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Xetcs Review of Current Events
BOMB AMERICAN LINER Chinese Wound 7on Dollar Ship ... Britain Protests Shooting of Envoy to China . . . Unions Gird for Ford U/. JOlrk/tlrA * Xl SUMMARIZES THE WORLD’S WEEK © Western Newspaper Union. International Crises ONE grave international crisis followed another in the new Sino-Japanese war. Britain was still awaiting reply to her protest over the wounding of His Majesty’s am bassador to China by a Japanese airman when four airplanes, identi fied as Chinese, swooped down upon the American liner. President Hoov er, flagship of the Dollar line, drop ping bombs which wounded seven persons aboard. The President Hoover, having de posited a load of refugees in Ma nila, was nearing Shanghai to pick up another load when the bombs struck, tearing 25 holes in the ship above the water line. The ship im mediately notified Admiral Harry E. Yarnell, commander of the Ameri can fleet, who took command of all American shipping in the emergen cy. He ordered the President Hoov er to continue to Japan, and radioed other vessels that they must not enter “hostile” waters off the Woo sung and Yangtze lightships. It was only a few days before the Presi dent Lincoln, another Dollar liner, had had to run a gauntlet of artil lery fire to get 160 American refu gees on their way to Manila. More spectacular, but only be cause of the importance of the per son it involved, was the shooting of Sir Hughe Montgomery Knatch bull-Hugessen, British ambassador to China. With several of his attaches, Sir Hughe sped along a Chinese road near Shanghai to attend a confer ence with British foreign service officials. His conveyance and one which accompanied it flew the union jack. But a Japanese airplane swooped down and began to pour machine-gun fire into the car. One of the bullets pierced the body of the ambassador, grazing his spine. He was rushed 50 miles to Country hospital where an operation was performed and blood transfusions were given. * Sir Hughe was the highest rank ing British official in China, where Great Britain has enormous inter ests at stake. He was attacked by a Japanese airplane which did not even have the right of a belligerent —since no war had been declared — ■while his car was flying the British colors. The last comparable inci dent in China was at the time of the Boxer rebellion in 1900, when the German ambassador Von Ket tler was shot and killed in Peiping. Britain's note to Tokyo was couched in stringent terms. It said, in part: “The plea, should it be advanced, that the flags carried on the cars were too small to be visible is ir relevant. There would have been no justification for the attack even had the cars carried no flags at all. "The foreign and even the diplo matic status of the occupants is also irrelevant. The real issue is that they were noncombatants . . . "Such events are inseparable from the practice as illegal as it is inhuman of failing to draw that clear distinction between combat ants and noncombatants in the con duct of hostilities which internation al law no less than the conscience of mankind has always enjoined. “His majesty’s government must therefore request: “FIRST—A formal apology to be conveyed by the Japanese govern ment to his majesty's government; “SECOND—Suitable punishment for those responsible for the attack; "THIRD—An assurance by the Japanese authorities that necessary measures will be taken to prevent recurrence of events of such a char acter.” Tokyo’s reply was temporarily withheld, pending a complete in vestigation. Trouble Ahead for Ford JOHN L. LEWIS’ magic touch es- fected a compromise between warring factions of the United Auto mobile Workers of America suffi cient to permit the election of offi cers, but that failed to cover up the fierce dissension in the C. I. 0. af filiate’s Milwaukee convention. Several times only a fortunately timed adjournment saved a day’s meeting from breaking up in a riot. The clashes were between the "pro gressive” faction of the union, head ed by President Homer Martin, and the “unity” faction, containing most of the “left” members, who op posed Martin’s program. In the end, the Lewis compromise forced Martin to retain several unity group officers he had apparently been anx ious to depose. New officers added were, however, chiefly adherents of Martin, and it was believed his fac tion still held control of the execu tive board. Os chief importance in the conven tion was the decision to go ahead with the campaign to organize the employees of the Ford Motor com pany. A special tax of $1 per mem ber, which would bring in a net of something like $400,000, was voted for the purpose. Lewis predicted, “Some day Henry Ford is going to be so very tired he will be willing 4 Wounded by Japanese