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-' . . n-, v. v Fv V , ,1 v r- Sp, . hi PEOPLE WHO TOIL. Interesting: Statistics in Regard to American "Wage- Earners. Carroll I). Wright, llrnd of the Labor Bu reau, Makes and Exhaustive Report Mule and Female Em ployes Compared, Washington, Fob. 13. The 11th an nual report of the bureau of labor, just transmitted to congress by Com missioner Wright, was prepared in obedienco to a joint resolution of con gress directing an investigation rela tive to the employment of men, women and children, and is confined strictly to a comparison of the extent of em ployment and wages of 1S95-90, or "pre sent period" with the. conditions in what is termed "former period" ante dating the present period by at least ten years. Tho agents of the depart- CAIUIOIX D. WWOIIT. ment secured information from 1,0C7 establishments of various kinds, located in SO different states and em ploy ing 14S.SG7 persons a number largo enough to insure that tho data col lected were thoroughly representative. Tho complete data sought for, how ever, were obtained from 931 establish ments employing 04,500 persons in tho former and 103,048 in the present period. Of this number in tho first period 20,740 were males of 18 years of ago or over, ns. against 43,195 in tho Eccond, 4,175 males under 18 years of age, as against 7,540 in tho second; 27, 163 females, 18 years of age or over, and 8,748 females under 18 yearsof age, as against 45,183 nnd 13,571, respective ly, in the present period. The malo employes 13 years of ago or over in creased in the present period over tha former period 03.1 per cent, whilo fe male employes of the same age and period increased 00.3 percent. Male em ployes under "" roars of ago lncrrr"d 80.0 per rem , while female empli. r under IK years of age Increased su.l per cent. Out of the "1 instances in which men and children (ptrsons UD'ler 13 years of age) work at tho same oooupa. tion with a liko degree of efficiency, tnen reet-ivc greater pay in 12, or 7iM per cent, of the instances and children receive greater pay in 24 or 10.5 pet cent., while In 93 instances or 9.7 pet cent, they reeelve the same pay for tho same work performed with the same degree of efficiency. Tho men receivo 57.7 per cent greater pay than tho children in the 183 instances in which they are paid more, while tho children receivo but 8.0 per cent, greater pay in tho 34 instances in which they are paid the higher wages. The main reason given for the em ployment of women and girls is that they are better adapted for tho work at which they are employed. Other reasons given are that they aro mora reliable, more easily controlled, cheaper, more industrious, less liable to strike and learn more rapidly. On the other hand, the reasons for their opinion, given by those who did not bolieve that there was any tendency for the employment of women to in crease their industries, wero that very often women who were bettpr adapted and cheaper wero unreliable; that their physical strength was inadequate for heavy work; that machinery was gradually displacing them. Tho department is now investigating tho effects of machinery upon labor and tho cost of production, a compila tion of wage statistics in tho leading countries of tho world, an -Investigation of the liquor problem and eco nomic aspects, in collaboration with 'the state lubor bureaus, tho municipal ownership of gas; water and clectrio plants. Alloa 1'latt Sot Free. Kansas Cm-, Mo., Feb. 13. Allco Piatt was acquitted yesterday of tho chargo of poisoning tho two Mus sey children. Aa she leit tho jail building and walked up Missouri ave nue with her father and sister sho waved her veil excitedly and shouted to tho great crowd that had gathered: "Did you ever get left?" Tho jury was out all night and until 9:S this morn ing. On tho first few ballots the jury stood seven for acquittal end five for -conviction. Fair to Old Soldiers. Washington, Feb. 13. At tho pen sion bureau yesterday a delegation from O. A. It. posts 83 and 41, of Allegheny r City and Pittsburgh, Pa., presented resolutions of thanks to Commissioner Murphy for his humane administration -of tho