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PLANS A BUILDING BOOM President Offers Program to Congress ... Revision of Taxes Not Likely Before January Session . .. -■ - Japan is pushing her conquest of China not only in the Yangtse valley but also, and especially, in the northern provinces. Here is seen a Jap anese tank unit rumbling along the road to Taiyuan. U/. flldca/ui * SUMMARIZES THE WORLD’S WEEK £ Wettcrn Newspaper Union. * Building Boom Wanted O EVISION of the existing housing law in order to facilitate a building boom was asked by Presi dent Roosevelt in a special message to congress. He said such legisla tion would ease the flow of credit and open great reservoirs of idle capital to fight the business slump. The responsibility for the success of such a program he placed squarely on labor and industry. Specifically, the President recom mended changes in the housing act which would: 1. Reduce from 5*14 per cent to 5 per cent the interest and service charges permitted by the Federal Housing administration on loans made by private institutions. 2. Authorize the housing admin istrator to fix the mortgage insur ance premium charge as low as of 1 per cent on the diminishing balance of the insured mortgage in stead of on the original face amount, and to V* of 1 per cent on the diminishing balance of an in sured mortgage where the estimat ed value of the property does not exceed $6,000 and where the mort gage is insured prior to July 1, 1939. 3. Increase the insurable limit from 80 to 90 per cent in cases where the appraised value of the property does not exceed $6,000. 4. Facilitate the construction and financing of groups of houses for rent, or for rent with options to pur chase, through blanket mortgages. 5. Clarify and simplify provisions for the construction of large scale rental properties through facilitat ing their financing. 6. Grant national mortgage asso ciations “explicit authority to make loans on !arge-scale properties that are subject to special regulation by the federal housing administrator.” 7. Remove the July 1, 1939, limita tion on the $2,000,000,000 permitted to be outstanding in mortgages, with congress eventually limiting the in surance of mortgages prior to the beginning of construction of individ ual projects. 8. Permit insurance for repair and modernization loans as provided previous to April 1 of this year when this provision of the housing act expired. President Goes Fishing fj AVING put the tax and housing ■*’ A problems up to congress. Pres ident Roosevelt left for Miami, Fla., where he embarked on a fishing cruise. Accompanying him was As sistant Attorney General R. H. Jackson, and the two discussed plans for legislation that would let the government proceed against the "bad” trusts without injuring those that are considered “good.” Other members of the angling party were Secretary Ickes and WPA Administrator Hopkins. — * — No Time for lax Revision K'T'HERE is no use kidding the country,” said Senator Bark ley, majority leader of the senate, as he gave out the sad news that it would be impossi ble to formulate and pass a tax revision bill in the brief time remaining to the ex traordinary session of congress. The senator had just been conferring with the President, and his statement dashed the hopes of those who believe ailing business is in dire Sen. Barkley need of such assistance as revision or repeal of the tax on undivided corporate surpluses and capital gains. Mr. Roosevelt had said he was in favor of tax revision as soon as congress was ready for it But such legislation must originate in the house, and the subcommittee of ! the ways and means committee that has been studying the subject had not yet reported. So it appeared almost certain that action must be postponed until the regular session which starts in January. This was highly displeasing to a large number of congressmen, and Representative Celler of New York j called together some 60 of them to consider the possibility of emergen cy action. “Business can’t wait,” said Celler. Farm Bill Reported Vs ARVIN JONES of Texas, chair man of the house agricultural committee, submitted the house’s farm bill, together with a majority report defending the measure and calling for speedy enactment so that the rise of mounting crop surpluses which are depressing market prices may be offset. The house bill is less drastic than the senate version, but it was de nounced vigorously in a minority report which declared it was “un constitutional, unsound, un-Ameri can,” likely to “work to the detri- I ment of American agriculture,” and | threatening to “dislocate” foreign and domestic markets. Both house and senate bills, it was predicted, would be modified be cause of the President’s implied threat to veto the legislation un less it was put on a “pay-as-you go” basis. He insisted the farm j bill must not interfere with his plan.