airmen. Sir Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull-Hu gessen is center of strained interna tional relations. to accord to his employees the rights that are due them.” Both Lewis and Martin roundly flayed William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, in speeches. Lewis upbraided him for allegedly aiding the General Mo tors corporation while C. I. O. strike was in progress last winter. Martin ridiculed Green’s abhorrence of the sit-down strike. “I don’t see why a man who has been on a sit-down strike as long as Bill Green should find fault with the automobile work ers,” he said. The convention approved a raise in officials' salaries which steps up the total payroll of officers from $15,000 to $30,000. Martin's salary was increased from $3,000 to $5,000. Death Strikes Noncombatants THE undeclared war in China continued to mean death or in jury to hundreds of noncombatants as the Japanese continued to bomb densely populated native city areas. Three hundred civilians were killed and several hundred wounded as bombs fell on Shanghai’s Chapei dis trict. Two hundred houses were set in flames. A Chinese communique said that 20 Japanese bombers raided Nan king, the central government capi tal. bringing death to 100, including many women and children, and wounding 400 more. Bombs fell on the National School for Orphans, the National Central university and the Tzesheng hospital. Nearly 500 miles inland from Shanghai, at Nanchang, capital of Kiangsi province, it was reported Japanese bombers had killed or wounded 300 Chinese noncombat ants. In an effort to hit the South sta tion at Nantao, ancient walled-in Shanghai settlement neighboring the French concession, Japanese bombers killed 200 and wounded 400 civilians. Puppet King for Ethiopia? WHEN Mussolini captured Ethi opia (or did he?) it was fre quently said that he would never be able to control it, much less develop it, for the Ethiopian tribes are wild and terrible. Apparently he is now coming to the same conclusion and is about to turn for help to—of all people!—the former emperor, Haile Selassie. It is known that the Italian gov ernment has made certain overtures to Great Britain to determine how she feels about the “Conquering Lion of Judah” ascending his throne once more, but strictly as a puppet for whom II Duce would pull the strings. Britain is said to be willing because of the ever-present Italian threat along her Mediterranean life line. France, too, has been approached on the matter. Frenchmen own the important railroad from Addis Aba ba to Djibuti, but one of the prin cipal stockholders in the French cor poration is Haile Selassie, and the Italians refuse to recognize his hold ings. It is believed that if the French agree to the puppet mon archy the validity of the emperor’s shares will not be questioned. Then France will be able to buy them. The fly in the ointment is that Haile Selassie will have none of this. He will rest his fate entirely with the League of Nations, of which Ethiopia is still a member. Meanwhile the continual raids by native tribesmen, still faithful to their emperor, leave no Italian life safe in the African country, and are making II Duce’s “colonization” a joke. Louis Retains Championship TOMMY FARR, the Welsh fighter w'hom all the “smart guys” thought w’as a set-up for Joe Louis, world’s heavyweight champion, gave the “Brown Bomber” the sur prise of his life in New York, when he stayed 15 rounds. Louis got the eminently fair decision, but Tommy was still fighting like a tiger when the final bell rang. Japanese Turn Tide SUCCEEDING in landing thou sands of reinforcements from its transport ships, the Japanese ap peared ready to turn the tide of ground battle in the undeclared war in China, while their navy threw a blockade around 800 miles of the Chinese seacoast from Shanghai nearly to Canton, in South China. Only at terrific cost were the re inforcements getting ashore. Many entire landing parties were blown to bits as they attempted to take shore positions under a blaze of machine gun fire and in the face of artillery shells and land mine explosions. More than a quarter of a million men were reported engaged in the fighting along a front stretching from Shanghai northwestward to Tientsin, Peiping, Nankow and Changpei, deep in Chahar province and north to the Great Wall. At the northern end of the front ■ the pro-Japanese Mongol troops of Prince Teh battled combined Chi j nese regular and communist ! armies. Japanese reported the cap ture of Kalgan, capital of Chahar, shutting off Chinese communication with Mongolia, while the routed Chi nese forces broke through the stub : born Chinese defenses at Nankow I pass and penetrated the Great Wall, j They were reported to have suc | ceeded in escaping narrowly a stra