bureau. The presentation speech was made by Congressman Stone, of Pennsylvania, who declared that for the first time In tho history of tho bu reau all old soldiers were satisfied with its administration. WOftK OF CONGRESS. What Onr Senators and Representative! Are Doing at the National Capitol. The senate on the 8th was In secret session most of tho timo ou tho Anglo-American arbi tration treaty. Tho bill rearranging tho Judicial district of Texas was passed over tho presi dent's veto by a vote of 67 to 1, Senator Cattery (La.) being tho member that cast tha negative vote Senator Pottlgrew (S. P.) sought to novo tho bill relative to tho timber culture laws recalled from the president to correct an error, but his resolution went over. ...The house de voted nearly tho whole day to District of Co lumbia business and eight bills of moro or less local Importance wero passed. The confcrcnco report on tho immigration bill was presented and notice given that It would be called up the next day. Mr. Olllctt (Mass.) introduced a bill making It a misdemeanor to conduct pool sell ing, lotteries, etc, by means ot telegraph, tele phono and other means of transmitting mes sages. The sennto on tho 8th spent most ot the day In executive session on tho arbitration treaty, Senator Morgan (Ala.) holding tho floor nearly all tho time. A bill was passed to Improve the channel of the South pass by closing the crevasse in Pass l'Outro In the Mississippi river. ....Tho house agreed to the llnal conference re port on tho immigration bill and passed two bills to pension the "remarried widow" of John II. Patton, of tho Seventh Illinois, and also tho "remarried widow" of Ma. Albert D. Soulc, of tho Twenty-Third Maine volunteers. Doth the bills had been previously vetoed by the presi dent. Tho senate amendments to a bill giving the settlers on 15,000 acres of swamp lands In Mississippi preferenco right of entry for one year was agreed to. A bill was also passed to prevent the fraudulent uso of the word "copy right" on books and other publications. Senator Mokqan (Ala.) announced in tho senate on the 10th his withdrawal of tho Nicara gua canal bill. The agricultural appropriation bill was taken up and, after an amendment by Senator Thurston (Neb.) to appropriate J5.00O for continuing tho beet sugar experiments was agreed to, tho bill passed. It appropriates 3,2S5,500. Tho house bill was passed extending tho timo for complying with tho requirements of tho act forfeiting railroad lands. It applies to loads along the Northern Paclflo route. Sen ator Tillman (S.'C.) called up the bill limiting the effect of tho federal laws on tho liquor traffic, so as te giro each stato absolute control of tho subject. It caused a lively debate, which was cut on by tho timo arriving for tho senators to participate with tho house In counting the electoral voto....In the house tho electoral vote was formally counted by the joint session of tho house and senate, Vlco President Steven son presiding and Speaker Rood sitting at his side. There was a round of applause, both on tho floor and in tho galleries, when tho an nouncement was made as follows: For presi dent McKinloy, 271; Dryan, 178. For vlco president Ilobart, 371; Sewall. 149; Watson, 7. Tho bouse passed the scnato bill relating to tho carrying of obsccno matter by express compa nies and it has gono to tho president for signa ture. Tin senate on the 11 th passed tho greato part of the day In debating the Anglo-American arbitration treaty. Senator Turplo (Ind.) speaking In favor of and Senator Morgan (Ala.) In opposition to Its ratification. Tho diplo matic and consular appropriation bill was passed and the 17th was tlxcd for a llnal vote on tho conference report on the Immigration bill. Hills Hilnjr tho timo and place for federal trials in Oklahoma territory and providing for tho re tirement of enlisted men of tho army and navy after 3J years' continuous service at three quarters pay wero also passed. ...Tho house passed the fortifications bill 'and mado some headway with tho post office appropriation MIL But the major portion of the day was consumed j jni' i ul d'bite on tho flnnnr-fal q-i Ion nfc ii us iresenteu ny a provisi d .n u oiu p. 1 1 dlr.gtor funding tli'1 d"Bt of the tun itorlp" T Tu'lian oppropr'auon bill was reported U the senate on -h' lth. A resolution was p.t. . 