* j to balance the budget. After French Throne \ LARM of the French govern ment over the plotting of the Cagoulards or “hooded ones” that led to the arrest of many rightists and the raiding of hidden stores of weapons and ammu nition was far from baseless. Evidently there w r as a real conspiracy to over throw the republic and set up a dicta torship and eventu ally a restored mon archy. The govern ment announced, however, that the Due de Guise plot had been wrecked. From his place of exile in Bel gium the Due de Guise, pretender to the throne of France, issued a manifesto announcing he had de cided to try to regain the throne. “Have the moral courage not to abdicate before present difficulties,” the manifesto appealed to French men. “Do not permit in a moment of abandon, dictatorship of any kind to impose itself. “Certain of my ability to assure your happiness, I have decided to reconquer the throne of my fathers. France then again will reassume her mission in the world and again will find peace, unity and prosperity through a union of the people with a titular defender-king.” Vinson to Be Judge PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT sent to the senate the nomination of Rep resentative Fred M. Vinson of Ken tucky to fill a vacancy in the United States court of appeals for the Dis , trict of Columbia. The post carries a salary of SIO,OOO a year, the same as paid a representative, but the ap pointment is for life and carries re tirement privileges. Mr. Vinson, who has been an outstanding tax . expert of the house, is forty-seven years old and serving his seventh term. His home is Ashland, Ky. , The President also nominated As | sociate Justice D. Lawrence Groner ! of Virginia to be chief justice of the > court, creating another vacancy, i Croner will be succeeded by Henry t White Edgerton of New York, i whose nomination also went to the ! senate. Walters of Idaho Dies 'TPHEODORE WALTERS, assistant secretary of the interior, died of pneumonia at the Naval hospital in Washington following an emergency gall bladder operation. He was six ty-one years old. Walters was selected by President Roosevelt in 1933. A former resi dent of Caldwell, Idaho, he had been prominent in Idaho Democratic poli tics for many years. Small Town Spending /V UTOMOBILES, more food and better clothing are the most urgent desires of small-town fami lies. That was the implication pre sented in a matter-of-fact analysis of surveys of the spending habits of : families in 46 villages in Pennsyl ! vania, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and lowa. The study, made by the bureau of home economics, showed that when income increased among these cross-section village families, it was usually followed by a rapid rise in expenditures for food and clothes and even more marked jumps in the proportion of income spent on automobiles. In income ranges from $250 to $2,499, food expense for wage-earn ers’ families jumped from an aver age of SIBO to an average of $539; clothes from an average of $25 to an average of $186; expense for the family car from an average of sl4 to an average of $315. Green Opposes Labor Bill TI/ILLIAM GREEN, president of ’ * the A. F. of L., practically broke with the administration by denouncing the pending wage and hour bill as unacceptable to labor and demanding that it be sent back to committee for revision. Green assailed the national labor relations board and declared it no longer is safe to permit a govern ment board of that kind t» admin ister laws governing labor relations with employers. Proposals of Labor XJEARLY everyone has a plan for stopping the current business recession. Now comes the Ameri can Federation of Labor with pro posals to check it by strengthening mass purchasing power. The fed eration’s six - point program sug gests: 1. Maintenance of wages and em ployment at the highest possible level with firm determination to avoid wage cuts. 2. Raising of wages in any in dustry where sustained demand and profitable operations make it pos sible. 3. Stimulation of production and employment in heavy industries by encouraging plans for plant expan sion and equipment purchases; en couragement of building in all classifications. The federation rec ommended “special measures . . . to make credit available to busi ness.” 4. Improvement of labor’s buying power by prompt payment of un employment compensation when it begins in 22 states next January. 5. Action on "measures to pro mote business confidence.” 