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Freight Barges on the Nile.
Nature and Man Have Contributed To the Marvels of the Dark Continent Prepared by National Geographic Society. Washington. D. C. —WNU Service. IN AFRICA are natural wonders which almost challenge belief. The Sa hara, a vast waste of rock, gravel, and sand, is so big it would hold the entire conti nental United States. The reason it is a desert at all is, simply stated, that the wind blows in the wrong direction —down from the dry heart of central Asia instead of from the moisture-giving ocean. The temperature changes so •’ sharply at nightfall that trav elers who have suffered in the blazing heat find them selves shivering under blan kets. This immense area of desolation served as a highly effective shield which long protected central Africa from overland exploration from the north. The Zambezi river’s Victoria falls —whose native name means "Smoke That Thunders” —are al most two and a half times as high as Niagara. Lake Tanganyika is the world’s longest fresh-water lake, and near by Lake Victoria is larger in area than any of the five Great Lakes of North America except Superior. The Nile is a river so long that it would reach from New York to far beyond the North Pole. The Em peror Nero sent an expedition to dis cover its source, but the effort failed and not until 1862 was it ascer tained that the White Nile had its beginnings among the mountains and huge lakes of the Congo-Tan ganyika borderland. Four Thousand Miles of Nile From the source of the Kagera. which flows into Lake Victoria and which may be regarded as the ulti mate starting point, Nile river wa ter flows about 4.000 miles before reaching the Mediterranean. Heavy seasonal rainfall at the headwaters of the Blue Nile in the mountains of Ethiopia mainly causes the an nual flood which has irrigated the fields of Egypt for countless cen turies. The marvelous Nile drains a million square miles. In its long and useful flow through desert lands the Nile loses so much moisture that only a feeble stream actually reaches the sea. In fact, at low water special dams help to keep the Mediterranean from flow ing into the river. Instead of enormous pyramids erected by long-vanished monarchs, modern men, through the enterprise of the British, have built along the Nile huge dams to harness it for irrigation and power purposes. The Aswan dam, in Egypt, impounds more than five billion tons of water. The Congo, draining even a larg er area than the Nile and flowing through the heart of the continent, provides, with its tributaries, nearly 11,000 miles of navigable waterways above Leopoldville, and its seasonal variation in volume is less than that of Africa’s other great rivers. Rap ids and cataracts, however, make it inaccessible to ocean steamers. The rocky barriers characteristic of African rivers, where they plunge toward the sea, long proved a tre mendous obstacle to the exploration and development of the interior. All Sorts of Natural Wonders. A noteworthy victim of river pi racy is the Niger, which rises within 150 miles of the Atlantic, yet flows for 2,600 miles before emptying into the Gulf of Guinea. Its headwaters are raided by pirate rivers—short streams fed by heavy rainfall along the coast which cut deeper and deep er inland, year by year capturing more and more of the Niger's wa tershed. From elephants and gorillas to butterflies, there is no end to the wonder of Africa’s natural life, still rich, although some of the most in teresting species have been deci mated by thoughtless hunting. Besides "big game,” there are termites that build "anthills” the height of a small house; driver ants, that destroy every living thing in their path; tsetse flies, whose bite gives men sleeping sickness and dooms domestic cattle to sud den death; snakes that eject their venom, aiming for the enemy’s eyes to blind him; trees that store up water to tide them over the dry season. A man-made wonder is the world’s deepest gold mine, near Jo hannesburg, “The City Built on Gold.” Down, down it goes to a depth of 8,380 feet—more than a mile and a half—in quest of the precious yellow metal. Work was begun not long ago on an air-condi- j tioning and cooling system for this abysmal maze of shafts and pas- j sages. An elephant trail through the wil derness. a traffic-filled street in a bustling city, the Pyramids, modern universities, professors, pygmies, whites and blacks and every shade between, a gasoline station in the desert, a motor car's honk, a hy ena’s laugh—all these are modern Africa. Over it all, the lines of transport are being constantly improved and extended, as the European