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(Die Conlibgc Examiner PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNINO __ Entered ,»» second ring* nuttier March 7. 1930 at the post office I ('ooltdfte. Arizona, under the Ac*, of March 3. 1879 A C. and H H. WRENN. Publlahera Suhkt i lption Rate. Per Year |2.00 Tin ai r Arizona Newspapers Ass^L^iriON ft 6»t>U« Siaww , 1 31,556,000 STUDENTS OF DEMOCRACY America’s army of education—3l,ss6,ooo strong, including children whose parents were born in every country in the world —went back to school last month to learn the ways of democracy. Probably one of the most critical years in education in our history, as the world is battling over philosophies of government, the American educator will do more than ever before to inculcate into these students a deep-seated love and understanding of democracy as opposed to the dictatorship governments of European nations. Reading, writing and ’rithmetic will still be taught, but even more important will be the teaching of freedom, liberty and democracy. Commenting on the plans for his year, John W. Studebaker, U. S. commissioner of educa tion, said: “Public and private schools may be expected to adapt their programs in 1941-42 to stress health and physical education, citizenship training, community, national and international relations, with particular emphasis on hemi spheric solidarity. Schools this year will emphasize con servation of national resources more than ever before. They will explain in more detail the difference between dictatorships and democracies. Educational radio pro grams and forums will help to identify and endeavor to solve through public enlightenment and discussion, major problems affecting our citizens in their defense period. Defense savings programs also will be inaugurated.” Os course, in a democracy, Mr. Studebaker cannot dictate what the schools will teach, but from all over the nation reports indicate that school heads recognize their responsibility to fit education into the defense program. The school enrollment this year—the number who will be exposed to education for defense and democracy —include 20,707,000 in elementary schools, 7,334,000 in secondary schools, 1,450,000 in institutions of higher learning, 100,000 in nurse training schools, 75,000 day students in business colleges and 1,850,000 part-time stu dents. If all of these students have the lesson of democracy drummed into them, it will do more than can armies and guns to safeguard our way of life. LET FREEDOM RING “Freedom of the press,” like the words liberty and democracy, have been heard so often by generations of Americans that they have lost a lot of their fire. We in America don’t know anything but freedom of the press, liberty and democracy. We’ve had them for generations. So when the newspapers of the United States, who are now celebrating National Newspaper week, emblazon these high-sounding words across their pages, many read ers are apt to yawn over them and pass on to the fun nies. It’s not that Americans do not appreciate their free doms. They appreciate them more each day as they read about the wiping out of freedom in all other parts of the world. But at the same time, it’s hard for anyone to be come emotionally aroused over something he has never been without. For comparison, imagine the excitement there would be in Germany if the newspapers came out with headlines announcing, “Freedom of the press.” It would cause cheering in the streets, expressions of fear on the faces of the people would turn to joy and there would be nation wide celebrations. To all people freedom is a precious thing. But it is the people who are suddenly given freedom after years of bondage who feel the full force of its meaning. If our freedom of the press was suddenly extinguished, democracy and all of the other freedoms it stands for would immediately disappear. We would be left in the dark as to what our government was doing, what was happening in foreign countries and what fate was in store for us. We would be guided in our thinking by rumors and lies instead of by facts. We would be propagandized into doing whatever the government wanted us to do. We would have no appeal to public opinion. It isn’t a pleasant picture, but it is the picture of most countries in the world today. We don’t expect it to hap pen here. But it can happen here if our people continue simply to take our freedoms for granted. The way we can prevent it is to arm ourselves mentally against any such eventuality—to be ready, when any move is made, within or without our country, to curb the free press, to “shoot first.” . i Storm Warning in the West r', DafoCa/tHS?'’'