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Snoring — Cause and Cure By DR. JAMES W. BARTON © Btll Syndicate.—WNU Service. VX/'HEN we think of disturb mobile horn, the locomotive whistle, the siren of the am bulance or the fire truck that we have in mind. Noise is so harmful to the body and brain that all over the world —London, New York, Paris, Berlin, and in smaller cities —laws are now in force to lessen all noises. Noise keeps the nerves tense, the nerves keep the muscles tense, so that in a noisy fac tory or office, fa tigue or tiredness comes on sooner be cause tenseness of the muscles tires just as if one were working. Naturally also if one is kept alert by noise there , is not much chance for rest or sleep. However, all noise is not outdoors and one of the most dis- Dr. Barton turbing noises—to others—is snor ing. Snoring has been measured by the audiometer in sound units, the decibel, which is the smallest sound that can be heard by the normal ear. This machine shows that the sound of the snore is 40 decibels which is equal to the sound of a noisy office or automobile. In Hygeia, Margaret McEiichern stated that, according to careful es timates, one out of every eight per sons snores more or less regularly, and no doubt every person snores occasionally. How It May Be Cured. What is the cause of snoring and what can be, done about it? There are many causes of snor ing but most cases are due to some obstruction to the breathing—en larged turbinate bones, bending to one side of the septum (the bone and cartilage partition between the nostrils), adenoids in children. Many cases are due simply to lying on the back and letting the mouth drop open. The “noise” from snoring is due to vibrations while breathing in and j out of the soft palate and the uvula i (the little portion of flesh hanging [ between the tonsils or the place ' where the tonsils have been). Lying on the left side when the left side of the nose is “blocked” i and the right side when the right ! side of the nose is blocked, pre- | vents snoring because it allows the ! wing or side of the nose to drop down, leaving more air space be cause nostril becomes more widely open. However, as Margaret McEach ern points out, the best plan to cure the “snorer” is to have him visit the family physician or the nose I and throat specialist and have ob struction corrected. • • * Water and Reducing. It is often pointed out to over- j weights that as fat tissue holds so much water, if they would cut down on their water or liquid intake for three or four weeks, or until the body, by means of the water in all foods, has taken a definite amount of water from the foods, they would lose weight more rapidly. This is a point known to boxers, wrestlers, jockeys, and others whose weight must be kept within certain limits but seems to be unknown to a great many overweights. Overweights state that they al ways thought water was “good” for them because it washed out wastes, cleared out the kidneys, and added no w’eight. Water is “good” for ev erybody; every body needs it in or der to work properly. But the body needs only so much water or liq uids daily, and in fat individuals much of what Is not used is stored away in the fat, just as the fat it self is stored away in overweights because it is not used or needed. What most overweights forget is that all the water taken into the system must be considered or ac counted for; this means not only water, tea, coffee, milk, soft and hard drinks —but also the water in food. For instance, seryi-solid foods contain a great amount of water and even the driest most solid food con tains some water. Nuts, dry ce reals and crackers may contain as much as 5 to 10 per cent of water; fruits and vegetables contain a great amount of water, some as high as 85 to 95 per cent. Gretna Green Marriages For decades Scotland’s Gretna Green has been famed for its mar riages of elopers, many of whom were pursued by irate parents and took their vows as hastily as pos sible over a smithy’s anvil, for fear an irate relative would break up the proceedings. “Jigger” Kind of Flea The “jigger” is a kind of flea which is found in tropical countries, has the habit of burying itself in the skin of the foot—either of a per son or an animal, it doesn’t care which. There it swells till it is the size of a small pea, causing the most intense irritation. Wasp brings home Its dinner—a cicada. Wasps and Hornets Are Efficient Destroyers of Our Insect Pests Prepared by National Geographic Society, Washington. D. C.