tegic Chinese maneuver which ; would have trapped 30.000 Japanese troops south and west of Peiping. Chinese positions south of Peiping were dominated by the well equipped, well-trained, and mech anized Japanese army, which cap tured the commanding high land. Andrew W. Mellon Is Dead ANDREW W. MELLON, reputed ly one of the four richest men in the United States and secretary of the treasury in three cabinets, | died of uremia and bronchial pneu monia at the home of his son-in-law j at Southampton, N. Y. He was eighty-two years old. Shortly before his death he had fulfilled the ambition of his life by giving to the nation what he termed the “nucleus” of one of the finest art collections in the world. The col lection he gave was valued at $50,- 000,000. Excavation is now under way for a $15,000,000 building to house the collection in Washington. All but SIBO,OOO of the great Mel lon fortune was willed to the A. W. Mellon educational and charitable trust. The statement of the attor ney who announced the terms of the will said: “The deed creating this trust provides that its funds shall be applied exclusively to religious, charitable and educational uses and purposes. It already has distribut ed millions of dollars during its ex istence.” The SIBO,OOO went to sec retaries and employees. Mellon’s two children received no bequests. The will explained they had already been adequately provided for.— Planes Land Without Eyes AT OAKLAND, CALIF., civilian and army fliers proved that air transport planes can now be landed under conditions which prevent the pilot from gaining the slightest glimpse of the ground. Using only a radio beam for “eyes,” pilots made 100 perfect “blind” landings at the airport there with a Boeing 247-D plane, of the type now used on several of the nation’s commercial air lines. The cockpit windows were cov ered with metal screens to prevent their sneaking so much as a peek at the field. Many pilots flew the ship and, although some of them had never operated that type of plane before, not a single landing was made outside the 300-foot run way. So successful were the tests, the bureau of air commerce, army, navy and commercial airlines rep resentatives present agreed that the system would be adopted for the; country as a whole. The system, i which makes it possible to bring a ship safely to earth, even through | snow, rain, fog or dust, was called by authorities the most dramatic thing of its kind since the first flight of the Wright brothers. Santander Falls to Franco SPAIN’S thirteen-month-old civil war drew one step nearer to a i close as Gen. Francisco Franco’s, army captured the city of Santan der, last important government out post on, the northern coast. As the insurgent troops filed in to occupy the city, it was apparent that the re maining government army of 50,000 men was trapped in the hills south east of the city in an area 15 miles square. During the last of the twelve days! of Franco’s furious thrusts, the I city’s streets had run red with the blood of anarchists’ victims, as thirst, hunger and terrorism crazed the populace. By the thousands civilians were fleeing by sea—the only way—to France. Every avail able craft was put into service; hun dreds even attempted a getaway in rowboats, canoes, dories and other small craft, some of them using im provised sails made from sheets. Railroad Strike Threatens ONLY successful mediation by the United States government • appeared as a chance to prevent a nation-wide strike of 350,000 railroad workers as railroad representatives flatly refused the 20 per cent pay in crease demanded by the “big five" i railroad brotherhoods in Chicago . conference. The unions said their only recourse was to call out con ductors, engineers, firemen, switch men and trainmen. THE COOLIDGE EXAMINER ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★ ! STAR ! j DUST \ * • Radio J ★ ★ ★ ★★By VIRGINIA VALE*^ ONCE more Rudy Vallee has shown that he is the greatest talent scout in the radio business. Tommy Riggs, the two-voiced person ality who has been appearing on his program the last few weeks has made an outstand ing success and will soon i have a program of his own. The brash little girl that Mr. Riggs plays with such devastating humor promises to be as popular one of these days as is Charlie Mc- Carthy, the famous ventriloquist’s dummy. Incidentally, the people whom Vallee started on the road to radio success ought to get to gether and put on a gala program as a tribute to him. It would in clude such headliners as Walter O’- Keefe, Bob Bums, Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy, and Tom my Riggs. And what a program that would be! — * — Mona Barrie is the latest screen belle to seek a change from Holly- wood on the New York stage. While rehearsing for “Vir ginia,” a