— i Author of "How to Win Friends * and Influence People-*' MAKE YOUR IDEAS WORK lir 1920 a young man in Omaha, Nebraska, felt the dis couragement that comes to all of us at times. Working in a ice cream factory, he felt that he had advanced about as far as he could. He wanted to get into some other kind of business where he could do better. But he could find no opening. So he made a momentous decision: to see if he couldn’t give some new twist to the business he was in. He told his friends about it and they frowned him down. They reminded him that George Washington had made the first ice cream in the United States that thous ands of people had experimented with ice cream and that there was absolultely nothing new to be learned about it. But the young man wasn’t convinced. He decided to at least try to work out something new in an old business. The young man’s name was Russell Stover. He experimented, after hours, and on Sundays, but he found nothing new—no novel twists. But not too fast! He did find something new. Something very simple: to cover a bar of ice cream with a coating of milk chocolate in such away that the ice cream would not melt before it could be carried home by the one who bought it. He showed it to his friends. “Too simple,” they said. “People want to eat their ice cream straight without having it dripping on their hands.” The same old calamity chorus. But he worked out the idea anyway and offered it to the public. He called it “Eskimo Pie.” You’ve heard of it. You’ve eaten it! You’ve paid money to this very man who was so discouraged. Was it a success? I’ll give you just one example. Ecuador, in South America, was on the point of going bankrupt Exports had been falling off; money was de flated; people were discontented. One of the principal products of export was cocoa; but there was no call for it. Then suddenly there was a call for it. From Omaha. There were calls—there were cries—for Ecuador’s cocoa. It was needed for coating Eskimo Pies, the most spec tacular food product success that ever flamed across the headlines of America. Telegrams flooded in. One time there were 14 boys in the outer office waiting to deliver messages. On one day his long distance telephone calls amounted to SI,BOO. He did not make the confection himself, but licensed others to manufacture it under his direction. In three months, he liecensed 1,400 firms to make Eskimo Pie. He was once offered a billion and a half dollars for the business. He did sell it in 1923, and retired from the busi ness. What had Russell Stover done? The simplest thing in the world. He looked around at a business he was fami liar with and gave it a new twist. That was all. Simple. A new twist to an old product. Now why don’t you try that in the business you’re in? These new twists are be ing developed every day by someone. Why isn’t that someone YOl)? Bn^on Washington, D. C. —(NWNS) Among the under-officials in Wash ington there is a continuous game going on of trying to out smart THE COOLIDGE EXAMINER one another in interpreting the reasons behind administration moves and in predicting adminis tration action before it takes place. After hearing the “confi dential” opinions of minor execu tives in different government de partments any visitor to this city would be left in an utter state of confusion about the war situation and would also be made to feel that all stories and speeches made by government officials are not to be taken at their face value. A recent example was the talk, both among officials here and in the newspapers, that Russia was ready to give up and make a separate peace. These stories came out at the time the Presi dent asked for $5,985,000.000 more lease-lend money. It has been known right along here that many members of congress obje • to giving equipment to Hussia, so the smart young men in the govern ment immediately Interpreted the '‘Russian collapse” story as being mere propaganda to east the pass age of the new lease-lend measure. Doubtless there is a large quan tity of propaganda being released from Washington to Impress the public with the dangers facing the United States, but probably not nearly as many of the import ! ant stories issuing from this city are pure propaganda as the wise acres would have us believe. There are some who even think the ship sinkings by Nazis were invented to arose a war spirit here and we ■till hear opinions that the Nazi- Itussian war is merely a fake war arranged by Hitler and Stalin as a means of getting England and i the United States to walk into a trap. These examples are brought up merely to indicate how far certain Washington guessers go in treat ing all statements and stories with the utmost suspicion. Commenting on this situation, a leading busi ness man who visited Washington recently said: "If the government wants unity among the people of this country it certainly ought to start the groundwork in Washing ton. With everybody here telling j you something different I truly be lieve that our thousands of federal employees are proving to be one of the greatest enemies of unity.” Os course there is endless dis cussion here over the President’s new lease-lend request and his re port on the expenditure of the sev en billions appropriated in the first lease lend law. The discus sion centers around the fact that only a little over $300,000,000 worth of supplies has actually reached