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5 &.- ,ts. -M'. ' . Vr (i V-. .J, , . ,jiffi',i4'it,.' mjh'.&ri ?.,., iw .t.AMfktytt jyagmStvw , W .... iil&t-- SSW? ' i,L-; -wv pSrV'.V ... ir j&i& 41 V' FOREST CONSERVATION. rnrilul lli-purt ii i-mlnny of Scien ces C'omiutllee, (Continued from lt week.) CiHH'friiinjr tIih ivm-ivi-iI fnivst lamln of (lie piilillc iIdiiiiiiii llm mrainilteH rorittl tlmt "llm -!tiliar Iiini(i-nii irnl iiml clliimlic i''iiiiliiiim.s of wi-sl-ern Ninth AWiii-h wmilil npmr to nmke llie iiv8ct-VHiloii of It fumU Cawr-Mlnl to tlie r(iriliibl Niitl iirnn- onii ocmpiilioii t Hi'- iMitiiitry." Iiiij.-hIuiii hxnIhiiii Iiiivh Wmi uiiiler- tkflll ill IIIHIIV llWIllilll'l iiihW Si'hIm or iiirpnrHln willful nml Iirvii Wii pnifcciilfil until iliclr vhIiih Iihr" b-en amply ilfiuiiiisiri'il. hIiIkhiIi iIihwih cwiimiiInI ciinilitliiii nf their pel ninnfiit BiHTt-sK. llin iri'cervHliiiii of lilt forests on hi-ili nioiiutiiiii slipt'i, Iihs been en tirely nerlei'leil. H.xniiil tin limit nt the nutiniU paiks. whlili me effectively hihI eiit Diillllexlly piltroleil ,ll. .tlflitcltllliMlttl of the Uniieil Suite mm), the committee whh tuiHlile .to ilUroVer it i iv evidence thiil Hi-rliniK itttempM me iiihiIh by the Government to protect the forests of the public. iIoiiihIii from iUeptl' timber ciitiinHtiil puHtiirin, or to prevent tliHMlHriine; or check the spreiul of forcHl (ires. Fire mill pitBliiriijre chlifly Uneaten tin ri served forest IhimIs of t tie public doniHln. In foinpiiilson with lliese the tbinmL'e wliidi I iuflicteil on them by. Illegal limber culling la Insignifi cant. The elinuite, with its unequally ills tribiiuil in In fnl I iiml Intensely hoi nil ilry'unininiTs nii'l the iieculmrly infliinimiiblecliHiiirter of llm forest, make forest llren III the West i limner otiN noil i:irtieiitarly 1I1W1 motive, ami nootlier piirlof the (mt(i)-.v has suf fered soFerloii.sly frinii this cause. The rljihl of way of every nillroad croiwiiiir lb" Reeky' Mountalna and the other Interior rmip-K of ib continent is marked liV lilimil Zotli'Sof (levuxtn- tioi dim lo II ten which ImVe atarled - "' f ., -''; from the caniiM of ennsMiioilnu i;uiiL' fi v . . ' ' i . i. or tlie spin ks ;of .locomotives; niul tliiiiinaliici of acres of timber are de stroyed annually by the spread of tires lighted by set tiers to "lcur tliejr farnis. PrusM'itois in searrli of valuable mlnenil friquelillr set. (ires ill Wooded regions to uncover the rocks and fa cilitate their npenitloni; and the sliepln-i'ils who drive i heir flocks to pasture ilui'iti the Mimmer nmtilliq in the mountain forests of Oregon and California make (ires In the autumn lo clear the pound ami improve the growth of forage plant the following year. Tht. committee, traveling for six week Ibroiiyb iinriliern Mnninim, Idaho mid U'aNhiiigioii, iiml Ibrougli weMern Wiicliiiiltm and Oregon, were almost, cotislatitly euveliiped in the smoke of forest lire. No human agency can stop a West ern forest fire wbeii it has once ob tained real headway, anil the only hope of averting llm enoriiloiH lo.sses willed the country suH'ec every year from this caiise is in preventing tires from starting In the foivsis or in ex 'tlnguiiliiiij; them promptly. Unrestricted pasturing of sheep in tbe Sierras and southern Cascade for ests, by preventing; their reproduction and Increasing the number of flres, must inevitably so change the flow of streams heading in these mountains that I hey will become worthless for irrigation. The public domain of which these , reserves form a part belongs to the people of the whole country, and tint to those of an? one section. It is right, therefore, that the forest re serves should be managed for tbe ben efit of tho people of the whole coun try, and not for any particular class or sect inn. Sleep and elevated moun tain slopes should not be cleared of their forests for the sole benefit of tbe prospector or the miner, because this, by its influence on water-flow, might mean permanent Injury to persone living hundreds of miles away. A lew foreign sueep-owjiers should not be allowed to exterminate great for ests nt tho expense of the whole coun try, and prospectors and miners should not be permitted to