powers, which control all but a tiny fraction of this continent as big as three Eu- j ropes, seek to tap to the full its | immense resources of mineral wealth and tropical produce. Air and Kail Transportation. Comfortable Eritish air liners reg- j ularly fly mail and passengers from London to Capetown, 7.700 miles away, in nine days, while a white : hunter on safari in the big-game | country, with 40 blacks, takes about the same length of time to travel 150 miles. The French and Belgians are planning to blaze another long air route diagonally across the con- j tinent from the Barbarv states to | the Belgian Congo and far-away Madagascar. By train one may ride from the Cape to the Congo, or across Africa from Lobito, Angola, on the west coast, to Beira, Mozambique, on the east. On a new railway bridge, one of the longest in the world, trains sweep across the broad Zam bezi river at Sena. Mozambique, re placing slow’, flat-bottomed ferry boats. A new 318-mile railway in French Equatorial Africa con-! nects the Congo river system’s | thousands of miles of navigable wa- j ters with the sea at Pointe Noire, j The purple of France covers a larger area than the color of any 1 other nation—an empire nearly 19; times the size of the home country— but much of it consists of desert. Only three areas, comprising; about one-fourteenth of the total of Africa, remain as separate native nations —Ethiopia, (in a diplomat ic sense) Egypt, and Liberia. With the aid of the famous Foreign Legion, France controls some of Af rica’s most warlike peoples. The keynote of its policy has been to| cause a minimum of disturbance of the customs of the natives. From its far-flung colonies it obtains such products as groundnuts, cotton, j palm oil, fruit, cocoa, rubber, to- i bacco, wheat, timber, wine and j hides. Britain’s Colonies Developed. Both France and Great Britain benefited extensively from the elim ination of Germany as one of the col onizers of Africa. The World war raged in many parts of this con tinent, and even a naval battle w’as fought in the heart of Africa when enterprising Britons dragged boats through the jungle and broke the German grip on Lake Tanganyika. A glance at the map shows how the territories of Britain have been j consolidated, forming a highly im- j portant and strategic right of way from top to bottom of the conti nent, since the British influence is strong also in Egypt. The uniting factor in this string of possessions 1 w’as Tanganyika, formerly German j East Africa. The British, in possession of some of the richest areas of the continent, have been tireless in their develop ment In South Africa, gold and diamonds have played major roles. On the Nile, irrigation projects have j proved successful, and quantities of cotton are produced in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and Uganda. Kenya is growung large quantities of coffee and the West African posses-' sions yield tropic products, such as oil palm nuts, cocoa, conra, and groundnuts; tiny Gambia alone ! ships more than a million dollars’ i worth of peanuts a year. The Brit ish islands of Zanzibar and Pemba j yield the bulk of the world’s cloves. Belgium, third on the list of Afri can landholders, possesses in the : Belgian Congo untold resources of minerals and tropical produce, in cluding palm oil, rubber, rice, ivory, cotton, cocoa and coffee. What gold and diamonds have been to South Africa, copper promises for the Congo, and much of the rapid de velopment that has taken place there has been aimed at tapping the rich deposits of the metaL rsvyywvy's>r?'-<iw r SUNDAY International || SCHOOL LESSON A By REV. HAROLD L LUNDQUIST, j Dean of the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. © Western Newspaper Union. Lesson for March 20 KEEPING TIIE BODY STRONG 1 LESSON TEXT—Mark 6:53-56; Judf?. ! 13:12-14; I Cor. 3:16.17; Rom. 12:1.2. ; GOLDEN TEXT—Now therefore be | ware. I pray thee, and drink not wine nor strong drink, and eat not any un clean thing.