6. Improvement of employer-em ployee relations through manage ment recognition of unions, and un ion co-operation “to cut costs by improving efficiency.” Chino-Japanese War JAPAN’S armies were slowed up by rain and mud in their ad vance up the Yangtse valley, but as there seemed no likelihood that the Chinese line of defense would hold, the Nationalist government moved out of Nanking, scattering its departments among a number of cities. American Ambassador John son and his staff moved to Hankow. The Japanese commanders in Shanghai took over full control of most of the city and its customs of fice. They demanded that the in ternational settlement and French concession officials hand over the city’s four leading citizens as hos tages. Most prominent of these was T. V. Soong, brother-in-law of Dic tator Chiang Kai-Shek. The Far East conference in Brus sels, unable to accomplish anything to end the Chino-Japanese conflict, adjourned. Peace Talk with Utilities RESTRICTION of the constrix tion and expansion activities o* the privately owned public utilities being recognized as an important factor in the current business re cession, President Roosevelt began a series of conferences with the heads of these concerns. He seemed to be in a conciliatory frame of mind and sought to lessen the utili ties’ fear of the effect of govern ment policies, but without making any concessions. His first caller was Wendell Wilkie, president of the Commonwealth & Southern corpora tion, and next day he talked with Floyd Carlisle of the Niagara Hud son Power corporation. Though he appeared amiable, the President at the same time was sending to various congressional committees and federal agencies a report by the New York state power authority, whacking friends and agents of the private utilities for “propaganda” against public power development. It presented figures to show the government could pro duce water power at a much lower cost than private utilities could pro duce power by steam plants. THF COOHDCtF FXAMTNFQ Overweight Children By DR. JAMES W. BARTON © Bell Syndicate.—WNU Service. THERE was a time when the fatter the baby the healthier he was supposed to be, and prize winning babies were always the very plump kind. However when physicians and nurses were appointed as judges, very fat babies were no longer prize winners. A very fat baby often means a very fat child, and a very fat child means that there will not be much play, or exercise, and the eating of all kinds of food at all hours of the day. In addition to this overweight the youngster may have a protruding abdo men which makes him or her appear even heavier, much to its own and its parents’ embarrass- I)r. Barton ment. It is true that in a number of these cases there may be some gland de fect—thyroid in the neck, pituitary lying on the floor of the skull—and it is only fair to these youngsters that this point be considered in the treatment to reduce weight. Dr. P. Mallam, in Clinical Jour nal, London, states that he is “convinced that dieting is the key note to treatment in almost all cases of obesity (overweight) in children, but before prescribing a system of diet a careful family history and knowledge of conditions under which the child is being reared must be obtained. Obesity beginning in childhood often gives rise to en docrine (ductless gland) trouble later on, and when a strong ten dency to obesity is found in the fam ily, one would always be prepared to face a more difficult task than when there is not this family ten ; dency. But even where there is the family tendency to overweight | a cure, permanent and complete, can be obtained in the majority of cases by simple measures.” Fluids Make Weight. Dr. Mallam doesn't hesitate to point out that fluids—water, tea, milk—are really weight produc ing foods, and must be watched as “the question of fluid intake is of con siderable importance. If these chil dren are instructed to drink early in the morning and then try not to drink at all during the day, this is often a great help in reducing weight.” Appetite is largely a question of satisfying the feeling of hunger, and these children must be schooled to eat slowly. Salt and sugar should be cut down to the lowest possible amount. Many children appear even fatter than they are because of protruding abdomen, sway back, round shoul ders, or other defects in posture, therefore exercises to develop the abdominal muscles—trying to touch the toes with knees kept straight— and exercises to take the bend or “sway” out of the small of the back—hanging on rings or a hori zontal bar—should be given under competent instruction and in a class if possible. For a while, at least, the use of an abdominal