great mu sical spectacle that will open the Center Theater in Radio City, she told me about her last— and she thinks best —picture. It is Jim mie Cagney’s “Something to Sing About,” in which Mona plays her first James Cagney real comedy role. She plays a for eign actress with a heavy accent and has a glorious timq swooping through scenes in the grand man ner. She says that Jimmy is just tops to work with, which makes the verdict practically unanimous. The greatest picture of the year, perhaps of many years, has re ceived a chorus of critical acclaim such as has never been heard be fore. It is “The Life of Emile Zola” with Paul Muni. As crusader for the oppressed, as the most elo quent and forceful man of his time, Paul Muni gives an inspired per formance. Don’t let the praise of this picture drive you away from it with a faint suspicion that it may be educational, but dull. It offers the most exciting and thrilling evening you could spend in a theater. With radio’s summer lull over soon dozens of big programs will be angling for your attention. Irene Wicker, the greatly-beloved singing lady, moves to the Mutual network early in October offering a series of original sketches with music. Jack Benny returns to the air at the same time. Margaret Tallichet, who aban doned a newspaper job in Texas to break into the movies, has found that even after a career is well started, it still has as many downs as ups. You may recall that she appealed to Carole Lombard for help and through her got a small contract with Selznick-Internation al. Well, Miss Tallichet played small roles in “A Star Is Born” and then the studio decided to gamble on her to the extent of sending her east to dramatic school for further training. She appeared at the Mt. Kisco theater opposite no less a per sonage than Henry Fonda and proved conclusively that she needs a lot more training before she can play big roles. —•*— Up in Dennis, Massachusetts, Gertrude Michael appeared on the stage in a play of Gertrude Michael early Colonial days | and made a big hit. i A regular parade of automobiles made the long trip from | New York to see her, and when she came out on the stage the rafters rung with applause from her Broadway friends. They were | saluting her courage lin winning a two j year battle with se- j rious illness as well as her fine skill ! as an actress. —■¥— ODDS AND ENDS—After trying to borrow Kenny Baker, or John Payne, or Jimmy Stewart, or Cary Grant, or Dick Arlen, the producer of Lily Pons,’ next picture has finally given up the search for a new leading man and given the role to Gene Raymond who played in her last picture . . . Jack Benny’s friends are saving all the re views of “Artists and Models" which rave about his performance to show him when he returns from Europe. All through the making of the picture he quarreled with the director and ob jected to his lines and felt utterly dis mal over what he expected would be the flop of the year . . . Joan Craw ford likes to run her pictures at home for her young niece to see. The child howls every time she sees Auntie Joan on the screen . . . John Barry more is working up a hilarious imita tion of Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy to amuse his friends be tween scenes at the studio. © Western Newspaper Union. kj.ljoll about Cures for Communism. SANTA MONICA, CALIF.— A certain rich man out i here rich but indulgent got a letter from his heir, a sophomore at one of the big eastern colleges. The lad announced he had been converted to communism and was contributing to the Irvin S. Cobb cause. So what about it? The old man wrote back: “Son, you have a perfect right to fol low the dictates of your conscience. But as a consistent communist you nat urally would not continue to live on the ill-gotten gains of a wicked money- grabber. Today I am cutting off your somewhat generous allowance. You will also vacate the luxurious apartment you now occupy because I’m not paying the rent of same any longer. So go ahead, my boy, and commune freely—with my bless ings! But from date that’ll be about all from this end of the line.” Exactly four hours after the ar rival by air mail of this ultimatum, the hard-hearted parent got back a rush telegram stating that the young man had been thinking things over and had decided not to take up the new doctrine. • • • The Art of Listening. WE HAD a party at which there appeared what I may call the dumb poets—Sam Hoffenstein and Ogden Nash. At the studios where they’re both turning out epics, there’s a rule that neither shall burst forth into poetry while he’s under contract —no thumbing of the harp, no sounding of the lute. Cine ma’s gain is creation’s loss. Maybe that explains why they made such good listeners the other night. And isn’t a good listener a boon! I don’t mind