3 r- ."ittlc s I'-ftarv O'tiPV to ue his M''"r.' 'i t'.-riku ih'-cc udi'iunof Sjh'i'sWr Scuvt 'l. Hi" iiowspapar correspondent linyils oncl v. i unu. Senator Morgan (Ala.) offer, u resi.'ii'lon tor the alronitlon of the C'la.vton iiuiwer treaty with England. A bill was passed authorizing tho appointment ot an ad ditional judgo of the United States court in the Indian territory. Tho rest of tho day passed lu discussing tho Anglo-American arbitration treaty. ...The house debated the post bfllco ap propriation bill and afterwards passed It. It carries 5,42S.7H. LEFT A BIG FORTUNE. The Personal Property Alone of tho Late Editor McCulIagh Foots Up Over 8800, OOO. Sr. Louis, Feb. 13. The inventory of tho estate of tho late Joseph 11. Mc CulIagh, editor of the Globe-Democrat, was filed with tho probate court yes terday. Tho personal property ia re turned at 8870,127.40. The real estate is not valued. It consists of two lots in the city of St. Louis, one at Leaven worth, Kan., nnd one at Oolden City, Ark., nnd 205 acres of land in Jasper county, Mo. HEAVY GOLD SHIPMENTS. Western Bankers Bending Quantities of It to New York by Mall. Nr.W YonK, Feb. 13. Postmaster Dayton said that it is true of late thero have been unusually largo shipments of gold from tho west for delivery through tho post office to tho banks In this city. Some Idea of the volume of these shipments may be gained when it is understood that the value of the coin received by registered mall nnd delivered from the general post office since January 28 aggregated $1,510,000. This was divided in lots. Hank Ilobbcd by a Negro. SAlvrsnuito, Pa., Feb. 13. Aboutnoon yesterday Cashier J. A. Klingensmith, of tho First national bank, was held up by a colored man and forced to hand over 8400. Tho man entered tho bank when no ono but Mr. Klingensmith was present and asked for some change. When the cashier looked up tho black man held a revolver to his head and or dered him to hand over tho cash. llanna Thinks Ho Will Win. Canton, O., Feb. 13. A complete can vass of the Ohio assembly has just been completed by Joe Smith, the confiden tial secrotary of the president-elect. The result of it is that tho supporters of National Chairman llanna arc con vinced that if n special session of the assembly is called to elect a successor to Senator Sherman llanna will be elected by a large majority. Hanged Illmsolf to a Hedpost. Easton, Pa., Feb. 13. Andrew Pick ett, aired 77 years, a prominent retired merchant of this city, was found dead in bed hanging to a bedpost in his room. Ho had been In ill health and ! despondent for a lonsr time. JO O. SHELBY DEAD. The ex-Conf cderato General' End Cams In a Peaceful Way. Merwin, Mo., Feb. 15. Gen. Jo O. Shelby died at 4:20 o'clock Saturday morning, so peacefully that those who watched at his bedside scarcely real ized that the end was at hand until ho breathed his last. Ho remained un conscious to the last, and no word or sign of recognition of those about him came from tho dying man. Ills eye lids had remained closed for soma hours and there was only a relaxa tion of tho features as the hand of death swept across the pallid face. The remains of Gen. Shelby will bo interred in Forest Hill cemetery, at Kansas City, on, Wednesday at ten o'clock a. in. Funeral services will bo R- W OEN. JO O. SHELBY. from tho Central Presbyterian church In that city. Tho remains will lie in state Jail day Tuesday In the federal building at Kansas City. A Biographical Sketch. Gen. Jo O. Shelby was born in Lex ington, Ky., of a distlngulshcd.famlly, in 1831. Though he has been conspicu ous as a Mlssourian for 45 years, yet his is another of tho many illustrious names that Kentucky can claim from the annals of fame. His school days wero spent at Lexington, Ky., and then at the age of 19 he came to Missouri 53 years, ago and settled in Audrain county. The firing upon Fort Sumpter found Capt. Shelby zealous in tho southern cause. He was 30 years of ago at this time. Hist strat