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FRIDAY, SEPT. 26. 1941
(the Coolibgc fc.xamiiter PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING Entered a» *♦•< ond cias.s matter March 7, 1930 at the post office t Coolidge, Arizona, under the Act of March 3. 1879. A. C and H. H. WRENN, Publishers Subscription Rate. Per Year $2.00 M»lp«p«r « « a««b«r J Arizona Newspapers Assed/fioN 6r««u< Pmktic Siwtci 1 FALSE LEADERS Real friends of labor are regretful two inci dents happened this week. One was in Kansas City, Mo., when an outlaw strike shut off that city’s elec trie light & power without warning. Press dispatches told of near tragic results, suel as surgeons having to perform operations with ai( of flashlights. The men who caused this must ha* lieen the dupes of insane leadership. The other incident occurred at the State Fedc ation of Labor convention in Flagstaff. Through the prodding of politicians in the ranks of Arizona La i»or, a resolution was passed asking the governor t > oust the State Industrial Commission. Co/. Osborn tried it once and failed, roundly re b. Ld by the State S ipreme Court. We wonder how much thought delegates ga e t t ie ouster resolution, The resolution se. ks to remo.e two commissioners who have carried, and continue to carry union cards—members of the Railway brotherhoods. Should these commissioners Ik? removed, their places would Ik* taken by an ex-sheriff and a l>order patrolman, neither of whom is a union man. Gov. Osborn some months ago unsuccessfully appointed them to the commission. We are certain that the rank and file of Organ ized Lain)!* in Arizona share our belief that dele gates, who voted to oust two union men for a pair of non-card men, lietrayed the lalwr movement. Organized Lal>or will be better off when it rids its roster of officers of the small group political parasites who would sell the movement down the river, for political or personal gain. Men are known by their deeds and their records. Arizona’s industrial commissioners, including the agriculturist member, have long and honorable rec ords, like the vast majority of men who give sincere and unselfish service to the labor movement. Can you say as much for a politician, who nev er in his life carried a union card, but for vote-get ting purposes suddenly spouts of his devotion to the movement? Os of an alumnus of Deer Lodge? —Arizona News. CUTTING DOWN ON ELECTRICITY As government departments take steps to cut down on civilian consumption of necessary mater ials, the consumer is gradually lienefiting by an edu cation in economy. We have learned, for instance, as a result of the alleged gasoline shortage, how we can drive a car on less gasoline than we have used in the past. Now, because of a shortage of electrical power, we are to be taught how to get along with less elec tricity. Some of us have always thought that elec tricity was limitless. But now with an impending shortage, due to the great amount of power needed for running defense plants, we are offered dozens of suggestions for cut ting down our electrical bills. Outstanding among those suggestions are the following: 1. Turn out lights wheji they are not need ed. 2. Watch the basement light which some times burns all night. 3. Conserve on hot water if you have an electric water heater. 4. Keep the thermostat on your electric water heater between 135 and 140 de grees, no higher. 5. Keep the radio on only when you are lis tening to it. G. Turn off the electric fan when it is not badly needed. 7. Use very small bulbs for any urgently needed night lights, t 8. Use all other electric appliances spar ingly and efficiently: your electric mix er, toaster, small heater, washing ma chine, vacuum cleaner and iron. 9. Don’t put hot food or dishes in the re « frige rator. 10. See that your refrigerator is properly placed i your kitchen. Your refriger ator is properly placed in your kitchen. Your refrigerator should be in the cool est part of the room away from your radiator, steam pipes, oven or hot sun. All of those suggestions are good practical ones which require no sacrifice and which will save us all money. And the best way we can thank the govern ment for showing us how to save money on our elec trical bill is to invest that saving in defense stamps. !!■ ii THE SILK STOCKING AREA As prominent women begin setting an example for the conservation of silk by wearing cotton stock ings, it is interesting to review the rise and fall of the silk stocking area. In 1899, at the turn of the century, silk stock ings first made their appearance in American stores. That year, 12,572 pairs of silk stockings were sold, which constituted one pair sold for every 2,500 pairs of cotton stockings. It didn’t look then as if silk stockings were going to go over with women and even ten years later, in 1909, less than one per cent of the stockings sold were made of silk. It was not until after the last war that silk stockings approached the popularity which they have had recently. Even in 1919, over half of the stockings sold to women were made of cotton, but during the next ten years cotton stockings became a drug on the market. In 1929 al>out 86 per cent of women were wearing silk stockings and last year over 90 per cent of the stockings sold were made of silk or rayon. Girls who have grown up during the period since :he last war may find it hard to get used to the cot con stocking idea, but their mothers should have less difficulty dropping a fashion which has actually had such a comparatively short life. As for men, most of them have never cared much whether their socks were made of silk, cotton 3r wool. All have preferences, but last year only about five per cent of men’s socks were made of silk. ' Author of “How to Win Friends * and Influence People^ IF YOU CANT FIND A JOB— MAKE ONE L TT JLA If you can’t find a job, then make one! These are not foolish words by any means. Here are examples of how two persons made jobs for themselves. I found them in the new book “The Strategy of Job Finding.” “A young woman, desiring a position in the sales promotion and advertising department of a large manu facturing concern, dealing in cosmetics, familiarized her self with this field and with the company. She then be gan an original piece of research on one of their prod ucts. By conversing with local druggists and with friends she learned the names of the five or six outstanding com petitors of this company in the lipstick field. She then purchased one stick of each brand, prepared a careful questionnaire, in which appeared such questions as, ‘What lipstick do you use now?’ ‘How did you first come to use it?’ and so forth. “These questions were grouped in appropriate class ifications which permitted ready analysis. A survey was then made among potential buyers. Upon completion the results were carefully tabulated in report form, followed by a summary of the outstanding comments for and against the manufacturer’s product. The findings were recorded on little cards, attached by ribbons to samples of competing lipsticks, placed in a plush-lined case, cov ered, and held firmly in place with a sheet of cellophane. The novelty of this approach, plus the quality of the job done by the applicant, won her the coveted position. “A recent college graduate, interested in seeking employment in the trade-publication field, learned in the course of a job interview that the company was consider ing the introduction of a new publication. He was ad vised he would be considered for a position if plans went through. He obtained all pertinent information about THE COOLIDGE EXAMINER Washington " * ■■■ ii r» Washington, D. C. (NWNS) — After each talk which President Roosevelt has made to the nation in the past year, the first com ment of a large number of people, including many congressmen quot ed in the newspapers, has been. “His talk was practically a dec laration of war.” One congressman is known to have made that or a similar com ment following nine different statements of the President’s. But in each case, after the spell caßt by the President’s voice has fad ed away and his talk is analyzed, it is evident that, although he is determined to see that Hitler is defeated, he still is wording his talks to avoid a state of actual war. In his most recent talk to the nation, for example, when he made it clear to Germany that our ships would shoot first at any German ships sighted on the At lantic, he said: “It is no act of war on our part whrti we decide to protect the seas that are vital to American defense. The ag gression is not ours. Ours is solely defense.” The President has stated our policy from now on will be to “protect all merchant ships en gaged in commerce.” His policy in regard to this was clearly stat ed when he said: "No act of violence will keep us from maintaining intact two bul warks of defense: first, our line of supply to the enemies of Hitler, and, second, the freedom of our shipping on the high seas. From now on, if Germany or Italian ves sels of war enter the waters, the protection of which is necessary for American defense, they do so at their own peril.” Although it is easy to interpret that statement as almost amount ing to a declaration of war, a well known Washington correspondent seemed to hit the nail on the head when he said: “Why do we have to try to ex- the new project at his first interview and asked permis sion to discuss the matter further with one or two of the other interested officers. “After analyzing the information gathered, he again approached the company with a recommendation that he be permitted to try a bit of independent research. He requested permission to prepare and send a dummy of the first issue to fifty firms (prospective customers) for the purpose of obtaining their reactions. His research indi cated that the publication would not be well received by 80 per cent of those approached. He regretfully pre sented the negative report to the management, but be cause of the excellence of his analysis, he was rewarded with a position despite the fact that the project was abandoned.” What had these two done? One simple thing: shown their prospective employers how money could be derived from their services. Perhaps every individual is not qualified to create a job, but if you get an idea, for Heaven’s sake, don’t sit around dreaming. At least, make an effort. I doubt if there’s any one who doesn’t get ideas at times—good ones, if they are only made good. If you don’t do some thing about it( you may wake up some day and find that some one else has. tend the President'.- tatements? He has said that our . hips on the Atlantic will defend themselves by shooting first. His explanation of that was clear and understand able. But he points out that it isn’t war. So why do we have to try to say it is war? We may say that it invites war or that it is a step toward war. but in defining what we actually are doing we might as well use the terms the President himself uses rather than try to tack the ‘war’ label on every act.” There are many in Washington who feel that the President’s speech was merely a matter of in forming the public about what we actually have been doing on the Atlantic for several months. The action of our navy on the Atlantic has naturally been kept very se cret and it may be that we have been “shooting first” when it seemed necessary for some time past. That of course is guess work. but there are many well informed men here who make that particular guess. Aside from the President’s speech and the reaction of every one to it, the most talked over subject here recently has been the senate committee hearing to determine whether the moving picture industry should be investi gated for producing films aimed at rousing us “to a state of war hysteria.” Although those who favor such an investigation con sist largely of the leading isola ionists in the senate, the case has been given much attention be cause Wendell Willkie, last year’s Republican candidate for Presi dent, is handling the defense of the