support or belt is ad vised by Dr. Mallam, as there is no doubt that if the youngster is thus supported he will play longer and so grow stronger. If a child loses weight consistent ly under treatment (as this is his growing age) the treatment is be ing overdone. If one treats an over weight child of ten years and at twelve the child weighs the same, one should realize that a great deal has been achieved. • • • Insulin Shock. One of the recent “cures” that is being discussed favorably and un favorably by the medical profes sion is the "insulin cure for de mentia praecox”—the persistent dream state; the condition in which the patient has worked out a system of living that satisfies him but which renders him unfit to earn a living or take his place in family or business life. The treatment consists in giving the patient a “shock” by injecting insulin, after which many patients have apparently become normal in • mind. The results in some of the cases reported have been “amaz ing.” ’ How’ever, as this ailment causes much unhappiness in families be ! cause it often affects “the brightest and the best” it would be greatly re gretted if the report of this treat ment brought false hopes to many. For this reason, a warning to pa ! tients, families, and physicians is given in a recent editorial of the Journal of the American Medical Association: “It is hoped and may prove to be a fact, that the so-called insulin shock treatment for dementia prae otx will find a useful place among the forms of treatment, but its exact value has not yet been determined and it can be definitely stated that it is not by any means a cure for ail cases of dementia praecox.” ★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★ ! STAR l •j! DUST | J Iviovie • * ★ ★ ★ ★★By VIRGINIA VALE^*^ Deanna durbin will do a play on Broadway early in the spring if all the experts concerned with her upbring ing agree that it won’t be too much of a strain on her. Any decision affecting her wel fare has to be pondered over by j her mother, her manager, her vocal jt teacher, and the physician at Univer- Sp ! sal studios and they fISSBSfc are all a little re luctant about adding i, # ? any further public I y My appearances to her «g| already very public life. Until recently, Deanna could go light-heartedly about her work at motion- Deanna picture and radio Durbin studios, but lately such crowds have followed her wherever she went that | it is a source of worry to everyone. —+— All the tumult and hysterical shouting over Fred Allen’s return to his radio program does not mean that Walter O’Keefe Is being neglect ed or forgotten. O’Keefe so en deared himself to radio listeners while be was substituting for Fred AUen that be could have walked right into another big program, but he demanded a vacation first. —4*— When a young newcomer to the screen steals most of the glory away from two enormously-popular stars, you can expect to see her in bigger and better parts right away. So, when you see Loretta Young and Tyrone Power in ‘‘Second Honey moon,” be all ready to clap hands for Marjorie Weaver who is the out standing hit of this gay and giddy comedy. W’hen the picture was pre viewed, Marjorie was all set to go back home to Louisville, Kentucky,- j to make personal appearances with the picture, but so great was the audience response to her perform ance, the trip was called off. Warner Brothers’ directors have decided that they just cannot stand the strain of wondering whether their handsome heroes will be able to come to work on Monday morn ing, so they have sent out some pretty stringent orders about what is not to be done over week-ends, or any other time. Fernand Gravet has had to give up steeplechase rid ing. George Brent and Errol Flynn cannot pilot their planes. Out of the hundreds of young ac tresses who daily apply for work | at New York radio producers’ of fices, the majority specialize in one type of characterization only. In trying to explain how slim their chance is of getting anywhere, many radio producers point to Helen Claire of the cast of ‘‘Aunt Jenny’s Real Life Stories,” on CBS. A typ ical week’s work for Miss Claire called for her to play the Serpent in “Methuselah,” the character of Adelina Patti at the ages of sixteen and forty-one, a hillbilly girl, and i Alice in “Alice in Wonderland.” —-k Russel Gleason thought the Twen tieth Century-Fox studio was kid ding him when they told him he had been cast in “Love on a Budget.” He had just announced his engagement and was taking a keen interest in all bankroU-stretching theories. But very seriously, lie had been cast for a role in this latest of the Jones i family series. —-k By far the gayest and most de lightful