egy and activity brought him pro motions in rapid succession. A cap tain at the outbreak of the war, he became a colonel of cavalry in 1S02; in January, 1803, a colonel in command of a brigade; and in May, 1804, a brigadier general. Although Shelby was the youngest general on the list, he was given tho highest place possible not ranking Gen. Price, when the last Missouri raid was mado in 18(5-4. On October 20, Marraaduke nnd Shelby drove the fel eralf. hack from Blue river to Westport. On the -21 Shelby n-cciwd orders to capture Wcstport, which ho did after the nxi.st desperate buttle lie ever fought in Missouri. At the i'ise of tho war Jeu. Shelby surrin.t. ;-d to tha I'nitcd States through t i.-u. Huckm-r. Shelby then gathered nln.nt him about 000 men, mostly Missourians, and went to Mexico to join Jaurcz In tho revolu tion against tho Emperor Maximilian. On February 4, 1894, Gen. Shelby was appointed United States marshal of the Western district of Missouri, nnd his term does not expire until March, 1898. He leaves a wife and a family of eight children, seven boys and ono girl. Appropriations ot the Present Congress. Washington, Feb. 15. The following is published as an approximate esti mate of the appropriations which will bo made by the present congress: Post office, 895,011,000; sundry civil, 850,004,000; District of Columbia, 85,042, 000; military academy, 8474,000; diplo matic and consular, Si, 072,000; fortifica tions, 89,1 78,000; agricultural, 33,155,000; pensions, 8140,000,000; army, $23,120,000; legislative, executive and judicial, S21, 608,000; Indian, 87,555,000; naval (esti mated), 834,000,000; urgent deficiency, 8881,000; general deficiency (estimated), 815,000,000. Total, 8408,018,000. Per manent annual appropriations, 8120, 000,000. Appropriations first session, 8515,314,000. Grand total for the Fifty Fourth congress, 81,044,403,000. Minors' Pension Claims. Washington, Feb. 15. Commissioner of Pensions Murphy has issued an or der directing that all cases of helpless minors for continuance of pension un der tho net of June 87, 1890, will bo mado extra special, andtchicfs of di visions have been directed to take up such cases at onco and push them to an early adjudication. This action will benefit a largo number of needy claim ants and will give them tho benefit of the pension when entitled at the earli est possible moment. Heretofore such claims havo occupied an ordinary status. Senator Qnay's Son Arrested. Prrrsiiunoir, Pa., Feb. 15. Richard R. Quay, son of Senator Quay, is under arrest on charges of criminal libel pre ferred by State Senator Magee and Fllnn. He is charged with furnishing the material for tho articlo published in tho Commercial Gazette stating that Magcc and Flinn had sold out to llanna in the McKinley canvass for the nomi nation. Itayartl Mentioned for a Judgeship. Washington, Feb. 15. Among those who aro spoken of for appointment to tho scat on the bench of the United States district court made vacant by the death of Judge Leonard E. Wales in Delaware, is Thomas F. Bayard, am bassador to tho court of St. James, BUSHNELL'S REFUSAL. Ohio's Governor W1U Not Appoint Mark llanna to the Senate. Canton, O., Feb. 11. President-elect McKinley is on the point of sacrificing his secretary of state to save the re publican party in Ohio from disruption and the Ohio state officers from the hands of the democrats. Tho informa tion came in a telegram received from Washington yesterday by a local For alter man, and last night the Forakcr Bushnoll faction had the fact staring them in the face that 'they have been blocked. The news has leaked out hero among the friends of Hanna's senatorial boom that the president elect has received a letter from Gov. Bushnell within the last few days in reply to the request for Mr. Hanna's appointment sent by him through Judge Day, In which the governor gives a last and final "No" to the re quest. Senator Sherman and, the president elect are in almost daily communica tion, and they have mapped out their policy quickly. The Foraker-llushueil people are watching every movement, and the allies of tho faction got hold of the president-elect's plan almost