movie interests. The isola tionist committee claims that the movies offer no opportunity to spread their views to the Ameri can people but has produced nu merous films which it claims are produced as propaganda for get ting us into war. Among the films named are such well-known ones as “That Hamilton Woman,” “The Great Dictator." “Manhunt,” “Con voy,” “Escape,” and “I Married a Nazi.” In defending the stand of the movie industry, Mr. Willkie said: “The motion picture industry de spises the racial discrimination of Naziism. We make no pretense of friendliness to Nazi, Germany nor to the objectives and goals of this ruthless dictatorship.” Mr. Willkie has also come into the limelight here by his state ment that he will work in the coming election for Republican candidates who support the ad ministration’s foreign policy but will be silent where Republican candidates do not support the President’s policy. He made it clear that opposition to domestic policies of the President is 1n keeping with his own feelings but he is striving to bring about more unity in congress on foreign poli cy. A more optimistic spirit on get ting our defense program working at full speed has been apparent here since the President’s recent appointment of Donald M. Nelson, who was once vice president of Sears-Roebuck, as a sort of a one man central planning agency to survey the whole defense situa tion, including defense and civilian requirements, mateirals available, machinery requirements and our labor supply. When completed, the survey is expected to give the first clear picture we have had of this country’s actual capacity for production. For a long time one of the chief criticisms of our de fense program has been lack of centralized planning. Mr. Nelson’s assignment is the answer to this need. Page Five ItOUAVI fated TOMORROWS l DON ROBINSON |j ATLANTIC safety It’s time the American people got an accurate accounting of what’s happening to the guns, planes, tanks, etc., which are be ing built with those billions of dollars on which we will all be making installment payments for the rest of our lives. Is that equipment getting to Rritain or is a lot of it lying on the bottom of the Atlantic? If it is reaching England all right, the Atlantic peril may not be as great as we are led to be lieve. On the other hand, if these sup plies aren’t reaching England, why don’t we hear stories about the sinking of ships carrying the supplies? I don’t think our government should release information which is of value to the enemy, but I can see no reason why we should not be informed about the things the enemy knows. Certainly the Germans know whether they have been sinking ships or whether they haven’t. I’ve heard plenty of people de manding that our navy go to war in order to protect the equipment we are sending to England, but before we go to war for this pur pose it is a natural thing for us to want to know if this equipment isn’t already arriving safely? SHIPS t)ewß There is another strange angle about this shipping business and the attitude of our government to ward war. A good many people feel that, the administration thinks we should go to war hut is waiting for public opinion to take the same view. But if the administra tion does want war—and if many supply ships are being sunk —the easiest way in the world to kindle a war spirit here would be to re lease stories about equipment be ing destroyed. The American people have will ingly accepted the huge task of supplying Britain with arms. We don’t want to see these supplies lost. But if. with our naval pa trols and England’s convoys they are arriving safely, we’re delight ed to hear it because it appears to make it less necessary for us to jump right into a war for which we are not yet prepared. Although we are given little in formation by our own government on the safe voyages of these sup ply ships, reports from England indicate that they are, at present, getting there all right. CONFUSION .... Morale Unless something is done to clarify the shipping situation in the eyes of the public, the confus ion about it is apt to be even a more serious blow to national mor ale than has been the discussion of gasoline shortage in the East. When Mr. Ickes announced a couple of months ago that gaso line consumption in the East must be drastically curbed, because of transportation difficulties, the people in the East prepared will ing to accept rationing or any other form of curb requested. But when conflicting statements made, saying that the alleged shortage was pure myth, the pub lic became confused. Although we all hope the oil situation is an isolated case, it would be unfortunate to have it followed by other serious ex amples of disunity and confusion within the government itself. And discussion on shippments to Eng land offers such a possibility un less the American people are giv en a clear and undisputable state ment of the facts. SACRIFICES . . willingness Mr. Churchill, in a recent report on the war, asked for greater sac rifices by the American people, but he was concerned primarily with increased production rather than the problem of safe delivery. But that problem of “greater sacrifice” is another one about which the American people have become confused. Oh, yes, there was that drive to get our old aluminum pots and pans, to which we contributed willingly, there will be those in creased taxes, which we will pay without complaint (except for the part of them which will be used for what some of us consider un necessary government expenses), there is the defense stamp cam paign, to which we have volun tarily already contributed a billion dollars, there is the curb on in stallment selling, which hasn’t bothered us any, and there is the probable shortage of automobiles, refrigerators, washing machines, etc., which isn’t keeping us awake nights. But I think there are a lot of us who would gladly do a lot more sacrificing if we could be told what sacrifices w'ould be a real contribution to speeding up defense production.