of the new pictures is “It’s Love I'm After,” featuring Leslie Howard, Bette Da vis, and Olivia de Havilland. It does not sound new, be cause it is that old, old story of the matinee idol, the spitfire leading wom an who is in love with him, and the moonstruck young woman who blindly adores him. What is Leslie Howard new is the refreshing, witty treat ment the story has been given. Nev er before have the three featured players been so deft. — -* ODDS AND ENDS— Gertrude Berg was fairly snowed under with flowers recently when she rounded out eight years as author, producer and star of “The GoldbergsPlayers love to work with her, she is so patient, so helpful, so like the compassionate Molly she plays . . . Dolores Costello makes her comeback to the screen in “Girls on Probation ” anti according to fellow workers it is a brilliant comeback , . . James Stewart gets the grand role op posite Joan Crawford in “Shopworn Angel.” Gary Cooper played it in tht version made years ago . . . George Raft is determined to be a director some day, so he has agreed to work as an apprentice in various technical departments of the studio in order to learn the business thoroughly. He can only do it when he is not acting, of course, so he is asking Paramount tc give him nice, long vacations between pictures . . . John Barrymore is going to make another Bulldog Drummond picture. ® Western Newspaper Union. Historic Hoaxes 88 By ELMO SCOTT WATSON © Western Newspaper Union. A Bogus Declaration ONE day in 1930 newspaper head lines in Toronto, Canada, car ! ried this startling declaration: “Draft of Declaration of Independ ence Signed by Penn, Instead of Jefferson, Is Fabulous Art Treasure Now Here.” The story under those headlines stated that Mrs. Ellen : Field of Stoke Poges, Eng i land, last of the lineal descendants I of William Penn, had on her death- I bed ordered certain fabulous heir ; looms returned to America. Among the “treasures” was a fad ! ed and blotted parchment, said to i be the original draft of America’s | most famous document and pre j sumably written by John Penn, first | governor of Pennsylvania. One word I in that headline was quite correct l —“fabulous.” It was pronounced that by experts ; who pointed out that John Penn could not have been the author of the Declaration for the very good reason that he as a Tory and had served a term in jail for his pro- British sympathies. Moreover, the minutes of the Continental congress show that Franklin, Adams and Jef ferson were members of the com mittee appointed to draw up the Declaration and it is a matter of historical record that Jefferson ac tually wrote it. The original manuscript has dis appeared (the document preserved in Washington is an engrossed copy). It was probably destroyed because it was a dangerous docu ment to have around when the out come of the Revolution was still in doubt. Further examination of the Toronto parchment showed that the text of it may have been a contem porary copy of the original draft. But the signatures were clearly forgeries. So the forger who hoped, perhaps, to sell his “treasure” for a large sum to the United States government was foiled. • • • The First Bathtub LATE in 1917 Henry L. Mencken, "simply to have some fun in war days,” as he later declared, wrote a story for the New York Evening Mail. It stated that the first American bathtub was installed on December 20, 1842, by Adam Thompson in his home in Cincinnati where he proudly displayed it to his friends at a party for men and all the guests took baths. When the news of this got about, physicians denounced the bathtub as a menace to public health. In Boston a city ordinance prohibited its use except upon medical advice. Virginia lev ied a S3O tax on each bathtub in stallation and the Philadelphia city council tried to pass an ordinance prohibiting its use betweeen Novem ber and May. All of this was written in a spirit of “good clean fun.” Then, to his surprise, Mencken discovered that his “spoofing” had been taken se riously. Other writers began using the “facts” in his story. Medical men cited them as proof of the progress of public hygiene. They even appeared in standard refer ence works. Finally in 1926 Mencken wrote an article which was syndicated to 30 newspapers in all parts of the coun try, confessing the hoax. It ap peared in his sixth series of “Preju dices” under the head of “The American Public Will Swallow Any thing.” But despite all his efforts to prove the story a fake, it still bobs up regularly and his “facts” about the first bathtub are solemnly reprinted as an authentic item of American social history! • • • “Barberous Jokes” SOON after the bobbed hair fad had spread to