as soon as it was formed. Last night every Forakcr man of any prominence In tho state knows that Senator Sher man and the president-elect have prac tically decided to forego each other's company in the cabinet for tho sake of preventing Jones, Kurtz or Uushnell from going to the senate. SAYS "NO SURRENDER." Gen. Gomez Declares That Cuba Will Not Accept Spanish Offers. New Yonic, Feb. 11. Tho World this morning published an Interview with Gen. Maximo Gomez dated: "Camp of Gen. Maximo Gomez, near Salado, province of Santa Clara, Cuba, January 29,1897;" Gomez said in part: "Spain will not grant any real reform. We no longer ask concessions from her. Even were Spain's proposals bona fide, nothing could tempt us to treat with her. We are for liberty, not for Span ish reform. We are for Cuba, not for Spain. I am disgusted with this talk of reform. Docs Spain think we have forgotten the lessons of the past? Liberty is what wo arc fighting for, because it is one of the most glorious gifts God has bestowed upon man. We want nothing from Spain. Cuba hates Spain. Homo rule in its broadest sense is independence. That is the kind of homo rule we want. II you ask would we accept home rule with a Spanish captain-general, I would answer most -emphatically no. We want nothing from Spain. We do not want her captain-general nor her glory, if she has any remaining, nor her care." BRADLEY-MARTIN BALL. New York's RSSO.OOO function Whs a I)e rldedly Swell AfTulr. New York Feb. U. Beautiful be yond description Has the ball innsqno of Mrs. Bradley-Martin last night Columns have been written about tho ifffair and pictures havo been drawn, but tho fancy of the urtist did not picture half the splendor presented in tho Waldorf. Tho costumes wero ex quisite. All tho great men and women of the last three centuries were repre sented. Arrayed, costly beyond the dream of the originals, were the men nnd women who appeared as ladies and gentlemen of the olden periods. At midnight the great ball was at its height. All society was there gathered to portray the regal splendor of past centuries. For lavish expenditure, for artistic decorations and sur roundings, for a reflection of the most picturesque episodes in old world history and a gathering of the fuircst and the richest in tho new world life, tho ball last night marked an epoch. It was moro than a mile post in New York's history; it was the event of a decade. FOUGHT A DUEL. Two Cavalrymen at West Point Kngago In a Combat Over a Woman. New Yokk, Feb. 11. At a recent sol diers' ball at WestToint, Katie Medler, a blacksmith's daughter, favored John Leahy, a trooper, and Pearlcy noward, Ills rival, challenged him to a duel. Charley Wresth and Billy Sissy, two other troopers, acted as seconds. After tho usual preliminaries each man drew his cavalry saber. A sharp contest ensued. After a few minutes of fight ing, Howard, with ono sweep of his sword, sent Leahy's sword flying and left him defenseless. With the return sweep his sharp weapon caught Leahy on the lips and cut them through. Leahy crlcd'"murder" and the seconds tried to stop the flow of blood, but their efforts were fruitful and they had to take tho wounded man to the cadet hospital, where his lips were sewed up by the surgeon. He told the doctor he got the injury accidentally whilo fencing with Howard. TWO MEN DIE TOGETHER. Strangers Commit Suicide with Gas at Grand Island, Neb. Grand Island, Neb., Feb. 11. Two well-dressed men came to this city Tuesday night, arriving from the east They went to the best hotel in tho city and only ono registered, saying ono'namo would do for both. Tho slg naturo on the register Is very vngue, but looks like R. A. Newcome, and the residence given as Billings, Mont. Yesterday morning they were found in their room dead. All gas jets wero open full. Neither man carried any baggage other than a small grip, and this contained nothing but two shirts and a few collars. The coroner's jury returned a verdictpj suicide. GAGE'S VIEWS. Tbs Next Secretary of the Treasury Speaka at a Farewell Dinner. CnicAOO, Feb. 13. The Commercial club last night gave a farewell dinner to Lyman J. Gage, the next secretary of