—WNU Service. STINGS have a high edu cational value. After one or two experiences with these concealed weapons, the personality of the little sting vvielders is firmly impressed upon you. It is quite proper to regard the wasps and hornets with respect, as they insist you shall. But do not let their potent personalities preju dice you against them. For it is within this group, taken in the broadest sense, that is found the cleverest and most ingenious of all | the insects, as well as the most efficient and destructive enemies of our insect pests. The cleverness and ingenuity of wasps take numerous forms. Each i of the many thousands of different kinds has its own little specialty which differs more or less from that of every other kind. Among these specialties few are more fascinating than those of the various digger I wasps that burrow in the ground and lay up in little chambers food ' upon which their young subsist. Look closely into the habits of | some of the common digger wasps ! and see what they are doing in that sultry season when you can think j only of vacation, for it is then that | they display the greatest energy. Familiar to everyone in the hot. still, midsummer days is the mo notonous shrill song of the cicada. Hornets Prey on Cicadas. Once in a while one of these mo i notonous trills stops suddenly. You | hear a discordant shriek that star tles you for a moment. Then all is the same again—the heat and the interminable trills of the cicadas. What has happened? One of Na ture's little tragedies. A cicada has been surprised by a cicada-killer, , has fled shrieking away, and in dll probability has been caught and stung, not to death, but into a state of complete helplessness. The cicada-killer is one of the largest and most conspicuous, as well as one of the commonest, of burrowing wasps. To many people it is know r n as a hornet—in fact, the hornet—and is much feared. But it is not at all aggressive. It resents undue familiarity, of course, but its nature is wholly peaceful—except when cicadas are concerned. Cicadas are its only prey. Some times you see it flying about a tree, hunting for a victim up among the branches, or pursuing a cicada at high speed through the air. But it is usually noticed dragging a cicada, i often much larger than itself, along I the ground on the way to its burrow. This nursery is commonly made ; in the higher and drier portions of lawns, or in sloping grassy banks, and runs to a more or less spheri cal cell about an inch and a half in diameter. The finished nursery usu ally includes four cells. After each cell is completed the ! mother wasp goes on a hunting ex pedition. In bringing the cicada to j the cell she frequently hoists her | victim laboriously up a tree, from which she flies diagonally down to ward her burrow. Thus she saves much time and energy, for dragging a creature as large as a cicada through the grass is a herculean task even for so powerftil a wasp. Usually, though not invariably, a second cicada is added to the first. |* After the cicadas—still alive but helpless—are stored safely in the underground cell, the wasp places | an egg on the body of one of them ! just under one of the middle legs, then closes the cell with earth. Week’s Food for the Grubs. The egg hatches in three days, and the grub feeds on the cicadas for a little over a week. It then makes a cocoon of earth, mixed with enough silk to make it rather j dense, and spends the winter insida. | In the spring, after passing through 1 the pupa stage, the wasp digs its way out of the ground. The cicada-killers that you see walking or flying about a grassy ( slope are living evidence of the nu merous tragedies that have taken i place beneath the sod. Only the young of this wasp feed on cicadas. The adults, as is the case with nearly all the wasps, are | vegetarians. For many days after . emerging from the ground, the ci> cada-killers. indolent and peaceful, winder aimlessly about, lapping up nectar from the flowers. They are especially fond of the sap of certain trees. If truth must be told, they much prefer this sap after fermentation has transformed it into more or less strong beer. Idle ease, nectar, and beer satisfy these wasps for a few weeks. Dur ing this time they display not the j slightest interest in cicadas. Then, ! with the attainment of full bodily de velopment, the females somewhat I suddenly become demons of dynam ' ic energy murderously inclined to ward all cicadas —full-fledged cica da-killers. i The cicada-killers are interesting because of their great size, and the j bulk and power of their victims. It is a thrilling sight to see one of 1 them strike a cicada in full flight and. with its prey, go tumbling to the ground. But their technique is crude —effective, but lacking those finer touches that perfect the pic ture. So let us consider the most accomplished artists that are found among the digger wasps. How Wasps Use Caterpillars. Rather large, very slender, and long-waisted wasps commonly are seen early in the summer on wild carrot and other flowers, about de caying fruit, or drinking at the sides of puddles. Indolent and peaceful, they are unsuspicious and slow to take offense. These are young cat erpillar wasps, for which as yet life means little more than feeding on nectar in full enjoyment of the sum mer sunshine. Lazy, slow-moving creatures, with an air of complete boredom, they could scarcely appear less interest ing or more slothful. But while they are spending their time in frivolous enjoyment they are developing strength and energy and acquiring a knowledge of the world. Energy finally gets the upper hand, and the female forsakes the flowers almost completely. The first thing she does on becoming energet ic is to find a patch of bare, stiff soil, more or less protected, and there dig a burrow ending in an enlarged chamber, oval in shape and horizontal. After the burrow is completed the wasp closes the opening with a little stone or a pellet of earth of just the right size, or sometimes