opera star —“O Sole Alio,” it was—and fed that to the goat. The result was fatal. The goat began to sing but suddenly dropped dead. An autopsy revealed the fact that its throat was clogged up with what the veteriniarian called “some foreign substance.” They were Ital ian words and phrases. The goat was 100 per cent American, so of course, he choked to death on ’em. His Unlucky Day u'VT'ES, sir, I believe in that super * stition about Friday, the 13th, bein’ an unlucky day,” said the Old est Ranger in Yellowstone park. “I recollect one of ’em in particular. “I was out on patrol and discov ered I didn’t have a bite of food in my grub bag and only one shell left in my trusty ol’ gun. Well, I sneaked through the woods till I saw a brace of quail slttin’ on a bush so I maneuvered aroun’ so as to be sure of gettin’ both of ’em with one shot. “I let fly an,’ by golly, when I went to pick up them two birds I found that I'd killed six more that was sittin’ on the other side of the bush. Just then I heard a big com motion out in a little lake nearby. There was a big buck deer that had. been skeered by my shot and had run out and got hisself mired down. “I run out to help him but before I could get to him he drowned. As I was carryin’ him to shore, I sank down in the mud an’ water up over the tops of my boots. So I took ’em off to pour out the water and derned if there didn’t flop out of ’em a dozen of the finest trout you ever did see. “Well, I strung the quail an’ the deer an’ the trout on a pole so I could carry ’em easier. But my struggles to get the load up on my shoulders was jest too much of a strain on my suspender buttons. Derned if one didn’t fly off with such force that it killed a rabbit 100 yards away. “When that happened, I jest de cided it wasn’t no use to try to do any more huntin’. Seemed like it was my unlucky day, it being Fri day, the 13th.” “Man Overboard!” MEN who go down to the sea in ships frequently see or hear about some unusual occurrences. J. W. Putman of Anaheim, Calif., who once served in the United States navy, is no exception to that rule. One hot, sticky day as the battle ships and cruisers were steaming along off the coast of China a ty phoon suddenly swooped down upon them. Despite the howling wind and raking waters, the vessels man aged to keep their alignment. In the midst of the storm a lieu tenant decided that he wanted a cup of coffee. So a mess boy started across the deck with a cup of cof fee, a pitcher of cream and a bowl of sugar on a tray. Just as he was about to open the door to the offi cers’ quarters, a 61-foot wave swept across the deck. It picked up the mess boy, jug gled him for a second on its crest, then carried him 308 yards astern and deposited him at the door of the officers’ quarters of the next ship in line. Opening the door, he walked in and said, “Here is the coffee you ordered, lieutenant. One lump, or two, and shall I pour in the cream?” It had all happened so quickly that the mess boy didn’t realize he was on another ship until the officer roared out: “I’m a captain, not a lieutenant! I didn’t order any coffee, and what are you doing here?” © Western Newspaper Union. The Eyes of Fish The eyes of fish are like our own in structure and vision, but with adaptive modifications. Eyelids are absent, so that the eye remains al ways uncovered. The eyeball has little power of movement; the cor nea is flatter and the lens more globular than in the eyes of mam mals ; and it appears that fish are comparatively near-sighted. While in most species the eyes are very large as compared with those of the high er animals, a few have small orbits, or none at all that are visible, and live in darkness as parasites, or under stones, or in cave-streams, or in the abvsses of the ocean. I Still Drumming Up Church Attendance in Dutch Towns An attendance drummer has been ! newly appointed at Hoogeveen, llol i land, to call the people to church. ; The old custom of drumming up i church attendance persisls there as Jin some other Dutch towns. Every I Sunday morning and evening, the drummer marches through the main streets of Hoogeveen, drumming with all his might, to let the faithful know that it is time to get ready for di vine service. Dr. Pierce’s Pleasant Pellets are the orig inal'little liver pills put up 60 years ago. They regulate liver and bowels.—Adv. Lend an Ear Opportunity is always knocking If you’re listening. CLABBER GIRL WINS AGAIN! 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