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THURSDAY, MAY 30, 1940
AS IT APPEARS TO Y our Congressman WL v j . ■ Mfr *. J[ j| § ■<'■ Ry JOHN R. MURDOCK Sportsmen of Arizona have long called for a federal fish hatchery in our State, and the Arizona dele gation has worked in various ways to obtain such. The present In terior Bill does contain an an propriation which Senator Hay-j den was able to add for the development of the fish-cultural station on Williams Creek on the Fort Apache Reservation. This is a splendid beginning. Whi’e the Interior Bill has not been finally; enacted. Sen. Hayden should be, given much credit for another l»e ginning in regard to an appropria tion toward further survey for a dam on the Glia River below r the mouth of the San Pedro. There is no question of the need for such a dam. and. although there are some internal matters which much be adjusted in the case of build ing such a dam, the big issue is obtaining the fundg to build it. Thursday the House Com mittee on Irrigation and Reo’ama ’ion reported out favorably HTi 909.7. an act providing for a re-i adjustment of power rates at Boulder Dam. It has been a matter of considerable controversy among congressmen, but the remarkable thing i s that the representatives of seven basin states, the Southern California power contractors and the high officials of the Interior Department came to full accord on the measure. The chief provi sions of this bill are as follows: The rate charged for power will be lower than under the existing law and the Secretary of Interior is directed to fix the rates in such a wav as to amortize the cost of the dam and pow-er plant over a! fifty year period with interest at 7 per cent instead of 4 per cent. The flood control item, of $25,000. 000 i s to be paid back after the close of the fifty year period with out interest. Arizona and Nevada are to receive $300,000 annually for fifty years, beginning July 1. 1937. ’fhe Colorado River De velopment fund is to receive half a million dollars annually for fifty; years. Under the present law the rates will be adjusted in 1945 and periodically thereafter, based on the most of steam power genera tion. It is thought that under the! present law such an adjustment of rates on this competitive basis would wipe out any surplus earn ings and thu 8 deprive Arizona. Nevada and the Colorado River De velopment Fund of any subsequent payments. Thursday the House passed the WPA bill for the first eight months of the next fiscal year in the amount recommended by the President. Many amendments w'ere offered but few accepted, the im portant one being an amendment to leave out the $50,000 limit on any project. I took little part in this long drawn out debate except to get myself branded a “pork-har reler" in voting for Ross Collins* amendment offered to set up a Bind of sixty million dol'ars for government buildings and con-, -’ruction. This wa s to be ad ditional and for the purpose of building needed post offices and federal buildings. I pointed out that the last official report showed twenty three towns and cities in i Arizona in need of and eligible for ( new po*l office buildings, and that 1 at the present rate of construction it will be many years before this need can be supplied, and that the need in certain Arizona towns for a new or enlarged quarters is im perative. This amendment failed.! The House Committee on Bank-j ing and Currency has been hold-' ing continuous sessions on ing continuous sessions on meas ures asked for by the President, and Jesse Jone s has been before the Committee for several days. I So every time I speak to Chair-; man Steagall concerning a hear-; ing on Billy Graham’s bill, he sav% “In a few- days, just as soon as some of these others are dis posed of. I’ll take care of you boys.’* Our chief interest now j is the matter of national defense, and this emphasis on strategic materials fits in perfectly with the great defense measure that the House passed almost unanim ously Friday. j Indian Population Shows Gain Who started that crack about the “vanishing American”? Whoever originated that much quoted phrase, it now- appears, J either was indulging in a bit of poetic license or else didn’t know his Indians. So far as Arizona is concerned, the Indian population not only is holding its own, but is increasing! substantially. For that, you have the word of j census enumerators who traveled by automobile horseback and wagon into some of Arizona’s most remote and inaccessible recesses to check up on the wily Indian. State Has 51,730 Indians Figures compiled by D. Kelly Turner, Arizona manager for the census, indicate that Arizona’s In dian population i s approximately! 51.730. I This is an increase of 12.233 over 1930. In that year, census 1 and other records indicate there were 39.497 Indians in the state, j The 1940 figures are subject to revision but are substantially cor 1 rect. They credit the Navajo and Hopi agencies, counted jointly, with the| greatest gain. Tlieir combined present population is estimated at 32,900 as compared with 24,351 in ! 