being interrupt ed, provided the interrupter chooses the right subject. Mute and rapt, I can harken for hours on hours if someone is talking about me, say, or even reading from my published works. But these two minnesingers only broke in to ask that the pickled shrimp be passed or gently to sug gest that another little drink or two wouldn’t do any harm. Ogden Nash has attained the high est peak of distinction attainable for a writer. His chief imitator has an imitator who is bringing up hi» old est boy to be an imitator. * * %* Resurrecting Old Words. WHEN a word gets fashionable —especially a new word which some wordsmith thought up right out of his head—it gets too dog gone fashionable. The same applies to old words which have been dis interred from their forgotten tombs in the dictionary. I seem to see grave robbers prowling through the unabridged, starting in at “aard-vark,” which is an animal formerly common only to Africa but now frequently found in cross-word puzzles; and working on through to “zythum,” a very strong beer drunk by ancient tribes. I guess those old-timers imbibed co piously of the brew and then named it. It doesn’t sound like the sort of word a dead sober party deliberate ly would make up. Do you remember the run “in trigued” had? I never got so sick of a word in my life. And then along came “provocative,” and it turned out to be a pest. People went around just looking for a chance to work “provocative” into the conver sation. The only way to lick ’em was to pretend to be deaf and dumb. And now the reigning favorite is “allergic.” Folks spout it every where, whether they know what it means or not. I don’t mind saying I’m getting awfully allergic to “al lergic.” There must be many others like me. * * • Campaign Books. LET us not cavil too much be cause high pressure salesmen, working on commission, have been unloading upon the faithful, at fancy prices, the gift book put out by Washington headquarters to pay off campaign debts. In fact, 15 cents’ worth would cover practical ly all the cavil I personally have used up in this connection. The result tends to prove the grat ifying fact that, while more Demo crats may not necessarily have learned how to read and write, ob viously more of us have got money than formerly was the case when the Republicans were in power. Besides, think of what the strain would have been upon the poor post man if the national committee had been stuck with all this bulk litera ture and congressmen had started franking copies out to their constitu ents with Uncle Sam paying the freight. To give you a further idea about this franking privilege, I may state that it was named for Frank, Jesse’s brother—and you’ll remem ber how careless those James boys were with the United States mails! IRVIN S. COBB. Q —WNU Service. 'Way Back When By JEANNE GARBO LATHERED FACES IN A BARBER SHOP IF YOU had walked into a certain Stockholm barber shop ’way back in 1920, you would have seen wistful little Greta Garbo working up a lather and preparing hot towels for stubbly faces as she assisted the local barber. Later, in Bergstrom’s department store, you might have taken a second look at the pretty little clerk who sold you a hat. But if someone had told you she would one day be world famous in pictures for her portrayals of romance, pas sion and ecstasy, it would have seemed too fantastic to believe. Greta Garbo was born in 1905 in the mill district of Stockholm. Her father was a poor machinist, and her mother an uneducated farm woman. The mysterious airs and aloofness of the great Garbo of to day are natural, for they were traits of the sensitive little daughter of this poor family. Her father died pill r» pa 3VT when she was fourteen and she went to work in the department store to help support her penniless mother, her small brother and sister. The manager of the millinery depart ment chose her to model hats and, through publication of photographs made then, she was given a chance in motion pictures. Her rise to fame was rapid, and the little lather girl of Stockholm became the greatest example of movie publicity. One of her very first pictures was awarded the Nobel prize, and she received the medal of the New York Film Critics for her performance in “Anna Karenina.” Men fought duels over her, and famous direc tors, writers and actors have sought her favor. So, think twice before you laugh at that neighbor’s child with the theatrical ambitions. The great Garbo was once a lather girl! • • • MOTOR BOAT KING WAS A CATTLE HERDER Sometimes i think we place too much emphasis on the stigma of failure. A man mqy fail at one thing after another that he at tempts, but ne is never a failure himself until he quits. Many a for tune has been built upon past mis takes. Gar Wood’s father had a viewpoint something