burn wil fully or carelessly forests in which all clasoes of the community are equally ' Interested. . It Is evident that it the Government .proposes to protect public property in tbe reserves, and to enforce any laws or regulations which may lie enacted for I heir administration, the assistance of the military must he called in until an organization can be leveloed for the protection, management and Im provement of all reserved Government forest, lauds; for without such assis mice the experience of Ihe past clearly shows that it is Idle In hope that tires can be r-slricted, pasturage abolished, and. limber-cutting and milling regu lated in Ihe reserves, and if this can mil be done, their forests will sooner or later be ruined, and the objects de feated for which they have' been es tablished, , , Tlie preservation and judicious iiimi; ngemntit of llie'forests on those (Mil lions of the public domain which are UUMiiled for agriculture are of great importance fir the flow of rivers need ed for the irrigation of ami districts, and tii furnish forest products for set tlers on1 adjaceut arable' lands and for mining. operations. Th 'cheapness of forest products iu the United Stales, ami (he leng'h of limn required to produce crops of timber in ihe West, will make Ihe Investment of ihe capi tal, of individuals in sylviculture! operations, for the preseut at least, a doubtful enterprise in those Stales and Territories where the piibliu do main is now principally situated; and sylviculture I'd western North America will only be realty successful under sustained government control and ailmiuistratiou. Annual taxes on the laud of Indi viduals demand annual income, am! to avoid or meet tliis.liurdeu of luxation laud which should always remain cov ered with, forests is often denuded be. fore tho requirements of commerce jusiify it, or is devoted to uses lor which ii Islll adapted. The fee of lauds which are most valuable for the product!) f timber should remain vested in the general Government, and these laud, if lh-y are managed wisely, can be made to supply forest material indefinitely lo t in agricultural ami mining popula tions of adjacent districts and to im prove In productiveness and value. Ultimate self-support of a Govern ment forest administration is possible in the United States, and it may In expected to yield a permanent income if the national forests are maiiaged with the intelligence, thrift and hon esty w hich characterize the forest ad ministration in Germany, France ami other European countries. Temporary Measures. To inaugu rate al once n complete system of forest 'administration would be to attempt more lliiin is wise or feasible al this lime, but llm necessity of prompt action for the protection of tint forest reserves from hre, illegal pasturage and oilier depredations is urireui, and elllcieiit temporary p dite measures are needed immediately. This danger is no less real than In dian massacre was formerly, and Ihe citizens of the West can only look in t!ie army tor immediate mid temp r.uy pi'oieel leu from it. Each important forest reserve should bj placed at once iu chtre of an offi cer of the army, detailed during the season when forest fires are to be dieaded, and he Miould be supported by sufficient details of fiddlers. In (li near each forest reservation a United States commissioner should be sta tioned to deal promptly with, all cases rising from violations of, forest laws or regulations, ami perf rni tlie duties of a police justice under a District Attorney and the United States court. Tbe authority to make arrests should be conferred upon the forest guards. The following limits are suggested for tbe four forest departments of a permanent forestry organization: First Department: To Include the fonst reserves comprised,! California and Nevada At present there are six sucb reserves, aggregating 6.867,200 acres. Second Department: To include the forest reserves included Ju Oregon and Washington west of the one hundred and twentieth meridian. At present there are six such reserves, aggre gating 12.671,360 acres Third Department: To, Include the forest reserves comprised in Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and, Utah. , At present there