1930. Pima Also Are Numerous , Arizona’s next largest agency—: the Pima, with headquarters at Sacaton —is given a total popula tion of 6.87. This includes in j » The Flowering OcotiUo Bj ! ~ ~ , I 'W* I t wr?4 | Relying the steel-!ike barbs which fringe its ribs, the flowered I sing r tips of the Ocatillo present one of the most gorgeous sights I oi Arizona desert growth when spring has touched the magic I wand whi-h brings all Arizona desert flora into bloom. Motorists I may spend many a pleasant afternoon during the long, lazy spring I days pienicing on the Arizona desert where the flowering Ocotilla I is to bf* fr-im in | j » Stately Desert Sentinel ♦ | I h & HI fiEjg Rf . ♦ 111 a lilkhl H k Is v R I Eg ||!U sip 'S' I . jkOfr- diaferi Supreme sovereign of the desert, the stately Saguaro is not I only the most remarkable desert growth in a land where remarkable I desert growths are to be seen on every hand but its appearance, ao j often in group or forest formation, reminds the traveler of row I upon row of attentive soldiers. Saguaro National Monument, 20 I miles east of Tucson, where this view was taken, covers more than I 63,000 acres and contains over 1,200 species of the cactus family. ! j habitants- of the subagencies. at i For McDowell, Salt River, Mari copa and Lehi. Census records for 1930 were I not immediately available on this agency, but other sources credited it with a population of 5<020 in that year. Next in the order of size is the Papago-Sells agency, which the 1940 census assigns a population of 5,469, in comparison with 4,152 j I 10 years ago. The poulation of the Fort; | Apache agenev, according to offi-i ' * I cials census reports, is 3,373. Cen-j su s officials placed its population at 3,019 in 1930. The San Carlos reservation pop ulation was determined by the re cent census to be 3,233. Official j census records for 1930 were lack ing but. other available records i gave it a population of 2,585 in that year. In the decade, census figures ; show, the population of the Huai-; pai, or Truxton Canyon, agency, with headquarters at Valentine, has increased from 370 to 504. Arizona has what is be’ieved to be the smallest Indian reservation in tlie nation —the Yavapai reser vation near Prescott —where less than 100 Indians reside. Only silghtly larger than this in population is the reservation of the Havasupai Indians in almost inaccessible Havasu canyon a tri-j butary of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado. The enumerator who trekked down the difficult and all but im-, passible trail into the canyon counted 164 Havasupai. Because of THE COOLIDGE EXAMINER * the shynes s of the Indians, it took; him four day s to complete the task. A handful of 'Papago who live in the river bottoms near Gila Bend and a small group of Indians near Parker were counted in the gen eral census rather than separtely. Indian Service Helps The census of the Indians was carried out for the first time this; year by U. S. Indian Service men. j Their task w-as not always easy. ; The less-progressive Indians view |ed the enumerators , sometimes termed by tribesmen “the askers of useless question,’’ with suspic ion and resentment. It will be remembered, for in stance, that a larger number of less-advanced Indians on the Papa New Bartlett Dam [ Latest addition to Arizona's Salt River Irrigation Project is Bartlett Dam, 55 miles northeast of Phoenix on the Verde River. Finished early in 1939, this huge structure, named for one of the Talley’* earliest civic leaders, is 750 feet in length and towers 285 feet above bedrock. Water impounded by Bartlett Dam will cover 4,000 acres and total 200,000 acre feet, extending 12 miles up river. Built j at a coat of 34,000,000, Bartlett Dam forms an important auxiliary of the west's largest irrigation proj* ] ect. Heavy rains in the mountain area surrounding Bartlett Dam during the month of September have I already formed a substantial lake behind the dam. 1 I Let Us Print Your I STATIONERY I Cards | I I Posters | • I I Envelopes I I Statements ! I Letter Heads I Legal Blanks I Cotton Tickets j I Coolidge Examiner j I ]go reservation west of Tucson! went into open revo’.t against the authority of Uncle Sam. In that; area, enumerators found whole' villages completely deserted. The inhabitants hid in the surrounding hills until the harassed nose-count ers gave up and left. Where enumerators did find any body home, the Indians good-na ! turedly but fatly refused to answer questions merely because 1 it was the white man’s law, not ! theirs. Government authorities finally had to resort to a threat of force to induce the recalcitrant redskins! to submit to the census count. A census enumerator on one of the large reservations in Northern i Arizona met with stubborn refusal I i ! when he attempted to open thej population count in the district as ! signed him. License Passes Muster Headmen were called together for a pow-wow and, while the con ference progressed, the enumera tor observed several Indians circl ing his automobile and examining it closely. Finaly, they joined the po-wow and word was passed to the census representative that they “guessed” | it would be all right for the job to proceed because the enumerator’s j car didn’t carry “John Collier’s li cense" —the familiar “USIS.” It developed the Indians were irked at some of the Indian bureau's policies and had decided to balk at the census, beliving it was Page Three some project of that bureau. Their reference to “John Collier’s li cense’’ involved the head of the U. S. Indian Service. community church E. M. Ward. Pastor Sunday scboo « 46 a. m Morning worship, n:00 o’clock. Evening worship, 8:00 o’clock. Junior Endeavor, Intermediate Endeavor, 7-00 p. m. Senior Endeavor at 7 p. m. Woman’s Auxiliary, Ist and Srd Thursdays of each month. CHURCH OF CHRIST Each Sunday afternoon 2:30. Woman’s Club Building. You are cordially invited Visit ing members welcome. CHURCH OF THE NAZARENE W. L. Dicus, Pastor Sunday School 9:45 A.M. Morning W’orship 11 A.M. Evangelist Services 7:45 P.M. Midweek Prayer Meeting Wednesday eve at 7:45 CHURCH OF GOD Walton Avenue at 3rd Street Charles Gross, pastor SUNDAY Sunday school, 10:00 A. M. Wrship. 11:00 A. M. Children’s Bible hour, 3:00 P. M. Young People’s meeting 6:30 P. M. Worship, 7:30 P. M. WEDNESDAY Prayer meeting, 7:30 P. M. FIRST BAPTIST CURCH Lindbergh Ave., at 4th Street J. N. Campbell, Pastor Sunday School —10:00 a. m Training Union 7:30 p. m. Public Worship—ll:oo a. m. and S:ls p. m. A cordial welcome to all. METHODIST CHURCH J. T. Redman, Pastor Fifth Sunday meeting Casa Gran de and Coolidge charge at Casa Grande March 30. 11 a. m. Sermon, 12:30 p. m. Lunch. Bring a cover ed dish. 2 p. m. Bible Lesson, Tho Pslams. 3 p. m. to 5 Old fashioned song fest. All are invited.