the nations fighting the Axis powers, that a large percent age of that amount represents food and that the other $6,700,000,- UOO appropriated represents goods "on order.” With figures like that to work on it is easy to make it appear that our help to the allies is in finitesimal, many of those debat ing the subject ignoring complete ly the fact that we have filled over $4,000,000,000 worth of orders for equipment which were not placed under the lease-lend law. We have also accelerated our pro duction on many types of equip ment by about 300 per cent in the last six months. There is no doubt that we haven’t reached nearly the output which British needs urgently re quire, but there are plenty of fi gures to indicate that the job isn’t hopeless and that our speed of help will multiply very rapidly. The new request for funds is to make it possible to place further orders even though it will be some time before present orders are completed. Naturally, it is pointed out, if our program is to be un interrupted we cannot wait until thte first seven billions w’orth of goods are delivered before placing orders for more supplies. The new r request is expected to carry the program through to 1943. The new lease-lend measure is opposed by many of the isolation ists in congress as well as by those who feel that the financial struc ture of our country is imperiled by thte growing debt. The new tax law, which calls for far heavier taxes than were ever before paid by the people of this country, is •*xpected to bring in about sl3,- 1 000,000,000 of revenue in 1942. This is approximately half of pres ent estimated government expendi tures for 1942. The new tax law, which has been changed very little from the bill first passed by the senate and analyzed previously in this col umn, requires every married per son earning over $1,500 and every single person earning over $750 to pay a tax. It also imposes addi tional taxes on many products we buy, including automobiles, radios, refrigerators, liquor, theater ad missions, jewelry, furs, toilet preparations, sporting goods, tele phones. washing machines, light bulbs, transportation and a host of other products and services. In November also, it not before, congress is expected to be asked to repeal the neutrality act which now prevents our ships from go ing into belligerent waters, pre vents us from delivering war sup plies to a belligerent nation and prevents us from arming our merchant vessels. And right now that anticipated request is worry ing congress a lot more than either the lease-lend measure or new tax bills. —— o watch! TOWERI A Compendium of to 3 Arizona Political KfeySfl Comment. PHOENIX, Oct. 3—A grandiose scheme for creation of a “super government" designed to control all of Arizona's industries—and in directly the lives of all residents of the state—is being brewed in cloistered conferences, according to whispers filtering from the se cret sessions. Control of all activities, from home building to copper produc tion, would be enforced through the manipulation of priorities, which ure expected to be invest ed in state administration select ed appointees. Heading the proposed super government w ill be Gov. Sidney P. Osborn, cloaked with the powers of a dictator, according to the pre tentious plot of those incubating the idea. Coordinated control of indus try will be necessary to meet de mands of the national emergency, the public will be told. If this isn’t sufficient to make the people amenable to such seizure of power, frenzied forensics and other prop agandizing methods are contem plated to instill fear of an actual invasion of Arizona (via Mexico) of Hitler’s storm troopers augment ed by supporting columns of Jap anese. The suggestion reportedly has been made that thte governor should declare some sort of an emergency, bordering on martial law’, to enable him to seize con trol of certain state departments. It sounds like the crackpot idea it is, when reduced to writing, but a usually reliable source says such a scheme is in the making for a "wartime” subterfuge to perpetu ate the present state administra tion in -power. Surface indications lend some credence to the whispered report. Gov. Osborn handpicked Charles M. Martin, Phoenix oil dealer and co-op operator and one of his prin cipal backers, to the chairmanship of the priorities division of the State Defense council. While ex- Gov. R. C. Stanford was named di rector of the council, Gov. Osborn retained for himself control of the setup. The council is generously spot ted with pro-Osbornites, including D. Kelly Turner, secretatry, on the only $250 a-month Job in the organization. Ex-Gov. Stanford and numerous others are serving for patriotic reasons. Gubernatorial boomlets, or at least trial balloons, in behalf of Harry Saxon, -Cochise county cattleman; Sidney B. Moeur, Phoe nix attorney, and Dan Benchoff, McNary store manager, depend largely on the political plans of ex-Gov. Bob Jones. Should the former chief execu tive make the definite announce ment he will not be