the treasury, about 100 men prom inent in business circles being present. In the course of his speech Mr. Gage said: "Wisely or unwisely, I have pleaded for toleration, for patience with misunderstand ing, for a broad citizenship, not limited to local surroundings; a citizen ship which welcomes business success, because it lends power and influence in the larger social life, to which duty and true happiness stand in close rela tions." Mr. Gage said that the most advanced scientists now recognized that a very large number of so called diseases found their existing cause in that part of tho physical organization known as the emotional center. These diseases could not bo reached by ordinary means, but should be addressed through mental impres sions nnd suggestions. Thi i, he inti mated, wo, the source of trouble with the social state, and continued: "It is unwise to be blind to tho dangers in such a situation. Hysteria, though functional in its operation, aiay induce organic disease. Men of steady minds and strong hearts must, with temper ance and' chnrity and the exercise of right reason find the true path which leads to peace and safety. There aro real mistakes to be corrected. We have violated the natural laws which govern in the realm of economics with the same force and power that they do in the physical realm." A CLASH EXPECTED. Only Intervention by the Tower Can Pre vent Trouble In Crete. Athens, Feb. 13. Tho warlike ex citement here increased with the de parture of troops for the frontier and the equipping of additional war ves sels for servico in Cretan waters. J OP GREECE. Nobody o doubt that a clash will occur be tween ' id Turkey unless tho io rvenc; but it is believed .. ',hat Greece will bo given u .i..,i'. ...wd in Crete, and thnt If she succeeds in annexing that island her right to do so will not be ques tioned by the rest of Europe. It is quite certain that King Goorgc has not acted without consulting with his friends in sending the torpedo flotilla into Cretan waters, with instructions to prevent, at all hazards, the landing of Turkish troops in Crete. DEPEW SLATED. The Noted New Yorker Will Probably Be Ambassador to Great Britain. Canton, O., Feb. 13. Whatever may be the decision concerning New York's representation in tho incoming cabi net, the Empire state seems likely to gain the plum of the diplomatic ap pointments, and Chauncey M. Depew will, in all probability, be tho next ambassador of the United States to tho court of St. James. The appointment of Mr. Dcpew, while not officially an nounced, seems to have been practical ly decided upon and probably will re ceive authentic confirmation within the next few days. NO LEGAL AID. Scott Jackson nnd Alonzo Walling Must Dlo for Pearl Hryan's Murder. Fkankfort, Ky Feb. 13. In the cases of Scott Jackson and Alonzo Walling, sentenced to be hanged for tho murder of Pearl Bryan, the court of appeals overruled the petition for a rehearing. Tho records were imme diately transmitted to Gov. Bradley for his SO days in which to consider tho case and fix the date for tho hangings. It is believed that Gov. Bradley will give the case immediate attention. Wool Interests at Outs. Washington, Feb. ' 13. The Wool Growers' and Wool Manufacturers as sociations have failed to adjust their differences over the rates of duty to bo recommended to the ways and means committee for the new tariff bill and have separated. The growers were un willing to consent to rates at which they declare they could not continue to produce wool with profit, and tho manufacturers held that tho rates of the growers were higher than proper or politic. Exports of Domestic Products. Washington, Feb. 13. According to tho tables of the bureau of statistics the total exports of domestic products during the seven months ended Janu ary 31 last amounted to S422,9S0,802, against 8334,844,011 for the correspond ing period in the preceding year. Breadstuffs amounted to 8121,938,245; cotton, 8109,450,005; mineral oils, 837, 223,217, and provisions, 878,500,903. I m ... V , w I i "'A'.: ' , ', - .. -.'VfVt' ..'' ' ;.: v-hX W$rt t''.v 'ttft8&yvak w. &; Ir'..,V .,.;-..-A $ fc -&-&&. Jri- A'.r V - ..