are eight such reserves,. aggregating 6,141,440 acres. Fourth Department:,. To ino'ude the forest reserves comprised in Wyoming, South Dakota, Montana and Idaho, aid Washington east of the one bun dled and twentieth meridian. At present there are elL'lit snub reserves, containing 9,117,440 acres." Such organization will require, for silaries. Including assistants and rangers,, for each of the, tlmt five years mi annual appropriation of $250,000 (To be continued.) Somvllitnic to Depend On. Mr. James Jones, of ihe drug firm of Jones & Sou, Uoivileii, HI., Id speaking of Dr. King's New Discovery, aivslhat last winter his wife was attacked with la grippe, mid her case grew so seriiiiis that plitslciausnl Cow den and Paua could do nothing for her It seemed to develop into basly consumption. Having Dr. King's New Discovery in store, and selling lots of II, he took a bottle hoiue, and to ihe urprlse of all she began to get heller Irom first dose, and half dozen dollar bottles cured her sound and well. Dr. King's New Discovery for iiuiinii lion, coughs a ml colds is guaranteed to do this good, work. Try It. Free trial bottles at Dr. D. J. Urauiien's drug store. The Flagstaff piihlio schools opeu next Monday. llow'a ThUI Wo offer one hundred dollars re ward for any case of Catarrh that can not be cured by Hall's catarrh cure. F. J. CllENKY & CO., Props. Toledo, O. We lite undersigned, have known F. J. Cheney for the last 15 years, mid believe him perfectly honorable lu all business traiisaciioiis and fiua.icially able to carry out any obligations 'made by iheir firm. West & Triinx. wholesale druifisis, Toledo. O. Waldlng. Kimiaii & Mar vin, wholesale druisls. Toledo, O. Hall's Catarrh (hire is taken internally, iieliug directly upon the blood mid mucous surfaces of the system. Price 75c per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Testimonials five. Hall's family pills are tile best TH0H1S HOWE Sealer In. FURNITURES BEDDING. Phoenix Ave , South Side of Railroad - Tack. THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK RICHARD A. McSURDV President 8T&TEXEKT For the year ending December 31 1896 Accorllns to the Standard of the Ioiuranct Dtpanmcat of tb Stat of New York HCOXE. nrrrlrrd fur tnalimi . . tSfl.SS Ml 19 Moui all othtr buurcw IO.IOu.H8t 07 $4,J0,095 27 DISntmHEaOTS. To Petlrr-holdcre for tlaia.a lir lUlh .... $12,(93,113 39 To I'oilrjr h- nlrrs fur Endow- irifiil., IIIlU(!a,.U. . 13.841,4(8 It For all othar AecouU 10,7l,00i 64 . IMI8.iI 1 ARRETS. UItJ Statu Boils aid iilhtr vmrlllo .... $IIO.t!3,08S IS First lira Lmii a Bold aid Mortt-air .... 7I.M.1.IH0 IyiininaKloekaaadBoidl - ll.OUI.SS 00 Krai (Mat .... C2,Tu7,l00 W I'Mb la llaak aid Trait Co- . piali .... IS.080,31000 ioemrj latimt.XttDtrtmd . - - Prostatas, ate. . . e,65,oSS Ot t!4,744,H8 41 tam fr PoIIcIm aid ttktr ......... LiakllttlM . . 0.0l0, 7i SarilM . . . . $il,7M.14 70 luiraar aid Aaiiltlrt la ... fare . . . i018,98,S I bar carefully aiamlmd tbe fortgolai; Smio mem and find tha tamo to bo correct; liabiuuei calculated by tha laturanct Department , Ca .iLaa A. Paaujoi Auditor from tba Surplus a divIdcadwlU be apportioned ROBERT A. ORANNISS Viei-PMSilftiT Walt R. GtLurm Imac F. Lloyd Fnansiic t'aotrwau Kmoxv McCuntociC General Maaafer ad Vice-Preddent Treasurer Actuary Cereals, and Trode-Marka obtained, and all Plt ut business conducted for Moderate Tae. Our Offlce Is Opposite U. S. Patent OHM, and we can secure patent In lass time tban tnoea remote from Washington. Send model, drawing or photo., with descrip tion. Wa adTise, If patentable ot not, Ireo of charge. Onr fee not dno till patent Is secured. A Pamphlet, "How to Obtain Patents," with name of actual clients InTourBUU. county, of town, sent nee. Aaareas, C.A.SNOWACO. OgaaKsi Paa4 QSsa, Waaktnttoa. a fc. Mm NEW BANK HOTEL LYMAN. 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'- " Coconino Couriiyliandithei ' i, wMRTjh ' ,A. .; of Arizona::' -ig; , mmm year, payable, in advance. Thursday: ... ' . Jit';' , ' all kinds done on'shortno-' e uPtf i!yk 1 , V,.t--j i: HA JACKSON. Publishers. -,, 'M& r r- J w " .1 . vd?,d .Wrfi V ''V ' w &-.? t ,V7Wirf 9m -W. ' & iu;yr r.et m- "A I3P2 'te&s' sFlSfi Ml lfPy W$u -ii!Hnumui&mfv ? .Jas