with several pellets, filling the hole up level with the ground and often kicking some loose earth over it. Her burrow completed, closed, and concealed from view, she now goes in search of prey—caterpillars found on or near the ground. The commonest one prefers green cater pillars much larger than herself. When a caterpillar is discovered the wasp knocks it off the leaf onto the ground. Then, watching her chance, she seizes it with her man dibles near its head and gives it a prolonged sting between two of the earlier segments. This ends the struggle of the caterpillar. The wasp then stings its victim between the other earlier segments and between most or all of the hinder segments. The stinging is followed by a thorough squeezing of the neck between the mandibles all around, this squeezing process last ing for some time. Put in Cleverly Closed Burrow. The caterpillar, reduced to com plete inertness and lying extended at full length, is now ready to be transported to the burrow. The wasp turns it on its back; then, seiz ing it by the throat, lifts its head off the ground and drags it along at a very creditable pace—at least when the ground is smooth and the way is unobstructed. The caterpillar is finally brought to the burrow, which is opened and the victim placed inside. Sometimes a single caterpillar is sufficient, but usually two or even more are need ed. If more than one is stored, the burrow is always closed after each is placed within it. When the store of caterpillars is complete and the egg is laid, the burrow is perma nently closed with the greatest care. Now comes the most interesting part of the whole proceeding. The wasp searches for a little stone of i just the right size and shape, and with this held firmly in her jaws she pats the earth down very care fully to obliterate ail traces of her work. THE COOLIDGE EXAMINER Improved I! SUNDAY International ! SCHOOL LESSON •- i Bv HAROLD L. LUNDQUIST. DD. Dean of The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. © Western Newspaper Union. j Lesson for August 7 RUTH: ADVENTUROUS FAITH LESSON TEXT—Ruth 1 6-18 j GOLDEN TEXT—Thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God.—Ruth 1:16 PRIMARY TOPIC—A Girl Named Ruth. j JUNIOR TOPIC—The Story of Ruth. INTERMEDIATE AND SENIOR TOPlC—Ruth's Wise Choice. YOUNG PEOPLE AND ADULT TOPIC—An Adventurous Faith. Out of the dark fastnesses of an underground dungeon into the brightness and warmth of God's sun shine—such is the transition we make when we turn from the moral and spiritual failures of Samson to con sider the lovely story of Ruth. She lived in the midst of the travails and the sorrows of life, in fact we find her at the beginning of the book which bears her name, a wid ow who has lost all that the world would hold dear. Yet she. because of her purity t>f life and devotion to God rises higher and higher, while the one of whom we spoke last week, starting with every advan tage. slipped lower and lower be cause of his sin. Ruth was the great-grandmother ot King David, and thus this Gen tile woman became one of the an cestors of Jesus. (See Ruth 4:22 with Luke 3:22.) Many folk are greatly concerned about their ances try—one could wish that more were concerned about living such lives and developing such characters as will make them good ancestors. Teachers and classes will do well to read and study the entire book of Ruth—only about three pages long in most Bibles —and give at tention to the full story of her life, especially the picture of the kins man-redeemer, to be later fulfilled in the Lord Jesus Christ. We must confine our comments largely to the printed portion which reveals Ruth first as a loyal and thoughtful daughter-in-law, then as one whose love was not to be denied by sorrow or and finally as one so bound to her mother-in-law in unity of spirit that she became one with her and her people. I. Commendable Loyalty (vv. 6- 10). Tragic misfortune had visited Naomi, who with her husband and two sons had gone from Bethle hem to Moab in a time of famine. Not only had her husband died but hlso her two sons, who had mar | ried Gentile women, leaving three 5 widows in one family to mourn to gether. Naomi craved the fellow ship of her own people in her hour of trial and arose to return to her own land. Her departure brought out in the two daughters-in-law the expression ;of kindness and loyalty which should exist in every family, but which is all too often lacking. Her | own testimony concerning these girls of Moab is that they had dealt "kindly” with her and with the ! dead. That word speaks volumes. There is so little genuine kindness in the world. Both Orpah and Ruth j went with her on the way—pro ! testing their loyal purpose to go with her all the way. Thus far I the two sisters were not differen tiated—but the next incident re veals Ruth as the one who had an 11. Undeniable Love (vv. 11-14). No one could for a moment con demn Orpah for yielding to her mother-in-law’s entreaty that she return to her own people. She af fectionately kisses Naomi and in tears turns away. “But Ruth clave unto her.” Such love cannot be denied. It is the most precious possession that a man can have, apart from his fellowship with God. The love of a devoted father or mother, of a noble helpmate, or