a candidate next year for the Democratic nom ination for governor, at least two of the three names most mention ed as possible candidates would be projected prominently into the picture by enthusiastic supporters. There shouldn’t be any doubt about Messrs. Saxon, Moeur and Benchoff being in a receptive mood to acknowledge a strong summons to get into the race. Their public and private state ments indicate a willingness on their part "to be of service" to their fellow Arizonans. No little preliminary work is be ing done in behalf of each by friends. Numerous inquiries are being made of Democratic leaders regarding the chances of each. It is natural that most of Sax- FRIDAY, OCT. 3, 1941 on’s strength should spring from the southern end of the state. He hails from that section. Only fly in the ointment at this time is the report that his candidacy "might cause a division in dear, old Co chise.” It’s reported Mr. Saxon will have to make peace with some potent Democratic leaders in his home county before he could be reasonably sure of carrying it. Some business and financial leaders in Maricopa, who take a lively interest in politics, as well as some key men in the organi zation of the late Gov. B. B. Moeur, Sidney Moeur’s uncle, are trying to drum up support for Atty. Moeur. Meanwhile, the St. Johns Inde pendent-News continues to whoop it up for Benchoff. Last week, the News ran a two column picture of Mr. Benchoff on page one un der the heading: “Will Dan Ben choff Run For Governor?” The cutlines said: "Encouragement still comes from far sections of Arizona to Dan Benchoff of Mc- Nary to make the race in the Dem ocratic primary next year for gov ernor. One prominent Arizonan, who ‘cuts quite a figure’ in state politics, in writing Mr. Benchoff, addressed his letter: ‘To The Man That Isn't Only Smart. But Looks Smart, McNary, Arizona.’ Immediately upon arrival at Mc- Nary it was delivered to Dan.” Despite all these activittiets, the big question in political circles is What will Bob Jones do? As chronicled in this column a couple of weeks ago. it is more than like ly Bob Jones will be in the race next year. He hasn’t said so def initely, but he confides to friends he has received many more letters of encouragement within the last couple of months than he receiv ed all during the two years he served as governor. Not a few of WATCHTOWER Galley 2 the letters, according to those who have seen them, are from folk who didn’t support Mr. Jones in his last campaign. With all these personal plugs arriving day by day, plus his per fectlty natural desire to erase last year's defeat, it is reasonable to assume that, unless something unforeseen bobs up. Bob Jones will take another whirl at the Democratic gubernatorial nomina tion next year. Until he makes known his plans, most “potential” candidates will be kept under wraps. Certain surnames are a distinct liability in politics. This fact has been amply demonstrated in many campaigns throughout the coun try from time to time. One of the most sagacious po litical observers in the state, in commenting on this matter of names, made the prediction this week that the erudite H. H. d’Autremont, Tucson banker and Pima county senator, "could easily be nominated and elected gover nor, if his name only were Kelly.” Phoenix municipal politicos are interpreting the recent defeat of seven of nine proposed charter changes from a half do2en angles. A new alignment on the city com mission is hinted to be in the of fing. o DON’T WIPE THEM IF YOU WANT them to be clean, don’t wipe those dishes. Just wash them, rinse them and let it go at that. Two research scientists at the New York state agricultural experiment station, William G. Walker and G. J. Hucker, have said so in a pamph let entitled “The Use of the Con tact Plate Method to Determine the Microbial Contamination on Flat Surfaces” Which means don’t wipe them! WOMEN DRIVERS THE WOMAN DRIVER has come into her own as an import ant figure in Britain’s defense ef fort. As members of the transport companies of the Auxiliary Terri torial Service they must be able to drive and repair any of the army’s motorized equipment. GOOD NEIGHBORS IN ENGLAND a hitch-hiking air craft worker was given a ride by Queen Mother Mary and the duch ess of Kent. In Califorifla film actress Martha Raye rescued four soldiers from their overturned car and took them to her home for first aid treatment. NATIONAL ANTHEM THE FIRST LADY agrees with "a man on a Charleston paper” who suggested to her that our na tional anthem should be made easier to sing. In her daily news paper column Mrs. Roosevelt ex pressed the opinion that since “The Star Spangled Banner” is more inspiring when sung by all, it should be simplified. WEE BIT O’ FASHION SCOTCH KILTS ARE the latest fashion news from London. The women cut them up into skirts, suits and other garments. They pay eight coupons (clothing, like food, is rationed) for a kilt con taining nine or ten yards of ma terial. Bought by the yard the same material would cost 4V6 coupons a yard.