—Judges 13:4. PRIMARY TOPIC—The Body God i Gave Us. JUNIOR TOPIC—For Jesus’ Sake INTERMEDIATE AND SENIOR TOPIC—What Liquor, Drugs, and To bacco Do to Health. | YOUNG PEOPLE AND ADULT I TOPIC How Intemperance Affects Health. The universe of God is perfectly j organized in every respect. Beings : that function in the spirit realm are ! spirit beings, not subject to the lim- I | Rations of the physical world. We who dwell and serve in the phys ical w’orld are equipped with phys ical bodies which are ideal instru ments for our present existence With all their shortcomings and frailties, however, our bodies are | indeed marvelous machines, intri cate and delicate, yet unbelievably hardy and durable. They are a gift from God, and it is our express responsibility to glorify God in our bodies (I Cor. 6:20). This means j that we must do everything in our j power to make our bodies well if | they are sick, to keep them well, j j and to use them for God. No fol- | low’er of Christ can cither care lessly or willfully do that which may | or will injure or lessen the efficiency ; I of his body. I. How to Have a Strong Body. It is obvious that not every one has equal physical strength and health. In some measure this is by | ! divine providence or at least by j God’s permissive will, and those of us who find ourselves thus limited do well to count on his grace for | patience to use what we have for His glory. But not one of us wants i to yield hopelessly to our inability. Rather we will do our best to over ; come it. We want to know 1. How to cure weakness (Mark 6:53-56). God alone can heal the sick. Even j j in our day when science has made 1 | such strides in the healing art, we ! note that the most successful rem edy or system of treatment is the j one that clears the way for what , men call nature, but we know to be God, to work. Jesus healed the multitudes in the land of Gennes aret; He heals in America. 2. How to prevent weakness (Judg. 13:12-14). The mother of Samson, w r ho was to be a Nazarite, was to drink no wfine and to observe careful dietary regulations before he was born. That is the time to prevent weak ness in the body of a man, before he is born. One wonders what is to be the harvest in our modern : times with liquor-drinking, cig arette-smoking mothers as w r el) as fathers. The next generation is \ starting out w’ith a serious handi- I cap. Note also that if it is bad for a j i man to have such poisons in his; j veins before he is born, surely it is poor judgment to put them in after , he comes to the age where he con ; trols his owm life. We need to ; watch our diets, and we have much j | valuable help on that point. We ■ also need to give serious attention ;to the use of narcotics. It may ! surprise some to know that the term narcotics includes not only j drugs and alcoholic beverages, but \ also tobacco, and such common • ; things as tea and coffee. Other abuse of the body, such as overwork, neglect of rest, etc., may well be mentioned. The besetting sin of some Christian workers is the destruction of their bodies, the very temple of the Holy Ghost, by over work. 11. How to Use a Strong Body. Unfortunate as it is to observe that some who would serve the Lord j i have to struggle with the weakness j of the body, it is far sadder to note that all too often those who; : have strong bodies forget to usei that strength for God. Our Scrip- ] ture portions give us two excellent j ! guiding principles. Our bodies j ! should be 1. Kept for God (I Cor. 3:16, 17). These verses refer to the body of | the Christian, for only of him can it be said that his body is the temple I of the Holy Ghost. The Holy Spirit is a person, the third person of the blessed Trinity. : He comes to dwell within the soul of the Christian immediately upon his being regenerated, thus making ; his body the temple of the Holy j A clear grasp of that truth j | solves the problem of what we should do with and for our bodies. We must keep them well and clean. We dare not defile them in any way. j The body of the Christian is kept for God. 2. Yielded to God (Rom. 12:1, 2). It is a high and noble sacrifice to die for Christ. But our call just now is to be a ; "living sacrifice.” There are times when that may seem harder than to be a martyr. We do know that it is not always easy to live through the drab, difficult, and sometimes dreadful days, with a clear and shining testimony for Christ. But it can be done and is always to His glory. It is by the transform ing grace of God that we are en abled to live such a life. THE COOLIDGE EXAMINER J mm i i ■ ■■ Pretty Things for Easter 1481 1-196 j \ mao THESE three dresses are up high on the list of fashion’s fa vorites, and you can easily make them at home by using our simple, : easy-to-follow patterns, each ac |companied by a complete and de tailed sew chart. Start right now, for even if there's a shiver in the air at this moment, Easter is not | very far off! .And you’ll want to ;be ready! Dress With Lifted Waistline. This is a very, very popular ! fashion because it makes you look so slim and graceful, what with the waistline high in front, and soft gathers above it, the gently i flaring skirt. Made up in a pretty 1 print or silk crepe, it will be lovely for Easter and for all Spring. Be | sure to wear a bunch of flowers at 1 the neckline. A Jumper Frock for