of a little laddie or lassie, these are the things that really make life worth while, that stand out as an oasis in the desert of life, as a light in the darkness. But Ruth takes one more step. I Her kindness and loyalty, her un | swerving love lead on to a confes sion of her faith in the true God, and the declaration of an 111. Inseparable Unity (vv. 15-18). Literature knows no more beauti ful gem than verses 16 and 17. It [ was the Great Commoner, Bryan, i who said, “We cannot hope to con ■ tribute to literature a sentence so • exquisite and thrilling as that into : which Ruth poured the full meas i ure of a noble heart, but we can t imitate her devotion.” I The story is told of a fine young ; Englishman who left his betrothed : sweetheart to go to California dur- I I ing the great gold rush. He was I going to make a fortune and then ' send for her. He sent her his first gold nugget. But alas, there were I I none to follow and soon he became 1 not only poverty stricken, but ill, 1 In noble sacrifice he decided to re -1 lease her from her promise, and j wrote to tell her so. She (and one ; could almost believe her name was i Ruth) took the treasured nugget, ! had it made into a ring engraved ! as a gift from her to him, with the additional words “Ruth 1:16, 17.” I In due time it reached the young 1 man with its tender and inspiring message—“lntreat me not to leave thee.” and the assurance of her devotion until death. SIX GUNS .. A Gallos County and ** Story CARPET TACKS « Mc a»«^jw^ers yn dic. t .. \/|OST times, here in Gallos | county, a six gun’s a-got just a leetle the best of the argument, but there was one time when the • difference between two gun toters i was a box of carpet tacks. See that tree a-standin’ out there, there at the bend in the ! road. Well, that’s where they , finally lynched Butch Manton. Folks just heared that some of Butch’s friends was a-plannin’ to , ride in to town and take him out o’ jail. And Butch a-bein’ a cow ; thief like he was, they just up and taken him out and strung him j to that there tree. And Butch'd been livin’ right, like as not, if it wasn’t for them carpet tacks. It was right here in the Happy i Hour where things was a-begin- : nin’. Butch was at the bar when j Johnnie Rucker comes in and was j a leetle slow when he said some- j thin’ ’bout Butch stealin’ 50 head of steers from Johnnie, but John nie did nick Butch’s right foot as the lead from Butch’s gun went a-tearin’ through his own heart. Course, Butch'd shot Johnnie : Just at the time when you need a new set of tires for your IfPIIT1 fPIIT K TIRrQ F truck, Firestone makes it possible for you to buy high quality I UN I KUvIV lltfL3> B tires at a new low’ price. 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Jjy as to*#* 1 * *vitho ip a *!} & 'tiMERWWL ' CAR OWNERS Mffid \SAVE MONEY TOOlSUny%">u^ n >- ifV^S LOW AS \ 4 - s °- 21 $ 7.90 S*e f ® *** th^jS !■»£ A \ 4.75-19 8.15 MS? I ?***/ 0/ M 5.00-19 8.80 Listen to . . . THE FIRESTONE VOICE OF THE THE VOICE OF FIRESTONE FARM lnterviews with the Champion Featuring Richard Crooks and Margaret Farmers of America, featuring Everett I Speaks and the Firestone Symphony Orchestra, Mitchell. Twice weekly during the noon hour. * under the direction of Alfred Wallenstein, Consult your local paper for the station, day, Monday evenings over Nationwide N. B. C. and time of broadcast. Red Network without givin’ him a chance, but Butch still had that gun in his ; hand when he backs out of the J Happy Hour. ’Fore long after the shootm, Sheriff Tom rides into town and 1 hears bout the shootin’. It kinda ' j hits him hard on account of John- j ; nie bein’ a pal of his’n, and he j don’t wait for reason why there ain’t been no posse after Butch. ; He lights out for the Diablo can yon country down close to the bor- 1 der where Butch and his gang has holed up for years. Butch oughta gone right on to the border, but he don’t. He stops by the shack, sends them riders of his’n on with them j steers he stole from Johnnie and waits back to see if he can’t do \ somethin’ ’bout that foot of his’n. He's a doin’ a leetle doctorin’ of | his own when Tom rides up. Tom ain’t never been a fool ’fore, but a-thinkin’ ’bout Johnnie musta got him off, ’cause Butch gits the drop on him and takes Tom’s gun but Tom does manage to kick a | table over and put out a candle, Along the Highway Don’t let ownership of an automobile rob you of your po liteness. Probably the worst fault In driving a car is believing you haven’t any fault. In these days, on the roads, it’s a case of the survival of the flittest. Thinking about one thing while doing another causes ac cidents. the only light that’s in the room. No sir, Butch don’t get away from Tom and Tom lives to i bring Butch Manton right to the jail from which he was taken and hung on that tree at the bend of the road, down yonder. You see, Tom, he’s been out a-tackin’ up signs when Johnnie was shot. Well he’d just brung them tacks long with him, and them tacks is how he catched Butch. He just spread them on the floor quiet-like while he was movin’ around there in the dark and a-fore long Butch steps on one with his foot that ain’t got no boot on. Butch’s kinda surprised and lets out a hoop and Tom just grabs in the direction of that hoop.