like that, and he instilled into his children the be lief that even though they failed in an endeavor, they had fun in try ing it Gar Wood was born in Mapleton, lowa, in 1872, one of 13 children. All of the children had to earn mon ey early to help make expenses, and Gar had little formal school ing. When only a boy. Gar worked as a cattle herder for one dollar a day. He loved boats and enjoyed constructing mechanically run mod els from clock parts. At the age of thirteen, his unusual knowledge of boats run by motors got him a job in Duluth on one of the first gasoline craft to dock there. As automobiles became popular, Gar Wood was hired to sell them. He obtained one odd job after an other. He was a teacher of elec tricity and gasoline motors in a night class. He ran a garage for awhile in St. Paul. One thing after another he tried, and failed to ad vance. A less philosophical man, a less courageous man might have become stagnant. But not Gar Wood. His mind was ever alert to new opportunities in mechanics. Then he perfected a hydraulic hoist for trucks, risked the family’s sav ings in constructing a model, and became wealthy almost overnight. Suppose this man had been as utterly stricken with shame as some of us think we might be, when he failed in his first Attempts to make a suefcessful living. He prob ably never would have had the cour age to risk all the money he had saved for the model of an invention others told him was impracticaL Service. Making Chair Set Is Really Pleasure Something different in crochet — ft chair or davenport set crocheted in strips! One strip makes an arm rest, three a chair back, five a davenport back. Once you’ve made one. just keep repeating— join them together and you’re 3^^nmyi > !Lv ’,!*>:« 'i* - 1 '4 vfWQ; raj Pattern 1470 ready to work a transformation on your furniture! String works up quickly, and is durable. Pattern 1470 contains directions for mak ing a strip 514 by 12Vz inches; il lustrations of it and of all stitches used; photograph of section of strip; material requirements; sug gestions for a variety of uses. Send 15 cents in stamps or coins (coins preferred) for this pattern to The Sewing Circle Needlecraft Dept., 82 Eighth Ave., New York, N. Y. Please write your name, address and pattern number plainly. Taifotite JQctcipe of the U/eek^^ D REPARE a huge crock of apple * sauce and your efforts will be well rewarded for this delicious concoction never fails to appeal to jaded appetites. Apple sauce is also the basis for any number of easily prepared desserts that have definite palate appeal during the summer months. Apple Sauce. 1 dozen apples l‘i cups apple cider Granulated sugar to taste 1 teaspoonful lemon juice 1 tablespoonful butter Pinch salt Wash, core and cut up apples. Put them in a saucepan with the cider and cook until tender enough to rub through a sieve. Mixture should be thick. Stir in the re > maining ingredients. Pour into a bowl. Garnish with a light driz zling of cinnamon. Serve hot or , cold as desired. Conceited Beau Brummell ! Beau Brummell (1778-1840), the master dandy of all time, was so idolized by the aristocracy of Lon don as an arbiter of dress and manners that, eventually, he be came unbearably conceited. One ’ night he even ordered a duchess out of his house, during a recep tion, because her “dress was cut too low in the back.” The gentle ! man’s taste was so offended that i he had to cover his eyes while I she humbly backed out of the ballroom.—Collier’s Weekly. YOU CAN THROW CARDS IN HIS FACE ONCE TOO OFTEN WHEN you have those awful cramps; when your nerves are all on edge—don’t take it out on the man you love. Your husband can’t possibly know how you feel for the simple reason that he is a man. A three-quarter wife may be no wife at all if she nags her hus band seven days out of every month. For three generations one woman has told another how to go “smil ing through” with Lydia E. Pink ham’s Vegetable Compound. It helps Nature tone up the system, thus lessening the discomforts from the functional disorders which women must endure in the three ordeals of life: 1. Turning from girlhood to womanhood. 2. Pre paring for motherhood. 3. Ap proaching "middle age.” Don’t be a three-quarter wife, take LYDIA E. PINKHAM’S VEGETABLE COMPOUND and Go “Smiling Through.” WNU—M 36—37 Public Enemy No. 1 TO needlessly let constipation keep • you miserable is worse than neg lect It is abuse of precious good health. Don’t permit itl You may have grateful benefit from the use of Doan’s Regulets—a preparation old in name but strictly modem in combination of ingredients' that aid liver and bowels to keep the body free of waste. Gentle in action and wonderfully effective and helpful, Doan's Regulets should earn your approval. Be regular with Regulets. Sold at all drug stores.