Girls. This is one of the sweetest and most becoming styles ever invent ed for girls of school age, just about the time they begin to shoot up so fast that you can almost see them grow! Make the jumper of linen, gingham or percale, and why not make two or three blouses to go with it? One of linen, one of dimity, and one of organdie. Everybody Likes Dirndl Frock. The square neckline, the full rippling skirt and tight little waist are so flattering to slim figures! Here's a charming dirndl with just the right air of quaintness and freshness about it. Choose a gay flowered print, or a cheerful plain color, pale or bright. But be sure, whether you make it up in silk or Truth in Speaking Speak not at all, in any wise, till you have somewhat to speak; care not for the reward of your speaking, but simply and with un divided mind for the truth of your t peaking.—Carlyle. "You Vet we'et £NJ ov/n' ™ OU X MAKINS'ffIOKES- "OW, f - .it Ira >p ' ■'.'? 2*; • .. ' ->*'^ 2 ’Ua, sz%lSTlmF&s teljpifl f<£ '■ Roll yourself 30 swell cigarettes J ' jjv ■ < 5 from Prince Albert. If you don’t ''wH : „,' " 'Six,' >i».„ qA ’’ ~f ■'' find them the finest. tastiest i nll °***fc Hit. your-owr, cigarettes yon ever "~~-v *S«|;. -f|L'...s7?' : * eManc &M ’ v smoked, return th« pocket tie * .'■?^jSf r y ’’t e ‘ l ri * * lie tol act oin to us at am time within a mini tv from tins date , fii.c we will it-tund full purchase prict, plus postage. ’ - ,.ma, f Signed/ R. J Reynolds Tobaci m cotton, to choose a crisp fabric so that the skirt will flare as it should. The Patterns. 1481 is designed for sizes 14 to 42 (32 to 42 bust.) Size 16 (34) re quires 3 7 /s yards of 39-inch mate rial. 1996 is designed for 6 to 14 years. Size 8 requires 1% yards of 39-inch material for the jumper; 1% yards for the blouse. Also 214 yards of bias facing for neck and armholes of jumper. 1480 is designed for sizes 12 to 20 (30 to 38 bust). Size 14 (32) re quires yards of 39-inch mate rial, plus lVs yards of ribbon for belt and 3!4 yards of braid or rib bon for trimming. Spring-Summer Pattern Book. Send 15 cents for the Barbara Bell Spring and Summer Pattern Book which is now ready. It con tains 109 attractive, practical and becoming designs. The Barbara Bell patterns are well planned, accurately cut and easy to follow. Each pattern includes a sew-chart which enables even a beginner to cut and make her own clothes. Send your order to The Sewing Circle Pattern Dept., Room 1020, 211 W. Wacker Dr., Chicago, 111. Price of patterns, 15 cents (in coins) each. ARE YOU 3/ tifirro ONLY A 74 WIFE? Men can never understand a three-quarter wife—a wife who in lovable for three weeks of the month —but a hell-cat the fourth. No matter how your back aches—no matter how loudly your nerves scream —don’t take it ; out on your husband. For three generations one woman has told i another how to go “smiling through" with Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. It helps Nature tone up the system, thus lessen ing the discomforts from the functional dis orders which women must endure. Make a note NOW to get a bottle of Pinkham’a today WITHOUT FAlLfrom your druggist more than a million women nave writte n in letters reporting benefit. Whv not try LYDIA E. PINKHAM’S VEGETABLE COMPOUND? A Colorful Pansy Afghan j Here's something different in crochet—an afghan with a pansy design that’s full of old-time charm. Make it of 4 fold german tow T n, entirely in single crochet— Pattern 6021. a medallion at a time, with each flower a different color if you wish (it’s grand for left-over wool). Put the finishing touches on these sweet pansy “faces” with a few cross-stitches. An easy-to-follow fwnlwU i iwi ii ” V ii 1 pt li<; / chart makes this a very simple pattern! In pattern 6021 you will find directions for making the af ghan and a pillow; an illustration of it and of the stitches used; material requirements; and color suggestions. To obtain this pattern send 15 cents in stamps or coins (coin* preferred) to The Sewing Circle. Household Arts Dept., 259 W, Fourteenth St., New York, N. Y. : —a Don’t Neglect a Cold Rub soothing, warming Musterole well into your chest and throat, Musterole is NOT just a salve. It’s a “counter-irritant” containing good old-fashioned cold remedies— oil of mustard, menthol, camphor and other valuable ingredients. That’s why it gets such fine result* better than the old-fashioned mus tard plaster. Musterole penetrates, stimulates, warms and soothes, help ful in drawing out local congestion and pain. Used by millions for 30 years. Recommended by many doe tors and nurses. All druggists’. In three strengths: Regular Strength, Children’s (mild), and Bxtra Strong.