Germany, a num ber of prominent citizens of Leipsic were surprised one day to receive a notice which said that the women of their household must pay their “bobbed hair tax” at once. There was a rush to the city hall where clerks, puzzled at first by the de- ; scent upon them, finally convinced 1 a group of anxious women that they ■ had been the victims of a practical joker. Just as puzzled, a few years later, | was the secretary of the barbers’ j union in Chicago when he read in the papers that his union had in structed him to write a letter to Rudolph Valentino, asking him to shave off a beard which he had grown for his role in a movie. The union had passed a resolution pro testing against Valentino’s wearing the beard since it would influence many young men who patterned themselves after him, to wear such facial ornaments. If they did that, it would ruin the barber business and they wanted the screen idol to “cease and desist.” After the first story had been printed, the secretary denied that he had received any such instruc tions. He knew nothing about the resolutions nor did he know how the story originated. Neither did any one else. But some people shrewd ly suspected that it might have been started by Harry Reichenbach, the famous press agent, who was doing publicity for Valentino at the time and who just happened to be in Chicago when the story first ap- "Cleopatra's Fan" Quilt Is the Choice Cleopatra herself once used palm-leaf fans as graceful as these that adorn this striking quilt. You need but three mate rials to bring out the contrast of this rich design—one that will beautify any room. Know the Pattern 1579. grand thrill of piecing these sim ple 9% inch blocks for quilt 01 pillow. Pattern 1579 contains com plete, simple instructions for cut ; ting, sewing and finishing, togeth er with yardage chart, diagram of quilt to help arrange the blocks for single and double bed size, and a diagram of block which serves as a guide for placing the patches and suggests contrast ing materials. Send 15 cents in stamps or coins (coins preferred) for this pattern to The Sewing Circle, Needlecraft Dept., 82 Eighth Ave., New York, N. Y. 7izirot£te JQecipe ofj the Pumpkin Custard a Real Treat. HpREAT the family to a pump- A kin custard as a change from the usual pie. Canned pumpkin is suggested because it is already cooked, mashed and ready to use. which saves considerable time and energy. Bake the custard in a basin, not too large or too deep. A good size would be one which holds a quart. When it comes time to serve the custard, unmold it onto a chop platter and around the custard ar range prunes which have been pitted and stuffed lightly with shredded American cheese. Mounds of whipped cream placet! between the prunes would be s good idea. A little prune juice poured over the top of the custard and cream will add flavor and c pleasing appearance. The canned prunes are convenient to use. If you have no favorite recipe try the following: Pumpkin Custard. 2 cups canned Va teaspoon ginger pumpkin \\ teaspoon nutmeg *,« cup sugar, part 1 teaspoon salt brown 3 eggs 1 teaspoon cinnamon 2\\ cups milk teaspoon cloves Beat pumpkin thoroughly with dry ingredients. Beat eggs slight ly, add to milk and combine with pumpkin mixture. Pour into bak ing pan, set in a pan of water Wz inch deep on pan), and bake for about 45 minutes in a moderate oven (375 degrees). Chill before serving, unmold onto chop platter, and garnish. MARJORIE H. BLACK. Don’t Neglect Minor Throat Irritation Don’t take chances. Rub on sooth ing, warming Musterole. Relief gen i erally follows. Musterole gets such marvelous re sults because it’s NOT just a salve. It’s a "counter-irritant "—easing, warming, stimulating and penetrat ing-helpful in drawing out local congestion and pain. Used by millions for 30 years. Recommended by many doctors and nurses. Ali druggists’. In three strengths: Regular Strength, Chil dren’s (mild), and Extra Strong. Approved by Good Housekeeping. ! ______________________ _ ———- Man the Captain Each man makes his own ship wreck.—Lucanus. JK checks CCC COLDS ODD fever LIQUID. TABLETS . salve, nose drops Headache, 30 minutes Try “Rnb-My-Ttsm”-World’s Best Liniment Public Enemy No. 1 TO needlessly let constipation keep you miserable is worse than neg lect It is abuse of precious good health. Don’t permit it) You may have grateful benefit from the use of Doan's Regulets—a preparation old in name but strictly modern in combination of ingredients that aid liver and bowels to keep the body free of waste. Gentle in action and wonderfully effective and helpful, Doan's Regulets should earn your approval. Be regular with Regulets. Sold at all drug stores.